keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

medications in pregnancy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921379/fibroids-that-do-not-distort-the-uterine-cavity-and-ivf-success-rates-an-observational-study-using-extensive-matching-criteria
#2
G Christopoulos, A Vlismas, R Salim, R Islam, G Trew, S Lavery
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of non-cavity-distorting fibroids on in vitro fertilisation (IVF) pregnancy outcomes. DESIGN: A retrospective, matched, single-centre, cohort study was performed. SETTING: The IVF unit of a tertiary, university hospital. POPULATION: We analysed all women with non-cavity-distorting uterine fibroids undergoing IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles from 1 January 2011 to 1 May 2015...
December 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920343/epidermal-growth-factor-rescues-endothelial-dysfunction-in-primary-human-tissues-in-vitro
#3
Roxanne Hastie, Stephen Tong, Natalie J Hannan, Fiona Brownfoot, Ping Cannon, Tu'uhevaha J Kaitu'u-Lino
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, responsible for over 60 000 maternal deaths annually. Endothelial dysfunction is a central aspect to its pathophysiology, and currently, no medical therapeutic is available for its treatment. In this study, we aim to investigate the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on endothelial dysfunction using primary human tissues. We performed a number of in vitro assays that mimic the vascular endothelial dysfunction that occurs in preeclampsia. Epidermal growth factor reduced the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, a marker of endothelial dysfunction, after insult with tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) or serum from women with preeclampsia...
December 5, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919151/-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-cohort-studies-based-on-the-italian-medical-birth-register-is-it-time-to-think-of-a-multicentric-birth-cohort
#4
REVIEW
Cristina Canova, Gisella Pitter, Patrizia Schifano
INTRODUCTION: birth cohorts are a necessary tool for the study of the effects of exposures which can occur during pregnancy and early life on the development and health status in paediatric and adult life. The Italian Medical Birth Register (CeDAP), linked with other health administrative data, allows to build population based births cohorts to be followed over time. OBJECTIVES: to sistematically review all published scientific papers using data extracted from the (CeDAP) in order to give a picture of their current use for epidemiological aims; to describe advantages and limits of these data and possible future developments for epidemiological purposes...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918866/a-lot-of-hard-work-but-doable-pregnancy-experiences-of-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#5
Meaghan McGrath, Joan Chrisler
Despite many medical advances, pregnant women with type-1 diabetes are still considered to be at high risk. Previous research suggests that physicians' focus on strict glycemic control and negative outcomes can result in fear and uncertainty about undertaking pregnancy. The present study was designed to gain insight into the lived pregnancy experiences of women with type-1 diabetes and to solicit their thoughts on what health care providers could do to assist them to have a healthy pregnancy. Ten U.S. women with type-1 diabetes who were currently pregnant and/or had previously given birth participated in structured interviews...
December 5, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918585/the-association-of-family-history-of-premature-cardiovascular-disease-or-diabetes-mellitus-on-the-occurrence-of-gestational-hypertensive-disease-and-diabetes
#6
Dong-Ju Choi, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Heesun Lee, So-Yeon Ahn, Kyung Joon Oh, Hyun-Young Park, Hea Young Lee, Myeong Chan Cho, Ick-Mo Chung, Mi-Seung Shin, Sung-Ji Park, Chi Young Shim, Seong Woo Han, In-Ho Chae
BACKGROUND: Gestational hypertensive diseases (GHD) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life. However, the association between gestational medical diseases and familial history of CVD has not been investigated to date. In the present study, we examined the association between familial history of CVD and GHD or GDM via reliable questionnaires in a large cohort of registered nurses. METHODS: The Korean Nurses' Survey was conducted through a web-based computer-assisted self-interview, which was developed through consultation with cardiologists, gynecologists, and statisticians...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916067/-the-value-of-fasting-plasma-glucose-and-lipid-profiles-between-7-and-15-gestational-weeks-in-the-prediction-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
M Zhao, G H Li
Objective: To explore the value of using fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and lipid profiles between 7 and 15 gestational weeks to predict gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: The medical records of 2 138 pregnant women who had prenatal care in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from August 2011 to February 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. According to results of the oral glucose tolerance tests, women were devided into the GDM group (n=240) and the normal group (n=1 898). Maternal characteristics, FPG and lipid levels between 7 and 15 gestational weeks were compared between the two groups...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914146/pregnancy-and-delivery-in-a-generalized-dystonia-patient-treated-with-internal-globus-pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-a-case-report
#8
Hye Ran Park, Jae Meen Lee, Hyeyoung Park, Chae Won Shin, Han Joon Kim, Hee Pyoung Park, Dong Gyu Kim, Beom Seok Jeon, Sun Ha Paek
Internal globus pallidus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been widely accepted as an effective treatment modality of medically refractory dystonia. However, there have been few studies regarding the safety issue of pregnancy and childbirth related with DBS. This report describes a female patient who was pregnant and delivered a baby after GPi DBS surgery. A 33-year-old female patient with acquired generalized dystonia underwent bilateral GPi DBS implantation. She obtained considerable improvement in both movement and disability after DBS implantation...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911105/associations-between-maternal-bmi-as-well-as-glucose-tolerance-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#9
Ying-Ying Li, Su-Qi Ye, Zhuo-Hui Zhong, Qiong Xu, Wei-Bi Mai, Cai-Xin Yin, Zhi-Qin Zhu, Xiao-Qian He, Qing Xiao
This retrospective, cohort study examined the association between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), independent of glucose tolerance and adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), for which there are few previous studies. Medical records from 2012 to 2015 at Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, China were reviewed for women previously diagnosed with PCOS with normal 2-h 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) results (n = 1249). The separate and joint effects of maternal BMI and glucose levels on pregnancy outcomes were assessed...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910710/management-of-a-pregnant-woman-with-thyrotropinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Carolina M Perdomo, Jorge A Árabe, Miguel Á Idoate, Juan C Galofré
INTRODUCTION: Pituitary disorders during pregnancy are uncommon. The approach should include a close follow-up in order to reduce maternal and fetal risks associated with physiological changes during pregnancy or treatment side effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a 21-year-old woman with a thyroid-stimulating hormone-secreting pituitary macroadenoma and positive antithyroid antibodies. She was initially treated using transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. The patient relapsed 17-month post-surgery...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908602/kisspeptin-and-embryo-implantation-after-icsi
#11
Zehra Jamil, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Sara Arif, Faiza Alam, Rehana Rehman
A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Australian Concept Infertility Medical Centre from June 2014 to June 2015 to relate serum kisspeptin levels on human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) day with pregnancy outcome after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A total of 176 women aged 20 to 42 years, with regular menstrual cycles, normal thyroid function and prolactin levels selected for ICSI were included in the study. Patients with uterine fibroids, metabolic disorders, short agonist and antagonist protocol were excluded...
November 18, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908330/sepsis-in-special-populations
#12
REVIEW
Matthew P Borloz, Khalief E Hamden
Sepsis is recognized by the presence of physiologic and laboratory changes that reflect the inflammatory response to infection on cellular and systemic levels. Comorbid conditions, such as cirrhosis, end-stage renal disease, and obesity, alter patients' susceptibility to infection and their response to it once present. Baseline changes in vital signs and chronic medications often mask clues to the severity of illness. The physiologic, hematologic, and biochemical adjustments that accompany pregnancy and the puerperium introduce similar challenges...
February 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908211/pheochromocytoma-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-during-pregnancy
#13
Pablo Remón-Ruiz, Alberto Aliaga-Verdugo, Raquel Guerrero-Vázquez
Pregnant women with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) have increased complications during gestation, including hypertensive disorders that are sometimes caused by pheochromocytoma. Pheochromocytoma is an extremely rare condition during pregnancy, and the main clinical manifestation is hypertension. If not properly treated, pheochromocytoma has high maternal and fetal mortality rates. Early recognition and adequate clinical management before delivery have led to better outcomes in the last few decades. Despite the association of NF-1 and pheochromocytoma, there are few clinical reports of these two conditions in pregnant patients...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907271/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-management-and-treatment-in-the-dsm-5-era
#14
Joel L Young, David W Goodman
Objective: To increase awareness of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the primary care community and to provide guidance for the management of this condition. Despite its increasing prevalence, adult ADHD largely remains underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated in the United States. The publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has provided more clear diagnostic criteria for adult ADHD, but a solid framework supporting the transition of ADHD management from pediatric to adult primary care is lacking...
November 17, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904751/association-of-serum-concentrations-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-and-risk-of-pre-eclampsia-a-case-control-study
#15
Bita Eslami, Hossein Malekafzali, Noushin Rastkari, Batool Hossein Rashidi, Abolghasem Djazayeri, Kazem Naddafi
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may contribute to pre-eclampsia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) as POPs with pre-eclampsia. METHODS: This case-control study was performed in the three general university hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Serum samples were collected from cases (n = 45) who had diagnosed with preeclampsia and from control samples (n = 70) with normal pregnancy and attended the same hospital for a routine prenatal visit at the third trimester of pregnancy...
2016: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904173/safety-of-topical-medications-for-scabies-and-lice-in-pregnancy
#16
REVIEW
Viral M Patel, W Clark Lambert, Robert A Schwartz
Medications should be employed with caution in women of childbearing age. Topical medications have little systemic absorption. Therefore, they are considered safer than oral or parenteral agents and less likely to be embryotoxic or fetotoxic. However, their safety profile must be assessed cautiously as the available data are limited. In this article, we aggregate human and animal studies to provide recommendations on using topical anti-scabies and anti-lice therapy in pregnancy.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904166/iris-an-internet-based-intervention-as-a-suitable-path-to-addictive-substance-use-prevention-and-counselling-in-pregnancy-beneficiary-profiles-and-user-satisfaction
#17
A Stiegler, H Abele, A Batra
Alcohol or tobacco consumption in pregnancy can harm the unborn child. Counselling on this subject is therefore of major importance. The aim of the presented study was not only to develop an internet based, professionally e-mail accompanied platform for alcohol or tobacco consuming pregnant women ("IRIS Platform") but also to analyse the beneficiary profiles and investigate the practicability and acceptance of the platform among women and referring gynaecologists. The offer comprised three 12-week counselling programmes (alcohol, tobacco, combined consumption)...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904001/reninoma-masked-by-the-use-of-an-angiotensin-receptor-blocker
#18
Min Jung Kim, Joo Hui Kim, Il Young Kim, Dong Won Lee, Soo Bong Lee
Reninoma is a tumor that secretes excessive renin and is a rare cause of secondary hypertension. We report a case of reninoma with delayed diagnosis in a 33-year-old woman taking an angiotensin receptor blocker. During angiotensin receptor blocker medication, she had exhibited no electrolyte abnormality. The angiotensin receptor blocker was stopped for pregnancy planning purposes, and subsequent hypokalemia was observed. Abdominal computed tomography showed an enhanced round mass in the right kidney. Right partial nephrectomy was performed and the renal mass was removed...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903039/management-of-bipolar-disorder-over-the-perinatal-period
#19
Philip Boyce, Anne Buist
BACKGROUND: Women with bipolar disorder have a high risk of relapse following childbirth. The risk of relapse can be reduced by mood stabilisers, but they are potentially harmful to the developing fetus. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to provide an up-to-date review of the strategies for managing women with bipolar disorder over the perinatal period. DISCUSSION: Discussing the risks of taking mood stabilisers or having a medication-free pregnancy is essential for women with bipolar disorder...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902848/topiramate-in-migraine-prevention-a-2016-perspective
#20
Stephen D Silberstein
BACKGROUND: In evidence-based guidelines published in 2000, topiramate was a third-tier migraine preventive with no scientific evidence of efficacy; recommendation for its use reflected consensus opinion and clinical experience. Its neurostabilizing activity, coupled with its favorable weight profile, made topiramate an attractive alternative to other migraine preventives that caused weight gain. When guidelines for migraine prevention in episodic migraine were published in 2012, topiramate was included as a first-line option based on double-blind, randomized controlled trials involving nearly 3000 patients...
November 30, 2016: Headache
keyword
keyword
117366
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"