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Aldolase b

Sajjad Karim, Jaudah A Al-Maghrabi, Hasan M A Farsi, Ahmad J Al-Sayyad, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Zeenat Mirza, Alaa A Al-Boogmi, Fai T Ashgan, Manal M Shabaad, Hend F NourEldin, Khalid B M Al-Ghamdi, Adel Abuzenadah, Adeel G A Chaudhary, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a seventh ranked malignancy with poor prognosis. RCC is lethal at metastatic stage as it does not respond to conventional systemic treatments, and there is an urgent need to find out promising novel biomarkers for effective treatment. The goal of this study was to evaluate the biomarkers that can be potential therapeutic target and predict effective inhibitors to treat the metastatic stage of RCC. METHODS: We conducted transcriptomic profiling to identify differentially expressed genes associated with RCC...
September 30, 2016: BMC Cancer
Eric Peter Thelin, David Just, Arvid Frostell, Anna Häggmark-Månberg, Mårten Risling, Mikael Svensson, Peter Nilsson, Bo-Michael Bellander
INTRODUCTION: The serum proteome following traumatic brain injury (TBI) could provide information for outcome prediction and injury monitoring. The aim with this affinity proteomic study was to identify serum proteins over time and between normoxic and hypoxic conditions in focal TBI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats (n=73) received a 3mm deep controlled cortical impact ("severe injury"). Following injury, the rats inhaled either a normoxic (22% O2) or hypoxic (11% O2) air mixture for 30minutes before resuscitation...
August 31, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Fei Zhang, Pan Zhang, Yu Zhang, Shouchuang Wang, Lianghuan Qu, Xianqing Liu, Jie Luo
Chlorophyll plays remarkable and critical roles in photosynthetic light-harvesting, energy transduction and plant development. In this study, we identified a rice Chl-deficient mutant, ygdl-1 (yellow green and droopy leaf-1), which showed yellow-green leaves throughout plant development with decreased content of Chls and carotene and an increased Chl a/b ratio. The ygdl-1 mutant also exhibited severe defects in chloroplast development, including disorganized grana stacks. Sequence analysis revealed that the mutant contained a T-DNA insertion within the promoter of a fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (OsAld-Y), which dramatically reduced the OsAld-Y mRNA level, and its identity was verified by transgenic complementation...
September 2016: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Mark A Herman, Varman T Samuel
Epidemiological studies link fructose consumption with metabolic disease, an association attributable in part to fructose-mediated lipogenesis. The mechanisms governing fructose-induced lipogenesis and disease remain debated. Acutely, fructose increases de novo lipogenesis through the efficient and uninhibited action of ketohexokinase and aldolase B which yields substrates for fatty-acid synthesis. Chronic fructose consumption further enhances the capacity for hepatic fructose metabolism by activating several key transcription factors (i...
October 2016: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
Denis Voronin, Saheed Bachu, Michael Shlossman, Thomas R Unnasch, Elodie Ghedin, Sara Lustigman
Wolbachia are endosymbiotic bacteria found in the majority of arthropods and filarial nematodes of medical and veterinary importance. They have evolved a wide range of symbiotic associations. In filarial nematodes that cause human lymphatic filariasis (Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi) or onchocerciasis (Onchocerca volvulus), Wolbachia are important for parasite development, reproduction and survival. The symbiotic bacteria rely in part on nutrients and energy sources provided by the host. Genomic analyses suggest that the strain of Wolbachia found in B...
2016: PloS One
Lena Stellmacher, Tatyana Sandalova, Sarah Schneider, Gunter Schneider, Georg A Sprenger, Anne K Samland
Transaldolase B (TalB) and D-fructose-6-phosphate aldolase A (FSAA) from Escherichia coli are C-C bond-forming enzymes. Using kinetic inhibition studies and mass spectrometry, it is shown that enzyme variants of FSAA and TalB that exhibit D-fructose-6-phosphate aldolase activity are inhibited covalently and irreversibly by D-tagatose 6-phosphate (D-T6P), whereas no inhibition was observed for wild-type transaldolase B from E. coli. The crystal structure of the variant TalB(F178Y) with bound sugar phosphate was solved to a resolution of 1...
April 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
Ernesto António Macongonde, Thais Ceresér Vilela, Giselli Scaini, Cinara Ludvig Gonçalves, Bruna Klippel Ferreira, Naithan Ludian Fernandes Costa, Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Silvio Avila Junior, Emilio Luiz Streck, Gustavo Costa Ferreira, Patrícia Fernanda Schuck
Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) is an autosomal-recessive disorder characterized by fructose and fructose-1-phosphate accumulation in tissues and biological fluids of patients. This disease results from a deficiency of aldolase B, which metabolizes fructose in the liver, kidney, and small intestine. We here investigated the effect of acute fructose administration on the activities of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes, succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), and malate dehydrogenase (MDH) in cerebral cortex, liver, kidney, and skeletal muscle of male 30-day-old Wistar rats...
2015: Disease Markers
Jaclynn Levine, Eunice Kwon, Pablo Paez, Weihong Yan, Gregg Czerwieniec, Joseph A Loo, Michael V Sofroniew, Ina-Beate Wanner
Molecular markers associated with CNS injury are of diagnostic interest. Mechanical trauma generates cellular deformation associated with membrane permeability with unknown molecular consequences. We used an in vitro model of stretch-injury and proteomic analyses to determine protein changes in murine astrocytes and their surrounding fluids. Abrupt pressure-pulse stretching resulted in the rapid release of 59 astrocytic proteins with profiles reflecting cell injury and cell death, i.e., mechanoporation and cell lysis...
May 2016: Glia
Habte-Michael Habte-Tsion, Mingchun Ren, Bo Liu, Xianping Ge, Jun Xie, Ruli Chen
A 9-week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of graded dietary threonine (Thr) levels (0.58-2.58%) on the hematological parameters, immune response, antioxidant status and hepatopancreatic gene expression of antioxidant enzymes and antioxidant-immune-cytokine-related signaling molecules in juvenile blunt snout bream. For this purpose, 3 tanks were randomly arranged and assigned to each experimental diet. Fish were fed with their respective diet to apparent satiation 4 times daily. The results indicated that white blood cell, red blood cell and haemoglobin significantly responded to graded dietary Thr levels, while hematocrit didn't...
April 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Da-Wei Huang, Wen-Chang Chang, James Swi-Bea Wu, Rui-Wen Shih, Szu-Chuan Shen
Herein, we investigated the hypoglycemic effect of plant gallic acid (GA) on glucose uptake in an insulin-resistant cell culture model and on hepatic carbohydrate metabolism in rats with a high-fructose diet (HFD)-induced diabetes. Our hypothesis is that GA ameliorates hyperglycemia via alleviating hepatic insulin resistance by suppressing hepatic inflammation and improves abnormal hepatic carbohydrate metabolism by suppressing hepatic gluconeogenesis and enhancing the hepatic glycogenesis and glycolysis pathways in HFD-induced diabetic rats...
February 2016: Nutrition Research
X B Yang, S L Wu, D P Zhu, H Wu, T Jiang, Y H Qian, F Jiao
The oligosaccharide 3-deoxy-d-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid (Kdo) is a key component of lipopolysaccharide in Gram-negative bacteria, and is also part of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan (RG-II) of the plant cell wall. The enzyme KDO-8-phosphate synthase (KDO8Ps), encoded by the 2-dehydro-3-deoxyphosphooctonate aldolase (KdsA) gene, catalyzes the first step in the synthesis of Kdo. In this study, the complete coding sequence of the KdsA gene from mulberry leaves was cloned and the primary structure of KDO8Ps was deduced...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Mozhgan Mardani-Talaee, Arash Zibaee, Gadir Nouri-Ganbalani, Vahid Rahimi, Pejman Tajmiri
Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), is an important pest of potato throughout the world. Here, the effects of six potato cultivars including 'Arinda,' 'Sprit,' 'Markiez,' 'Lotta,' 'Santae,' and 'Agria' were studied on nutritional indices, digestive enzymes, and some components involved in intermediary metabolism of L. decemlineata. Nutritional indices of the larvae and the adults were significantly different followed by feeding on various potato cultivars. The individuals fed on Agria showed the highest activity of digestive proteases although cathepsin B demonstrated same Activity on Santae and Lotta...
October 2015: Journal of Economic Entomology
María del Mar Romero, David Sabater, José Antonio Fernández-López, Xavier Remesar, Marià Alemany
Cultured adipocytes (3T3-L1) produce large amounts of 3C fragments; largely lactate, depending on medium glucose levels. Increased glycolysis has been observed also in vivo in different sites of rat white adipose tissue. We investigated whether fructose can substitute glucose as source of lactate, and, especially whether the glycerol released to the medium was of lipolytic or glycolytic origin. Fructose conversion to lactate and glycerol was lower than that of glucose. The fast exhaustion of medium glucose was unrelated to significant changes in lipid storage...
2015: PloS One
Cristian A Droppelmann, Doris E Sáez, Joel L Asenjo, Alejandro J Yáñez, Mar García-Rocha, Ilona I Concha, Manuel Grez, Joan J Guinovart, Juan C Slebe
Understanding how glucose metabolism is finely regulated at molecular and cellular levels in the liver is critical for knowing its relationship to related pathologies, such as diabetes. In order to gain insight into the regulation of glucose metabolism, we studied the liver-expressed isoforms aldolase B and fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase-1 (FBPase-1), key enzymes in gluconeogenesis, analysing their cellular localization in hepatocytes under different metabolic conditions and their protein-protein interaction in vitro and in vivo...
December 1, 2015: Biochemical Journal
Qi-Fei Tao, Sheng-Xian Yuan, Fu Yang, Sen Yang, Yuan Yang, Ji-Hang Yuan, Zhen-Guang Wang, Qing-Guo Xu, Kong-Ying Lin, Jie Cai, Jian Yu, Wei-Long Huang, Xiao-Lei Teng, Chuan-Chuan Zhou, Fang Wang, Shu-Han Sun, Wei-Ping Zhou
BACKGROUND: Downregulation of Aldolase B (ALDOB) has been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, its clinical significance and its role in pathogenesis of HCC remain largely unknown. METHODS: We analyzed the expression of ALDOB and its clinical features in a large cohort of 313 HCC patients using tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry. Moreover, the function of stably overexpressed ALDOB in HCC cells was explored in vitro and in vivo. Gene expression microarray analysis was performed on ALDOB-overexpressing SMMC7721 cells to elucidate its mechanism of action...
2015: Molecular Cancer
Ceren Alkim, Yvan Cam, Debora Trichez, Clément Auriol, Lucie Spina, Amélie Vax, François Bartolo, Philippe Besse, Jean Marie François, Thomas Walther
BACKGROUND: Ethylene glycol (EG) is a bulk chemical that is mainly used as an anti-freezing agent and a raw material in the synthesis of plastics. Production of commercial EG currently exclusively relies on chemical synthesis using fossil resources. Biochemical production of ethylene glycol from renewable resources may be more sustainable. RESULTS: Herein, a synthetic pathway is described that produces EG in Escherichia coli through the action of (D)-xylose isomerase, (D)-xylulose-1-kinase, (D)-xylulose-1-phosphate aldolase, and glycolaldehyde reductase...
2015: Microbial Cell Factories
Lugen Zuo, Yi Li, Weiming Zhu, Bo Shen, Jianfeng Gong, Zhen Guo, Wei Zhang, Rong Wu, Lili Gu, Ning Li, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in mesenteric adipose tissue (MAT) have long been recognized; however, the functional changes in the mesenteric adipocytes as well as the underlying mechanisms are not entirely clear. The aim of this study was to analyze the function and morphology of the MAT in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: The MAT specimens were obtained from areas adjacent to the intestinal wall in patients with CD (n = 33) and without CD (control, n = 23) who underwent intestinal resection...
January 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Ernesto A Macongonde, Naithan L F Costa, Bruna K Ferreira, Mairis S Biella, Marisa J S Frederico, Marcos R de Oliveira, Silvio Ávila Júnior, Fátima R M B Silva, Gustavo C Ferreira, Emilio L Streck, Patrícia F Schuck
Fructose accumulates in tissue and body fluids of patients affected by hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI), a disorder caused by the deficiency of aldolase B. We investigated the effect of acute fructose administration on the biochemical profile and on the activities of the Krebs cycle enzymes in the cerebral cortex of young rats. Rats received a subcutaneous injection of NaCl (0.9 %; control group) or fructose solution (5 μmol/g; treated group). Twelve or 24 h after the administration, the animals were euthanized and the cerebral cortices were isolated...
August 2015: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Yvan Cam, Ceren Alkim, Debora Trichez, Vincent Trebosc, Amélie Vax, François Bartolo, Philippe Besse, Jean Marie François, Thomas Walther
A synthetic pathway for (d)-xylose assimilation was stoichiometrically evaluated and implemented in Escherichia coli strains. The pathway proceeds via isomerization of (d)-xylose to (d)-xylulose, phosphorylation of (d)-xylulose to obtain (d)-xylulose-1-phosphate (X1P), and aldolytic cleavage of the latter to yield glycolaldehyde and DHAP. Stoichiometric analyses showed that this pathway provides access to ethylene glycol with a theoretical molar yield of 1. Alternatively, both glycolaldehyde and DHAP can be converted to glycolic acid with a theoretical yield that is 20% higher than for the exclusive production of this acid via the glyoxylate shunt...
July 15, 2016: ACS Synthetic Biology
Qiping Hu, Huiqiong Xie, Shuyu Zhu, Dejun Liao, Tingzheng Zhan, Dengyu Liu
Carbohydrate metabolism is the most important physiological process for Schistosoma japonicum which resides in host. However, as a key glycolytic enzyme in carbohydrate metabolism, fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (FBPA), there is no study on its enzymatic kinetics and antigenic peptides. Here, we report the gene cloning, expression, purification, and kinetics of the FBPA from S. japonicum (sjFBPA). After cloning, sjFBPA gene was introduced into pET-28a and transformed BL21, and a soluble His6-sjFBPA was expressed and purified successfully at the expected molecular mass of ~45 kDa...
September 2015: Parasitology Research
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