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Cardiovascular implantable electronic device

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502708/2017-hrs-expert-consensus-statement-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-radiation-exposure-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-devices
#1
Julia H Indik, J Rod Gimbel, Haruhiko Abe, Ricardo Alkmim-Teixeira, Ulrika Birgersdotter-Green, Geoffrey D Clarke, Timm-Michael L Dickfeld, Jerry W Froelich, Jonathan Grant, David L Hayes, Hein Heidbuchel, Salim F Idriss, Emanuel Kanal, Rachel Lampert, Christian E Machado, John M Mandrola, Saman Nazarian, Kristen K Patton, Marc A Rozner, Robert J Russo, Win-Kuang Shen, Jerold S Shinbane, Wee Siong Teo, William Uribe, Atul Verma, Bruce L Wilkoff, Pamela K Woodard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496929/management-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-focus-on-treatment-options
#2
REVIEW
Pawel Matusik, Jacek Lelakowski, Barbara Malecka, Jacek Bednarek, Remigiusz Noworolski
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is leading cardiac arrhythmia with important clinical implications. Its diagnosis is usually made on the basis on 12-lead ECG or 24-hour Holter monitoring. More and more clinical evidence supports diagnostic use of cardiac event recorders and cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED). Treatment options in patients with atrial fibrillation are extensive and are based on chosen rhythm and/or rate control strategy. The use and selected contraindications to AF related pharmacotherapy, including anticoagulants are shown...
October 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481954/minor-defects-of-the-luminal-integrity-in-arterial-introducer-esheaths-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#3
Michael Buege, Till Koehler, Ralf Heiderhoff, Marc Papenheim, Si Wang, Heinrich Schleiting, Wolfgang H Arnold, Jason R Foerst, Melchior Seyfarth, Klaus Tiroch, Thomas Riedl, Marc Vorpahl
BACKGROUND: Medical devices such as implant delivery systems are commonly used during minimally invasive procedures in the cardiovascular system. These devices often have lubricious polymer coatings to reduce friction between the device and blood vessels but coatings may separate and potentially cause serious injuries to patients. METHODS: Lubricious coated eSheaths for transcatheter heart valve implantation were assessed for luminal integrity at the proximal, medial and distal part...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480675/the-management-and-outcome-of-hospitalized-and-ambulatory-israeli-heart-failure-patients-compared-to-european-heart-failure-patients-results-from-the-esc-heart-failure-long-term-registry
#4
Avraham Shotan, Barak Zafrir, Tuvia Ben Gal, Alicia Vazan, Israel Gotsman, Offer Amir
BACKGROUND: The treatment of patients hospitalized with heart failure (HHF) and ambulatory chronic heart failure (CHF) differs in various countries. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the management and outcomes of patients with HFF and CHF in Israel compared to those in other European countries who were included in the ESC-HF Long-Term Registry. METHODS: From May 2011 to April 2013, heart failure patients - 467 Israelis and 11,973 from other countries - were evaluated...
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472412/one-year-mortality-and-costs-associated-with-surgical-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-concomitant-to-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting%C3%A2
#5
J Scott Rankin, Daniel J Lerner, Mary Jo Braid-Forbes, Michael A Ferguson, Vinay Badhwar
OBJECTIVES: While surgical ablation (SA) for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) can reduce recurrence of AF, its impact on longitudinal survival and health-care costs remains controversial. This study defines the clinical outcomes and costs associated with SA in patients with prior AF undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A total of 3745 Medicare beneficiaries with prior AF who underwent CABG in 2013 were divided into 2 groups: those with and those without concomitant SA...
May 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469453/evaluation-and-monitoring-of-patients-with-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-devices-undergoing-noncardiac-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Eduard Sklyar, Jonathan N Bella
In this article, the reader will get some insights into managing patient with implantable cardiac devices while undergoing noncardiac surgery. We will review basic concepts regarding normal function of pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators, understanding how their function will be influenced during noncardiac surgeries. You will be guided through management steps from preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative aspects. In an ever-changing world of medicine, it is important to keep up with progress as more and more patients get implantable cardiac devices...
2017: Health Services Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454777/identification-of-causative-organism-in-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infections
#7
Masato Fukunaga, Masahiko Goya, Michio Nagashima, Kenichi Hiroshima, Takashi Yamada, Yoshimori An, Kentaro Hayashi, Yu Makihara, Masatsugu Ohe, Kei Ichihashi, Morimasa Ohtsuka, Hiroaki Miyazaki, Kenji Ando
BACKGROUND: The causative organism in cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infection is usually diagnosed with the cultures from blood, removed leads, and/or infected pocket material. The cultured organism, however, is sometimes different among these samples. METHODS: Two hundred sixty patients with CIED infection, who underwent lead extraction between April 2005 and December 2014, were analyzed. More than two blood culture sets, all the extracted leads, and swab culture of the pocket were sent to the laboratory for culture...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443594/diastolic-electrocardiographic-parameters-predict-implantable-device-detected-asymptomatic-atrial-fibrillation
#8
Ahmet İlker Tekkeşin, Yalçın Velibey, Ceyhan Türkkan, Ahmet Taha Alper, Yasin Çakıllı, Tolga Sinan Güvenç, Ozan Tanık, Adnan Kaya, Özlem Yıldırımtürk, Nazmiye Özbilgin, Özge Güzelburç, Ahmet Öz, Regayip Zehir, Kadir Gürkan
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common clinically significant arrhythmia. It is now established that atrial high rate episodes (AHRE) correlate highly with AF. AIMS: Present study aimed to investigate the relation between diastolic electrocardiographic parameters and subclinical AF detected by cardiac implantable electronic devices. STUDY DESIGN: This study was cross-sectional study that included a total of 203 patients who had a DDDR pacemaker due to sinus node dysfunction...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434261/strategies-to-prevent-infections-associated-with-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-devices
#9
Bharath Raj Palraj, Saira Farid, M Rizwan Sohail
Infections involving cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED) are associated with high morbidity and mortality and substantial financial cost. In the past two decades, the rate of CIED infections has increased disproportionate to the number of devices implanted, likely due to aging patient population with multiple comorbidities. Microbial contamination of the generator pocket and or leads by skin flora at the time of implantation is a major mechanism for early CIED infections. Due to resistance to host immune cells and antibiotics caused by biofilm formation, complete removal of the device generator and leads is required to achieve cure...
May 4, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401448/the-changing-epidemiology-of-infective-endocarditis-in-the-twenty-first-century
#10
REVIEW
J Ambrosioni, M Hernandez-Meneses, A Téllez, J Pericàs, C Falces, J M Tolosana, B Vidal, M Almela, E Quintana, J Llopis, A Moreno, José M Miro
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a relatively infrequent infectious disease. It does, however, causes serious morbidity, and its mortality rate has remained unchanged at approximately 25%. Changes in IE risk factors have deeply impacted its epidemiology during recent decades but literature from low-income countries is very scarce. Moreover, prophylaxis guidelines have recently changed and the impact on IE incidence is still unknown. RECENT FINDINGS: In high-income countries, the proportion of IE related to prior rheumatic disease has decreased significantly and has been replaced proportionally by cases related to degenerative valvulopathies, prosthetic valves, and cardiovascular implantable electronic devices...
May 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386656/the-round-table-approach-in-infective-endocarditis-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-devices-infections-make-your-e-team-come-true
#11
EDITORIAL
Paola A Erba, Gilbert Habib, Andor W J M Glaudemans, Jose M Miro, Riemer H J A Slart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385671/safety-and-utility-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices
#12
Jordan B Strom, Jill B Whelan, Changyu Shen, Shuang Qi Zheng, Koenraad J Mortele, Daniel B Kramer
BACKGROUND: Off-label magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for patients with cardiac implantable electrical devices has been limited owing to concerns about safety and unclear diagnostic and prognostic utility. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to define major and minor adverse events with off-label MRI scans. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated patients with non-MRI-conditional cardiac implantable electrical devices referred for MRI scans under a strict clinical protocol...
April 3, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359169/the-management-of-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-the-growing-role-of-e-health
#13
Ewa Piotrowicz
The increasing pandemic of heart failure is becoming a serious challenge for the health care system. The medical world is searching for solutions which could decrease its scale and improve patients' quality of life and prognosis. Telemanagement of heart failure patients is a new promising option. Technical and technological platforms to perform e-Health management in heart failure patients' homes have become available. This paper's aims are to present different forms of e-Health including telecare, home monitoring of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices, remote monitoring of hemodynamic implantable devices and telerehabilitation in providing optimal long term management for heart failure patients...
April 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329125/outcomes-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device-infection-managed-with-chronic-antibiotic-suppression
#14
Eugene M Tan, Daniel C DeSimone, M Rizwan Sohail, Larry M Baddour, Walter R Wilson, James M Steckelberg, Abinash Virk
Background.: Most cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) recipients are elderly, have multiple comorbid conditions, and are at increased risk of CIED infection (CIEDI). Current guidelines recommend complete device removal in patients with CIEDI to prevent relapse and mortality. However, comorbidities or other factors may preclude device removal, thus prompting a nonsurgical approach that includes chronic antibiotic suppression (CAS). There are limited data on outcomes of patients receiving CAS for CIEDI...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319519/process-improvement-initiative-for-the-perioperative-management-of-patients-with-a-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device
#15
Margaret K Menzel Ellis, Miriam M Treggiari, Jamie M Robertson, Marc A Rozner, Peter F Graven, Michael F Aziz, Matthias J Merkel, Edward A Kahl, Norman A Cohen, Eric C Stecker, Peter M Schulman
BACKGROUND: Economic, personnel, and procedural challenges often complicate and interfere with efficient and safe perioperative care of patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). In the context of a process improvement initiative, we created and implemented a comprehensive anesthesiologist-run perioperative CIED service to respond to all routine requests for perioperative CIED consultations at a large academic medical center. This study was designed to determine whether this new care model was associated with improved operating room efficiency, reduced institutional cost, and adequate patient safety...
March 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302739/changing-landscape-of-congenital-heart-disease
#16
REVIEW
Berto J Bouma, Barbara J M Mulder
Congenital heart disease is the most frequently occurring congenital disorder affecting ≈0.8% of live births. Thanks to great efforts and technical improvements, including the development of cardiopulmonary bypass in the 1950s, large-scale repair in these patients became possible, with subsequent dramatic reduction in morbidity and mortality. The ongoing search for progress and the growing understanding of the cardiovascular system and its pathophysiology refined all aspects of care for these patients. As a consequence, survival further increased over the past decades, and a new group of patients, those who survived congenital heart disease into adulthood, emerged...
March 17, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296198/mechanical-and-microstructural-analysis-of-a-radially-expandable-vascular-conduit-for-neonatal-and-pediatric-cardiovascular-surgery
#17
Abigail E Loneker, Samuel K Luketich, Doug Bernstein, Arush Kalra, Alan W Nugent, Antonio D'Amore, Denver M Faulk
In pediatric cardiovascular surgery, there is a significant need for vascular prostheses that have the potential to grow with the patient following implantation. Current clinical options consist of nonexpanding conduits, requiring repeat surgeries as the patient outgrows the device. To address this issue, PECA Labs has developed a novel ePTFE vascular conduit with the capability of being radially expanded via balloon catheterization. In the described study, a systematic characterization and comparison of two proprietary ePTFE expandable conduits was conducted...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292753/reimplantation-and-repeat-infection-after-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infections-experience-from-the-medic-multicenter-electrophysiologic-device-infection-cohort-database
#18
Thomas A Boyle, Daniel Z Uslan, Jordan M Prutkin, Arnold J Greenspon, Larry M Baddour, Stephan B Danik, Jose M Tolosana, Katherine Le, Jose M Miro, James Peacock, Muhammad R Sohail, Holenarasipur R Vikram, Roger G Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Infection is a serious complication of cardiovascular-implantable electronic device implantation and necessitates removal of all hardware for optimal treatment. Strategies for reimplanting hardware after infection vary widely and have not previously been analyzed using a large, multicenter study. METHODS AND RESULTS: The MEDIC (Multicenter Electrophysiologic Device Infection Cohort) prospectively enrolled subjects with cardiovascular-implantable electronic device infections at multiple institutions in the United States and abroad between 2009 and 2012...
March 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229483/venous-hemodialysis-catheters-and-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-avoiding-a-high-risk-combination
#19
EDITORIAL
Theodore F Saad, Henry L Weiner
End-stage renal disease is frequently accompanied by cardiac comorbidity that warrants treatment with a cardiovascular implantable electronic device (permanent pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator). In the United States, chronic hemodialysis (HD) population, cardiac implantable devices are present in up to 10.5% of patients; a venous HD catheter is utilized for blood access in 18% of prevalent patients. The concomitant presence of a venous HD catheter and cardiovascular implantable device creates a high-risk circumstance, with potential for causing symptomatic central venous stenosis, and for developing complicated endovascular infection...
May 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225684/assessing-the-risks-associated-with-mri-in-patients-with-a-pacemaker-or-defibrillator
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Robert J Russo, Heather S Costa, Patricia D Silva, Jeffrey L Anderson, Aysha Arshad, Robert W W Biederman, Noel G Boyle, Jennifer V Frabizzio, Ulrika Birgersdotter-Green, Steven L Higgins, Rachel Lampert, Christian E Machado, Edward T Martin, Andrew L Rivard, Jason C Rubenstein, Raymond H M Schaerf, Jennifer D Schwartz, Dipan J Shah, Gery F Tomassoni, Gail T Tominaga, Allison E Tonkin, Seth Uretsky, Steven D Wolff
BACKGROUND: The presence of a cardiovascular implantable electronic device has long been a contraindication for the performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We established a prospective registry to determine the risks associated with MRI at a magnetic field strength of 1.5 tesla for patients who had a pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) that was "non-MRI-conditional" (i.e., not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for MRI scanning). METHODS: Patients in the registry were referred for clinically indicated nonthoracic MRI at a field strength of 1...
February 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
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