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preterm birth depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924356/comparison-of-two-common-aeeg-classifications-for-the-prediction-of-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-preterm-infants
#1
Nora Bruns, Frauke Dransfeld, Britta Hüning, Julia Hobrecht, Tobias Storbeck, Christel Weiss, Ursula Felderhoff-Müser, Hanna Müller
: Neurodevelopmental outcome after prematurity is crucial. The aim was to compare two amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) classifications (Hellström-Westas (HW), Burdjalov) for outcome prediction. We recruited 65 infants ≤32 weeks gestational age with aEEG recordings within the first 72 h of life and Bayley testing at 24 months corrected age or death. Statistical analyses were performed for each 24 h section to determine whether very immature/depressed or mature/developed patterns predict survival/neurological outcome and to find predictors for mental development index (MDI) and psychomotor development index (PDI) at 24 months corrected age...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899401/neonatal-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-health-and-educational-outcomes-of-children-exposed-to-antidepressants-and-maternal-depression-during-pregnancy-protocol-for-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-administrative-data
#2
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Chelsea Ruth, Laurence Y Katz
INTRODUCTION: Antidepressants are commonly prescribed during pregnancy; however, there are inconsistent data on the safety of these medications during the prenatal period. To address this gap, this study will investigate short-term and long-term neurodevelopmental, physical and mental health, and educational outcomes of children who have been exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) and/or maternal depression during pregnancy...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890829/antenatal-exposure-to-antidepressants-is-associated-with-altered-brain-development-in-very-preterm-born-neonates
#3
Samantha K Podrebarac, Emma G Duerden, Vann Chau, Ruth E Grunau, Anne Synnes, Tim F Oberlander, Steven P Miller
BACKGROUND: Antenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) is associated with an enhanced risk of preterm birth. Very preterm-born neonates (<32-week gestation) antenatally-exposed to SSRIs may show altered brain development. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether antenatal-SSRI exposure was associated with adverse neonatal brain microstructural and metabolic development using diffusion tensor and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. DESIGN/METHODS: Of 177 neonates enrolled, 14 (8%) were antenatally exposed to SSRIs...
November 25, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888392/factors-associated-with-the-quality-of-life-of-mothers-of-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#4
M R S Moura, C G A Araújo, M M Prado, H B M S Paro, R M C Pinto, V O S Abdallah, T M S Mendonça, C H M Silva
AIM: To analyze possible factors associated with the quality of life (QoL) of mothers of preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) during the first 3 years after delivery. METHODS: The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-bref scores were compared and correlated with maternal and infant-related sociodemographic and clinical variables at maternal discharge (T0) and at 6 (T1), 12 (T2), 24 (T3), and 36 (T4) months after delivery. Multiple linear regression models were fitted to investigate the effect of these variables on the mothers' QoL...
November 25, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879500/implications-of-preterm-birth-for-maternal-mental-health-and-infant-development
#5
Cheryl Anderson, Priscila Cacola
Preterm birth remains a major contributor to infant mortality and morbidity including neurodevelopmental delay and childhood disability. Mothers experiencing a preterm birth are at risk for maternal mental health issues, inclusive of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which may affect mother-infant attachment and infant development. Depression and PTSD, frequently comorbid, following preterm birth and relationships between these symptoms, maternal-infant attachment, and infant development are reviewed...
November 22, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860117/development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-epilepsy-in-pregnancy-e-core-a-national-multi-stakeholder-modified-delphi-consensus-study
#6
B H Al Wattar, K Tamilselvan, R Khan, A Kelso, A Sinha, A M Pirie, D McCorry, K S Khan, S Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of core outcomes for studies on pregnant women with epilepsy. DESIGN: Delphi consensus study. POPULATION: Healthcare professionals, and patient representatives with lived experience of epilepsy in the UK. METHODS: We used a modified Delphi method and a consultation meeting to achieve consensus. Potential outcomes were identified by systematic review, and were scored using a Likert scale anchored between 1 (least important) and 5 (most important)...
November 16, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855105/impact-of-preterm-birth-on-maternal-well-being-and-women-s-perceptions-of-their-baby-a-population-based-survey
#7
Jane Henderson, Claire Carson, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: Approximately 15 million babies were born preterm worldwide in 2010 and in England in 2014 there were 52 249 preterm births. Preterm babies are at increased risk of poor outcomes and this can put enormous strain on the family. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that giving birth preterm affects maternal health, mood and well-being, and alters women's feelings and perceptions about their baby. METHODS: Data collected in a population-based survey of maternity care in England in 2014 were used...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834786/use-of-naloxone-to-minimize-extubation-failure-after-premedication-for-insure-procedure-in-preterm-neonates
#8
A Elmekkawi, D Abdelgadir, J Van Dyk, J Choudhury, M Dunn
OBJECTIVES: A new guideline for the early respiratory management of preterm infants was recently introduced in our NICU. This case series describes the clinical courses of a group of preterm infants managed according to this guideline, and reports the rates of successful extubation within 30 minutes of surfactant administration with and without the use of naloxone and adverse events encountered. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive case series of all preterm babies admitted to our unit who were candidates for INSURE procedure with premedication from August 2012 to August 2013...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755063/the-built-environment-and-birth-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#9
Alexandra L Nowak, Carmen Giurgescu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to report findings of published studies of the relationships between poor-quality built environments and negative birth outcomes. METHOD: Quantitative studies measuring various aspects of the built environment including property damage, housing damage, physical disorder, physical incivilities, nuisance, vacancy, tenure, occupancy, and structural deterioration and their effects on birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age were identified using Scopus, PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728996/social-stress-predicts-preterm-birth-in-twin-pregnancies
#10
David J Owen, Lorna Wood, Barbara Tomenson, Francis Creed, James P Neilson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether stress, anxiety and depression predict preterm birth in twin pregnancies. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a convenience sample of women pregnant with dichorionic, diamniotic twins. They were interviewed at 24-28 weeks using the Life Events and Difficulties Schedule and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Corticotrophin-releasing hormone, ACTH and cortisol levels were assessed at 28 weeks. The main outcome was premature delivery; there were 42 preterm and 73 term births...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704384/neighborhood-context-and-preterm-delivery-among-african-american-women-the-mediating-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#11
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Carmen Giurgescu, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Cleopatra Caldwell, Dawn Misra
Preterm delivery (PTD), or birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation, is a serious public health issue, and racial disparities persist. In a recently published study, perceptions of the residential environment (or neighborhood context) were associated with PTD rates among urban African American women with low educational attainment (≤12 years); however, the mechanisms of these associations are unknown. Given this gap in the literature, we used data from the Life Influences on Fetal Environments Study of postpartum African American women from Metropolitan Detroit, Michigan (2009-2011; n = 399), to examine whether psychosocial factors (depressive symptomology, psychological distress, and perceived stress) mediate associations between perceptions of the neighborhood context and PTD...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693982/prenatal-betamethasone-exposure-and-psychopathology-risk-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-in-the-third-and-fourth-decades-of-life
#12
Calan Savoy, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates among extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants have declined since the advent of antenatal glucocorticoid use. However, the long term neuropsychiatric effects of exposure are not well understood. We utilized the world's oldest longitudinally followed cohort of ELBW survivors to compare psychopathology over two decades in adulthood in those exposed to prenatal betamethasone and those who were not. METHODS: ELBW survivors (n=179) and matched normal birth weight (NBW) controls (n=145) completed the Young Adult Self-Report questionnaire at 22-26 and 29-36 years, and the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories at 29-36 years...
September 28, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581004/the-relationships-of-health-behaviour-and-psychological-characteristics-with-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-nulliparous-women
#13
Ruth Baron, Saskia J Te Velde, Martijn W Heymans, Trudy Klomp, Eileen K Hutton, Johannes Brug
Objectives Preterm birth is the leading pregnancy outcome associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality and remains difficult to prevent. There is evidence that some modifiable maternal health characteristics may influence the risk of preterm birth. Our aim was to investigate the relationships of self-reported maternal health behaviour and psychological characteristics in nulliparous women with spontaneous preterm birth in prenatal primary care. Methods The data of our prospective study was obtained from the nationwide DELIVER multicentre cohort study (September 2009-March 2011), which was designed to examine perinatal primary care in the Netherlands...
August 31, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533332/the-relationship-between-infant-feeding-outcomes-and-maternal-emotional-well-being-among-mothers-of-late-preterm-and-term-infants-a-secondary-exploratory-analysis
#14
Kristin P Tully, Diane Holditch-Davis, Susan Silva, Debra Brandon
BACKGROUND: Late preterm birth is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding and earlier breastfeeding cessation than term birth. PURPOSE: The objectives of this secondary analysis were to compare the incidence of exclusive breastfeeding after late preterm and term childbirth and to examine the association between infant feeding outcomes and maternal emotional well-being. METHODS: Participants were 105 mother-infant dyads (54 late preterm and 51 term) at a southeastern US medical center...
August 16, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512475/insomnia-and-sleep-deficiency-in-pregnancy
#15
REVIEW
Cristina A Reichner
Insomnia and sleep deficiency in pregnancy are very common with most women reporting sleep disturbances during pregnancy. Insomnia and sleep deficiency are also more prevalent as pregnancy progresses, possibly related to pregnancy-related physical symptoms or discomfort. There is increasing evidence indicating that these sleep problems may be associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes such as depressive symptoms, increased pain during labor, more Caesarean sections, preterm birth, and low birth weight...
December 2015: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428766/evolution-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-parents-of-very-preterm-infants-during-the-newborn-period
#16
Carmen C Pace, Alicia J Spittle, Charlotte M-L Molesworth, Katherine J Lee, Elisabeth A Northam, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Peter G Davis, Lex W Doyle, Karli Treyvaud, Peter J Anderson
IMPORTANCE: Mothers experience heightened depression and anxiety following very preterm (VPT) birth, but how these symptoms evolve during the first months after birth is unknown. Research on the psychological adjustment of fathers following VPT birth is limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe the trajectory and predictors of distress in parents of VPT infants during the first 12 weeks after birth, and to compare rates of depression and anxiety in parents of VPT infants with those in parents of healthy full-term (FT) infants shortly after birth and at 6 months' postnatal age...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423065/are-pregnancy-planning-and-pregnancy-timing-associated-with-maternal-psychiatric-illness-psychological-distress-and-support-during-pregnancy
#17
Aileen M Gariepy, Lisbet S Lundsberg, Devin Miller, Nancy L Stanwood, Kimberly A Yonkers
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy planning and timing may be associated with psychiatric illness, psychological distress and support during pregnancy. METHODS: We performed secondary analyses of a prospective cohort of 2654 pregnant women evaluating the impact of depression on preterm birth. We used multivariable logistic regression to test associations between pregnancy planning ("Was this pregnancy planned? Yes/No") and/or timing ("Do you think this is a good time for you to be pregnant?") with Composite International Diagnostic Interview generated psychiatric diagnoses and measures of psychological distress and support...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405771/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-breastfeeding
#18
Chelsea O McKinney, Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, P Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Sharon L Ramey, Julie Krohn, Maxine Reed-Vance, Tonse N K Raju, Madeleine U Shalowitz
OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding rates differ among racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Our aim was to test whether racial/ethnic disparities in demographic characteristics, hospital use of infant formula, and family history of breastfeeding mediated racial/ethnic gaps in breastfeeding outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Community and Child Health Network study (N = 1636). Breastfeeding initiation, postnatal intent to breastfeed, and breastfeeding duration were assessed postpartum...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401423/interconception-care-for-mothers-during-well-child-visits-with-family-physicians-an-implicit-network-study
#19
Stephanie E Rosener, Wendy B Barr, Daniel J Frayne, Joshua H Barash, Megan E Gross, Ian M Bennett
PURPOSE: Interconception care (ICC) is recommended to improve birth outcomes by targeting maternal risk factors, but little is known about its implementation. We evaluated the frequency and nature of ICC delivered to mothers at well-child visits and maternal receptivity to these practices. METHODS: We surveyed a convenience sample of mothers accompanying their child to well-child visits at family medicine academic practices in the IMPLICIT (Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants Through Continuous Improvement Techniques) Network...
July 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399608/the-influence-of-multiple-birth-and-bereavement-on-maternal-and-family-outcomes-2-and-7years-after-very-preterm-birth
#20
Karli Treyvaud, Andrea C Aldana, Shannon E Scratch, Alexandra M Ure, Carmen C Pace, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress has been reported by mothers of infants born very preterm (VPT) and by mothers of multiples (twins and triplets). This study examined the influence of i) multiple birth and ii) bereavement associated with a multifetal pregnancy, on mental health, parenting stress and family functioning for mothers of children born VPT across early childhood. METHODS: Participants were 162 mothers of 194 infants (129 singletons, 65 multiples) born at <30weeks' gestation or with a birth weight<1250g who completed questionnaires when their children were two and seven years corrected age...
September 2016: Early Human Development
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