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preterm birth depression

Alexandra L Nowak, Carmen Giurgescu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to report findings of published studies of the relationships between poor-quality built environments and negative birth outcomes. METHOD: Quantitative studies measuring various aspects of the built environment including property damage, housing damage, physical disorder, physical incivilities, nuisance, vacancy, tenure, occupancy, and structural deterioration and their effects on birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age were identified using Scopus, PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases...
October 13, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
David J Owen, Lorna Wood, Barbara Tomenson, Francis Creed, James P Neilson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether stress, anxiety and depression predict preterm birth in twin pregnancies. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a convenience sample of women pregnant with dichorionic, diamniotic twins. They were interviewed at 24-28 weeks using the Life Events and Difficulties Schedule and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Corticotrophin-releasing hormone, ACTH and cortisol levels were assessed at 28 weeks. The main outcome was premature delivery; there were 42 preterm and 73 term births...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Carmen Giurgescu, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Cleopatra Caldwell, Dawn Misra
Preterm delivery (PTD), or birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation, is a serious public health issue, and racial disparities persist. In a recently published study, perceptions of the residential environment (or neighborhood context) were associated with PTD rates among urban African American women with low educational attainment (≤12 years); however, the mechanisms of these associations are unknown. Given this gap in the literature, we used data from the Life Influences on Fetal Environments Study of postpartum African American women from Metropolitan Detroit, Michigan (2009-2011; n = 399), to examine whether psychosocial factors (depressive symptomology, psychological distress, and perceived stress) mediate associations between perceptions of the neighborhood context and PTD...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Calan Savoy, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates among extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants have declined since the advent of antenatal glucocorticoid use. However, the long term neuropsychiatric effects of exposure are not well understood. We utilized the world's oldest longitudinally followed cohort of ELBW survivors to compare psychopathology over two decades in adulthood in those exposed to prenatal betamethasone and those who were not. METHODS: ELBW survivors (n=179) and matched normal birth weight (NBW) controls (n=145) completed the Young Adult Self-Report questionnaire at 22-26 and 29-36 years, and the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories at 29-36 years...
September 28, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Ruth Baron, Saskia J Te Velde, Martijn W Heymans, Trudy Klomp, Eileen K Hutton, Johannes Brug
Objectives Preterm birth is the leading pregnancy outcome associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality and remains difficult to prevent. There is evidence that some modifiable maternal health characteristics may influence the risk of preterm birth. Our aim was to investigate the relationships of self-reported maternal health behaviour and psychological characteristics in nulliparous women with spontaneous preterm birth in prenatal primary care. Methods The data of our prospective study was obtained from the nationwide DELIVER multicentre cohort study (September 2009-March 2011), which was designed to examine perinatal primary care in the Netherlands...
August 31, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kristin P Tully, Diane Holditch-Davis, Susan Silva, Debra Brandon
BACKGROUND: Late preterm birth is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding and earlier breastfeeding cessation than term birth. PURPOSE: The objectives of this secondary analysis were to compare the incidence of exclusive breastfeeding after late preterm and term childbirth and to examine the association between infant feeding outcomes and maternal emotional well-being. METHODS: Participants were 105 mother-infant dyads (54 late preterm and 51 term) at a southeastern US medical center...
August 16, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Cristina A Reichner
Insomnia and sleep deficiency in pregnancy are very common with most women reporting sleep disturbances during pregnancy. Insomnia and sleep deficiency are also more prevalent as pregnancy progresses, possibly related to pregnancy-related physical symptoms or discomfort. There is increasing evidence indicating that these sleep problems may be associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes such as depressive symptoms, increased pain during labor, more Caesarean sections, preterm birth, and low birth weight...
December 2015: Obstetric Medicine
Carmen C Pace, Alicia J Spittle, Charlotte M-L Molesworth, Katherine J Lee, Elisabeth A Northam, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Peter G Davis, Lex W Doyle, Karli Treyvaud, Peter J Anderson
IMPORTANCE: Mothers experience heightened depression and anxiety following very preterm (VPT) birth, but how these symptoms evolve during the first months after birth is unknown. Research on the psychological adjustment of fathers following VPT birth is limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe the trajectory and predictors of distress in parents of VPT infants during the first 12 weeks after birth, and to compare rates of depression and anxiety in parents of VPT infants with those in parents of healthy full-term (FT) infants shortly after birth and at 6 months' postnatal age...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Aileen M Gariepy, Lisbet S Lundsberg, Devin Miller, Nancy L Stanwood, Kimberly A Yonkers
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy planning and timing may be associated with psychiatric illness, psychological distress and support during pregnancy. METHODS: We performed secondary analyses of a prospective cohort of 2654 pregnant women evaluating the impact of depression on preterm birth. We used multivariable logistic regression to test associations between pregnancy planning ("Was this pregnancy planned? Yes/No") and/or timing ("Do you think this is a good time for you to be pregnant?") with Composite International Diagnostic Interview generated psychiatric diagnoses and measures of psychological distress and support...
June 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Chelsea O McKinney, Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, P Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Sharon L Ramey, Julie Krohn, Maxine Reed-Vance, Tonse N K Raju, Madeleine U Shalowitz
OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding rates differ among racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Our aim was to test whether racial/ethnic disparities in demographic characteristics, hospital use of infant formula, and family history of breastfeeding mediated racial/ethnic gaps in breastfeeding outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Community and Child Health Network study (N = 1636). Breastfeeding initiation, postnatal intent to breastfeed, and breastfeeding duration were assessed postpartum...
August 2016: Pediatrics
Stephanie E Rosener, Wendy B Barr, Daniel J Frayne, Joshua H Barash, Megan E Gross, Ian M Bennett
PURPOSE: Interconception care (ICC) is recommended to improve birth outcomes by targeting maternal risk factors, but little is known about its implementation. We evaluated the frequency and nature of ICC delivered to mothers at well-child visits and maternal receptivity to these practices. METHODS: We surveyed a convenience sample of mothers accompanying their child to well-child visits at family medicine academic practices in the IMPLICIT (Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants Through Continuous Improvement Techniques) Network...
July 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
Karli Treyvaud, Andrea C Aldana, Shannon E Scratch, Alexandra M Ure, Carmen C Pace, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress has been reported by mothers of infants born very preterm (VPT) and by mothers of multiples (twins and triplets). This study examined the influence of i) multiple birth and ii) bereavement associated with a multifetal pregnancy, on mental health, parenting stress and family functioning for mothers of children born VPT across early childhood. METHODS: Participants were 162 mothers of 194 infants (129 singletons, 65 multiples) born at <30weeks' gestation or with a birth weight<1250g who completed questionnaires when their children were two and seven years corrected age...
September 2016: Early Human Development
A C Eke, G Saccone, V Berghella
BACKGROUND: Depression is a prevalent condition in pregnancy affecting about 10% of women. Maternal depression has been associated with an increase in preterm births (PTB), low birthweight and fetal growth restriction, and postnatal complications. Available treatments for depressive disorders are psychotherapeutic interventions and antidepressant medications including selective serotonin inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRI use during pregnancy has been associated with several fetal and neonatal complications; so far, however, the risk of PTB in women using SSRIs during pregnancy is still a subject of debate...
May 30, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Stavros I Iliadis, Sara Sylvén, Charlotte Hellgren, Jocelien D Olivier, Dick Schijven, Erika Comasco, George P Chrousos, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Alkistis Skalkidou
BACKGROUND: Peripartum depression is a common cause of pregnancy- and postpartum-related morbidity. The production of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) from the placenta alters the profile of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones and may be associated with postpartum depression. The purpose of this study was to assess, in nondepressed pregnant women, the possible association between CRH levels in pregnancy and depressive symptoms postpartum. METHODS: A questionnaire containing demographic data and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was filled in gestational weeks 17 and 32, and 6 week postpartum...
May 27, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
Kholoud Arab, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Andrea Spence, Haim A Abenhaim
INTRODUCTION: The study objective was to examine obstetrical outcomes of pregnancy among human immunodeficiency virus positive patients (HIV+). METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2003-2011). Pregnant HIV+ women were identified and compared to pregnant women without HIV. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the adjusted effect of HIV status on obstetrical outcomes. RESULTS: Among 7,772,999 births over the 9-year study period, 1,997 were in HIV+ women, resulting in an incidence of 25...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Julia Martini, Eva Asselmann, Franziska Einsle, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
This study aimed to investigate the relation between anxiety disorders prior to pregnancy and specific pregnancy- and child-related fears during pregnancy and after delivery. 306 expectant mothers were interviewed regarding anxiety (and depressive) disorders prior to pregnancy and pregnancy- and child-related fears (e.g. fear of labor pain, fear of infant injury) using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for Women (CIDI-V). Pregnancy- and child-related fears were particularly pronounced in women with multiple anxiety disorders and women with comorbid anxiety and depressive disorders prior to pregnancy...
May 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Pamela J Maxson, Sharon E Edwards, Ellis M Valentiner, Marie Lynn Miranda
Objectives Domains of psychosocial health have been separately connected to pregnancy outcomes. This study explores the relationship between five domains of psychosocial health and their joint association with prenatal health and pregnancy outcomes. Methods Women from a prospective cohort study in Durham, North Carolina were clustered based on measures of paternal support, perceived stress, social support, depression, and self-efficacy. Clusters were constructed using the K-means algorithm. We examined associations between psychosocial health and maternal health correlates, pregnancy intention, and pregnancy outcomes using Chi square tests and multivariable models...
June 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Shwu-Ru Liou, Panchalli Wang, Ching-Yu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects of maternal mental distress during pregnancy have been extensively investigated, but the impact of prenatal maternal mental distress at various time periods during pregnancy on birth outcomes is rarely discussed. By understanding the relationship between maternal mental distress and unfavourable birth outcomes throughout pregnancy, appropriate evidence-based preventative care or intervention may be adopted in a timely manner. AIM: This study intended to investigate the effects of maternal stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms across pregnancy on preterm birth and low birth weight...
August 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Kartik K Venkatesh, Laura Riley, Victor M Castro, Roy H Perlis, Anjali J Kaimal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of antenatal depression symptoms with preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: This was an observational cohort study conducted among women who completed Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale screening and delivered at 20 weeks of gestation or greater. The primary outcomes were preterm birth and an SGA neonate at birth (less than 10th percentile for gestational age); the primary predictor was an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale antepartum score of 10 or greater, indicating symptoms of depression...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ingrid Marie Husby, Kaia Mølbach-Thellefsen Stray, Alexander Olsen, Stian Lydersen, Marit Sæbø Indredavik, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Jon Skranes, Kari Anne I Evensen
BACKGROUND: Being born with very low birth weight (VLBW: ≤ 1,500 g) is related to long-term disability and neurodevelopmental problems, possibly affecting mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, studies in young adulthood yield mixed findings. The aim of this study was to examine mental health and HRQoL at 23 years, including changes from 20 to 23 years and associations with motor skills in VLBW young adults compared with controls. METHODS: In a geographically based follow-up study, 35 VLBW and 37 term-born young adults were assessed at 23 years by using Achenbach Adult Self-Report (ASR), Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and various motor tests...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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