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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031998/dominant-foot-could-affect-the-postural-control-in-vestibular-neuritis-perceived-by-dynamic-body-balance
#1
Tomoe Yoshida, Toshitake Tanaka, Yuya Tamura, Masahiko Yamamoto, Mitsuya Suzuki
During attacks of vestibular neuritis (VN), patients typically lose postural balance, with resultant postural inclination, gait deviation toward the lesion side, and tendency to fall. In this study, we examined and analyzed static and dynamic postural control during attacks of VN to characterize differences in postural control between right and left VN. Subjects were patients diagnosed with VN at the Department of Otolaryngology, Toho University Sakura Medical Center, and underwent in-patient treatment. Twenty-five patients who had spontaneous nystagmus were assessed within 3days after the onset; all were right-foot dominant...
October 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019531/development-and-evaluation-of-low-cost-walker-with-trunk-support-for-senior-citizen
#2
Paloma Hohmann Poier, Francisco Godke, José Aguiomar Foggiatto, Leandra Ulbricht
OBJECTIVE: Develop and evaluate a low-cost walker with trunk support for senior citizens. METHOD: Two-stage descriptive study: development of a walker with trunk support and evaluation with fourth age senior citizens. RESULTS: Twenty-three fourth age senior citizens were selected. The evaluated criteria were the immediate influence of the walker on the static stabilometry with baropodometer and the evaluation of gait with accelerometers monitoring time and amplitude of the hip movement...
October 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923375/the-feldenkrais-method-improves-functioning-and-body-balance-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-in-supported-employment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Jon Torres-Unda, Vanesa Polo, Iratxe Dunabeitia, Iraia Bidaurrazaga-Letona, María García-Gil, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Jon Irazusta
Loss of functioning and age-related health problems tend to appear earlier in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) than in their non-disabled peers. The Feldenkrais method (FM) is a movement-based form of learning that enhances body balance and physical functioning. We carried out an intervention based on Awareness Through Movement, a form of the FM. Thirty-two middle-aged (48.94±6.01years old) adults with ID who were in supported employment were recruited and randomly assigned to the experimental group (EG) or control group (CG)...
September 15, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872158/stabilometric-findings-in-patients-affected-by-organic-dysphonia-before-and-after-phonomicrosurgery
#4
A Nacci, S O Romeo, S Berrettini, J Matteucci, M D Cavaliere, V Mancini, E Panicucci, F Ursino, B Fattori
The purpose of this study is to understand if there is any alteration in the posture of patients affected by organic dysphonia and describe possible postural modifications after phonomicrosurgery on the vocal folds. Forty subjects (22 males, 18 females; mean age 32.6 ± 7.5 years) suffering from organic dysphonia (15 cases of polyps, 11 submucosal retention cysts, 10 bilateral fibrous vocal fold nodules and 4 bilateral Reinke's oedema) were examined by open-eye and closed-eye posturography while breathing spontaneously before surgery, 24 hours after surgery and after 6 months...
August 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866454/gait-abnormalities-of-copd-are-not-directly-related-to-respiratory-function
#5
Paola Morlino, Bruno Balbi, Simone Guglielmetti, Marica Giardini, Margherita Grasso, Chiara Giordano, Marco Schieppati, Antonio Nardone
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess whether gait abnormalities in COPD depend on mere impairment of respiratory function. METHODS: In 40 patients with COPD at different GOLD stages and 28 controls, we evaluated: forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1); partial pressure of oxygen; Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE); dynamic balance through the Mini-BESTest (MBT); Timed Up and Go (TUG) test without and with dual task counting aloud back by three; 6-min walk test (6MWT); body sway during quiet stance (stabilometry); spatial-temporal variables of gait by a 4-m long sensorized walkway (baropodometry)...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688530/japanese-standard-for-clinical-stabilometry-assessment-current-status-and-future-directions
#6
REVIEW
Masahiko Yamamoto, Kazuo Ishikawa, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Keisuke Mizuta, Yatsuji Ito, Masatsugu Asai, Hideo Shojaku, Toshiaki Yamanaka, Chisato Fujimoto, Toshihisa Murofushi, Tomoe Yoshida
Stabilometry is a useful tool for examining patients with functional disorders of the vestibular system. However, measurement techniques and devices vary by country. Therefore, international standardization of stabilometry is mandatory to validate the exchange of important findings. This was advocated at the 1983 Posturography Meeting in Kyoto but has not been adopted worldwide, and each country has continued to use unique regional measurement methods. In Japan, stabilometry has widespread application in medical practice in conjunction with research into its applications...
July 5, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601564/angle-of-gaze-and-optic-flow-direction-modulate-body-sway
#7
Milena Raffi, Alessandro Piras, Michela Persiani, Monica Perazzolo, Salvatore Squatrito
Optic flow is a crucial signal in maintaining postural stability. We sought to investigate whether the activity of postural muscles and body sway was modulated by eye position during the view of radial optic flow stimuli. We manipulated the spatial distribution of dot speed and the fixation point position to simulate specific heading directions combined with different gaze positions. The experiments were performed using stabilometry and surface electromyography (EMG) on 24 right-handed young, healthy volunteers...
August 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537418/short-term-changes-in-algometry-inclinometry-stabilometry-and-urinary-ph-analysis-after-a-thoracolumbar-junction-manipulation-in-patients-with-kidney-stones
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ángel Oliva Pascual-Vaca, Ramón Punzano-Rodríguez, Pablo Escribá-Astaburuaga, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, François Ricard, Maria Angeles Franco-Sierra, Cleofás Rodríguez-Blanco
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of a high-velocity low-amplitude manipulation of the thoracolumbar junction in different urologic and musculoskeletal parameters in subjects suffering from renal lithiasis. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled blinded clinical study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: The Nephrology departments of two hospitals and one private consultancy of physiotherapy in Valencia (Spain). SUBJECTS: Forty-six patients suffering from renal lithiasis...
August 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532871/stabilometric-analysis-of-the-effect-of-postural-insoles-on-static-balance-in-patients-with-hemiparesis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Luiz Alfredo Braun Ferreira, Manuela Galli, Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Verônica Cimolin, Claudia Santos Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the main causes of disability among adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of postural insoles on static balance in individuals with stroke. METHODS: Twenty-four strokes survivors with hemiparesis were recruited from the rehabilitation clinics of the university and randomly allocated to two groups: experimental and control group. The subjects were analyzed for stabilometry, immediately following insole placement and after three months of insole usage, with eyes open and eyes closed...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527234/impaired-postural-balance-correlates-with-complex-walking-performance-in-mildly-disabled-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
John Brincks, Elisabeth Due Andersen, Henrik Sørensen, Ulrik Dalgas
BACKGROUND: It is relevant to understand the possible influence of impaired postural balance on walking performance in multiple sclerosis (MS) gait rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: We expected associations between impaired postural balance and complex walking performance in mildly disabled persons with MS, but not in healthy controls. METHODS: Thirteen persons with MS (Expanded Disability Status Scale = 2.5) and 13 healthy controls' walking performance were measured at fast walking speed, Timed Up & Go and Timed 25 Feet Walking...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476511/training-of-support-afferentation-in-postmenopausal-women
#11
O M Bazanova, N V Kholodina, E D Nikolenko, J Payet
We have recently shown a diminishing of the Menopause Index in old-aged women who underwent special training directed at the enhancement of support afferentation by increasing the plantar forefoot sensitivity (Bazanova et al., 2015). Based on these results we hypothesized, that purposeful training of support afferentation through stimulation of plantar graviceptors by Aikido practice will decrease excessive postural and psychoemotional tension not only in rest condition, but during cognitive and manual task performance too...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131873/immobility-reactions-under-threat-a-contribution-to-human-defensive-cascade-and-ptsd
#12
REVIEW
E Volchan, V Rocha-Rego, A F Bastos, J M Oliveira, C Franklin, S Gleiser, W Berger, G G L Souza, L Oliveira, I A David, F S Erthal, M G Pereira, I Figueira
Violence exacts a burden on public health. Gun violence is a major trigger for motor defensive reactions in humans and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is its main psychiatric sequela. However, studies of the human defensive cascade, especially the motor reactions, are at an early stage. This review focuses on studies that employ stabilometry, a methodology that assesses whole body motor reactions, to address defensive behaviors to violence-related threats. Special attention is given to three reactions: "attentive immobility", "immobility under attack" and "tonic immobility", with emphasis on the latter - a peritraumatic reaction which has been strongly associated with the severity of PTSD...
May 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905392/-clinical-and-stabilometric-restructuring-of-patients-stability-during-balance-therapy-from-the-first-days-of-ischemic-stroke
#13
E A Plishkina, B N Bein
AIM: To study the process of recovery of postural function during stabilometric training with biofeedback (BFB) in patients with ischemic carotid stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent 10-day stabilometric training from the onset of stroke. Clinical and stabilometric parameters were assessed at 4 points: at baseline, after 5 sessions, after 10 sessions and after 3-4 months in the early recovery stage after discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: There was no correlation between the positive regress of neurologic symptoms and trends of stabilometry indicators...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905365/-gait-disorders-and-postural-instability-in-patients-with-an-essential-tremor
#14
S V Vasichkin, O S Levin
AIM: To study gait disorders and postural instability in patients with essential tremor (ET). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients with ET, aged from 29 to 82 years, (mean 64.2±13.0) were examined. Tandem walk, tremor, stability and stabilometry were studied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A half of the patients had gait disorders and postural instability. Though these disorders were mild to moderate, they caused significant subjective discomfort and influenced quality of life...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801408/-the-regulation-of-balance-in-the-children-presenting-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-following-the-treatment-with-the-use-of-the-locomotor-training-in-combination-with-the-electrical-stimulation-of-leg-muscles-and-spinal-cord
#15
I E Nikityuk, T R Moshonkina, Yu P Gerasimenko, S V Vissarionov, A G Baindurashvili
One of the cerebral palsy (CP) symptoms is the impairment of the ability to maintain upright standing. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the locomotor training combined with electrical transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (TSCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the muscles to facilitate the restoration of the vertical posture function in the children presenting with cerebral palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This article is designed to present the results of the study that included 19 patients at the age from 6 to 12 years...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723716/-gait-disorders-and-postural-instability-in-patients-with-an-essential-tremor
#16
S V Vasichkin, O S Levin
AIM: To study gait disorders and postural instability in patients with essential tremor (ET). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients with ET, aged from 29 to 82 years, (mean 64.2±13.0) were examined. Tandem walk, tremor, stability and stabilometry were studied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A half of the patients had gait disorders and postural instability. Though these disorders were mild to moderate, they caused significant subjective discomfort and influenced quality of life...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309490/wearable-inertial-sensors-for-human-movement-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Marco Iosa, Pietro Picerno, Stefano Paolucci, Giovanni Morone
INTRODUCTION: The present review aims to provide an overview of the most common uses of wearable inertial sensors in the field of clinical human movement analysis. AREAS COVERED: Six main areas of application are analysed: gait analysis, stabilometry, instrumented clinical tests, upper body mobility assessment, daily-life activity monitoring and tremor assessment. Each area is analyzed both from a methodological and applicative point of view. The focus on the methodological approaches is meant to provide an idea of the computational complexity behind a variable/parameter/index of interest so that the reader is aware of the reliability of the approach...
July 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293535/applying-data-mining-techniques-to-medical-time-series-an-empirical-case-study-in-electroencephalography-and-stabilometry
#18
A Anguera, J M Barreiro, J A Lara, D Lizcano
One of the major challenges in the medical domain today is how to exploit the huge amount of data that this field generates. To do this, approaches are required that are capable of discovering knowledge that is useful for decision making in the medical field. Time series are data types that are common in the medical domain and require specialized analysis techniques and tools, especially if the information of interest to specialists is concentrated within particular time series regions, known as events. This research followed the steps specified by the so-called knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) process to discover knowledge from medical time series derived from stabilometric (396 series) and electroencephalographic (200) patient electronic health records (EHR)...
2016: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006930/assessment-of-visual-reliance-in-balance-control-an-inexpensive-extension-of-the-static-posturography
#19
Jozef Púčik, Marián Šaling, Tomáš Lukáč, Oldřich Ondráček, Martin Kucharík
Ability of humans to maintain balance in an upright stance and during movement activities is one of the most natural skills affecting everyday life. This ability progressively deteriorates with increasing age, and balance impairment, often aggravated by age-related diseases, can result in falls that adversely impact the quality of life. Falls represent serious problems of health concern associated with aging. Many investigators, involved in different science disciplines such as medicine, engineering, psychology, and sport, have been attracted by a research of the human upright stance...
2014: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896243/statokinesigram-normalization-method
#20
José Magalhães de Oliveira
Stabilometry is a technique that aims to study the body sway of human subjects, employing a force platform. The signal obtained from this technique refers to the position of the foot base ground-reaction vector, known as the center of pressure (CoP). The parameters calculated from the signal are used to quantify the displacement of the CoP over time; there is a large variability, both between and within subjects, which prevents the definition of normative values. The intersubject variability is related to differences between subjects in terms of their anthropometry, in conjunction with their muscle activation patterns (biomechanics); and the intrasubject variability can be caused by a learning effect or fatigue...
February 2017: Behavior Research Methods
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