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E Volchan, V Rocha-Rego, A F Bastos, J M Oliveira, C Franklin, S Gleiser, W Berger, G G L Souza, L Oliveira, I A David, F S Erthal, M G Pereira, I Figueira
Violence exacts a burden on public health. Gun violence is a major trigger for motor defensive reactions in humans and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is its main psychiatric sequela. However, studies of the human defensive cascade, especially the motor reactions, are at an early stage. This review focuses on studies that employ stabilometry, a methodology that assesses whole body motor reactions, to address defensive behaviors to violence-related threats. Special attention is given to three reactions: "attentive immobility", "immobility under attack" and "tonic immobility", with emphasis on the latter - a peritraumatic reaction which has been strongly associated with the severity of PTSD...
May 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
E A Plishkina, B N Bein
AIM: To study the process of recovery of postural function during stabilometric training with biofeedback (BFB) in patients with ischemic carotid stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent 10-day stabilometric training from the onset of stroke. Clinical and stabilometric parameters were assessed at 4 points: at baseline, after 5 sessions, after 10 sessions and after 3-4 months in the early recovery stage after discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: There was no correlation between the positive regress of neurologic symptoms and trends of stabilometry indicators...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
S V Vasichkin, O S Levin
AIM: To study gait disorders and postural instability in patients with essential tremor (ET). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients with ET, aged from 29 to 82 years, (mean 64.2±13.0) were examined. Tandem walk, tremor, stability and stabilometry were studied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A half of the patients had gait disorders and postural instability. Though these disorders were mild to moderate, they caused significant subjective discomfort and influenced quality of life...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
I E Nikityuk, T R Moshonkina, Yu P Gerasimenko, S V Vissarionov, A G Baindurashvili
One of the cerebral palsy (CP) symptoms is the impairment of the ability to maintain upright standing. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the locomotor training combined with electrical transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (TSCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the muscles to facilitate the restoration of the vertical posture function in the children presenting with cerebral palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This article is designed to present the results of the study that included 19 patients at the age from 6 to 12 years...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
S V Vasichkin, O S Levin
AIM: To study gait disorders and postural instability in patients with essential tremor (ET). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients with ET, aged from 29 to 82 years, (mean 64.2±13.0) were examined. Tandem walk, tremor, stability and stabilometry were studied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A half of the patients had gait disorders and postural instability. Though these disorders were mild to moderate, they caused significant subjective discomfort and influenced quality of life...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Marco Iosa, Pietro Picerno, Stefano Paolucci, Giovanni Morone
INTRODUCTION: The present review aims to provide an overview of the most common uses of wearable inertial sensors in the field of clinical human movement analysis. AREAS COVERED: Six main areas of application are analysed: gait analysis, stabilometry, instrumented clinical tests, upper body mobility assessment, daily-life activity monitoring and tremor assessment. Each area is analyzed both from a methodological and applicative point of view. The focus on the methodological approaches is meant to provide an idea of the computational complexity behind a variable/parameter/index of interest so that the reader is aware of the reliability of the approach...
July 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
A Anguera, J M Barreiro, J A Lara, D Lizcano
One of the major challenges in the medical domain today is how to exploit the huge amount of data that this field generates. To do this, approaches are required that are capable of discovering knowledge that is useful for decision making in the medical field. Time series are data types that are common in the medical domain and require specialized analysis techniques and tools, especially if the information of interest to specialists is concentrated within particular time series regions, known as events. This research followed the steps specified by the so-called knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) process to discover knowledge from medical time series derived from stabilometric (396 series) and electroencephalographic (200) patient electronic health records (EHR)...
2016: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
Jozef Púčik, Marián Šaling, Tomáš Lukáč, Oldřich Ondráček, Martin Kucharík
Ability of humans to maintain balance in an upright stance and during movement activities is one of the most natural skills affecting everyday life. This ability progressively deteriorates with increasing age, and balance impairment, often aggravated by age-related diseases, can result in falls that adversely impact the quality of life. Falls represent serious problems of health concern associated with aging. Many investigators, involved in different science disciplines such as medicine, engineering, psychology, and sport, have been attracted by a research of the human upright stance...
2014: Journal of Medical Engineering
José Magalhães de Oliveira
Stabilometry is a technique that aims to study the body sway of human subjects, employing a force platform. The signal obtained from this technique refers to the position of the foot base ground-reaction vector, known as the center of pressure (CoP). The parameters calculated from the signal are used to quantify the displacement of the CoP over time; there is a large variability, both between and within subjects, which prevents the definition of normative values. The intersubject variability is related to differences between subjects in terms of their anthropometry, in conjunction with their muscle activation patterns (biomechanics); and the intrasubject variability can be caused by a learning effect or fatigue...
February 2017: Behavior Research Methods
T E Popova, A A Tappahov, N A Shnaider, M M Petrova, T Y Nikolaeva, E E Konnikova, A A Kozhevnikov, V G Ammosov, N E Vinokurova
AIM: To estimate the importance of new algorithm introducing of PDP diagnostics in practice of NEFU medical institute Clinic in detection of severity level and predicting of clinical course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 people with sensory-motor PDP form among patients with 2 type diabetes were examined on the basis of Clinic of NEFU medical institute. Patients have been divided into 2 groups by disease duration: the first groups were patients with duration of disease till 10 years, the second group--more than 10 years...
2015: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Fumiya Kinoshita, Yuki Mori, Akihiro Sugiura, Tatsuya Yamakawa, Yasuyuki Matsuura, Hiroki Takada, Masaru Miyao
OBJECTIVES: Owing to the recent rapid advancements in image processing and three-dimensional (3-D) technologies, stereoscopic images can now be viewed on television as well as in theaters and on gaming consoles among others. However, with these advancements, there have also been reports on motion sickness and asthenopia induced by viewing stereoscopic films. Human equilibrium function deteriorates when viewing stereoscopic films, which may lead to motion sickness; however, the exact cause of such motion sickness remains unknown...
2016: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Alessandra Demontis, Sabina Trainito, Alessandra Del Felice, Stefano Masiero
Balance impairment is a frequent and undertreated manifestation in ankylosing spondylitis, leading to increased risk of falls and lower quality of life. Our aim was to assess supervised training and home-based rehabilitation efficacy on balance improvement in ankylosing spondylitis subjects on biologic agents. This was a single-blinded, quasi-randomized parallel study in a single outpatient Rehabilitation Clinic of a tertiary referral center. Subjects with ankylosing spondylitis on biologic agents were assigned either to supervised training and home-based rehabilitation program (rehabilitation group) plus educational-behavioral therapy, or to educational-behavioral therapy alone (educational groups)...
March 2016: Rheumatology International
Andreia S P Sousa, Rui Macedo, Rubim Santos, Filipa Sousa, Andreia Silva, João Manuel R S Tavares
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of prolonged wearing of unstable shoes on standing postural control in prolonged standing workers. METHODS: The participants were divided into two groups: one wore unstable shoes while the other wore conventional shoes for 8weeks. Stabilometry parameters related to centre of pressure (CoP), rambling (RM) and trembling (TR) as well as the total agonist/antagonist muscle activity, antagonist co-activation and reciprocal activation were evaluated during upright standing, before and after the 8weeks period...
February 2016: Human Movement Science
Ida Wiszomirska, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk, Michalina Błażkiewicz, Andrzej Wit
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of a vestibular-stimulating exercise regime on postural stability in individuals with visual impairment. The study group consisted of 70 people, including 28 persons (15 female and 13 male) with visual impairment and 42 (21 female and 21 male) without visual impairment. Each individual in the group with visual impairment was medically qualified for a 3-month training program. The research methodology included medical examination, anthropometric tests, and stabilometry tests on a Biodex Balance System SD (BBS)...
2015: BioMed Research International
Maksym Borysov, Marc Moramarco, Ng Sy, Sang G Lee
UNLABELLED: A new development of correcting exercises has been derived from the original Schroth program in 2010 and the preliminary results have been published that year. Since then the program has been applied in some centers worldwide. As the original Schroth program was the only program so far to improve many signs and symptoms of scoliosis besides the angle of curvature (Cobb angle) it was interesting to look for the preliminary results of the recent development of scoliosis pattern specific corrective exercises derived from the original program, to see if similar effects can be achieved with this less complicated method...
2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
Luciana Mendes Cangussu, Jorge Nahas-Neto, Claudio Lera Orsatti, Priscila Ferreira Poloni, Eneida Boteon Schmitt, Benedito Almeida-Filho, Eliana Aguiar Petri Nahas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of isolated vitamin D supplementation (VITD) on the rate of falls and postural balance in postmenopausal women fallers. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 160 Brazilian younger postmenopausal women were randomized into two groups: VITD group, vitamin D3 supplementation 1,000 IU/day/orally (n = 80) and placebo group (n = 80). Women with amenorrhea at least 12 months, age 50 to 65 years, and a history of falls (previous 12 months) were included...
March 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Magdalena Goliwas, Piotr Kocur, Lech Furmaniuk, Marian Majchrzycki, Marzena Wiernicka, Jacek Lewandowski
[Purpose] To assess the effects of sensorimotor foot stimulation on the symmetry of weight distribution on the feet of patients in the chronic post-stroke phase. [Subjects and Methods] This study was a prospective, single blind, randomized controlled trial. In the study we examined patients with chronic stroke (post-stroke duration > 1 year). They were randomly allocated to the study group (n=8) or to the control group (n=12). Both groups completed a standard six-week rehabilitation programme. In the study group, the standard rehabilitation programme was supplemented with sensorimotor foot stimulation training...
September 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
O M Bazanova, N V Kholodina, A S Podoinikov, E D Nikolenko
Ageing, lack of physical activity and sedentary lifestyle cause disorders of the sensorimotor system of postural control. The role of support afferentation in the changes in cortical activity in balance impairments has not been studied yet. The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in the stabilographic parameters of the body center of gravity, alpha activity indices of the electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyographic (EMG) measurements of forehead muscle tone in response to visual activation in standing and sitting positions in postmenopausal women after and without training of leg support sensation (LSS) The variables were compared between 3 groups: Group A (n = 12, age: 66 ± 9 years)--women who have trained LSS with the help of Aikido techniques for 8 years; group F (n = 12, age: 65 ± 6 years)--women who have attended Fitness training for 8 years; group N (n = 11, age: 66 ± 7 years)--women who have not taken physical exercises for the last 8 years...
July 2015: Fiziologiia Cheloveka
Y Shibayama, T Kuwata, J Yamaguchi, M Matsumoto, M Watanabe, R Nakano, K Kai, M Watanabe, R Watanabe, A Ohkuchi, S Matsubara
Pregnant women tend to fall and increased body postural instability, namely body sway, may be one of the causative factors. We had a clinical impression that pregnant women after long-term bed rest tend to fall. We hypothesised that such women may show increased body sway, which we attempted to determine. Pregnant women (n = 161) were divided into three groups: (i) women with preterm labour after 2-week bed rest, (ii) those after 4-week bed rest, and (iii) those without bed rest or preterm labour. Body sway was analysed using stabilometry, that is, computed analysis of movement of the centre of gravity...
May 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Dae-Hee Lee, Jin-Hyuck Lee, Sung-Eun Ahn, Min-Ji Park
This study was designed to compare proprioception and postural stability in patients with acute (time from injury ≤ 3 months) and chronic (time from injury > 3 months) ACL tears, and to evaluate the correlation between time interval after ACL injury and proprioception. Thigh muscle strength, postural stability, and joint position sense were compared in 48 patients with acute ACL tears and in 28 with chronic ACL tears. Maximal torque (60°/sec) of the quadriceps and hamstring was evaluated using an isokinetic testing device...
2015: PloS One
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