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paediatric lumps

Sebastian K King
Lateral neck lumps are very common in children, and are largely benign in nature. The majority of lumps may be diagnosed on history and clinical examination alone, and further investigations are often not required. The most common pathologies in young children include reactive lymphadenopathy, lymphadenitis and atypical mycobacterial infections. A lateral neck lump is an uncommon presentation for malignancy and is largely restricted to older children and adolescents. The paediatric surgeon plays an important role in the assessment and management of lateral neck lumps, often in the form of reassurance to the patients and their carers...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Goutam Bera, Zeenat Ara, Moumita Sengupta, Uttara Chatterjee, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay
Wilms' tumour, a renal malignancy, primarily occurs in children with a peak incidence between 2 to 5 years age group and accounts for approximately 95% of childhood renal malignancies. Though rarely, it may also occur in adults with an incidence rate of less than 0.2 per million per year. Microscopically, there is no difference between Wilms' tumour of paediatric and adult age groups. But the prognosis for adults with Wilms' tumour is thought to be worse than that for children possibly due to more aggressive clinical course in case of adult Wilms' tumour...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Yvan Vandenplas, Hania Szajewska, Marc Benninga, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Christophe Dupont, Christophe Faure, Mohamed Miqdadi, Seksit Osatakul, Carmen Ribes-Konickx, Miguel Saps, Raanan Shamir, Annamaria Staiano
INTRODUCTION: The Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSS) which consists of 7 photographs of different stool forms allows assessment of stool consistency (scale 1 for hard lumps to scale 7 for watery stools), in an objective manner in adults. The BSS is also sometimes used to characterise the stools of infants and young children. Despite its use, there is general agreement among paediatric gastroenterologists that the BSS is not adequate to be used in infants and young children who wear diapers; thus, a new scale specifically designed for this population is needed...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
Binny Khandakar, Moumita Maiti, Soumit Dey, Prasenjit Sen Ray, Palas Bhattacharyya, Ranu Sarkar
Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is a high-grade malignant neoplasm commonly affecting bones of the thoracic region. Primary Ewing sarcoma/PNET of the kidney is exceptional; it commonly affects young adults and is rarely reported in children. Here we describe a case of renal PNET in a 10-year-old girl who presented at our institute with haematuria and abdominal lump. Computer tomography scan revealed a huge mass in the right kidney. Computer tomography-guided aspiration from the mass showed cytomorphological features of a small blue round cell tumor...
February 4, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
Karen Chetcuti, Shivaram Avula
Neck sonography is frequently encountered on ultrasound lists in the paediatric patient population. Anecdotally, one of the most frequent clinical indications is the investigation of a neck lump. While performing an ultrasound of the neck, structures other than those routinely assessed, such as the thyroid cartilage and mandibular cortex also come into view. Occasionally, pathology in these structures is also encountered, albeit less frequently. The purpose of this case report and review is to illustrate the ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging appearances of cyst-like changes in the thyroid cartilage that are encountered in children, particularly in early adolescence...
November 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
Sathasivam Suresh Kumar, Sri Aurobindo Prasad Das, Vikram Kate
Cystic lymphangioma is a paediatric benign tumour, occurs commonly in head and neck region. Adult intraabdominal lymphangiomas are uncommon and only few cases of lesser sac cystic lymphangioma are reported in the literature. We present a case of lesser sac cystic lymphangioma in a 26-year-old lady who presented with features of gastric outlet obstruction. Clinical examination revealed a 10x10 cm firm, non tender, mobile intraabdominal lump in the epigastrium. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed possible external compression at the body of the stomach...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Nora Haloob, Christopher Pepper, Benjamin Hartley
Otolaryngologists will most frequently encounter extra-cranial glial tissue within the nasal cavity, where it is known as a 'nasal glioma', and may communicate with the dura. However, glial tissue can also present extra-nasally in the form of a neck mass with no intracranial connection. In these rare cases, they can present soon after birth as an enlarging neck mass, causing compressive symptoms with airway obstruction and feeding difficulties. In this way, it is often initially misdiagnosed as a more common lesion such as a lymphatic malformation, teratoma, branchial anomaly or vascular malformation...
December 2015: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ashok Kumar Puranik, Rohit Mehra, Sushila Chauhan, Rahul Pandey
Wandering spleen, also referred to as 'ptotic spleen', is a rare clinical condition characterized by splenic migration form its normal left hypochondrial position to any other abdominal or pelvic position. Among the multifactorial etiologies proposed, laxity of the spleen's primary supporting ligaments is the most agreed-upon hypothesis. We present one rare case of wandering spleen in an 11-year-old girl who presented with recurrent abdominal pain with no localizing features. Her abdominal examination revealed an intra-abdominal left iliac fossa lump with restricted mobility, which was confirmed as a wandering spleen by abdominal sonography and contrast-enhanced computed tomography...
August 2017: Gastroenterology Report
A S Takhar, A Simmons, L Ffolkes, N Hyde
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the case of a 13-year-old girl with a 2-year history of left cervical lymph node swelling that was diagnosed as metastatic cribriform adenocarcinoma of the tongue and minor salivary gland. CASE REPORT: A 13-year-old girl with a left, level II cervical lymph node underwent excisional biopsy after an ultrasound suggested suspicious features. The histology indicated polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma, and a primary lesion in the left palate was identified...
February 2015: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Sajjad Khan, Joshua S Boateng, John Mitchell, Vivek Trivedi
This study aimed to develop films for potential delivery of omeprazole (OME) via the buccal mucosa of paediatric patients. Films were prepared using hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), methylcellulose (MC), sodium alginate (SA), carrageenan (CA) and metolose (MET) with polyethylene glycol (PEG 400) as plasticiser, OME (model drug) and L-arg (stabiliser). Gels (1% w/w) were prepared at 40°C using water and ethanol with PEG 400 (0-1% w/w) and dried in an oven (40°C). Optimised formulations containing OME and L-arg (1:1, 1:2 and 1:3) were prepared to investigate the stabilisation of the drug...
August 2015: AAPS PharmSciTech
Helen Cooper
A 10-year-old girl presented with a lump on her left upper anterior thigh. She presented to accident and emergency twice and to her general practitioner once. It was provisionally diagnosed as a cyst but it continued to grow in size. The lump had been noticed for 6 months, in paediatric clinic it was 5×5 cm, firm, tense and felt cystic. Systemically she was otherwise well. The overlying skin was blueish with prominent veins. The MRI also suggested a cyst but on excision it was revealed to be a high-grade sarcoma...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
P Bela, S S Yeong, K Jeevesh
No abstract available.
April 2014: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Tony H T Sung, Eric M W Man, Augustine T S Chan, W K Lee
Congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle is a rare clinical entity, first described in 1910. We report on a newborn baby girl who presented with a painless lump over mid-portion of right clavicle at her routine newborn examination, which was subsequently diagnosed as a congenital pseudarthrosis. Here we explore its pathogenesis, elaborate on its differential diagnoses in paediatric patients, and comment on its distinct radiological features.
June 2013: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
F Migliavacca, G Dubini, M de Leval
Computational fluid dynamics techniques have been applied to study both the local and the global haemodynamics created by different surgical reconstructions, currently used to treat complex congenital heart defects. These operations are characterised by competition of flows which can lead to postoperative failure of the surgical treatment. Different techniques have been used in order to improve knowledge of the global haemodynamics in patients submitted to such operations, and to devise possible optimal hydraulic designs of the connections...
January 2000: Images in Paediatric Cardiology
M F A Wright, J M Scollay, A J McCabe, F D Munro
INTRODUCTION: Femoral herniae are uncommon in childhood and pre-operative misdiagnosis is common. This can result in increased complications or inappropriate inguinal exploration. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess a tertiary centre's experience with paediatric femoral hernia over a 12 year period. METHODS: Children who underwent femoral hernia repair at a single centre were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Casenotes were reviewed for demographic data and details of presentation, operation and recurrence...
2011: International Journal of Surgery
Merrill McHoney, Fraser Munro, Gordon Mackinlay
BACKGROUND: Mammary duct ectasia is uncommon in children, and is usually considered to be an acquired disease in adults. However the occurrence in infants and children suggest it may be developmental. AIMS: To report a case series of mammary duct ectasia, and review the published literature to ascertain the common findings and histological findings in children. STUDY DESIGN: Case series report and review of the literature. RESULTS: We report three cases of mammary duct ectasia, an unusual disease in children...
August 2011: Early Human Development
Advait Prakash, Amit Agrawal, Rahul K Gupta, Beejal Sanghvi, Sandesh Parelkar
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric cysts are rare intra-abdominal masses in the paediatric age group with varied presentation, ranging from an asymptomatic mass to acute abdomen. This study reviews our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of 17 mesenteric cysts in our centre, with especial reference to acute abdominal symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients (age less than 10 years) with mesenteric cysts were managed in our hospital. The age ranged from 15 days to 10 years...
September 2010: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Farhan Ahsan, R Allison, J White
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic cervical thymus is a rare anomaly, and 50 per cent of cases occur in children. The aim of this report was to remind clinicians of this rare condition, which is part of the differential diagnosis of a paediatric neck lump. METHOD: Case report together with literature review of the pathogenesis and management of ectopic cervical thymus. RESULTS: The ectopic cervical thymus is a rare cause of a benign neck mass, and is thus usually misdiagnosed as lymphadenopathy or neoplasia...
June 2010: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Philemon E Okoro, Patrick O Igwe, Alvan K Ukachukwu
BACKGROUND: Burns injuries are recognized as a major health problem worldwide. In children and, particularly, in our environment where poverty, ignorance and disease are still high, they constitute significant morbidity and mortality. Previous studies on this topic in parts of Nigeria either lumped adults and children together or were retrospective. We, therefore, prospectively studied the current trends in burns in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study of burns spanned over a period of 18 months (June 2006-December 2007) at the Paediatric Surgery Units of the Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu, and the Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Imo State...
January 2009: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Francesco Migliavacca, Rossella Balossino, Giancarlo Pennati, Gabriele Dubini, Tain-Yen Hsia, Marc R de Leval, Edward L Bove
Multiscale computing is a challenging area even in biomechanics. Application of such a methodology to quantitatively compare postoperative hemodynamics in congenital heart diseases is very promising. In the treatment of hypoplastic left heart syndrome, which is a congenital heart disease where the left ventricle is missing or very small, the necessity to feed the pulmonary and systemic circulations is obtained with an interposition shunt. Two main options are available and differ from the sites of anastomoses: (i) the systemic-to-pulmonary conduit (Blalock-Taussig shunt known as the Norwood Operation (NO)) connecting the innominate artery (NO-BT) or the aorta (NO-CS) to the right pulmonary artery and (ii) the right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt (known as Sano operation (SO))...
2006: Journal of Biomechanics
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