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scoliosis,total hip arthroplasty,total knee arthroplasty

Jan Bartoníček, Jaroslav Vávra
BACKGROUND: Ischemic necrosis of the proximal femur resulting in coxa vara is a severe iatrogenous complication of the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Severe relative overgrowth of the greater trochanter and reduction of the neck result in insufficiency of hip abductors. Unequal limb length causes obliquity of the pelvis, compensatory scoliosis of the lumbar spine and valgus deformity of the ipsilateral knee. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of valgus intertrochanteric osteotomy in patients with coxa vara older than 30 years...
September 2011: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Daniel Nazon, Glen Abergel, Carlo M Hatem
Complications of orthopedic and spine operations can be life threatening. Proper patient selection, careful planning of patient care, and prophylactic measures are important determinants of a successful outcome. After elective orthopedic surgery such as total joint replacement, the intensivist should be aware of potential systemic complications common to any major surgical intervention (pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, sepsis, myocardial infarction) and also of procedure-specific problems (cement-related cardiac events, fat embolism) and local complications (neurovascular injuries)...
January 2003: Critical Care Clinics
Mindy Goldman, Renée Savard, Anne Long, Stéphanie Gélinas, Marc Germain
BACKGROUND: Preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD) has been shown to decrease allogeneic blood transfusion requirements in major elective surgery. Changes in transfusion practice motivated an examination of blood use from 1993 to 2000 of patients participating in the Héma-Québec PABD program. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Blood donation and transfusion, type of surgery, and demographic characteristics were prospectively entered into a computer database for patients participating in the Héma-Québec PABD program...
July 2002: Transfusion
W J Hozack, R H Rothman, T J Albert, R A Balderston, K Eng
The Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 was used preoperatively and 2 years postoperatively to compare patients' self reported assessment of health and function between 151 patients who had primary total hip replacement and 49 patients who had total hip revision, 149 patients who had primary total knee replacements, 41 patients who had lumbar laminectomy, and 43 patients who had scoliosis surgery. Primary total hip arthroplasty and lumbar laminectomy posted equivalent followup scores. Primary total hip arthroplasty showed significant improvements in physical function and health perception when compared with revision total hip arthroplasty; all other health parameters were similar...
November 1997: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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