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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231704/genetic-correlations-between-behavioural-responses-and-performance-traits-in-laying-hens
#1
Iwona Rozempolska-Rucińska, Grzegorz Zięba, Lucyna Kibała, Tomasz Paweł Próchniak, Marek Łukaszewicz
The aim of the study was to evaluate genetic correlations between the behavioural profile and performance in laying hens as an indirect answer to the question whether the observed behavioural responses are associated with increased levels of stress in these birds. The assessment of birds' temperament was carried out using the Novel Objects Test. The behavioural test was conducted in two successive generations comprising 9483 Rhode Island White birds (approx. 4700 individuals per generation) and 4326 Rhode Island Red birds (approx...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231680/-a-review-on-the-advancement-of-internet-based-public-health-surveillance-program
#2
Y Q Zhao, W J Ma
Internet data is introduced into public health arena under the features of fast updating and tremendous volume. Mining and analyzing internet data, researchers can model the internet-based surveillance system to assess the distribution of health-related events. There are two main types of internet-based surveillance systems, i.e. active and passive, which are distinguished by the sources of information. Through passive surveillance system, information is collected from search engine and social media while the active system gathers information through provision of the volunteers...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231679/-use-the-markov-decision-tree-model-to-optimize-vaccination-strategies-of-hepatitis-e-among-women-aged-15-to-49
#3
Z M Chen, S B Ji, X L Shi, Y Y Zhao, X F Zhang, H Jin
Objective: To evaluate the cost-utility of different hepatitis E vaccination strategies in women aged 15 to 49. Methods: The Markov-decision tree model was constructed to evaluate the cost-utility of three hepatitis E virus vaccination strategies. Parameters of the models were estimated on the basis of published studies and experience of experts. Both methods on sensitivity and threshold analysis were used to evaluate the uncertainties of the model. Results: Compared with non-vaccination group, strategy on post-screening vaccination with rate as 100%, could save 0...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231678/-application-of-disease-risk-score-in-pharmacoepidemiologic-studies
#4
H Y Zhao, S Y Zhan
Disease risk score (DRS) can be used to adjust the confounding effects on data with high dimensions and can reduce related bias through balancing the risk or probability, regarding the development of some specific diseases, between the two compared groups. The DRS approach thus can be applied to studies of pharmacoepidemiology when administrative medical database is used for data analysis. Although DRS functions are similarly to the propensity scores (PS) under many situations, even with some advantages over PS or conventional analytical methods in some special exposure settings, the usage of DRS is far limited than the PS method...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231677/-a-systematic-review-of-worldwide-natural-history-models-of-colorectal-cancer-classification-transition-rate-and-a-recommendation-for-developing-chinese-population-specific-model
#5
Z F Li, H Y Huang, J F Shi, C G Guo, S M Zou, C C Liu, Y Wang, L Wang, S L Zhu, S L Wu, M Dai
Objective: To review the worldwide studies on natural history models among colorectal cancer (CRC), and to inform building a Chinese population-specific CRC model and developing a platform for further evaluation of CRC screening and other interventions in population in China. Methods: A structured literature search process was conducted in PubMed and the target publication dates were from January 1995 to December 2014. Information about classification systems on both colorectal cancer and precancer on corresponding transition rate, were extracted and summarized...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231675/-effect-of-gender-on-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Q P Xu, F He, Z Q Liu, W M Xiong, J B Lin, L Cai
Objective: To analyze the effect of gender on the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Data of 1 195 patients with NSCLC were analyzed by Chi-square, Kaplan-Meier, log-rank tests and Cox regression models. Results: Women had a longer survival than men (median overall survival 31.64 versus 22.71 months, P<0.01) in the participants of this study. Differences seen in overall survival remained the similar, after stratified by age, pathologic types, clinical stage, sizes, pleural effusion and surgery of the patients, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231671/-spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-hiv-aids-in-shandong-province-2009-2015
#7
N Zhang, X G Yang, G Y Wang, X R Tao, D M Kang, N Wang
Objective: To analyze the spatiotemporal characteristics of HIV/AIDS in Shandong province, 2009-2015. Methods: Data on HIV/AIDS between 2009 and 2015 were derived from the Shandong provincial HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System at the end of 2015. All the data were geographically referenced based on 139 spatial units in the related counties of Shandong province. Electronic maps were obtained from China CDC. Global Moran' s I statistics and LISA statistics were used to detect the global and local spatial distribution patterns of HIV/AIDS in Shandong...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231659/-correlative-factors-on-prevalence-rate-of-dislipidemia-among-1-337-coal-miners-in-shanxi-province
#8
Z D Fu, D D Wen, B Wang, S L Xue, G S Liu, X H Li, Z H Zhao, J Wang, B G Wei, S P Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence rate and correlative factors of dislipidemia among Shanxi coal miners and to provide evidence for the development of programs on dislipidemia prevention. Methods: We investigated 1 337 mine workers from a Coal Group in April 2016 and collected data related to their blood biochemistry. We then classified the types in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of " Guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in Chinese adults (2007)" , using χ(2) test and unconditional logistic regression model for analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231658/-relationship-between-reproductive-history-and-preterm-births-in-the-last-pregnancy-in-shaanxi-province
#9
B W Qin, J Ying, Q Lei, P F Qu, F L Lei, J M Li, H Yan
Objective: To analyze the incidence of preterm delivery among single live neonates and the association between maternal reproductive history and preterm birth. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on reproductive history among women at childbearing age who were selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling method in Shaanxi, during 2010-2013. Samples would include women at childbearing age and in pregnancy or having had definite pregnancy outcomes. Results: A total of 29 608 women at childbearing age with their infants, were studied...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231657/-impact-and-changes-of-maternal-hemoglobin-on-birth-weight-in-pregnant-women-of-zhuang-nationality-in-guangxi
#10
J H Chen, X F Guo, S Liu, J H Long, G Q Zhang, M C Huang, X Q Qiu
Objective: To investigate the hemoglobin (Hb) levels during pregnancy and Hb changes from early pregnancy and association with birth weight on infants. Methods: Mothers of Zhuang Nationality who participated in the pregnancy care program and delivered at the Pingguo County Hospital from May 2013 to May 2015 were included in this study. Retrospective analysis was applied to collect data of health care and pregnancy outcomes. Multiple regression analysis and unconditional logistic regression model were used for data analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231656/-acute-effect-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-small-airway-lung-functions-among-school-children-in-shanghai
#11
L J Zhang, C Y Guo, H H Xu, D Xu, X B Shen, X Y Du, M H Zhang, J G Tan, J H Zhang, C Y Dong, H L Qian, Y W Shi, M Z Pan, X D Zhou
Objective: To study the acute effects of compound ambient air pollution on small airway lung functions among school children in Shanghai. Method: A longitudinal survey on lung functions was conducted among 233 school-children from three schools (A, B and C, located in innerring, mid-ring and outer-ring areas). Lung function test was performed once a week for 3 times respectively, among children in school A and B in Dec. 2013 and in school C in Dec. 2014. The fourth lung function test was tested in Jun. 2014 and May 2015 in the respective schools...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231654/-relation-between-waist-circumference-and-risk-of-male-lung-cancer-incidence-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
S H Xie, G Wang, L W Guo, S H Chen, K Su, F Li, S Chang, X S Feng, Z Y Lyu, Y H Chen, J S Ren, H Cui, N Li, S L Wu, M Dai, J He
Objective: To investigate the association between waist circumference and risk of male lung cancer incidence. Methods: Since May 1, 2006, all the male employees including the retirees in Kailuan Group had been recruited into a Chinese Kailuan Male Cohort study. Information on anthropometries including body weight, height and waist circumference were collected at the baseline investigation, as well as information on newly-diagnosed lung cancer cases during the follow-up period. Waist circumference was grouped by quintiles of the population waist circumference distribution and categorized into the following five groups: <80, 80-, 85-, 90- and ≥95 cm, with the relevant normal group, the second quintile group (80-cm), serving as the referent category...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231638/comparison-of-the-shock-absorption-capacities-of-different-mouthguards
#13
Melina Simonetta Bochnig, Min-Jung Oh, Theresa Nagel, Fred Ziegler, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In this in vitro study the protective qualities of different mouthguard types were examined during small hard object collisions. The aim was to investigate inconclusive aspects of hard inserts, nylon nets and air spaces as reinforcements in the anterior region and the protection qualities of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five different mouthguards with a labial thickness between 2 mm and 11 mm made of materials of varying stiffness were investigated...
February 23, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231635/in-vivo-structural-imaging-in-rats-reveals-neuroanatomical-correlates-of-behavioral-sub-dimensions-of-cocaine-addiction
#14
Nazzareno Cannella, Alejandro Cosa-Linan, Elena Büchler, Claudia Falfan-Melgoza, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr, Rainer Spanagel
Cocaine addiction is a multi-dimensional behavioral disorder characterized by a loss of control over cocaine taking despite of detrimental consequences. Structural MRI studies have revealed association between cocaine consumption and gray matter volume (GMV) in cocaine-addicted patients. However, the behavioral correlates of GMV in cocaine addiction are poorly understood. Here, we used a DSM-IV-based rat model of cocaine addiction with high face validity for structural imaging. According to three behavioral sub-dimensions of addiction, rats were separated into two groups showing either addict-like or non-addict-like behavior...
February 23, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231632/reliability-and-validity-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-self-care-ability-scale-for-the-elderly
#15
Han Gao, Ulrika Söderhamn, Christina Cliffordson, Lina Guo, Qiyun Guo, Kun Liu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To translate the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese, and to test the Chinese version of the scale regarding its reliability and validity among older people. BACKGROUND: Self-care is an important topic in nursing. When assessing older people's self-care ability, it is essential that a reliable and valid instrument is used. DESIGN: This study employed across-sectional design. METHODS: We translated the English version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese according to Brislin's translation guidelines, and carried out a questionnaire survey among 610 older people, including both community-dwelling people and hospital patients, in Jinzhou City, People's Republic of China...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231625/experimental-study-on-1-25-oh-2-d3-amelioration-of-oral-lichen-planus-through-regulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#16
Jie Du, Ran Li, Feiyan Yu, Fang Yang, Jinhua Wang, Qingyong Chen, Xiangyu Wang, Bin Zhao, Fang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective function of vitamin D (VD)/vitamin D receptor (VDR) on the development of oral lichen planus (OLP) and elaborate the underling mechanism of it. METHODS: H&E staining, myeloid Peroxidase (MPO) assays, quantitative PCR (qPCR), western blotting and Elisa were used to test the human biopsies and serum. QPCR, western blotting, Elisa and siRNA transfection were also performed in LPS-induced keratinocytes to observe the functions of vitamin D and VDR...
February 23, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231624/targets-and-mechanisms-in-prevention-of-parkinson-s-disease-through-immunomodulatory-treatments
#17
REVIEW
Marianne von Euler Chelpin, Thomas Vorup-Jensen
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease in the world, however, there is no cure for it. Current treatments only relieve some of the symptoms, without ceasing the disease, and lose efficacy with prolonged treatment. Considerable evidence shows that persistent inflammatory responses, involving T cell infiltration and glial cell activation, are common characteristics of human patients and play a crucial role in the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. Therefore, it is important to develop therapeutic strategies that can impede or halt the disease through the modulation of the peripheral immune system by aiming at controlling the existing neuroinflammation...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231620/sustaining-guideline-implementation-a-multi-site-perspective-on-activities-challenges-and-supports
#18
Kathryn Smith Higuchi, Barbara Davies, Jenny Ploeg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine activities conducted, challenges encountered, and supports used when sustaining nursing practice guideline implementation in multiple health care organizations over three years. BACKGROUND: Numerous models and frameworks exist to guide the implementation of guidelines, yet very few focus on sustaining improved practice changes. It is not known if one intervention or multiple interventions are required, nor the long-term activities, challenges, and supports for sustaining improved practices...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231613/genetic-determinism-vs-phenotypic-plasticity-in-protist-morphology
#19
Matthieu Mulot, Katarzyna Marcisz, Lara Grandgirard, Enrique Lara, Anush Kosakyan, Bjorn J M Robroek, Mariusz Lamentowicz, Richard J Payne, Edward A D Mitchell
Untangling the relationships between morphology and phylogeny is key to building a reliable taxonomy, but is especially challenging for protists, where the existence of cryptic or pseudocryptic species makes finding relevant discriminant traits difficult. Here we use Hyalosphenia papilio (a testate amoeba) as a model species to investigate the contribution of phylogeny and phenotypic plasticity in its morphology. We study the response of Hyalosphenia papilio morphology (shape and pores number) to environmental variables in 1) a manipulative experiment with controlled conditions (water level), 2) an observational study of a withinsite natural ecological gradient (water level), and 3) an observational study across 37 European peatlands (climate)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231551/acute-effect-of-ozone-exposure-on-daily-mortality-in-seven-cities-of-jiangsu-province-china-no-clear-evidence-for-threshold
#20
Kai Chen, Lian Zhou, Xiaodong Chen, Jun Bi, Patrick L Kinney
BACKGROUND: Few multicity studies have addressed the health effects of ozone in China due to the scarcity of ozone monitoring data. A critical scientific and policy-relevant question is whether a threshold exists in the ozone-mortality relationship. METHODS: Using a generalized additive model and a univariate random-effects meta-analysis, this research evaluated the relationship between short-term ozone exposure and daily total mortality in seven cities of Jiangsu Province, China during 2013-2014...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Research
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