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"regional anaesthesia"

Eric Ehieli, Suraj Yalamuri, Charles S Brudney, Srinivas Pyati
Critically ill patients are a heterogeneous group with diverse comorbidities and physiological derangements. The management of pain in the critically ill population is emerging as a standard of care in the intensive care unit (ICU). Pain control of critically ill patients in the ICU presents numerous challenges to intensivists. Inconsistencies in pain assessment, analgesic prescription and variation in monitoring sedation and analgesia result in suboptimal pain management. Inadequate pain control can have deleterious effects on several organ systems in critically ill patients...
October 24, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Arunangshu Chakraborty, Rakhi Khemka, Taniya Datta
The practice of regional anaesthesia is rapidly changing with the introduction of ultrasound into the working domain of the anaesthesiologist. New techniques are being pioneered. Among the recent techniques, notable are the truncal blocks, for example, the transversus abdominis plane block, rectus sheath block, hernia block and quadratus lumborum block in the abdomen and the pectoral nerves (Pecs) block 1 and 2, serratus anterior plane block and intercostal nerve block. This narrative review covers the brief anatomical discourse along with technical description of the ultrasound-guided truncal blocks...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
James K Hamill, Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Gamage Gunaratna, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: No enhanced recovery after surgery protocol has been published for laparoscopic appendectomy. This was a review of evidence-based interventions that could optimize recovery after appendectomy. METHODS: Interventions for the review Clinical pathway, fast-track or enhanced recovery protocols; needlescopic approach; single incision laparoscopic (SIL) approach; natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES); regional nerve blocks; intraperitoneal local anaesthetic (IPLA); drains...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
David Eldred-Evans, Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Fahd Khan, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Alexander Polson, Peter Acher, Richard Popert
PURPOSE: Systematic transrectal ultrasound biopsies have been the first-line biopsy strategy in men with suspected prostate cancer for over 30 years. Transperineal biopsy is an alternative approach but has been predominately reserved as a repeat biopsy strategy and not widely used as a first-line approach. This study evaluates the diagnostic and clinical outcomes of transperineal sector biopsy (TPSB) as a first-line biopsy strategy in the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-institutional review of 402 consecutive patients who underwent primary transperineal sector biopsy...
October 10, 2016: Urology Journal
Yoon-Jung Shon, Jin Huh, Sung-Sik Kang, Seung-Kil Bae, Ryeong-Ah Kang, Duk-Kyung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of saddle, lumbar epidural and caudal blocks on anal sphincter tone using anorectal manometry. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective anorectal surgery with regional anaesthesia were divided randomly into three groups and received a saddle (SD), lumbar epidural (LE), or caudal (CD) block. Anorectal manometry was performed before and 30 min after each regional block. The degree of motor blockade of the anal sphincter was compared using the maximal resting pressure (MRP) and the maximal squeezing pressure (MSP)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
Asrar Ahmad, Monica Kohli, Anita Malik, Megha Kohli, Jaishri Bogra, Haider Abbas, Rajni Gupta, B B Kushwaha
PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to correlate thromboelastography (TEG) variables versus conventional coagulation profile in all patients presenting with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and to see whether TEG would be helpful for evaluating coagulation in parturients before regional anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study on 100 pre-eclampsia/eclampsia patients undergoing lower-segment caesarean section under regional anaesthesia. Two blood samples were collected...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Ban Leong Sng, Fahad Javaid Siddiqui, Wan Ling Leong, Pryseley N Assam, Edwin Sy Chan, Kelvin H Tan, Alex T Sia
BACKGROUND: Bupivacaine is an amide local anaesthetic used in hyperbaric and isobaric forms. These are administered intrathecally into the spine to provide regional anaesthesia for caesarean section. Several trials have compared hyperbaric and isobaric bupivacaine but none have conclusively shown the benefit of either. This review was first published in 2013 and updated in 2016. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to:1. Determine the effectiveness of hyperbaric bupivacaine compared to isobaric bupivacaine for spinal anaesthesia in women undergoing caesarean section;2...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ki Jinn Chin, Javier E Cubillos, Husni Alakkad
BACKGROUND: Regional anaesthesia comprising axillary block of the brachial plexus is a common anaesthetic technique for distal upper limb surgery. This is an update of a review first published in 2006 and previously updated in 2011 and 2013. OBJECTIVES: To compare the relative effects (benefits and harms) of three injection techniques (single, double and multiple) of axillary block of the brachial plexus for distal upper extremity surgery. We considered these effects primarily in terms of anaesthetic effectiveness; the complication rate (neurological and vascular); and pain and discomfort caused by performance of the block...
September 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
L A Bolt, G O'Sullivan, D Rajasingham, A Shennan
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a rare inherited skin condition characterized by the development of blisters after minor mechanical friction or trauma. There are few reported pregnancies in the literature in these women. We describe a pregnancy we recently managed. The collated series of pregnancies show that there are no additional antenatal or postnatal problems and that the skin itself does not worsen during pregnancy. Vaginal delivery is most favourable, but if a caesarean section is required, regional anaesthesia should be attempted...
September 2010: Obstetric Medicine
Naveen Yadav, Suma Rabab Ahmad, Nisha Saini, Babita Gupta, Chhavi Sawhney, Rakesh Garg, Vijay Sharma, Vivek Trikha
BACKGROUND: Regional anaesthesia has been proposed to reduce intraoperative blood loss, duration of hospital stay and in-hospital complications with improved postoperative pain control. General anaesthesia is advantageous for prolonged surgeries. We hypothesized that combined regional and general anaesthesia would offer advantages of both in pelvi-acetabular fracture surgeries. METHODS: We identified 71 patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation of pelvi-acetabular fractures from May 2012 to 2013 in our trauma centre...
2015: Burns and trauma
David Ende, Rodney A Gabriel, Kamen V Vlassakov, Richard P Dutton, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing body of literature illustrating the benefits of regional anaesthesia in shoulder arthroscopy, data on actual use of the technique in the United States is lacking. This study analyses epidemiologic data to describe current trends in anaesthetic practice for these procedures in the United States and highlights key associations with patient and provider demographic variables that may provide further insight. METHODS: We analysed the large database from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry of the Anesthesia Quality Institute...
October 2016: International Orthopaedics
X Sala-Blanch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
R N Verma, Shahbaz Hasnain, D K Sreevastava, T V S P Murthy
BACKGROUND: Intravenous regional anaesthesia (IVRA) has been successfully used as a sole technique for forearm fractures and has high success rates. However, it is uncomfortable for the patient when the fresh fracture is manipulated for conduct of IVRA. Haematoma block (HB) has also been demonstrated as an effective anaesthetic technique for treatment of radial fractures in the ER. Unfortunately, HB does not provide muscular relaxation and may not be sufficient for operative intervention...
July 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Matthew Cauldwell, Kate Von Klemperer, Anselm Uebing, Lorna Swan, Philip J Steer, Michael Gatzoulis, Mark R Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the duration of the passive and active parts of the second stage (SS) of labour in women with cardiac disease (CD) and to assess the adherence to antenatal care plans regarding timing of assisted delivery. Cardiac parameters were measured in a subset of women to investigate any differences between the passive and active SS of labour. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study of 73 women with CD, classified into mWHO Class Groups I-IV. Women were matched with an equal number of women controlling for gestational age, maternal age (+/- five years), parity, use of regional anaesthesia, and spontaneous versus assisted delivery...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Élise Thellier, Dan Benhamou
Caesarean delivery was performed in 20% of all deliveries in France in 2010 and this rate has remained unchanged during the last 10 years. Indications to perform this procedure are well defined, especially in case of scarred uterus, twin pregnancies, macrosomia or breech presentation. Surgical (haemorrhage, urinary or intestinal tract injury) and anaesthetic (hypotension after regional anaesthesia, difficult intubation and aspiration after general anaesthesia) complications may occur during the procedure. Complications may also be encountered in the early postoperative period (haemorrhage, infection, venous thromboembolism) but also on the long-term, such as placenta accreta or uterine rupture which may significantly impact obstetric outcomes...
June 2016: La Revue du Praticien
A Rukewe, A Fatiregun, T O Alonge
BACKGROUND: General anaesthesia and regional anaesthesia have been used successfully for upper extremity orthopaedic procedures. Despite the advantages of regional anaesthesia, there is low utilisation in Nigeria. In this study, we assessed the types of anaesthesia employed for upper extremity surgeries in our centre. METHODS: After obtaining approval from the institutional ethics committee, all the patients who had upper extremity surgeries from 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2012 were included in this review...
September 2014: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
S Khandaitkar, V Kolte, S R Shenoi, N Budhraja
Dexmedetomidine is a selective alpha-2-adrenoceptor agonist used as an adjuvant for regional anaesthesia. We studied its efficacy as an adjuvant to lidocaine in infraorbital nerve block in 90 patients divided equally into three groups. The first group (control) was given 2% lidocaine 2ml only, the second, 2% lidocaine 2ml with dexmedetomidine 14μg peripherally (peripheral group), and the third, 2% lidocaine 2ml peripherally with dexmedetomidine 14μg systemically (systemic group). Onset of anaesthesia, duration of action, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, and heart rate were evaluated...
August 10, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
B K Philip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1992: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
S C Hughes
The practice of obstetric anaesthesia can be highly rewarding. The clinician prepared with an understanding of maternal-fetal physiology (obstetric requirements), systemic narcotics, and regional anaesthesia can be highly effective at relieving pain and bringing about a successful delivery. While alternative techniques should always be considered, particularly those that stress childbirth education, continuous lumbar analgesia remains the most flexible and satisfactory approach. While there is new equipment (fine needles and smaller catheters) on the horizon, it remains to be demonstrated if they can match the success and safety record of present lumbar epidural practice...
May 1992: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Mathieu Boutonnet, Pierre Trouiller, Eric Lopard, René Amalberti, Thierry Houselstein, Pierre Pasquier, Yves Auroy, Guillaume De Saint Maurice
BACKGROUND: Adverse events in the perioperative period remain frequent, occurring in about 30% of the hospital admission and may be avoidable in nearly 50% of cases. Improving safety needs a continuous assessment of the risk level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the MACSF-Sou medical insurance company, including all the statements declared by anaesthesiologists and intensivists, were analyzed retrospectively by three experts, senior anaesthesiologists, of the SFAR, the French society of anesthesia and intensive care (Société française d'anesthésie réanimation) to describe the risk associated with regional anaesthesia...
October 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
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