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Violence in workplace

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448903/violence-trauma-and-living-with-hiv-longitudinal-predictors-of-initiating-crystal-methamphetamine-injection-among-sex-workers
#1
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Shira Goldenberg, Melissa Braschel, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid increases in crystal methamphetamine (CM) use worldwide and established gendered patterns of use, empirical research on CM injection initiation among sex workers is limited. Given the wide range of harms associated with CM, alongside stimulant effects including sexual dis-inhibition and prolonged awake-ness, this study aimed to longitudinally investigate socio-structural predictors of initiating CM injection among sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data (2010-2014) were drawn from a community-based cohort of women sex workers: AESHA (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access)...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436751/analysing-workplace-violence-towards-health-care-staff-in-public-hospitals-using-alternative-ordered-response-models-the-case-of-north-eastern-turkey
#2
Ali Kemal Çelik, Erkan Oktay, Kübranur Çebi
The main objective of this paper is to determine key factors that may have a significant effect on the verbal abuse, emotional abuse, and physical assault of health care workers in north-eastern Turkey. A self-administered survey was conducted to 450 health care workers in three well-established hospitals in Erzurum, Turkey. Due to the discrete and ordered nature of the dependent variable of the survey, the data were analysed using four distinctive ordered response models. Results revealed that several key variables were found to be a significant determinant of workplace violence such as the type of the health institution, occupational position, weekly working hours, weekly shift hours, the number of daily patient contacts, age group of the respondents, experience in the health sector, training against workplace violence, and the current policies of the hospitals and the Turkish Ministry of Health...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412581/workplace-violence-against-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Liuyi Zhang, Anni Wang, Xia Xie, Yanhong Zhou, Jing Li, Lijun Yang, Jingping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a serious problem for clinical nurses, as it leads to a series of adverse consequences. However, little information is available on the prevalence and influencing factors of workplace violence in China. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of workplace violence against Chinese nurses, and its influencing factors. DESIGN: A multi-center, cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: The seven geographical regions (i...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406572/review-article-workplace-violence-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Shradha Nikathil, Alexander Olaussen, Robert A Gocentas, Evan Symons, Biswadev Mitra
Patient or visitor perpetrated workplace violence (WPV) has been reported to be a common occurrence within the ED. No universal definition of violence or recording of such events exists. In addition ED staff are often reluctant to report violent incidents. The true incidence of WPV is therefore unclear. This systematic review aimed to quantify WPV in EDs. The association of WPV to drug and alcohol exposure was explored. The databases MEDLINE, Embase, PsycInfo and the Cochrane Library were searched from their commencement to 10 March 2016...
April 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383621/-violence-on-health-care-workers
#5
M Cannavò, N Fusaro, F Colaiuda, G Rescigno, M Fioravanti
OBJECTIVES: The Emergency Department (ED) is vulnerable for workplace violence, but little is known about this and its consequences. Objectives of this study were presence, characteristics and effects of violence from patients and visitors on health care workers in an Emergency Department (ED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was about the Accident and Emergency Department, S. Pertini Hospital, (ASL RMB, Rome, Italy). Data were collected from November 2014 to January 2015 on frequency and type of violent behavior in the past five years experienced by staff members and their level of stress by an ad hoc questionnaire for the evaluation of violent events in health activities (QVS) and a questionnaire on perceived work-related stress (QES)...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363383/becoming-inclusive-a-code-of-conduct-for-inclusion-and-diversity
#6
Bonnie J Schmidt, Brent R MacWilliams, Leslie Neal-Boylan
There are increasing concerns about exclusionary behaviors and lack of diversity in the nursing profession. Exclusionary behaviors, which may include incivility, bullying, and workplace violence, discriminate and isolate individuals and groups who are different, whereas inclusive behaviors encourage diversity. To address inclusion and diversity in nursing, this article offers a code of conduct. This code of conduct builds on existing nursing codes of ethics and applies to nursing students and nurses in both educational and practice settings...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355455/the-effects-of-trivialization-of-workplace-violence-on-its-victims-profession-and-sex-differences-in-a-cross-sectional-study-among-healthcare-and-law-enforcement-workers
#7
Steve Geoffrion, Jane Goncalves, Richard Boyer, André Marchand, Stéphane Guay
Background: Workers from the law enforcement and healthcare sectors tend to normalize or mute their victimization from workplace violence (WPV). Objectives: This study aims to assess the impact of the trivialization of WPV on psychological consequences for workers who have been affected by a WPV incident. The second aim is to assess the moderating effect of sex on the trivialization of WPV. The third and overarching aim is to assess the moderating effect of professional identity on the relations between individual and organizational factors and psychological consequences following a WPV incident...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350551/the-impact-of-a-violent-physical-assault-on-a-registered-nurse-her-healing-journey-and-return-to-work
#8
Holly Graham
Healthcare practitioners are at an increased risk for workplace violence. What happens to a practitioner after a devastating physical assault from a patient in the workplace? This case report describes the impact of a violent assault on a registered nurse and her healing journey and return to the workplace. The Department of Veteran Affairs/Department of Defense "Clinical Practice Guidelines for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder" outline three categories of risk factors that are associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder: pretraumatic factors, peritraumatic or trauma-related factors, and posttraumatic factors...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343713/workplace-violence-against-women-nurses-working-in-two-public-sector-hospitals-of-lahore-pakistan
#9
Sara Rizvi Jafree
BACKGROUND: Cultural and structural forces help sustain workplace violence (WPV) against feminized professions like nursing in Pakistan. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and patterns of workplace violence (WPV) against women nurses (more than 95% of entire nursing population) in two hospitals of Pakistan. METHODS: A standardized international survey developed by the World Health Organization was used to collect cross-sectional data...
January 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327835/-external-workplace-violence-against-doctors-in-hospital-services-in-lima-metropolitana-peru-2014
#10
Ximena Tuya-Figueroa, Edward Mezones-Holguin, Eduardo Monge, Ricardo Arones, Milagros Mier, Mercedes Saravia, Jose Torres, Percy Mayta-Tristán
Objectives: . To calculate the frequency and factors associated with external workplace violence (EWV) against doctors in health inpatient services in the metropolitan area of Lima (Spanish: Lima Metropolitana), Peru. Materials and methods: . A cross-sectional analytic study, which included doctors from the Ministry of Health (MINSA), Social Security (EsSalud), and the private subsector, was carried out. The frequency of EWV was measured throughout the entire professional practice during the previous 12 months and during the last month...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327484/workplace-violence-against-resident-doctors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-delhi
#11
Tanu Anand, Shekhar Grover, Rajesh Kumar, Madhan Kumar, Gopal Krishna Ingle
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers particularly doctors are at high risk of being victims of verbal and physical violence perpetrated by patients or their relatives. There is a paucity of studies on work-related violence against doctors in India. We aimed to assess the exposure of workplace violence among doctors, its consequences among those who experienced it and its perceived risk factors. METHODS: This study was done among doctors working in a tertiary care hospital in Delhi...
November 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299292/zero-tolerance-policy-the-last-way-to-curb-workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-iranian-healthcare-system
#12
EDITORIAL
Hadi Hassankhani, Amin Soheili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298417/organisational-justice-protects-against-the-negative-effect-of-workplace-violence-on-teachers-sleep-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#13
Kia Gluschkoff, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Jaana Pentti, Paula Salo, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the longitudinal association of workplace violence with disturbed sleep and the moderating role of organisational justice (ie, the extent to which employees are treated with fairness) in teaching. METHODS: We identified 4988 teachers participating in the Finnish Public Sector study who reported encountering violence at work. Disturbed sleep was measured in three waves with 2-year intervals: the wave preceding exposure to violence, the wave of exposure and the wave following the exposure...
March 15, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289458/encouraging-employees-to-report-verbal-violence-in-primary-health-care-in-serbia-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Marina B Fisekovic Kremic, Zorica J Terzic-Supic, Milena M Santric-Milicevic, Goran Z Trajkovic
INTRODUCTION: Workplace violence is a serious and multidimensional problem that adversely affects professional and personal lives of employees. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of verbal violence as a part of psychological violence among employees in primary health care in Belgrade, and to identify contributing factors of verbal violence in the workplace. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the final analysis included 1526 employees, using multi-stage sampling...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272178/workplace-violence-and-perceptions-of-safety-among-emergency-department-staff-members-experiences-expectations-tolerance-reporting-and-recommendations
#15
Darcy Copeland, Melissa Henry
Workplace violence (WPV) is a widely recognized problem in emergency departments (EDs). The majority of WPV studies do not include nonclinical staff and do not address expectations of violence, tolerance to violence, or perceptions of safety. Among a multidisciplinary sample of ED staff members, specific study aims were to (a) describe exposure to WPV; (b) describe perceptions of safety, tolerance to violence, and expectation of violence; (c) describe reporting behaviors and perceived barriers to reporting violence; (d) examine relationships between demographic variables, experiences of violence, tolerance to violence, perceptions of safety, and reporting behaviors; and (e) identify perceptions of viable interventions to improve workplace safety...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270936/aggression-from-patients-or-next-of-kin-and-exposure-to-bullying-behaviors-a-conglomerate-experience
#16
Iselin Reknes, Guy Notelaers, Nils Magerøy, Ståle Pallesen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente Elisabeth Moen, Ståle Einarsen
Although workplace violence and aggression have been identified as important stressors in the nursing profession, studies simultaneously comparing patient-initiated aggression and exposure to bullying behaviors at work are rather scarce. The aim of this study was to compare aggression from patients or next of kin and exposure to bullying behaviors in terms of prevalence, health-related quality of life outcomes, and potential overlap in those targeted. In the period of 2008-2009, data were collected among 2059 members of the Norwegian Nurses Organization...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211836/workplace-violence-and-the-meaning-of-work-in-healthcare-workers-a-phenomenological-study
#17
Josianne Lamothe, Stephane Guay
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) has been associated with turnover intentions and reduced job satisfaction, yet the mechanisms behind such associations are still nebulous. Studying the way people make sense of their work in the context of WPV could lead to a better understanding of its consequences. PURPOSE: The objective of this exploratory study is to identify key features of meaning of work (MOW) in a group of healthcare workers and explain how these features can change following an act of WPV...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196575/workplace-violence-against-nurses-vhembe-district-hospitals-south-africa
#18
Tshifularo Olga Mahani, Henry Abayomi Akinsola, Jabu Mabunda, Helen Tosin Oni
INTRODUCTION: Work-related violence is a common problem worldwide. In South Africa, the Medical Research Council conducted a study on workplace violence in the health care industry and reported that most respondents had experienced it in different forms. PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the types and causes of workplace violence toward nurses in Thulamela hospitals, Vhembe district. METHODS: The study employed a quantitative approach using a cross-sectional design...
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196499/workplace-violence-towards-nurses-in-hong-kong-prevalence-and-correlates
#19
Teris Cheung, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: Nurses are especially vulnerable to violent and other forms of aggression in the workplace. Nonetheless, few population-based studies of workplace violence have been undertaken among working-age nurse professionals in Hong Kong in the last decade. METHODS: The study estimates the prevalence and examines the socio-economic and psychological correlates of workplace violence (WPV) among professional nurses in Hong Kong. The study uses a cross-sectional survey design...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183852/incarceration-and-exposure-to-internally-displaced-persons-camps-associated-with-reproductive-rights-abuses-among-sex-workers-in-northern-uganda
#20
Margaret Erickson, Shira M Goldenberg, Monica Akello, Godfrey Muzaaya, Paul Nguyen, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: While female sex workers (FSWs) face a high burden of violence and criminalisation, coupled with low access to safe, non-coercive care, little is known about such experiences among FSWs in conflict-affected settings, particularly as they relate to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights. We explored factors associated with lifetime abortions among FSWs in northern Uganda; and separately modelled the independent effect of lifetime exposures to incarceration and living in internally displaced persons (IDP) camps on coerced and unsafe abortions...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
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