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Violence in workplace

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669567/the-herrespect-intervention-to-address-violence-against-female-garment-workers-in-bangladesh-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#1
Mahfuz Al Mamun, Kausar Parvin, Marat Yu, Jessica Wan, Samantha Willan, Andrew Gibbs, Rachel Jewkes, Ruchira Tabassum Naved
BACKGROUND: Women in Bangladesh experience high rates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). IPV is more prevalent against income earning women compared to their non-earning counterparts, and Workplace Violence (WPV) is also common. Such violence is a violation of women's rights, and also constrains them from contributing to their personal growth, household, community and the economy at large. There is limited evidence on what works to prevent IPV and WPV amongst garment workers. This paper describes an evaluation of HERrespect, an intervention which aims to reduce IPV and WPV against female garment workers in and around Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668528/organizational-determinants-of-workplace-violence-against-hospital-workers
#2
Judith Arnetz, Lydia E Hamblin, Sukhesh Sudan, Bengt Arnetz
OBJECTIVE: To identify organizational factors contributing to workplace violence in hospitals. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2013 among employees in a Midwestern hospital system (n = 446 respondents). Questions concerned employees' experiences of violence at work in the previous year and perceptions of the organizational safety climate. Logistic regressions examined staff interaction and safety climate factors associated with verbal and physical violence, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650182/workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-indonesian-emergency-departments
#3
Anggri Noorana Zahra, Jui-Ying Feng
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the experiences of violent incidents by nurses in Indonesian emergency departments. METHOD: The World Health Organization's structured questionnaire on workplace violence in the health sector was modified and translated into Bahasa. The study participants were 169 nurses working in emergency departments in six hospitals in Jakarta and Bekasi, Indonesia. The gathered data were analyzed using descriptive and multivariate logistic regression...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644987/preventing-and-managing-workplace-violence-against-healthcare-workers-in-emergency-departments
#4
Gabriele D'Ettorre, Vincenza Pellicani, Mauro Mazzotta, Annamaria Vullo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Healthcare workers (HCWs) employed in Emergency Departments (EDs) frequently face with patients becoming violent because of long wait or diseases or under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Globally, workplace violence (WPV) in EDs is a major challenge to safety for HCWs, involving significant consequences to the victims, patients, and healthcare organizations. We reviewed the current literature with the aim to explore the topics focused on and to detect new evidences about approaching the issue of WPV toward HCWs in EDs...
February 21, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582701/extending-the-duluth-model-to-workplace-bullying-a-modification-and-adaptation-of-the-workplace-power-control-wheel
#5
Hannah S Scott
Workplace bullying (WB) is an increasingly prevalent topic in the nursing literature. Recently, a new concept has been introduced into WB research to explain the motivations of WB instigators using elements of the Power-Control Wheel (PCW). Initially, this wheel was designed to assist intimate partner violence (IPV) targets/victims identify patterns of abuse and intervene with male batterers/instigators. Research examining IPV and victims/survivors of WB demonstrate that targets often share common abusive experiences, including intimidation, coercion and threats, isolation, and economic and emotional abuse...
March 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582039/violence-against-ambulance-personnel-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-national-data-from-safe-work-australia
#6
Brian J Maguire
Objectives and importance: Paramedics have high rates of occupational injury and fatality. The objective of this study is to describe their specific risks of violence-related injury. STUDY TYPE: This retrospective cohort study is an examination of retrospective data provided by Safe Work Australia (SWA). METHODS: An examination of the 300 cases of serious claims of injury related to assaults, violence, harassment and bullying that occurred among individuals identified as ambulance officers and paramedics in Australia from 2001 to 2014...
March 15, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579519/prevalence-of-workplace-violence-against-chinese-nurses-and-its-association-with-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Shihong Zhao, Fengzhe Xie, Jinghui Wang, Yu Shi, Shue Zhang, Xuanye Han, Zhinan Sun, Lei Shi, Zhe Li, Huitong Mu, Xin Liu, Wenhui Liu, Lei Gao, Tao Sun, Lihua Fan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study to investigate the prevalence of workplace violence (WPV) in nurses in hospitals in China, and its influence on nurses' mental health. METHODS: A cross-sectional, anonymous survey was conducted with 886 nurses (effective response rate: 87.46%) from Heilongjiang Province of China. RESULTS: Findings revealed that 595 of the 886 participating nurses (67.2%) were exposed to different levels of WPV. Further, WPV was correlated positively with nurses' anxiety (r=0...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579486/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-a-chinese-top-level-teaching-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Xiaoming Chen, Ming Lv, Min Wang, Xiufeng Wang, Junyan Liu, Nan Zheng, Chunlan Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of workplace violence involving nurses and to identify related risk factors in a high-quality Chinese teaching hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. The final sample comprised responses from 1831 registered nurses collected with a whole-hospital survey from June 1 to June 15, 2016. The demographic characteristics of the nurses who had experienced any form of violence were collected, and logistic regression analysis was applied to evaluate the risk factors for nurses related to workplace violence...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573827/the-experience-of-being-a-psychiatric-nurse-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, Angelica Viana Ferrari, Daiana Priscila Rodrigues-de-Souza, Paula Paras-Bravo, Juan Francisco Velarde-García, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
The purpose of the study was to summarize the experiences of African psychiatric nurses in their workplace by examining the findings of existing qualitative studies. Eleven studies published in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, between 1998 and 2016, which explored psychiatric nurses' experiences in Africa, were included. After meta-aggregation, five key findings were identified: (a) organization and management, characterized by the lack of resources and institutional support, the presence of work dissatisfaction, and the difficulties of applying quality care; (b) the perception of insecurity, characterized by an unsafe environment for the nurse and the patient, the presence of violence, and the blaming of the assaulted nurses; (c) the relationship with the psychiatric patient, characterized by a lack of training concerning the management of the psychiatric patient; (d) emotional experiences, highlighting negative feelings and mental and physical exhaustion; and (e) proposals for improvement, needs for greater training opportunities, institutional support, and interprofessional collaboration...
February 2, 2018: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573119/determine-and-compare-the-viewpoints-of-nurses-patients-and-their-relatives-to-workplace-violence-against-nurses
#10
Nasib Babaei, Azad Rahmani, Marziyeh Avazeh, Ali-Reza Mohajjelaghdam, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Abbass Dadashzadeh
AIM: The present study aims to assess the perception of nurses, patients and their relatives regarding the nature of workplace violence against nurses. BACKGROUND: Workplace violence adversely affects the health, well-being and safety of nurses and the quality of nursing care. METHODS: In the present descriptive comparative study, the nature of violence was assessed using a modified and validated International Labor Office, the International Council of Nurses, World Health Organization, and Public Services International Questionnaire...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564140/emotional-labor-workplace-violence-and-depressive-symptoms-in-female-bank-employees-a-questionnaire-survey-using-the-k-els-and-k-wvs
#11
Guang Hwi Kim, Hee Sung Lee, Sung Won Jung, Jae Gwang Lee, June Hee Lee, Kyung Jae Lee, Joo Ja Kim
Background: In modern society, the scale of the service industry is continuously expanding, and the number of service workers is increasing. Correspondingly, physical and mental problems related to emotional labor are becoming a major social problem. In this study, we investigated the relationship between emotional labor, workplace violence, and depressive symptoms in female bank employees, which is a typical service industry. Methods: In this study, the Korean Emotional Labor Scale (K-ELS) and Korean Workplace Violence Scale (K-WVS) were distributed to 381 female workers in their 20s at a bank in Seoul, Korea...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548023/post-traumatic-reactions-and-their-predictors-among-workers-who-experienced-serious-violent-acts-are-there-sex-differences
#12
Steve Geoffrion, Jane Goncalves, André Marchand, Richard Boyer, Alain Marchand, Marc Corbière, Stéphane Guay
Background: Serious violent acts (e.g. physical violence, robbery, sexual aggression and death threats) are among the most visible and notable examples of workplace violence. Although women are commonly found to be at higher risk for post-traumatic reactions following workplace violence, little is known as regards sex differences concerning the types of post-traumatic reactions and their predictors. Objective: This study aimed to describe sex differences in the post-traumatic reactions of serious violent acts and the predictors of such reactions...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540237/what-s-in-an-eye-roll-it-is-time-we-explore-the-role-of-workplace-incivility-in-healthcare
#13
REVIEW
Sharone Bar-David
A recent study of patient violence toward hospital physicians and nurses offers a welcome perspective in its classifying of aggressive behaviors as workplace violence. While patients and families are widely recognized as sources of rude behaviors, we need to shed light on passive aggressive and other low-level rude behaviors that take place frequently amongst hospital personnel as well. Studied under the term "workplace incivility," these seemingly insignificant behaviors that show lack of regard for colleagues have far reaching negative consequences...
March 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535652/mental-health-nurse-s-exposure-to-workplace-violence-leads-to-job-stress-which-leads-to-reduced-professional-quality-of-life
#14
Michal Itzhaki, Irit Bluvstein, Anat Peles Bortz, Hava Kostistky, Dor Bar Noy, Vivian Filshtinsky, Miriam Theilla
Professional quality of life (ProQOL) reflects how individuals feel about their work as helpers. Psychiatric ward nurses cope with significant psychological and physical challenges, including exposure to verbal and physical violence. This study was based on two aspects of ProQOL, the positive compassion satisfaction, and the negative compassion fatigue, with the aim of investigating the relation of ProQOL to job stress and violence exposure at a large mental health center. Data were collected from 114 mental health nurses (49/63 M/F) who completed a self-administered questionnaire examining violence exposure, ProQOL, and job stress...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531616/stress-factors-among-nurses-at-the-primary-and-secondary-level-of-public-sector-health-care-the-case-of-slovenia
#15
Jasmina Starc
BACKGROUND: Working in nursing is mentally and physically demanding and is one of the most stressful professions. AIM: To determine the basic causes of stress and examine the symptoms of stress among healthcare professionals at the primary and secondary level of health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was based on the descriptive and causal non-experimental method of empirical research. The independent samples t-test was used. RESULTS: The survey results have shown that those employed in nursing are exposed to stressful situations on a daily basis, most often involving psychological or physical violence in the workplace (M = 4...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530016/role-of-working-conditions-in-the-explanation-of-occupational-inequalities-in-work-injury-findings-from-the-national-french-sumer-survey
#16
Isabelle Niedhammer, Thomas Lesuffleur, Géraldine Labarthe, Jean-François Chastang
BACKGROUND: Social inequalities in work injury have been observed but explanations are still missing. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the contribution of working conditions in the explanation of social inequalities in work injury in a national representative sample of employees. METHODS: The study was based on the cross-sectional sample of the national French survey SUMER 2010 including 46,962 employees, 26,883 men and 20,079 women. The number of work injuries within the last 12 months was studied as the outcome...
March 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519210/violence-against-children-in-afghanistan-community-perspectives
#17
Cate M Cameron, Patrick J O'Leary, Ali Lakhani, Jodie M Osborne, Luana de Souza, Kristen Hope, Mohammad S Naimi, Hassan Khan, Qazi S Jawad, Sabir Majidi
Violence against children (VAC) is a significant international problem and, in Afghanistan, is particularly complex given the country has suffered armed conflict and extreme poverty for more than 30 years. The aim of this study was to examine the level of knowledge and observation of VAC by community leaders, professional groups, and business owners in three Afghan districts. A survey of community and religious leaders; health, socio-legal, and education professionals; and business owners from Kabul, Jalalabad, and Torkham ( n = 182) was conducted...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514586/an-integrative-review-of-bullying-and-lateral-violence-among-nurses-in-magnet%C3%A2-organizations
#18
Lauren E Pfeifer, Judith A Vessey
Over the past several years, researchers have postulated that Magnet® organizations improve collegiality and potentially could mitigate workplace bullying and lateral violence (BLV). In order to synthesize and evaluate the existing literature on BLV in the Magnet® setting, an integrative review was conducted. The final analysis consisted of 11 articles (8 quantitative and 3 qualitative studies) and revealed that researchers still use a variety of terms to define and measure BLV. Several of the studies used blended samples of both Magnet® and non-Magnet nurses, making it difficult to evaluate for response differences...
August 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503832/workplace-violence-against-residents-in-emergency-department-and-reasons-for-not-reporting-them-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Gilava Hedayati Emam, Hossein Alimohammadi, Akram Zolfaghari Sadrabad, Hamidreza Hatamabadi
Introduction: Due to the stressful nature of emergency Department (ED), residents in ED are at risk of violence from patients or their associates. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of workplace violence against ED residents and the reasons for not reporting them. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on ED residents of three educational hospitals, Tehran, Iran, during 2015. The national questionnaire about workplace violence was used for data gathering...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495156/-analysis-of-the-impact-of-job-characteristics-and-organizational-support-for-workplace-violence
#20
M L Li, P Chen, F H Zeng, Q L Cui, J Zeng, X S Zhao, Z N Li
Objective: To analyze the effect of job characteristics and organizational support for workplace violence, explore the influence path and the theoretical model, and provide a theoretical basis for reducing workplace violence. Methods: Stratified random sampling was used to select 813 medical staff, conductors and bus drivers in Chongqing with a self-made questionnaire to investigate job characteristics, organization attitude toward workplace violence, workplace violence, fear of violence, workplace violence, etc from February to October, 2014...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
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