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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735038/perceived-academic-benefit-is-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-use-among-college-students
#1
Amelia M Arria, Irene M Geisner, M Dolores Cimini, Jason R Kilmer, Kimberly M Caldeira, Angelica L Barrall, Kathryn B Vincent, Nicole Fossos-Wong, Jih-Cheng Yeh, Isaac Rhew, Christine M Lee, Geetha A Subramaniam, David Liu, Mary E Larimer
INTRODUCTION: College students are at higher than average risk for nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). A commonly identified motive among students who engage in NPS is to improve grades. Several research studies have observed that NPS most likely does not confer an academic advantage, and is associated with excessive drinking and other drug use. This study documents the proportion of the general college student population who believe that NPS will lead to improvements in academic performance...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734722/guidelines-for-the-understanding-and-management-of-pain-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#2
REVIEW
Asbjørn M Drewes, Stefan A W Bouwense, Claudia M Campbell, Güralp O Ceyhan, Myriam Delhaye, Ihsan Ekin Demir, Pramod K Garg, Harry van Goor, Christopher Halloran, Shuiji Isaji, John P Neoptolemos, Søren S Olesen, Tonya Palermo, Pankaj Jay Pasricha, Andrea Sheel, Tooru Shimosegawa, Eva Szigethy, David C Whitcomb, Dhiraj Yadav
Abdominal pain is the foremost complication of chronic pancreatitis (CP). Pain can be related to recurrent or chronic inflammation, local complications or neurogenic mechanisms with corresponding changes in the nervous systems. Both pain intensity and the frequency of pain attacks have been shown to reduce quality of life in patients with CP. Assessment of pain follows the guidelines for other types of chronic pain, where the multidimensional nature of symptom presentation is taken into consideration. Quantitative sensory testing may be used to characterize pain, but is currently used in a research setting in advanced laboratories...
July 13, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#3
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728695/alcohol-septal-ablation-for-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-word-of-balance
#4
REVIEW
Paul Sorajja
The management of drug-refractory symptoms of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has long been debated and is primarily centered on the choice between surgical myectomy and alcohol septal ablation. Decision making in these patients requires consideration of procedural risk, expertise and efficacy, and the long-term impact on patients' survival. Although there have been numerous reports on these procedures that may help guide decision making, these data continue to be self-reported and voluntary. Greater insight into the real-world experience for these therapies and how they should be applied in practice would be gained from mandatory reporting, akin to other multidisciplinary, transcatheter-based therapies...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728637/drinking-location-and-drinking-culture-and-their-association-with-alcohol-use-among-girls-and-boys-in-europe
#5
Bettina Grüne, Daniela Piontek, Pawel Sleczka, Ludwig Kraus, Oliver Pogarell
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (a) investigate the relationship between drinking location and adolescent alcohol use, (b) analyze the association of drinking culture indicators with alcohol use, and (c) explore interaction effects of drinking location and drinking culture indicators. METHOD: Analyses were based on the 2011 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). The analytical sample consisted of 15- to 16-year-old students (N = 36,366; 51...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728636/magnitude-and-trends-in-heavy-episodic-drinking-alcohol-impaired-driving-and-alcohol-related-mortality-and-overdose-hospitalizations-among-emerging-adults-of-college-ages-18-24-in-the-united-states-1998-2014
#6
Ralph Hingson, Wenxing Zha, Daniel Smyth
OBJECTIVE: This article estimates percentages of U.S. emerging adults ages 18-24 engaging in past-month heavy episodic drinking and past-year alcohol-impaired driving, and numbers experiencing alcohol-related unintentional injury deaths and overdose hospitalizations between 1998 and 2014. METHOD: We analyzed national injury mortality data from coroner, census, and college enrollment statistics, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727525/trends-in-prescription-opioids-detected-in-fatally-injured-drivers-in-6-us-states-1995-2015
#7
Stanford Chihuri, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To assess the time trends in prescription opioids detected in fatally injured drivers. METHODS: We analyzed 1995 to 2015 Fatality Analysis Reporting System data from California, Hawaii, Illinois, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and West Virginia of toxicological tests for drivers fatally injured within 1 hour of a crash (n = 36 729). We used the Cochran-Armitage test for trend to assess the statistical significance of changes in the prevalence of prescription opioids detected in these drivers over time...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727520/undocumented-immigration-drug-problems-and-driving-under-the-influence-in-the-united-states-1990-2014
#8
Michael T Light, Ty Miller, Brian C Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence of undocumented immigration in the United States on 4 different metrics of drug and alcohol problems: drug arrests, drug overdose fatalities, driving under the influence (DUI) arrests, and DUI deaths. METHODS: We combined newly developed state-level estimates of the undocumented population between 1990 and 2014 from the Center for Migration Studies with arrest data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports and fatality information from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Underlying Cause of Death database...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725261/health-risk-behavior-among-chronically-ill-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-assessment-tools
#9
REVIEW
Derrick Ssewanyana, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with chronic illnesses engage in health risk behaviors (HRB) which pose challenges for optimizing care and management of their ill health. Frequent monitoring of HRB is recommended, however little is known about which are the most useful tools to detect HRB among chronically ill adolescents. AIMS: This systematic review was conducted to address important knowledge gaps on the assessment of HRB among chronically ill adolescents. Its specific aims were to: identify HRB assessment tools, the geographical location of the studies, their means of administration, the psychometric properties of the tools and the commonest forms of HRB assessed among adolescents living with chronic illnesses globally...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723805/acute-pancreatitis-induced-by-etoposide-lobaplatin-combination-chemotherapy-used-for-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Cheng-Liang Cao, Peng-Yu Duan, Wang-Jun Zhang, Le Li, Feng-Zhi Qu, Bei Sun, Gang Wang
RATIONALE: Drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) is a rare type of pancreatitis that is not usually observed in the clinical practice. It is generally difficult to distinguish from acute pancreatitis (AP) induced by other causes. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 62-year-old Chinese female patient with "small cell lung cancer" as the initial presentation. Because the patient could not bear the surgical treatment, the chemotherapy composed of lobaplatin and etoposide was performed...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723300/interest-in-using-mobile-technology-to-help-self-manage-alcohol-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-a-florida-cohort-cross-sectional-study
#11
J Danielle Sharpe, Zhi Zhou, César G Escobar-Viera, Jamie P Morano, Robert J Lucero, Gladys E Ibañez, Mark Hart, Christa L Cook, Robert L Cook
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption at hazardous levels is more prevalent and associated with poor health outcomes among persons living with HIV (PLWH). Although PLWH are receptive to using technology to manage health issues, it is unknown whether a cell phone app to self-manage alcohol use would be acceptable among PLWH who drink. The objectives of this study were to determine factors associated with interest in an app to self-manage drinking and to identify differences in baseline mobile technology use among PLWH by drinking level...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723266/age-of-initiation-psychopathology-and-other-substance-use-are-associated-with-time-to-use-disorder-diagnosis-in-persons-using-opioids-nonmedically
#12
Ty S Schepis, Jahn K Hakes
BACKGROUND: Nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) is an ongoing public health challenge, as NMUPO is associated with psychopathology, other drug use and fatal overdose. These concomitant risks are greatest in those with opioid use disorder (OUD), but the development of NMUPO-related use disorder is poorly understood. The primary aim of this study was to establish factors associated with the development of and time to OUD among persons engaged in NMUPO. METHODS: Data were from Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions, with 1,755 participants endorsing lifetime NMUPO...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721822/opioid-antagonists-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-gambling-disorder-are-they-relevant
#13
Caroline Victorri-Vigneau, Andrew Spiers, Pascal Caillet, Mélanie Bruneau, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Background To date, no drugs have been approved for gambling disorder. Numerous publications have described the value of opioid antagonists. Indeed, the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic pathway has been suggested as the underlying cause of reward-seeking behaviour, and it is modulated by the opioid system. Objective This study aims to evaluate the relevance of opioid antagonists for treating GD. Method A systematic literature review was conducted. A search of the PubMed electronic database, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Systematic Review Database without any limits was performed...
July 18, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721480/intermittent-and-daily-smokers-subjective-responses-to-smoking
#14
Saul Shiffman, Lauren Terhorst
RATIONALE: One third of US smokers are intermittent smokers (ITS) who do not smoke daily. Unlike daily smokers (DS), whose smoking is negatively reinforced by withdrawal relief, ITS may be motivated by immediate positive reinforcement. In contrast, incentive salience theory posits hypothesis that "liking" of drug effects fades in established users, such as DS. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare ITS' and DS' hedonic responses to smoking. METHODS: Participants were 109 ITS (smoking 4-27 days/month) and 52 DS (smoking daily 5-25 cigarettes/day), aged ≥21, smoking ≥3 years, and not quitting smoking...
July 18, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721134/osteoporosis-in-men
#15
REVIEW
Waldemar Misiorowski
Osteoporotic fractures are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among aging men. 30% of all hip fractures occur in men, and mortality resulting from not only the hip fracture, but also the spine and other major osteoporotic fractures, is significantly higher in men than in women. As in women, hypogonadism is the best documented risk factor for developing osteoporosis in men. In older men, testosterone levels are negatively correlated with the risk of fractures, and it seems that this age-related testosterone deficiency should not be considered as one of the many causes of secondary osteoporosis, rather one of the major and most important mechanisms of senile osteoporosis...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719079/associations-between-drugs-and-small-bowel-mucosal-bleeding-a-multicenter-capsule-endoscopy-study
#16
Ryota Niikura, Atsuo Yamada, Koutarou Maki, Masanao Nakamura, Hirotsugu Watabe, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Shiro Oka, Motohiro Esaki, Shunji Fujimori, Atsushi Nakajima, Naoki Ohmiya, Takayuki Matsumoto, Shinji Tanaka, Kazuhiko Koike, Choitsu Sakamoto
OBJECTIVES: Although several drugs may induce small-bowel mucosal injuries, it is unclear whether these injuries contribute to overt small-bowel bleeding. This study was designed to evaluate the associations between drug use and small-bowel mucosal injury and between these mucosal injuries and overt bleeding in a disease-relevant population. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with suspected small-bowel diseases who underwent capsule endoscopy between 2010 and 2013...
July 18, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716791/factors-associated-with-nicotine-dependence-during-methadone-maintenance-treatment-findings-from-a-multisite-survey-in-vietnam
#17
Huyen Phuc Do, Long Hoang Nguyen, Nhung Phuong Thi Nguyen, Chau Ngo, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Giang Tong Le, Linh Khanh Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Le, Thuc Minh Thi Vu, Huong Thu Thi Phan, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Michael P Dunne
OBJECTIVES: Smoking is associated with adverse health outcomes among drug users, including those in treatment. To date, however, there has been little evidence about smoking patterns among people receiving opioid-dependence treatment in developing countries. We examined self-reported nicotine dependence and associated factors in a large sample of opioid-dependent patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in northern Vietnam. SETTING: Five clinics in Hanoi (urban area) and Nam Dinh (rural area)...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716132/a-patient-safety-and-professional-perspective-on-non-conveyance-in-ambulance-care-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Remco H A Ebben, Lilian C M Vloet, Renate F Speijers, Nico W Tönjes, Jorik Loef, Thomas Pelgrim, Margreet Hoogeveen, Sivera A A Berben
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to describe non-conveyance in ambulance care from patient-safety and ambulance professional perspectives. The review specifically focussed at describing (1) ambulance non-conveyance rates, (2) characteristics of non-conveyed patients, (3) follow-up care after non-conveyance, (4) existing guidelines or protocols, and (5) influencing factors during the non-conveyance decision making process. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and reference lists of included articles, in June 2016...
July 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715729/consistent-association-between-hypnotics-sedatives-and-non-traffic-injuries-results-from-a-national-household-survey
#19
María Del Mar Martín-Rodríguez, José Pulido, Eladio Jiménez-Mejías, Juan Hoyos, Pablo Lardelli-Claret, Gregorio Barrio
AIM: To quantify the relationship between patterns of psychostimulants, hypnotics/sedatives and alcohol consumption and the frequency of unintentional non-traffic injuries (UNTIs) requiring medical assistant in Spain. METHODS: We carried out a cross sectional study using a randomized pooled sample from two household surveys on psychoactive drugs use (n=51,649 subjects aged 15-64 years). We estimated the magnitude of the association between the use of psychostimulants and hypnotics/sedatives in the last 12 months as well as alcohol consumption in the last 30days with the occurrence of UNTIs in the last 12 months (falls, knocks/bumps and cuts) by building several logistic regression models, which took into account the effect of sociodemographic characteristics and the use of other psychoactive drugs (including cannabis)...
July 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714900/a-nutrigenomic-approach-to-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
REVIEW
Paola Dongiovanni, Luca Valenti
Following the epidemics of obesity due to the consumption of high-calorie diet and sedentary lifestyle, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now the leading cause of liver disease in Western countries. NAFLD is epidemiologically associated with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance, and in susceptible individuals it may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Genetic factors play a key role in NAFLD predisposition by interacting with nutritional and other environmental factors. To date, there is no drug therapy for the treatment of NAFLD, and the main clinical recommendation is lifestyle modification...
July 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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