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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924696/commercially-available-compression-garments-or-electrical-stimulation-do-not-enhance-recovery-following-a-sprint-competition-in-elite-cross-country-skiers
#1
Andrew David Govus, Erik Petrus Andersson, Oliver Michael Shannon, Holly Provis, Mathilda Karlsson, Kerry McGawley
This study investigated whether commercially available compression garments (COMP) exerting a moderate level of pressure and/or neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) accelerate recovery following a cross-country sprint skiing competition compared with a control group (CON) consisting of active recovery only. Twenty-one senior (12 males, 9 females) and 11 junior (6 males, 5 females) Swedish national team skiers performed an outdoor sprint skiing competition involving four sprints lasting ∼3-4 min. Before the competition, skiers were matched by sex and skiing level (senior versus junior) and randomly assigned to COMP (n = 11), NMES (n = 11) or CON (n = 10)...
June 20, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922732/prognostic-value-of-plasma-st2-in-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome
#2
Çağrı Kokkoz, Adnan Bilge, Mehmet Irik, Halil I Dayangaç, Mustafa Hayran, Funda Karbek Akarca, Nimet Bilal Erdem, Musa Çavuş
Objective: The aim of this study is to detect plasma ST2 levels in patients who were admitted to emergency department with chest pain and diagnosed with non st segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and to research the relationship between 28-day mortality and ST2 levels. Methods: The present study was conducted at Emergency Department of Celal Bayar University Hafsa Sultan Hospital between September 2015 and January 2016 as a prospective, single-center, cross-sectional study...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922640/segmental-colitis-associated-diverticulosis-a-possible-diagnosis-in-teenagers
#3
Cristina O Mǎrginean, Lorena E Meliţ, Maria O Mǎrginean
Segmental colitis associated with diverticulosis (SCAD) is manifested by active chronic inflammation of the colonic segments affected by diverticulosis, luminal-mucosal inflammation, independent of the presence of inflammation within and/or around the diverticula, and it usually spares the rectum. We present the case of a 15-year-old female admitted to our clinic due to lower digestive hemorrhage and abdominal pain in the previous week, associated with fever 1 day prior to admission. The patient had pallor, painful abdomen upon palpation, accelerated bowel movements, and macroscopic evidence of blood in the stools...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916947/factors-associated-with-developing-vaginal-dryness-symptoms-in-women-transitioning-through-menopause-a-longitudinal-study
#4
L Elaine Waetjen, Sybil L Crawford, Po-Yin Chang, Barbara D Reed, Rachel Hess, Nancy E Avis, Sioban D Harlow, Gail A Greendale, Sheila A Dugan, Ellen B Gold
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors associated with incident self-reported vaginal dryness and the consequences of this symptom across the menopausal transition in a multiracial/ethnic cohort of community-dwelling women. METHODS: We analyzed questionnaire and biomarker data from baseline and 13 approximately annual visits over 17 years (1996-2013) from 2,435 participants in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation, a prospective cohort study. We used discrete-time Cox proportional-hazards regression to identify predictors of incident vaginal dryness and to evaluate vaginal dryness as a predictor of pain during intercourse and changes in sexual intercourse frequency...
June 18, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913906/using-fmri-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-milnacipran-on-central-pain-processing-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#5
F Petzke, K B Jensen, E Kosek, E Choy, S Carville, P Fransson, S C R Williams, H Marcus, Y Mainguy, M Ingvar, R H Gracely
Background In recent years, the prescription of serotonin-noradrenalin reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) for treatment of fibromyalgia (FM) has increased with reports of their efficacy. The SNRI milnacipran is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of FM, yet, the mechanisms by which milnacipran reduces FM symptoms are unknown. A large number of neuroimaging studies have demonstrated altered brain function in patients with FM but the effect of milnacipran on central pain processing has not been investigated...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913818/multivariate-pattern-analysis-of-evoked-brain-potentials-by-temporal-matching-pursuit-and-support-vector-machine
#6
Carina Graversen, Christina Brock, Jens Brøndum Frøkjær, Georg Dimcevski, Dario Farina, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes
Background/aims Electroencephalography (EEG) recorded as evoked brain potentials (EPs) reflects the cortical processing to an external event. This approach is often used to study the altered response to acute pain in chronic pain patients compared to healthy volunteers. However, discrimination of the responses from the study populations is a non-trivial task, which calls for improved objective methods. Methods To develop and validate a new methodology, we analyzed data from 16 type-1 diabetes mellitus patients and 15 age and gender matched volunteers, by means of brain activity recorded from 62 EEG channels...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913800/offset-analgesia-a-reproducibility-study
#7
Matias Nilsson, Thomas Dahl Nissen, Carina Graversen, Parisa Gazerani, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Christina Brock
Background and aims/objectives Offset analgesia (OA) is a newly discovered pain-inhibiting mechanism, defined as a disproportionately large decrease in pain perception in response to a decrease in noxious stimulus intensity. Offset analgesia is usually evoked using heat as noxious stimulus (44-47 °C) and a slight decrease (1 °C) in stimulus intensity causes the volunteers to be pain-free for 5-10 s, despite the presence of a constant noxious stimulus. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the OA phenomenon is reproducible within the same day and between different days in order to evaluate whether the phenomenon can be used as a prognostic/diagnostic tool or as a potential therapeutic target in pain treatment...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913704/cathepsin-s-is-increased-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-from-patients-with-neuropathic-pain-a-support-of-the-microglia-hypothesis-in-humans
#8
Torsten Gordh, Anne-Li Lind, Constantin Bodolea, Ellen Hewitt, Anders Larsson
Aims Cathepsin S has been reported to be a biomarker of spinal microglial activation, a process suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of chronic neuropathic pain. So far this has been shown only in animal experiments. The aim of this study was to investigate the concentrations of cathepsin S in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from a well-defined patient cohort suffering from neuropathic pain as compared to controls. Methods CSF samples from patients suffering from chronic neuropathic pain (n = 14) were analyzed for cathepsin S levels using commercial sandwich ELISAs (DY1183, R&D Systems, Minneapolis, MN, USA)...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913642/biomarkers-of-pain-zemblanity
#9
Vesa Kontinen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908497/stereoselective-effects-of-ibuprofen-in-adult-zebrafish-danio-rerio-using-uplc-tof-ms-based-metabolomics
#10
Yue Song, Tingting Chai, Zhiqiang Yin, Xining Zhang, Wei Zhang, Yongzhong Qian, Jing Qiu
Ibuprofen (IBU), as a commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and pharmaceutical and personal care product (PPCP), is frequently prescribed by doctors to relieve pain. It is widely released into environmental water and soil in the form of chiral enantiomers by the urination and defecation of humans or animals and by sewage discharge from wastewater treatment plants. This study focused on the alteration of metabolism in the adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) brain after exposure to R-(-)-/S-(+)-/rac-IBU at 5 μg L-1 for 28 days...
June 9, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906407/crosstalk-between-the-immune-system-and-neural-pathways-in-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#11
Kevin Duh, Michael G Funaro, William DeGouveia, Sonia Bahlani, Dominic Pappas, Souhel Najjar, Inna Tabansky, Robert Moldwin, Joel N H Stern
Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS) is a condition causing intense pelvic pain and urinary symptoms. While it is thought to affect millions of people and significantly impair quality of life, difficulty with diagnosis and a lack of reliably effective treatment options leave much progress to be made in managing this condition. We describe what is currently known about the immunological and neurological basis of this disease, focusing on the interactions between the immune and nervous system...
May 2018: Discovery Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898036/role-of-non-coding-rnas-in-non-aging-related-neurological-disorders
#12
A S Vieira, D B Dogini, I Lopes-Cendes
Protein coding sequences represent only 2% of the human genome. Recent advances have demonstrated that a significant portion of the genome is actively transcribed as non-coding RNA molecules. These non-coding RNAs are emerging as key players in the regulation of biological processes, and act as "fine-tuners" of gene expression. Neurological disorders are caused by a wide range of genetic mutations, epigenetic and environmental factors, and the exact pathophysiology of many of these conditions is still unknown...
June 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897996/anti-tumor-activity-of-phenoxybenzamine-and-its-inhibition-of-histone-deacetylases
#13
Mario A Inchiosa
The principal finding from this study was the recognition that the α-adrenergic antagonist, phenoxybenzamine, possesses histone deacetylase inhibitory activity. Phenoxybenzamine is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of hypertensive crises associated with tumors of the adrenal medulla, pheochromocytomas. It has several "off label" indications relative to its capacity to relax vascular smooth muscle and smooth muscle of the urogenital tract. The drug also has a long history of apparent efficacy in ameliorating, and perhaps reversing, the severe symptoms of neuropathic pain syndromes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891106/-no-pain-no-gain-still-true-with-immunotherapy-when-the-finger-shows-the-moon-look-at-the-moon
#14
REVIEW
G Milano, F Innocenti, B Lacarelle, J Ciccolini
There is a rising evidence that the proverbial statement "No pain, No gain" first coined at the light of pioneering clinical experiences with canonical chemotherapy still holds true in the era of modern treatments of cancer. This close relationship between the occurrence of specific drug-related toxicity and treatment outcome has been confirmed since then with a large variety of treatments, ranging from cytotoxics, hormonotherapy, targeted therapy and much interestingly even with the latest immune checkpoint inhibitors...
July 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888275/azilsartan-as-add-on-treatment-with-methotrexate-improves-the-disease-activity-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
Naza Mohammed Ali Mahmood, Saad Abdulrahman Hussain, Hawar Ali Ehsan Kaka Khan
Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of azilsartan (Azil) as "add-on" treatment with methotrexate (MTX) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: This single center, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, pilot study included 64 patients with active RA. Patients received either placebo or Azil in addition to their currently used MTX doses for 90 days. The primary outcomes were DAS-28, SDAI, HAQ-DI, CDAI, EGA, and swollen and tender joints count...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886446/ultrasound-guided-tendon-fenestration-versus-open-release-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-lateral-epicondylosis-of-the-elbow-protocol-for-a-prospective-randomised-single-blinded-study
#16
Eugen Lungu, Philippe Grondin, Patrice Tétreault, François Desmeules, Guy Cloutier, Manon Choinière, Nathalie J Bureau
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lateral epicondylosis (CLE) of the elbow is a prevalent condition among middle-aged people with no consensus on optimal care management but for which surgery is generally accepted as a second intention treatment. Among conservative treatment options, ultrasound (US)-guided fenestration has shown encouraging results that should be explored before surgery is considered. The primary objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of US-guided fenestration with open-release surgery in patients with failure to improve following a minimum 6 months of conservative treatment...
June 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873747/pneumatic-dart-delivery-of-tulathromycin-in-calves-results-in-lower-antimicrobial-concentrations-and-increased-biomarkers-of-stress-and-injection-site-inflammation-compared-to-subcutaneous-injection
#17
Johann F Coetzee, Michael D Kleinhenz, Drew R Magstadt, Vickie L Cooper, Larry W Wulf, Nicholas K Van Engen, Joseph S Smith, Nathan Rand, Butch KuKanich, Patrick J Gorden
Remote drug delivery (RDD) using pneumatic darts has become more prevalent in situations where cattle handling facilities are not available. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of pneumatic dart delivery and subcutaneous injection of tulathromycin on plasma pharmacokinetics and biomarkers of inflammation, stress, and muscle injury in calves. Twenty-three castrated-male Holstein calves, approximately 10 months of age with an average weight of 378 ± 6.49 kg, were randomly assigned to one of two groups...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865011/biomarkers-alterations-in-trapezius-muscle-after-an-acute-tissue-trauma-a-human-microdialysis-study
#18
L B Sørensen, P Gazerani, K Wåhlén, N Ghafouri, B Gerdle, B Ghafouri
Aims Alteration in muscle milieu has been proposed as one of the main contributors underlying chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). Microdialysis (MD) provides real-time information on release of pain and metabolic biomarkers in muscle. However, insertion of MD probe causes a local tissue trauma, which may affect the tissue milieu. Whether an acute tissue trauma alter pain and metabolite biomarkers in trapezius muscle of patients with CMP is not known. Hence, this study investigated changes in muscle metabolites following MD probe insertion in patients with CMP in comparison with healthy controls...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864984/renal-function-estimations-and-dose-recommendations-for-gabapentin-ibuprofen-and-morphine-in-acute-hip-fracture-patients
#19
M B Houlind, C Treldal, M Aakjær, H Palm, B Malmquist, O Andersen, L L Christrup, K K Petersen
Aims Optimization of pain management is essential for fasttrack surgery and safety in acute hip fracture (AHF) patients. Kidney function determines the doses of several postoperative painkillers, but previous studies have shown the standard Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation overestimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in elderly and underweight patients. The optimized Cockcroft Gault (CGop) equation might be more accurate in this patient group. The study aims to (1) investigate the differences in estimated GFR (eGFR) based on CKD-EPI and CGop and (2) to simulate this impact on recommended dosing of standard painkillers in AHF patients...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864982/omics-as-a-potential-tool-to-identify-biomarkers-and-to-clarify-the-mechanism-of-chronic-pain-development
#20
M C Gerra, C Dagostino, S D'Agnelli, L Boggiani, V Rizza, M Marchesini, M Allegri, G Fanelli
Aims The present study aims to identify the underlying mechanisms in the acute to chronic pain transition. Acute pain is a physiological response to an experience of noxious stimuli that can progress to chronic, becoming a disease. The negative consequences as personal suffering, reduction in physical function, maladaptive behaviours, reduction of productivity, make this condition a central and common problem affecting individuals and the society. After an acute damage, pain in some cases persists, being the process attributed to different causes, in particular persistent tissue and neuronal damages, central neuroplastic changes, psychosocial factors...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
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