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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102164/results-of-total-cementless-hip-joint-arthroplasty-with-taperloc-stem
#1
Marek Drobniewski, Andrzej Borowski, Magdalena Krasińska, Marcin Sibiński, Marek Synder
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to present the results of hip joint arthroplasty with the use of the Taperloc stem. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 117 patients (75 women and 42 men) who underwent 121 hip joint arthroplasties with Taperloc stems. Mean age of the patients at surgery was 53.8 years (range: 2475 years). Mean follow-up period was 159.5 months. RESULTS: Pre-operative Merle d'Aubigne-Postel scores (modified by Charnley) of the study group were poor in all patients...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099744/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-hemostatic-agent-use-during-hysterectomy-and-risk-of-post-operative-complications
#2
John A Harris, Shitanshu Uppal, Neil Kamdar, Carolyn W Swenson, Darrell Campbell, Daniel M Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the use of intraoperative hemostatic agents was a risk factor for post-operative adverse events within 30 days of patients undergoing hysterectomy. METHOD: A population-based retrospective cohort study included data from patients undergoing hysterectomy for any indication between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2014, at 52 hospitals in Michigan, USA. Any individuals with missing covariate data were excluded, and multivariable logistic regression and propensity score-matching were used to estimate the rate of post-operative adverse events associated with intra-operative hemostatic agents independent of demographic and surgical factors...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087159/the-direct-anterior-approach-for-complex-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-the-extensile-acetabular-approach-on-a-regular-operating-room-table
#3
Ben Molenaers, Ronald Driesen, Guy Molenaers, Kristoff Corten
BACKGROUND: The direct anterior approach on a regular operating room table has been reported with low dislocation rates. This might be beneficial for complex primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) such as in patients with cerebral palsy or following femoral or pelvic osteotomies. Extending the approach is often required to overcome problems such as acetabular deformities or severe contractures. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the results and complications of 29 patients with 37 complex primary THA in which an extensile approach was used...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074324/how-to-deal-with-giant-pituitary-adenomas-transsphenoidal-or-transcranial-simultaneous-or-two-staged
#4
Sheng Han, Wei Gao, Zhitao Jing, Yunjie Wang, Anhua Wu
Giant pituitary adenomas (diameter >4 cm) are a challenge to treat, and there is no consensus on the optimal surgical strategy. We report here our experience in surgical management of these lesions. Adult patients with giant pituitary adenomas (n = 62; 54 non-functioning and eight hormone-secreting adenomas) who underwent surgical resection at our hospital from 2009 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Surgical and clinical outcomes were analyzed. Single transsphenoidal and transcranial approaches were used in 43 (69...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074257/outcomes-of-dual-mobility-cups-in-a-young-middle-eastern-population-and-its-influence-on-life-style
#5
Chahine Assi, Elie El-Najjar, Camille Samaha, Kaissar Yammine
Dual mobility cups (DMC) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are becoming popular among orthopaedic surgeons. Substantial benefit of their use has been reported among high risk patients, particularly in reducing post-operative hip instability (dislocation). Many reports stated some concern when implanted in young and active people where complications such as polyethylene wear and mechanical loosening could potentially be higher. This Middle Eastern study analyses a retrospective series of THA for any aetiology other than infection, using DMC for the acetabular component in 75 patients (85 implants) less than 70 years old...
January 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073298/extraperitoneal-vs-transperitoneal-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-in-the-setting-of-prior-abdominal-or-pelvic-surgery
#6
David Horovitz, Changyong Feng, Edward M Messing, Jean Volny Joseph
INTRODUCTION: During Robotic-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP), the prostate may be approached extraperiteoneally (eRARP) or transperitoneally (tRARP). The former avoids the abdominal cavity which might be of benefit in patients who have had prior abdominal or pelvic surgery (PAPS). Our objective was to compare the outcomes of patients with PAPS undergoing either technique. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients treated with RARP from July 1, 2003-Dec. 31, 2014 with a minimum follow-up of 3 months was undertaken...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068306/revision-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-inherited-bleeding-disorders-a-single-center-experience
#7
Andrzej Kotela, Magdalena Wilk-Frańczuk, Piotr Żbikowski, Paweł Łęgosz, Paweł Ambroziak, Ireneusz Kotela
BACKGROUND The results of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with inherited bleeding disorders (IBDs) are poorer when compared with those in the general population, with a notably higher risk of complications and higher revision rates. Thus, revision procedures are becoming a growing concern in this group of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of revision TKA in patients with IBD. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective cohort study with longitudinal assessment of hemophilia patients scheduled for revision TKA between January 2010 and September 2015 was performed...
January 9, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055227/clinical-evaluation-of-post-operative-cerebral-infarction-in-traumatic-epidural-haematoma
#8
Suojun Zhang, Sheng Wang, Xueyan Wan, Shengwen Liu, Kai Shu, Ting Lei
BACKGROUND: Patients with traumatic epidural haematoma, undergoing the prompt and correct treatment, usually have favourable outcomes. However, secondary cerebral infarction may be life-threatening condition, as it is difficult to be identified before neurological impairment occurs. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical data of patients with traumatic EDH and assess potential risk factors for post-operative cerebral infarction. METHODS: The clinical data of patients with traumatic EDH were collected and analysed retrospectively...
January 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053181/comparison-of-risk-scoring-systems-for-patients-presenting-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-international-multicentre-prospective-study
#9
Adrian J Stanley, Loren Laine, Harry R Dalton, Jing H Ngu, Michael Schultz, Roseta Abazi, Liam Zakko, Susan Thornton, Kelly Wilkinson, Cristopher J L Khor, Iain A Murray, Stig B Laursen
OBJECTIVE:  To compare the predictive accuracy and clinical utility of five risk scoring systems in the assessment of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. DESIGN:  International multicentre prospective study. SETTING:  Six large hospitals in Europe, North America, Asia, and Oceania. PARTICIPANTS:  3012 consecutive patients presenting over 12 months with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:  Comparison of pre-endoscopy scores (admission Rockall, AIMS65, and Glasgow Blatchford) and post-endoscopy scores (full Rockall and PNED) for their ability to predict predefined clinical endpoints: a composite endpoint (transfusion, endoscopic treatment, interventional radiology, surgery, or 30 day mortality), endoscopic treatment, 30 day mortality, rebleeding, and length of hospital stay...
January 4, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048971/insulin-resistance-plays-a-potential-role-in-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-following-cardiac-valve-surgery
#10
Ni Tang, Rongrong Jiang, Xiaobin Wang, Jian Wen, Li Liu, Jiali Wu, Chunxiang Zhang
Severe insulin resistance(IR) promotes the development of Alzheimer disease. IR and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) are a common complication during the cardiac perioperative period. The authors hypothesized that IR of individuals with cardiac valve surgery would have increased the risk of POCD. The purpose of the study was to analyze the association of IR and POCD after cardiac valve surgery. Total 131 patients who underwent valve replacement via cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) were included. Cognitive function was assessed by a series of neuropsychological measurements at 1 day before and 7 days after the surgery...
December 31, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043936/do-foot-ankle-assessments-assist-the-explanation-of-one-year-knee-arthroplasty-outcomes
#11
L S Gates, C J Bowen, M T Sanchez-Santos, A Delmestri, N K Arden
OBJECTIVE: Whilst a number of risk factors for poor patient reported outcomes (PROMs) following knee arthroplasty (KA) have been identified, unexplained variability still remains. The role of pre-operative foot and ankle status on such outcomes has not been investigated. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the association of clinical foot and ankle assessments with patient reported outcomes one year following KA. DESIGN: One hundred and fifteen participants from the Clinical Outcomes in Arthroplasty Study (COASt), underwent detailed foot and ankle assessments at baseline, prior to KA (2012-2014) and were followed up for self-reported outcomes one year after surgery...
December 30, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034774/the-use-of-the-risk-assessment-and-prediction-tool-in-surgical-patients-in-a-bundled-payment-program
#12
James Slover, Kathleen Mullaly, Raj Karia, John Bendo, Patricia Ursomanno, Aubrey Galloway, Richard Iorio, Joseph Bosco
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the Risk Assessment and Predictor Tool (RAPT) and patient discharge disposition in an institution participating in bundled payment program for total joint replacement, spine fusion and cardiac valve surgery patients. METHOD: Between April 2014 and April 2015, RAPT scores of 767 patients (535 primary unilateral total joint arthroplasty; 150 cardiac valve replacement; 82 spinal fusions) were prospectively captured...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032155/serratus-anterior-fascia-flap-versus-muscular-flap-for-expander-coverage-in-two-stage-breast-reconstruction-following-mastectomy-early-post-operative-outcomes
#13
Daniele Bordoni, Pierfrancesco Cadenelli, Nicola Rocco, Ariel Tessone, Giuseppe Falco, Cesare Magalotti
INTRODUCTION: The demand for reconstructive breast surgery after mastectomy is increasing among women and the two-stage option remains the most commonly performed technique. We conducted a self-controlled prospective clinical trial comparing the use of the serratus anterior fascia with the serratus anterior detached fibers to cover the inferolateral aspect of the expander in immediate two-stage breast reconstruction following conservative mastectomies as oncological or risk-reducing procedures...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032123/ten-year-patient-reported-outcomes-following-total-and-minimally-invasive-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-a-propensity-score-matched-cohort-analysis
#14
Edward Burn, Maria T Sanchez-Santos, Hemant G Pandit, Thomas W Hamilton, Alexander D Liddle, David W Murray, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva
PURPOSE: For patients with medial compartment arthritis who have failed non-operative treatment, either a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or a unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) can be undertaken. This analysis considers how the choice between UKA and TKA affects long-term patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). METHODS: The Knee Arthroplasty Trial (KAT) and a cohort of patients who received a minimally invasive UKA provided data. Propensity score matching was used to identify comparable patients...
December 29, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030509/impact-of-early-operative-pelvic-fixation-on-long-term-self-reported-outcome-following-severe-pelvic-fracture
#15
John P Sharpe, Louis J Magnotti, Wade C Gobbell, Xin Huang, Edward A Perez, Timothy C Fabian, Martin A Croce
BACKGROUND: Traumatic disruption of the pelvic ring is a significant cause of life-threatening hemorrhage. For those patients who survive the initial injury, these fractures are associated with long periods of immobilization and intense rehabilitation. There is little published information available regarding long-term functional outcomes in these patients. This study evaluated the impact of severe pelvic fractures on those long-term outcomes. METHODS: All patients with severe pelvic fractures over an 18-year period were identified...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012537/risk-of-failure-of-adenotonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-obese-pediatric-patients
#16
C J Lennon, R Y Wang, A Wallace, S Chinnadurai
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric obesity is a leading risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition commonly treated with adenotonsillectomy (T&A). It has been hypothesized that obesity increases a child's risk of failing T&A for OSA, however this relationship has not yet been quantified. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity as measured by perioperative Body Mass Index (BMI) and persistent OSA following T&A as measured by polysomnography (PSG)...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007203/quality-of-life-after-transcatheter-aortic%C3%A2-valve-replacement-prospective-data-from-gary-german-aortic-valve-registry
#17
Rüdiger Lange, Andreas Beckmann, Till Neumann, Markus Krane, Marcus-André Deutsch, Sandra Landwehr, Joachim Kötting, Armin Welz, Ralf Zahn, Jochen Cremer, Hans R Figulla, Gerhard Schuler, David M Holzhey, Anne-Kathrin Funkat, Gerd Heusch, Stefan Sack, Miralem Pasic, Thomas Meinertz, Thomas Walther, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Michael Böhm, Helge Möllmann, Christian W Hamm, Friedrich W Mohr
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to analyze health-related quality-of-life (HrQoL) outcomes of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) based on data from GARY (German Aortic Valve Registry). BACKGROUND: Typically, patients currently referred for and treated by TAVR are elderly with a concomitant variable spectrum of multiple comorbidities, disabilities, and limited life expectancy. Beyond mortality and morbidity, the assessment of HrQoL is of paramount importance not only to guide patient-centered clinical decision-making but also to judge this new treatment modality in this high-risk patient population...
December 26, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003169/association-of-prior-falls-with-adverse-outcomes-after-neurosurgical-operations-in-the-elderly
#18
Kimon Bekelis, Redi Rahmani, Joon Kim-Hyung, Daniel Calnan, Todd A MacKenzie
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of elderly patients undergoing neurosurgical interventions, there are limited resources for preoperative assessment of frailty in this population. We investigated the association between recent history of falls and surgical outcomes for these patients. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of all patients, 65 years and older, undergoing elective neurosurgical procedures from 2014-2015 in a tertiary referral medical center...
December 18, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998375/sleep-disturbances-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-associations-with-ptsd-personality-and-coping
#19
Mackenzie J Lind, Emily Brown, Leah Farrell-Carnahan, Ruth C Brown, Sage Hawn, Erin Berenz, Scott McDonald, Treven Pickett, Carla Kmett Danielson, Suzanne Thomas, Ananda B Amstadter
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances are well documented in relation to trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but correlates of such disturbances remain understudied in veteran populations. We conducted a preliminary study of sleep disturbances in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation New Dawn veterans (n = 133; mean [standard deviation] age = 29.8 [4.7] y). METHODS: Veterans were assigned to one of three groups based on responses to the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale: control (no trauma-exposure [TE] or PTSD), TE, and PTSD...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997913/the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-patients-undergoing-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-a-meta-analysis
#20
Yang Liu, De-Xiang Ban, Shi-Lian Kan, Tai-Wei Cao, Shi-Qing Feng
AIMS: We conducted a meta-analysis of eligible studies to compare the surgical outcomes between diabetic patients and non-diabetic patients who have undergone cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science (up to February 10, 2016) was conducted. Eligible studies were case-control or cohort studies that compared the outcomes of cervical surgery between diabetic patients and non-diabetic patients...
2017: European Neurology
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