Read by QxMD icon Read

Amputation risk score

Maria Jenelyn M Alviar, Tom Hale, Monalisa Dungca
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 12, 2011. Phantom limb pain (PLP) is pain that arises in the missing limb after amputation and can be severe, intractable, and disabling. Various medications have been studied in the treatment of phantom pain. There is currently uncertainty in the optimal pharmacologic management of PLP. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to summarise the evidence of effectiveness of pharmacologic interventions in treating PLP...
October 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Byung-Joon Jeon, Hwan Jun Choi, Jin Seok Kang, Min Sung Tak, Eun Soo Park
Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder. Among various complications, diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disorders are closely associated with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Lower extremity ulcers and amputations are ongoing problems among individuals with diabetes. There are several classification systems for DFUs; however, no prognostic system has to date been accepted as the gold standard or the optimum prediction tool for amputations. A retrospective study was designed. Demographic data and baseline laboratory data were gathered and scored or evaluated using five representative DFU classification systems...
October 10, 2016: International Wound Journal
Pablo S Corona, Frank Erimeiku, Maria Mercedes Reverté-Vinaixa, Francisco Soldado, Carles Amat, Lluis Carrera
INTRODUCTION: Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is potentially life-threatening soft-tissue infection. Early diagnosis and aggressive surgical debridement are critical to decrease mortality and morbidity. The impacts of new management technologies such as hydro-bisturi-assisted debridement (HAD) and negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) are not yet clear with respect to treatment of NF. The objective of this study was to describe laboratory (including LRINEC score), clinical and microbiological factors, treatment methods and outcomes related to managing necrotising fasciitis, focusing on the implementation of new treatment methods in our centre...
September 2016: Injury
Jamie J Coleman, Saharnaz Tavoosi, Ben L Zarzaur, Brian L Brewer, Grace S Rozycki, David V Feliciano
Problems related to the combination of an arterial injury and a blunt fracture in the lower extremity are well known-delayed diagnosis, damaged soft tissue, and high amputation rate. The actual incidence of this injury pattern is, however, unknown. The purposes of this study were to determine the current incidence of named arterial injuries in patients with blunt fractures in the lower extremities and assess potential associated risk factors. This was a 7-year (2007-2013) retrospective review of patients ≥18 years with blunt lower extremity fractures at a Level I trauma center...
September 2016: American Surgeon
John S Oh, Creighton C Tubb, Thomas P Poepping, Paul Ryan, Jonathan C Clasper, Adrian R Katschke, Caroline Tuman, Michael J Murray
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study are to define the pattern of injuries sustained by dismounted troops exposed to improvised explosive devices blasts treated at a Role 3 combat support hospital and to assess injury patterns and mortality associated with the mechanism. Our hypothesis was that mortality is associated with pelvic fracture, massive transfusion, high Injury Severity Score (ISS), multiple limb amputations, and transfer from a Role 2 facility. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of 457 patients...
September 2016: Military Medicine
B D Ashman, C Kong, K J Wing, M J Penner, K E Bugler, T O White, A S E Younger
AIMS: Patients with diabetes are at increased risk of wound complications after open reduction and internal fixation of unstable ankle fractures. A fibular nail avoids large surgical incisions and allows anatomical reduction of the mortise. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the results of fluoroscopy-guided reduction and percutaneous fibular nail fixation for unstable Weber type B or C fractures in 24 adult patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
F Jiao, C S C Fung, Y F Wan, S M McGhee, C K H Wong, D Dai, R Kwok, C L K Lam
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of the multidisciplinary Risk Assessment and Management Program for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (RAMP-DM) in reducing the risks of microvascular complications. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted with 29,670 propensity-score-matched RAMP-DM participants and diabetes patients under the usual primary care (14,835 in each group). Study endpoints were the first occurrence of any diabetic microvascular complications, non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy/preproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR/prePDR), sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy (STDR) or blindness, nephropathy, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), neuropathy and lower-limb ulcers or amputation...
August 24, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism
G A Hawker, R Croxford, A S Bierman, P Harvey, B Ravi, T Kendzerska, I Stanaitis, L K King, L Lipscombe
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of Osteoarthritis (OA)-related difficulty walking on risk for diabetes complications in persons with diabetes and OA. DESIGN: A population cohort aged 55+ years with symptomatic hip and knee OA was recruited 1996-98 and followed through provincial administrative data to 2015 (n = 2,225). In those with confirmed OA (examination and radiographs) and self-reported diabetes at baseline (n = 359), multivariate Cox regression modeling was used to examine the relationship between baseline difficulty walking (Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) difficulty walking score; use of walking aid) and time to first diabetes-specific complication (hospitalization for hypo- or hyperglycemia, infection, amputation, retinopathy, or initiation of chronic renal dialysis) and cardiovascular (CV) events...
August 16, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Sarah Malacarne, Bernhard Chappuis, Marc Egli, Isabelle Hagon-Traub, Katrin Schimke, Claude Schönenweid, Bettina Peter-Riesch
Diabetic foot complications are a public health challenge and preventive measures although simple are often not enforced, as evidenced by the lack of decrease in the rate of ulcers and amputation in Switzerland. This article proposes a risk score to grade individual risk of the diabetic patient and an individualized prevention measures as this risk. We discuss the importance of collaboration of various specialists. Two areas are important, first the early involvement of specialists in revascularization because the diabetic population with feet at risk of ulcération risk nowadays primarily has neuro-ichemic ulcerations and also the close collaboration with podiatrists and orthopedic shoemakers who are full partners of the multidisciplinary team...
June 1, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
Susan W Hunter, Frances Batchelor, Keith D Hill, Anne-Marie Hill, Shylie Mackintosh, Michael Payne
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence connecting risk factors to falls in adults with a lower limb amputation (LLA) across the continuum of care settings. DESIGN: Systematic review. LITERATURE SURVEY: Electronic database searches were conducted in MEDLINE, Pubmed, CINAHL and EMBASE covering 01/1988 and 01/2016. Non-interventional studies, including cohort and cross-sectional studies were included. Two reviewers independently completed data extraction and quality evaluation...
July 30, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Walter Dorigo, Gabriele Piffaretti, Raffaele Pulli, Patrizio Castelli, Carlo Pratesi
AIM OF THE STUDY: To retrospectively create a predictive score for estimating amputation-free survival (AFS) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) operated on with the use of a heparin-bonded expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) bypass graft (Hb-ePTFE). METHODS: Over a 13-year period, ending in March 2015, a Hb-ePTFE graft was implanted in 683 patients undergoing below-knee revascularization for CLI in seven Italian vascular hospitals. Data concerning these interventions were retrospectively collected in a multicenter registry with a dedicated database...
July 29, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
In Sook Kang, Wonkyung Lee, Byoung Wook Choi, Donghoon Choi, Myeong-Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang, Young-Guk Ko
OBJECTIVE: Tibial artery calcification (TAC) is associated with increased risk of amputation and mortality in peripheral artery disease. We sought to investigate whether the severity of TAC based on semiquantitative analysis of computed tomography angiography (CTA) can predict outcomes of endovascular therapy in patients with critical limb ischemia. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 124 patients who underwent lower extremity CTA before intervention. Based on CTA, TAC severity was categorized into three groups: minimal calcification (MC; n = 43), intermediate calcification (IC; n = 36), or extensive calcification (EC; n = 45)...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Evgeniya V Shalaeva, Hugo Saner, Bakhtiyor B Janabaev, Aleksandra V Shalaeva
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative risk for major cardiovascular events (MACE) is particularly high in patients with type 2 diabetes undergoing surgery for trans-femoral amputation (TFA). The aim of this study was to identify prognostic value of coronary calcium score (CACS) and coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) for perioperative MACE in these patients. METHODS: In this prospective single center interventional cohort study, we evaluated 331 consecutive symptomatic patients with diabetes and without history of coronary intervention or myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing TFA in 2013...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Zohreh Ganjparvar, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masumi, Mohammadreza Soroush, Ali Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Providing care to a disable relative at home exposes the caregiver to a potentially higher risk of physical and mental problems. We measured health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its determinants among the caregivers of the Iranian survivors of the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988) with bilateral lower-limb amputation. METHODS: Data were collected from 464 individuals comprising war-related bilateral lower-limb amputees (n=232) and their caregivers (n=232) in January 2015 in Shiraz, Iran...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Paul P Heideman, Mohammad Reza Rajebi, Michael A McKusick, Haraldur Bjarnason, Gustavo S Oderich, Jeremy L Friese, Mark D Fleming, Andrew H Stockland, William S Harmsen, Jay Mandrekar, Sanjay Misra
PURPOSE: To evaluate effect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on all-cause mortality, major adverse limb event (MALE), MALE and postoperative death (MALE + POD), and amputation after endovascular treatment of femoropopliteal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review from January 2002 to October 2011 was performed of 440 patients who underwent endovascular treatment of symptomatic femoropopliteal disease for claudication (n = 251) or critical limb ischemia (CLI) (n = 267)...
August 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Yoshio Tanaka, Tetsuji Uemura, Shinobu Ayabe, Tomohiro Hirao, Tomohisa Nagasao
Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of introducing microsurgical techniques to distal bypass surgery for critical limb ischemia. Methods Datasets of 83 consecutive microsurgical distal bypasses in a multicenter (SKY) study were compared with the results of the PREVENT III (PIII) study regarding the following: (1) patients' characteristics, (2) clinical severity according to the PIII risk score, (3) conduits and procedures for revascularization, (4) proximal and distal anastomosis sites, and (5) primary patency and amputation-free survival (AFS) rates at 1 year...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
M Shahid, N Albergo, T Purvis, K Heron, L Gaston, S Carter, R Grimer, L Jeys
We reviewed the oncological and functional outcomes of patients treated for a primary sarcoma possibly involving the knee joint and present an algorithm to guide treatment. The records of 76 patients who had a primary bone or soft tissue sarcoma possibly invading the knee between 1996 and 2012 were identified. Mean age and follow-up was 32 years (9-74) and 64 months (12-195), respectively. Patients were grouped according to the resection (Intra-articular [IAR] vs. Extra-articular [EAR] vs. Amputation/rotationplasty) for survival and functional outcomes...
May 27, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Monica Reed Chase, Howard S Friedman, Prakash Navaratnam, Kim Heithoff, Ross J Simpson
BACKGROUND: There is growing concern about appropriate disease management for peripheral artery disease (PAD) because of the rapidly expanding population at risk for PAD and the high burden of illness associated with symptomatic PAD. A better understanding of the potential economic impact of symptomatic PAD relative to a matched control population may help improve care management for these patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare the medical resource utilization, costs, and medication use for patients with symptomatic PAD relative to a matched control population...
June 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
J Goverman, K Mathews, D Nadler, E Henderson, K McMullen, D Herndon, W Meyer, J A Fauerbach, S Wiechman, G Carrougher, C M Ryan, J C Schneider
OBJECTIVES: While mortality rates after burn are low, physical and psychosocial impairments are common. Clinical research is focusing on reducing morbidity and optimizing quality of life. This study examines self-reported Satisfaction With Life Scale scores in a longitudinal, multicenter cohort of survivors of major burns. Risk factors associated with Satisfaction With Life Scale scores are identified. METHODS: Data from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) Burn Model System (BMS) database for burn survivors greater than 9 years of age, from 1994 to 2014, were analyzed...
August 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
A Fochtmann, H Binder, G Rettl, J Starlinger, O Aszmann, K Sarahrudi, S Hajdu
INTRODUCTION: Third degree open fractures and traumatic sub-/total amputations of the upper extremity represent severe injuries and are associated with a high rate of functional impairment of the affected extremity. More than 20 years ago, the Mangled Extremity Severity Score (MESS) was introduced to predict amputation following severe lower extremity trauma. However, there have been few studies evaluating MESS in connection with the mangled upper limb. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective medical chart review was performed of all patients diagnosed with the aforementioned fractures of the upper extremity treated at the Department of trauma surgery (level I trauma center) and the Clinical division of plastic and reconstructive surgery at the general hospital of Vienna between 1994 and 2014...
October 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"