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Vascular surgery risk score

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929930/validation-of-a-predictive-scoring-system-for-deep-sternal-wound-infection-after-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-grafting-in-a-cohort-of-french-patients
#1
Andrea Perrotti, Giuseppe Gatti, Enrica Dorigo, Gianfranco Sinagra, Aniello Pappalardo, Sidney Chocron
BACKGROUND: The Gatti score is a weighted scoring system based on risk factors for deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) that was created in an Italian center to predict DSWI risk after bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting. No external evaluation based on validation samples derived from other surgical centers has been performed. The aim of this study is to perform this validation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During 2015, BITA grafts were used as skeletonized conduits in all 255 consecutive patients with multi-vessel coronary disease who underwent isolated coronary bypass surgery at the Department of Thoracic and Cardio-Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon, France...
December 8, 2016: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907828/surgical-apgar-score-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-fusion-for-degenerative-spine-diseases
#2
Chien-Yu Ou, Shih-Yuan Hsu, Jian-Hao Huang, Yu-Hua Huang
OBJECTIVE: Lumbar fusion is a procedure broadly performed for degenerative diseases of spines, but it is not without significant morbidities. Surgical Apgar Score (SAS), based on intraoperative blood loss, blood pressure, and heart rate, was developed for prognostic prediction in general and vascular operations. We aimed to examine whether the application of SAS in patients undergoing fusion procedures for degeneration of lumbar spines predicts in-hospital major complications. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-nine patients that underwent lumbar fusion operation for spine degeneration were enrolled in this retrospective study...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871490/predictive-models-for-mortality-after-ruptured-aortic-aneurysm-repair-do-not-predict-futility-and-are-not-useful-for-clinical-decision-making
#3
Patrick C Thompson, Ronald L Dalman, E John Harris, Venita Chandra, Jason T Lee, Matthew W Mell
OBJECTIVE: The clinical decision-making utility of scoring algorithms for predicting mortality after ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs) remains unknown. We sought to determine the clinical utility of the algorithms compared with our clinical decision making and outcomes for management of rAAA during a 10-year period. METHODS: Patients admitted with a diagnosis rAAA at a large university hospital were identified from 2005 to 2014. The Glasgow Aneurysm Score, Hardman Index, Vancouver Score, Edinburgh Ruptured Aneurysm Score, University of Washington Ruptured Aneurysm Score, Vascular Study Group of New England rAAA Risk Score, and the Artificial Neural Network Score were analyzed for accuracy in predicting mortality...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858894/preoperative-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-scheduled-for-spinal-surgery
#4
Le Liu, Yan-Bin Liu, Jian-Min Sun, Hai-Feng Hou, Chen Liang, Tao Li, Heng-Tao Qi
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its risk factors in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) before spinal surgery are poorly understood. We investigated this association with a retrospective cross-sectional study. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The study cohort consisted of all consecutive patients with CSM who were scheduled for spinal surgery at our institution from 2013 to 2015. DVT was defined as an intraluminal filling defect in a lower extremity vein identified by Doppler ultrasonography...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832989/risk-stratification-for-the-development-of-respiratory-adverse-events-following-vascular-surgery-using-the-society%C3%A2-of-vascular-surgery-s-vascular-quality-initiative
#5
Elizabeth A Genovese, Larry Fish, Rabih A Chaer, Michel S Makaroun, Donald T Baril
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative respiratory adverse events (RAEs) are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality in general surgery, however, little is known about these complications in the vascular surgery population, a frail subset with multiple comorbidities. The objective of this study was to describe the contemporary incidence of RAEs in vascular surgery patients, the risk factors for this complication, and the overall impact of RAEs on patient outcomes. METHODS: The Vascular Quality Initiative was queried (2003-2014) for patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic repair, open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, thoracic endovascular aortic repair, suprainguinal bypass, or infrainguinal bypass...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831826/hospitalist-vascular-surgery-comanagement-effects-on-complications-and-mortality
#6
Colin T Iberti, Alan Briones, Erin Gabriel, Andrew S Dunn
OBJECTIVES: Hospitalized vascular surgery patients have multiple severe comorbidities, poor functional status, and high perioperative cardiac risk. Thus they may be ideal patients for a collaborative care model. However, there is little evidence for a comanagement model on clinical outcomes. METHODS: The two-year pre-post study consisted of a comanagement model where a hospitalist actively participated in the medical care of American Society of Anesthesiologist Physical Status Classification scale 3 or 4 vascular surgery patients...
November 24, 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829447/autologous-bone-graft-in-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-bone-defects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Matheus Lemos Azi, Alessandro Aprato, Irene Santi, Mauricio Kfuri Junior, Alessandro Masse, Alexander Joeris
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to determine the bone union rate of bone defects treated with the different autologous bone graft techniques. METHODS: The PubMed and the Cochrane Library databases were searched using the terms: 'fracture' AND ('bone loss' OR 'defect' OR 'defects') AND 'bone graft', restricted to English language, to human species, and to a publication period from January 1999 to November 2014. Data were extracted by one of the reviewers and then checked by the second...
November 9, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792099/indications-for-elective-tracheostomy-in-reconstructive-surgery-in-patients-with-oral-cancer
#8
Yoav Leiser, Michal Barak, Yasmine Ghantous, Noam Yehudai, Imad Abu El-Naaj
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer surgery carries a high risk of upper airway obstruction; yet optimal airway management approach remains controversial. AIM OF STUDY: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the use of tracheostomy in oncological patients undergoing oral cancer surgery with intra oral flap reconstruction. METHODS: The study cohort included 75 patients with oral cancer, who underwent major intraoral resections and reconstruction with vascularized flaps...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763477/temporal-variability-of-readmission-determinants-in-postoperative-vascular-surgery-patients
#9
M J Lin, F Baky, B C Housley, N Kelly, E Pletcher, J D Balshi, S P Stawicki, D C Evans
INTRODUCTION: Clinical information continues to be limited regarding changes in the temporal risk profile for readmissions during the initial postoperative year in vascular surgery patients. We set out to describe the associations between demographics, clinical outcomes, comorbidity indices, and hospital readmissions in a sample of patients undergoing common extremity revascularization or dialysis access (ERDA) procedures. We hypothesized that factors independently associated with readmission will evolve from "short-term" to "long-term" determinants at 30-, 180-, and 360-day postoperative cutoff points...
October 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733533/screening-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-13%C3%A2-122-hong-kong-citizens-with-smartphone-electrocardiogram
#10
Ngai-Yin Chan, Chi-Chung Choy
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of community screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) using a smartphone-based wireless single-lead ECG (SL-ECG) and to generate epidemiological data on the prevalence and risk factors of AF in Hong Kong. METHODS: In the period between 1 May 2014 to 30 April 2015, 13 122 Hong Kong citizens consented and voluntarily participated in a territory-wide community-based AF screening programme. RESULTS: 56 (0...
October 12, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707620/management-of-patients-with-acute-aortic-syndrome-through-a-regional-rapid-transport-system
#11
Miguel Manzur, Sukgu M Han, Joie Dunn, Ramsey S Elsayed, Fernando Fleischman, Yolee Casagrande, Fred A Weaver
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the outcomes of patients with acute aortic syndrome (AAS) during and after transfer to a regional aortic center by a rapid transport system. METHODS: Review of patients with AAS who were transferred by a rapid transport system to a regional aortic center was performed. Data regarding demographics, diagnosis, comorbidities, transportation, and hospital course were acquired. Severity of existing comorbidities was determined by the Society for Vascular Surgery Comorbidity Severity Score (SVSCSS)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688661/development-of-a-prognostic-scoring-system-for-resectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Carlo Sposito, Stefano Di Sandro, Federica Brunero, Vincenzo Buscemi, Carlo Battiston, Andrea Lauterio, Marco Bongini, Luciano De Carlis, Vincenzo Mazzaferro
AIM: To develop a prognostic scoring system for overall survival (OS) of patients undergoing liver resection (LR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent curative LR for HCC between 2000 and 2013 were identified. The series was randomly divided into a training and a validation set. A multivariable Cox model for OS was fitted to the training set. The beta coefficients derived from the Cox model were used to define a prognostic scoring system for OS...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665205/comparison-of-outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-plus-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-alone-in-the-united-states
#13
Vikas Singh, Alex P Rodriguez, Badal Thakkar, Nileshkumar J Patel, Abhijit Ghatak, Apurva O Badheka, Carlos E Alfonso, Eduardo de Marchena, Rahul Sakhuja, Ignacio Inglessis-Azuaje, Igor Palacios, Mauricio G Cohen, Sammy Elmariah, William W O'Neill
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has emerged as a less-invasive therapeutic option for high surgical risk patients with aortic stenosis and coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of TAVR when performed with PCI during the same hospitalization. We identified patients using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification procedure codes from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample between the years 2011 and 2013...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663929/an-institutional-study-of-time-delays-for-symptomatic-carotid-endarterectomy
#14
Philippe Charbonneau, Paule Lessard Bonaventure, Laura M Drudi, Nathalie Beaudoin, Jean-François Blair, Stéphane Elkouri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess time delays between first cerebrovascular symptoms and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) at a single center and to systematically evaluate causes of these delays. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients who underwent CEAs between January 2010 and September 2011 at a single university-affiliated center (Centre Hospitalier de l'Université Montréal-Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, Montreal) were identified from a clinical database and operative records...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637187/predicting-30-day-postoperative-mortality-for-emergent-anterior-abdominal-wall-hernia-repairs-using-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-database
#15
P J Chung, J S Lee, S Tam, A Schwartzman, M O Bernstein, L Dresner, A Alfonso, G Sugiyama
PURPOSE: Anterior abdominal wall hernias are among the most commonly encountered surgical disease. We sought to identify risk factors that are associated with 30-day postoperative mortality following emergent abdominal wall hernia repair using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from the ACS NSQIP from 2005 to 2010 was performed. Patients were selected using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and International Classification of Disease 9 Clinical Modification (ICD9) codes for the repair of inguinal, femoral, umbilical, epigastric, ventral, or incisional hernias that were incarcerated, obstructed, strangulated, or gangrenous...
September 16, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634652/revascularisation-pattern-of-ruptured-flexor-tendon-grafts-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-histological-study
#16
D Figueroa, R Martínez, R Calvo, M Scheu, M Gallegos, A Vaisman, C Martínez, A González
INTRODUCTION: For successful anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, revascularisation and histological maturation are necessary, as their failure can cause graft rupture. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe differences in the histological maturation of early failed plasty (less than 12 months after surgery) and late failed plasty (more than 12 months after surgery) in patients with re-rupture after ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendons...
September 12, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626008/the-impact-of-psychological-factors-on-device-removal-surgery
#17
Mohammadreza Golbakhsh, Mirmostafa Sadaat, Fatemeh Noughani, Ahmadreza Mirbolook, Amirmohammad Gholizadeh, Sadegh Abedi
BACKGROUND: Implant removal is a common procedure in orthopedic surgery which can be associated with many complications such as scar formation, hematoma, nerve injury, infection, and refracture. Indications for orthopedic implant removal have declined in recent years. Most studies have considered orthopedic hardware removal as an unnecessary procedure in the absence of severe complications such as nonunion. Some studies have reported the complications of orthopedic hardware removal to be 24% to 50% dependent on their types and locations as well as on other factors such as patient's condition and the orthopedist's experience...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601429/neurological-events-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-and-their-predictors-a-report-from-the-corevalve-trials
#18
Neal S Kleiman, Brijeshwar J Maini, Michael J Reardon, John Conte, Stanley Katz, Vivek Rajagopal, James Kauten, Alan Hartman, Raymond McKay, Robert Hagberg, Jian Huang, Jeffrey Popma
BACKGROUND: The risk for stroke after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an important concern. Identification of predictors for stroke is likely to be a critical factor aiding patient selection and management as TAVR use becomes widespread. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients enrolled in the CoreValve US Extreme Risk and High Risk Pivotal Trials or Continued Access Study treated with the self-expanding CoreValve bioprosthesis were included in this analysis...
September 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575812/evaluation-of-five-different-aneurysm-scoring-systems-to-predict-mortality-in-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-patients
#19
Cornelis G Vos, Jean-Paul P M de Vries, Debora A B Werson, Eric P A van Dongen, Michiel A Schreve, Çağdaş Ünlü
BACKGROUND: Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs) are associated with a high overall mortality (up to 25% to 35%) ≤30 days when offered surgical treatment. Risk prediction models can provide valuable information on surgical risks, guide clinical decision making, and help identify patients who should not be operated on to prevent futile surgery. Finally, they can be used to evaluate clinical outcome. Different aneurysm scores are available. New ones (with only four parameters) are being developed, such as the Dutch Aneurysm Score (DAS)...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531689/temporal-variability-of-readmission-determinants-in-postoperative-vascular-surgery-patients
#20
M J Lin, B C Housley, N Kelly, E Pletcher, J D Balshi, S P Stawicki, D C Evans
INTRODUCTION: Clinical information continues to be limited regarding changes in the temporal risk profile for readmissions during the initial postoperative year in vascular surgery patients. We set out to describe the associations between demographics, clinical outcomes, comorbidity indices, and hospital readmissions in a sample of patients undergoing common extremity revascularization or dialysis access (ERDA) procedures. We hypothesized that factors independently associated with readmission will evolve from "short-term" to "long-term" determinants at 30-, 180-, and 360-day postoperative cutoff points...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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