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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663144/is-anterior-release-and-cervical-traction-necessary-for-the-treatment-of-irreducible-atlantoaxial-dislocation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Jian Guan, Zan Chen, Hao Wu, Qingyu Yao, Can Zhang, Tengfei Qi, Kai Wang, Wanru Duan, Jun Gao, Yongning Li, Fengzeng Jian
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (IAAD) treated with posterior fusion after anterior release and direct posterior reduction of the dislocation. METHODS: Online databases were searched for articles describing IAAD published from 1999 to 2015. Five studies (105 patients) described treatment with posterior fusion after periodontoid tissue release, and five studies (113 patients) described treatment with direct posterior reduction of the dislocation...
April 16, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662505/comparison-of-in-hospital-outcomes-between-octogenarians-and-nonagenarians-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#2
Rajkumar Doshi, Vaibhav Patel, Priyank Shah
Background: Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is very common in the elderly patients above 80 years. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in such patients is being increasingly performed. This study sought to assess in-hospital outcome differences between octogenarians and nonagenarians and predictors of mortality in nonagenarians undergoing TAVR with severe AS. Method: The study population was derived from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) for the years 2012-2014 using ICD-9 CM procedure codes 35...
February 2018: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656899/long-term-outcome-of-patients-with-or-without-osseointegrated-implants-after-resection-of-mandibular-ameloblastoma-and-reconstruction-with-vascularized-bone-graft-functional-assessment-and-quality-of-life
#3
Marco Pappalardo, Chung-Kan Tsao, Man Lung Tsang, Jie Zheng, Yang-Ming Chang, Chi-Ying Tsai
BACKGROUND: The optimal management after the resection of mandibular ameloblastoma has been very challenging to surgeons. The aim of this study is to evaluate the functional, aesthetic, and quality of life outcomes of patients who had a segmental mandibular resection and immediate reconstruction with or without osseointegrated implants. METHOD: Patients' demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment, and complications were retrieved. Patients were divided into two groups: dental rehabilitated vs...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629581/vascularized-fibular-epiphyseal-transfer-for-proximal-humeral-reconstruction-in-children-with-a-primary-sarcoma-of-bone
#4
J D Stevenson, R Doxey, A Abudu, M Parry, S Evans, F Peart, L Jeys
Aims Preserving growth following limb-salvage surgery of the upper limb in children remains a challenge. Vascularized autografts may provide rapid biological incorporation with the potential for growth and longevity. In this study, we aimed to describe the outcomes following proximal humeral reconstruction with a vascularized fibular epiphyseal transfer in children with a primary sarcoma of bone. We also aimed to quantify the hypertrophy of the graft and the annual growth, and to determine the functional outcomes of the neoglenofibular joint...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628707/predictive-factors-determining-outcomes-in-pulseless-limb-in-paediatric-supracondylar-fractures-of-humerus
#5
Hemant Chaturvedi, Vikram Khanna, Rakesh Bhargava, Raju Vaishya
Introduction: Amongst all the complications associated with paediatric supracondylar humerus fractures, significant vascular injury is reported in only 1% cases, of which, less than 1% develop Volkmann's ischemic contracture. This study evaluates factors, like delay in presentation of the injury, limb perfusion and pulse, in determining functional outcome in a supracondylar humerus fractures with pulseless limb. Materials & methods: Twenty-one paediatric patients with a pulseless supracondylar humerus fracture presenting from 2012 to 2014 were included...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628299/effectiveness-and-safety-of-sclerotherapy-for-treatment-of-low-flow-vascular-malformations-of-the-oropharyngeal-region
#6
Patrick Bourgouin, Frédéric Thomas-Chaussé, Patrick Gilbert, Marie-France Giroux, Sébastien Périgny, Louis Guertin, Josée Dubois, Gilles Soulez
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of sclerotherapy with sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS) and bleomycin for treatment of venous malformations (VMs) of the oropharyngeal region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 33 patients with 46 VMs of the buccal and pharyngolaryngeal cavity associated with impairment of eating, respiration, or elocution was performed. Individual lesions were divided based on their anterior or posterior location, using the base of the tongue as an anatomic landmark...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627110/comparison-of-outcomes-of-transfemoral-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-90-with-those-90-years-of-age
#7
Jeroen Vendrik, Martijn S van Mourik, Floortje van Kesteren, Marieke J Henstra, Jan J Piek, Jose P S Henriques, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Robbert J de Winter, M Marije Vis, Karel T Koch, Jan Baan
In patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), postoperative mortality risk is commonly assessed with risk scores such as the Society of Thoracic Surgeons-Postoperative Risk of Mortality (STS-PROM) and EuroSCORE II, in which age plays a dominant role. However, we reason that in the naturally selected oldest-old patients (nonagenarians), this may not be completely justified and that therefore age should play a minor role in decision-making. The objective of this study was to compare procedural outcome and mid-term mortality of transfemoral (TF)-TAVI patients aged ≥90 years with patients aged <90 years...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611866/gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-arteriovenous-malformations-general-principles-and-preliminary-results-in-a-swiss-cohort
#8
Matthieu Raboud, Constantin Tuleasca, Philippe Maeder, Luis Schiappacasse, Maud Marguet, Roy Thomas Daniel, Marc Levivier
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are a type of vascular malformation characterised by an abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system. This absence of capillaries generates an elevated pressure (hyperdebit), in both the AVM and the venous drainage, increasing the risk of rupture. Management modalities are: observation, microsurgical clipping, endovascular treatment and radiosurgery. The former can be used alone or in the frame of a multidisciplinary approach...
April 3, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611153/indocyanine-green-icg-enhanced-fluorescence-for-intraoperative-assessment-of-bowel-microperfusion-during-laparoscopic-and-robotic-colorectal-surgery-the-quest-for-evidence-based-results
#9
Alberto Mangano, Federico Gheza, Liaohai Leo Chen, Eleonora Maddalena Minerva, Pier Cristoforo Giulianotti
Anastomotic leakage is a severe complication after colonic/rectal surgery. One of the most important causes of anastomotic leakage is poor vascular supply. However, microvascular impairment at the anastomotic site is very often not detected intraoperatively by observation under white light. Indocyanine green (ICG)-enhanced fluorescence is a technology that may be useful for detecting microvascular alterations and potentially preventing anastomotic leakage. The aim of this Editorial-Minireview is to briefly and critically assess the literature evidence regarding the feasibility of using an ICG ?uorescent tracer for detecting microvascular changes in the perianastomotic tissue and its potential role in preventing anastomotic leakage...
March 29, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609970/modified-stoppa-approach-for-operative-treatment-of-acetabular-fractures-10-year-experience-and-mid-term-follow-up
#10
Diederik O Verbeek, Kornelis J Ponsen, Mark van Heijl, J Carel Goslings
INTRODUCTION: The (modified) Stoppa approach for acetabular fracture surgery has gained significant popularity and early results have been encouraging but clinical outcome at extensive follow-up is scarce. The purpose of this study is to provide an update on our experience with this approach for operative treatment of acetabular fractures and to assess clinical outcome at mid-term follow-up. METHODS: In this retrospective study, all patients treated operatively for an acetabular fracture using the Stoppa approach over a 10-year period were included...
March 27, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606049/transbasal-versus-endoscopic-endonasal-versus-combined-approaches-for-olfactory-groove-meningiomas-importance-of-approach-selection
#11
James K Liu, Nicole A Silva, Ilesha A Sevak, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVE There has been much debate regarding the optimal surgical approach for resecting olfactory groove meningiomas (OGMs). In this paper, the authors analyzed the factors involved in approach selection and reviewed the surgical outcomes in a series of OGMs. METHODS A retrospective review of 28 consecutive OGMs from a prospective database was conducted. Each tumor was treated via one of 3 approaches: transbasal approach (n = 15), pure endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA; n = 5), and combined (endoscope-assisted) transbasal-EEA (n = 8)...
April 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589494/intercalary-reconstruction-of-the-femur-after-tumour-resection
#12
D A Campanacci, F Totti, S Puccini, G Beltrami, G Scoccianti, L Delcroix, M Innocenti, R Capanna
Aims After intercalary resection of a bone tumour from the femur, reconstruction with a vascularized fibular graft (VFG) and massive allograft is considered a reliable method of treatment. However, little is known about the long-term outcome of this procedure. The aims of this study were to determine whether the morbidity of this procedure was comparable to that of other reconstructive techniques, if it was possible to achieve a satisfactory functional result, and whether biological reconstruction with a VFG and massive allograft could achieve a durable, long-lasting reconstruction...
March 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581084/beyond-the-5-year-horizon-long-term-outcome-of-high-risk-and-inoperable-patients-undergoing-tavr-with-first-generation-devices
#13
Marcus-André Deutsch, Magdalena Erlebach, Melchior Burri, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Olivia Ganga Witt, Johannes Amadeus Ziegelmueller, Michael Wottke, Hendrik Ruge, Markus Krane, Nicolo Piazza, Sabine Bleiziffer, Rüdiger Lange
AIMS: We sought to determine the long-term outcome of high-risk patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with first-generation devices with a focus on an identification of predictors for mortality and valve durability. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients in our prospective single-center registry undergoing TAVR with first-generation devices (n=214 CoreValve; n=86 Sapien) between 06/2007 and 07/2009 were retrospectively analysed (n=300, mean age 81...
March 27, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580034/risk-factors-biomarkers-etiology-outcome-and-prognosis-of-ischemic-stroke-in-cancer-patients
#14
Mine Hayriye Sorgun, Muge Kuzu, Inci Sule Ozer, Volkan Yilmaz, Cagrı Ulukan, Hafize Cotur Levent, Sabiha Tezcan, Sefer Rzayev, Anwar Rawandi, Batuhan Bakırarar, Canan Togay Isikay
Introduction: Cerebrovascular disease is the second most common complication in individuals with tumours. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors, biomarkers, etiology and prognosis of ischemic stroke in cancer patients (ISCPs). Methods: The medical records of 619 consecutive patients who were admitted with acute ischemic stroke from January 2012 to November 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were divided into two groups (group 1, patients with an active cancer prior to the onset of ischemic stroke; group 2, patients without an active cancer history)...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579874/cold-ischemia-time-as-a-factor-in-post-transplantation-complications-for-orthotopic-hepatic-transplantation
#15
Z Ruiz de Azúa-López, J R Naranjo-Izurieta, J Lameirao, L Martín-Villén, M Porras-López, N Palomo-Lopez, A Vilchez-Arenas, J J Egea-Guerrero
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare a shorter cold ischemia time with the present one in relation to the complications developed in liver transplantations. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, observational study of orthotopic liver transplantations performed with grafts from brain-dead donors during 12 months at a University Hospital (Seville). We compare incidence rates of complications (reperfusion syndrome, arterial and biliary complications, and prostaglandin requirements) between two groups according to cold ischemia times (group A < 6 hours; group B > 6 hours)...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579832/characteristics-of-liver-transplantation-in-argentina-a-multicenter-study
#16
L Haddad, S Marciano, M Cleres, A Zerega, F Piñero, F Orozco, G Braslavsky, M Mendizabal, G Gondolesi, O Gil, M Silva, R Mastai, O Imventarza, V Descalzi, A Gadano
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of information regarding outcomes after liver transplant in Latin America. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe outcomes after liver transplant in adult patients from Argentina. METHODS: We performed an ambispective cohort study of adult patients transplanted between June 2010 and October 2012 in 6 centers from Argentina. Only patients who survived after the first 48 hours postransplantation were included...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567858/serum-bicarbonate-concentration-and-cognitive-function-in-hypertensive-adults
#17
Mirela Dobre, Sarah A Gaussoin, Jeffrey T Bates, Michel B Chonchol, Debbie L Cohen, Thomas H Hostetter, Kalani L Raphael, Addison A Taylor, Alan J Lerner, Jackson T Wright, Mahboob Rahman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive function worsens as kidney function declines, but mechanisms contributing to this association are not completely understood. Metabolic acidosis, a common complication of CKD, leads to neural networks overexcitation and is involved in cerebral autoregulation. We aimed to evaluate the association between serum bicarbonate concentration as a measure of metabolic acidosis, and cognitive function in hypertensive adults with and without CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Five cognitive summary scores were measured (global cognitive function, executive function, memory, attention/concentration, and language) in 2853 participants in the Systolic BP Intervention Trial (SPRINT)...
March 22, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567029/through-knee-amputation-is-a-feasible-alternative-to-above-knee-amputation
#18
Sungho Lim, Michael J Javorski, Pegge M Halandras, Bernadette Aulivola, Paul R Crisostomo
OBJECTIVE: Through-knee amputation (TKA) is a rare amputation performed in <2% of all major lower extremity amputations in the United States. Despite biomechanical benefits and improved rehabilitation compared with above-knee amputation (AKA), TKA has largely been abandoned by vascular surgeons because of concerns for poor wound healing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate surgical outcomes of TKA. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program between 2005 and 2012 was queried using Current Procedural Terminology codes indicating AKA and TKA...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562073/association-of-frailty-with-failure-to-rescue-after-low-risk-and-high-risk-inpatient-surgery
#19
Rupen Shah, Kristopher Attwood, Shipra Arya, Daniel E Hall, Jason M Johanning, Emmanuel Gabriel, Anthony Visioni, Steven Nurkin, Moshim Kukar, Steven Hochwald, Nader N Massarweh
Importance: Failure to rescue (FTR), or death after a potentially preventable complication, is a nationally endorsed, publicly reported quality measure. However, little is known about the impact of frailty on FTR, in particular after low-risk surgical procedures. Objective: To assess the association of frailty with FTR in patients undergoing inpatient surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study assessed a cohort of 984 550 patients undergoing inpatient general, vascular, thoracic, cardiac, and orthopedic surgery in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2012...
March 21, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544387/a-case-series-of-favorable-vessel-dilatation-using-a-nitinol-scoring-element-equipped-helical-balloon-catheter-angiosculpt%C3%A2
#20
Ryo Sato, Tetsuhiko Sato, Yuichi Shirasawa, Chika Kondo, Masao Tadakoshi, Michio Fukuda, Nobuyuki Ohte, Kunio Morozumi
OBJECTIVE: Although percutaneous transluminal angioplasty is an effective therapy against vascular access failure in hemodialysis patients, recurrent stenosis imposes enormous burden for hemodialysis patients. A nitinol scoring element-equipped helical balloon catheter (AngioSculpt® ) has been altered the landscape for treating several vascular diseases. It is not, however, fully elucidated whether AngioSculpt for advanced vascular access stenosis, difficult to expand by conventional balloons, successfully provides bailout angioplasty...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
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