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Audrey R C Elias, Kari J Harris, Paul C LaStayo, Ryan L Mizner
BACKGROUND: Limited knee flexion and increased muscle co-contraction during jump landing are believed to diminish outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The efficacy of jump training to improve patients' mechanical and neuromuscular deficits is understudied. HYPOTHESIS: Jump training will improve functional, mechanical, and neuromuscular outcomes and higher repetition training augmented by body weight support will result in better retention of gains...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
David M Privitera, Nathan J Sinz, Lindsay R Miller, Elana J Siegel, Muriel J Solberg, Stephen D Daniels, Laurence D Higgins
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the success of the Latarjet procedure for recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability in the contact or collision athlete. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the return-to-sport and functional results of the Latarjet procedure in this select group. METHODS: One hundred and nine consecutive contact or collision athletes (112 shoulders) treated with an open Latarjet procedure for recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability were retrospectively identified...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Mitchell L Worley, Evan M Graboyes, Julie Blair, Suhael Momin, Kent E Armeson, Terry A Day, Andrew T Huang
Objective To describe swallowing outcomes in elderly patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction of the upper aerodigestive tract and identify risk factors for poor postoperative swallowing function. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Sixty-six patients aged ≥70 years underwent microvascular reconstruction of the upper aerodigestive tract. The primary outcome measure was the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS); preoperative and postoperative scores were dichotomized to define "good swallowing" and "poor swallowing...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Satoru Ueno, Yasuhide Kitagawa, Mizuki Onozawa, Shiro Hinotsu, Hideyuki Akaza, Atsushi Mizokami, Mikio Namiki
Background: This prospective observational study elucidated the usefulness of hormonal therapy for localized prostate cancer. Background factors and the health-related quality of life in patients who initially underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) or primary androgen deprivation therapy (PADT) for localized prostate cancer are summarized. Materials and methods: Patients aged 67-76 years with clinical stage T1c or T2 localized prostate cancer treated with PADT or RP, a prostate-specific antigen concentration of <20 ng/mL, and Gleason score of ≤7 were included...
March 2018: Prostate International
Esther T van der Werf, Lorna J Duncan, Paschen von Flotow, Erik W Baars
OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in antibiotic prescription rates between conventional General Practice (GP) surgeries and GP surgeries employing general practitioners (GPs) additionally trained in integrative medicine (IM) or complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) (referred to as IM GPs) working within National Health Service (NHS) England. DESIGN: Retrospective study on antibiotic prescription rates per STAR-PU (Specific Therapeutic group Age-sex weighting Related Prescribing Unit) using NHS Digital data over 2016...
March 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Xi Liu, Hui Zhang, Shiqiang Cen, Fuguo Huang
BACKGROUND: Though several systematic reviews concerned have been published, controversy still exists. The current systematic review was designed to clarify the detailed advantages and disadvantages of the negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in treatment of open fractures in comparison with the conventional wound dressings. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Google Scholar for the published relevant clinical studies...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Fabian Grass, Matthieu Cachemaille, David Martin, Nicolas Fournier, Dieter Hahnloser, Catherine Blanc, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to compare multimodal pain management and pain perception after open vs. laparoscopic colorectal surgery within enhanced recovery care. Pain scores at rest and at mobilization were prospectively assessed in consecutive patients using Visual Analog Scales (VAS 0-10) and consumption of different analgesics was recorded daily until 96 hours postoperatively. Uni- and multivariate risk factors for pain peaks (≥ 4/10) were identified by logistic regression and compared between two propensity score matched groups (open vs...
2018: Bioscience Trends
Mini Kamboj, Teresa Childers, Jessica Sugalski, Donna Antonelli, Juliane Bingener-Casey, Jamie Cannon, Karie Cluff, Kimberly A Davis, E Patchen Dellinger, Sean C Dowdy, Kim Duncan, Julie Fedderson, Robert Glasgow, Bruce Hall, Marilyn Hirsch, Matthew Hutter, Lisa Kimbro, Boris Kuvshinoff, Martin Makary, Melanie Morris, Sharon Nehring, Sonia Ramamoorthy, Rebekah Scott, Mindy Sovel, Vivian Strong, Ashley Webster, Elizabeth Wick, Julio Garcia Aguilar, Robert Carlson, Kent Sepkowitz
BACKGROUND Surgical site infections (SSIs) following colorectal surgery (CRS) are among the most common healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). Reduction in colorectal SSI rates is an important goal for surgical quality improvement. OBJECTIVE To examine rates of SSI in patients with and without cancer and to identify potential predictors of SSI risk following CRS DESIGN American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) data files for 2011-2013 from a sample of 12 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) member institutions were combined...
March 19, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Jia-Xuan Xu, Jun Dong, Hong Ren, Xiao-Jie Chen, Yong Yang, Ren-Xiong Chen, Guo-Dong Wang, Hong-Zhi Wang
PURPOSE: The occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Chinese cancer patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) for postoperative care is poorly characterized. This study was designed to investigate the incidence of VTE in this polulation and to evaluate the utility of the Caprini score in risk stratification. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 2127 consecutive adult patients admitted to a 10-bed surgical ICU in a tertiary care academic hospital during a 4-year period (January 1,2013 to December 31,2016)...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Melissa Rochon, Julian We Jarman, Joseph Gabriel, Lisa Butcher, Carlos Morais, Martin Still, Ishtiaq Ahmed, Mario Petrou, Richard Trimlett, Anthony DeSouza, Rashmi Yadav, Shahzad G Raja
Background: Previously, we reported that the Brompton Harefield Infection Score (BHIS) accurately predicts surgical site infection (SSI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The BHIS was developed using two-centre data and stratifies SSI risk into three groups based on female gender, diabetes or HbA1c > 7.5%, body mass index ≥ 35, left ventricular ejection fraction < 45% and emergency surgery. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate BHIS internally as well as externally...
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
Song-Jian He, Qiang Liu, Hua-Qiu Li, Fang Tian, Shi-Yu Chen, Jian-Xin Weng
Background: The prevention of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) by statins remains controversial. Therefore, the present meta-analysis including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to assess the effect of perioperative statin on CSA-AKI. Methods: Two reviewers independently searched for RCTs about perioperative statin for prevention of CSA-AKI. The primary endpoint was CSA-AKI. Relative risk was calculated between statin and placebo for preventing CSA-AKI using the random-effect model or fixed-effect model according to different heterogeneity...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Ranganathan Vatsala, Panneerselvam Elavenil, Chellappazham Saravanan, Balasubramaniam Sasikala, Raja V B Krishnakumar
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial injuries can result in psychological derangement, leading to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is characterized by continual re-experiencing of any traumatic event in addition to numerous systemic complications. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence and severity of "PTSD-related depression" in patients with maxillofacial injuries and to identify the risk factors involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study involved 88 patients with maxillofacial trauma who had only cosmetic deficits (group A), only functional deficits (group B), or cosmetic and functional deficits (group C)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Stefano Uccella, Maria Cristina Mele, Lorena Quagliozzi, Emanuele Rinninella, Camilla Nero, Serena Cappuccio, Marco Cintoni, Antonio Gasbarrini, Giovanni Scambia, Anna Fagotti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients' altered body composition (measured with bioimpedentiometry), due to a poor nutritional status, predicts the incidence of no residual disease at primary debulking and the risk of complications in patients with newly-diagnosed advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: Data regarding patients with newly-diagnosed stage IIIC-IV EOC undergoing elective nutritional assessment between December 2016 and March 2017, were prospectively collected...
March 14, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Su Mi Kim, Ho Geun Youn, Ji Yeong An, Yoon Young Choi, Sung Hoon Noh, Seung Jong Oh, Tae Sung Sohn, Sung Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate surgical outcomes of elderly patients older than 80 years who received laparoscopic or open gastrectomy for gastric cancer and to identify risk factors for postoperative complications. METHODS: Two hundred forty-two elderly patients older than 80 years underwent gastric cancer surgery between January 2010 and December 2016 in three tertiary hospitals. They were divided into two groups: laparoscopic gastrectomy (N = 59) and open gastrectomy (N = 183)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Hemalkumar Mehta, Ayodele Osasona, Yong Shan, James S Goodwin, Ikenna C Okereke
OBJECTIVE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery may be associated with less morbidity than open lobectomy/segmentectomy, but some studies have questioned the benefit of thoracoscopic surgery. The study aimed to determine trends and factors associated with patient's likelihood of undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy/segmentectomy and to compare outcomes with each approach. METHODS: This retrospective study included adult patients undergoing pulmonary lobectomy/segmentectomy from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project from 2007-2015 (n=14,717)...
March 13, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Vishaal Bhambhwani, Rasha Al Taie, Judy Ku, Justin Mora
PURPOSE: To analyze the additive effect of supplementing verbal consent with written patient information sheets in optimizing patients' and families' understanding of strabismus surgery. METHODS: A prospective randomized study was conducted with 28 patients for strabismus surgery randomized into two groups: group 1 with standardized oral informed consent, and group 2 with standardized oral consent and a written information sheet. A confidential questionnaire with 13 questions was completed by patients and families before surgery...
March 13, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Katsuaki Kanbe
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term clinical outcome and its related factors regarding the severity of adhesion of CH ligament over long head of biceps (LHB) after shoulder arthroscopic capsular release for frozen shoulder with technical points in 255 patients. METHODS: We performed arthroscopic capsular release for frozen shoulder in 267 shoulders of 255 patients, 112 males and 143 females, with mean age of 56.39 years, mean disease duration periods of 0...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Alex Han, Alfred C Gellhorn
OBJECTIVE: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) has a significant impact on quality of life (QOL). Although QOL is generally thought to diminish over time, it is unknown if different patient groups demonstrate unique patterns of change in QOL. We sought to identify and characterize QOL trajectories in knee OA. DESIGN: This prospective cohort study included 1013 individuals with symptomatic knee OA from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. We used group-based trajectory modeling to identify distinct temporal patterns of change in the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) QOL subscale over 8 years...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Joseph P Herbert, Sidish S Venkataraman, Ali H Turkmani, Liang Zhu, Marcia L Kerr, Rajan P Patel, Irma T Ugalde, Stephen A Fletcher, David I Sandberg, Charles S Cox, Ryan S Kitagawa, Arthur L Day, Manish N Shah
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) at a busy Level 1 trauma center and to develop a tool for accurately predicting pediatric BCVI and the need for diagnostic testing. METHODS This is a retrospective cohort study of a prospectively collected database of pediatric patients who had sustained blunt trauma (patient age range 0-15 years) and were treated at a Level 1 trauma center between 2005 and 2015. Digital subtraction angiography, MR angiography, or CT angiography was used to confirm BCVI...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Hannah M Carl, A Karim Ahmed, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Rafael De la Garza Ramos, Eric W Sankey, Zachary Pennington, Ali Bydon, Timothy F Witham, Jean-Paul Wolinsky, Ziya L Gokaslan, Justin M Sacks, C Rory Goodwin, Daniel M Sciubba
OBJECTIVE Resection of metastatic spine tumors can improve patients' quality of life by addressing pain or neurological compromise. However, resections are often complicated by wound dehiscence, infection, instrumentation failures, and the need for reoperation. Moreover, when reoperations are needed, the most common indication is surgical site infection and wound breakdown. In turn, wound reoperations increase morbidity as well as the length and cost of hospitalization. The aim of this study was to examine perioperative risk factors associated with increased rate of wound reoperations after metastatic spine tumor resection...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
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