keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vascular risk score

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692661/the-comparison-between-caprini-and-padua-vte-risk-assessment-models-for-hospitalised-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-at-the-tertiary-oncology-department-in-poland-is-pharmacological-thromboprophylaxis-overused
#1
Robert F Łukaszuk, Justyna Dolna-Michno, Krzysztof Plens, Grzegorz Czyżewicz, Anetta Undas
Aim of the study: Thromboprophylaxis in cancer patients during hospitalization reduces the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Material and methods: To assess the underuse and the overuse of thromboprophylaxis in cancer patients at a tertiary oncology department, we retrospectively analyzed 1983 consecutive hospitalizations of 498 cancer patients who received chemotherapy from October 2016 to May 2017. The Padua prediction score (≥ 4 points) and Caprini risk assessment (≥ 5 points) were used to identify patients at high risk of VTE...
2018: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690731/-association-of-serum-lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-with-vascular-dementia-after-ischemic-stroke
#2
Q L Zhang, P Lu, J W Zhang
Objective: To study the relationship of serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) with vascular dementia (VD) after ischemic stroke. Methods: A total of 226 ischemic stroke patients who visited the People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June.2013 to Oct.2016 were included and divided into the VD group and the non-dementia group according to the degree of cognitive impairment.The non-dementia group were further divided into the normal cognition group and the vascular cognitive impairment no dementia(VCIND) group...
April 17, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690709/-influence-of-intravenous-thrombolysis-on-prognosis-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-leukoaraiosis
#3
Y Y Liu, M Zhang, P Gao, Z X Zhang, X J Zhou, W W Yun
Objective: To investigate the influence of intravenous thrombolysis on prognosis of acute ischemic stroke in patients with moderate to severe leukoaraiosis and to analyze influencing factors of the clinical prognosis. Methods: We consecutively included acute ischemic stroke patients with middle cerebral artery occlusion ( n =101) from Department of Neurology or Emergency, and patients were divided into two groups according to whether on intravenous thrombolysis therapy (IVT) or not. The Fugl-Meyer scale score (FMS) was used to assess motor function outcome and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was used to assess neurologic function...
April 3, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688940/robotic-beating-heart-totally-endoscopic-coronary-artery-bypass-in-higher-risk-patients-can-it-be-done-safely
#4
Husam H Balkhy, Sarah Nisivaco, Hiroto Kitahara, Mackenzie McCrorey, Brooke Patel
OBJECTIVE: Patients with a high Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) predicted risk of mortality undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery are known to have worse outcomes. Less invasive approaches have been shown to improve morbidity and mortality for these patients. In this study, we examined perioperative outcomes in higher-risk patients undergoing robotic totally endoscopic beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: The STS predicted risk of mortality was reviewed for patients undergoing robotic totally endoscopic beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery at our institution between January 2013 and May 2017...
April 23, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681883/compromised-blood-brain-barrier-integrity-is-associated-with-total-magnetic-resonance-imaging-burden-of-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#5
Yue Li, Man Li, Long Zuo, Qinglei Shi, Wei Qin, Lei Yang, Tao Jiang, Wenli Hu
Objective: Several studies have demonstrated that compromised blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of individual cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) markers, but the association between BBB permeability and total magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cSVD burden remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between BBB permeability and total MRI cSVD burden. Methods: Consecutive participants without symptomatic stroke history presented for physical examination were enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670826/characteristics-of-paramedian-pontine-arteries-disease-and-its-association-with-hemoglobina1c
#6
Haiyan Li, Yaqing Shu, Biao Hu, Yongqiang Dai, Yinyao Lin, Yilong Shan, Yuge Wang, Wei Cai, Zhengqi Lu
Objectives: The association of branch atherosclerotic disease (BAD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) in the territory of posterior circulation is rarely discussed. Intracranial BAD was divided into two different types: paramedian pontine arteries (PPA) disease (PPD) and lenticulostriate arteries (LSA) disease. The goal of the study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of PPD and its association with hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) in China. Materials and Methods: Radiologically confirmed PPD was defined as an isolated unilateral infarction extending to the ventral surface of the pons...
April 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669944/neutrophil-subsets-and-their-gene-signature-associate-with-vascular-inflammation-and-coronary-atherosclerosis-in-lupus
#7
Philip M Carlucci, Monica M Purmalek, Amit K Dey, Yenealem Temesgen-Oyelakin, Simantini Sakhardande, Aditya A Joshi, Joseph B Lerman, Alice Fike, Michael Davis, Jonathan H Chung, Martin P Playford, Mohammad Naqi, Pragnesh Mistry, Gustavo Gutierrez-Cruz, Stefania Dell'Orso, Faiza Naz, Taufiq Salahuddin, Balaji Natarajan, Zerai Manna, Wanxia L Tsai, Sarthak Gupta, Peter Grayson, Heather Teague, Marcus Y Chen, Hong-Wei Sun, Sarfaraz Hasni, Nehal N Mehta, Mariana J Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with enhanced risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease not explained by Framingham risk score (FRS). Immune dysregulation associated to a distinct subset of lupus proinflammatory neutrophils (low density granulocytes; LDGs) may play key roles in conferring enhanced CV risk. This study assessed if lupus LDGs are associated with in vivo vascular dysfunction and inflammation and coronary plaque. METHODS: SLE subjects and healthy controls underwent multimodal phenotyping of vascular disease by quantifying vascular inflammation (18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/CT [18F-FDG-PET/CT]), arterial dysfunction (EndoPAT and cardio-ankle vascular index), and coronary plaque burden (coronary CT angiography)...
April 19, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669879/alkaline-phosphatase-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-preserved-renal-function-results-from-china-national-stroke-registry
#8
Lixia Zong, Xianwei Wang, Zixiao Li, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Hao Li, Xia Meng, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is associated with risk of adverse cardiovascular events in patients with kidney failure. However, there is little data about effects of ALP on stroke outcomes in patients with preserved kidney function. The study aimed to explore the association between serum ALP level and clinical outcomes after stroke in patients with preserved kidney function. METHODS: We included 16 367 stroke patients with preserved kidney function from the China National Stroke Registry for current analysis...
April 18, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665190/comparison-of-emergency-medicine-malpractice-cases-involving-residents-to-non-resident-cases
#9
Kiersten L Gurley, Shamai A Grossman, Margaret Janes, C Winnie Yu-Moe, Ellen Song, Carrie D Tibbles, Nathan I Shapiro, Carlo L Rosen
BACKGROUND: Data are lacking on how emergency medicine (EM) malpractice cases with resident involvement differs from cases that do not name a resident. OBJECTIVES: To compare malpractice case characteristics in cases where a resident is involved (resident case) to cases that do not involve a resident (non-resident case) and to determine factors that contribute to malpractice cases utilizing EM as a model for malpractice claims across other medical specialties. METHODS: We used data from the Controlled Risk Insurance Company (CRICO) Strategies' division Comparative Benchmarking System (CBS) to analyze open and closed EM cases asserted from 2009-2013...
April 17, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663995/-risk-factors-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-critical-ill-patients
#10
Jianyu Fu, Hongying Bi, Yunsong Xia, Hui Fang, Xu Liu, Yan Tang, Difen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical features of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, and to explore the correlation between the routine detection index and the new-onset AF and to find out risk factors for new AF in critically ill patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. The patients with AF admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from March 2016 to June 2017 were enrolled. The patients were divided into new-onset AF group and past-existed AF group according to their past history of AF (including persistent AF, paroxysmal AF or permanent AF)...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661587/medium-term-follow-up-of-vascular-targeted-photodynamic-therapy-of-localized-prostate-cancer-using-tookad-soluble-wst-11-phase-ii-trials
#11
A Noweski, A Roosen, S Lebdai, E Barret, M Emberton, F Benzaghou, M Apfelbeck, B Gaillac, C Gratzke, C Stief, A R Azzouzi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the medium-term tumor control in patients with localized prostate cancer (PCa) treated with vascular-targeted photodynamic (VTP) therapy with TOOKAD Soluble WST11 (VTP) and to assess the medium-term tolerability of the treatment. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTION: During the clinical phase II studies, 68 patients were treated with VTP under optimal treatment conditions (WST11 at 4mg/kg, light energy at 200J/cm, and a light density index ≥1) and have been included in a 3...
April 13, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660918/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-with-mri-image-fusion-for-monitoring-focal-therapy-of-prostate-cancer-with-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-hifu-1
#12
M Apfelbeck, D-A Clevert, J Ricke, C Stief, B Schlenker
INTRODUCTION: Reduced acceptance of radical prostatectomy in patients with low risk or intermediate risk prostate cancer has significantly changed treatment strategies in prostate cancer (PCa) during the last years. Focal therapy of the prostate with high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is an organ-preserving treatment for prostate cancer with less impairment of health-related quality of life. Follow-up after HIFU therapy by imaging modalities remains a major problem as eg. MRI performs poorly...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660591/inverse-relationship-between-the-evans-index-and-cognitive-performance-in-non-disabled-stroke-free-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-population-based-study
#13
Oscar H Del Brutto, Robertino M Mera, Danielle Gladstone, María Sarmiento-Bobadilla, Kristen Cagino, Mauricio Zambrano, Aldo F Costa, Mark J Sedler
OBJECTIVE: The Evans Index (EI) is used for recognition of individuals with normal pressure hydrocephalus. However, recent studies suggest that the EI is not a reliable marker of this condition. Rather, the EI may be inversely correlated with cognitive performance, but information on this correlation is lacking. We aimed to assess the relationship between the EI and cognitive performance in community-dwelling older adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 314 non-disabled, stroke-free, individuals aged ≥60 years enrolled in the Atahualpa Project undergoing brain MRI and MoCA testing...
March 30, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657043/endothelial-dysfunction-abnormal-vascular-structure-and-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men-and-women
#14
Shogo Matsui, Masato Kajikawa, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Yumiko Iwamoto, Nozomu Oda, Shinji Kishimoto, Haruki Hashimoto, Takayuki Hidaka, Yasuki Kihara, Kazuaki Chayama, Eisuke Hida, Chikara Goto, Yoshiki Aibara, Ayumu Nakashima, Farina Mohamad Yusoff, Kensuke Noma, Yoshitaka Kuwahara, Akio Matsubara, Yukihito Higashi
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is not only common symptoms in elderly men and women but also risk of future cardiovascular events. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships of vascular function and structure with LUTS in men and women. METHODS: We investigated flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and nitroglycerine-induced vasodilation (NID) as vascular function, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) as vascular structure, and LUTS assessed by International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) in 287 men and 147 women...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656956/ultrasound-assessed-visceral-fat-and-associations-with-glucose-homeostasis-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-clinical-practice
#15
M Bellan, M Menegatti, C Ferrari, G P Carnevale Schianca, M Pirisi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite the lack of evidence that assessing the global cardiovascular risk leads to a decreased incidence of cardiovascular events, accurate patient profiling is paramount in preventive medicine. An excess of visceral fat (VF) is associated with an enhanced cardiovascular risk; importantly, VF is quantifiable rapidly, cheaply and safely by ultrasound, which makes it suitable for use in clinical practice. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate if US-measured VF (USVF) could be a better predictor of glucose homeostasis and cardiovascular risk than simple anthropometric measures...
February 2, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650382/therapeutic-decisions-in-atrial-fibrillation-for-stroke-prevention-the-role-of-aversion-to-ambiguity-and-physicians-risk-preferences
#16
Luciano A Sposato, Devin Stirling, Gustavo Saposnik
BACKGROUND: Knowledge-to-action gaps influence therapeutic decisions in atrial fibrillation (AF). Physician-related factors are common, but the least studied. We evaluated the prevalence and determinants of physician-related factors and knowledge-to-action gaps among physicians involved in the management of AF patients. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, participants from 6 South American countries recruited during an educational program answered questions regarding 16 case scenarios of patients with AF and completed experiments assessing 3 outcome measures: therapeutic inertia, herding, and errors in risk stratification knowledge translated into action (ERSKTA) based on commonly used stratification tools (Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 years (double), Diabetes mellitus, previous Stroke/transient ischemic attack/thromboembolism (double), Vascular disease, Age 65-74 years, and female gender (score of 0 for males and 1 for female) (CHA2 DS2 -VASc) and Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 years, Diabetes mellitus, and previous Stroke/transient ischemic attack (double) (CHADS2 ))...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644327/regional-tract-specific-white-matter-hyperintensities-are-associated-with-patterns-to-aging-related-brain-atrophy-via-vascular-risk-factors-but-also-independently
#17
Mohamad Habes, Guray Erus, Jon B Toledo, Nick Bryan, Deborah Janowitz, Jimit Doshi, Henry Völzke, Ulf Schminke, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Hans J Grabe, David A Wolk, Christos Davatzikos
Introduction: We sought to investigate associations of regional white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) within white matter (WM) tracts with cardiovascular risk and brain aging-related atrophy throughout adulthood in the general population, leveraging state of the art pattern analysis methods. Methods: We analyzed a large sample (n = 2367) from the Study of Health in Pomerania, Germany (range 20-90 years). WMHs were automatically segmented on T1-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance images, and WMH volumes were calculated in WM regions defined using the John Hopkins University WM tractography atlas...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643616/labor-analgesia-in-parturients-of-fetal-growth-restriction-having-raised-umbilical-doppler-vascular-indices
#18
Sukhen Samanta, Kajal Jain, Neerja Bhardwaj, Vanita Jain, Preet Mohinder Singh, Sujay Samanta, Veenu Singla, Rini Saha
Background and Aims: Fetuses with abnormal umbilical blood flow are at a higher risk of adverse perinatal outcome than those with normal flow. Epidural analgesia (EA) has shown to decrease villous vascular resistance in preeclamptic women during labor. The present study evaluates the effects of epidural ropivacaine and intramuscular (IM) tramadol on Doppler blood flow in parturients with fetal growth restriction and raised umbilical artery (UmA) blood flow. Material and Methods: In this prospective nonrandomized comparative study, 36 term parturients with sonographic evidence of UmA systolic-diastolic (S-D) ratio ≥3 were enrolled...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628493/effect-of-a-high-sucrose-diet-on-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-development-in-a-hypoperfusion-induced-animal-model
#19
Chie Miyamoto, Hirona Kugo, Keisuke Hashimoto, Ayaka Sawaragi, Nobuhiro Zaima, Tatsuya Moriyama
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disease that results in rupture of the abdominal aorta. The risk factors for the development of AAA include smoking, male sex, hypertension, and age. AAA has a high mortality rate, but therapy for AAA is restricted to surgery in cases of large aneurysms. Clarifying the effect of dietary food on the development of AAA would be helpful for patients with AAAs. However, the relationship between dietary habits and the development of AAA is largely unknown. In our previous study, we demonstrated that adipocytes in vascular wall can induce the rupture of AAA...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627110/comparison-of-outcomes-of-transfemoral-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-90-with-those-90-years-of-age
#20
Jeroen Vendrik, Martijn S van Mourik, Floortje van Kesteren, Marieke J Henstra, Jan J Piek, Jose P S Henriques, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Robbert J de Winter, M Marije Vis, Karel T Koch, Jan Baan
In patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), postoperative mortality risk is commonly assessed with risk scores such as the Society of Thoracic Surgeons-Postoperative Risk of Mortality (STS-PROM) and EuroSCORE II, in which age plays a dominant role. However, we reason that in the naturally selected oldest-old patients (nonagenarians), this may not be completely justified and that therefore age should play a minor role in decision-making. The objective of this study was to compare procedural outcome and mid-term mortality of transfemoral (TF)-TAVI patients aged ≥90 years with patients aged <90 years...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
keyword
keyword
117263
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"