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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340238/cigarette-smoke-exposure-worsens-endotoxin-induced-lung-injury-and-pulmonary-edema-in-mice
#1
Jeffrey E Gotts, Jason Abbott, Xiaohui Fang, Haru Yanagisawa, Naoki Takasaka, Stephen L Nishimura, Carolyn S Calfee, Michael A Matthay
Introduction: Cigarette smoking (CS) remains a major public health concern and has recently been associated with an increased risk of developing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) experiments in human volunteers have demonstrated that active smokers develop increased alveolar-epithelial barrier permeability to protein after inhaling lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here we tested the hypothesis that short-term whole-body CS exposure would increase LPS-induced lung edema in mice...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340221/nationwide-multicentre-kidney-biopsy-study-of-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Kengo Furuichi, Yukio Yuzawa, Miho Shimizu, Akinori Hara, Tadashi Toyama, Hiroshi Kitamura, Yoshiki Suzuki, Hiroshi Sato, Noriko Uesugi, Yoshifumi Ubara, Satoshi Hisano, Yoshihiko Ueda, Shinichi Nishi, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Tomoya Nishino, Kentaro Kohagura, Daisuke Ogawa, Koki Mise, Yugo Shibagaki, Kenjiro Kimura, Masakazu Haneda, Hirofumi Makino, Seiichi Matsuo, Takashi Wada
Background.: The clinical and pathologic manifestations of nephropathy due to type 2 diabetes are diverse, but large-scale pathologic studies with long-term observations are limited. Methods.: Kidney biopsies and clinical data of 600 patients with type 2 diabetes were collected retrospectively from 13 centres across Japan. Thirteen pathologic findings (nine glomerular lesions, two interstitial lesions and two vascular lesions) were clearly defined and scored. Results...
March 2, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337704/analysis-of-traditional-and-emerging-risk-factors-in-premenopausal-women-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-pilot-scale-study-from-north-india
#3
Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Divya Kapoor, Ajay Aggarwal, Sonal Sangwan, Vanita Suri, Veena Dhawan
Premenopausal women are known to have less heart disease than their menopausal counterparts and men. However, there is a rising prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in premenopausal females, which necessitates determination of risk factors that negate the effects of hormonal protection. There are few studies describing the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors in premenopausal women with CAD. Thus, our objective was to explore the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors and features of coronary lesions in premenopausal women with CAD in an Indian population...
March 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336101/metabolic-syndrome-hepatic-steatosis-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-children
#4
Irene Rutigliano, Roberta Vinci, Gianpaolo De Filippo, Monica Mancini, Luca Stoppino, Maria d'Apolito, Ida Giardino, Luca Macarini, Massimo Pettoello Mantovani, Angelo Campanozzi
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a well-recognized entity; however, there is no consensus on its exact value in predicting long-term cardiovascular (CV) risk. Hepatic steatosis (HS) is another emerging condition associated with pediatric obesity, and data have been reported suggesting a possible role of HS in CV risk linked to MetS. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of HS and MetS cluster in predicting CV risk linked to pediatric obesity. METHODS: We studied 803 overweight and obese children (395 girls and 408 boys, mean age 9...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333181/candida-auris-candidaemia-in-indian-icus-analysis-of-risk-factors
#5
Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Raees A Paul, Prashant Sood, Harsimran Kaur, Malini R Capoor, Anupma J Kindo, Rungmei S K Marak, Anita Arora, Raman Sardana, Shukla Das, Deepinder Chhina, Atul Patel, Immaculata Xess, Bansidhar Tarai, Pankaj Singh, Anup Ghosh
Objectives: To identify the risk factors associated with Candida auris candidaemia, as this fungus now poses a global threat. Methods: We performed a subgroup analysis of a previously reported study of 27 Indian ICUs. The clinical data of candidaemia cases due to C. auris and other Candida species were compared to determine significant risk factors associated with C. auris infection. Results: Of the 1400 candidaemia cases reported earlier, 74 (5...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331532/vitamin-d-a-possible-modifying-factor-linking-obesity-to-vascular-calcification-in-hemodialysis-patients
#6
Jwa-Kyung Kim, Mi Jin Park, Young Rim Song, Hyung Jik Kim, Sung Gyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for increased cardiovascular disease. Whether vitamin D deficiency modifies this association is unclear. Here, we examined the association of obesity and vitamin D deficiency with vascular calcification score (VCS) in incident end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 213 ESRD patients. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels below 10 ng/mL, and obesity was defined as a percentage of body fat (PBF) higher than the sex-specific median value in the cohort (>26...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331114/getting-osteoporotic-fracture-risk-into-vascular-structure-and-function%C3%A3-do-you-know-your-frax-%C3%A2-score
#7
Toshihiro Tsuruda, Kazuo Kitamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329325/comparison-of-radial-and-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-grafting-in-patients-with-peripheral-vascular-disease%C3%A2
#8
Dmitry Pevni, Yanai Ben-Gal, Rephael Mohr, Nadav Teich, Zvi Raviv, Amir Kramer, Yosef Paz, Benjamin Medalion, Nahum Nesher
OBJECTIVES: The composite T-graft with radial artery (RA) attached end-to-side to the left internal thoracic artery (ITA) provides arterial myocardial revascularization without the increased risk of deep sternal wound infection associated with harvesting 2 ITAs. However, many surgeons are reluctant to use RA in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) due to concerns regarding the quality of the conduit in this subset of patients. The purpose of this study is to compare early- and long-term outcomes of arterial grafting with bilateral ITAs (BITA) to that of single ITA and RA in patients with PVD...
March 2, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329254/periodic-limb-movements-and-white-matter-hyperintensities-in-first-ever-minor-stroke-or-high-risk-tia
#9
Mark I Boulos, Brian J Murray, Ryan T Muir, Fuqiang Gao, Gregory M Szilagyi, Menal Huroy, Alexander Kiss, Arthur S Walters, Sandra E Black, Andrew S Lim, Richard H Swartz
Study Objectives: Emerging evidence suggests that periodic limb movements (PLMs) may contribute to the development of cerebrovascular disease. White matter hyperintensities (WMHs), a widely accepted biomarker for cerebral small vessel disease, are associated with incident stroke and death. We evaluated the association between increased PLM indices and WMH burden in patients presenting with stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), while controlling for vascular risk factors and stroke severity...
December 29, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327941/degree-of-vascular-encasement-in-sphenoid-wing-meningiomas-predicts-postoperative-ischemic-complications
#10
D Jay McCracken, Raymond A Higginbotham, Jason H Boulter, Yuan Liu, John A Wells, Sameer H Halani, Amit M Saindane, Nelson M Oyesiku, Daniel L Barrow, Jeffrey J Olson
BACKGROUND: Sphenoid wing meningiomas (SWMs) can encase arteries of the circle of Willis, increasing their susceptibility to intraoperative vascular injury and severe ischemic complications. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effect of circumferential vascular encasement in SWM on postoperative ischemia. METHODS: A retrospective review of 75 patients surgically treated for SWM from 2009 to 2015 was undertaken to determine the degree of circumferential vascular encasement (0°-360°) as assessed by preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
January 28, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327146/association-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Vanessa Bironneau, François Goupil, Pierre Henri Ducluzeau, Marc Le Vaillant, Pierre Abraham, Samir Henni, Séverine Dubois, Audrey Paris, Pascaline Priou, Nicole Meslier, Claire Sanguin, Wojciech Trzépizur, Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina, Maria Carmen Martinez, Frédéric Gagnadoux
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are associated with endothelial dysfunction a main predictor of late cardiovascular (CV) events. Despite the high prevalence of OSA in patients with T2D, the impact of OSA severity on endothelial function has not been clearly elucidated. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether increasing OSA severity is associated with poorer endothelial function in patients with T2D. METHODS: 140 patients with T2D and no overt CV disease underwent polysomnography, peripheral arterial tonometry, clinic blood pressure (BP) measurement, biological assessment for CV risk factors, daytime sleepiness and health related quality of life (HRQL) questionnaires...
March 21, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324341/beta-amyloid-deposition-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-with-differing-levels-of-treatment-resistance-a-pilot-study
#12
Peng Li, Ing-Tsung Hsiao, Chia-Yih Liu, Chia-Hsiang Chen, She-Yao Huang, Tzu-Chen Yen, Kuan-Yi Wu, Kun-Ju Lin
BACKGROUND: Lack of treatment response in patients with late-life depression is common. The role of brain beta-amyloid (Aβ) deposition in treatment outcome in subjects with late-life depression remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate brain Aβ deposition in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) with differing treatment outcomes in vivo using (18)F-florbetapir imaging. This study included 62 MDD patients and 18 healthy control subjects (HCs).We first employed the Maudsley staging method (MSM) to categorize MDD patients into two groups according to treatment response: mild treatment resistance (n = 29) and moderate-to-severe treatment resistance (n = 33)...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322854/prognostic-impact-of-gata-binding-protein-3-expression-in-primary-lung-adenocarcinoma
#13
Toshihiro Hashiguchi, Hiroaki Miyoshi, Kazutaka Nakashima, Shintaro Yokoyama, Ryoichi Matsumoto, Daigo Murakami, Masahiro Mitsuoka, Shinzo Takamori, Yoshito Akagi, Koichi Ohshima
GATA binding protein-3 (GATA3) is a transcription factor that regulates cell differentiation and maintenance in some types of normal cells. This study aimed to investigate the association between GATA3 expression and primary lung adenocarcinoma and to clarify the clinical significance of GATA3 expression in lung adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemical GATA3 expression was evaluated using completely resected lung adenocarcinoma samples from 95 cases. GATA3 immunohistochemical staining was performed and scored. Associations between clinicopathological factors and GATA3 expression were analyzed by using the χ(2)-test and Fisher's exact test...
March 16, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322777/preeclampsia-and-cognitive-impairment-later-in-life
#14
Julie A Fields, Vesna D Garovic, Michelle M Mielke, Kejal Kantarci, Muthuvel Jayachandran, Wendy M White, Alissa M Butts, Jonathan Graff-Radford, Brian D Lahr, Kent R Bailey, Virginia M Miller
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease and cognitive impairment. Women who suffer hypertensive episodes during pregnancy report variable neurocognitive changes within the first decade following the affected pregnancy. However, long-term follow-up of these women into their post-menopausal years has not been conducted. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether women with a history of preeclampsia were at increased risk of cognitive decline 35-40 years after the affected pregnancy...
March 17, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319944/time-of-day-could-affect-cognitive-screening-performance-in-older-patients-with-tia-and-stroke
#15
Sara Mazzucco, Linxin Li, Maria A Tuna, Sarah T Pendlebury, Rhoda Frost, Rose Wharton, Peter M Rothwell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The impact of time-of-day on the cognitive performance of older patients with limited cognitive reserve after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke, and on short cognitive tests, such as the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), is unknown. We retrospectively studied whether morning versus afternoon assessment might affect the classification of patients aged 70 or older as severe (SCI), mild (MCI), and no (NCI) cognitive impairment by the MoCA. METHODS: Morning (12 p...
March 21, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315622/subclinical-atherosclerosis-statin-eligibility-and-outcomes-in-african-american-individuals-the-jackson-heart-study
#16
Ravi V Shah, Aferdita Spahillari, Stanford Mwasongwe, J Jeffrey Carr, James G Terry, Robert J Mentz, Daniel Addison, Udo Hoffmann, Jared Reis, Jane E Freedman, Joao A C Lima, Adolfo Correa, Venkatesh L Murthy
Importance: Modern prevention guidelines substantially increase the number of individuals who are eligible for treatment with statins. Efforts to refine statin eligibility via coronary calcification have been studied in white populations but not, to our knowledge, in large African American populations. Objective: To compare the relative accuracy of US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) recommendations in identifying African American individuals with subclinical and clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)...
March 18, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306696/n-terminal-fragment-of-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-predicts-coexisting-subclinical-heart-and-vessel-disease
#17
Luigi E Pastormerlo, Stefano Maffei, Daniele Della Latta, Vladislav Chubuchny, Carla Susini, Sergio Berti, Concetta Prontera, Simona Storti, Claudio Passino, Emilio Pasanisi, Michele Emdin, Dante Chiappino
BACKGROUND: Identification of preclinical cardiovascular disease represents a challenge. We evaluate N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptides (NT-proBNP) as markers of both cardiac and vascular subclinical disease in a community-based study including asymptomatic middle- aged study participants. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 807 study participants without previous cardiovascular disease were recruited. They underwent thorough laboratory assessment (including NT-proBNP), ultrasound examination of heart and evaluation of coronary calcium score and carotid intima-media thickness, by computed tomography and ultrasound, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299634/prevalence-and-determinants-of-the-use-of-lipid-lowering-agents-in-a-population-of-older-hospitalized-patients-the-findings-from-the-reposi-registro-politerapie-societ%C3%A3-italiana-di-medicina-interna-study
#18
Marco Bertolotti, Carlotta Franchi, Marco B L Rocchi, Andrea Miceli, M Vittoria Libbra, Alessandro Nobili, Giulia Lancellotti, Lucia Carulli, Chiara Mussi
BACKGROUND: Older patients are prone to multimorbidity and polypharmacy, with an inherent risk of adverse events and drug interactions. To the best of our knowledge, available information on the appropriateness of lipid-lowering treatment is extremely limited. AIM: The aim of the present study was to quantify and characterize lipid-lowering drug use in a population of complex in-hospital older patients. METHODS: We analyzed data from 87 units of internal medicine or geriatric medicine in the REPOSI (Registro Politerapie della Società Italiana di Medicina Interna) study, with reference to the 2010 and 2012 patient cohorts...
April 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293738/adherence-to-a-healthy-diet-in-relation-to-cardiovascular-incidence-and-risk-markers-evidence-from-the-caerphilly-prospective-study
#19
Elly Mertens, Oonagh Markey, Johanna M Geleijnse, Julie A Lovegrove, D Ian Givens
PURPOSE: Epidemiological findings indicate that higher adherence to a healthy diet may lower cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The present study aimed to investigate whether adherence to a healthy diet, assessed by the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score, and Alternative Healthy Eating Index 2010 (AHEI-2010), was associated with CVD incidence and risk markers. METHODS: Included in the present analyses were data from 1867 middle-aged men, aged 56...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293706/coronary-atherosclerotic-burden-vs-coronary-vascular-function-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients-with-normal-myocardial-perfusion-a-propensity-score-analysis
#20
Roberta Assante, Wanda Acampa, Emilia Zampella, Parthiban Arumugam, Carmela Nappi, Valeria Gaudieri, Mariarosaria Panico, Mario Magliulo, Christine M Tonge, Mario Petretta, Alberto Cuocolo
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between coronary atherosclerotic burden and vascular function in diabetic and nondiabetic patients after balancing for coronary risk factors. METHODS: We studied 672 patients without overt coronary artery disease and normal myocardial perfusion on stress (82)Rb PET/CT imaging. To account for differences in baseline characteristics between diabetic patients and nondiabetic patients, we created a propensity score-matched cohort considering clinical variables and coronary risk factors...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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