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Imelda S Barber, Anne Braae, Naomi Clement, Tulsi Patel, Tamar Guetta-Baranes, Keeley Brookes, Christopher Medway, Sally Chappell, Rita Guerreiro, Jose Bras, Dena Hernandez, Andrew Singleton, John Hardy, David M Mann, Kevin Morgan
We have screened sporadic early-onset Alzheimer's disease (sEOAD, n = 408) samples using the NeuroX array for known causative and predicted pathogenic variants in 16 genes linked to familial forms of neurodegeneration. We found 2 sEOAD individuals harboring a known causative variant in PARK2 known to cause early-onset Parkinson's disease; p.T240M (n = 1) and p.Q34fs delAG (n = 1). In addition, we identified 3 sEOAD individuals harboring a predicted pathogenic variant in MAPT (p.A469T), which has previously been associated with AD...
September 23, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Maheswata Sahoo, Lingaraja Jena, Surya Narayan Rath, Satish Kumar
The influenza A (H1N1) virus, also known as swine flu is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality since 2009. There is a need to explore novel anti-viral drugs for overcoming the epidemics. Traditionally, different plant extracts of garlic, ginger, kalmegh, ajwain, green tea, turmeric, menthe, tulsi, etc. have been used as hopeful source of prevention and treatment of human influenza. The H1N1 virus contains an important glycoprotein, known as neuraminidase (NA) that is mainly responsible for initiation of viral infection and is essential for the life cycle of H1N1...
September 2016: Genomics & Informatics
Manumanthu Venkata Ramesh, Puvvadi Gopalakrishna Naveenkumar, Gouder Manjunath Prashant, Basha Sakeenabi, Allamaprabhu, Kothyala Vijetha
INTRODUCTION: The acceptable concentration of fluoride in drinking water is 1.5mg/l. Excess fluoride in drinking water causes fluorosis. Fluorosis is an important public health problem in India. Several treatment technologies suggested in the past for removing excess fluoride generated and causes various chemical byproductswhich are hazardous to public. In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest to use natural materials due to cost and associated health and environmental concerns of synthetic organic polymers and inorganic chemicals...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Tulsi Shyam Chhadi, Archana Hemant Deshpande, Shyam Atmaram Chhadi, Dinkar T Kumbhalkar, Waman K Raut
Solid Pseudopapillary Tumour (SPPT) is a distinctive tumour of low malignant potential with a striking and unexplained predilection for adolescent girls and young women. Hence it is important to distinguish this rare tumour from other pancreatic tumours with similar cytomorphologic features because an accurate preoperative diagnosis is highly desirable since these patients can have long survival with adequate surgery. We report a case of the rare SPPT of the pancreas in a young girl who presented with nonspecific pain in the abdomen...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Feroz Khan, Pooja Sharma, Om Prakash, Aparna Shukla, Prema G Vasudev, Suaib Luqman, Santosh Kumar Srivastava
O. sanctum L. (O. tenuiflorum) is an important sacred medicinal plant of India known as Holy Basil or Tulsi. The chemical composition of volatile oil is highly complex and comprises high ratio of phenylpropanoids and terpenes, and some phenolic compound or flavonoids such as orientin and vicenin. These minor flavonoids known to be antioxidant and anticancer in nature. Orientin reported as potential anticancer agent due to anti-proliferative activity on human liver cancer cell line HepG2, but its mechanism of action are not fully explored...
July 9, 2016: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Chibuzo Clement Odigwe, Madiha Tariq, Tulsi Kotecha, Usman Mustafa, Nizar Senussi, Isaac Ikwu, Anirban Bhattarcharya, John Ifeanyi Ngene, Kizito Ojiako, Nkemakolam Iroegbu
Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in the setting of suicidal attempts. The current standard of care for treatment is the administration of sodium bicarbonate infusion. Adjunctive lipid emulsion therapy and plasmapheresis have received attention recently. We report an 18-year-old patient who was successfully managed with lipid emulsion and plasmapheresis as adjuncts to sodium bicarbonate treatment and review some of the recent literature.
July 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Kumar Prashant, Devendra Lakhotia, Tulsi Das Bhattacharyya, Anil Kumar Mahanta, Aakhil Ravoof
BACKGROUND: The management of displaced supracondylar fracture of the humerus with closed reduction and percutaneous pin fixation is the most widely accepted method of treatment, but controversy continues regarding the pin fixation techniques. A prospective randomized controlled study was undertaken to compare the stability, functional outcome and iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury between lateral pin fixation and medial-lateral pin fixation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Sixty-two patients with Gartland type III supracondylar fracture of the humerus were randomized into two groups-lateral pin fixation (n = 31) and medial-lateral pin fixation (n = 31)...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Hanaa A Yamani, Edwin C Pang, Nitin Mantri, Margaret A Deighton
In recent years scientists worldwide have realized that the effective life span of any antimicrobial agent is limited, due to increasing development of resistance by microorganisms. Consequently, numerous studies have been conducted to find new alternative sources of antimicrobial agents, especially from plants. The aims of this project were to examine the antimicrobial properties of essential oils distilled from Australian-grown Ocimum tenuiflorum (Tulsi), to quantify the volatile components present in flower spikes, leaves and the essential oil, and to investigate the compounds responsible for any activity...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Xuehua Ke, Prakash Navaratnam, Rahul Sasane, Debra F Eisenberg Lawrence, Howard S Friedman, Bernard B Tulsi, Timothy Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with high cost multiple sclerosis (MS) patients using integrated administrative claims and medical charts data. METHODS: This study identified newly diagnosed MS patients (≥18 years) in a large United States managed care claims database between 1 January 2007 and 30 April 2011 using the ICD-9-CM code (340.xx). Mean annualized MS-related costs higher than the third quartile were categorized as high cost, lower than the first quartile as low, and the rest as medium...
September 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Saima Sultan, Chaitra Ravishankar Telgi, Seema Chaudhary, Naveen Manuja, Harsimran Kaur, Sinha Ashish Amit, Ravishankar Telgi Lingesha
INTRODUCTION: Numerous epidemiological studies have documented dental caries as the major public health problems throughout the world. It is gradually increasing in the underdeveloped and developing countries especially in children due to increasing popularity of refined sugars. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of natural chewable products (Tulsi, sesame seeds, fennel seeds, coconut) and ACP-CPP chewing gum on plaque pH, calcium and phosphate concentration...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Atul Juneja, Abha R Aggarwal, Tulsi Adhikari, Arvind Pandey
Establishing the appropriate hypothesis is one of the important steps for carrying out the statistical tests/analysis. Its understanding is important for interpreting the results of statistical analysis. The current communication attempts to provide the concept of testing of hypothesis in non inferiority and equivalence trials, where the null hypothesis is just reverse of what is set up for conventional superiority trials. It is similarly looked for rejection for establishing the fact the researcher is intending to prove...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sajjanshetty Mallikarjun, Ashwini Rao, Gururaghavendran Rajesh, Ramya Shenoy, Mithun Pai
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is an infection of the periodontal complex with severe forms of disease associated with specific bacteria colonizing the subgingival area. Widespread use of drugs has resulted in the emergence of side effects, uncommon infections, and resistance. Plant medicine like Tulsi has been used in many clinical conditions, and it appears to be a suitable alternative to manage conditions affecting the oral cavity. Hence, the objective was to assess the in vitro antimicrobial activity of Tulsi leaves extract (Ocimum sanctum) on periodontal pathogens with doxycycline as standard, as doxycycline has been used as an adjunct to nonsurgical therapy in periodontitis patients...
March 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Pranati Eswar, C G Devaraj, Payal Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Tulsi is a popular healing herb in Ayurvedic medicine. It is widely used in the treatment of several systemic diseases because of its anti-microbial property. However, studies documenting the effect of Tulsi on oral disease causing organisms are rare. Hence, an attempt was made to determine the effect of Tulsi on a periodontal microorganism in human dental plaque. AIM: To determine if Ocimum sanctum (Linn.) has an anti-microbial activity (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration and zone of inhibition) against Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in human dental plaque and to compare the antimicrobial activity of Ocimum sanctum(Linn...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Manjeshwar Shrinath Baliga, Suresh Rao, Manoj P Rai, Prema D'souza
The use of compounds which can selectively protect normal tissues against radiation injury is of immense use because in addition to it protecting the normal tissue, will also permits use of higher doses of radiation to obtain better cancer control and possible cure. However, most of the radio protective compounds investigated possess inadequate clinical application principally due to their inherent systemic toxicity at their optimal protective concentrations. Plants commonly used as medicinal and dietary agents have recently been the focus of attention and studies have shown that Ocimum sanctum Linn...
January 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Sabah Perveen, Hotam Singh Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: The prolonged use of antibiotic viz., tetracycline, quinolones, ampicillin, etc., to reduce the infection of cholera, may failed due to the emergence of new Vibrio cholerae antibiotics resistant strains. Moreover, these antibiotics even restricted for patient suffering from severe dehydration. Hence, there is a call to find an alternative therapeutics against V. cholerae. The natures serve different herbs in its lap which might contain several natural therapeutic compounds almost all diseases...
October 2015: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Baishakhi De, Koushik Bhandari, Rajeev K Singla, Prakash Katakam, Tanmoy Samanta, Dilip Kumar Kushwaha, Rohit Gundamaraju, Analava Mitra
BACKGROUND: Tulsi, Banyan, and Jamun are popular Indian medicinal plants with notable hypoglycemic potentials. Now the work reports chemo-profiling of the three species with in-vitro screening approach for natural enzyme inhibitors (NEIs) against enzymes pathogenic for type 2 diabetes. Further along with the chemometrics optimized extraction process technology, phyto-synergistic studies of the composite polyherbal blends have also been reported. OBJECTIVE: Chemometrically optimized extraction procedures, ratios of polyherbal composites to achieve phyto-synergistic actions, and in-vitro screening of NEIs amongst leaves of Tulsi, Banyan, and Jamun...
October 2015: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Pradeep Muttagadur Chandrappa, Akash Dupper, Pragya Tripathi, Ramakrishna Arroju, Preeti Sharma, Konthoujam Sulochana
BACKGROUND: Successful endodontic treatment depends on effective disinfection and complete sealing of root canal. Various medicaments are advised for disinfecting root canal, such as herbal and non-herbal medicaments. This study was done to assess the antimicrobial activity of herbal medicines (neem extract, tulsi extract) and chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis in Endodontics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Agar diffusion method was used to evaluate the antimicrobial action of different medicines...
December 2015: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Imelda S Barber, Jennyfer M García-Cárdenas, Chidchanok Sakdapanichkul, Christopher Deacon, Gabriela Zapata Erazo, Rita Guerreiro, Jose Bras, Dena Hernandez, Andrew Singleton, Tamar Guetta-Baranes, Anne Braae, Naomi Clement, Tulsi Patel, Keeley Brookes, Christopher Medway, Sally Chappell, David M Mann, Kevin Morgan
Early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) can be familial (FAD) or sporadic EOAD (sEOAD); both have a disease onset ≤65 years of age. A total of 451 sEOAD samples were screened for known causative mutations in exons 16 and 17 of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene. Four samples were shown to be heterozygous for 1 of 3 known causative mutations: p.A713T, p.V717I, and p.V717G; this highlights the importance of screening EOAD patients for causative mutations. Additionally, we document an intronic 6 base pair (bp) deletion located 83 bp downstream of exon 17 (rs367709245, IVS17 83-88delAAGTAT), which has a nonsignificantly increased minor allele frequency in our sEOAD cohort (0...
March 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Tulsi Ram Bhandari, V Raman Kutty, T K Sundari Ravindran
Despite various efforts for enhancing women's autonomy in developing countries, many women are deprived of their capacity in decision-making on their household affairs as well as social issues. This paper aimed to examine women's autonomy and its associated factors in the Kapilvastu district of Nepal. We measured women's autonomy using a recently developed women's autonomy measurement scale from June to October 2014. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test and logistic multivariate modeling technique were applied for assessing the association of demographic and socio-economic characteristics of women and their autonomy...
2016: PloS One
Elham Shafik Aazam, Zoya Zaheer
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized using Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi) leaves aqueous extract as reducing as well as a capping agent in absence and presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The resulting nanomaterials were characterized by UV-visible spectrophotometer, and transmission electron microscope. The UV-Vis spectroscopy revealed the formation of AgNPs at 400-450 nm. TEM photographs indicate that the truncated triangular silver nanoplates and/or spherical morphology of the AgNPs with an average diameter of 25 nm have been distorted markedly in presence of CTAB...
April 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
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