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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637303/management-of-acute-unilateral-nondisplaced-subaxial-cervical-facet-fractures
#1
Aditya Vedantam, Jared Steven Fridley, Jovany Cruz Navarro, Shankar P Gopinath
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the management of patients with nondisplaced cervical facet fractures. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of successful nonoperative management and risk factors for instability in patients with acute traumatic, unilateral, nondisplaced cervical facet fractures. METHODS: We reviewed patients with single or multilevel unilateral nondisplaced or minimally displaced subaxial cervical facet fractures between 2008 and 2014...
June 14, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637302/re-risk-prediction-for-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-in-11-united-states-based-case-control-studies-incorporation-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-and-17-confirmed-genetic-loci
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637282/the-effect-of-predisposing-atheroembolic-risk-factors-on-renal-functional-recovery-between-laparoscopy-and-open-technique-in-patients-with-t1-stage-renal-cell-carcinoma-who-underwent-partial-nephrectomy-a-retrospective-comparison-study
#3
Sung Han Kim, Jae Young Joung, Ho Kyung Seo, Kang Hyun Lee, Jinsoo Chung
Objective: The present study aimed to determine the effect of an increasing number of predisposing atheroembolic risk factors on the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) after partial nephrectomy (PN) in patients with T1-stage renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods: The study included 147 patients with T1-stage RCC with a normal contralateral kidney and without preoperative CKD, who underwent open (OPN, N = 83, 56.5%) or laparoscopic PN (LPN, N = 64, 43.5%) between 2003 and 2014...
June 14, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637274/association-of-bariatric-surgery-with-risk-of-infectious-diseases-a-self-controlled-case-series-analysis
#4
Tadahiro Goto, Atsushi Hirayama, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
Background: Although emerging data demonstrate that obesity is a risk factor for infectious diseases, no study has investigated the relationship of bariatric surgery with the risk of infectious diseases among obese adults. Methods: We conducted a self-controlled case series analysis using data from the State Emergency Department Database and State Inpatient Database of three US states (California, Florida, and Nebraska) from 2005 through 2011. We included obese adults who underwent bariatric surgery as an instrument of weight reduction...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637260/associations-of-obesity-and-lifestyle-with-the-risk-and-mortality-of-bloodstream-infection-in-a-general-population-a-15-year-follow-up-of-64%C3%A2-027-individuals-in-the-hunt-study
#5
Julie Paulsen, Åsa Askim, Randi Marie Mohus, Arne Mehl, Andrew Dewan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Bjørn O Åsvold
Background: Bloodstream infections (BSI) cause considerable morbidity and mortality, and primary prevention should be a priority. Lifestyle factors are of particular interest since they represent a modifiable target. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study among participants in the population-based Norwegian HUNT2 Survey, where 64 027 participants were followed from 1995-97 through 2011 by linkage to prospectively recorded information on BSI at local and regional hospitals...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637226/epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-in-situ-and-invasive-breast-cancer-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-nih-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#6
Maeve Mullooly, Zeina G Khodr, Cher M Dallal, Sarah J Nyante, Mark E Sherman, Roni Falk, Linda M Liao, Jeffrey Love, Louise A Brinton, Gretchen L Gierach
Comparing risk factor associations between invasive breast cancers and possible precursors may further understanding of factors related to initiation versus progression. Accordingly, among 190,325 postmenopausal participants in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study (1995-2011), we compared risk factor associations between incident ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS: n = 1,453) and invasive ductal carcinomas (n = 7,525) and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS: n = 186) and invasive lobular carcinomas (n = 1,191)...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637222/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-delayed-tsh-elevation-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-nicu-newborns
#7
Amnon Zung, Rachel Bier Palmon, Agneta Golan, Mara Troitzky, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, Ronella Marom, Rimona Keidar, Neri Kats, Shlomo Almashanu, Orna Flidel-Rimon
Context: Delayed TSH elevation (dTSH) is defined as elevated TSH in the second neonatal screen (following normal TSH in the initial screen) in premature, low-birth-weight and sick newborns, mostly in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting. The pathogenesis of dTSH is elusive. Objective: To identify risk factors for dTSH development among newborns in the NICU. Design: setting and patients: A retrospective chart review of neonates with dTSH was conducted in eight university-affiliated NICUs...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637179/is-delayed-surgical-revascularization-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-useful-or-dangerous-new-insights-into-an-old-problem
#8
Philippe Grieshaber, Peter Roth, Lukas Oster, Tobias M Schneider, Gerold Görlach, Bernd Nieman, Andreas Böning
OBJECTIVES: Haemodynamically stable patients admitted for coronary artery bypass grafting in acute myocardial infarction often undergo delayed surgery in order to avoid the risks of emergency surgery. However, initially stable patients undergoing delayed surgery may develop low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) during the waiting period, which might be a major drawback of this strategy. We aim to define risk factors and clinical consequences of LCOS during the waiting period. METHODS: A total of 530 consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction (33% non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and 67% ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction) underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting between 2008 and 2013...
June 20, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637178/the-at04a-vaccine-against-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-reduces-total-cholesterol-vascular-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-in-apoe-3leiden-cetp-mice
#9
Christine Landlinger, Marianne G Pouwer, Claudia Juno, José W A van der Hoorn, Elsbet J Pieterman, J Wouter Jukema, Guenther Staffler, Hans M G Princen, Gergana Galabova
Aims: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has emerged as a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of hypercholesterolaemia and atherosclerosis. PCSK9 binds to the low density lipoprotein receptor and enhances its degradation, which leads to the reduced clearance of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) and a higher risk of atherosclerosis. In this study, the AT04A anti-PCSK9 vaccine was evaluated for its therapeutic potential in ameliorating or even preventing coronary heart disease in the atherogenic APOE*3Leiden...
June 19, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637103/-the-development-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#10
REVIEW
Oh Sang Kwon, Joon Hwan Kim, Ju Hyun Kim
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may be one of the important causes of cryptogenic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). NAFLD-related HCCs (NAFLD-HCCs) have the following clinical features: high body mass index, deranged lipid profiles, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome. Among them, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and high Fe contents in the liver are risk factors of developing HCC in patients with NAFLD. Inflammatory cytokines, adipokines, insulin like growth factor-I, and lipotoxicity are intermingled and may cross react with each other to develop HCC...
June 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637101/-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#11
REVIEW
Hak Soo Kim, Yong Kyun Cho
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a wide spectrum of diseases that range from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and cirrhosis. In addition, the burden of NAFLD is rapidly growing. Previously, NAFLD was regarded as a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, which is a traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. However, there has been an increasing evidence that suggest NAFLD to be an independent risk factor of CVD. Therefore, currently, NAFLD should be reconsidered as not only a simple manifestation of metabolic syndrome, but also a systemic disease that contribute to CVD...
June 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637058/evaluation-of-cases-of-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-at-universidade-estadual-de-campinas-in-a-period-of-10-years
#12
Daniela Angerame Yela, Lucas Trigo, Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto
Purpose To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE), as well as the rate and recurrence factors for the disease. Methods A retrospective study of 52 women with AWE was performed at Universidade Estadual de Campinas from 2004 to 2014. Of the 231 surgeries performed for the diagnosis of endometriosis, 52 women were found to have abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE). The frequencies, means and standard deviations of the clinical characteristics of these women were calculated, as well as the recurrence rate of AWE...
June 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637047/pleural-adhesion-assessment-as-a-predictor-for-pneumothorax-after-endobronchial-valve-treatment
#13
Wouter H van Geffen, Karin Klooster, Jorine E Hartman, Nick H T Ten Hacken, Huib A M Kerstjens, Rienhart F E Wolf, Dirk-Jan Slebos
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax after bronchoscopic lung volume reduction using one-way endobronchial valves (EBVs) in patients with advanced emphysema occurs in approximately 20% of patients. It is not well known which factors predict the development of pneumothorax. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether pleural adhesions on pretreatment high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans are associated with pneumothorax occurrence after EBV treatment. METHODS: HRCT scan analyses were performed on all patients who received EBV treatment in a randomized controlled trial...
June 22, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637044/depressed-patients-hospitalized-in-southeast-facing-rooms-are-discharged-earlier-than-patients-in-northwest-facing-rooms
#14
Krzysztof Gbyl, Helle Østergaard Madsen, Signe Dunker Svendsen, Paul Michael Petersen, Ida Hageman, Carlo Volf, Klaus Martiny
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Improvement in patients admitted to inpatient wards with severe depression is slow, and such patients are often discharged with residual symptoms which put them at risk for relapse. New treatments that can speed up recovery are highly desired. This naturalistic follow-up study in a specialized affective disorders unit investigated the impact of daylight on the length of hospital stay and improvement of depression. METHODS: For a period of 1 year, we collected data on sociodemographics, length of stay, vitamin D, and depression severity for patients in an inpatient affective disorders unit...
June 22, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637037/surgical-site-infection-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Chikara Shirata, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Takashi Kokudo, Junichi Arita, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Junichi Kaneko, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Masatoshi Makuuchi, Norihiro Kokudo
AIMS: To clarify the clinical impact, risk factors, and preventive methods for surgical site infection (SSI) after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We included 879 consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy for HCC between 2002 and 2011. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify the risk factors for incisional and organ/space SSIs. ORs and 95% CIs are reported. RESULTS: The incidences of incisional and organ/space SSIs were 24 (2...
June 21, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636999/impact-of-insurance-status-on-the-survival-of-gallbladder-cancer-patients
#16
Zhiqiang Chen, Wen Gao, Liyong Pu, Long Zhang, Guoyong Han, Qin Zhu, Xiangcheng Li, Jindao Wu, Xuehao Wang
The prognostic significance of insurance status has been investigated in many types of malignancies, however, its impact on gallbladder cancer is yet not known. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between insurance status and gallbladder cancer survival. We searched the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results dataset, and identified 1,729 gallbladder cancer cases. Kaplan-Meier methods and multivariable Cox regression models were used to analyze survival outcomes and risk factors...
June 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636983/the-influence-of-marital-status-on-survival-in-patients-with-oral-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Wei Sun, Zeting Qiu, Wulin Tan, Zhongqi Liu, Zhongxing Wang, Wenqi Huang, Minghui Cao
Marital status was found to be an independent prognostic factor for survival in several cancers. However related researches of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) are still rare. We explored the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program and finally identified 14,194 patients with OTSCC. Kaplan-Meier analysis and multivariate Cox regression models were used to distinguish risk factors for overall survival (OS) and tumor cause-specific survival (TCSS). Widowed patients had the highest percentage of female, highest average ages and more prevalence with localized SEER Stage significantly, while patients in the single group were younger than other groups...
June 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636981/development-and-validation-of-nomogram-based-on-mir-203-and-clinicopathological-characteristics-predicting-survival-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-and-surgery-for-patients-with-non-metastatic-osteosarcoma
#18
Dong Cheng, Xubin Qiu, Ming Zhuang, Chenlei Zhu, Hongjun Zou, Ailiang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Recently, nomograms have been used as models for risk prediction in malignant tumor because they can predict the outcome of interest for a certain individual based on many variables. This study aimed to establish an effective prognostic nomogram for osteosarcoma based on the clinicopathological factors and microRNA-203. RESULTS: The results showed that miR-203 expression was significantly lower in osteosarcoma tissues compared with the corresponding adjacent tissues (P < 0...
June 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636872/long-term-postnatal-steroid-effect-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#19
YoungAh Youn, Cheong-Jun Moon, In Kyung Sung
We examined whether hydrocortisone exposure ≤ 1week in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) was associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes at corrected 18 months. Further, the clinical factors associated with worse long term outcome were also evaluated. Of a total of 191 VLBWI, the clinical data for these infants relating were retrospectively collected for analysis. Among the 191 VLBWI, 115 (60.2%) infants were exposed to early postnatal hydrocortisone ≤ 1 week of life in our NICU of Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea between December 2012 and December 2014...
June 18, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636868/deadly-liver-mob-opening-the-door-improving-sexual-health-pathways-for-aboriginal-people-in-western-sydney
#20
Karen Biggs, Jennifer Walsh, Catriona Ooi
BACKGROUND: The Deadly Liver Mob project (DLM) is an incentive-based, peer-driven health promotion intervention for Aboriginal people, focusing on hepatitis C and offering education and screening for sexually transmissible infections (STI) and blood-borne viruses (BBV). This study aims to assess the DLM effect on attendance and STI/BBV screening, describe BBV risk factors and report infection rates among Aboriginal people attending Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre (WSSHC). METHODS: A retrospective review of Aboriginal clients during the first year of the DLM project was compared with Aboriginal clients who attended during the 5...
October 2016: Sexual Health
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