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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219804/the-immediate-cardiovascular-response-to-joint-mobilization-of-the-neck-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-in-pain-free-adults
#1
Emmanuel Y Yung, Cheongeun Oh, Michael S Wong, Jason K Grimes, Erica M Barton, Muhammad I Ali, David Cameron
BACKGROUND: Some normotensive patients can have a spike in resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) in response to acute neck pain. Applying the typical dosage of mobilization may potentially result in a sympatho-excitatory response, further increasing resting SBP. Therefore, there is a need to explore other dosage regimens that could result in a decrease in SBP. OBJECTIVES: To compare the blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) response of pain-free, normotensive adults when receiving unilateral posterior-to-anterior mobilization (PA) applied to the neck versus its corresponding placebo (PA-P)...
February 4, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219714/relationship-between-physical-activity-and-hip-pain-in-persons-with-and-without-cam-or-pincer-morphology-a-population-based-case-control-study
#2
Jacek A Kopec, Jolanda Cibere, Linda C Li, Charlie Zhang, Morgan Barber, Hong Qian, Hubert Wong, Gavin Steininger, Helen Prlic, Jacqueline Simatovic, Charles Ratzlaff, Eric C Sayre, Joanna Ye, Bruce B Forster, John M Esdaile
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine if physical activity (PA) is a risk factor for persistent or recurrent hip pain in young and middle-aged persons with and without radiographic findings of cam or pincer morphology (CPM). METHODS: A population sample of persons aged 20-49 with (cases) and without (controls) hip pain in Metro Vancouver, Canada, was selected through random digit dialing. Self-reported PA was expressed as average energy expenditure (MET-hours) per year, over lifetime...
February 17, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181773/influence-of-the-fitbit-charge-hr-on-physical-activity-aerobic-fitness-and-disability-in-non-specific-back-pain-participants
#3
Rebecca Gordon, Saul Bloxham
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity (PA) and aerobic fitness can reduce non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) yet patient's physical activity 1 and aerobic fitness 2 have been shown to be lower than healthy counterparts. Pedometers are effective at promoting PA 3, yet more 'advanced consumer level activity monitors' (AAMs) can provide greater feedback to the user. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of new advances in commercially available wearable technology on PA, aerobic fitness and disability of low back pain participants...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163210/are-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-meeting-the-physical-activity-guidelines-a-co-twin-control-study
#4
Joshua Robert Zadro, Debra Shirley, Anita Amorim, Francisco Pérez-Riquelme, Juan R Ordoñana, Paulo H Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Despite a large amount of research investigating physical activity (PA) levels in people with chronic low back pain (LBP), no study has investigated whether people with chronic LBP are meeting the World Health Organization (WHO) PA guidelines. Furthermore, with genetics and the early shared environment substantially influencing the presence of LBP and PA engagement, these factors could confound the association between LBP and PA and need to be controlled for. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the association between chronic LBP and meeting the PA guidelines, while controlling for the effects of genetics and early shared environment...
February 2, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161318/effects-of-daily-physical-activity-level-on-manual-wheelchair-propulsion-technique-in-full-time-manual-wheelchair-users-during-steady-state-treadmill-propulsion
#5
Jennifer Dysterheft, Ian Rice, Yvonne Learmonth, Dominque Kinnett-Hopkins, Robert Motl
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether differences in propulsion technique as a function of intra-individual variability occur as a result of shoulder pain and physical activity (PA) level in full time manual wheelchair users (MWU). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 14 MWU completed the study. Participants were 18-64 years old, used a wheelchair for > 80% ambulation, and free of any condition that could be worsened by PA...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137475/physical-activity-after-a-hip-fracture-effect-of-a-multicomponent-home-based-rehabilitation-program-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Katri Turunen, Anu Salpakoski, Johanna Edgren, Timo Törmäkangas, Marja Arkela, Mauri Kallinen, Maija Pesola, Sirpa Hartikainen, Riku Nikander, Sarianna Sipilä
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a yearlong multicomponent rehabilitation program on the level of physical activity (PA) and the maintenance of the level of PA over one year follow-up among older people recovering from a recent hip fracture. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized, controlled, parallel-group trial. SETTING: Home-based rehabilitation; measurements in university laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling people aged 60+ recovering from a hip fracture...
January 27, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111983/relationships-between-self-determination-theory-and-theory-of-planned-behavior-applied-to-physical-activity-and-exercise-behavior-in-chronic-pain
#7
Jessica M Brooks, Kanako Iwanaga, Chung-Yi Chiu, Brandi Parker Cotton, Jon Deiches, Blaise Morrison, Erin Moser, Fong Chan
This study examined the relationships between self-determination theory (SDT) and theory of planned behavior (TpB) applied to physical activity and exercise behavior (PA&E) in people with chronic pain. Two hundred and eleven adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain (28 males and 183 females, age range 18 to 82 years, mean age 43 years) were recruited from online support groups and clinic networks in the United States. Participants completed SDT measures relevant to PA&E on perceived autonomy support, autonomy, competence, and relatedness, as well as TpB measures relevant to PA&E on intention, attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control...
January 22, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100238/chronic-physical-conditions-multimorbidity-and-physical-activity-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, Felipe B Schuch, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: There are no nationally representative population-based studies investigating the relationship between physical activity, chronic conditions and multimorbidity (i.e., two or more chronic conditions) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and studies on a multi-national level are lacking. This is an important research gap, given the rapid increase in the prevalence of chronic diseases associated with lifestyle changes in these countries. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between chronic conditions, multimorbidity and low physical activity (PA) among community-dwelling adults in 46 LMICs, and explore the mediators of these relationships...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076993/evaluation-of-clinical-and-serological-findings-for-diagnosis-of-cutaneous-anthrax-infection-after-an-outbreak
#9
Duygu Gulseren, Serap Süzük-Yıldız, Bekir Çelebi, Selçuk Kılıç
PURPOSE: Anthrax, caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, is one of the oldest documented infectious diseases in both livestock and humans.We aimed to evaluate clinical findings and risk factors of patients with cutaneous anthrax infection and report anti-lethal factor (LF) IgG and anti-protective antigene (PA) IgG titers in the serologic diagnosis of disease. METHODS: In this study, serum samples of 18 cutaneous anthrax patients were collected and anti-LF IgG and anti-PA IgG titers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 11, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051251/observation-of-clinical-efficacy-of-rt-pa-intravenous-thrombolytic-treatment-for-patients-combined-with-grade-0-1-diabetic-foot-by-wagner-classification-and-acute-ischemic-stroke
#10
C-H Li, Y Chen, C-H Zhang, Z Dong, Z Wang, S-N Zhao, Y-X Wang, Z-Y Lv, P-L Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of rt-PA intravenous thrombolytic treatment for patients with diabetic foot (DF) and acute ischemic stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 76 patients admitted between June 2012 to December 2015 presenting with acute ischemic stroke and Grade 0-1 DF a (Wagner classification). The treatment group consisted of 44 patients who received rt-PA intravenous thrombolytic treatment, while 32 cases in the control group did not...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048479/we-ab-207b-01-dose-tolerance-for-sbrt-sabr
#11
J Grimm
PURPOSE: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) / stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) is gaining popularity, but quantitative dose tolerance has still been lacking. To improve this, the April 2016 issue of Seminars in Radiation Oncology will have normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) models for 10 critical structures: optic pathway, cochlea, oral mucosa, esophagus, chestwall, aorta, bronchi, duodenum, small bowel, and spinal cord. METHODS: The project included more than 1500 treatments in 1-5 fractions using CyberKnife, Gamma Knife, or LINAC, with 60 authors from 15 institutions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047624/su-g-jep3-07-real-time-image-guided-radiation-therapy-for-heterotopic-ossification-in-patients-after-hip-replacement
#12
A Le, S Jiang, R Timmerman, H Choy, A Pompos
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility of using CBCT in a real-time image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) for single fraction heterotopic ossification (HO) in patients after hip replacement. In this real-time procedure, all steps, from simulation, imaging, planning to treatment delivery, are performed at the treatment unit in one appointment time slot. This work promotes real-time treatment to create a paradigm shift in the single fraction radiation therapy. METHODS: An integrated real-time IGRT for HO was developed and tested for radiation treatment of heterotopic ossification for patient after hip replacement...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043273/-clinical-application-study-of-non-invasive-ventilation-in-the-treatment-of-the-pneumoconiosis-patients-with-chronic-type-%C3%A2-respiratory-failure
#13
F H Gao, Z G Tian, Y Y Guo, Y Zhao, G J Wang
Objective: To observe the effect of early intervention and intermittent application of bi level positive air-way pressure ventilation (BiPAP) in patients with pneumoconiosis combined with chronic respiratory failure. Methods: Will meet the diagnostic criteria of pneumoconiosis in GBZ70-2009< >, the blood gas analysis in patients with chronic type II re-spiratory failure in 62 cases were randomly divided into rehabilitation treatment group 32 cases, control group of 30 cases. Pa-tients in the observation group were treated by on-invasive ventilation, while the control group were treated by the convention-al treatment...
November 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033197/impact-of-panic-attacks-on-bronchoconstriction-and-subjective-distress-in-asthma-patients-with-and-without-panic-disorder
#14
Maxine Boudreau, Simon L Bacon, Nicola J Paine, André Cartier, Barbara Trutschnigg, Alexandre Morizio, Kim L Lavoie
OBJECTIVES: Panic disorder (PD) is common among asthmatics and is associated with worse asthma outcomes. This may occur due to psychophysiological factors or to cognitive/affective factors. This study evaluated the impact of panic attacks (PAs) on bronchoconstriction and subjective distress in asthmatics with and without PD. METHODS: A total of 25 asthmatics (15 with PD who had a PA [PD/PA], 10 without PD who didn't have a PA [noPD/noPA]) were recruited from an outpatient clinic...
December 28, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031668/bilateral-superficial-femoral-artery-thrombosis-in-a-15-year-old-caucasian-male-with-homozygous-prothrombin-g20210a-genotype-and-associated-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#15
Uzung Yoon, LaiLai Kwok, Ingo Flessenkaemper
Prothrombin mutation was usually associated with other well-established predisposing factors for venous thrombosis such as antiphospholipid antibodies. Recently, even isolated prothrombin gene mutation G20210A has been reported to present severe or unusual vein thrombosis. Less clear is the role of prothrombin mutation in the formation of arterial thrombosis. We present a case of a 15-year-old healthy White male with acute bilateral femoral artery thrombosis. The patient presented with increasing left leg pain for about 1 week...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029070/an-exploration-of-factors-influencing-physical-activity-levels-amongst-a-cohort-of-people-living-in-the-community-after-stroke-in-the-south-of-england
#16
Sharon Jackson, Christopher Mercer, Barbara Jennifer Singer
PURPOSE: To explore factors influencing physical activity (PA) reported by people living in rural/semi-rural communities in the south of England post-stroke, and to understand relationships between personal, interpersonal and environmental barriers and self-reported levels of PA. METHOD: A survey was mailed to patients of NHS Trusts who were identified as potential participants. Self-reported PA levels, type, and frequency of reported barriers were tabulated. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to explore associations between self-reported PA level and: age, gender, level of physical function, fear of falling, beliefs regarding PA, available supports, and socioeconomic status...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024420/assessing-the-correlation-between-physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-advanced-lung-cancer
#17
Brett C Bade, Mary C Brooks, Sloan B Nietert, Ansley Ulmer, D David Thomas, Paul J Nietert, JoAnn B Scott, Gerard A Silvestri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Increasing physical activity (PA) is safe and beneficial in lung cancer (LC) patients. Advanced-stage LC patients are under-studied and have worse symptoms and quality of life (QoL). We evaluated the feasibility of monitoring step count in advanced LC as well as potential correlations between PA and QoL. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational study of 39 consecutive patients with advanced-stage LC. Daily step count over 1 week (via Fitbit Zip), QoL, dyspnea, and depression scores were collected...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009652/positive-and-negative-affect-is-related-to-experiencing-chest-pain-during-exercise-induced-myocardial-ischemia
#18
Philippe Stébenne, Simon L Bacon, Anthony Austin, Nicola J Paine, André Arsenault, Catherine Laurin, Bernard Meloche, Jennifer Gordon, Jocelyn Dupuis, Kim L Lavoie
OBJECTIVES: Silent myocardial ischemia is thought to be associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes due to a lack of perception of pain cues that initiate treatment seeking. Negative affect (NA) has been associated with increased pain reporting and positive affect (PA) with decreased pain reporting, but these psychological factors have not been examined within the context of myocardial ischemia. This study evaluated the associations between PA, NA, and chest pain reporting in patients with and without ischemia during exercise testing...
December 22, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996221/the-practice-of-physical-activity-and-cryotherapy-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-systematic-review
#19
Daniele Peres, Yoshimasa Sagawa, Benoit Dugué, Susana C Domenech, Nicolas Tordi, Clement Prati
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune, chronic and inflammatory disease, which the affected patients present a higher cardiovascular mortality rate. Physical Activities (PA) have been identified as the most important strategy to prevent cardiovascular diseases. However, the articular damage and the chronic pain caused by RA challenges its regular practice. Moreover, persons with RA tend to avoid PA due to the fear of exacerbating the inflammatory potential and pain...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984429/exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-is-not-influenced-by-physical-activity-type-and-amount
#20
Christopher D Black, Jamie K Huber, Laura D Ellingson, Carl J Ade, E Laurette Taylor, Elaine M Griffeth, Natalie R Janzen, Shelbi L Sutterfield
: Physical activity (PA), especially vigorous intensity PA, has been shown to be related to pain sensitivity. The relationship among physical activity levels and physical activity types on endogenous pain inhibition following exercise, termed exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) remains unclear. PURPOSE: This studied examined the EIH response to pressure stimuli among college-aged women of differing activity levels. METHODS: Fifty women were tested...
December 14, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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