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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159676/the-posterior-anterior-flexed-view-is-better-than-the-anterior-posterior-view-for-assessing-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee
#1
Kilian Rueckl, Friedrich Boettner, Noor Maza, Armin Runer, Ulrich Bechler, Peter Sculco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine whether the posterior-anterior (PA)-flexed view improves the radiographic assessment of patients with knee pain compared with the standard standing anterior-posterior radiograph. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and sixty-five patients with knee pain underwent anterior-posterior (AP), PA flexed, lateral, and Merchant radiographs of the knee. Knees were grouped as mild (Kellgren and Lawrence [K-L] 1-2) or severe (K-L 3-4) osteoarthritis (OA) and either varus (medial compartment), valgus (lateral compartment), or patellofemoral OA...
November 20, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144207/exploring-physical-activity-behaviour-needs-for-and-interest-in-a-technology-delivered-home-based-exercise-programme-among-patients-with-intermittent-claudication
#2
Nils Cornelis, Roselien Buys, Inge Fourneau, Tijl Dewit, Véronique Cornelissen
BACKGROUND: Supervised walking is a first line therapy in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with complaints of intermittent claudication. However, uptake of supervised programmes is low. Home-based exercise seems an appealing alternative; especially since technological advances, such as tele-coaching and tele-monitoring, may facilitate the process and support patients when adopting a physically active lifestyle. To guide the development of such an intervention, it is important to identify barriers of physical activity and the needs and interests for technology-enabled exercise in this patient group...
November 16, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122146/physical-activity-correlates-in-people-with-anxiety-data-from-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of nationally-representative data on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with anxiety symptoms. Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with anxiety symptoms in 46 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) using predominantly nationally-representative data. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Survey were analysed. PA was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and participants were dichotomised into those that do (≥150min moderate-vigorous PA) and do not (<150min) meet recommended PA weekly targets...
November 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117912/measurement-of-physical-activity-in-the-pre-and-early-post-operative-period-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritis-using-a-fitbit-flex-device
#4
Joshua Twiggs, Lucy Salmon, Elizabeth Kolos, Emily Bogue, Brad Miles, Justin Roe
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a standard treatment for patients with end stage knee Osteoarthritis (OA) to reduce pain and restore function. The aim of this study was to assess pre- and early post-operative physical activity (PA) with Fitbit Flex devices for patients with OA undergoing TKA and determine any benchmarks for expected post-operative activity. Significant correlations of pre-operative step count, post-operative step count, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Short Form 12 Physical Component Summaries (SF-12 PCS) were found...
November 6, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115002/clinical-and-radiological-features-of-pulmonary-artery-sarcoma-a-report-of-nine-cases
#5
Xin Pu, Man Song, Xiaoyong Huang, Guangfa Zhu, Dong Chen, Huili Gan, Lianjun Huang
OBJECTIVE: To improve our understanding and facilitate early diagnosis of pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS). METHODS: The clinical and radiological features of 9 histopathologically confirmed PAS patients were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Our PAS cohort consisted of 5 males and 4 females, with insidious presentation, the main symptoms were dyspnea (88.9%), syncope (33.3%), palpitations (22.2%), chest pain (22.2%), hemoptysis (11.1%) and constitutional symptoms, including fever (44...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114535/joint-predictability-of-physical-activity-and-body-weight-status-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-hypertension
#6
Taofeek O Awotidebe, Victor O Adeyeye, Suraj A Ogunyemi, Luqman A Bisiriyu, Rufus A Adedoyin, Michael O Balogun, Rasaaq A Adebayo, Omolara D Amosun
This study investigated the predictability of physical activity (PA) and body weight status (BWS) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with hypertension. A cross-sectional study involved 250 patients with hypertension (≥140/90≤179/109 mmHg) selected from government hospitals in Osun State, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was used to select participants. Socio-demographic characteristics and cardiovascular parameters were recorded. PA and HRQoL were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Short Form health survey questionnaire respectively...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113616/correlates-of-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-individuals-aged-65-years-or-older-with-anxiety-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Mats Hallgren, Nicola Veronese, James Mugisha, Michel Probst, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Given the important health benefits of physical activity (PA) and the higher risk for physical inactivity in people with anxiety, and the high prevalence of anxiety and low PA among the elderly, there is a need for research to investigate what factors influence PA participation among anxious older individuals. We investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 65 years with anxiety symptoms in six low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077218/hip-abductor-strength-and-fatigue-are-associated-with-activity-levels-more-than-one-year-after-total-hip-replacement
#8
Kharma C Foucher, Christopher C Cinnamon, Colleen A Ryan, Samuel J Chmell, Kris Dapiton
Despite improvements in pain and function, people who undergo total hip arthroplasty (THR) may not always return to desired levels of physical activity (PA). The factors associated with low activity levels are not fully understood. Abductor weakness and fatigue have both been proposed as factors that limit activity in older adults or people with hip osteoarthritis, but have not been investigated after THR. We hypothesized that abductor weakness and fatigue are associated with lower activity levels in people who have undergone a THR and that fatigue mediates the association between abductor strength and activity...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069005/effect-of-polydeoxyribonucleotide-injection-on-pes-anserine-bursitis-a-case-report
#9
Jong-Uk Mun, Hyung R Cho, Sae M Bae, Soo K Park, Soo L Choi, Mi S Seo, Young S Lim, Soo H Woo Rn, Young U Kim
RATIONALE: Pes anserine (PA) bursitis is an inflammatory condition of the medial knee. The PA bursa becomes more painful when infected, damaged, or irritated. Although various treatment options have been attempted to treat PA bursitis, optimal treatments are still debated. This study aims to investigate the effect of polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) injection on reducing pain and inflammation in a patient presenting with PA bursitis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old female patient was admitted to our pain clinic with symptoms of tenderness and pain over the medial knee...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994143/correlates-of-physical-activity-among-depressed-older-people-in-six-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Nicola Veronese, James Mugisha, Nathalie Swinnen, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) in older people with depression, many do not comply with the International PA guidelines. Thus, we investigated what factors influence PA participation among 915 community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥65 years) with depression in 6 low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. The sample was restricted to those with DSM-IV depression or receiving depression treatment in the last 12 months...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993002/recovery-patterns-over-4-years-after-distal-radius-fracture-descriptive-changes-in-fracture-specific-pain-disability-fall-risk-factors-bone-mineral-density-and-general-health-status
#11
Neha Dewan, Joy C MacDermid, Ruby Grewal, Karen Beattie
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive/Longitudinal cohort. INTRODUCTION: Distal radius fracture (DRF) is a common fall related fragility fracture that is known to be an early and independent predictor of secondary osteoporotic (OP) fractures. Changes in falls risk status, bone status and general health has not been evaluated prospectively in a population that has sustained a DRF. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of our study was to describe the status of fracture-specific pain/disability, fall risk factors such as physical activity (PA) and fear of falling (FOF), bone mineral density (BMD) and general health status (HS) in people with a DRF and how these variables change over four years with respect to sex, age, incidence of secondary falls and secondary OP fractures...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985158/association-between-chronic-pain-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-schoolteachers
#12
Mayara C S Santos, Selma M de Andrade, Alberto D González, Douglas Fernando Dias, Arthur Eumann Mesas
Chronic pain (CP) is a public health problem with harmful social and individual effects, and its relationships with physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors are unclear. This study examined the relationship between CP and PA and time spent watching television as an indicator of leisure time sedentary behavior, and explored the effects of major confounding factors. The information was obtained between 2012 and 2013 from individual interviews with 943 teachers from public schools in Londrina, Brazil. Statistical analysis was performed in 2014 using a logistic regression model adjusted for sociodemographic, lifestyle, depression, and working conditions variables...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964314/optimal-dose-of-rocuronium-bromide-undergoing-adenotonsillectomy-under-5-sevoflurane-with-fentanyl
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hyub Huh, Jeong Jun Park, Ji Yeong Kim, Tae Hoon Kim, Seung Zhoo Yoon, Hye Won Shin, Hye-Won Lee, Hye-Ja Lim, Jang Eun Cho
OBJECTIVE: Adenotonsillectomy is a short surgical procedure under general anaesthesia in children. An ideal muscle relaxant for adenotonsillectomy would create an intense neuromuscular block while having a quick recovery time without postoperative morbidity. We compared the effect of different doses of rocuronium for the tracheal intubation in children under 5% sevoflurane and fentanyl. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 75 children (aged 3-10 years, ASA I) scheduled for adenotonsillectomy were enrolled...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958420/characterizing-exposure-to-physical-risk-factors-among-reforestation-hand-planters-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#14
Robert F Granzow, Mark C Schall, Mathew F Smidt, Howard Chen, Nathan B Fethke, Rong Huangfu
Low back and neck/shoulder pain are commonly reported among reforestation hand planters. While some studies have documented the intensive cardiovascular demands of hand planting, limited information is available regarding exposures to physical risk factors associated with the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among hand planters. This study used surface electromyography (EMG) and inertial measurement units (IMUs) to characterize the muscle activation patterns, upper arm and trunk postures, movement velocities, and physical activity (PA) of fourteen Southeastern reforestation hand planters over one work shift...
January 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958061/longitudinal-associations-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-physical-activity-and-knee-pain-and-dysfunction-with-muscle-loss-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#15
Saliu Balogun, Dawn Aitken, Tania Winzenberg, Karen Wills, David Scott, Michele Callisaya, Graeme Jones
Aim: To describe the associations of between-person and within-person variability in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), physical activity (PA) and knee pain and dysfunction with muscle mass, strength and muscle quality over 10 years in community-dwelling older adults. Method: Participants (n=1033; 51% women; mean age 63±7.4 years) were measured at baseline, 2.5, 5, and 10 years. Lower-limb lean mass (LLM) was assessed using DXA, lower-limb muscle strength (LMS) using a dynamometer; and lower-limb muscle quality (LMQ) calculated as LMS/LLM...
August 14, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941003/trajectories-of-fear-avoidance-beliefs-on-physcial-activity-over-two-years-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Ingrid Demmelmaier, Annika Björk, Alyssa B Dufour, Birgitta Nordgren, Christina H Opava
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe two-year trajectories of fear-avoidance beliefs on physical activity and to identify predictors of these trajectories in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We included 2569 persons with RA (77% women, mean age 58 years). Data on fear-avoidance beliefs (Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire - Physical Activity subscale, FABQ-PA, 0-24), sociodemographics, disease-related variables, self-efficacy and health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) were collected from registers and by questionnaires at baseline, 14 and 26 months...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936610/tight-fitting-radial-head-prosthesis-does-stem-size-help-prevent-painful-loosening
#17
Pierre Laumonerie, Nicolas Reina, Claudia Gutierrez, Stephanie Delclaux, Meagan E Tibbo, Nicolas Bonnevialle, Pierre Mansat
INTRODUCTION: The most common reason for removal of well-fixed radial head prostheses is painful loosening. We hypothesised that short-stemmed prostheses, used for radial head arthroplasty, are not associated with an increased risk of implant loosening. METHODS: From 2002 to 2014, 65 patients were enrolled in a retrospective single-centre study. The radial head prostheses were classified as having either a long (30-mm) or short (16- to 22-mm) stem. The long-stemmed implants comprised 30 GUEPAR® DePuy Synthes (West Chester, PA, USA) and 20 Evolutive® Aston Medical (Saint-Etienne, France) devices; the short-stemmed implants comprised nine RECON and six STANDARD rHead® SBI-Stryker (Morrisville, PA, USA) devices...
September 21, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931026/does-physical-activity-buffer-insomnia-due-to-back-and-neck-pain
#18
Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Jan Hagberg, Irene Jensen
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal pain is highly prevalent and a burden to society, recurrent and persistent low back pain (LBP) and neck pain (NP) being the most common conditions. They are associated with other poor health outcomes such as sleep problems. Physical activity (PA) prevents LBP and NP, but the direct effect on sleep is unclear. This study explored the effect of pain on insomnia, and examined if adherence to moderate-to-high intensity levels of PA influenced this relationship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925497/the-feasibility-of-the-cd271-and-cd271-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-enrichment-toward-nucleus-pulposus-like-cells
#19
Katarzyna Jezierska-Wozniak, Monika Barczewska, Aleksandra Habich, Pawel Wojtacha, Wanda Badowska, Wojciech Maksymowicz, Joanna Wojtkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Factors promoting nerve cell ingrowth are considered responsible for chronic back pain resulting from the intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). One of the recent exploratory IDD treatments is stem cell transplantation therapy. The CD271 (low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor) has been identified as a marker of the most homogeneous mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) subset. It is capable of promoting differentiation along adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic lineages and producing significantly higher levels of cytokines as compared to the total population of plastic adherence-mesenchymal stem cells (PA-MSCs)...
September 19, 2017: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916174/evaluation-of-beat-to-beat-ventricular-repolarization-lability-from-standard-12-lead-ecg-during-acute-myocardial-ischemia
#20
Salah S Al-Zaiti, Mohammad Alrawashdeh, Christian Martin-Gill, Clifton Callaway, David Mortara, Jan Nemec
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial ischemia is a common cause of ventricular arrhythmias, yet recent ECG methods predicting susceptibility to ventricular tachyarrhythmia have not been fully evaluated during spontaneous ischemia. We sought to evaluate the clinical utility of alternans and non-alternans components of repolarization variability from the standard 10-second 12-lead ECG signals to risk stratify patients with acute chest pain. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive, non-traumatic, chest pain patients transported through Emergency Medical Services (EMS) to three tertiary care hospitals with cardiac catheterization lab capabilities in Pittsburgh, PA...
November 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
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