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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655212/do-comorbidities-influence-help-seeking-for-cancer-alarm-symptoms-a-population-based-survey-in-england
#1
Theodosia Salika, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Katriina L Whitaker, Jo Waller, Cristina Renzi
Background: We examined associations between different chronic morbidities and help-seeking for possible cancer symptoms. Methods: Postal survey of individuals aged >50 years in England. Participants could report prior morbidities in respect of 12 pre-defined conditions. Among patients experiencing possible cancer symptoms we examined associations between specific morbidities and self-reported help-seeking (i.e. contacted versus not contacted a GP) for each alarm symptom using regression analyses...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652832/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-aid-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Roberto Cattivelli, Alessandro Rossi, Margherita Novelli, Giorgia Varallo, Enrico Molinari
Obesity is a chronic condition associated with risk factors for many medical complications and comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer, osteoarthritis, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, type-2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and different psychosocial issues and psychopathological disorders. Obesity is a highly complex, multifactorial disease: genetic, biological, psychological, behavioral, familial, social, cultural, and environmental factors can influence in different ways...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652673/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-middle-eastern-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-results-from-the-first-jordanian-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-study
#3
Ayman J Hammoudeh, Imad A Alhaddad, Yousef Khader, Ramzi Tabbalat, Eyas Al-Mousa, Akram Saleh, Mohamad Jarrah, Assem Nammas, Mahmoud Izraiq
Background and aims: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the Middle East. We sought to study the prevalence and coexistence of 6 cardiovascular risk factors (RFs) among patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and to evaluate the impact of age and gender on the presence of multiple RFs. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prospective, multicenter study, 2426 consecutive patients were enrolled. Mean age was 59.0 ± 10.1 years and 500 (20.6%) were women...
July 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652530/achilles-tendon-ultrasonography-for-diagnosis-of-familial-hypercholesterolemia-among-japanese-subjects
#4
Masahito Michikura, Masatsune Ogura, Masahiro Yamamoto, Masahiko Sekimoto, Chizuru Fuke, Mika Hori, Koji Arai, Shinji Kihara, Kiminori Hosoda, Koji Yanagi, Mariko Harada-Shiba
BACKGROUND: Difficulty in detecting and measuring Achilles tendon (AT) xanthomas may be responsible for underdiagnosis of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). We aimed to determine a cutoff value for AT thickness (AT-T) using ultrasonography to diagnose FH, and to investigate the relationship between AT-T and atherosclerosis.Methods and Results:Ultrasonographic AT-T and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) were evaluated in 130 genetically diagnosed FH patients and 155 non-FH patients...
June 23, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652529/efficacy-and-safety-of-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-inhibitor-evacetrapib-administered-as-monotherapy-in-japanese-patients-with-primary-hypercholesterolemia
#5
Tamio Teramoto, Arihiro Kiyosue, Takeshi Iimura, Yasushi Takita, Jeffrey S Riesmeyer, Masahiro Murakami
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein with evacetrapib may provide an additional treatment option for patients who do not reach their low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal with statins or patients who cannot tolerate statins.Methods and Results:This multicenter, randomized, 12-week, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled, outpatient, phase 3 study evaluated the efficacy of evacetrapib in reducing LDL-C in 54 Japanese patients (27 evacetrapib, 27 placebo) with primary hypercholesterolemia...
June 23, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652463/cardiometabolic-determinants-of-carotid-and-aortic-distensibility-from-childhood-to-early-adulthood
#6
Hanna Mikola, Katja Pahkala, Harri Niinikoski, Tapani Rönnemaa, Jorma S A Viikari, Antti Jula, Markus Juonala, Olli T Raitakari
Children who are obese or have familial hypercholesterolemia have stiffer arteries compared with lean, healthy peers. Limited data are, however, available on the association of cardiometabolic risk markers and arterial distensibility in healthy children, particularly in a longitudinal setting. Therefore, we studied in the prospective STRIP (Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project) comprising healthy, predominantly normal weight participants the association of several cardiometabolic and dietary risk markers with arterial distensibility from childhood to early adulthood...
June 26, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652387/putting-into-perspective-the-hazards-of-untreated-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#7
EDITORIAL
Paul N Hopkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652386/long-term-cardiovascular-risk-in-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia-relatives-identified-by-cascade-screening
#8
Kasper Aalbæk Kjærgaard, Morten Krogh Christiansen, Morten Schmidt, Morten Smærup Olsen, Henrik Kjærulf Jensen
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia increases the risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Whether affected relatives of probands are at increased risk remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the long-term cardiovascular risk in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia relatives with a low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) mutation who were all recommended statin therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were identified by cascade screening at Aarhus University Hospital during 1992-1994...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652127/efficacy-of-a-combined-strategy-to-improve-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-control-among-patients-with-hypercholesterolemia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Ignacio Párraga-Martínez, Francisco Escobar-Rabadán, Joseba Rabanales-Sotos, Fernando Lago-Deibe, Juan M Téllez-Lapeira, Alejandro Villena-Ferrer, Mariano Blasco-Valle, José M Ferreras-Amez, Susana Morena-Rayo, José M Del Campo-Del Campo, M Candelaria Ayuso-Raya, José J Pérez-Pascual
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Several interventions can improve low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control. Our main objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a combined intervention to improve LDL-C control in patients with hypercholesterolemia. The study also assessed the efficacy of the intervention in improving adherence (pharmacological, diet, and exercise). METHODS: A multicenter, parallel group, randomized clinical trial (primary care) was conducted in 358 adults diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia, whether receiving prior drug therapy or not...
June 23, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648438/recent-trends-in-epidemiology-of-dyslipidemias-in-india
#10
REVIEW
Rajeev Gupta, Ravinder S Rao, Anoop Misra, Samin K Sharma
Dyslipidemia is the most important atherosclerotic risk factor. Review of population based studies in India shows increasing mean total cholesterol levels. Recent studies have reported that high cholesterol is present in 25-30% of urban and 15-20% rural subjects. This prevalence is lower than high-income countries. The most common dyslipidemia in India are borderline high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides. Studies have reported that over a 20-year period total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels have increased among urban populations...
May 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647412/real-world-data-to-assess-changes-in-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-predicted-cardiovascular-risk-after-ezetimibe-discontinuation-post-reporting-of-the-ezetimibe-and-simvastatin-in-hypercholesterolemia-enhances-atherosclerosis-regression-trial
#11
Harold E Bays, Mehul D Patel, Panagiotis Mavros, Dena R Ramey, Joanne E Tomassini, Andrew M Tershakovec, Carl A Baxter
BACKGROUND: The 2008 Ezetimibe and Simvastatin in Hypercholesterolemia Enhances Atherosclerosis Regression (ENHANCE) study demonstrated ezetimibe + simvastatin vs simvastatin alone had a neutral effect on the surrogate endpoint of carotid intima-media thickness. Subsequent media portrayal of the study prompted ezetimibe discontinuation in many patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the impact of ENHANCE reporting on ezetimibe discontinuation, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) changes, and potential cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646901/effect-of-ezetimibe-add-on-therapy-over-52%C3%A2-weeks-extension-analysis-of-prospective-randomized-trial-research-study-in-type-2-diabetes-subjects
#12
Kentaro Sakamoto, Mitsunobu Kawamura, Takayuki Watanabe, Keiko Ashidate, Takahide Kohro, Akira Tanaka, Yasumichi Mori, Motoki Tagami, Tsutomu Hirano, Tsutomu Yamazaki, Teruo Shiba
BACKGROUND: Lowering cholesterol levels decreases the risk of atherosclerotic diseases. Effective ways to stably reduce LDL-C level are warranted in type 2 diabetic patients, a high-risk population for CVD, with various anti-diabetic therapeutic background. The RESEARCH study focuses on LDL-C reduction in this population along with modifications of the lipid profiles. We evaluated long-term ezetimibe add-on therapy in T2DM patients with hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: In a randomized, multicenter, open-label, prospective study, a total of 109 T2DM patients not attaining LDL-C target value despite first-line dose statin (10 mg of atorvastatin or 1 mg of pitavastatin) therapy in Japan were recruited...
June 24, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646806/potential-of-probiotics-in-hypercholesterolemia-a-review-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-findings
#13
Smriti Sharma, Seema Puri, Anura V Kurpad
Context • Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major public health problem in developing and developed countries. Elevated cholesterol levels, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and the emergence of CHD, have been positively correlated in many clinical and epidemiological studies. The health benefits of probiotics have received a great deal of attention, including their blood cholesterol-lowering effects on humans. Objective • The research team intended to determine the current state of research examining the effects of various probiotic strains on lipid profiles, including measures in serum of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645478/a-tspo-ligand-prevents-mitochondrial-sterol-accumulation-and-dysfunction-during-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-in-hypercholesterolemic-rats
#14
Julien Musman, Stéphanie Paradis, Mathieu Panel, Sandrine Pons, Caroline Barau, Claudio Caccia, Valerio Leoni, Bijan Ghaleh, Didier Morin
A major cause of cell death during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion is mitochondrial dysfunction. We previously showed that the reperfusion of an ischemic myocardium was associated with an accumulation of cholesterol into mitochondria and a concomitant strong generation of auto-oxidized oxysterols. The inhibition of mitochondrial accumulation of cholesterol abolished the formation of oxysterols and prevented mitochondrial injury at reperfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of hypercholesterolemia on sterol and oxysterol accumulation in rat cardiac cytosols and mitochondria and to analyse the effect of the translocator protein ligand 4'-chlorodiazepam on this accumulation and mitochondrial function...
June 20, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645073/analysis-of-ldlr-variants-from-homozygous-fh-patients-carrying-multiple-mutations-in-the-ldlr-gene
#15
Long Jiang, Asier Benito-Vicente, Ling Tang, Aitor Etxebarria, Wei Cui, Kepa B Uribe, Xiao-Dong Pan, Helena Ostolaza, Shi-Wei Yang, Yu-Jie Zhou, Cesar Martin, Lu-Ya Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disease with widespread global prevalence that partially accounts for the high prevalence of premature coronary heart disease. Although the majority of research on FH has focused on single heterozygous LDLR mutations, there have been limited reports of double LDLR mutations on the same chromosome. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the clinical consequences of the presence of multiple mutations in the LDLR gene...
June 8, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643274/an-unexplained-congenital-disorder-of-glycosylation-ii-in-a-child-with-neurohepatic-involvement-hypercholesterolemia-and-hypoceruloplasminemia
#16
Pier Luigi Calvo, Marco Spada, Ivana Rabbone, Michele Pinon, Francesco Porta, Fabio Cisarò, Stefania Reggiani, Angelo B Cefalù, Luisella Sturiale, Domenico Garozzo, Dirk J Lefeber, Jaak Jaeken
We report on a 12-year-old adopted boy with psychomotor disability, absence seizures, and normal brain MRI. He showed increased (but initially, at 5 months, normal) serum cholesterol, increased alkaline phosphatases, transiently increased transaminases and hypoceruloplasminemia with normal serum and urinary copper. Blood levels of immunoglobulins, haptoglobin, antithrombin, and factor XI were normal. A type 2 serum transferrin isoelectrofocusing and hypoglycosylation of apoCIII pointed to a combined N- and O-glycosylation defect...
June 23, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643240/pcsk9-inhibitors-treating-the-right-patients-in-daily-practice
#17
REVIEW
Peta King, Stephen J Nicholls
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Monoclonal antibodies that inhibit proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) have emerged as a novel approach to low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering. The potential role of PCSK9 inhibitors in clinical practice will be reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical trials have demonstrated that PCSK9 inhibitors produce robust LDL-C lowering when administered either as monotherapy or in combination with statins. This provides the opportunity to achieve effective lipid lowering in familial hypercholesterolemia, patients with either established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or high risk primary prevention and an important opportunity to treat patients with statin intolerance...
August 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641871/the-patient-s-comorbidity-burden-correlates-with-the-erectile-dysfunction-severity
#18
E García-Cruz, A Carrión, T Ajami, M Álvarez, M Á Correas, B García, J V García, C González, J A Portillo, J Romero-Otero, C Simón, J Torremadé, F Vigués, A Alcaraz
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential relationship between erectile dysfunction (ED), low testosterone levels, and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study on patients referred to the andrology unit in 7 Spanish centers. The ED was diagnosed and graded using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) score. Total testosterone, the prevalence of each comorbidity, and the CCI were compared between patients with different grades of ED...
June 19, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640873/healthy-aging-of-the-left-ventricle-in-relationship-to-cardiovascular-risk-factors-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#19
Chia-Ying Liu, Shenghan Lai, Nadine Kawel-Boehm, Harjit Chahal, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Joao A C Lima, David A Bluemke
BACKGROUND: Understanding the relationship of cardiovascular structure and function to age is confounded by the high prevalence of traditional risk factors in the United States. The purpose of the study is to compare left ventricular (LV) and aortic structural, and functional parameters in individuals with and without traditional risk factors in a population-based cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: 3015 study participants (48% men, age 55-94, mean 69.01±9.17 years) in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging from 2010-2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640594/biomedical-diagnostics-enabled-by-integrated-organic-and-printed-electronics
#20
Termeh Ahmadraji, Laura Gonzalez-Macia, Tapio Ritvonen, Andreas Willert, Saara Tuurala, Satu Ylimaula, David Donaghy, Mika Suhonen, Dave Smart, Vitaly Efremov, Aoife Morrin, Reinhard R Baumann, Munira Raja, Antti Kemppainen, Anthony J Killard
Organic and printed electronics integration has the potential to revolutionise many technologies, including biomedical diag-nostics. This work demonstrates the successful integration of multiple printed electronic functionalities into a single device capable of the measurement of hydrogen peroxide, and total cholesterol. The single-use device employed printed electrochemical sen-sors for hydrogen peroxide electroreduction integrated with printed electrochromic display and battery. The system was driven by a conventional electronic circuit designed to illustrate the complete integration of silicon ICs via pick and place, or using organic electronic circuits...
June 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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