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basilar migraine

S Karacay Ozkalayci, B Nazliel, H Z Batur Caglayan, C Irkec
Introduction: The present study seeks to use transcranial Doppler ultrasound to evaluate cerebral blood flow velocities in anterior and posterior circulation arteries, during an attack-free episode in migraine patients, with and without aura, as well as in chronic tension-type headache patients who were not receiving prophylactic medication. Methods: A total of 50 patients (35 female, 15 male) were evaluated during a headache-free episode: 30 migraine patients without aura (mean age: 32±8 years), 10 migraine patients with aura (mean age: 34±4 years), and 10 patients with chronic tension-type headache (mean age: 34±5 years)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Cen Zhang, John A Detre, Scott E Kasner, Brett Cucchiara
Objective: The objective of this study is to determine whether structural features of the vertebrobasilar arterial system are related to migraine. Background: Alterations in cerebral vascular structure and function have been associated with migraine, possibly mediated by hypoperfusion and/or endothelial dysfunction triggering cortical spreading depression. Vessel tortuosity, in particular, has been associated with both altered hemodynamics and endothelial function...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Ebru Unal Akoglu, Haldun Akoglu, Tuba Cimilli Ozturk, Bahaeddin Onur, Serkan Emre Eroglu, Ozge Onur, Arzu Denizbasi
INTRODUCTION: Vertigo is classified as peripheral and central. Differentiation of stroke mimics is the most important diagnostic challenge. There is no clinical guidance for the indications of neuroimaging in isolated vertigo patients. The primary aim of this study is to test the diagnostic value of a DWI-MRI protocol to rule-out a central cause in patients with acute isolated vertigo in the ED. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 144 patients who were presented with isolated vertigo to the ED...
April 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Murad Asiltürk, Anas Abdallah
BACKGROUND: The incidence of multiple intracranial aneurysms (MIAs) among patients who are diagnosed with aneurysm is 15-45% in the literature. Treatment options depend on the patient's status, age, aneurysm location and neurosurgeon's experience. In this study outcomes of micro-surgically clipped 90 patients have been evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 90 (49 women and 41 men) patients of MIAs who underwent surgery by the authors, during a 3-year period from 2011 to 2013 were retrospectively reviewed of prospectively collected patients' data...
January 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
I-Ching Chou, Inn-Chi Lee, Syuan-Yu Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Nanna Arngrim, Anders Hougaard, Henrik W Schytz, Mark B Vestergaard, Josefine Britze, Faisal Mohammad Amin, Karsten S Olsen, Henrik Bw Larsson, Jes Olesen, Messoud Ashina
Experimentally induced hypoxia triggers migraine and aura attacks in patients suffering from migraine with aura (MA). We investigated the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal response to visual stimulation during hypoxia in MA patients and healthy volunteers. In a randomized double-blind crossover study design, 15 MA patients were allocated to 180 min of normobaric poikilocapnic hypoxia (capillary oxygen saturation 70-75%) or sham (normoxia) on two separate days and 14 healthy volunteers were exposed to hypoxia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
M Arfan Ikram, Hazel I Zonneveld, Gennady Roshchupkin, Albert V Smith, Oscar H Franco, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Cornelia van Duijn, André G Uitterlinden, Lenore J Launer, Meike W Vernooij, Vilmundur Gudnason, Hieab Hh Adams
Cerebral blood flow is an important process for brain functioning and its dysregulation is implicated in multiple neurological disorders. While environmental risk factors have been identified, it remains unclear to what extent the flow is regulated by genetics. Here we performed heritability and genome-wide association analyses of cerebral blood flow in a population-based cohort study. We included 4472 persons free of cortical infarcts who underwent genotyping and phase-contrast magnetic resonance flow imaging (mean age 64...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Anna Ambrosini, Mara D'Onofrio, Maria Gabriella Buzzi, Ivan Arisi, Gaetano S Grieco, Francesco Pierelli, Filippo M Santorelli, Jean Schoenen
OBJECTIVE: To search for differences in prevalence of a CACNA1E variant between migraine without aura, various phenotypes of migraine with aura, and healthy controls. BACKGROUND: Familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 (FHM1) is associated with mutations in the CACNA1A gene coding for the alpha 1A (Cav 2.1) pore-forming subunit of P/Q voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels. These mutations are not found in the common forms of migraine with or without aura. The alpha 1E subunit (Cav 2...
July 2017: Headache
Hyun Ah Choi, Mi Ji Lee, Chin-Sang Chung
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate cerebral endothelial dysfunction in patients with reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS). METHODS: We prospectively recruited patients with RCVS, age-matched controls with episodic migraine, and age-matched healthy controls at Samsung Medical Center from Apr 2015 to Jul 2016. All participants underwent transcranial Doppler evaluation, with a breath-holding maneuver, for the evaluation of bilateral middle cerebral arteries (MCAs), posterior cerebral arteries (PCAs), and the basilar artery (BA)...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
Fraser C Henderson, Claudiu Austin, Edward Benzel, Paolo Bolognese, Richard Ellenbogen, Clair A Francomano, Candace Ireton, Petra Klinge, Myles Koby, Donlin Long, Sunil Patel, Eric L Singman, Nicol C Voermans
The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders characterized by joint hypermobility, skin extensibility, and tissue fragility. This communication briefly reports upon the neurological manifestations that arise including the weakness of the ligaments of the craniocervical junction and spine, early disc degeneration, and the weakness of the epineurium and perineurium surrounding peripheral nerves. Entrapment, deformation, and biophysical deformative stresses exerted upon the nervous system may alter gene expression, neuronal function and phenotypic expression...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
Louise Dunphy, Prashanth Shetty, Rabinder Randhawa, Kharil Amir Rani, Yaw Duodu
A 39-year-old man, born in India but resident in the UK for 10 years, was travelling in America when he became feverish with an altered mentation. He reported a 10-day history of fever, photophobia, headache and fatigue. His medical history included hypothyroidism and migraine. He was a non-smoker, did not consume alcohol and denied a history of drug use. He was transferred to the emergency department. Laboratory investigations confirmed hyponatraemia (sodium 128 mmol/L). A chest radiograph confirmed no focal consolidation...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Mi Ji Lee, Min Kyung Chu, Hanna Choi, Hyun Ah Choi, Chungbin Lee, Chin-Sang Chung
Objective To assess longitudinal changes in cerebral blood flow velocities (ΔCBFVs) according to the clinical course of migraine. Methods We retrospectively included migraine patients with two or more attacks per month at baseline who were followed up within 2 years with transcranial Doppler in a tertiary headache clinic. ΔCBFVs were analyzed in relation to clinical courses, defined as remission (0-1 headache days/month), persistence (2-14/month), or progression (≥15/month) in episodic migraine (EM), and conversion to EM (<15/month) and persistence (≥15/month) in chronic migraine (CM)...
September 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Paul G Mathew, Regina Krel, Bhuvin Buddhdev, Hossein Ansari, Shivang G Joshi, Warren D Spinner, Brad C Klein
BACKGROUND: Patients with basilar migraine (BM) and hemiplegic migraine (HM) have been excluded from triptan and DHE clinical trials due to a potential risk of ischemic vascular events, and the FDA mandates that package labeling state that they are contraindicated in BM and HM. The objective of this study was to demonstrate that triptans and DHE can be used for the abortive treatment of BM and HM without significant adverse ischemic vascular events. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients with BM features or HM who received acute abortive treatment with either triptans or DHE was conducted at 4 headache centers to assess the frequency of ischemic vascular events after administration...
April 8, 2016: Headache
Badr E Mostafa, Ayman O El Kahky, Hisham M Abdel Kader, Michael Rizk
Introduction Vertigo can be due to a variety of central and peripheral causes. The relative incidence of central causes is underestimated. This may have an important impact of the patients' management and prognosis. Objective The objective of this work is to determine the incidence of central vestibular disorders in patients presenting to a vestibular unit in a tertiary referral academic center. It also aims at determining the best strategy to increase the diagnostic yield of the patients' visit. Methods This is a prospective observational study on 100 consecutive patients with symptoms suggestive of vestibular dysfunction...
July 2014: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
N L Kunel'skaia, M V Tardov, E V Baĭbakova, M A Chugunova, Z O Zaoeva
The objective of the present study was to improve diagnostics of basilar type migraine (BTM) based on the results of neurological, vestibulometric, and audiological studies of 11 patients. Peculiarities of the clinical picture of this disease and the medical histories of these patients are described. The pathogenetic role of labyrinthine hydrops and the difficulties encountered in diagnostics of Meniere's disease are discussed.
2014: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Aimee F Luat, Deepak Kamat, Lalitha Sivaswamy
There are a wide variety of paroxysmal nonepileptic events (PNEEs) in children that can mimic seizures. The type of PNEEs that need to be considered in the differential diagnosis depends on the age of symptom onset and the clinical features. In infants and toddlers, conditions that are relatively common in clinical practice such as apnea, jitteriness, shuddering attacks, and breath-holding spells may not present much of a diagnostic conundrum, whereas unusual conditions such as hyperekplexia may cause concern...
February 2015: Pediatric Annals
Roopa Rajan, Dheeraj Khurana, Vivek Lal
BACKGROUND: Although systemic endothelial function is unimpaired in migraine, it is unknown whether cerebral endothelial function impairment exists in migraineurs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study to assess endothelial function in migraineurs (n=45) and healthy volunteers (n=44). Cerebral endothelial function was assessed by Breath Holding Index (BHI) on transcranial Doppler in bilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA at 30-60 mm), posterior cerebral artery (PCA at 60-80 mm) and basilar artery (BA at 80-120 mm) using bilateral monitoring probes fixed on headband...
November 2015: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Dana Li, Anne F Christensen, Jes Olesen
INTRODUCTION: In 2013 the International Headache Society published the third International Classification of Headache Disorders beta-version, ICHD-3 beta. Its structure is identical to that of the present proposed version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), although slightly abbreviated to fulfill the needs of ICD-11. In the following, only ICHD-3 beta is mentioned, but findings regarding the validity of ICHD-3 beta categories are equally relevant to the forthcoming ICD-11...
August 2015: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Elizabeth Loehrer, Meike W Vernooij, Aad van der Lugt, Albert Hofman, M Arfan Ikram
INTRODUCTION: Observations that migraine increases risk of cardiovascular disease and ischemic brain changes may suggest sustained vascular differences between migraineurs and controls. In a population-based setting, we compared cerebral blood flow between migraineurs in the attack-free period and controls. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2008, 2642 participants, aged 45-65, from the Rotterdam Study completed a migraine questionnaire and had complete usable MRI data. Participants were classified into controls (N = 2033), probable migraine (N = 153), or migraine (N = 456)...
February 2015: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Jay G Capone, Valentina Simioni, Maria R Tola
We report a case of midbrain malformation characterized by right deviation of the medulla oblongata associated with elongation and ectasia of the basilar and left vertebral arteries in a patient with a long history of migraine-like headache with autonomic symptoms.
May 2014: Headache
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