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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642212/filtering-entities-to-optimize-identification-of-adverse-drug-reaction-from-social-media-how-can-the-number-of-words-between-entities-in-the-messages-help
#1
Redhouane Abdellaoui, Stéphane Schück, Nathalie Texier, Anita Burgun
BACKGROUND: With the increasing popularity of Web 2.0 applications, social media has made it possible for individuals to post messages on adverse drug reactions. In such online conversations, patients discuss their symptoms, medical history, and diseases. These disorders may correspond to adverse drug reactions (ADRs) or any other medical condition. Therefore, methods must be developed to distinguish between false positives and true ADR declarations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate a method for filtering out disorder terms that did not correspond to adverse events by using the distance (as number of words) between the drug term and the disorder or symptom term in the post...
June 22, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635121/exposure-to-sodium-valproate-during-pregnancy-facial-features-and-signs-of-autism
#2
Rachel Stadelmaier, Hanah Nasri, Curtis K Deutsch, Margaret Bauman, Anne Hunt, Christopher J Stodgell, Jane Adams, Lewis B Holmes
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA) is the most teratogenic anticonvulsant drug in clinical use today. Children exposed prenatally to VPA have previously been shown to have dysmorphic craniofacial features, identified subjectively but not by anthropometric methods. Exposure to VPA has also been associated with an increased frequency of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). An increased cephalic index (the ratio of the cranial lateral width to the cranial anterior-posterior length) has been observed in children with ASD...
June 21, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631171/qualitative-assessment-of-vaccination-hesitancy-among-members-of-the-apostolic-church-of-zimbabwe-a-case-study
#3
Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627917/functional-intimacy-needing-but-not-wanting-the-touch-of-a-stranger
#4
Juliana Schroeder, Ayelet Fishbach, Chelsea Schein, Kurt Gray
Intimacy is often motivated by love, but sometimes it is merely functional. For example, disrobing and being touched at an airport security check serves the goal of catching a flight, not building a relationship. We propose that this functional intimacy induces discomfort, making people prefer greater social distance from their interaction partner. Supporting this prediction, participants who considered (Experiments 1 and 2) or experienced (Experiment 3) more physically intimate medical procedures preferred a health provider who is less social...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627902/responses-to-dominance-challenge-are-a-function-of-psychopathy-level-a-multimethod-study
#5
Jill Lobbestael, Arnoud Arntz, Marisol Voncken, Michael Potegal
This study assesses the relationship between psychopathy and dominance, both as a trait level and in 2 interpersonal contexts. Following the interpersonal circumplex model, we expected that interacting with a dominant interviewer would reduce dominance displays by low psychopathy participants (interpersonal complementarity) but might increase such displays in those with higher psychopathy (anticomplementarity). Psychopathic traits and dominance were assessed in a community sample (N = 91) using multiple dominance indicators: self-reported overall dominance level, job preference, dominance displays observed during identical interviews with a subordinate and dominant interviewer, and baseline and postinterview measures of personal space and testosterone level...
June 19, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622023/ending-as-intended-the-educational-effects-of-an-epilogue-to-a-tv-show-episode-about-bipolar-disorder
#6
Elizabeth L Cohen, David Alward, Danielle Zajicek, Sarah Edwards, Ryan Hutson
Entertainment persuasion theory was applied to investigate how an epilogue to a dramatic episode with an educational subtext about bipolar disorder affected viewer processing and response. In an experiment, viewers (N = 89) were randomly assigned to watch the episode either with or without an epilogue. Exposure to the epilogue increased recognition of the subtext. It also increased counterarguing against the subtext, but only among viewers less involved with the episode's story. The epilogue decreased social distance for people with bipolar disorder and decreased their belief that bipolar disorder is not treatable...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616413/the-condition-of-interdisciplinary-communication-among-various-educational-and-research-departments-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#7
Elaheh Mazaheri, Ehsan Geraei, Firoozeh Zare-Farashbandi, Ahmad Papi
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to assess interdisciplinary communication among various Educational and Research Departments of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) in clinical medical sciences using social network analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out using scientometrics method and interdisciplinary communication network analysis. Interdisciplinary network of 1298 articles in medical sciences published in Journal of Isfahan Medical School was evaluated using macro- and micro-level criteria of network analysis...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616166/gregariousness-does-not-vary-with-geography-developmental-stage-or-group-relatedness-in-feeding-redheaded-pine-sawfly-larvae
#8
John W Terbot, Ryan L Gaynor, Catherine R Linnen
Aggregations are widespread across the animal kingdom, yet the underlying proximate and ultimate causes are still largely unknown. An ideal system to investigate this simple, social behavior is the pine sawfly genus Neodiprion, which is experimentally tractable and exhibits interspecific variation in larval gregariousness. To assess intraspecific variation in this trait, we characterized aggregative tendency within a single widespread species, the redheaded pine sawfly (N. lecontei). To do so, we developed a quantitative assay in which we measured interindividual distances over a 90-min video...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615760/use-of-mobile-phone-technology-to-improve-follow-up-at-a-community-mental-health-clinic-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Gaurav Singh, Narayana Manjunatha, Sabina Rao, H N Shashidhara, Sydney Moirangthem, Rajendra K Madegowda, B Binukumar, Mathew Varghese
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone technology is being used worldwide to improve follow-ups in health care. AIM: Aim of the study is to evaluate whether the use of mobile technology will improve or not the follow-up of Indian patients from a community mental health center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients or caregivers having mobile phones and consenting for study were enrolled, and sociodemographic and clinical details of patients were taken. Participants were randomized into two groups (short message service [SMS] vs...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611015/too-far-to-care-measuring-public-attention-and-fear-for-ebola-using-twitter
#10
Liza Gg van Lent, Hande Sungur, Florian A Kunneman, Bob van de Velde, Enny Das
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the world was startled by a sudden outbreak of Ebola. Although Ebola infections and deaths occurred almost exclusively in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia, few potential Western cases, in particular, caused a great stir among the public in Western countries. OBJECTIVE: This study builds on the construal level theory to examine the relationship between psychological distance to an epidemic and public attention and sentiment expressed on Twitter...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606118/neighborhood-educational-disparities-in-active-commuting-among-women-the-effect-of-distance-between-the-place-of-residence-and-the-place-of-work-study-an-acti-cit%C3%A3-s-study
#11
Camille Perchoux, Julie-Anne Nazare, Tarik Benmarhnia, Paul Salze, Thierry Feuillet, Serge Hercberg, Franck Hess, Mehdi Menai, Christiane Weber, Hélène Charreire, Christophe Enaux, Jean-Michel Oppert, Chantal Simon
BACKGROUND: Active transportation has been associated with favorable health outcomes. Previous research highlighted the influence of neighborhood educational level on active transportation. However, little is known regarding the effect of commuting distance on social disparities in active commuting. In this regard, women have been poorly studied. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the relationship between neighborhood educational level and active commuting, and to assess whether the commuting distance modifies this relationship in adult women...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604224/arts-based-palliative-care-training-education-and-staff-development-a-scoping-review
#12
Benjamin Mark Turton, Sion Williams, Christopher R Burton, Lynne Williams
BACKGROUND: The experience of art offers an emerging field in healthcare staff development, much of which is appropriate to the practice of palliative care. The workings of aesthetic learning interventions such as interactive theatre in relation to palliative and end-of-life care staff development programmes are widely uncharted. AIM: To investigate the use of aesthetic learning interventions used in palliative and end-of-life care staff development programmes. DESIGN: Scoping review...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602852/repeated-ethanol-exposure-alters-social-behavior-and-oxidative-stress-parameters-of-zebrafish
#13
Talise Ellwanger Müller, Stenio Zimermann Nunes, Ariane Silveira, Vania Lucia Loro, Denis Broock Rosemberg
Repeated ethanol (EtOH) consumption induces neurological disorders in humans and is considered an important public health problem. The physiological effects of EtOH are dose- and time-dependent, causing relevant changes in the social behavior. In addition, alcohol-induced oxidative stress has been proposed as a key mechanism involved in EtOH neurotoxicity. Here we investigate for the first time whether repeated EtOH exposure (REE) alters the social behavior of zebrafish and influences brain oxidation processes...
June 7, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602748/effects-of-physical-exercise-and-social-isolation-on-anxiety-related-behaviors-in-two-inbred-rat-strains
#14
F G Mazur, L F G Oliveira, M P Cunha, A L S Rodrigues, R A N Pértile, L F Vendruscolo, G S Izídio
We investigated the effects of physical exercise (PE) on locomotor activity and anxiety-like behavior in Lewis (LEW) and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR) male rats. Rats received either four weeks of forced training, 5days/week, on a treadmill (experiment 1) or were given 21days of free access to running wheels (experiment 2). We also tested the effects of social isolation (SI) (seven days of isolation - experiment 3) on behavior. In experiment 1, 20% of LEW rats and 63% of SHR rats completed the training protocol...
June 8, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601034/a-sequential-model-to-link-contextual-risk-perception-and-public-support-for-flood-adaptation-policy
#15
Wanyun Shao, Siyuan Xian, Ning Lin, Mitchell J Small
The economic damage from coastal flooding has dramatically increased over the past several decades, owing to rapid development in shoreline areas and possible effects of climate change. To respond to these trends, it is imperative for policy makers to understand individuals' support for flood adaptation policy. Using original survey data for all coastal counties of the United States Gulf Coast merged with contextual data on flood risk, this study investigates coastal residents' support for two adaptation policy measures: incentives for relocation and funding for educational programs on emergency planning and evacuation...
June 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599955/inequities-in-visual-health-and-health-services-use-in-a-rural-region-in-spain
#16
Sergio Latorre-Arteaga, José Fernández-Sáez, Diana Gil-González
OBJECTIVE: To analyse perceived visual health and health services use in a rural population in relation to socioeconomic characteristics and compared with the general population in Spain. METHOD: Cross-sectional study in a rural population using a structured questionnaire including questions comparable to the Spanish National Health Survey (2012). A descriptive analysis was carried out through the calculation of frequencies and prevalence, the χ(2) test for independent variables, contrasts of proportions and logistic regression to obtain associations between the rural and general populations and socioeconomic variables...
June 6, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599000/modeling-the-live-pig-trade-network-in-georgia-implications-for-disease-prevention-and-control
#17
Esther Andrea Kukielka, Beatriz Martínez-López, Daniel Beltrán-Alcrudo
Live pig trade patterns, drivers and characteristics, particularly in backyard predominant systems, remain largely unexplored despite their important contribution to the spread of infectious diseases in the swine industry. A better understanding of the pig trade dynamics can inform the implementation of risk-based and more cost-effective prevention and control programs for swine diseases. In this study, a semi-structured questionnaire elaborated by FAO and implemented to 487 farmers was used to collect data regarding basic characteristics about pig demographics and live-pig trade among villages in the country of Georgia, where very scarce information is available...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591669/bupropion-induces-social-anxiety-in-adolescent-mice-influence-of-housing-conditions
#18
Carmen Gómez, Rosa Redolat, Carmen Carrasco
BACKGROUND: The antidepressant bupropion has received increasing attention as a pharmacological tool to treat addiction although little is known about its effects on social behaviour in adolescents. The present study aimed to evaluate if environmental housing conditions influence bupropion's actions on social behaviour of adolescent mice. METHODS: Mice were either group- or individually housed for 2-weeks and then randomly divided into 2 cohorts: half of the mice remained in the initial housing condition and the other half were changed to isolated conditions for further 2-weeks...
March 22, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591136/breeding-chronology-and-social-interactions-affect-ungulate-foraging-behavior-at-a-concentrated-food-resource
#19
David B Stone, Michael J Cherry, James A Martin, Bradley S Cohen, Karl V Miller
Prey species must balance predator avoidance behavior with other essential activities including foraging, breeding, and social interactions. Anti-predator behaviors such as vigilance can impede resource acquisition rates by altering foraging behavior. However, in addition to predation risk, foraging behavior may also be affected by socio-sexual factors including breeding chronology and social interactions. Therefore, we investigated how time-of-day, distance-to-forest, group size, social interactions (presence of different sex-age class), and breeding chronology (pre-breeding, breeding, post-breeding seasons) affected probability of feeding (hereafter: feeding) for different sex and age-classes (mature males, immature males, adult females, and juveniles) of white-tailed deer at feed sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586249/friends-don-t-let-friends-smoke-how-storytelling-and-social-distance-influence-nonsmokers-responses-to-antismoking-messages
#20
Zexin Ma, Xiaoli Nan
This study examines nonsmokers' responses to antismoking messages. Informed by construal-level theory (CLT), it investigates whether and how evidence type (narrative vs. non-narrative) and social distance might interact to influence nonsmokers' attitudes toward others' quitting smoking and intentions to persuade others to quit smoking. Results of a controlled experiment (N = 281) revealed an approximately significant two-way interaction pertaining to attitudes. Simple effects analyses revealed that narratives produced less-favorable attitudes toward others' quitting smoking than nonnarratives when participants thought about their best friend...
June 6, 2017: Health Communication
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