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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778294/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-national-analysis-based-on-world-mental-health-surveys
#1
Jordi Alonso, Sukanta Saha, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Evelyn J Bromet, Louisa Degenhardt, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oluyomi Esan, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep M Haro, Chiyi Hu, Elie G Karam, Georges Karam, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Sing Lee, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Jose Posada-Villa, Nancy A Sampson, Kate M Scott, Juan Carlos Stagnaro, Margreet Ten Have, Maria Carmen Viana, Ronald C Kessler, John J McGrath
Psychotic experiences (PEs) are associated with a range of mental and physical disorders, and disability, but little is known about the association between PEs and aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to investigate the association between PEs and five HRQoL indicators with various adjustments. Using data from the WHO World Mental Health surveys (n = 33,370 adult respondents from 19 countries), we assessed for PEs and five HRQoL indicators (self-rated physical or mental health, perceived level of stigma (embarrassment and discrimination), and social network burden)...
May 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777645/-childbirth-is-not-a-sickness-a-woman-should-struggle-to-give-birth-exploring-continuing-popularity-of-home-births-in-western-kenya
#2
Violet Naanyu, Joyce Baliddawa, Beatrice Koech, Julie Karfakis, Nancy Nyagoha
More than 95% of Kenyan women receive antenatal care (ANC) and only 62% access skilled delivery. To explore women's opinion on delivery location, 20 focus group discussions were conducted at an urban and rural setting in western Kenya. Participants included health care workers, traditional birth attendants (TBAs), and women who attended at least four ANC visits and delivered. Six in-depth interviews were also conducted with a combination of women who gave birth in a facility and at home. Discussions were digitally recorded and transcribed for analysis...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777331/sexual-expression-and-it-s-determinants-in-people-diagnosed-with-psychotic-disorders
#3
José de Jager, Roos van Greevenbroek, Annet Nugter, Jim van Os
This qualitative study aims to explore the difficulties people with a psychotic disorder have in sexual expression, and associated determinants. Twenty-eight semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed using the Grounded Theory method. Almost all participants experienced unfulfilled needs in sexual expression. These unfulfilled needs were associated with a range of factors, including antipsychotic medication, psychotic symptoms, sexual abuse, social skills and stigma, all of which may converge on a pathway involving (sexual) self-esteem...
May 18, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776898/implementing-internet-based-self-care-programs-in-primary-care-qualitative-analysis-of-determinants-of-practice-for-patients-and-providers
#4
Eric Hermes, Laura Burrone, Elliottnell Perez, Steve Martino, Michael Rowe
BACKGROUND: Access to evidence-based interventions for common mental health conditions is limited due to geographic distance, scheduling, stigma, and provider availability. Internet-based self-care programs may mitigate these barriers. However, little is known about internet-based self-care program implementation in US health care systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify determinants of practice for internet-based self-care program use in primary care by eliciting provider and administrator perspectives on internet-based self-care program implementation...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770101/resources-to-address-stigma-related-to-sexuality-substance-use-and-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#5
R MacLean
Background: Stigma is widely recognized as a significant barrier to the prevention, management and treatment of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in Canada. Despite major advances in STBBI prevention and treatment, and global efforts to reduce stigma, people living with or affected by STBBIs continue to experience stigma within health and social service settings in Canada. Objective: To describe the development, content and evaluation of knowledge translation resources and training workshops designed to equip health and social service professionals with the knowledge and skills needed to provide more respectful and inclusive sexual health, harm reduction and STBBI services...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768608/perception-of-body-and-corporeality-in-men-practicing-male-prostitution-in-guadalajara-mexico
#6
Giovane Mendieta-Izquierdo
OBJECTIVE: To interpret the perception of the body and corporeality in a group of men practicing male prostitution in the center of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. METHOD: An interpretive phenomenological study from the perspective of Heidegger; the perception of the body is taken as a category of analysis based on 20 in-depth interviews with 13 males practicing prostitution. RESULTS: The interpretation of the body and corporeality in men who practice male prostitution centers on the following categories: a) the dirty body, stigma, b) body-seeking opportunities, c) the body and corporeality, appealing to customers, d) the initial contact and body language, and e) the value assigned to the body, the rate...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#7
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764715/the-state-of-adherence-to-hiv-care-in-black-women
#8
Crystal Chapman Lambert, Michael J Mugavero, Yaseen S Najjar, Comfort Enah, Barbara J Guthrie
The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the state of adherence to HIV care such as HIV medication and appointment adherence among Black women in the United States. After a systematic search of CINAHL, PubMed, EMBASE, and clinicialtrials.gov, 26 studies and two ongoing trials met inclusion criteria. Psychosocial factors such as intersectional stigmas and depression were among the salient factors associated with adherence-to-care behaviors in women living with HIV (WLWH). In addition, interpersonal factors such as social support and the patient-provider relationship were frequently associated with adherence-to-care behaviors...
February 21, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764342/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-employment-for-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities-in-africa-a-scoping-review
#9
I D Ebuenyi, E V Syurina, J F G Bunders, B J Regeer
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of inclusive employment, described in Goal 8 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa is lower than among the general population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this scoping review is to explore evidence related to the barriers to and facilitators of employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using six relevant electronic databases of articles published between 1990 and 2017...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764247/survey-and-analysis-for-impact-factors-of-psychological-distress-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-who-continue-pregnancy
#10
Shouxue Qin, Yanping Tan, Bingyan Lu, Yuqing Cheng, Yanli Nong
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the psychological distress of HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy, and analyze the possible influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 194 HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy were enrolled for this study by a convenient sampling method during June 2012-August 2016. Participants completed questionnaires including Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Berger HIV Stigma Scale (BHSS), Distress Thermometer (DT) and Problem List (PL), and to determine the cut-off value of DT in the group...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764104/the-response-to-and-impact-of-the-ebola-epidemic-towards-an-agenda-for-interdisciplinary-research
#11
Michael Calnan, Erica W Gadsby, Mandy Kader Kondé, Abdourahime Diallo, Jeremy S Rossman
BACKGROUND: The 2013-2016 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa was the largest in history and resulted in a huge public health burden and significant social and economic impact in those countries most affected. Its size, duration and geographical spread presents important opportunities for research than might help national and global health and social care systems to better prepare for and respond to future outbreaks. This paper examines research needs and research priorities from the perspective of those who directly experienced the EVD epidemic in Guinea...
September 3, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758576/-mental-health-stigma-an-influencing-factor-in-healthcare-utilization-by-veterans-of-the-german-armed-forces
#12
Katrin Schuy, Loni M Brants, Simone Dors, Andreas Ströhle, Peter Lutz Zimmermann, Gerd Dieter Willmund, Heinrich Rau, Stefan Siegel
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY:  Mental illness stigma is a barrier to healthcare utilization. This study is the first to research the connection between mental illness stigma and the use of healthcare by veterans of the German Armed Forces. An overview of perceived stigma components in this sample is provided that should help understand how these factors influence healthcare utilization. METHODS:  43 interviews with veterans of the German Armed Forces were conducted...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755933/increasing-overweight-and-obesity-erodes-engagement-in-one-s-neighborhood-by-women-but-not-men
#13
Roseanne C Schuster, Seung Yong Han, Alexandra A Brewis, Amber Wutich
Obesity is socially stigmatized in the U.S., especially for women. Significant research has focused on the role that the social and built environments of neighborhoods play in shaping obesity. However, the role of obesity in shaping neighborhood social structure has been largely overlooked. We test the hypothesis that large body size inhibits an individual's engagement in his or her neighborhood. Our study objectives are to assess if (1) body size (body mass index) interacts with gender to predict engagement in one's neighborhood (neighborhood engagement) and (2) if bonding social capital interacts with gender to predict neighborhood engagement independent of body size...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755146/stigma-consciousness-modulates-cortisol-reactivity-to-social-stress-in-women
#14
David Matthew Doyle, Lisa Molix
The aim of the current study was to examine whether stigma consciousness shapes cortisol responses to social stress among women in the lab. Undergraduate women ( N = 45) completed background measures and then participated in a public speaking task, with assessments of cortisol prior to the stressor as well as 20- and 40-minutes post stressor onset. Results from multilevel models revealed that women higher in stigma consciousness evidenced blunted cortisol reactivity following social stress across the study session compared to women lower in stigma consciousness...
March 2018: European Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754709/evaluation-of-the-stigma-towards-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia-using-a-knowledge-scale
#15
Pamela Grandón, Alexis Vielma Aguilera, Claudio Bustos, Elvis Castro Alzate, Sandra Saldivia
INTRODUCTION: Social stigma is the assigning of negative stereotypes to people with schizophrenia. Different measurement tools have been used to evaluate this, including knowledge scales. The aim of this study was to evaluate the public stigma by measuring this knowledge and relate the degree of information with variables that have shown to influence on stigma presented by the affected population. METHODS: The sample was composed of 399 people and the inclusion criterion was being between 18 and 65 years of age...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753137/perceptions-of-intersectional-stigma-among-diverse-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states
#16
Whitney S Rice, Carmen H Logie, Tessa M Napoles, Melonie Walcott, Abigail W Batchelder, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Gina M Wingood, Deborah J Konkle-Parker, Bulent Turan, Tracey E Wilson, Mallory O Johnson, Sheri D Weiser, Janet M Turan
Attitudes and behavior that devalue individuals based upon their HIV status (HIV-related stigma) are barriers to HIV prevention, treatment, and wellbeing among women living with HIV. Other coexisting forms of stigma (e.g., racism, sexism) may worsen the effects of HIV-related stigma, and may contribute to persistent racial and gendered disparities in HIV prevention and treatment. Few studies examine perceptions of intersectional stigma among women living with HIV. From June to December 2015, we conducted 76 qualitative interviews with diverse women living with HIV from varied socioeconomic backgrounds enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) in Birmingham, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Atlanta, Georgia; and San Francisco, California...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751752/a-community-based-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-and-understandings-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-vulnerability-from-the-perspectives-of-female-sex-workers-and-male-intimate-partners-in-north-karnataka-state-india
#17
Andrea K Blanchard, Sapna G Nair, Sharon G Bruce, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Raghavendra Thalinja, Srikanta Murthy, Prakash Javalkar, Priya Pillai, Martine Collumbien, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac, Parinita Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Research has increasingly documented the important role that violence by clients and the police play in exacerbating HIV vulnerability for women in sex work. However few studies have examined violence in the intimate relationships of women in sex work, or drawn on community partnerships to explore the social dynamics involved. A community-based participatory research study was undertaken by community and academic partners leading intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV prevention programs in Bagalkot district, Karnataka state, India...
May 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750175/towards-90-90-90-target-factors-influencing-availability-access-and-utilization-of-hiv-services-a-qualitative-study-in-19-ugandan-districts
#18
Francis Bajunirwe, Flora Tumwebaze, Denis Akakimpa, Cissy Kityo, Peter Mugyenyi, George Abongomera
Background: UNAIDS has set a new target 90-90-90 by 2020. To achieve this target, current programs need to address challenges that limit access, availability, and utilization of HIV testing and treatment services. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the barriers that influence access, availability, and utilization of HIV services in rural Uganda within the setting of a large donor funded program. Methods: We conducted key informant interviews with stakeholders at the district level, staff of existing HIV/AIDS projects, and health facilities in 19 districts...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749105/experience-and-the-meaning-of-stigma-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-and-their-families-a-qualitative-study
#19
Fatemeh Rezayat, Eesa Mohammadi, Masoud Fallahi-Khoshknab, Vandad Sharifi
AIM: This study aimed to explore the experiences of stigma in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and their families. METHODS: This qualitative content analysis study was carried out in 2016-2017 in a psychiatric hospital in Tehran, Iran. A total of 16 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and their families were chosen purposefully. In order to collect the data, unstructured interviews were conducted. For the data analysis, an inductive content analysis approach was used...
May 10, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747563/psychological-distress-in-remote-mining-and-construction-workers-in-australia
#20
Jennifer Bowers, Johnny Lo, Peta Miller, Daveena Mawren, Brooklyn Jones
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress in a sample of remote mining and construction workers in Australia. Design, setting: A cross-sectional, anonymous Wellbeing and Lifestyle Survey at ten mining sites in South Australia and Western Australia, administered at meetings held during 2013-2015. PARTICIPANTS: 1124 employees at remote construction, and open cut and underground mining sites completed the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: General psychological distress (Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, K10) and self-reported overall mental health status; work, lifestyle and family factors correlated with level of psychological distress...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
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