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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813243/arts-participation-counterbalancing-forces-to-the-social-stigma-of-a-dementia-diagnosis
#1
Beth Bienvenu, Gay Hanna
A diagnosis of dementia profoundly impacts a person in terms of both the functional progression of the disease and the social stigma associated with the diagnosis. A growing body of research demonstrates the effectiveness of innovative programs such as the Alzheimer's Poetry Project, Meet Me at MoMA, and TimeSlips™ in counterbalancing social stigma by building a social and emotional framework for strength-based living for people diagnosed with dementia through arts participation. These programs focus on supporting autonomy and generativity through creative expression to help sustain the social, emotional, and community fabric of people's lives in the face of significant counterbalancing forces (e...
July 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812447/the-role-of-the-family-in-hiv-status-disclosure-amongst-women-in-vietnam-familial-dependence-and-independence
#2
D T H Dinh, J L White, M Hipwell, T K C Nguyen, A Pharris
Insights into disclosure by PLWHA can inform strategies for treatment and support, yet Vietnamese women's self-disclosure patterns are poorly understood. We conducted interviews with 12 HIV-positive women, identifying three principal factors influencing disclosure to family members: patrilocal residence, desire to protect own family, and the need for financial support. Women's decision-making about disclosure was significantly affected by dependence on or independence of parents-in-law and their own parents...
August 16, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812445/-half-a-woman-half-a-man-that-is-how-they-make-me-feel-a-qualitative-study-of-rural-jordanian-women-s-experience-of-infertility
#3
Mayada A Daibes, Reema R Safadi, Tarek Athamneh, Iman F Anees, Rose E Constantino
Infertility is a health problem encompassing physical, psychological and social consequences that may threaten women's quality of life. Few studies have been conducted in Jordan examining rural women's experiences of infertility. This study aimed to explore responses to infertility and its consequences in the Jordanian rural sociocultural context. Using a descriptive qualitative design, data were collected between April and September 2016 from a fertility clinic in a military hospital in Northern Jordan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 purposively selected Jordanian women...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811835/mental-health-care-providers-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-suicide-prevention-amongst-people-with-substance-use-disorders-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#4
Daniel Goldstone, Jason Bantjes
BACKGROUND: Substance use is a well-established, and potentially modifiable, risk factor for suicide. Suicide prevention interventions are typically framed within the biomedical paradigm and focus on addressing individual risk factors, improving access to psychiatric care, and improving the skills of medical personnel to recognise at-risk individuals. Few studies have focused on contextual factors that hinder suicide prevention in people with substance use disorders, particularly in low-resource settings...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810499/the-relationship-between-negative-responses-to-hiv-status-disclosure-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-people-living-with-hiv
#5
Elena Cama, Loren Brener, Sean Slavin, John de Wit
This report examines rates of HIV status disclosure and negative responses to disclosure among people living with HIV in Australia. Among 697 people living with HIV, most (>90%) had disclosed their status to friends, sexual partners and health providers. Almost a third had not disclosed to family, and half had not told any work colleagues. Negative responses to disclosure (e.g. blame, rejection) by all groups were associated with increased HIV-related stigma, psychological distress and diminished social support and health satisfaction...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810476/experiences-of-stigma-over-the-lifetime-of-people-with-xeroderma-pigmentosum-a-qualitative-interview-study-in-the-united-kingdom
#6
Rebecca Anderson, Jessica Walburn, Myfanwy Morgan
This study explored experiences of stigma in 25 adults with xeroderma pigmentosum. Analysis of semi-structured interviews revealed the changing nature of stigma over the lifetime. Bullying occurred in childhood, whereas adults were questioned about both their photoprotection and skin damage, often resulting in internalised feelings of stigma. Resilience and rejection of feelings of stigma increased with age and experiences of stigma differed across cultures. Findings indicate a need to develop social skills training to help people reject feelings of stigma...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808830/social-workers-perceptions-of-the-association-between-role-playing-games-and-psychopathology
#7
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Eric Lis, Agata Błachnio, Lia Ring, Osnat Lavenda, Michal Mahat-Shamir
Whereas role-playing and table-top role-play games (RPGs) have been proven to have potential as therapeutic tools, playing RPGs is often stereotypically associated with social incompetence and psychiatric disorders. Knowledge regarding the stereotype and its implications is very scarce specifically among mental health practitioners. Therefore the present study aimed to narrow this gap in knowledge by examining the perception of Social Workers that are considered to be the forefront of mental health-care, in regard to the association between playing RPGs and mental health...
August 15, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807890/vulnerable-youth-as-prosumers-in-hiv-prevention-studies-using-participatory-action-research
#8
Cath Conn, Shoba Nayar, Dinar Lubis, Carol Maibvisira, Kristel Modderman
BACKGROUND: Stigma, voicelessness, and legislative and rights barriers, coupled with top-down decision making, are the common experiences of vulnerable youth populations that limit their opportunities to participate in vital health promotion efforts such as HIV prevention. OBJECTIVE: To consider new opportunities arising from a digital society for youth to creatively shape HIV prevention. METHODS: Drawing on research with vulnerable youth in Busoga, Uganda; Bulawayo, Zimbabwe; Bangkok, Thailand; and Bali, Indonesia, we explore current youth participation, in theory and practice, while considering new opportunities arising from a digital society for youth to creatively shape HIV prevention...
August 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805154/mental-health-literacy-stigma-and-perception-of-causation-of-mental-illness-among-chinese-people-in-taiwan
#9
Xiao Yu Zhuang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Chi-Wei Cheng, Shu-Man Pan
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been performed to explore mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes towards mental illness and their relationships with causal beliefs about mental illness among Chinese people in Taiwan. AIMS: Using a comparative approach, this study attempted to compare the mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes of Taiwanese Chinese with those found among Australian and Japanese participants in other studies and to explore how mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes relate to different perceptions of causes of mental illness...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803131/do-continuum-beliefs-reduce-schizophrenia-stigma-effects-of-a-laboratory-intervention-on-behavioral-and-self-reported-stigma
#10
Ryan Thibodeau, Lindsay N Shanks, Brian P Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Correlational research shows that belief in a continuum of psychiatric problems predicts decreased public stigma. However, the correlational findings fail to inform the stigma reduction prospects of manipulating continuum beliefs. All extant experimental work has been executed online. This study examined effects of a laboratory-based continuum intervention on behavioral and self-report measures of psychiatric stigma. METHODS: Sixty-nine undergraduates believed that they would meet a man with schizophrenia...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800529/mental-health-stigma-and-barriers-to-mental-health-care-for-first-responders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Peter T Haugen, Aileen M McCrillis, Geert E Smid, Mirjam J Nijdam
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear how many first responders experience barriers to care and stigma regarding mental health care, and how this influences their help-seeking. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted on barriers to care and mental health stigma in first responders and their empirical relationship with psychosocial and psychiatric variables. METHODS: The databases Medline, Embase PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, LILACS, Sociological Abstracts, SocINDEX, and Social Citation Index were searched to identify relevant studies...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799515/antiepileptic-treatments-in-developing-countries
#12
Jeremy Jost, Athanase Millogo, Pierre-Marie Preux
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy affects about 70 million people worldwide, nearly 90% of whom live in developing countries. Epilepsy is surrounded by myths and stigma in these countries. Discrimination and social stigmatization are difficult obstacles for patients to overcome. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards epilepsy are often inadequate, even sometimes totally false and then dangerous. METHODS: The goal was to present the situation and analyse the determinants of using antiepileptic drugs in developing countries...
August 9, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799477/partner-abuse-among-hiv-positive-sexual-minority-men-that-was-all-i-deserved
#13
David W Pantalone, Sarah E Valentine, Michelle A Jackson, Michele P Andrasik, Jane M Simoni
Living with HIV can be both a precipitant and a consequence of partner abuse (PA) across populations, including male-male partnerships. However, overlapping experiences of living with HIV and experiencing PA are not well characterized. We conducted 24 qualitative interviews with urban HIV-positive sexual minority men (SMM) recruited from a public hospital HIV clinic in Seattle, Washington, who reported lifetime PA histories, and analyzed them using content analysis. Participants reported psychological, physical, and sexual victimization from partners, varying in severity...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796538/oxygen-therapy-for-interstitial-lung-disease-physicians-perceptions-and-experiences
#14
Yet H Khor, Nicole Sl Goh, Christine F McDonald, Anne E Holland
RATIONALE: Domiciliary oxygen therapy (DOT) is commonly prescribed for patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and hypoxaemia, although evidence supporting benefit is limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore perspectives of respiratory physicians about DOT in patients with ILD. METHODS: A qualitative study was undertaken with 26 respiratory physicians from Australia. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and coded independently by two investigators...
August 10, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793838/sociodemographic-predictors-of-sex-offender-stigma-how-politics-impact-attitudes-social-distance-and-perceptions-of-sex-offender-recidivism
#15
Joseph S DeLuca, John Vaccaro, Amalia Rudnik, Nicole Graham, Anna Giannicchi, Philip T Yanos
Stigma toward general criminal offenders has been found to be particularly salient among community members who identify as politically conservative; however, less is known about how political identification relates to stigma toward sex offenders. This is a particularly important area of inquiry, given that criminal jurisprudence and politics legitimatize stigmatizing labels attributed to sex offenders through laws and policies that apply specifically to this group. A nonrandom sample ( N = 518) of participants living in the United States was recruited for this survey study...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791230/contemporary-surgical-devices-for-male-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-review-of-technological-advances-in-current-continence-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Eric Chung
Male stress urinary incontinence (SUI) remains a debilitating condition that adversely impacts all domains of quality of life and is associated with significant social stigma and health economic burden. The incidence of post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence (PPI) depends on the definition of urinary incontinence and the length of patient follow up. In patients with persistent PPI following failure of conservative measures, surgical treatment is recommended although there is no published guideline on when surgery should be performed, and what the best surgical option is...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782336/willingness-to-use-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-malaysia-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#17
Adam Bourne, Matteo Cassolato, Clayton Koh Thuan Wei, Bangyuan Wang, Joselyn Pang, Sin How Lim, Iskandar Azwa, Ilias Yee, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV in Malaysia. Recent success has been observed within demonstration projects examining the efficacy of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), an antiretroviral -based medication taken by HIV-negative men to prevent sero-conversion. In order for such promising findings to be translated in real-world settings, it is important to understand the acceptability of PrEP, including perceived barriers to access or uptake...
August 2, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778059/young-adults-experiences-of-neighbourhood-smoking-related-norms-and-practices-a-qualitative-study-exploring-place-based-social-inequalities-in-smoking
#18
Nicole M Glenn, Josée Lapalme, Geneviève McCready, Katherine L Frohlich
In this qualitative exploratory study we asked how smoking among young adults relates to the local neighbourhood context to better understand place-based social inequalities in smoking. We used data collected through focus groups with young adults from four economically diverse neighbourhoods in Montreal, Canada. Using the collective lifestyles framework to guide data analysis, we examined within and between neighbourhood social norms, practices, and agency. We found that some smoking-related social norms, practices and agency were particular to neighbourhoods of the same socio-economic status (SES)...
July 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777713/the-cultural-functions-and-social-potential-of-queer-monuments-a-preliminary-inventory-and-analysis
#19
Joe Joe Orangias, Jeannie Simms, Sloane French
Public monuments function as cultural agents, reifying dominant public narratives or fostering change. Either way, their representation of people and events intervene in public discourse and contribute to cultural, economic, political, and social environments. Queer monuments, defined here as heritage sites that honor gender and sexual minorities, represent communities that have often been excised in dominant public narratives. This article provides a preliminary global inventory of queer monuments and describes three of their major functions: (1) to provide visibility and reduce stigma; (2) to educate the public on the abuse and attempted extermination of gender and sexual minorities; and (3) to stimulate public debate and discourse about gender and sexual minority rights...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777685/sexual-minority-disparities-in-substance-use-willingness-among-youth
#20
Kristi E Gamarel, Ethan H Mereish, Suzanne M Colby, Nancy P Barnett, Kerri Hayes, Kristina M Jackson
BACKGROUND: Disparities in substance use have been observed in sexual minority youth, but less is known about willingness to use substances, an important precursor to actual use. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine willingness to use cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among sexual minority youth compared to their non-sexual minority counterparts using both cross-sectional and longitudinal data. METHODS: The present study drew on two waves (Times 1 and 2; 6 months apart) of data collected during high school as part of a prospective study of substance use initiation and progression in Rhode Island...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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