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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922073/the-effects-of-individual-and-network-level-factors-on-discussion-of-cancer-experiences-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-korea
#1
Min Ah Kim, Jaehee Yi, Kort C Prince, Elizabeth Nagelhout, Yelena Wu
This study aimed to identify young adult Korean cancer survivors' individual- (psychological distress, stigma, sociodemographic variables, and cancer-related variables) and network-level factors (relationship type, social support type) that influence discussion of their cancer experiences. Sixty-eight survivors of childhood cancer who were recruited using snowball sampling nominated 245 individuals from their networks, including family and intimate partners (40%) and friends and acquaintances (60%), as people with whom they most frequently interacted...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921576/rape-myth-acceptance-in-sexually-assaulted-adolescents-school-contexts-associations-with-depressed-mood-and-alcohol-use
#2
Emily R Dworkin, Stephanie N Sessarego, Samantha L Pittenger, Katie M Edwards, Victoria L Banyard
High school students exposed to sexual assault (SA) are at risk for negative outcomes like depressed mood and high-risk drinking. Although evidence suggests that both social contexts and internalized stigma can affect recovery from SA, no research to date has directly examined the presence of stigma in social contexts such as high schools as a correlate of adjustment after SA. In this study, the self-reported rape myth acceptance (RMA) of 3080 students from 97 grade cohorts in 25 high schools was used to calculate grade-mean and school-mean RMA, which was entered into multilevel models predicting depressed mood and alcohol use among N = 263 SA survivors within those schools...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920523/the-social-consequences-of-stigma-related-self-concealment-after-acquired-brain-injury
#3
Barbara F Hagger, Gerard A Riley
Social relationships often decline after brain injury. Although much of this is due to psychosocial impairments caused by the injury, the reactions to the injury of others in the person's wider social network, along with the response of the person with the injury to those reactions, also need to be considered. Anxiety about stigmatising reactions from others may lead some to conceal information about their brain injury. This study investigated some of the social consequences of such concealment. Sixty-five participants with acquired brain injury completed the Anticipated Stigma and Concealment Questionnaire, the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Social Integration subscale of the Community Integration Questionnaire, and the Enacted Social Support Questionnaire...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919824/strengthening-participation-by-young-women-sex-workers-in-hiv-programs-reflections-on-a-study-from-bangkok-thailand
#4
Cath Conn, Kristel Modderman, Shoba Nayar
BACKGROUND: Participation is an accepted means of increasing the effectiveness of public health programs, and as such, it is considered an important component of HIV interventions targeting at-risk youth. The situation of young women sex workers in Thailand is alarming on many fronts, including that of HIV risk. As a result, HIV programs in Thailand are the key interventions undertaken in relation to young women sex workers' health. A small-scale study used semistructured interviews to explore the participation reports of five young women sex workers, as well as the related views of two community support workers, who lived and worked in Bangkok, Thailand...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919571/reasons-why-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-stop-and-restart-taking-medicine
#5
William B Brinkman, John O Simon, Jeffery N Epstein
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of reasons why children and adolescents stop and restart attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medicine and whether functional impairment is present after stopping medicine. METHODS: We used the prospective longitudinal cohort from the Multimodal Treatment of Study of Children with ADHD. At the 12 year follow-up when participants were a mean of 21.1 years old, 372 participants (76% male, 64% Caucasian) reported ever taking ADHD medicine...
September 12, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915888/stigmatization-of-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-by-pharmacists-in-tajikistan-sociocultural-context-and-implications-for-a-pharmacy-based-prevention-approach
#6
Umedjon Ibragimov, Hannah L Cooper, Regine Haardörfer, Kristin L Dunkle, William A Zule, Frank Y Wong
BACKGROUND: Pharmacies are an important source of sterile syringes for people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tajikistan who are under high risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus. Accessibility of sterile syringes at pharmacies without prescription may depend on pharmacists' attitudes towards PWID. This qualitative inquiry examines meanings and processes of stigmatization of PWID among pharmacists and pharmacy students in Tajikistan. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 19 pharmacists and 9 students (N = 28) in the cities of Dushanbe and Kulob, Tajikistan...
September 16, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915113/causative-factors-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-status-of-pregnant-adolescent-girls-in-urban-communities-of-lagos-nigeria
#7
Yetunde A Kuyinu, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Elochukwu E Ukatu
Background The overall goal of this study was to determine the causative factors for pregnancy status in adolescent girls in two communities in the Lagos Island local government area. Methods A mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative) study reviewing routine health facility antenatal care (ANC) records and conducting focus group discussions among 46 pregnant adolescents, exploring their views about sex, contraception, pregnancy and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, was carried out. Key informant interviews were also carried out among healthcare workers and community members to assess their perceptions of adolescents' SRH problems...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914429/a-systematic-review-of-patient-and-caregiver-experiences-with-a-tracheostomy
#8
REVIEW
Ivana Nakarada-Kordic, Niamh Patterson, Jill Wrapson, Stephen D Reay
BACKGROUND: A tracheostomy is a surgically created opening through the anterior neck tissues and the trachea, into which a tube is inserted. Despite its influence on basic human needs such as respiration, communication and nutrition, little is known about the impact of tracheostomy on patients and their caregivers or what could be done to enable better care and quality of life (QoL) for these individuals. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to better understand the current knowledge related to the experience and QoL of adults living with a tracheostomy and their caregivers so as to be able to improve these experiences...
September 15, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914083/the-importance-of-context-in-early-autism-intervention-a-qualitative-south-african-study
#9
Jessy Guler, Petrus J de Vries, Noleen Seris, Nokuthula Shabalala, Lauren Franz
The majority of individuals with autism spectrum disorder live in low- and middle-income countries and receive little or no services from health or social care systems. The development and validation of autism spectrum disorder interventions has almost exclusively occurred in high-income countries, leaving many unanswered questions regarding what contextual factors would need to be considered to ensure the effectiveness of interventions in low- and middle-income countries. This study qualitatively explored contextual factors relevant to the adaptation of a caregiver-mediated early autism spectrum disorder intervention in a low-resource South African setting...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904455/stigma-and-polytherapy-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-epilepsy-from-south-india
#10
M Nagarathnam, B Vengamma, B Shalini, Saa Latheef
BACKGROUND: Apart from unpredictable seizures and consequent injuries, people with epilepsy (PWE) confront with psychosocial adjustments. Quality of life (QOL) varies with culture and socioeconomic milieu. Identification of predictors for QOL enables comprehensive and effective care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the role of stigma, demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical factors in QOL among PWE. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 170 PWE answered QOL in epilepsy-31 (QOLIE-31) and stigma questionnaire...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901830/-why-am-i-the-way-i-am-narrative-work-in-the-context-of-stigmatized-identities
#11
Jake Rance, Rebecca Gray, Max Hopwood
There are particular complexities faced by people attempting to tell their stories in the context of social stigma, such as the hostility which often surrounds injecting drug use. In this article, we identify some of the distinct advantages of taking a narrative approach to understanding these complexities by exploring a single case study, across two life-history interviews, with "Jimmy," a young man with a history of social disadvantage, incarceration, and heroin dependence. Drawing on Miranda Fricker's notion of "hermeneutical injustice," we consider the effects of stigmatization on the sociocultural practice of storytelling...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901829/resilience-to-discrimination-and-rejection-among-young-sexual-minority-males-and-transgender-females-a-qualitative-study-on-coping-with-minority-stress
#12
Laura Jane Bry, Brian Mustanski, Robert Garofalo, Michelle Nicole Burns
Sexual minority and transgender status is associated with mental health disparities, which have been empirically and theoretically linked to stressors related to social stigma. Despite exposure to these unique stressors, many sexual minority and transgender individuals will not experience mental health disorders in their lifetime. Little is known about the specific processes that sexual minority and transgender youth use to maintain their wellbeing in the presence of discrimination and rejection. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 sexual minority males and transgender females aged 18-22 years, who currently met criteria for an operationalized definition of resilience to depression and anxiety...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901575/fuming-with-rage-do-members-of-low-status-groups-signal-anger-more%C3%A2-than-members-of-high-status-groups
#13
Chuma Kevin Owuamalam, Mark Rubin
Owuamalam, Weerabangsa, Karunagharan and Rubin found that Malaysians associate people in low status groups with anger more than their higher status counterparts: the hunchback heuristic. But is this belief accurate? Here, we propose the alternative possibility that members of low-status groups might deliberately suppress anger to counter this stigma, while members of high-status groups might disinhibit their anger to assert their superiority. To test these propositions, we manipulated undergraduate students' relative group status by leading them to believe that provocative comments about their undergraduate social identity came from a professor (low-status condition) or a junior foundation year student (high-status condition)...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899202/a-serial-mediation-model-of-workplace-social-support-on-work-productivity-the-role-of-self-stigma-and-job-tenure-self-efficacy-in-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#14
Patrizia Villotti, Marc Corbière, Carolyn S Dewa, Franco Fraccaroli, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Sara Zaniboni, Tania Lecomte
PURPOSE: Compared to groups with other disabilities, people with a severe mental illness face the greatest stigma and barriers to employment opportunities. This study contributes to the understanding of the relationship between workplace social support and work productivity in people with severe mental illness working in Social Enterprises by taking into account the mediating role of self-stigma and job tenure self-efficacy. METHOD: A total of 170 individuals with a severe mental disorder employed in a Social Enterprise filled out questionnaires assessing personal and work-related variables at Phase-1 (baseline) and Phase-2 (6-month follow-up)...
September 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898545/attitudes-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-students-in-china-impact-of-medical-education-on-stigma
#15
Yifan Zhu, Hanwen Zhang, Ge Yang, Xinran Hu, Zhening Liu, Na Guo, Hongbo He, Bin Sun, Robert Rosenheck
INTRODUCTION: Stigma towards people with mental illness impedes effective treatment. A recent study found that Chinese students were less socially accepting of people with mental illness than counterparts from other countries. The current study examined stigma among Chinese medical students at different levels of training. METHODS: Medical students (N = 1372 from 12 Chinese schools) were surveyed with a questionnaire addressing attitudes and beliefs about people with mental illness...
September 12, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898144/the-changing-face-of-an-epidemic-healthy-old-age-with-hiv
#16
D B Nugent, M Chowdhury, L J Waters
The demographics of the HIV epidemic in the UK have changed significantly. Owing to a steady rate of new diagnoses and improved survival, the population of individuals living with HIV continues to increase. HIV is now widely considered to be a chronic condition and HIV-positive individuals are expected to live into old age. Increasing rates of age-related comorbidities challenge HIV care providers to deliver durable viral suppression, ensure long-term adherence to antiretroviral treatment and promote wellbeing into old age...
September 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895487/-%C3%A2-like-because-you-are-a-grownup-you-do-not-need-help-experiences-of-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-among-youth-with-perinatal-hiv-infection-their-caregivers-and-health-care-providers-in-the-dominican-republic
#17
María C Pinzón-Iregui, Gladys Ibanez, Consuelo Beck-Sagué, Mina Halpern, Rosa M Mendoza
With the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) worldwide, youth with perinatal HIV infection are increasingly surviving childhood and transitioning to adult care. Although a normal life span is anticipated posttransition, successful transition to adult HIV care has proven difficult, with worse outcomes posttransition than in pediatric and adult care. This study is a qualitative analysis of data from 4 focus groups of pre- and posttransition patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers in the Dominican Republic at an institution that provides comprehensive treatment including ART for HIV-infected persons of all ages...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895427/the-impact-of-self-perceived-limitations-stigma-and-sense-of-coherence-on-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Feddrik Broersma, Barth Oeseburg, Jacob Dijkstra, Klaske Wynia
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of perceived limitations, stigma and sense of coherence on quality of life in multiple sclerosis patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands. SUBJECTS: Multiple sclerosis patients. MAIN MEASURES: World Health Organization Quality of Life - abbreviated version, Stigma Scale for Chronic Illness, Sense of Coherence Scale, background and disease-related questions...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894526/qualitative-study-of-hiv-related-stigma-and-discrimination-what-women-say-in-iran
#19
Fatemeh Oskouie, Farzaneh Kashefi, Forough Rafii, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya
INTRODUCTION: HIV-related stigma is a major social problem of people living with HIV. Stigma against these people, especially women, interferes with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of HIV. This study examined the experiences of HIV infected women who were stigmatized, as well as the strategies used to tackle the issue. METHODS: Twenty-five women living with HIV were examined using in-depth, semi-structured interviews. The data obtained was analyzed using content analysis method in MAXQDA10...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893766/barriers-facilitators-and-survival-strategies-for-gps-seeking-treatment-for-distress-a-qualitative-study
#20
Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Clare Gerada, David Kessler, Nick Leggett, Chris Manning, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Ruth Riley
BACKGROUND: GPs are under increasing pressure due to a lack of resources, a diminishing workforce, and rising patient demand. As a result, they may feel stressed, burnt out, anxious, or depressed. AIM: To establish what might help or hinder GPs experiencing mental distress as they consider seeking help for their symptoms, and to explore potential survival strategies. DESIGN AND SETTING: The authors recruited 47 GP participants via e-mails to doctors attending a specialist service, adverts to local medical committees (LMCs) nationally and in GP publications, social media, and snowballing...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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