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Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy

Alberto M Saibene, Elena Zambrelli, Carlotta Pipolo, Alberto Maccari, Giovanni Felisati, Elena Felisati, Francesca Furia, Aglaia Vignoli, Maria Paola Canevini, Enrico Alfonsi
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a useful tool for drug-resistant epilepsy, but it induces known laryngeal side effects, with a significant role on patients' quality of life. VNS patients may show persistent left vocal fold (LVF) palsy at rest and/or recurrent LVF adduction during stimulation. This study aims at electromyographically evaluating laryngeal muscles abnormalities in VNS patients. We compared endoscopic laryngeal evaluation data in six VNS patients with laryngeal muscle electromyography (LMEMG) carried out on the thyroarytenoid, cricothyroid, posterior cricoarytenoid, and cricopharyngeal muscles...
October 13, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Zhenyang Zhang, Qiancheng Song, Jiangbo Lin, Mingqiang Kang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of mesoesophagus suspension technique to improve the upper mediastinal lymph node dissection during thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the treatment of esophageal cancer. METHODS: Clinical data of 164 thoracic esophageal cancer patients who underwent combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy with two-field lymph node dissection in the Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University between October 2012 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Frans van Workum, Jolijn van der Maas, Frits J H van den Wildenberg, Fatih Polat, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Marc J van Det, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Misha D Luyer, Camiel Rosman
BACKGROUND: Both cervical esophagogastric anastomosis (CEA) and intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomosis (IEA) are used to restore gastrointestinal integrity following minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). No prospective randomized data on functional outcome, postoperative morbidity, and mortality between these techniques are currently available. METHODS: A comparison was conducted including all consecutive patients with esophageal carcinoma of the distal esophagus or gastroesophageal junction undergoing MIE with CEA or MIE with IEA from October 2009 to July 2014 in 3 high-volume esophageal cancer centers...
September 24, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Angkoon Anuwong, Matteo Lavazza, Hoon Yub Kim, Che-Wei Wu, Stefano Rausei, Vincenzo Pappalardo, Cesare Carlo Ferrari, Davide Inversini, Andrea Leotta, Antonio Biondi, Feng-Yu Chiang, Gianlorenzo Dionigi
The objective is to compare the consequences of routine visualization (RV) and the application of intermitted (I-IONM), standardized (S-IONM), and continuous monitoring (C-IONM) of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) management. RV includes that 698 RLNs managed solely with visual identification. In a second period 777, RLNs were handled by the I-IONM. The third period 768 RLNs monitoring was performed according to the standards. C-IONM via VN stimulation included 626 RLNs. The following issues were analyzed and compared per each period study: RLN identification rate, branching detection, assessment of NRLN, intraoperative recognizable nerve damage, stage thyroidectomy rate, transient or definitive lesions, bilateral nerve palsy, and recovery time...
September 20, 2016: Updates in Surgery
James C Lee, Daniel Breen, Amanda Scott, Simon Grodski, Meei Yeung, William Johnson, Jonathan Serpell
BACKGROUND: Up to 80% of patients without a recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy report alteration in their voice after a thyroid procedure. The aims of this study were (1) to quantify voice changes after thyroid operation; (2) to correlate the changes to the extent of operation; and (3) to correlate voice changes to intraoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve swelling. METHODS: Patients undergoing total and hemithyroidectomy were recruited prospectively from the Monash University Endocrine Surgery Unit during a 12-month period...
September 2, 2016: Surgery
Celestino Pio Lombardi, Giulia Carnassale, Gianfranco Damiani, Anna Acampora, Marco Raffaelli, Carmela De Crea, Rocco Bellantone
BACKGROUND: The aim of our research was to explore the specific role of intermittent intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) versus visualization alone in preventing permanent nerve palsy in thyroid surgery. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by searching electronic databases using specific keywords and completed by hand search. The article selection process was carried out by 2 independent investigators using well-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
August 24, 2016: Surgery
A Bergenfelz, A F Salem, H Jacobsson, E Nordenström, M Almquist
BACKGROUND: Vocal cord palsy occurs in 3-5 per cent of patients after thyroidectomy. To reduce this complication, intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) has been introduced, although its use remains controversial. This study investigated the risk of postoperative vocal cord palsy with and without the use of intermittent IONM. METHODS: Patients registered in the Scandinavian Quality Register for Thyroid, Parathyroid and Adrenal Surgery, 2009-2013, were included. Early palsy of the recurrent laryngeal nerve was diagnosed within 6 weeks after surgery...
August 18, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Z Ismazizi, A A Zainal
Hoarseness due to left recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis was first described in 1897 by Norbert Ortner. Various cardiopulmonary and thoracic arch aorta pathologies associated with left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy have been described over the last 100 years and is also known as cardio-vocal syndrome. We report our experience with seven cases of Ortners syndrome due to thoracic aortic aneurysm with compression of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve and resultant hoarseness.
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Yukiko Miura, Masashi Yamamoto, Shingo Kanaji, Kimihiro Yamashita, Takeru Matsuda, Yasuo Sumi, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: In esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, the number of dissected lymph nodes (LNs), including those along the recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLNs), influences prognosis and nodal staging accuracy. However, dissection of LNs along the RLN increases the risk of complications, especially RLN palsy. Therefore, complete dissection of these LNs with prevention of RLN palsy is recommended. We present herein a new method for lymphadenectomy along the right RLN, named the Pincers maneuver, during thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position (TEP)...
August 4, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Jiangke Tian, Lei Li, Peng Liu, Xuan Wang
Despite minimal evidence, thyroid drains are routinely used as a precaution against hematoma in thyroidectomy. We undertook the present meta-analysis to evaluate the patient outcomes associated with post-surgical drainage, and whether it offers any advantage over no drainage in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Randomized and two-arm studies comparing the efficacy of total or partial thyroidectomy with or without post-surgery drainage, in patients undergoing thyroid surgery were included. Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until January 22, 2015, using the terms, "thyroidectomy, subtotal thyroidectomy, total thyroidectomy, drainage, thyroid cancer, and goiter...
July 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Phat Truong, Lisa Dickerson
Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and thyroid disease suggest locally invasive thyroid malignancy. In contrast, recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy caused by benign multinodular goiters or ectopic thyroid tissue accounts for only 1% of cases. This article describes an unusual case of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy secondary to a benign ectopic retrosternal thyroid tissue mass. Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with progressive voice weakness and hoarseness...
August 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Yujie Li, Xiaodong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET) has gained acceptance among surgeons as its feasibility has been well-documented. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis has been to assess and validate the safety and feasibility of ET when compared to conventional open thyroidectomy (COT) for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) and to verify other potential benefits and drawbacks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Web of Knowledge are searched for studies concerning treatment for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma between 2000 and 2013, the method of meta-analysis is performed to compare the effect of different treatment...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Brigitte Farizon, Marie Gavid, Alexandre Karkas, Jean-Marc Dumollard, Michel Peoc'h, Jean-Michel Prades
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the thyroarytenoid muscle response during bilateral thyroid surgery using vagal nerve stimulation. 195 patients (390 nerves at risk) underwent a total thyroidectomy. The recurrent laryngeal nerve's function was checked by analyzing the amplitude and the latency of the thyroarytenoid muscle's responses after a vagal nerve's stimulation (0.5 and 1 mA) using the NIM3 Medtronic system. All patients were submitted to preoperative and postoperative laryngoscopy. 20 patients get no thyroarytenoid muscle response to the vagal nerve stimulation, and 14 postoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve palsies were confirmed (3...
July 15, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Koichi Suda, Masaya Nakauchi, Kazuki Inaba, Yoshinori Ishida, Ichiro Uyama
Robotic surgery with the da Vinci Surgical System has been increasingly applied in a wide range of surgical specialties, especially in urology and gynecology; however, that in the field of upper GI tract has yet to be standard due to the lack of clear benefits in comparison with conventional minimally invasive surgery. We have been performing robotic gastrectomy and esophagectomy for operable patients with resectable upper GI malignancies since 2009, and demonstrated the potential advantage that use of the robot may reduce postoperative local complications including pancreatic fistula following gastrectomy and recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy after esophagectomy, even though there have been a couple of issues to be solved including longer duration of operation and higher cost...
July 12, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Taro Oshikiri, Takashi Yasuda, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Shingo Kanaji, Kimihiro Yamashita, Takeru Matsuda, Yasuo Sumi, Tetsu Nakamura, Yasuhiro Fujino, Masahiro Tominaga, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kakeji
PURPOSE: Thoracoscopic esophagectomy with the patient in the prone position (TEP) is now being performed as minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. This study examines the short-term outcomes and the learning curve associated with TEP. METHODS: One surgeon ("Surgeon A") performed TEP on 100 consecutive patients assigned to three periods based on treatment order. Each group consisted of 33 or 34 patients. The outcomes of the three groups were compared to define the influence of surgeon expertise...
July 11, 2016: Surgery Today
Andreas Selberherr, Philipp Riss, Christian Scheuba, Bruno Niederle
BACKGROUND: In terms of morbidity, prophylactic central neck dissection (CND; level 6) in potentially malignant thyroid disease is discussed controversially. The rates of (transient and permanent) hypoparathyroidism and palsy of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) after "first-step" (FS-)CND are analyzed in this study. METHODS: Bilateral and unilateral FSCND, i.e., lymph node dissection along the RLN before (total) thyroidectomy, was performed bilaterally in 68 (group 1) and unilaterally in 44 patients (group 2), respectively...
July 8, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
J M Fussey, F Ahsan
The left recurrent laryngeal nerve is at increased risk of compression by oesophageal pathology due to its long course through the neck and thorax. Here we report a case of left vocal cord palsy secondary to displacement of a gastric band, resulting in oesophageal dilatation and neuropraxia of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve. Vocal cord function partially improved following removal of the gastric band.
July 7, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Rhea Malik, Dimitrios Linos
This study aimed to assess the efficacy of intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IONM) in preventing recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP) during thyroid surgery. When IONM results in false positives, it seeks to evaluate contributing factors. A systematic review was conducted gauging the predictive power of neuromonitoring in determining RLN function intraoperatively, its reductions of temporary and permanent RLNP rates, and surgeons' response to the technology. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched for RLN monitoring in thyroid surgery following a set of inclusion/exclusion criteria...
August 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Koichi Suda, Masaya Nakauchi, Kazuki Inaba, Yoshinori Ishida, Ichiro Uyama
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer, characterized by minimal access, has been increasingly performed worldwide. It not only results in better cosmetic outcomes, but also reduces intraoperative blood loss and postoperative pain, leading to faster recovery; however, endoscopically enhanced anatomy and improved hemostasis via positive intracorporeal pressure generated by CO2 insufflation have not contributed to reduction in early postoperative complications or improvement in long-term outcomes...
May 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Wolfram Lamadé, Maren Béchu, Ester Lauzana, Peter Köhler, Sabine Klein, Tuncay Tuncer, Noor Isra Heryantee Rashid, Erich Kahle, Bertram Erdmann, Uta Meyding-Lamadé
PURPOSE: Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in thyroid surgery is still a threatening complication. Our aim was to analyze the impact of prolonged tensile stress on the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in an animal model using continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring (C-IONM). METHODS: Constant tensile stress was applied to left and right RLNs in 20 pigs (40 RLN). In a pilot study, five animals were subjected to a tensile force of 0.34 ± 0.07 N for 10 min and changes in amplitude were documented using C-IONM...
May 21, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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