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nanomaterial and biofilm

Hui Sun, Yuanxiu Hong, Yuejing Xi, Yijie Zou, Jingyi Gao, Jianzhong Du
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been attracting much attention due to their excellent antimicrobial efficiency and low rate in driving antimicrobial resistance (AMR) which has been increasing globally to alarming levels. Conjugation of AMPs into functional polymers not only preserves excellent antimicrobial activities but reduces the toxicity and offers more functionalities, which brings new insight towards developing multifunctional biomedical materials such as hydrogels, polymer vesicles, polymer micelles, etc...
March 14, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Tugce Onur, Esra Yuca, Tolga Tarkan Olmez, Urartu Ozgur Safak Seker
HYPOTHESIS: Amyloid-forming biofilm proteins of Escherichia coli, namely CsgA and CsgB, can form self-assembled nanofibers on solid surfaces. These proteins can be programmed to form bio-nanomaterials for functional applications. EXPERIMENTS: In this study, the assembly of the CsgA and CsgB protein on solid surfaces was investigated in real time using a quartz crystal microbalance instrument with dissipation monitoring. The assembly kinetics of the CsgA and CsgB proteins in various settings on solid surfaces were investigated...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Sami A Alyahya, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Ramzi A Mothana, Mohammed N Al-Anbr, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Ramachandran Ishwarya, Mariappan Yazhiniprabha, Giovanni Benelli
Recent research in entomology and parasitology focused on the efficacy of green fabricated nanomaterials as novel insecticides. In this study, we synthesized poly-dispersed and stable silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the leaf extract of Holostemma ada-kodien. The nanostructures were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, and X-ray diffraction analysis. The efficacy of H...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Alan Hibbitts, Cian O'Leary
In a recent report, the World Health Organisation (WHO) classified antibiotic resistance as one of the greatest threats to global health, food security, and development. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains at the core of this threat, with persistent and resilient strains detectable in up to 90% of S. aureus infections. Unfortunately, there is a lack of novel antibiotics reaching the clinic to address the significant morbidity and mortality that MRSA is responsible for. Recently, nanomedicine strategies have emerged as a promising therapy to combat the rise of MRSA...
February 23, 2018: Materials
Elise Eymard-Vernain, Sylvie Luche, Thierry Rabilloud, Cécile Lelong
Due to the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles, the use of nanomaterials increases every year in industrial and medical processes. At the same time, the increasing number of bacteria becoming resistant to many antibiotics, mostly by a horizontal gene transfer process, is a major public health concern. We herein report, for the first time, the role of nanoparticles in the physiological induction of horizontal gene transfer in bacteria. Besides the most well-known impacts of nanoparticles on bacteria, i...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Robert A Harper, Mais M Saleh, Guy Carpenter, Vincenzo Abbate, Gordon Proctor, Richard D Harvey, Robert J Gambogi, Anthony Geonnotti, Robert Hider, Stuart A Jones
'Soft' nanomaterials have the potential to produce substantive antibiofilm effects. The aim of this study was to understand the oral antimicrobial activity of soft nanomaterials generated from alpha-tocopherol (α-T) and alpha-tocopherol phosphate (α-TP). (+) α-TP formed planar bilayer islands (175 ± 21 nm, -14.9 ± 3.5 mV) in a Trizma® buffer, whereas (+) α-T formed spherical liposomes (563 ± 1 nm, -10.5 ± 0.2 mV). The (+) α-TP bilayers displayed superior Streptococcus oralis biofilm growth retardation, a more substantive action, generated a superior adsorption to hydroxyapatite and showed an enhanced inhibition of multi-species bacterial saliva biofilm growth (38 ± 7μm vs 58 ± 18 μm, P ˂ 0...
February 2, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Cameron A Stewart, Yoav Finer, Benjamin D Hatton
Antimicrobial drug release from biomaterials for orthopedic repair and dental restorations can prevent biofilm growth and caries formation. Carriers for drug incorporation would benefit from long-term drug storage, controlled release, and structural stability. Mesoporous silica, synthesized through a co-assembly of silica and surfactant template, is an ideal drug encapsulation scaffold that maintains structural integrity upon release. However, conventional loading of drug within meso-silica pores via concentration-gradient diffusion limits the overall payload, concentration uniformity, and drug release control...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Agnese Bregnocchi, Elena Zanni, Daniela Uccelletti, Fabrizio Marra, Domenico Cavallini, Francesca De Angelis, Giovanni De Bellis, Maurizio Bossù, Gaetano Ierardo, Antonella Polimeni, Maria Sabrina Sarto
BACKGROUND: Secondary caries are considered the main cause of dental restoration failure. In this context, anti-biofilm and bactericidal properties are desired in dental materials against pathogens such as Streptococcus mutans. To this purpose, graphene based materials can be used as fillers of polymer dental adhesives. In this work, we investigated the possibility to use as filler of dental adhesives, graphene nanoplatelets (GNP), a non toxic hydrophobic nanomaterial with antimicrobial and anti-biofilm properties...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Manaf AlMatar, Essam A Makky, Isil Var, Fatih Koksal
BACKGROUND: Until recently, one of the main reasons for mortality has been infectious diseases, and bacteria that are drug-resistant have emerged as a result of the wide application, as well as the misuse, of antibacterial medications. Having multidrug-resistance, bacteria present a great problem for the efficient management of bacterial infections and this challenge has resulted in the creation of other means of dealing with bacterial diseases. Of late, metallic nanoparticles (NPs), employed as antibacterial agents, have the potential for use against resistance to bacterial drugs...
December 7, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
Xinhuan Wang, Qiusen Han, Ning Yu, Tian Wang, Chen Wang, Rong Yang
Nanomaterials with visible light-driven photocatalytic activity have attracted much attention due to their excellent abilities in degradation of various organic pollutants as well as inactivating bacteria. Herein, graphene oxide (GO) enwrapped silver chloride/silver (AgCl/Ag) nanocomposites with high visible light absorption were designed and fabricated as efficient antibacterial agents. AgCl NPs were synthesized in the presence of GO first and Ag NPs were coated on AgCl surface by heat reduction to form GO-AgCl/Ag nanocomposites...
February 1, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Satoshi Soda, Wenbo Ma, Masashi Kuroda, Hiroshi Nishikawa, Yuanyuan Zhang, Michihiko Ike
Moderately halotolerant selenate- and tellurite-reducing bacteria were characterized for wastewater treatment applications. A selenate-reducing strain 9a was isolated from the biofilm of a leachate treatment plant at a sea-based waste disposal site. A tellurite-reducing strain Taa was isolated from an enrichment culture derived from brackish sediment. Both bacterial strains were Shewanella species. Strain 9a could anaerobically remove 45-70% of 1.0 mM selenate and selenite from water containing up to 3% NaCl within 4 days, while strain Taa could anaerobically and aerobically remove 70-90% of 0...
January 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Hassan A Hemeg
Despite an array of cogent antibiotics, bacterial infections, notably those produced by nosocomial pathogens, still remain a leading factor of morbidity and mortality around the globe. They target the severely ill, hospitalized and immunocompromised patients with incapacitated immune system, who are prone to infections. The choice of antimicrobial therapy is largely empirical and not devoid of toxicity, hypersensitivity, teratogenicity and/or mutagenicity. The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria further intensifies the clinical predicament as it directly impacts public health due to diminished potency of current antibiotics...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Dania Ahmed, Ayaz Anwar, Anum Khalid Khan, Ayaz Ahmed, Muhammad Raza Shah, Naveed Ahmed Khan
Biofilm formation by pathogenic bacteria is one of the major threats in hospital related infections, hence inhibiting and eradicating biofilms has become a primary target for developing new anti-infection approaches. The present study was aimed to develop novel antibiofilm agents against two Gram-positive bacteria; Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 43300) and Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175) using gold nanomaterials conjugated with 3-(diphenylphosphino)propionic acid (Au-LPa). Gold nanomaterials with different sizes as 2-3 nm small and 9-90 nm (50 nm average size) large were stabilized by LPa via different chemical synthetic strategies...
November 21, 2017: AMB Express
Chao Song, Chun-Miao Yang, Xue-Fei Sun, Peng-Fei Xia, Jing Qin, Bei-Bei Guo, Shu-Guang Wang
In this study, we evaluated the influences of graphene oxide (GO) on biofilm formation. Escherichia coli MG1655 and Bacillus subtilis 168 were used as models for Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The growth profiles and viability assays indicated that GO exhibited a high antibacterial activity, of which the negative effects on bacteria growth raised with the increasing GO concentration. The antibacterial activity of GO was mainly attributed to the membrane stress and ROS-independent oxidative stress...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
David P Cormode, Lizeng Gao, Hyun Koo
Nanomaterials have been developed for many biomedical applications, including medical imaging, drug delivery, and antimicrobial coatings. Intriguingly, nanoparticles can display 'enzyme-like' activity and have been explored as alternatives to natural enzymes in several industrial and energy-related applications. Recently, these catalytic nanomaterials with enzyme-mimetic properties have found new biomedical applications, from biofilm disruption to protection against neurodegeneration and tumor prevention. In this review we focus on recent in vivo studies demonstrating potential therapeutic uses of catalytic nanomaterials...
October 26, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
Sheng Wang, Biyao Mao, Mingxi Wu, Jingjing Liang, Le Deng
Biofilms are bacterial communities consisting of numerous extracellular polymeric substances. Infections caused by biofilm-forming bacteria are considered to be a major threat to health security and so novel approaches to control biofilm are of importance. Aptamers are single-strand nucleic acid molecules that have high selectivity to their targets. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are common nanomaterials and have been shown to be toxic to bacterial biofilms. The aim of this study was to test whether an aptamer could play a role as targeting agents to enhance the efficiency of anti-biofilm agents...
November 2, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Elena Zanni, Erika Bruni, Chandrakanth Reddy Chandraiahgari, Giovanni De Bellis, Maria Grazia Santangelo, Maurizio Leone, Agnese Bregnocchi, Patrizia Mancini, Maria Sabrina Sarto, Daniela Uccelletti
BACKGROUND: Nanotechnologies are currently revolutionizing the world around us, improving the quality of our lives thanks to a multitude of applications in several areas including the environmental preservation, with the biodeterioration phenomenon representing one of the major concerns. RESULTS: In this study, an innovative nanomaterial consisting of graphene nanoplatelets decorated by zinc oxide nanorods (ZNGs) was tested for the ability to inhibit two different pathogens belonging to bacterial genera frequently associated with nosocomial infections as well as biodeterioration phenomenon: the Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and the Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Karthika Prasad, Chaturanga D Bandara, Shailesh Kumar, Gurinder Pal Singh, Bastian Brockhoff, Kateryna Bazaka, Kostya Ken Ostrikov
Antifouling efficacy of graphene nanowalls, i.e., substrate-bound vertically-oriented graphene nanosheets, has been demonstrated against biofilm-forming Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Where graphene nanowalls are typically prepared using costly high-temperature synthesis from high-purity carbon precursors, large-scale applications demand efficient, low-cost processes. The advancement of plasma enabled synthesis techniques in the production of nanomaterials has opened a novel and effective method for converting low-cost natural waste resources to produce nanomaterials with a wide range of applications...
July 4, 2017: Nanomaterials
Katarzyna Niemirowicz, Bonita Durnaś, Grażyna Tokajuk, Ewelina Piktel, Grzegorz Michalak, Xiaobo Gu, Alina Kułakowska, Paul B Savage, Robert Bucki
Fungal infections caused by Candida spp. represent an emerging problem during treatment of immunocompromised patients and those hospitalized with serious principal diseases. The ever-growing number of fungal strains exhibiting drug resistance necessitates the development of novel antimicrobial therapies including those based on membrane-permeabilizing agents and nanomaterials as drug carriers. In this study, the fungicidal activities of LL-37 peptide, ceragenin CSA-13 and its magnetic derivatives (MNP@LL-37, MNP@CSA-13) against laboratory and clinical strains of C...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Łucja Dybowska-Sarapuk, Andrzej Kotela, Jakub Krzemiński, Marta Wróblewska, Halina Marchel, Magdalena Romaniec, Paweł Łęgosz, Małgorzata Jakubowska
Biofilms are microbial communities of surface-attached cells embedded in a self-produced extracellular matrix. They have been found to play a role in a wide variety of infections, including catheter-related urinary tract and bloodstream infections, and, therefore remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality among the world's population. Recently, much attention has been devoted to the prevention of biofilm formation on implant surfaces. Nanomaterials such as graphene, characterized by antibacterial activity and low toxicity to human cells, are promising candidates for biomedical applications...
June 16, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
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