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Paula Fraga-Lamas, Tiago M Fernández-Caramés, Manuel Suárez-Albela, Luis Castedo, Miguel González-López
The Internet of Things (IoT) is undeniably transforming the way that organizations communicate and organize everyday businesses and industrial procedures. Its adoption has proven well suited for sectors that manage a large number of assets and coordinate complex and distributed processes. This survey analyzes the great potential for applying IoT technologies (i.e., data-driven applications or embedded automation and intelligent adaptive systems) to revolutionize modern warfare and provide benefits similar to those in industry...
October 5, 2016: Sensors
Zhendong Liu, Yingxin Zhao, Yuanli Dong, Biao Lu, Miaomiao Wei
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Helicobacter pylori infection on atherosclerosis in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN AND METHOD: 228 subjects (Mean age: 67.92 ± 7.51) were enrolled in this study. Whether or not did the patients infected with Hp by 14C-Urea Breath Test (14C-UBT). The participants were divided into infection-positive group and infection-negative group basing on the outcomes of 14C-UBT. Their Carotid-Radial pulse wave velocity(CrPWV) and Carotid intima media thickness(CIMT) were mornitored...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Berglind Jonsdottir, Christer Larsson, Annelie Carlsson, Gun Forsander, Sten Anders Ivarsson, Åke Lernmark, Johnny Ludvigsson, Claude Marcus, Ulf Samuelsson, Eva Örtqvist, Helena Elding Larsson
CONTEXT: Screening of autoimmune thyroid disease in children and young adults with Type 1 diabetes is important but vary greatly between clinics. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the predictive value of thyroid autoantibodies, thyroid function, islet autoantibodies, and HLA- DQ at diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes for autoimmune thyroid disease during subsequent follow-up. SETTING: 43 Paediatric Endocrinology units Sweden. Design, patients and main outcome measures: At diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes, samples from 2433 children were analysed for autoantibodies against thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb), thyroglobulin (TGAb), glutamic acid decarboxylase (GADA), insulin (IAA), insulinoma-associated protein-2 (IA-2A), and the three variants of the zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8W/R/QA) as well as HLA-DQA1-B1 genotypes and thyroid function...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Robert Gabriel Coumine Riis, Henrik Gudbergsen, Ole Simonsen, Marius Henriksen, Nasir Al-Mashkur, Mikkel Eld, Kristian Kjær Petersen, Olga Kubassova, Anne C Bay Jensen, Janus Damm, Henning Bliddal, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Mikael Ploug Boesen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between MRI, macroscopic and histological assessments of synovitis in end-stage knee osteoarthritis (KOA). METHODS: Synovitis of end-stage osteoarthritic knees was assessed using non-contrast-enhanced (CE), CE-MRI and dynamic-CE (DCE)-MRI prior to total knee replacement and correlated with microscopic and macroscopic assessments of synovitis obtained intraoperatively. Multiple bivariate correlations were used with a pre-specified threshold of 0...
October 10, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Valentina Iotchkova, Jie Huang, John A Morris, Deepti Jain, Caterina Barbieri, Klaudia Walter, Josine L Min, Lu Chen, William Astle, Massimilian Cocca, Patrick Deelen, Heather Elding, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Christopher S Franklin, Mattias Franberg, Tom R Gaunt, Albert Hofman, Tao Jiang, Marcus E Kleber, Genevieve Lachance, Jian'an Luan, Giovanni Malerba, Angela Matchan, Daniel Mead, Yasin Memari, Ioanna Ntalla, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Raha Pazoki, John R B Perry, Fernando Rivadeneira, Maria Sabater-Lleal, Bengt Sennblad, So-Youn Shin, Lorraine Southam, Michela Traglia, Freerk van Dijk, Elisabeth M van Leeuwen, Gianluigi Zaza, Weihua Zhang, Najaf Amin, Adam Butterworth, John C Chambers, George Dedoussis, Abbas Dehghan, Oscar H Franco, Lude Franke, Mattia Frontini, Giovanni Gambaro, Paolo Gasparini, Anders Hamsten, Aaron Issacs, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Claudia Langenberg, Winfried Marz, Robert A Scott, Morris A Swertz, Daniela Toniolo, Andre G Uitterlinden, Cornelia M van Duijn, Hugh Watkins, Eleftheria Zeggini, Mathew T Maurano, Nicholas J Timpson, Alexander P Reiner, Paul L Auer, Nicole Soranzo
Large-scale whole-genome sequence data sets offer novel opportunities to identify genetic variation underlying human traits. Here we apply genotype imputation based on whole-genome sequence data from the UK10K and 1000 Genomes Project into 35,981 study participants of European ancestry, followed by association analysis with 20 quantitative cardiometabolic and hematological traits. We describe 17 new associations, including 6 rare (minor allele frequency (MAF) < 1%) or low-frequency (1% < MAF < 5%) variants with platelet count (PLT), red blood cell indices (MCH and MCV) and HDL cholesterol...
September 26, 2016: Nature Genetics
Olcay Ünver, Nilüfer Eldeş Hacıfazlıoğlu, Elif Karatoprak, Ayfer Sakarya Güneş, Güneş Sağer, Büşra Kutlubay, Gülhan Sözen, Sema Saltık, Kutluhan Yılmaz, Bülent Kara, Dilşad Türkdoğan
The aim of this multicenter study was to screen for late-onset Pompe disease in high-risk children with limb-girdle muscle weakness and nonspecific hyperCKemia using the dried blood spot (DBS) test. Seventy-two children from four pediatric neurology departments in Turkey were enrolled in the study: 37 with limb-girdle muscle weakness and 35 with nonspecific hyperCKemia. Acid α-glucosidase (GAA) activity was measured on DBS by tandem mass spectrometry. Six patients tested positively for Pompe disease. In three patients, one with the limb-girdle muscle weakness and two with nonspecific hyperCKemia, this was confirmed by genetic analysis...
September 6, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Zhendong Liu, Yingxin Zhao, Yuanli Dong, Biao Lu, Miaomiao Wei
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Helicobacter pylori infection on atherosclerosis in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN AND METHOD: 228 subjects (Mean age: 67.92 ± 7.51) were enrolled in this study. Whether or not did the patients infected with Hp by 14C-Urea Breath Test (14C-UBT). The participants were divided into infection-positive group and infection-negative group basing on the outcomes of 14C-UBT. Their Carotid-Radial pulse wave velocity(CrPWV) and Carotid intima media thickness(CIMT) were mornitored...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Ya-Ping Xu, Peng-Cheng DU, Yu-Jun Qiang, Wen Zhang, Chen Chen, Ji-Hong Yu, Jun Guo
Objective To investigate the genotype of klebsiella pneumonia strains isolated from eldly inpatients by multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis. Methods Totally 184 klebsiella pneumonia strains,isolated from eldly inpatients,were collected,and their genome DNA were extracted. The polymorphism of 7 variable-number tandem-repeat locus in the DNA samples was analyzed by multiple primers polymerase chain reaction and capillary electrophoresis. The clustering analysis of genotyping was carried out with the BioNumerics 5...
August 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Sunshine M Rote, Heehyul Moon
OBJECTIVES: With growing diversity in the older adult and caregiver populations, the purpose of the current study is to describe the extent to which elder care frequency varies by race/ethnicity and immigrant/native status using national data from the United States. METHOD: Using pooled data from the 2011-2014 American Time Use Surveys (ATUS; N = 7,855), we present multinomial logistic regressions of caregiving frequency by race/ethnicity and immigrant/native status and explore whether factors within the caregiving domain (duration of care, number of care recipients, and coresidence) attenuate any observed differences...
August 29, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Laura Mosqueda, Kerry Burnight, Melanie W Gironda, Alison A Moore, Jehni Robinson, Bonnie Olsen
Ten percent of older adults experience elder mistreatment, and it is much more common in older adults with dementia. It is associated with higher rates of psychological distress, hospitalization, and death and, in the United States, costs billions of dollars each year. Although elder mistreatment is relatively common and costly, it is estimated that fewer than 10% of instances of elder mistreatment are reported. Given these data, there is a great need for research on interventions to mitigate elder mistreatment and for a practical model or framework to use in approaching such interventions...
September 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Talal Alfaadhel, Daniel Cattran
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome (NS) in adults in Western countries. In 2012, the KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) working group published guidelines for the management of glomerulonephritis, thus providing a template for the treatment of this condition. While being aware of the impact of the clinicians' acumen and that patients may choose a different therapeutic option due to the risks of specific drugs and also of the evolving guidelines, this review details our approach to the management of patients with IMN in a Western center (Toronto)...
September 2015: Kidney Diseases
Ali Dehqan, Fariba Yadegari, Ali Asgari, Ronald C Scherer, Peyman Dabirmoghadam
PURPOSE: The phrase "health-related quality of life" (HRQOL) refers to patients' perceptions of the influence of disease and treatment on their physical, psychological, and social function. Also, cultural aspects should be taken into account when evaluating quality of life and should be considered in related surveys.  In the current study, the most prominent voice-related QOL dimensions, including culture-based items in Iranian individuals was examined. METHODS: A convenience sample (n= 23) of adults was interviewed addressing voice related quality of life areas...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Yaxin Yu, Robert M Yarrington, Edward B Chuong, Nels C Elde, David J Stillman
The yeast HO endonuclease is expressed in late G1 in haploid mother cells to initiate mating-type interconversion. Cells can be arrested in G1 by nutrient deprivation or by pheromone exposure, but cells that resume cycling after nutrient deprivation or cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inactivation express HO in the first cell cycle, whereas HO is not expressed until the second cycle after release from pheromone arrest. Here, we show that transcription of a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) mediates this differential response...
August 23, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Olcay Ünver, Gazanfer Ekinci, Büşra Işın Kutlubay, Thomas Gülten, Sağer Güneş, Nilüfer Eldeş Hacıfazlıoğlu, Dilşad Türkdoğan
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the patients who were followed up in our clinic with a diagnosis of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in terms of age, sex, clinical findings, etiology, thrombophilic factors, imaging findings, treatment and prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The files of 11 patients who were followed up in our pediatric neurology clinic with a diagnosis of cerebral thrombosis between 1 December 2010 and 31 December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Seven of 11 patients were male (63...
June 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Elias David-Neto, Paschoalina Romano, Ana Heloisa K Triboni, Fernanda Ramos, Fabiana Agena, Persio A R Ebner, Marcelo Altona, Nelson Z Galante, Francine B C Lemos
BACKGROUND: Elderly (≥60years) recipients are receiving renal transplants more frequently. The pharmacokinetics studies (PK) of immunosuppressive drugs in healthy volunteers, rarely, include old patients. METHODS: We studied 208 12-hour Tacrolimus (TAC) PK (0,20,40,60,90,120,180,240,360,480,600,720 min) in 44 elderly (Eld) (65±3year) and compared the results with 31 younger controls (Ctrl) (35±6y) recipients, taking oral Tacrolimus (TAC)/Mycophenolate Sodium (MPS)/prednisone, at 4 different time-points: PK1 (8±2days; n=72); PK2 (31±4d; n=61); PK3 (63±6d; n=44) and PK4 (185±10days; n=31)...
August 1, 2016: Transplantation
Jingran Dong, Shuying Huo, Shigang Shen, Jianzhong Xu, Tiesheng Shi, Lars I Elding
The reduction of ormaplatin (tetraplatin), a prototype for Pt(IV) anticancer prodrugs, by glutathione (GSH) was kinetically characterized over a wide pH range at 25.0°C and 1.0M ionic strength. The reduction follows overall second-order kinetics, giving rise to the oxidized glutathione as the oxidation product, which was identified by high-resolution mass spectrometry. The reaction mechanism put forward involves parallel attacks by all the GSH species on the Pt(IV) prodrug as rate-determining steps. All rate constants for the rate-determining steps have been derived for the first time, enabling the construction of the reactivity of GSH species versus their pH distribution diagram...
September 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
V Hnatiuk, N Kononenko, T Kozub, V Chikitkina, L Galiy
The aim of the research was to study the state of melatonin-positive-labeled cells (MPLC) of GM in desynchronosis in rats of different age and gender. 780 sections of the pyloric part of the gastric mucosa were studied in rats of both genders at the age of 9, 15 and 20 months. Animals were divided into intact control groups and the groups of the animals kept under the conditions of continuous light for 14 days - desynchronosis. The study was performed by the method of immunohistochemical staining with the primary antibodies to melatonin (Biorbyt, UK) and the secondary Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated antibody (Abcam, UK)...
June 2016: Georgian Medical News
Jun Seok Bae, Sang-Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Obese patients are at risk of complications such as slower wound healing and increased infection rates after spinal surgery. Transforaminal full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy (ELD) has advantages over conventional microdiscectomy because it decreases perioperative complications and increases favorable clinical outcomes. No clinical studies have reported ELD in obese patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes of transforaminal ELD in obese patients...
2016: International Journal of Spine Surgery
Helena Elding Larsson
BACKGROUND: The autoimmune destruction of beta cells, resulting in clinical type 1 diabetes, may start early in life and last for several months or years. During this period of time, we have an opportunity to try to prevent or delay further beta-cell destruction and clinical onset of type 1 diabetes. OBJECTIVES: Ongoing prediction and prevention studies in Skåne, Sweden are described. METHODS: During September 2000 to August 2004, 35 000 children were screened at birth for genetic type 1 diabetes risk in the Diabetes Prediction in Skåne Study (DiPiS)...
July 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Manuel Vázquez-Arellano, Hans W Griepentrog, David Reiser, Dimitris S Paraforos
The authors wish to make the following corrections to Table 1 of the title paper [1]: the working environment of the PlantEye platform should be changed from "Greenhouse" to "Open field, Greenhouse" and the shadowing device of the Scanalyzer platform should be changed from "'√" to "x". [...].
2016: Sensors
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