keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Isolation and characterization of compounds

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644959/generation-and-characterization-of-aptamers-targeting-factor-xia
#1
R S Woodruff, I Ivanov, I M Verhamme, M-F Sun, D Gailani, B A Sullenger
BACKGROUND: The plasma protease factor XIa (FXIa) has become a target of interest for therapeutics designed to prevent or treat thrombotic disorders. METHODS: We used a solution-based, directed evolution approach called systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) to isolate RNA aptamers that target the FXIa catalytic domain. RESULTS: Two aptamers, designated 11.16 and 12.7, were identified that bound to previously identified anion binding and serpin bindings sites on the FXIa catalytic domain...
June 9, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642102/varic-acid-analogues-from-fungus-as-ptp1b-inhibitors-biological-evaluation-and-structure-activity-relationships
#2
Wenlong Sun, Chunlin Zhuang, Xia Li, Bowei Zhang, Xinhua Lu, Zhihui Zheng, Yuesheng Dong
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibitors as potential therapies for diabetes and obesity have attracted much attention in recent years. Six varic acid analogues were isolated from two strains of fungi and evaluated for PTP1B inhibition activities. The structure-activity relationships were also characterized and predicted by molecular modeling. Further kinetic studies indicated the reversible and competitive inhibition manner of varic acid analogues. Trivaric acid showed insulin-sensitizing effect not only in vitro but also in vivo, representing a promising lead compound for further optimization...
June 19, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637209/purification-and-characterization-of-two-new-cell-bound-bioactive-compounds-produced-by-wildlactococcus-lactisstrain
#3
Margarete Alice Fontes Saraiva, Dag Anders Brede, Ingolf Figved Nes, Maria Cristina Baracat-Pereira, Marisa Vieira de Queiroz, Célia Alencar de Moraes
Novel compounds and innovative methods are required considering that antibiotic resistance has reached a crisis point. In the study, two cell-bound antimicrobial compounds produced by L. lactis ID1.5 were isolated and partially characterized. Following purification by cationic exchange and a solid phase C18 column, antimicrobial activity was recovered after three runs of RPC using 60% (v/v) and 100% (v/v) of 2-propanol for elution, suggesting that more than one antimicrobial compound were produced by L. lactis ID1...
June 20, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636663/an-endophytic-basidiomycete-grammothele-lineata-isolated-from-corchorus-olitorius-produces-paclitaxel-that-shows-cytotoxicity
#4
Avizit Das, Mohammad Imtiazur Rahman, Ahlan Sabah Ferdous, Al- Amin, Mohammad Mahbubur Rahman, Nilufar Nahar, Md Aftab Uddin, Mohammad Riazul Islam, Haseena Khan
Grammothele lineata, an endophyte isolated in our laboratory from jute (Corchorus olitorius acc. 2015) was found to be a substantial paclitaxel producer. Taxol and its related compounds, produced by this endophyte were extracted by growing the fungus in simple nutrient media (potato dextrose broth, PDB). Taxol was identified and characterized by different analytical techniques (TLC, HPLC, FTIR, LC-ESI-MS/MS) following its extraction by ethyl acetate. In PDB media, this fungus was found to produce 382.2 μgL-1 of taxol which is about 7...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633810/sonochemical-rate-enhanced-by-a-new-nanomagnetic-embedded-core-shell-nanoparticles-and-catalytic-performance-in-the-multicomponent-synthesis-of-pyridoimidazoisoquinolines
#5
Ali Maleki, Morteza Aghaei
A sonochemical approach for the one-pot three-component synthesis of pyridoimidazoisoquinolines via by using phthalaldehyde, trimethylsilylcyanide and aminopyridines the presence of a catalytic amount of a new nanomagnetic catalyst Fe3O4@SiO2-CO-C6H4-NH2 is described. The characterization of the nanocatalyst and the product was done by various methods, such as FT-IR, SEM, EDX, TGA/DTA, NMR, MS and CHN analyses. This is the first design, preparation, characterization and application of the present core/shell nanomaterial and also the first ultrasound irradiated synthesis of the biologically and pharmaceutically important fused polycyclic compounds in ethanol as a green solvent...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633515/crystal-structure-and-functional-characterization-of-a-cytochrome-p450-bacyp106a2-from-bacillus-sp-pamc-23377
#6
Ki-Hwa Kim, Chang Woo Lee, Bikash Dangi, Sun-Ha Park, Hyun Park, Tae-Jin Oh, Jun Hyuck Lee
Bacterial cytochrome P450 (CYP) steroid hydroxylases are effectively useful in the pharmaceutical industry for introducing hydroxyl groups to a wide range of steroids. We found a putative CYP steroid hydroxylase (BaCYP106A2) from the bacterium Bacillus sp. PAMC 23377 isolated from Kara Sea of the Arctic Ocean, showing 94% sequence similarity with BmCYP106A2 (Bacillus megaterium ATCC 13368). In this study, soluble BaCYP106A2 was overexpressed to evaluate its substrate-binding activity. The substrate affinity (Kd value) to 4-androstenedione was 387 ± 37 µM...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633106/selective-photocytotoxicity-of-anthrols-on-cancer-stem-like-cells-the-effect-of-quinone-methides-or-reactive-oxygen-species
#7
Lidija Uzelac, Đani Škalamera, Kata Mlinarić-Majerski, Nikola Basarić, Marijeta Kralj
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subpopulation of cancer cells that share properties of embryonic stem cells like pluripotency and self-renewal and show increased resistance to chemo- and radiotherapy. Targeting CSC, rather than cancer cells in general, is a novel and promising strategy for cancer treatment. Novel therapeutic approaches, such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) have been investigated. A promising group of phototherapeutic agents are reactive intermediates - quinone methides (QMs). This study describes preparation of QM precursor, 2-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethylanthracene (2) and a detailed photochemical and photobiological investigation on similar anthracene derivatives 3 and 4...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632991/uncovering-the-repertoire-of-fungal-secondary-metabolites-from-fleming-s-lab-to-the-international-space-station
#8
Tomasz Boruta
Fungi produce a variety of secondary metabolites (SMs), low-molecular weight compounds associated with many potentially useful biological activities. The examples of biotechnologically relevant fungal metabolites include penicillin, a beta-lactam antibiotic, and lovastatin, a cholesterol-lowering drug. The discovery of pharmaceutical lead compounds within the microbial metabolic pools relies on the selection and biochemical characterization of promising strains. Not all SMs are produced under standard cultivation conditions, hence the uncovering of chemical potential of investigated strains often requires the use of induction strategies to awake the associated biosynthetic genes...
June 20, 2017: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630188/identification-of-a-novel-antibacterial-compound-1-2-4-dichlorophenethyl-amino-3-phenoxypropan-2-ol-active-against-persisters-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#9
Veerle Liebens, Valerie Defraine, Wouter Knapen, Toon Swings, Serge Beullens, Romu Corbau, Arnaud Marchand, Patrick Chaltin, Maarten Fauvart, Jan Michiels
Antibiotics typically fail to completely eradicate a bacterial population, leaving a small fraction of transiently antibiotic-tolerant persister cells intact. Persisters are therefore seen as a major cause of treatment failure and greatly contribute to the recalcitrant nature of chronic infections. The current report is focused on Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative pathogen belonging to the notorious ESKAPE group and, due to an increasing resistance against most conventional antibiotics, posing a serious threat to human health...
June 19, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629616/cytotoxic-steroidal-saponins-from-panicum-turgidum-forssk
#10
Ahmed A Zaki, Zulfiqar Ali, Yan-Hong Wang, Yasser A El-Amier, Shabana I Khan, Ikhlas A Khan
Three new bidesmosidic cholestane-type steroidal glycosides,16-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-cholest-5-en-3β,16β-diol-22-one-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-O-[(β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→4)]-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), 16-O-β-D-glucopyranosylcholest-5-en-3β,16β-diol-22-one-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), and 16-O-β-D-glucopyranosylcholestan-3β,16β-diol-6,22-dione-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(3) were isolated from a methanolic extract of Panicum turgidum...
June 16, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628243/using-ultrahigh-resolution-mass-spectrometry-and-toxicity-identification-techniques-to-characterize-the-toxicity-of-oil-sands-process-affected-water-the-case-for-classical-naphthenic-acids
#11
Sarah A Hughes, Ashley Mahaffey, Bryon Shore, Josh Baker, Bruce Kilgour, Christine Brown, Kerry M Peru, John V Headley, Howard C Bailey
Previous assessments of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) toxicity were hampered by lack of high-resolution analytical analysis, use of non-standard toxicity methods, and variability between OSPW samples. We integrated ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry with a Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE) approach to quantitatively identify the primary cause of acute toxicity of OSPW to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The initial characterization of OSPW toxicity indicated that toxicity was associated with non-polar organic compounds, and toxicant(s) were further isolated within a range of discrete methanol fractions that were then subjected to Orbitrap mass spectrometry to evaluate the contribution of naphthenic acid (NA) fraction compounds to toxicity...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627648/characterization-of-a-blandm%C3%A2-1%C3%A2-harboring-plasmid-from-a-salmonella%C3%A2-enterica-clinical-isolate-in-china
#12
Jinwei Huang, Shanshan Deng, Jianmin Ren, Jianfei Tu, Meiping Ye, Minggui Wang
The plasmid-mediated transmission of antibiotic resistance genes has been reported to be involved in the development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria, and poses a serious threat for the success of bacterial infection treatment and human health worldwide. The present study used a 454 GS‑FLX pyrosequencing system to determine the ~140 kb nucleotide sequence of plasmid pHS36‑NDM, which was identified in a Salmonella Stanley isolate from the stool sample of an 11‑month‑old girl at Lishui Central Hospital, China, and which contains a New Delhi metallo‑β‑lactamase‑1 (NDM‑1) carbapenem resistance gene (blaNDM‑1)...
June 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627269/profiling-and-identification-of-chlorogenic-acid-metabolites-in-rats-by-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-linear-ion-trap-orbitrap-mass-spectrometer
#13
Fei Wang, Zhanpeng Shang, Lulu Xu, Zhibin Wang, Wenjing Zhao, XiaoDan Mei, Jianqiu Lu, Jiangyu Zhang
1. Chlorogenic acids (CGAs), one kind of major bioactive constituents isolated from Flos Lonicerae Japonicae, possess many biological activities, such as antibacterial, antioxidant, and antiviral activities. In this study, we established an efficient strategy using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS) to profile the in vivo metabolic fate of CGAs in rat urine and plasma. 2. The extract from Flos Lonicerae Japonicae was orally administrated to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats at a dose of 1000 mg/kg body weight...
June 19, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626485/isolation-and-characterization-of-isofraxidin-7-o-6-o-p-coumaroyl-%C3%AE-glucopyranoside-from-artemisia-capillaris-thunberg-a-novel-nontoxic-hyperpigmentation-agent-that-is-effective-in-vivo
#14
Soon-Ho Yim, Nadia Tabassum, Woong-Hee Kim, Haaglim Cho, Ji-Hyung Lee, Galzad J Batkhuu, Hyun Jung Kim, Won Keun Oh, Da-Woon Jung, Darren R Williams
Abnormalities in skin pigmentation can produce disorders such as albinism or melasma. There is a research need to discover novel compounds that safely and effectively regulate pigmentation. To identify novel modulators of pigmentation, we attempted to purify compounds from a bioactive fraction of the Korean medicinal plant Artemisia capillaris Thunberg. The novel compound isofraxidin 7-O-(6'-O-p-coumaroyl)-β-glucopyranoside (compound 1) was isolated and its pigmentation activity was characterized in mammalian melanocytes...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625733/new-grape-stems-isolated-phenolic-compounds-modulate-reactive-oxygen-species-glutathione-and-lipid-peroxidation-in-vitro-combined-formulations-with-vitamins-c-and-e
#15
Marcelo Queiroz, David Oppolzer, Irene Gouvinhas, Amélia M Silva, Ana I R N A Barros, Raúl Domínguez-Perles
The antioxidant potential of grape (Vitis vinífera L.) stems has been reported in the last decade although no identification of the individual compounds responsible for such action has been done. In this work, polyphenolic extract of grape stems was processed resorting to semi-preparative HPLC, allowing to obtain 5 purified polyphenols (caftaric acid, malvidin-3-O-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-glucuronide, mailvidin-3-O-(6-O-caffeoyl)-glucoside, and Σ-viniferin), which were fully characterized by HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS(n)...
June 16, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625492/cbmg-a-novel-derivative-of-mansonone-g-suppresses-adipocyte-differentiation-via-suppression-of-ppar%C3%AE-activity
#16
Hyo Kyeong Kim, Rita Hairani, Hana Jeong, Mi Gyeong Jeong, Warinthorn Chavasiri, Eun Sook Hwang
Mansorins and mansonones have been isolated from Mansonia gagei heartwoods, a traditional herbal medicine used to treat heart failure, and characterized to have anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, and anti-estrogenic activities. However, there is as yet no information on their effects on adipogenesis and lipid storage associated with heart disease. In this study, we investigated the effects of naturally occurring compounds on adipogenic differentiation and sought to develop more potent anti-adipogenic compound...
June 15, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623170/nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-inhibitors-derived-from-snake-and-snail-venoms
#17
REVIEW
Sebastien Dutertre, Annette Nicke, Victor Tsetlin
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) represents the prototype of ligand-gated ion channels. It is vital for neuromuscular transmission and an important regulator of neurotransmission. A variety of toxic compounds derived from diverse species target this receptor and have been of elemental importance in basic and applied research. They enabled milestone discoveries in pharmacology and biochemistry ranging from the original formulation of the receptor concept, the first isolation and structural analysis of a receptor protein (the nAChR) to the identification, localization, and differentiation of its diverse subtypes and their validation as a target for therapeutic intervention...
June 13, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621878/isolation-and-chemical-characterization-of-agelaiatoxin8-avtx8-from-agelaia-vicina-wasp-venom-and-its-biological-effects-on-gaba-neurotransmission
#18
Andrea B Pizzo, Renê O Beleboni, Ruither O Gomes Carolino, Luciana de Oliveira, Antonio Miranda, Joaquim Coutinho-Netto, Andréia C K Fontana, Wagner Ferreira Dos Santos
Arthropod venoms are sources of molecules that may be useful tools to investigate molecular mechanisms of putative new medicines and laboratory drugs. Here we show the effects of the compound agelaiatoxin-8 (AVTx8), isolated from Agelaia vicina venom, on γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission in rat brain synaptosomes. Analysis reveals that AvTx8 is composed by 14 amino acid residues with a molecular weight (MW) of 1567 Da. AvTx8 increased GABA release and inhibited GABA uptake in synaptosomes from rat cerebral cortex...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620318/extraction-protocols-for-individual-zebrafish-s-ventricle-myosin-and-skeletal-muscle-actin-for-in-vitro-motility-assays
#19
Lisa-Mareike Scheid, Cornelia Weber, Nasrin Bopp, Matias Mosqueira, Rainer H A Fink
The in vitro motility assay (IVMA) is a technique that enables the measurement of the interaction between actin and myosin providing a relatively simple model to understand the mechanical muscle function. For actin-myosin IVMA, myosin is immobilized in a measurement chamber, where it converts chemical energy provided by ATP hydrolysis into mechanical energy. The result is the movement of fluorescently labeled actin filaments that can be recorded microscopically and analyzed quantitatively. Resulting sliding speeds and patterns help to characterize the underlying actin-myosin interaction that can be affected by different factors such as mutations or active compounds...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618195/novel-reductive-dehalogenases-from-the-marine-sponge-associated-bacterium-desulfoluna-spongiiphila
#20
Jie Liu, Nora Lopez, Young-Beom Ahn, Tatyana Goldberg, Yana Bromberg, Lee J Kerkhof, Max M Häggblom
Desulfoluna spongiiphila strain AA1 is an organohalide respiring bacterium, isolated from the marine sponge Aplysina aerophoba, that can use brominated and iodinated phenols, in addition to sulfate and thiosulfate as terminal electron acceptors. The genome of Desulfoluna spongiiphila strain AA1 is approximately 6.5 Mb. Three putative reductive dehalogenase (rdhA) genes involved in respiratory metabolism of organohalides were identified within the sequence. Conserved motifs found in respiratory reductive dehalogenases (a twin arginine translocation signal sequence and two iron-sulfur clusters) were present in all three putative AA1 rdhA genes...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
keyword
keyword
117199
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"