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Isolation and characterization of compounds

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237881/new-cytotoxic-phloroglucinol-derivatives-from-agrimonia-pilosa
#1
Lan Tang, Lulu Fu, Chenghua Lu, Xiaorong Hou, Weiguang Shan, Zhajun Zhan
Three new phloroglucinol derivatives, namely agripinol A-C (1-3), were isolated from Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb, along with two known ones (4-5). Their structures were characterized by spectroscopic methods, including MS and NMR spectroscopic techniques. The absolute configurations of the new compounds were unambiguously established by single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. In the cytotoxicity assay, all compounds exhibited more potent cytotoxic activities against HCT-116, MDA-MB-231 and PC-3, as compared with the positive control fluorouracil...
February 22, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231617/characterization-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-strains-isolated-from-industrial-cleanrooms-under-regular-routine-disinfection
#2
U Ribič, A Klančnik, B Jeršek
AIMS: The purpose of this study was the genotypic and phenotypic characterization of 57 strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from cleanroom environments, based on their biofilm formation and antimicrobial resistance profiles. METHODS AND RESULTS: Biofilm formation was investigated using real-time PCR (icaA, aap, bhp genes), the Congo red agar method, and the crystal violet assay. The majority of the strains (59.7%; 34/57) did not form biofilms according to the crystal violet assay, although the biofilm-associated genes were present in 94...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230755/three-chalconoids-and-a-pterocarpene-from-the-roots-of-tephrosia-aequilata
#3
Yoseph Atilaw, Sandra Duffy, Matthias Heydenreich, Lois Muiva-Mutisya, Vicky M Avery, Máté Erdélyi, Abiy Yenesew
In our search for new antiplasmodial agents, the CH₂Cl₂/CH₃OH (1:1) extract of the roots of Tephrosia aequilata was investigated, and observed to cause 100% mortality of the chloroquine-sensitive (3D7) strain of Plasmodium falciparum at a 10 mg/mL concentration. From this extract three new chalconoids, E-2',6'-dimethoxy-3',4'-(2'',2''-dimethyl)pyranoretrochalcone (1, aequichalcone A), Z-2',6'-dimethoxy-3',4'-(2'',2''-dimethyl)pyranoretrochalcone (2, aequichalcone B), 4''-ethoxy-3''-hydroxypraecansone B (3, aequichalcone C) and a new pterocarpene, 3,4:8,9-dimethylenedioxy-6a,11a-pterocarpene (4), along with seven known compounds were isolated...
February 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229391/kudsuphilactone-b-a-nortriterpenoid-isolated-from-schisandra-chinensis-fruit-induces-caspase-dependent-apoptosis-in-human-ovarian-cancer-a2780-cells
#4
Miran Jeong, Hye Mi Kim, Hyun Ji Kim, Jung-Hye Choi, Dae Sik Jang
A phytochemical study on the fruits of Schisandra chinensis led to the isolation and characterization of nineteen compounds. The structures of the isolates were determined to be schizandrin, deoxyschizandrin, angeloylgomisin H, gomisin A, gomisin J, (-)-gomisin L1, (-)-gomisin L2, wuweizisu C, gomisin N, meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid, kadsuphilactone B, α-ylangenol, α-ylangenyl acetate, β-chamigrenal, β-chamigrenic acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid, p-methylcarvacrol, and indole-3-acetic acid...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226178/occurrence-characterization-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-salmonella-enterica-in-slaughtered-pigs-in-sardinia
#5
Federica Fois, Francesca Piras, Mia Torpdahl, Roberta Mazza, Simonetta G Consolati, Carlo Spanu, Christian Scarano, Enrico P L De Santis
The aim of this study was to determine Salmonella occurrence in slaughtered finishing pigs and piglets and in slaughterhouse environment in order to characterize the isolates with phenotypical (antimicrobial testing) and molecular (PFGE, MLVA) methods. Nine slaughterhouses located in Sardinia were visited. Six hundred and eight samples collected from 106 pigs and 108 environmental samples were collected and analyzed. Salmonella was isolated in 65 of 504 (12.9%) samples from finishing pigs, with an occurrence of 15...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225268/structure-and-characterization-of-a-zero-dimensional-alkali-tin-dihalides-compound-cs3sn3f2cl7-with-the-sn2f2cl4-2-clusters
#6
Pifu Gong, Siyang Luo, Ke Xiao, Qian Huang, Yi Yang, Hongwei Huang, Yicheng Wu, Chuangtian Chen, Zheshuai Lin
A new perovskite stoichiometric alkali tin dihalides compound, Cs3Sn3F2Cl7, is synthesized by a hydrothermal method. This compound belongs to the monoclinic space group of P21/c with cell parameters of a = 9.5645(4) Å, b = 14.2057(7) Å, c = 13.5828(6) Å, and β = 93.2450(10)°. Unlike the common perovskites in which octahedra are interconnected to be a three-dimensional network, Cs3Sn3F2Cl7 possesses a zero-dimensional structure consisting of Cs(+) cations, isolated [SnCl3](-) trigonal pyramids, and dimer structural units [Sn2F2Cl4](2-); the latter microscopic unit is found for the first time...
February 22, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225183/protective-effects-of-araloside-c-against-myocardial-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-potential-involvement-of-heat-shock-protein-90
#7
Min Wang, Yu Tian, Yu-Yang Du, Gui-Bo Sun, Xu-Dong Xu, Hai Jiang, Hui-Bo Xu, Xiang-Bao Meng, Jing-Yi Zhang, Shi-Lan Ding, Miao-di Zhang, Ming-Hua Yang, Xiao-Bo Sun
The present study was designed to investigate whether Araloside C, one of the major triterpenoid compounds isolated from Aralia elata known to be cardioprotective, can improve heart function following ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and elucidate its underlying mechanisms. We observed that Araloside C concentration-dependently improved cardiac function and depressed oxidative stress induced by I/R. Similar protection was confirmed in isolated cardiomyocytes characterized by maintaining Ca(2+) transients and cell shortening against I/R...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224161/f-element-metalated-dipyrrins-synthesis-and-characterization-of-a-family-of-uranyl-bis-dipyrrinate-complexes
#8
Duer Bolotaulo, Alejandro Metta-Magaña, Skye Fortier
Using an improved, chromatography-free dipyrrin synthesis, the α,β-unsubstituted dipyrrins [RC(C4H2N)2H] (2) (R = tolyl (2toly(l)), p-OMe-C6H4 (2anis), mesityl (2mes), ferrocenyl (2Fc)) were isolated in good to excellent yields. Deprotonation of 2 with Na[N(SiMe3)2] gives the alkali metal salts [Na(DME)n][RC(C4H2N)2] (3) which reacts with UO2Cl2(THF)3 to give the uranyl bis(dipyrrinates) UO2[RC(C4H2N)2]2(L) (L = THF (4R-THF); DMAP (4R-DMAP)) (R = tolyl, p-OMe-C6H4, mesityl, ferrocenyl). The THF adducts, 4R-THF, are unstable in aromatic and nonpolar solvents and rapidly decompose to 2 and an intractable uranium-containing solid...
February 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223870/bioactivity-and-chemical-characterization-of-acalypha-fruticosa-forssk-growing-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Ghada Ahmed Fawzy, Areej Mohammad Al-Taweel, Shagufta Perveen, Shabana Iqrar Khan, Fatma Abdulaziz Al-Omary
Acalypha is an important genus of the Euphorbiaceae family. The genus is represented by five species in Saudi Arabia. Acalypha fruticosa Forssk. Fl. Aeg is traditionally used as a cure for stomachache, dyspepsia, rheumatism, dermatitis, and swellings of the body. The present study endeavors to provide a phytochemical and biological evaluation of the plant, with the aim of relating activity to constituting secondary metabolites in the plant. Column chromatographic separation of the methanol extract led to the isolation of four compounds namely 2-methyl-5,7-dihydroxychromone 5-O-β-d-glucopyranoside 1, acalyphin 2, apigenin 3 and kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside 4...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221879/antimicrobial-susceptibility-and-molecular-typing-of-salmonella-senftenberg-isolated-from-humans-and-other-sources-in-shanghai-china-2005-to-2011
#10
Zeqiang Zhan, Dai Kuang, Ming Liao, Hongxia Zhang, Jingzhang Lu, Xueming Hu, Yulong Ye, Jianghong Meng, Xuebin Xu, Jianmin Zhang
Salmonella Senftenberg is an important nontyphoidal Salmonella serovar that causes gastrointestinal disease worldwide. In total, 130 Salmonella Senftenberg strains obtained from humans, food, and the environment in Shanghai, People's Republic of China, were characterized for antimicrobial susceptibility and subjected to molecular typing. Our findings indicated that most (96 of 130, 73.8%) of the strains were susceptible to all 13 antimicrobial compounds tested, whereas only two strains (1.5%) were resistant to two antimicrobial compounds...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220704/functional-characterization-of-a-new-tea-camellia-sinensis-flavonoid-glycosyltransferase
#11
Xianqian Zhao, Peiqiang Wang, Mingzhuo Li, Yeru Wang, Xiaolan Jiang, Lilan Cui, Yumei Qian, Juhua Zhuang, Liping Gao, Tao Xia
Tea (Camellia sinensis) is an important commercial crop, in which the high content of flavonoids provides the health benefits. A flavonoid glycosyltransferase (CsUGT73A20), belonged to Cluster IIIa was isolated from tea plant. The recombinant CsUGT73A20 in E. coli exhibited a broad substrate tolerance towards multiple flavonoids. Among them, kaempferol was the optimal substrate compared to quercetin, myricetin, naringenin, apigenin and kaempferide. However, no product was detected when UDP-galactose was used as the sugar donor...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220596/quantitative-pcr-is-a-valuable-tool-to-monitor-performance-of-dna-encoded-chemical-library-selections
#12
Yizhou Li, Gunther Zimmermann, Jörg Scheuermann, Dario Neri
Phage-display libraries and DNA-encoded chemical libraries (DECL) represent useful tools for the isolation of specific binding molecules out of large combinatorial sets of compounds. In both methods, specific binders are recovered at the end of affinity capture procedures, using target proteins of interest immobilized on a solid support. However, while the efficiency of phage-display selections is routinely quantified by counting the phage titer before and after the affinity capture step, no similar quantification procedures have been reported for the characterization of DNA-encoded chemical library selections...
February 21, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220032/pharmacologic-blockade-of-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-1-integrin-ameliorates-renal-failure-and-fibrosis-in-vivo
#13
Yongen Chang, Wei Ling Lau, Hyunil Jo, Kazuyuki Tsujino, Leslie Gewin, Nilgun Isik Reed, Amha Atakilit, Ane Claudia Fernandes Nunes, William F DeGrado, Dean Sheppard
Activated fibroblasts are deemed the main executors of organ fibrosis. However, regulation of the pathologic functions of these cells in vivo is poorly understood. PDGF receptor β (PDGFRβ) is highly expressed in activated pericytes, a main source of fibroblasts. Studies using a PDGFRβ promoter-driven Cre system to delete αv integrins in activated fibroblasts identified these integrins as core regulators of fibroblast activity across solid organs, including the kidneys. Here, we used the same PDGFRβ-Cre line to isolate and study renal fibroblasts ex vivo We found that renal fibroblasts express three αv integrins, namely αvβ1, αvβ3, and αvβ5...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218702/phytochemical-study-of-tapirira-guianensis-leaves-guided-by-vasodilatory-and-antioxidant-activities
#14
Amélia M G Rodrigues, Denise O Guimarães, Tatiana U P Konno, Luzineide W Tinoco, Thiago Barth, Fernando A Aguiar, Norberto P Lopes, Ivana C R Leal, Juliana M Raimundo, Michelle F Muzitano
The aim of this research was to perform a phytochemical study of the methanol leaves extract of T. guianensis (MET) guided by vasodilatory and antioxidant activities. The chemical profile of MET and the ethyl acetate fraction (EA fraction) was determined by HPLC-UV-MS and EA fraction guided fractionation by reverse-phase chromatography. The vasorelaxant effects of MET, fractions, sub-fractions and constituents were assessed on rat aorta pre-contracted with phenylephrine. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by using a DPPH assay...
February 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218654/caffeoylquinic-acids-from-the-aerial-parts-of-chrysanthemum-coronarium-l
#15
Chunpeng Wan, Shanshan Li, Lin Liu, Chuying Chen, Shuying Fan
To elucidate the chemical compositions of the aerial parts of Chrysanthemum coronarium L., the ethanol extracts of Ch. coronarium L. were firstly isolated by the MCI-gel resin column. The caffeoylquinic acid-rich fractions were further purified by various chromatographic columns including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC to yield the compounds. The purified compounds were characterized by ¹H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (¹H-NMR), (13)C-NMR, and high resolution electrospray ionisation mass spectral (HR-ESI-MS) spectroscopy...
February 17, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218521/monoterpenoid-indole-alkaloids-from-kopsia-officinalis-and-the-immunosuppressive-activity-of-rhazinilam
#16
Ting Zeng, Xiu-Yin Wu, Shu-Xia Yang, Wei-Chun Lai, Shun-Dong Shi, Qiang Zou, Yang Liu, Li-Mei Li
Six new monoterpenoid indole alkaloids, kopsinidines C-E (1-3), 11,12-methylenedioxychanofruticosinic acid (4), 12-methoxychanofruticosinic acid (5), and N(4)-methylkopsininate (7), as well as chanofruticosinic acid (6, as a natural product) and 23 known alkaloids, were obtained from the twigs and leaves of Kopsia officinalis. Their structures were characterized by physical data analysis. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their immunosuppressive activity on human T cell proliferation. Rhazinilam (29) significantly inhibited human T cell proliferation activated by anti-CD3/anti-CD28 antibodies (IC50 = 1...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218000/chemical-constituents-and-anti-inflammatory-principles-from-the-fruits-of-forsythia-suspensa
#17
Ping-Chung Kuo, Hsin-Yi Hung, Chi-Wei Nian, Tsong-Long Hwang, Ju-Chien Cheng, Daih-Huang Kuo, E-Jian Lee, Shih-Huang Tai, Tian-Shung Wu
Fifty compounds were isolated from the fruits of Forsythia suspensa, including 13 new compounds characterized as eight new diterpenoids (1-8), three new lignans (9-11), a new iridoid (12), and a new triterpenoid (13). Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic and spectrometric analysis. Most of the isolated compounds were examined for their anti-inflammatory activity in vitro. The results showed that several compounds displayed significant inhibition of fMLP/CB-induced superoxide anion generation and elastase release, with IC50 values ranging from 0...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217929/phytochemical-characterization-antibacterial-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitory-and-cytotoxic-properties-of-cryptostephanus-vansonii-an-endemic-amaryllid
#18
Mack Moyo, Adeyemi O Aremu, Jude C Chukwujekwu, Jiri Gruz, Jiri Skorepa, Karel Doležal, Cuthbert A T Katsvanga, Johannes Van Staden
Cryptostephanus vansonii I. Verd., an endemic Amaryllidaceae species from Zimbabwe, was evaluated for its acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory and cytotoxicity properties using Ellman's colorimetric method and the tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay against Vero monkey kidney cells, respectively. The plant extracts were also evaluated for their antibacterial activity against five bacteria. Furthermore, phytochemical profiles of the extracts were determined using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry analysis...
February 20, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216880/isolation-and-characterisation-of-a-proanthocyanidin-with-antioxidative-antibacterial-and-anti-cancer-properties-from-fern-blechnum-orientale
#19
How-Yee Lai, Yau-Yan Lim, Kah-Hwi Kim
BACKGROUND: Blechnum orientale Linn. (Blechnaceae), a fern, is traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments, such as skin diseases, stomach pain, urinary bladder complaints, and also as a female contraceptive. Previously, we reported a strong radical scavenging activity, antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity against HT29 colon cancer cells by aqueous extract of B. orientale. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we attempted to isolate and identify the active compound from the aqueous extract of B...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215421/minutellins-a-d-azaphilones-from-the-stromata-of-annulohypoxylon-minutellum-xylariaceae
#20
Eric Kuhnert, Frank Surup, Sandra Halecker, Marc Stadler
During the course of our screening for new metabolites with chemotaxonomic importance from stromata of fungi from the family Xylariaceae, we characterized several interesting metabolites in the fungus Annulohypoxylon minutellum. Extraction of the fruiting bodies and purification by preparative HPLC resulted in the isolation of five metabolites. The main compound was identified as the known metabolite hinnulin A (5), while four minor compounds were found to represent previously undescribed azaphilones, named minutellins A - D (1-4)...
February 16, 2017: Phytochemistry
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