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Palliative surgery for gastric cancer

Xuefeng Yu, Fulan Hu, Chunfeng Li, Qiang Yao, Hongfeng Zhang, Yingwei Xue
Background and objectives: The dismal prognosis of gastric cancer patients is a global problem. We aim to evaluate the clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors of proximal and distal gastric cancer. Materials and methods: Gastric cancer cases diagnosed and treated at the same surgical unit between 2007 and 2010 were reviewed. Follow-up data from all patients were collected for at least 5 years until 2015. A total of 964 patients were studied (distal gastric cancer [DG], n=777 and proximal gastric cancer [PG], n=187)...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Ruizeng Dong, Zewei Zhang, Yiming Zhou, Yonghong Hua, Jianmin Guo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the surgical treatment and prognosis of Borrmann type IIII( gastric cancer involving the whole stomach. METHODS: Clinicopathological characteristics and survival data of 223 patients with Borrmann type IIII( gastric cancer involving the whole stomach (defined as the tumor infiltrating 3 regions of the stomach) receiving surgical treatment at the Department of Abdominal Surgery of Zhejiang Cancer Hospital between January 2002 and December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Yoshio Oka, Kaoru Okada, Hideki Nagata, Shinichi Yoshioka, Shigeyuki Ueshima, Naozumi Higaki, Hirohito Hayashida, Riichiro Nezu
Palliative surgery for advanced gastric cancer with serious symptoms such as hemorrhage or obstruction may be meaningful in the point of improving quality of life(QOL). However, the meaning of palliative gastrojejunostomy for unresectable gastric cancer with obstruction is controversial. We retrospectively evaluated the effectiveness of gastrojejunostomy for unresectable gastric cancer with obstruction using preoperative inflammatory biomarkers. Blood lymphocyte monocyte ratio(LMR), neu- trophill ymphocyte ratio(NLR)and C-reactive protein/albumin ratio(CAR)were analyzed as inflammatory biomarkers in this study...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Jun Shibamoto, Yusuke Takashima, Yukino Kawamura, Maiko Nishida, Mie Onishi, Hidekazu Hiramoto, Fumiaki Ochi, Masahiro Tsujiura, Susumu Nakashima, Junshin Fujiyama, Gaku Nishimura, Mamoru Masuyama
Bleeding and obstruction negativelyimpact qualityof life for patients with unresectable advanced gastric cancer. There are several choices against bleeding and obstruction such as surgery, endoscopic therapy, radiotherapy and interventional radiology. We report on an 85-year-old woman with StageIV gastric cancer with tumor bleeding. Radiation therapyof 30 Gyin 10 fractions was performed. Anyadverse events were not confirmed. Bleeding or obstruction did not occur for 7 months after radiation therapy. Palliative radiation therapy to gastric cancer can be a reasonable option for patients with unsuitable general conditions for surgical intervention...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Q B Tran, R Mizumoto, S Ratnayake, B Strekozov
INTRODUCTION: Silent metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma presenting as appendicitis is very rare. Rare pathologies may be encountered during common operations such as appendicectomy and an awareness of possible alternative pathological entities would be helpful in a surgeon's wealth of knowledge. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63-year-old man presented with a three-day history of acute abdominal pain suggestive of appendicitis. Intra-operatively, a macroscopically inflamed and perforated appendix was found...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Su Hwan Kim, Young Ho Choi, Ji Won Kim, Sohee Oh, Seohui Lee, Byeong Gwan Kim, Kook Lae Lee
Patients with peritoneal metastases (PM) are generally considered incurable; therefore, the presence of PM is a critical factor in deciding between palliative surgery and curative resection as a therapeutic strategy. Previous studies have not determined the predictive value of ascites detected on computed tomography (CT) for the presence of PM. We aimed to analyze the factors that are associated with PM in patients with CT-detected ascites.A total of 2207 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with gastric cancer between 2004 and 2013 were identified...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Weon Jin Ko, Yoo Min Kim, In Kyung Yoo, Joo Young Cho
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) with laparoscopic sentinel lymph node dissection (ESN) and endoscopic full-thickness gastric resection with laparoscopic sentinel lymph node dissection (Hybrid-natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, Hybrid-NOTES) are minimally invasive treatment options for early gastric cancer (EGC) beyond the indications of ESD. This study aimed to evaluate the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of ESN and Hybrid-NOTES. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients who had undergone ESN or Hybrid-NOTES for EGC from January 2009 to March 2013...
February 20, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
L De Cicco, F Crivelli, P Beretta, E Gjoni, A Merlotti, A Starace, G Marzaroli, F Pasta, T Zurleni, A Aguzzi, C Calandra, S Bracelli
Gastric metastasis by solid tumor cancer is a rare event. Concomitant metastases to other organs are frequent, so that this condition is often associated to a poor prognosis. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia are the most common presenting symptoms. We present the case of a 81 years old women previously treated for cervix carcinoma showing later a stomach metastasis. The patient is alive and disease free 39 months after salvage gastrectomy. A radical surgery in selected patients could be useful for symptom palliation and prolonged survival...
December 2017: Pathologica
Tadafumi Asaoka, Atsushi Miyamoto, Sakae Maeda, Naoki Hama, Masanori Tsujie, Masataka Ikeda, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Shoji Nakamori
BACKGROUND: In general, para-aortic lymph node (LN16) metastasis has been considered as a contraindication for pancreatic resection. However, some pancreatic cancer patients with LN16 metastasis have been reported to survive for longer than expected after pancreatectomy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether pancreatic cancer patients with LN16 metastasis might benefit from surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 201 consecutive patients with invasive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent surgery at Osaka National Hospital between April 2003 and December 2012...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Katsumi Shimomura, Yuki Furuke, Yukie Tanaka, Tatsuya Kumano, Syuhei Komatsu, Kenichiro Imura, Jun Ikeda, Fumihiro Taniguchi, Yasuhiro Shioaki, Yoshikazu Nakatsugawa
Nearly 70% of gastric cancer recurrences occur as peritoneal dissemination. Most of the treatment for recurrence of gastric cancer dissemination is chemotherapy; depending on the symptoms and the site of recurrence, palliative bypass surgery may be performed. Intensive treatment is often difficult for elderly patients over 85-years-old. This case was a 91-year-old female who underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer(signet-ring cell carcinoma)7years prior. Two years ago, a stenosis due to recurrence was revealed in the small intestine and bypass surgery was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yoko Inaba, Maiko Fujita, Riki Ninomiya, Daijo Hashimoto
Gastric mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma(MANEC)with multiple liver metastases is a rare condition with most data being derived from case reports. We present a case with liver metastases from gastric MANEC that respond remarkably to chemotherapy. Sixty-one-year-old male with severe anemia referred to surgical consultation due to advanced gastric cancer with multiple liver metastases. To relieve uncontrollable tumor bleeding, simple distal gastrectomy for symptom palliation was performed. Based on the tentative diagnosis with gastric poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, a course of TS-1 and oxaliplatin therapy was administrated...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Young Jin Choi, Dae Hoon Kim, Hye Suk Han, Joung-Ho Han, Seung-Myoung Son, Dong Soo Kim, Hyo Yung Yun
Bone metastasis is a rare event in patients with gastric cancer, but pathologic fracture, paralysis, pain and hematological disorders associated with the bone metastasis may influence the quality of life. We report herein the case of a 53-year-old man who presented with primary remnant gastric cancer with bone metastasis. The patient requested further investigations after detection of a metastatic lesion in the 2nd lumbar vertebra during evaluation for back pain that had persisted for 3 mo. No other metastatic lesions were detected...
January 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Natalie Coburn, Roxanne Cosby, Laz Klein, Gregory Knight, Richard Malthaner, Joseph Mamazza, C Dale Mercer, Jolie Ringash
BACKGROUND: Gastric adenocarcinoma accounted for 6.8% of new cancer cases and 8.8% of cancer deaths worldwide in 2012. Although resection is the cornerstone for cure, several aspects of surgical intervention remain controversial or sub-optimally applied at the population level. These include staging, extent of lymph node dissection (LND), optimal requirements of LN assessment, minimum resection margins, surgical technique (laparoscopic vs. open), relationship between surgical volumes and patient outcomes, and resection of stage IV gastric cancer...
February 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Jang Ho Cho, Jae Yun Lim, Ah Ran Choi, Sung Min Choi, Jong Won Kim, Seung Ho Choi, Jae Yong Cho
[This corrects the article on p. 697 in vol. 47.].
January 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Hui Li, Xiangyu Jin, Peng Liu, Wei Hong
Local recurrence is common after radical surgery. However, the factors that contribute to survival after local recurrence remain unclear. In this retrospective study we analyzed the relationship between time to recurrence and survival after recurrence in 74 patients with locally recurrent gastric cancer. All patients received palliative radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. The patients were divided into two groups according to the time between gastrectomy and local recurrence: early local recurrence (ELR, < 12 months after primary surgery), and late local recurrence (LLR, ≥12 months after primary surgery)...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
Hua Xiao, Min Ma, Yanping Xiao, Yongzhong Ouyang, Ming Tang, Kunyan Zhou, Yuan Hong, Bo Tang, Chaohui Zuo
The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the morbidity, mortality, and survival rates of extended multiorgan resection (EMR) for locally advanced gastric cancer patients compared to gastrectomy alone and a palliative operation. 893 locally advanced gastric cancer patients without distant metastasis had surgery including gastrectomy alone (GA group, n = 798), EMR resection (EMR group, n = 75), and palliative operation (palliative gastrectomy or gastrojejunostomy (PO group, n = 20)). Postoperative mortality and complication rates in the EMR group were significantly higher than in the GA group (2...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Kavita Agrawal, Flores Alfonso
An 80-year-old male presented with dyspnea on exertion for at least two months. He also complained of progressive dysphagia and weight loss of 35 pounds over the last eight months. Initial blood tests showed hemoglobin of 6.1 g/dl, reticulocytes count of 19.7%, total bilirubin of 3.2 mg/dl, lactate dehydrogenase of 600 U/L, and haptoglobin of less than 8 mg/dl, and direct Coombs test was positive for warm immunoglobulin G. The impression was autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). The evaluation of dysphagia with esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a single irregular 4 cm malignant appearing ulcerated mass at the incisura angularis of the stomach...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Alexandre Gosselin-Tardif, Jessica Lie, Ioana Nicolau, Juan Carlos Molina, Jonathan Cools-Lartigue, Liane Feldman, Jonathan Spicer, Carmen Mueller, Lorenzo Ferri
PURPOSE: Despite evidence of oncologic benefits from extended (D2) lymphadenectomy in gastric cancer from many East Asian studies, there is persistent debate over its use in the West, mainly due to perceived high rates of morbidity and mortality. This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of D2 dissection in a high-volume North American center. METHODS: A prospectively entered database of all patients undergoing gastrectomy for cancer at a North American referral center from 2005 to 2016 was reviewed...
March 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
N Coburn, R Cosby, L Klein, G Knight, R Malthaner, J Mamazza, C D Mercer, J Ringash
BACKGROUND: Resection is the cornerstone of cure for gastric adenocarcinoma; however, several aspects of surgical intervention remain controversial or are suboptimally applied at a population level, including staging, extent of lymphadenectomy (lnd), minimum number of lymph nodes that have to be assessed, gross resection margins, use of minimally invasive surgery, and relationship of surgical volumes with patient outcomes and resection in stage iv gastric cancer. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted in databases including medline (up to 10 June 2016), embase (up to week 24 of 2016), the Cochrane Library and various other practice guideline sites and guideline developer Web sites...
October 2017: Current Oncology
Changhua Zhuo, Mingang Ying, Ruirong Lin, Xianyi Wu, Shen Guan, Chunkang Yang
Negative lymph node (NLN) count has been validated as a protective predictor in various cancers after radical resection. However, the prognostic value of NLN count in the setting of stage IV gastric cancer patients who have received palliative resection has not been investigated. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER)-registered gastric cancer patients were used for analysis in this study. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and multivariate Cox proportional hazards model were used to assess the risk factors for patients' survivals...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
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