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copper her

C Vayssière, A Gaudineau, L Attali, K Bettahar, S Eyraud, P Faucher, P Fournet, D Hassoun, M Hatchuel, C Jamin, B Letombe, T Linet, M Msika Razon, A Ohanessian, H Segain, S Vigoureux, N Winer, S Wylomanski, A Agostini
OBJECTIVE: Develop recommendations for the practice of induced abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign Gyn-Obs societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: The number of induced abortions (IA) has been stable for several decades. There are a lot of factors explaining the choice of abortion when there is an unplanned pregnancy (UPP). Early initiation and choice of contraception in connection to the woman's life are associated with lower NSP...
November 3, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Yang Yang, Di Xu, Qingyong Wu, Peng Diao
Solar powered hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is one of the key reactions in solar-to-chemical energy conversion. It is desirable to develop photocathodic materials that exhibit high activity toward photoelectrochemical (PEC) HER at more positive potentials because a higher potential means a lower overpotential for HER. In this work, the Cu2O/CuO bilayered composites were prepared by a facile method that involved an electrodeposition and a subsequent thermal oxidation. The resulting Cu2O/CuO bilayered composites exhibited a surprisingly high activity and good stability toward PEC HER, expecially at high potentials in alkaline solution...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jialei Du, Jianying Wang, Lvlv Ji, Xiaoxiang Xu, Zuofeng Chen
Although significant progress has been made recently, copper-based materials had long been considered to be ineffective catalysts toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), in most cases, requiring high overpotentials more than 300 mV. We report here that a Cu(0)-based nanoparticle film electrodeposited in situ from a Cu(II) oxime complex can act as a highly active and robust HER electrocatalyst in neutral phosphate buffer solution. The as-prepared nanoparticle film is of poor crystallization, which incorporates significant amounts of oxime ligand residues and buffer anions PO43-...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chang Ho Hwang, Dong Jin Park, Gyu Yeol Kim
A 58-year-old woman, who had undergone total gastrectomy for early gastric cancer 9 years previously, visited the outpatient clinic complaining of progressive difficulty in walking for 15 d. Laboratory examinations showed macrocytic anemia and a decreased serum vitamin B12 concentration and increased serum concentrations of folate, vitamin E and copper. Magnetic resonance imaging showed multifocal high signal intensities along the posterior column of the cervical and thoracic spinal cord. Treatment consisted of intramuscular injections of vitamin B12 for 7 d, which increased her serum level of vitamin B12 to normal...
October 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Bhupender Kumar Bajaj, Ankur Wadhwa, Richa Singh, Saurabh Gupta
Wilson's disease is a multisystem disorder which manifests with hepatic, neurological, musculoskeletal, hematological, renal, and cardiac symptoms. The hepatic and neurological manifestations often overshadow the other system involvement including cardiac symptoms and signs, which may prove fatal. We report a case of a young female who presented with progressive parkinsonian features and dystonia for around 4 months followed 2 months later by the complaint of episodes of light-headedness. She was diagnosed to have Wilson's disease based on the presence of Kayser-Fleischer ring and laboratory parameters of copper metabolism...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Rieko Motooka, Shinji Yamamoto
We report a 39-year-old woman with slowly progressive spastic gait and paresthesia in the lower extremities. Cervical spinal MRI revealed high intensity in the dorsal column from vertebrae C2 to C7. Laboratory findings showed normal vitamin B12 and low serum copper level. By lifestyle history taking, we noticed her extreme unbalanced diet of having 15-20 oysters everyday over 5 years. Then we considered that zinc excess caused copper deficiency myelopathy. We needed to pay attention to copper and zinc level if the patient has a symptom resembling subacute combined degeneration of spinal cord with normal serum vitamin B12...
September 16, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Chun-Chao Hou, Qian-Qian Chen, Chuan-Jun Wang, Fei Liang, Zheshuai Lin, Wen-Fu Fu, Yong Chen
There has been strong and growing interest in the development of cost-effective and highly active oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalysts for alternative fuels utilization and conversion devices. We report herein that semimetallic Cu3P nanoarrays directly grown on 3D copper foam (CF) substrate can function as effective electrocatalysts for water oxidation. Specifically, the surface oxidation-activated Cu3P only required a relatively low overpotential of 412 mV to achieve a current density of 50 mA cm(-2) and displayed a small Tafel slope of 63 mV dec(-1) in 0...
September 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shengsheng Cui, Manman Qian, Xiang Liu, Zijun Sun, Pingwu Du
Scalable and robust catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) are required for the implementation of water splitting technologies as a globally applicable method of producing renewable hydrogen. Herein, we report nitrogen-enriched porous carbon materials containing copper/copper oxide, derived from copper porphyrin-based conjugated mesoporous polymers (CMPs), as a bifunctional catalyst for both HER and OER. These catalysts have a high surface area, unique tubular structure, and strong synergistic effect of copper/copper oxide and porous carbons, resulting in excellent performance for water splitting...
September 8, 2016: ChemSusChem
Arindam Pramanik, Dipranjan Laha, Sandeep Kumar Dash, Sourav Chattopadhyay, Somenath Roy, Dipak Kumar Das, Panchanan Pramanik, Parimal Karmakar
We have developed a strategy for targeted delivery of metal-diketo complex, "bis(2,4-pentanedionato) copper(II)" to breast cancer cells both in-vitro and in-vivo. This metal-organic complex induced ROS and subsequently DNA damage as well as mitochondrial membrane depolarization was observed. The mitochondria rupture further triggered apoptosis. For in-vitro targeting strategies, two different approaches were employed, folic acid or her-2 specific peptide (KCCYSL) was attached to stearic acid-modified polymeric Chitosan nanoparticles loaded with metal-organic complex "bis(2,4-pentanedionato)copper(II)"...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Karen M Doherty, Joanne Shields, Raeburn Forbes, Moyra Gray, Seamus Kearney, Alexander P Maxwell, John McKinley
A woman aged 22 years presented with a 3-year history of jerks when brushing her teeth and a tremor when carrying drinks. Examination revealed a bilateral jerky tremor, stimulus-sensitive myoclonus, and difficulty with tandem gait. Thyroid and liver function test results were normal, but she had rapidly progressive renal failure. Serum copper, ceruloplasmin, and manganese levels were normal, but her urinary copper level was elevated on 2 occasions. Pathological findings on organ biopsy prompted genetic testing to confirm the diagnosis...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Neurology
James B Otis, Hong Zong, Alina Kotylar, Anna Yin, Somnath Bhattacharjee, Han Wang, James R Baker, Su He Wang
Although many breast and lung cancers overexpress human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2), no methods currently exist for effective and early detection of HER-2-positive cancers. To address this issue, we designed and synthesized dendrimer-based novel nano-imaging agents that contain gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and gadolinium (Gd), conjugated with the humanized anti-HER-2 antibody (Herceptin). Generation 5 (G5) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers were selected as the backbone for the nano-imaging agents due to their unique size, high ratio of surface functional groups and bio-functionality...
June 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Merle Kügler, Julius Scholz, Andreas Kronz, Inke Siewert
Herein, we report the synthesis and species distribution of copper(ii) complexes based on two different ligand scaffolds and the application of the two complexes in the electrochemical proton reduction catalysis. The ligands bind to one or two copper(II) ions and the pH-dependent mono/dinuclear equilibrium depends on the steric bulk of the ligands. The two water soluble copper(II) complexes were investigated for their activities in the electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). In both complexes the copper(ii) ions have a N4-coordination environment composed of N-heterocycles, although in different coordination geometries (SPY-5 and TBPY-5)...
April 28, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jakub Tymoczko, Federico Calle-Vallejo, Wolfgang Schuhmann, Aliaksandr S Bandarenka
Although the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is one of the fastest electrocatalytic reactions, modern polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolysers require larger platinum loadings (∼0.5-1.0 mg cm(-2)) than those in PEM fuel cell anodes and cathodes altogether (∼0.5 mg cm(-2)). Thus, catalyst optimization would help in substantially reducing the costs for hydrogen production using this technology. Here we show that the activity of platinum(111) electrodes towards HER is significantly enhanced with just monolayer amounts of copper...
2016: Nature Communications
Yuna Rapoport, Patrick J M Lavin
A 47-year-old woman developed severe bilateral visual loss 4 years after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and 24 years after vertical banded gastroplasty. Her serum copper level was 35 μg/dL (normal, 80-155 μg/dL). She was prescribed elemental copper tablets. Because her methylmalonic acid was slightly elevated, she received vitamin B12 injections as well. Five weeks later, she reported that her vision had improved and, at 10 months, her vision had recovered from 20/400 bilaterally to 20/25 in each eye. This case highlights the importance of checking copper levels in addition to the "more routine" vitamin levels, such as B1, B6, B12, E, and serum folate in patients with suspected nutritional optic neuropathy after bariatric surgery, particularly if it involved a bypass procedure...
June 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Yi Shen, Aik Chong Lua, Jingyu Xi, Xinping Qiu
Developing cost-effective and efficient hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalysts for hydrogen production is of paramount importance to attain a sustainable energy future. Reported herein is a novel three-dimensional hierarchical architectured electrocatalyst, consisting of platinum-copper-nickel nanoparticles-decorated carbon nanofiber arrays, which are conformally assembled on carbon felt fabrics (PtCuNi/CNF@CF) by an ambient-pressure chemical vapor deposition coupled with a spontaneous galvanic replacement reaction...
February 10, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hidetaka Hamasaki, Yu Takeuchi, Yoshinori Masui, Yasuyuki Ohta, Koji Abe, Hiide Yoshino, Hidekatsu Yanai
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are caused by the mutations in the copper (Cu) / zinc (Zn) superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene. SOD1 has been reported to play a critical role in glucose metabolism in yeast and cell models, and mice. However, effects of SOD1 for glucose metabolism in humans remain unknown. A 72-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital due to hyperglycemia. She showed severe muscle atrophy and visceral fat accumulation due to ALS. Her serum free fatty acids levels elevated and serum Cu and Zn levels decreased...
2015: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Salih Boga, Dhanpat Jain, Michael L Schilsky
BACKGROUND: Wilson disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of human copper metabolism characterized by copper accumulation in the liver due to impaired excretion of copper into the bile. Brain accumulation of copper may cause neuropsychiatric symptoms. Trientine (triethylenetetramine dihydrochloride) is a copper-chelating agent used to treat patients with WD. Trientine has been considered an option for initial treatment and maintentance therapy of WD due to its safety profile...
2015: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
Rakesh Prasad, Barney Hawthorne, Dharmaraj Durai, Ian McDowell
A 65-year-old woman with Crohn's disease, who had been on home parenteral nutrition for many years, presented with perioral paraesthesia and a burning sensation in the mouth. Initial blood tests including serum ferritin, vitamin B12 and folate, were normal apart from mild pancytopaenia. Serum copper was low, in spite of receiving regular copper in her parenteral feeds. The copper in her parenteral feeds was increased initially, but when it did not improve, she was started on weekly intravenous copper infusions...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
Hyun Joo Lee, Won Joon Seong, Seong Yeon Hong, Jin Young Bae
Wilson's disease is an inherited disease of copper metabolism leading to the toxic accumulation of copper, primarily in the liver and brain. Although the literature shows successful outcomes after proper treatment, pregnant patients with Wilson's disease still need close monitoring and management. Here, we report the case of a successful pregnancy in a Korean woman with Wilson's disease. A 33-year-old primigravid patient with Wilson's disease visited our antenatal clinic. Of her own volition, she had stopped her medication 2 years earlier...
September 2015: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Kengo Kawai, Yoshinari Atarashi, Terumi Takahara, Hiroshi Kudo, Kazuto Tajiri, Yoshiharu Tokimitsu, Yasuhiro Nakayama, Katsuharu Hirano, Yutaka Yata, Masami Minemura, Satoshi Yasumura, Yasuharu Onishi, Kazuhiro Tsukada, Koichi Tsuneyama, Yasuo Takano, Toshiro Sugiyama
We encountered a patient with previously well-controlled Wilson disease who experienced fulminant hepatic failure with hemolytic anemia, possibly caused by the dietary supplement Health Proportion(®) (Jubilant Co., Ltd., Ehime, Japan). A 21-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with marked liver dysfunction and severe hemolytic anemia. Free serum copper level was elevated at 101 μg/dl, and urinary copper excretion was extremely increased (25,600 μg/day). Plasma exchange and continuous hemodiafiltration were performed to remove serum copper and to treat the hemolytic anemia...
April 2009: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
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