keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

muscle stem cells

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449193/phase-i-trial-of-intrathecal-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-neural-progenitors-in-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Violaine K Harris, James Stark, Tamara Vyshkina, Leslie Blackshear, Gloria Joo, Valentina Stefanova, Gabriel Sara, Saud A Sadiq
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated demyelinating disease of the central nervous system and is one of the leading causes of disability in young adults. Cell therapy is emerging as a therapeutic strategy to promote repair and regeneration in patients with disability associated with progressive MS. METHODS: We conducted a phase I open-label clinical trial investigating the safety and tolerability of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived neural progenitor (MSC-NP) treatment in 20 patients with progressive MS...
February 3, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444715/porcine-wharton-s-jelly-cells-distribute-throughout-the-body-after-intraperitoneal-injection
#2
Kreeson Packthongsuk, Theresa Rathbun, Deryl Troyer, Duane L Davis
BACKGROUND: Wharton's jelly cells (WJCs) have multiple differentiation potentials and are easily harvested in large numbers. WJCs are well tolerated in allogeneic environments and there is a growing list of their therapeutic effects. Most therapies require administering large numbers of cells and this is generally accomplished by intravenous injection. Here, we studied the locations of porcine WJCs in immune-competent, allogeneic hosts after intraperitoneal (IP) injection. METHODS: Male porcine WJCs were administered to female neonatal piglets by IP injection...
February 14, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442539/platelets-in-wound-healing-and-regenerative-medicine
#3
Julia Etulain
Although platelets are widely recognized as having a critical role in primary hemostasis and thrombosis, increasing experimental and clinical evidence identifies these enucleated cells as relevant modulators of other physiopathological processes including inflammation and tissue regeneration. These phenomena are mediated through the release of growth factors, cytokines, and extracellular matrix modulators that sequentially promote (i) revascularization of damaged tissue through the induction of migration, proliferation, differentiation, and stabilization of endothelial cells in new blood vessels; (ii) restoration of damaged connective tissue through migration, proliferation, and activation of fibroblasts; and (iii) proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into tissue-specific cell types...
February 14, 2018: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442325/zic-family-proteins-in-emerging-biomedical-studies
#4
Jun Aruga
Zic family proteins have been investigated in various biomedical studies. Here we summarize the contact points between Zic proteins and recent medical research. The topics cover a wide range, reflecting the pleiotropic roles of these proteins in early embryogenesis and organogenesis. Zic1, Zic2, and Zic3 proteins play important roles in the development of axial and limb bones, and of muscles, among the derivatives of the notochord and somites. Zic1 is involved in bone's response to mechanical stress, and it also serves as a marker specific for brown adipocytes...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442318/lophotrochozoan-zic-genes
#5
Jun Aruga
Lophotrochozoa is a sister taxon of Ecdysozoa in the Protostomia that includes mollusks, annelids, brachiopods, and platyhelminths. Recent studies have clarified the structure, expression, and roles of lophotrochozoan Zic family genes. Zic genes in oligochaete annelid Tubifex tubifex (freshwater sludge worm) and polychaete annelid Capitella teleta (bristle worm) are commonly expressed in a subset of developing brain and mesoderm derivatives. The latter includes the naïve mesoderm and the associated chaetal sacs in each body segment, although the segmentation processes differ between the two species...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441951/lncrna-hulc-promotes-epithelial-and-smooth-muscle-like-differentiation-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-by-upregulation-of-bmp9
#6
Yongwei Li, Zhengfei Shan, Bin Yang, Diandong Yang, Changping Men, Yuanshan Cui, Jitao Wu
AIMS: Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), a source of mesenchymal stem cells, are able to differentiate into numerous cell lineages, including epithelial and smooth muscle cells. The use of ADSCs in tissue engineering technology has become the most promising therapeutic approach for urethral reconstruction. This study aimed to explore the effect of lncRNA highly upregulated in liver cancer (HULC) on the induction of ADSCs to differentiate into epithelial and smooth-muscle-like cells. METHODS: ADSCs were isolated from a male dog, and the expression of HULC in ADSCs was overexpressed by transfection with HULC expressing vector lentivirus...
January 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440680/an-allogeneic-off-the-shelf-therapeutic-strategy-for-peripheral-nerve-tissue-engineering-using-clinical-grade-human-neural-stem-cells
#7
C O'Rourke, A G E Day, C Murray-Dunning, L Thanabalasundaram, J Cowan, L Stevanato, N Grace, G Cameron, R A L Drake, J Sinden, J B Phillips
Artificial tissues constructed from therapeutic cells offer a promising approach for improving the treatment of severe peripheral nerve injuries. In this study the effectiveness of using CTX0E03, a conditionally immortalised human neural stem cell line, as a source of allogeneic cells for constructing living artificial nerve repair tissue was tested. CTX0E03 cells were differentiated then combined with collagen to form engineered neural tissue (EngNT-CTX), stable aligned sheets of cellular hydrogel. EngNT-CTX sheets were delivered within collagen tubes to repair a 12 mm sciatic nerve injury model in athymic nude rats...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434311/directed-differentiation-of-adult-liver-derived-mesenchymal-like-stem-cells-into-functional-hepatocytes
#8
Xiaobei Luo, Kapish Gupta, Abhishek Ananthanarayanan, Zenan Wang, Lei Xia, Aimin Li, Rashidah Binte Sakban, Side Liu, Hanry Yu
Shortage of functional hepatocytes hampers drug safety testing and therapeutic applications because mature hepatocytes cannot be expanded and maintain functions in vitro. Recent studies have reported that liver progenitor cells can originate from mature hepatocytes in vivo. Derivation of proliferating progenitor cells from mature hepatocytes, and re-differentiation into functional hepatocytes in vitro has not been successful. Here we report the derivation of novel mesenchymal-like stem cells (arHMSCs) from adult rat hepatocytes...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434258/rationally-designed-synthetic-protein-hydrogels-with-predictable-mechanical-properties
#9
Junhua Wu, Pengfei Li, Chenling Dong, Heting Jiang, Bin Xue, Xiang Gao, Meng Qin, Wei Wang, Bin Chen, Yi Cao
Designing synthetic protein hydrogels with tailored mechanical properties similar to naturally occurring tissues is an eternal pursuit in tissue engineering and stem cell and cancer research. However, it remains challenging to correlate the mechanical properties of protein hydrogels with the nanomechanics of individual building blocks. Here we use single-molecule force spectroscopy, protein engineering and theoretical modeling to prove that the mechanical properties of protein hydrogels are predictable based on the mechanical hierarchy of the cross-linkers and the load-bearing modules at the molecular level...
February 12, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433739/stem-cells-seen-through-the-foxo-lens-an-evolving-paradigm
#10
Raymond Liang, Saghi Ghaffari
Stem cells self-renew and differentiate to generate all tissues and cells in the body. Stem cell health promotes adaptive responses to tissue damage or loss and is essential for tissue regeneration with age. In the past decade, the evolutionarily conserved transcription factors FOXO with known functions in promoting healthy aging have emerged as key regulators of stem cell homeostasis in various tissues, including blood, neural, and muscle stem cells. Aberrant FOXO functions have been implicated in a variety of disorders including neurodegenerative, blood, cancer, and diabetes some of which are fostered by abnormal stem cell function...
2018: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433563/therapeutic-effect-of-human-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-injured-rat-endometrium-during-its-chronic-phase
#11
Lu Zhang, Ying Li, Chun-Yi Guan, Shi Tian, Xiao-Dan Lv, Jian-Hui Li, Xu Ma, Hong-Fei Xia
BACKGROUND: Repair deficiency after endometrial injury is an important reason for intra-uterine adhesions, amenorrhea, and infertility in females. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation is effective in repairing the damaged endometrium. However, the possibility of using umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) to treat endometrial injury is rarely reported. METHODS: Ethanol (95%) was injected into rat uterus to establish a model of endometrial injury...
February 13, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429962/the-satellite-cell-niche-regulates-the-balance-between-myoblast-differentiation-and-self-renewal-via-p53
#12
Valentina Flamini, Rachel S Ghadiali, Philipp Antczak, Amy Rothwell, Jeremy E Turnbull, Addolorata Pisconti
Satellite cells are adult muscle stem cells residing in a specialized niche that regulates their homeostasis. How niche-generated signals integrate to regulate gene expression in satellite cell-derived myoblasts is poorly understood. We undertook an unbiased approach to study the effect of the satellite cell niche on satellite cell-derived myoblast transcriptional regulation and identified the tumor suppressor p53 as a key player in the regulation of myoblast quiescence. After activation and proliferation, a subpopulation of myoblasts cultured in the presence of the niche upregulates p53 and fails to differentiate...
February 6, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429571/ndufb8-mutations-cause-mitochondrial-complex-i-deficiency-in-individuals-with-leigh-like-encephalomyopathy
#13
Dorota Piekutowska-Abramczuk, Zahra Assouline, Lavinija Mataković, René G Feichtinger, Eliška Koňařiková, Elżbieta Jurkiewicz, Piotr Stawiński, Mirjana Gusic, Andreas Koller, Agnieszka Pollak, Piotr Gasperowicz, Joanna Trubicka, Elżbieta Ciara, Katarzyna Iwanicka-Pronicka, Dariusz Rokicki, Sylvain Hanein, Saskia B Wortmann, Wolfgang Sperl, Agnès Rötig, Holger Prokisch, Ewa Pronicka, Rafał Płoski, Giulia Barcia, Johannes A Mayr
Respiratory chain complex I deficiency is the most frequently identified biochemical defect in childhood mitochondrial diseases. Clinical symptoms range from fatal infantile lactic acidosis to Leigh syndrome and other encephalomyopathies or cardiomyopathies. To date, disease-causing variants in genes coding for 27 complex I subunits, including 7 mitochondrial DNA genes, and in 11 genes encoding complex I assembly factors have been reported. Here, we describe rare biallelic variants in NDUFB8 encoding a complex I accessory subunit revealed by whole-exome sequencing in two individuals from two families...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428718/synergistic-effects-of-simvastatin-and-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-hepatic-fibrosis
#14
Yoon Ok Jang, Sung Hoon Kim, Mee-Yon Cho, Kyung Sik Kim, Kyu-Sang Park, Seung-Kuy Cha, Moon Young Kim, Sei Jin Chang, Soon Koo Baik
The beneficial effects of simvastatin on fibrosis in various organs have been reported. In addition, bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been suggested as an effective therapy for hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis. Recent evidence suggests that pharmacological treatment devoted to regulating stem cell function is a potential new therapeutic strategy that is drawing nearer to clinical practice. The aim of this study was to determine whether the combination treatment of simvastatin plus MSCs (Sim-MSCs) could have a synergistic effect on hepatic fibrosis in a thioacetamide (TAA)-induced cirrhotic rat model and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs)...
February 8, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422210/pathophysiology-of-placental-derived-fetal-growth-restriction
#15
REVIEW
Graham J Burton, Eric Jauniaux
Placental-related fetal growth restriction arises primarily due to deficient remodeling of the uterine spiral arteries supplying the placenta during early pregnancy. The resultant malperfusion induces cell stress within the placental tissues, leading to selective suppression of protein synthesis and reduced cell proliferation. These effects are compounded in more severe cases by increased infarction and fibrin deposition. Consequently, there is a reduction in villous volume and surface area for maternal-fetal exchange...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420637/isolation-and-characterization-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-human-fetus-heart
#16
Venkata Naga Srikanth Garikipati, Saurabh Pratap Singh, Yamuna Mohanram, Ashwani Kumar Gupta, Deepa Kapoor, Soniya Nityanand
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising cells for cardiovascular regenerative medicine. However, their potential may be limited, because of their restricted cardiovascular differentiation potential and decline in their number and functional characteristics with increasing donor age. We have previously shown that rat fetus heart harbors primitive MSCs and administration of these cells improved left ventricular (LV) function after ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. To evaluate their potential as a new cell type for clinical cardiovascular cell therapy, we have undertaken this study on the isolation and characterization of human fetal cardiac MSCs (hfC-MSCs)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419805/hypoxia-enhances-differentiation-of-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-toward-the-smooth-muscle-phenotype
#17
Fang Wang, Vladimir Zachar, Cristian Pablo Pennisi, Trine Fink, Yasuko Maeda, Jeppe Emmersen
Smooth muscle differentiated adipose tissue-derived stem cells are a valuable resource for regeneration of gastrointestinal tissues, such as the gut and sphincters. Hypoxia has been shown to promote adipose tissue-derived stem cells proliferation and maintenance of pluripotency, but the influence of hypoxia on their smooth myogenic differentiation remains unexplored. This study investigated the phenotype and contractility of adipose-derived stem cells differentiated toward the smooth myogenic lineage under hypoxic conditions...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414414/generation-of-gzkhqi001-a-and-gzwwti001-a-two-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-lines-derived-from-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-patients
#18
Xie Yuhuan, Xie Yingjun, Xue Yanting, Chen Yuchang, Song Bing, Li Shaoying, Li Haoxian, Xian Yexing, Ouyang Shuming, Xiong Zeyu, Sun Xiaofang
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked disease caused by mutations in the DMD gene, which spans ~2.4Mb of genomic sequence at locus Xp21. This mutation results in the loss of the protein dystrophin. DMD patients die in their second or third decade due to either respiratory failure or cardiomyopathy, as the absence of dystrophin leads to myofiber membrane fragility and necrosis, eventually resulting in muscle atrophy and contractures. Currently, there is no effective treatment for DMD, therefore induced pluripotent stem cells from DMD patients would be a powerful tool for studying disease mechanisms...
January 31, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412738/reciprocity-of-action-of-increasing-oct4-and-repressing-p53-in-transdifferentiation-of-mouse-embryonic-fibroblasts-into-cardiac-myocytes
#19
Hongran Wang, Shuying Zhao, Michelle Barton, Todd Rosengart, Austin J Cooney
p53 is a barrier to somatic cell reprogramming. Deletion or transient suppression of p53 increases the efficiency of reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells. Whether p53 represents an obstacle to a similar process transdifferentiation of somatic cells is unknown. However, it is predicted that inhibition of p53 would promote transdifferentiation of fibroblasts into cardiomyocytes. In this study, the effect of p53 on the capacity of cardiogenic transdifferentiation is evaluated using p53 wild-type (p53+/+), p53 heterozygous mutant (p53+/-), and p53 homozygous mutant (p53-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs)...
February 2018: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411064/botulinum-toxin-type-a-assessing-the-effects-on-the-brain-stem
#20
Cemile Merve Seymen, Serhan Tuncer, M Suhan Ayhan, Cigdem Elmas
BACKGROUND: In this study, our aim is to investigate the possible effects of Botulinum toxin type A administrations in the early and late periods on the brain stem. METHODS: Eighteen white New Zealand rabbits were used in this study with the subjects being divided into three groups. Group I received 0.05 mL sterile saline to the left anterior auricular muscles. Group II and III were injected with Botulinum toxin type A (Botox, Allergan) to the left anterior auricular muscles...
February 6, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
keyword
keyword
117179
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"