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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636430/when-is-embryonic-arrest-broken-in-turtle-eggs
#1
Sean A Williamson, Roger G Evans, Richard D Reina
Turtle embryos enter a state of arrested development in the oviduct, allowing the mother greater flexibility in her reproductive schedule. Development recommences once eggs transition from the hypoxic oviduct to the normoxic nest. Significant mortality can occur if turtle eggs are moved between 12 h and 20 d after oviposition, and this is linked to the recommencement of embryonic development. To better understand the timing of developmental arrest and to determine how movement-induced mortality might be avoided, we determined the latency (i...
September 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636350/integrating-a-semi-transparent-fullerene-free-organic-solar-cell-in-tandem-with-a-bivo4-photoanode-for-unassisted-solar-water-splitting
#2
Yuelin Peng, Gokul V Govindaraju, Dong Ki Lee, Kyoung-Shin Choi, Trisha L Andrew
We report an unassisted solar water splitting system powered by a diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP)-containing semi-transparent organic solar cell. Two major merits of this fullerene-free solar cell enable its integration with a BiVO4 photoanode. First is the high open circuit voltage and high fill factor displayed by this single junction solar cell, which yields sufficient power to effect water splitting when serially-connected to an appropriate electrode/catalyst. Second, the wavelength-resolved photoaction spectrum of the DPP-based solar cell has minimal overlap with that of the BiVO4 photoanode, thus ensuring that light collection across these two components can be optimized...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636213/distribution-and-hypoxia-regulation-of-haemocyanin-in-springtails-collembola
#3
S Flachsbarth, M Kruse, T Burmester
Haemocyanin is the copper-containing respiratory protein present in many arthropods. In the hexapods, respiratory proteins had long been considered unnecessary as sufficient O2 was thought to be obtained via the trachea. Nevertheless, many ametabolous and hemimetabolous hexapod species actually possess haemocyanin. Here we investigated the occurrence of haemocyanin in Collembola (springtails). Haemocyanin was found in 22 collembolan species of the suborders Symphypleona, Tomoceroidea and Entomobryomorpha, demonstrating its widespread occurrence...
June 21, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636035/development-of-air-stable-hydrogen-evolution-catalysts
#4
Biswajit Mondal, Abhishek Dey
Obtaining abundant pure hydrogen by reduction of water has an important implication in the development of clean and renewable energy. Hence research focused on the development of non-noble metal based facile and energy efficient catalysts for proton reduction is on the rise. However, for practical utilization, it is necessary that these complexes function unabated in the presence of atmospheric oxygen and other common contaminants in abundant water sources. There has been very little activity towards the development of oxygen-tolerant hydrogen producing catalysts...
June 21, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631791/room-temperature-sintering-of-polar-zno-nanosheets-ii-mechanism
#5
Amparo Fernández-Pérez, Verónica Rodríguez-Casado, Teresa Valdés-Solís, Gregorio Marbán
In a previous work by the authors (A. Fernández-Pérez el al., Room temperature sintering of polar ZnO nanosheets: I-evidence, 2017, DOI: 10.1039/C7CP02306E), polar ZnO nanosheets were stored at room temperature under different atmospheres and the evolution of their textural and crystal properties during storage was followed. It was found that the specific surface area of the nanosheets drastically decreased during storage, with a loss of up to 75%. The ZnO crystals increased in size mainly through the partial merging of their polar surfaces at the expense of narrow mesoporosity, in a process triggered by the action of moisture, oxygen and, in their absence, by light...
June 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631505/methylglyoxal-derived-hydroimidazolone-1-evokes-inflammatory-reactions-in-endothelial-cells-via-an-interaction-with-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products
#6
Yuji Ishibashi, Takanori Matsui, Nobutaka Nakamura, Ami Sotokawauchi, Yuichiro Higashimoto, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi
OBJECTIVE: Glyceraldehyde-derived advanced glycation end products contribute to vascular inflammation in diabetes. However, what advanced glycation end product structure could evoke inflammatory reactions remains unknown. We examined whether and how methylglyoxal-derived hydroimidazolone 1, one of the advanced glycation end products formed from glyceraldehyde, elicits inflammatory reactions in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Glyceraldehyde-advanced glycation end products-aptamer was prepared using a systemic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630166/deficiency-of-phb-complex-impairs-respiratory-supercomplex-formation-and-activates-mitochondrial-flashes
#7
Chongshu Jian, Fengli Xu, Tingting Hou, Tao Sun, Li Jinghang, Heping Cheng, Xianhua Wang
Prohibitins (prohibitin 1, PHB1, and prohibitin 2, PHB2) are evolutionally conserved and ubiquitously expressed mitochondrial protein. PHBs form multimeric ring complexes acting as scaffolds in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Mitochondrial flashes (mitoflashes) are newly discovered mitochondrial signaling events which reflect electrical and chemical excitations of the organelle. Here we investigate possible roles of PHBs in the regulation of mitoflash signaling. Down-regulation of PHBs increases mitoflash frequency by up to 5...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628989/pollutant-removal-and-microorganism-evolution-of-activated-sludge-under-ofloxacin-selection-pressure
#8
Qiang Kong, Xiao He, Yu Feng, Ming-Sheng Miao, Qian Wang, Yuan-da Du, Fei Xu
An activated sludge sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was fed with synthetic wastewater containing ofloxacin (OFL) for 52days to study the overall performance of the SBR, the characteristics of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and the bacterial community shift. Removal efficiencies of chemical oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen, phosphorus and OFL were maintained at 90%, 96%, 80% and 65%, respectively. The EPS contents increased with increasing OFL concentration because more EPS was secreted to protect cells from OFL damage...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627895/electroanalytical-assessment-of-the-effect-of-ni-fe-stoichiometry-and-architectural-expression-on-the-bifunctional-activity-of-nanoscale-niyfe1-yox
#9
Jesse S Ko, Christopher N Chervin, Mallory N Vila, Paul A DeSario, Joseph F Parker, Jeffrey W Long, Debra R Rolison
Electrocatalysis of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was assessed for a series of Ni-substituted ferrites (NiyFe1-yOx, where y = 0.1 to 0.9) as expressed in porous, high-surface-area forms (ambigel and aerogel nanoarchitectures). We then correlate electrocatalytic activity with Ni:Fe stoichiometry as a function of surface area, crystallite size, and free volume. In order to ensure in-series comparisons, calcination at 350 °C/air was necessary to crystallize the respective NiyFe1-yOx nanoarchitectures, which index to the inverse spinel structure for Fe-rich materials (y ≤ 0...
June 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627180/nano-ce2o2s-with-highly-enriched-oxygen-deficient-ce3-sites-supported-by-n-and-s-dual-doped-carbon-as-an-active-oxygen-supply-catalyst-for-oxygen-reduction-reaction
#10
Liu Yang, Zhuang Cai, Liang Hao, Zipeng Xing, Ying Dai, Xin Xu, Siyu Pan, Yaqiang Duan, Jinlong Zou
Design of rare-earth-metal oxide/oxysulfide catalysts with high activity and durability for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is still a grand challenge at present. In this study, Ce-species (Ce2O2S/CeO2)/N, S dual-doped carbon (Ce-species/NSC) catalysts with promising oxygen storage/release capacity are prepared at different temperatures (800-1000 oC) to enhance the ORR efficiency. Mechanisms for the effects of temperature on crystalline phase transition between CeO2 and Ce2O2S and structure evolution of Ce-species/NSCs are inferred to better understand their catalytic activity...
June 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627127/metal-organic-framework-derived-hybrid-carbon-nanocages-as-a-bifunctional-electrocatalyst-for-oxygen-reduction-and-evolution
#11
Shaohong Liu, Zhiyu Wang, Si Zhou, Fengjiao Yu, Mengzhou Yu, Chang-Yang Chiang, Wuzong Zhou, Jijun Zhao, Jieshan Qiu
The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) are cornerstone reactions for many renewable energy technologies. Developing cheap yet durable substitutes of precious-metal catalysts, especially the bifunctional electrocatalysts with high activity for both ORR and OER reactions and their streamlined coupling process, are highly desirable to reduce the processing cost and complexity of renewable energy systems. Here, a facile strategy is reported for synthesizing double-shelled hybrid nanocages with outer shells of Co-N-doped graphitic carbon (Co-NGC) and inner shells of N-doped microporous carbon (NC) by templating against core-shell metal-organic frameworks...
June 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626359/noble-metal-modified-octahedral-anatase-titania-particles-with-enhanced-activity-for-decomposition-of-chemical-and-microbiological-pollutants
#12
Z Wei, M Endo, K Wang, E Charbit, A Markowska-Szczupak, B Ohtani, E Kowalska
Octahedral anatase particles (OAPs) were prepared by hydrothermal (HT) reaction of titanate nanowires (TNWs). OAPs were modified with noble metals (Au, Ag, Cu and Pt) by two photodeposition methods: in the absence and in the initial presence of oxygen in the system. Photocatalytic activities for oxidative decomposition of acetic acid and anaerobic dehydrogenation of methanol under UV/vis irradiation and for oxidation of 2-propanol under visible light irradiation were investigated. Antibacterial activities for bacteria (Escherichia coli) and fungi (Candida albicans) were investigated in the dark and under UV irradiation and/or visible light irradiation...
June 15, 2017: Chemical Engineering Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624475/oxidoreductases-on-their-way-to-industrial-biotransformations
#13
REVIEW
Angel T Martínez, Francisco J Ruiz-Dueñas, Susana Camarero, Ana Serrano, Dolores Linde, Henrik Lund, Jesper Vind, Morten Tovborg, Owik M Herold-Majumdar, Martin Hofrichter, Christiane Liers, René Ullrich, Katrin Scheibner, Giovanni Sannia, Alessandra Piscitelli, Cinzia Pezzella, Mehmet E Sener, Sibel Kılıç, Willem J H van Berkel, Victor Guallar, Maria Fátima Lucas, Ralf Zuhse, Roland Ludwig, Frank Hollmann, Elena Fernández-Fueyo, Eric Record, Craig B Faulds, Marta Tortajada, Ib Winckelmann, Jo-Anne Rasmussen, Mirjana Gelo-Pujic, Ana Gutiérrez, José C Del Río, Jorge Rencoret, Miguel Alcalde
Fungi produce heme-containing peroxidases and peroxygenases, flavin-containing oxidases and dehydrogenases, and different copper-containing oxidoreductases involved in the biodegradation of lignin and other recalcitrant compounds. Heme peroxidases comprise the classical ligninolytic peroxidases and the new dye-decolorizing peroxidases, while heme peroxygenases belong to a still largely unexplored superfamily of heme-thiolate proteins. Nevertheless, basidiomycete unspecific peroxygenases have the highest biotechnological interest due to their ability to catalyze a variety of regio- and stereo-selective monooxygenation reactions with H2O2 as the source of oxygen and final electron acceptor...
June 14, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621134/surfactant-and-binder-free-hierarchical-platinum-nanoarrays-directly-grown-onto-a-carbon-felt-electrode-for-efficient-electrocatalysis
#14
Widya Ernayati Kosimaningrum, Thi-Xuan-Huong Le, Yaovi Holade, Mikhael Bechelany, Sophie Tingry, Buchari Buchari, Indra Noviandri, Christophe Innocent, Marc Cretin
The future of fuel cells that convert the chemical energy to electricity relies mostly on the efficiency of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) due to its sluggish kinetics. By effectively bypassing the use of organic surfactants, post-synthesis steps for the immobilization onto electrodes, the catalytic inks preparation using binders, and the common problem of nanoparticles detachment from supports involved in traditional methodologies, we demonstrate a versatile electrodeposition method for growing anisotropic microstructures directly onto a three-dimensional (3D) carbon felt electrode, using platinum nanoparticles as elementary building blocks...
June 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621128/nitrogen-doped-graphene-on-transition-metal-substrates-as-efficient-bifunctional-catalysts-for-oxygen-reduction-and-oxygen-evolution-reactions
#15
Si Zhou, Nanshu Liu, Zhiyu Wang, Jijun Zhao
Composites of transition metal and carbon based materials are promising bifunctional catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and are widely used in rechargeable metal-air batteries. However, the mechanism of their enhanced bi-catalytic activities remains elusive. Herein we construct N-doped graphene supported by Co(111) and Fe(110) substrates as bifunctional catalysts for ORR and OER in alkaline media. First-principles calculations show that these heterostructures possess a large number of active sites for ORR and OER with overpotentials comparable to those of noble metal benchmark catalysts...
June 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620582/physicochemical-and-nutritional-requirements-for-axenic-replication-suggest-physiological-basis-for-coxiella-burnetii-niche-restriction
#16
Eduardo Vallejo Esquerra, Hong Yang, Savannah E Sanchez, Anders Omsland
Bacterial obligate intracellular parasites are clinically significant animal and human pathogens. Central to the biology of these organisms is their level of adaptation to intracellular replication niches associated with physicochemical and nutritional constraints. While most bacterial pathogens can adapt to a wide range of environments, severe niche restriction-an inability to thrive in diverse environments-is a hallmark of bacterial obligate intracellular parasites. Herein the physicochemical and nutritional factors underlying the physiological basis for niche restriction in the zoonotic bacterial obligate intracellular parasite and Q fever agent Coxiella burnetii are characterized...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617247/uniquely-confining-cu2s-nanoparticles-in-graphitized-carbon-fibers-for-enhanced-oxygen-evolution-reaction
#17
Yu Wang, Xiaoqian Zhao, Yan Zhang, Huijuan Zhang, Li Liu
Up to now, there are rare literatures on Cu2S applied to oxygen evolution reaction (OER) of electro-catalytic field, especially one with specific morphology. In this work,a unique peapod-like Cu2S/C exhibiting superb electrocatalytic performance toward OER is successfully synthesized, by employing the Cu(OH)2 nanorods as template and the nontoxic glucose as the carbon source and annealing with sublimed sulfur ultimately. It can be seen that this work explores a new application area for Cu2S. Precisely, it is the novel morphology that contributes to increasing the electrochemical active surface area effectively and promoting the contact between the Cu2S nanoparticles and the electrolyte...
June 15, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616961/na0-86co0-95fe0-05o2-layered-oxide-as-highly-efficient-water-oxidation-electrocatalyst-in-alkaline-media
#18
Jie Dai, Yinlong Zhu, Yubo Chen, Wei Zhou, Zongping Shao
Electrochemical energy storage and conversion technologies, such as water-splitting devices, rechargeable metal-air batteries, and regenerative fuel cells, are promising alternatives to traditional nonrenewable energy systems. Given the sluggish oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in the above renewable-energy technologies, the development of efficient OER electrocatalysts with high performance is of great importance. Here, we demonstrate a layer-structured oxide Na0.86Co0.95Fe0.05O2 (NCF0.05) as a novel electrocatalyst for efficient water oxidation in alkaline media...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616089/severe-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-associated-with-congenital-cardiac-shunts-evolution-under-specific-treatment
#19
R I Negoi, I Ghiorghiu, F Filipoiu, M Hostiuc, I Negoi, C Ginghina
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of Sildenafil, Bosentan and combined therapy in patients with congenital cardiac shunts associated pulmonary artery hypertension (CCS-PAH). Design: Prospective observational study (February 2011 - January 2014) with a historical control group (January 2009 - January 2011). Setting: "CC Iliescu" Institute for Emergency Cardiovascular Diseases of Bucharest, a tertiary university-affiliated center. Patients: All cases with CCS-PAH. Interventions: Specific vasodilatory therapy: Sildenafil, Bosentan or combined therapy...
April 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613810/mof-derived-formation-of-ni2p-cop-bimetallic-phosphides-with-strong-interfacial-effect-towards-electrocatalytic-water-splitting
#20
Xin Liang, Bingxia Zheng, Ligang Chen, Juntao Zhang, Zhongbin Zhuang, Biao-Hua Chen
Bimetallic phosphides have attracted research interests for the synergistic effect and superior electrocatalytic activities for electrocatalytic water splitting. Herein, a MOF-derived phosphorization approach was developed to produce Ni2P-CoP bimetallic phosphides as bifunctional electrocatalysts for both hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions (HER and OER). Ni2P-CoP shows superior electrocatalytic activities to both pure Ni2P and CoP towards HER and OER, revealing a strong synergistic effect. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) elemental mapping analysis show that in the sample Ni2P-CoP, the Ni2P and CoP nanoparticles with average particle size 10-20 nm were mixed closely in nanoscales, creating numerous Ni2P/CoP interfaces...
June 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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