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Benigna Van Eynde, Olivier Christiaens, Daan Delbare, Kris Cooreman, Kelly S Bateman, Grant D Stentiford, Annette M Dullemans, Monique M van Oers, Guy Smagghe
Crangon crangon bacilliform virus (CcBV) was first discovered in 2004 in European brown shrimp (Crangon crangon) caught along the English coast. This study describes a duplex PCR assay developed for the detection of CcBV, based on amplification of the lef-8 gene (211 bp) of CcBV and the E75 gene (105 bp) of C. crangon as an internal amplification control. The lef-8 and E75 primer pairs were designed based on preliminary genome sequencing information of the virus and transcriptomic data available for C. crangon, respectively...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Si Xuan She, Jie Yu, Wan Qi Tang, Yinlong Zhu, Yu Bo Chen, Jaka Sunarso, Wei Zhou, Zongping Shao
Perovskite oxide is an attractive low-cost alternative catalyst for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) relative to the precious metal oxide-based eletrocatalysts (IrO2 and RuO2). In this work, a series of Sr-doped La-based perovskite oxide catalysts with compositions of La1-xSrxFeO3-δ (x = 0, 0.2, 0.5, 0.8, and 1) are synthesized and characterized. The OER specific activities in alkaline solution increase in the order of LaFeO3-δ (LF), La0.8Sr0.2FeO3-δ (LSF-0.2), La0.5Sr0.5FeO3-δ (LSF-0.5), SrFeO3-δ (SF) and La0...
March 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kavita M Jeerage, Stephanie L Candelaria, Samuel M Stavis
Electrocatalytic core-shell nanoparticles, such as nickel/iron oxides for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in alkaline electrolytes, require rapid synthesis and measurement for practical use. To meet this challenge, we investigated a novel process of adding Ni(II) species to Fe nanoparticles immediately after synthesis, which we expected to yield Ni-rich shells around Fe-rich cores. Cyclic voltammetry showed that the overpotential decreased as the molar ratio of Ni to Fe in the synthesis vessel increased from 0...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Da Wei Zhang, Jing Wei Li, Jia Xian Luo, Pei Man Xu, Li Cheng Wei, Dan Zhou, Wei Ming Xu, Dingsheng Yuan
It is essential to synthesize low-cost, earth-abundant bifunctional electrocatalysts
 for both hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) for
 water electrolysis. Herein, we present a one-step sulfurization method to fabricate
 Ni3S2 nanowires directly grown on Ni foam (Ni3S2 NWs/Ni) as such an electrocatalyst.
 This synthetic strategy has several advantages including facile preparation, low cost
 and even can be expanded to large-scale preparation in the practical application...
March 15, 2018: Nanotechnology
Jinlong Liu, Yao Zheng, Yan Jiao, Zhenyu Wang, Zhouguang Lu, Anthony Vasileff, Shi-Zhang Qiao
Conventional development of nanomaterials for efficient electrocatalysis is largely based on performance-oriented trial-and-error/iterative approaches, while a rational design approach at the atomic/molecular level is yet to be found. Here, inspired by a fundamental understanding of the mechanism for both oxygen and hydrogen evolution half reactions (OER/HER), a unique strategy is presented to engineer RuO2 for superior alkaline water electrolysis through coupling with NiO as an efficient bifunctional promoter...
March 15, 2018: Small
Rosemary Rushmer, Hans van Oers, Anita Kothari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Public Health
H P E M Spitters, L A M van de Goor, C Juel Lau, P Sandu, L Eklund Karlsson, J Jansen, J A M van Oers
Since public health problems are complex and the related policies need to address a wide range of sectors, cross-sectoral collaboration is beneficial. One intervention focusing on stimulating collaboration is a 'policy game'. The focus on specific problems facilitates relationships between the stakeholders and stimulates cross-sectoral policymaking. The present study explores stakeholders' learning experiences with respect to the collaboration process in public health policymaking. This was achieved via their game participation, carried out in real-life stakeholder networks in the Netherlands, Denmark and Romania...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Bo You, Yujie Sun
Electrocatalytic water splitting driven by renewable energy input to produce clean H2 has been widely viewed as a promising strategy of the future energy portfolio. Currently, the state-of-the-art electrocatalysts for water splitting in acidic solutions are IrO2 or RuO2 for the O2 evolution reaction (OER) and Pt for the H2 evolution reaction (HER). Realization of large-scale H2 production from water splitting requires competent nonprecious electrocatalysts. Despite the advances of decades in this field, several challenges still exist and need to be overcome: (1) Most efforts in the design of nonprecious electrocatalysts have focused on developing HER catalysts for acidic conditions but OER catalysts for alkaline conditions owing to their thermodynamic convenience, potentially resulting in incompatible integration of the two types of catalysts and thus inferior overall performance...
March 14, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Chun Xian Guo, Chang Ming Li
Unique room temperature-formed iron-doped nickel hydroxide on Ni foam as a 3D electrode in alkaline electrolyte offers fast gas dissipation, a high number of active sites and a high oxidation state of Ni for an improved oxidation ability for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), which delivers an OER current density of 100 mA cm-2 at an overpotential of 0.312 V and 96.3% retention after 100 h at an overpotential of 0.370 V in 1 M KOH, and 1000 mA cm-2 at an overpotential of 0.265 V in 30 wt% KOH.
March 14, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Yali Ma, Yu Zhang, Xue Wang, Meihong Fan, Kaiqian Li, Tao Wang, Yunling Liu, Qisheng Huo, Zhen-An Qiao, Sheng Dai
With unique physical and chemical properties and porous architectures, mesoporous transition metal hydroxide (MMHO) and oxide (MMO) nanospheres hold great potential for various applications in drug delivery, catalysis, energy storage and conversion. However, synthesizing MMHO and MMO with well-defined mesostructures remains a great challenge because of the weak interaction between surfactants and metal precursors. Herein we describe a chelation-induced cooperative self-assembly system in which the weak interaction can be cooperatively amplified through the use of a chelating ligand acting as a co-template...
March 14, 2018: Nanoscale
Jiong Wang, Liyong Gan, Wenyu Zhang, Yuecheng Peng, Hong Yu, Qingyu Yan, Xinghua Xia, Xin Wang
Molecularly well-defined Ni sites at heterogeneous interfaces were derived from the incorporation of Ni2+ ions into heteroatom-doped graphene. The molecular Ni sites on graphene were redox-active. However, they showed poor activity toward oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in KOH aqueous solution. We demonstrated for the first time that the presence of Fe3+ ions in the solution could bond at the vicinity of the Ni sites with a distance of 2.7 Å, generating molecularly sized and heterogeneous Ni-Fe sites anchored on doped graphene...
March 2018: Science Advances
Raheel Akram, Muhammad Aizaz Ud Din, Sami Ullah Dar, Anila Arshad, Wei Liu, Zhanpeng Wu, Dezhen Wu
A hierarchical excavated iron-nitrogen codoped mesoporous carbon (Ex-FeN-MC) electrocatalyst has been successfully synthesized by pyrolysis of the unique ureidopyrimidinone containing organic precursor MAMIS by using silica as the mesoporous template and iron nitrate as the source of iron. The selected organic precursor has multifunctionalities with diverse distribution of nitrogen and oxygen species which constitute interesting features to prepare the Ex-FeN-MC electrocatalyst. The as-prepared Ex-FeN-MC material shows unexpectedly higher catalytic activities towards ORR/OER performances with an overpotential of 250 mV for OER in alkaline solution at a current density of 10 mA cm-2 , while the ORR activity is almost similar to that of commercial Pt/C...
March 12, 2018: Nanoscale
Sonia Jaśkaniec, Christopher Hobbs, Andrés Seral-Ascaso, João Coelho, Michelle P Browne, Daire Tyndall, Takayoshi Sasaki, Valeria Nicolosi
This paper describes the wet-chemistry synthesis of highly crystalline hexagonal flakes of Ni-Fe layered double hydroxide (LDH) produced at temperature as low as 100 °C. The flakes with diameter in the range of 0.5-1.5 μm and the thickness between 15 and 20 nm were obtained by homogeneous precipitation method with the use of triethanolamine (TEA) and urea. By analyzing the intermediate products, it is suggested that, differently from previous reports, a thermodynamically metastable iron oxyhydroxide and Ni-TEA complex are firstly formed at room temperature...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jingfang Zhang, Jieyu Liu, Lifei Xi, Yifu Yu, Ning Chen, Shuhui Sun, Weichao Wang, Kathrin M Lange, Bin Zhang
A fundamental understanding of the origin of oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activity of transition-metal-based electrocatalysts, especially for single precious metal atoms supported on layered double hydroxides (LDHs), is highly required for the design of efficient electrocatalysts towards further energy conversion technologies. Here, we aim towards single-atom Au supported on NiFe LDH (sAu/NiFe LDH) to clarify the activity origin of LDHs system and a 6-fold OER activity enhancement by 0.4 wt% sAu decoration...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Byeongyoon Kim, Aram Oh, Mrinal Kanti Kabiraz, Youngmin Hong, Jinwhan Joo, Hionsuck Baik, Sang-Il Choi, Kwangyeol Lee
A layered β-NiOOH crystal with under-coordinated facets is an active and economically viable non-noble catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in alkaline electrolytes. However, it is extremely difficult to enclose the β-NiOOH crystal with under-coordinated facets due to its inevitable crystal transformation to γ-NiOOH, resulting in the exfoliation of the catalytic surfaces. Herein, we demonstrate {111}-faceted Ni octahedra as the parent substrates which surfaces are easily transformed to catalytically active β-NiOOH during the alkaline OER...
March 7, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jong Suk Yoo, Yusu Liu, Xi Rong, Alexie M Kolpak
Density functional theory is employed to investigate the electronic origin and feasibility of surface lattice oxygen (Osurf ) participation during the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) on perovskites. Osurf participation occurs via the non-electrochemical pathway in which adsorbed atomic oxygen (O*) diffuses from the transition-metal site to the oxygen site, and then Osurf shifts out of the surface plane to react with O* to form Osurf -O* and a surface oxygen vacancy. The different thermodynamic driving forces of Osurf participation on LaMO3-δ (M = Ni, Co, and Cu) are explained by the changes in the oxidation state of the transition-metal site throughout the reaction...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Ting-Hsuan You, Chi-Chang Hu
Due to the sluggish kinetics of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), binary ruthenium-tin oxides synthesized by a hydrothermal method with post-annealing at 450o C for 2 h are firstly proposed as bifunctional catalysts for these two reactions on the air electrode of rechargeable zinc-air batteries. The binary Ru-Sn oxides in various compositions show the typical oxide solid solution in the rutile phase. Among all binary Ru-Sn oxides, RuSn73 (70 at.% RuO2 and 30 at.% SnO2 ) and RuSn37 (30 at...
March 6, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jing Du, Zehua Zou, Chen Liu, Cailing Xu
Developing highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalysts is critical to the cost-effective generation of clean fuels. Transition-metal selenides have been proposed to be OER catalyst alternatives to noble metal based catalysts, but generally exhibit limited electrocatalytic activity. We here report hierarchical Fe-doped Ni3 Se4 ((Ni,Fe)3 Se4 ) ultrathin nanosheets as an efficient electrocatalyst for OER in alkaline electrolytes. The preparation involves a solvothermal synthesis and a topotactic conversion process...
March 1, 2018: Nanoscale
Peng Tian, Yanhao Yu, Xin Yin, Xudong Wang
A wafer-scale 1.4 nm ultrathin Ni(OH)2 nanosheet was synthesized by ionic layer epitaxy. This free-standing Ni(OH)2 nanosheet was directly used to catalyze the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). At a current density of 10 mA cm-2 , the overpotential reached 295 mV (vs. RHE) in Fe-rich 1 M NaOH. This 1.4 nm Ni(OH)2 nanosheet showed a very high turnover frequency of 5.47 s-1 and a mass activity of more than 2 × 104 A g-1 at an overpotential of 300 mV. Such a high electrocatalytic mass activity of the Ni(OH)2 nanosheet was more than 2 orders of magnitude higher than those of typical OER catalysts...
February 28, 2018: Nanoscale
Vivian Wu, René F M van Oers, Engelbert A J M Schulten, Marco N Helder, Rommel G Bacabac, Jenneke Klein-Nulend
Bone mass is important for dental implant success and is regulated by mechanoresponsive osteocytes. We aimed to investigate the relationship between the levels and orientation of tensile strain and morphology and orientation of osteocytes at different dental implant positions in the maxillary bone. Bone biopsies were retrieved from eight patients who underwent maxillary sinus-floor elevation with β-tricalcium phosphate prior to implant placement. Gap versus free-ending locations were compared using 1) a three-dimensional finite-element model of the maxilla to predict the tensile strain magnitude and direction and 2) histology and histomorphometric analyses...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
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