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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535344/clarifying-the-controversial-catalytic-performance-of-co-oh-2-and-co3o4-for-oxygen-reduction-evolution-reactions-toward-efficient-zn-air-batteries
#1
Zhishuang Song, Xiaopeng Han, Yida Deng, Naiqin Zhao, Wenbin Hu, Cheng Zhong
Cobalt-based nanomaterials have been widely studied as catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) due to their remarkable bifunctional catalytic activity, low cost and easy available. However, controversial results concerning OER/ORR performance exist between different types of cobalt-based catalysts, especially for Co(OH)2 and Co3O4. To address this issue, we develop a facile electrochemical deposition method to grow Co(OH)2 directly on the skeleton of carbon cloth, and further Co3O4 was obtained by post thermal treatment...
May 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535047/electronic-and-morphological-dual-modulation-of-cobalt-carbonate-hydroxides-by-mn-doping-towards-highly-efficient-and-stable-bifunctional-electrocatalysts-for-overall-water-splitting
#2
Tang Tang, Wen-Jie Jiang, Shuai Niu, Ning Liu, Hao Luo, Yu-Yun Chen, Shi-Feng Jin, Feng Gao, Li-Jun Wan, Jin-Song Hu
Developing bifunctional non-noble electrocatalysts for efficient and durable oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is highly desirable and challenging for overall water splitting. Herein, Co-Mn carbonate hydroxide (CoMnCH) nanosheet arrays with controllable morphology and composition were developed on nickel foam (NF) as such bifunctional electrocatalysts. It was discovered that Mn doping in CoCH can simultaneously modulate the nanosheet morphology to significantly increase the electrochemical active surface area for exposing more accessible active sites and tune the electronic structure of Co center to effectively boost its intrinsic activity...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534609/au-promoted-nickel-iron-layered-double-hydroxide-nanoarrays-a-modular-catalyst-enabling-high-performance-oxygen-evolution
#3
Wenxin Zhu, Lizhi Liu, Zhihao Yue, Wentao Zhang, Xiaoyue Yue, Jing Wang, Shaoxuan Yu, Li Wang, Jianlong Wang
Oxygen evolution reaction (OER) has played a pivotal role in many energy conversion and storage technologies like water electrolysis, fuel cells, and metal-air batteries. However, the slow kinetics of OER limit the performance and commercialization of such devices. Herein, we report on NiFe LDH@Au hybrid nanoarrays on Ni foam for much enhanced OER. By hybridization of electronegative Au and NiFe LDH with intrinsic remarkable OER catalytic activity, this modular electrode could drive an overall ultrahigh-performance and robust OER in base with the demand of overpotentials of only 221, 235 and 270 mV to afford 50, 100 and 500 mA cm-2, respectively...
May 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530739/phase-controllable-synthesis-of-cobalt-hydroxide-for-electrocatalytic-oxygen-evolution
#4
Fenglei Lyu, Yaocai Bai, Qingfa Wang, Li Wang, Xiangwen Zhang, Yadong Yin
Identification of active sites for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) plays a key role in the design and fabrication of high-performance cobalt-based electrocatalysts. Herein, we report the synthesis of two types of two-dimensional monometallic cobalt hydroxide nanoplates in aqueous solution for OER: α-Co(OH)2 with both Co(2+)Td and Co(2+)Oh sites and β-Co(OH)2 with Co(2+)Oh sites. Electrochemical characterization reveals that α-Co(OH)2 is more active than β-Co(OH)2 towards OER. The better activity can be attributed to the presence of Co(2+)Td sites in α-Co(OH)2, which are more active than Co(2+)Oh sites...
May 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525576/profiling-of-volatile-organic-compounds-produced-by-clinical-aspergillus-isolates-using-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#5
M G Gerritsen, P Brinkman, N Escobar, L D Bos, K de Heer, M Meijer, H-G Janssen, H de Cock, H A B Wösten, C E Visser, M H J van Oers, P J Sterk
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath may identify the presence of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. We aimed to detect VOC profiles emitted by in vitro cultured, clinical Aspergillus isolates using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Three clinical Aspergillus isolates and a reference strain were cultured while conidiation was prevented. Headspace samples were analyzed using a standardized method. Breath samples of patients from which the cultures were obtained were checked for the presence of the VOCs found in vitro...
May 18, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523861/a-bifunctional-hybrid-electrocatalyst-for-oxygen-reduction-and-evolution-cobalt-oxide-nanoparticles-strongly-coupled-to-b-n-decorated-graphene
#6
Yun Tong, Pengzuo Chen, Tianpei Zhou, Kun Xu, Wangsheng Chu, Changzheng Wu, Yi Xie
The electrocatalyzed oxygen reduction and evolution reactions (ORR and OER, respectively) are the core components of many energy conversion systems, including water splitting, fuel cells, and metal-air batteries. Rational design of highly efficient non-noble materials as bifunctional ORR/OER electrocatalysts is of great importance for large-scale practical applications. A new strongly coupled hybrid material is presented, which comprises CoOx nanoparticles rich in oxygen vacancies grown on B,N-decorated graphene (CoOx NPs/BNG) and operates as an efficient bifunctional OER/ORR electrocatalyst...
May 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514161/interdiffusion-reaction-assisted-hybridization-of-two-dimensional-metal-organic-frameworks-and-ti3c2tx-nanosheets-for-electrocatalytic-oxygen-evolution
#7
Li Zhao, Biliang Dong, Shaozhou Li, Lijun Zhou, Linfei Lai, Zhiwei Wang, Shulin Zhao, Min Han, Kai Gao, Min Lu, Xiaoji Xie, Bo Chen, Zhengdong Liu, Xiangjing Wang, Hao Zhang, Hai Li, Juqing Liu, Hua Zhang, Xiao Huang, Wei Huang
Two-dimensional (2D) metal-organic framework (MOF) nanosheets have been recently regarded as the model electrocatalysts due to their porous structure, fast mass and ion transfer through the thickness, and large portion of exposed active metal centers. Combining them with electrically conductive 2D nanosheets is anticipated to achieve further improved performance in electrocatalysis. In this work, we in situ hybridized 2D cobalt 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate (CoBDC) with Ti3C2Tx (the MXene phase) nanosheets via an interdiffusion reaction-assisted process...
May 22, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513886/regulating-water-reduction-kinetics-in-cobalt-phosphide-for-enhancing-her-catalytic-activity-in-alkaline-solution
#8
Kun Xu, Hui Ding, Mengxing Zhang, Min Chen, Zikai Hao, Lidong Zhang, Changzheng Wu, Yi Xie
Electrochemical water splitting to produce hydrogen renders a promising pathway for renewable energy storage. Considering limited electrocatalysts have good oxygen-evolution reaction (OER) catalytic activity in acid solution while numerous economical materials show excellent OER catalytic performance in alkaline solution, developing new strategies that enhance the alkaline hydrogen-evolution reaction (HER) catalytic activity of cost-effective catalysts is highly desirable for achieving highly efficient overall water splitting...
May 17, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509363/ni-fe-nitride-nanoplates-on-nitrogen-doped-graphene-as-a-synergistic-catalyst-for-reversible-oxygen-evolution-reaction-and-rechargeable-zn-air-battery
#9
Yuchi Fan, Shintaro Ida, Aleksandar Staykov, Taner Akbay, Hidehisa Hagiwara, Junko Matsuda, Kenji Kaneko, Tatsumi Ishihara
Obtaining bifunctional electrocatalysts with high activity for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is a main hurdle in the application of rechargeable metal-air batteries. Earth-abundant 3d transition metal-based catalysts have been developed for the OER and ORR; however, most of these are based on oxides, whose insulating nature strongly restricts their catalytic performance. This study describes a metallic Ni-Fe nitride/nitrogen-doped graphene hybrid in which 2D Ni-Fe nitride nanoplates are strongly coupled with the graphene support...
May 16, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508560/anionic-regulated-nife-oxy-sulfide-electrocatalysts-for-water-oxidation
#10
Bo-Quan Li, Shu-Yuan Zhang, Cheng Tang, Xiaoyang Cui, Qiang Zhang
The construction of active sites with intrinsic oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is of great significance to overcome the limited efficiency of abundant sustainable energy devices such as fuel cells, rechargeable metal-air batteries, and in water splitting. Anionic regulation of electrocatalysts by modulating the electronic structure of active sites significantly promotes OER performance. To prove the concept, NiFeS electrocatalysts are fabricated with gradual variation of atomic ratio of S:O. With the rise of S content, the overpotential for water oxidation exhibits a volcano plot under anionic regulation...
May 16, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508469/defect-chemistry-of-nonprecious-metal-electrocatalysts-for-oxygen-reactions
#11
REVIEW
Dafeng Yan, Yunxiao Li, Jia Huo, Ru Chen, Liming Dai, Shuangyin Wang
Oxygen electrocatalysis, including the oxygen-reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen-evolution reaction (OER), is a critical process for metal-air batteries. Therefore, the development of electrocatalysts for the OER and the ORR is of essential importance. Indeed, various advanced electrocatalysts have been designed for the ORR or the OER; however, the origin of the advanced activity of oxygen electrocatalysts is still somewhat controversial. The enhanced activity is usually attributed to the high surface areas, the unique facet structures, the enhanced conductivities, or even to unclear synergistic effects, but the importance of the defects, especially the intrinsic defects, is often neglected...
May 16, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507721/mo-6-activated-multimetal-oxygen-evolving-catalysts
#12
Peng Fei Liu, Shuang Yang, Li Rong Zheng, Bo Zhang, Hua Gui Yang
Water splitting is key to electrically-powered chemical fuel synthesis, but the slow kinetics of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) hinder the wider promotion of such technology. Several first-row (3d) transition metal-based catalysts have been developed for the OER; however, these catalysts still require operating voltages that lie well above the fundamental thermodynamic potential. Here, we report high-valence metal molybdenum (Mo(6+)) modulated 3d metal (oxy)hydroxides. The obtained multimetal FeCoMo based OER catalysts require an overpotential of 277 mV to reach the current density of 10 mA cm(-2) on the glassy carbon electrode, and there was no evidence of degradation for about 40 hours of stability testing...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507697/regulating-the-active-species-of-ni-oh-2-using-ceo2-3d-ceo2-ni-oh-2-carbon-foam-as-an-efficient-electrode-for-the-oxygen-evolution-reaction
#13
Zhengqing Liu, Na Li, Hongyang Zhao, Yi Zhang, Yunhui Huang, Zongyou Yin, Yaping Du
Three dimensional (3D) N, O and S doped carbon foam (NOSCF) is prepared as a substrate for in situ vertically grown Ni(OH)2 nanosheets. As designed Ni(OH)2/NOSCF possesses strong electrostatic interactions with OH(-) ions due to many C 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 1111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 1111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 O groups existing in NOSCF, which can facilitate the formation of crucial NiOOH intermediates during the OER process...
April 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507666/in-situ-observation-of-reactive-oxygen-species-forming-on-oxygen-evolving-iridium-surfaces
#14
Verena Pfeifer, Travis E Jones, Juan J Velasco Vélez, Rosa Arrigo, Simone Piccinin, Michael Hävecker, Axel Knop-Gericke, Robert Schlögl
Water splitting performed in acidic media relies on the exceptional performance of iridium-based materials to catalyze the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). In the present work, we use in situ X-ray photoemission and absorption spectroscopy to resolve the long-standing debate about surface species present in iridium-based catalysts during the OER. We find that the surface of an initially metallic iridium model electrode converts into a mixed-valent, conductive iridium oxide matrix during the OER, which contains O(II-) and electrophilic O(I-) species...
March 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498384/highly-efficient-oxygen-evolution-from-cos2-cnt-nanocomposites-via-a-one-step-electrochemical-deposition-and-dissolution-method
#15
Jizhang Yang, Zhi Yang, Lu Hua Li, Qiran Cai, Huagui Nie, Mengzhan Ge, Xi'an Chen, Ying Chen, Shaoming Huang
The oxygen evolution reaction (OER) has been viewed as a critical step in electrochemical energy conversion and storage devices. However, searching for cheap and efficient OER electrocatalysts still remains an urgent task. Herein, we develop a new strategy involving a one-step electrochemical deposition and dissolution method to fabricate hydrophilic porous CoS2/carbon nanotube (CNT) composites (CNT-CoS2). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy measurements confirm the formation of hydrophilic groups on the surface of the porous CoS2 during electrochemical oxidation...
May 12, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497144/colloidal-synthesis-of-urchin-like-fe-doped-nise2-for-efficient-oxygen-evolution
#16
Yeshuang Du, Gongzhen Cheng, Wei Luo
The search for highly efficient non-precious metal electrocatalysts toward the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is extremely essential for renewable energy systems. Here, we report the colloidal synthesis of Fe doped NiSe2, which functions as a high-performance electrocatalyst for the OER in alkaline solution. The NiFeSe catalysts are composed of urchin-like dendrites with a high number of active sites, which could provide fast transportation of electrons and electrolytes, and facile release of the evolved O2 bubbles during the OER catalysis...
May 12, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487917/integrating-natural-biomass-electro-oxidation-and-hydrogen-evolution-using-a-porous-fe-doped-cop-nanosheet-array-as-a-bifunctional-catalyst
#17
Shuai Hao, Libin Yang, Danni Liu, Rongmei Kong, Gu Du, Abdullah M Asiri, Yingchun Yang, Xuping Sun
Electrochemical water splitting has been considered as a promising strategy for hydrogen production, but the sluggish anodic oxygen evolution reaction (OER) limits the efficiency of overall water splitting. In this communication, we report a facile strategy to realize energy-saving hydrogen generation by replacing OER with a thermodynamically more favorable aloe extract (AE) oxidation reaction (AOR). An Fe-doped CoP nanosheet array (Fe-CoP/CC) is used as a bifunctional catalyst for both AOR and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER)...
May 10, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486704/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-lifestyle-intervention-in-obese-infertile-women
#18
A M van Oers, M A Q Mutsaerts, J M Burggraaff, W K H Kuchenbecker, D A M Perquin, C A M Koks, R van Golde, E M Kaaijk, J M Schierbeek, N F Klijn, Y M van Kasteren, J A Land, B W J Mol, A Hoek, H Groen
STUDY QUESTION: What is the cost-effectiveness of lifestyle intervention preceding infertility treatment in obese infertile women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lifestyle intervention preceding infertility treatment as compared to prompt infertility treatment in obese infertile women is not a cost-effective strategy in terms of healthy live birth rate within 24 months after randomization, but is more likely to be cost-effective using a longer follow-up period and live birth rate as endpoint...
May 9, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486487/the-impact-of-urban-regeneration-programmes-on-health-and-health-related-behaviour-evaluation-of-the-dutch-district-approach-6-5-years-from-the-start
#19
Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Albert Wong, Anton E Kunst, Carolien van den Brink, Hans A M van Oers, Mariël Droomers, Karien Stronks
BACKGROUND: Large-scale regeneration programmes to improve the personal conditions and living circumstances in deprived areas may affect health and the lifestyle of the residents. Previous evaluations concluded that a large-scale urban regeneration programme in the Netherlands had some positive effects within 3.5 years. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effects at the longer run. METHODS: With a quasi-experimental research design we assessed changes in the prevalence of general health, mental health, physical activity, overweight, obesity, and smoking between the pre-intervention (2003-04 -mid 2008) and intervention period (mid 2008-2013-14) in 40 deprived target districts and comparably deprived control districts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485974/anodically-grown-binder-free-nickel-hexacyanoferrate-film-toward-efficient-water-reduction-and-hexacyanoferrate-film-based-full-device-for-overall-water-splitting
#20
Hoa Thi Bui, Nabeen K Shrestha, Shubhangi Khadtare, Chinna D Bathula, Lars Giebeler, Yong-Young Noh, Sung-Hwan Han
One of the challenges in obtaining hydrogen economically by electrochemical water splitting is to identify and substitute cost-effective earth-abundant materials for the traditionally used precious-metal-based water-splitting electrocatalysts. Herein, we report the electrochemical formation of a thin film of nickel-based Prussian blue analogue hexacyanoferrate (Ni-HCF) through the anodization of a nickel substrate in ferricyanide electrolyte. As compared to the traditionally used Nafion-binder-based bulk film, the anodically obtained binder-free Ni-HCF film demonstrates superior performance in the electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), which is highly competitive with that shown by a Pt-plate electrode...
May 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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