keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Practical approach to"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622127/prevalence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-during-routine-electroencephalogram-eeg-a-hospital-based-descriptive-study
#1
Rajesh P Poothrikovil, Abdullah Al Asmi, Ramachandiran Nandhagopal, Mohammed Al Abri
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in adults is a common condition that is associated with a range of medical problems including hypertension, cardiovascular complications, and increase of seizure frequency in susceptible individuals. Polysomnography (PSG) is considered the gold standard measure in the diagnosis of SDB. This is an observational study on the frequency of SDB in adult patients referred for routine EEG. We found that routine EEG was capable of detecting moderate to severe symptoms of SDB in 14% of adult patients (95% confidence interval = 8...
2017: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615468/in-pursuit-of-the-evidence-a-short-biography-of-paul-c-schreckenberger-ph-d
#2
Karen C Carroll
On a bookshelf in my office, next to the Manual of Clinical Microbiology, still sits a dog-eared copy of a pamphlet entitled "Practical Approach to the Identification of Glucose-Nonfermenting Gram-negative Bacilli, a Guide to Identification" authored by Paul C Schreckenberger, Ph.D (1).….
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615391/practical-approach-to-evaluating-testicular-status-in-infants-and-children
#3
REVIEW
Elke E Mau, Michael P Leonard
OBJECTIVE: To review the differences between normal, retractile, ectopic, ascended, and undescended testes and to describe the optimal way to perform a testicular examination to distinguish one from the other, as well as to demonstrate that ultrasound imaging is not necessary and to clarify when to consider specialist referral. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: This paper is based on selected findings from a MEDLINE search on undescended testes and orchiopexy referrals, and on our experience at the Urology Clinic at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario in Ottawa, including review of referrals to our clinic for undescended testes and the resultant findings of normal variants versus surgical cases...
June 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613247/thin-film-nanocomposite-membrane-filled-with-metal-organic-frameworks-uio-66-and-mil-125-nanoparticles-for-water-desalination
#4
Mohammed Kadhom, Weiming Hu, Baolin Deng
Knowing that the world is facing a shortage of fresh water, desalination, in its different forms including reverse osmosis, represents a practical approach to produce potable water from a saline source. In this report, two kinds of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) nanoparticles (NPs), UiO-66 (~100 nm) and MIL-125 (~100 nm), were embedded separately into thin-film composite membranes in different weight ratios, 0%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.15%, 0.2%, and 0.3%. The membranes were synthesized by the interfacial polymerization (IP) of m-phenylenediamine (MPD) in aqueous solution and trimesoyl chloride (TMC) in an organic phase...
June 14, 2017: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609390/androgens-in-postmenopausal-women-a-review
#5
Jan L Shifren, Susan R Davis
There is significant interest in the use of androgen therapy for postmenopausal women. This review provides background on endogenous androgens in women, describes factors that affect circulating androgen concentrations, and examines the relationship between low levels of androgens and sexual problems. Possible effects of androgens in postmenopausal women beyond sexual function also are discussed. Clinical trials of androgen therapy for the treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder are reviewed, with a discussion of potential risks...
June 12, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609360/pancreatic-cysts-part-1-using-the-american-gastroenterological-association-guidelines-for-the-management-of-pancreatic-cysts-a-practical-approach
#6
James M Scheiman
The recent publication of evidence-based guidelines by the American Gastroenterological Association for the management of the incidental pancreatic cyst has stimulated considerable discussion among clinicians and researchers. The guidelines examined the evidence in an accompanying technical review defining current diagnostic approaches, as well as cyst natural history. Recognizing that the risk of malignant degeneration of these cystic neoplasms has been overestimated, the guidelines boldly increased thresholds for endoscopic ultrasound imaging and cyst fluid sampling, as well as proposing a reduced frequency of surveillance compared with previous expert consensus recommendations...
July 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604504/appropriateness-of-use-criteria-in-echocardiography-an-italian-experience
#7
Doralisa Morrone, Luca Villanova, Alda Huqi, Giacinta Guarini, Mario Marzilli
AIM: Appropriateness of use criteria (AUC) for transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) provide a simple and practical approach to avoid unneeded testing. METHODS: We collected and analyzed consecutive requests and corresponding reports for TTE in an Italian University Hospital. RESULTS: 500 echocardiographic request and related reports were collected. The mean age was 56 years old with 305 (61%) males. 19% of patients had TTE due to shortness of breath...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601171/a-practical-approach-to-supratentorial-brain-malformations-what-radiologists-should-know
#8
REVIEW
Edward Yang, Winnie C W Chu, Edward Y Lee
For general radiologists, congenital brain malformations pose substantial challenges in terms of recognition, description, and classification. This review describes a practical approach to imaging and classifying the most common supratentorial brain malformations. It begins with a discussion of embryology and optimal imaging technique and then summarizes distinguishing imaging features for several major categories of cerebral malformation, including holoprosencephaly, gray matter heterotopia, lissencephaly/pachygyria, focal cortical dysplasia, polymicrogyria, and cobblestone malformation...
July 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595973/crash-probability-estimation-via-quantifying-driver-hazard-perception
#9
Yang Li, Yang Zheng, Jianqiang Wang, Kenji Kodaka, Keqiang Li
Crash probability estimation is an important method to predict the potential reduction of crash probability contributed by forward collision avoidance technologies (FCATs). In this study, we propose a practical approach to estimate crash probability, which combines a field operational test and numerical simulations of a typical rear-end crash model. To consider driver hazard perception characteristics, we define a novel hazard perception measure, called as driver risk response time, by considering both time-to-collision (TTC) and driver braking response to impending collision risk in a near-crash scenario...
June 5, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594746/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-eliminates-racial-disparities-in-postoperative-length-of-stay-after-colorectal-surgery
#10
Tyler S Wahl, Lauren E Goss, Melanie S Morris, Allison A Gullick, Joshua S Richman, Gregory D Kennedy, Jamie A Cannon, Selwyn M Vickers, Sara J Knight, Jeffrey W Simmons, Daniel I Chu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) on racial disparities in postoperative length of stay (pLOS) after colorectal surgery. BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in surgical outcomes exist. We hypothesized that ERAS would reduce disparities in pLOS between black and white patients. METHODS: Patients undergoing ERAS in 2015 were 1:1 matched by race/ethnicity, age, sex, and procedure to a pre-ERAS group from 2010 to 2014...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592613/diagnosis-and-assessment-of-dilated-cardiomyopathy-a-guideline-protocol-from-the-british-society-of-echocardiography
#11
Thomas Mathew, Lynne Williams, Govardhan Navaratnam, Bushra Rana, Richard Wheeler, Katherine Collins, Allan Harkness, Richard Jones, Dan Knight, Kevin O'Gallagher, David Oxborough, Liam Ring, Julie Sandoval, Martin Stout, Vishal Sharma, Richard P Steeds
Heart failure (HF) is a debilitating and life-threatening condition, with 5-year survival rate lower than breast or prostate cancer. It is the leading cause of hospital admission in over 65s, and these admissions are projected to rise by more than 50% over the next 25 years. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the first-line step in diagnosis in acute and chronic HF and provides immediate information on chamber volumes, ventricular systolic and diastolic function, wall thickness, valve function and the presence of pericardial effusion, while contributing to information on aetiology...
June 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587496/review-article-a-practical-approach-to-the-clinical-management-of-nsaid-enteropathy
#12
Ashish Srinivasan, Peter De Cruz
Co-prescription of acid suppressive therapy, together with advances in small bowel imaging techniques, have shifted the burden of NSAID-related toxicity from gastro-duodenal to more distal small bowel injury. Due to predominantly subclinical disease, NSAID enteropathy remains under-recognised, with an incidence of 53-80% amongst healthy short-term users, and a prevalence of 50-71% following long-term (>3 months) use. Despite their distinct pathogenesis, those at risk of NSAID-related gastro-duodenal and small bowel complications share several risk factors...
June 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580744/management-of-severe-asthma-targeting-the-airways-comorbidities-and-risk-factors
#13
Peter G Gibson, Vanessa M McDonald
Severe asthma is a complex heterogeneous disease that is refractory to standard treatment and is complicated by multiple comorbidities and risk factors. In mild to moderate asthma, the burden of disease can be minimised by inhaled corticosteroids, bronchodilators and self-management education. In severe asthma, however, management is more complex. When patients with asthma continue to experience symptoms and exacerbations despite optimal management, severe refractory asthma (SRA) should be suspected and confirmed, and other aetiologies ruled out...
June 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580604/challenges-in-educating-patients-and-parents-about-differences-in-sex-development
#14
Elizabeth McCauley
This article reviews practical approaches to talking with parents and youth about Differences in Sex Development (DSD) which are conditions that affect chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomic sexual development, one of the most personal, and in our society, private areas of life. Talking with parents and patients about these conditions can be challenging given the complexity of sexual development and the sensitive nature of the information being shared. Changing approaches to disclosing or communicating information about conditions, such as DSD are reviewed as well as factors leading to revision in the diagnostic nomenclature...
June 5, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578784/making-dysphagia-easier-to-swallow-a-review-for-the-practicing-clinician
#15
REVIEW
Claire L Jansson-Knodell, D Chamil Codipilly, Cadman L Leggett
Evaluating a patient with dysphagia can be a complex and daunting task. In this article, we present a practical approach to the evaluation, physical examination, and subsequent work-up of dysphagia that is applicable to practicing physicians.
June 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573315/pediatric-renal-transplant-biopsy-with-ultrasound-guidance-the-core-essentials
#16
REVIEW
Aris Oates, Saveen Ahuja, Marsha M Lee, Andrew S Phelps, John D Mackenzie, Jesse L Courtier
This review provides a comprehensive and practical approach to pediatric percutaneous renal transplant biopsies, highlighting techniques and strategies to optimize adequate sample yield and ensure patient safety. In children with end-stage renal disease, transplantation is the preferred choice of therapy, providing for overall lower long-term morbidity and mortality compared with dialysis. In the ongoing management of renal transplant patients, core tissue sampling via a percutaneous renal biopsy remains the gold standard when transplant dysfunction is suspected...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562063/asymmetric-hydrogenation-of-tetrasubstituted-cyclic-enones-to-chiral-cycloalkanols-with-three-contiguous-stereocenters
#17
Yun-Ting Liu, Ji-Qiang Chen, Lin-Ping Li, Xin-Yang Shao, Jian-Hua Xie, Qi-Lin Zhou
A highly efficient iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of tetrasubstituted cyclic enones has been developed for the enantioselective synthesis of chiral cycloalkanols with three contiguous stereocenters. The C═O and C═C bonds of the enone substrates were hydrogenated sequentially in one pot with excellent enantioselectivity (92 to >99% ee) and diastereoselectivity (dr 95:5 to >99:1). The reaction provided a practical approach to all of the stereoisomers of the antiulcer drug rosaprostol.
May 31, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558781/reducing-occupational-sitting-workers-perspectives-on-participation-in-a-multi-component-intervention
#18
Nyssa T Hadgraft, Lisa Willenberg, Anthony D LaMontagne, Keti Malkoski, David W Dunstan, Genevieve N Healy, Marj Moodie, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Sheleigh P Lawler
BACKGROUND: Office workers spend much of their time sitting, which is now understood to be a risk factor for several chronic diseases. This qualitative study examined participants' perspectives following their involvement in a cluster randomised controlled trial of a multi-component intervention targeting prolonged workplace sitting (Stand Up Victoria). The intervention incorporated a sit-stand workstation, individual health coaching and organisational support strategies. The aim of the study was to explore the acceptability of the intervention, barriers and facilitators to reducing workplace sitting, and perceived effects of the intervention on workplace culture, productivity and health-related outcomes...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556585/a-practical-approach-to-diagnosing-endocrine-hypertension
#19
REVIEW
Jun Yang, Jimmy Shen, Peter J Fuller
Hypertension is a leading cardiovascular risk factor that remains difficult to manage in a large segment of the population. Secondary causes of hypertension, which are amenable to targeted treatment or even cure, may contribute to poor blood pressure control. The most common endocrine cause, primary aldosteronism, requires biochemical screening as there are often no symptoms or signs other than hypertension. Screening tests should be done after adequate preparation to optimise the results and minimise the confounding effects of diet and medications...
May 27, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548972/assessment-of-adult-malnutrition-and-prognosis-with-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-phase-angle-and-impedance-ratio
#20
Henry C Lukaski, Ursula G Kyle, Jens Kondrup
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition affects prognosis in many groups of patients. Although screening tools are available to identify adults at risk for poor nutritional status, a need exists to improve the assessment of malnutrition by identifying the loss of functional tissues that can lead to frailty, compromised physical function, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality, particularly among hospitalized and ill patients and older adults. Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) offers a practical approach to identify malnutrition and prognosis by assessing whole-body cell membrane quality and depicting fluid distribution for an individual...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
keyword
keyword
117164
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"