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Polyphenols thermogenesis

Leixuri Aguirre, Alfredo Fernández-Quintela, Noemí Arias, Maria P Portillo
Resveratrol is a non-flavonoid polyphenol which belongs to the stilbenes group and is produced naturally in several plants in response to injury or fungal attack. Resveratrol has been recently reported as preventing obesity. The present review aims to compile the evidence concerning the potential mechanisms of action which underlie the anti-obesity effects of resveratrol, obtained either in cultured cells lines and animal models. Published studies demonstrate that resveratrol has an anti-adipogenic effect. A good consensus concerning the involvement of a down-regulation of C/EBPα and PPARγ in this effect has been reached...
2014: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
J Huang, Y Wang, Z Xie, Y Zhou, Y Zhang, X Wan
Many researchers have reported that obesity is a major risk factor for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, several forms of cancer (such as breast, colon and prostate), pulmonary, osteoarticular and metabolic diseases in the past decades. Recently, the hypolipidemic and anti-obesity effects of green tea in animals and humans have slowly become a hot topic in nutritional and food science research. This review will up-date the information of the anti-obesity effects of green tea in human intervention and animal studies...
October 2014: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shelly A Coe, Miriam Clegg, Mar Armengol, Lisa Ryan
The baobab fruit (Adansonia digitata L.) is found throughout regions of Africa and is becoming increasingly recognized for its high nutrient and polyphenol content. Polyphenols have been beneficial for their effects on reducing the glycemic response (GR) and for improving various other metabolic parameters. Based on previous research, it was hypothesized that the baobab fruit extract would reduce starch digestion in vitro and would show potential for reducing the GR and for increasing satiety and diet-induced thermogenesis in humans...
November 2013: Nutrition Research
Goiuri Alberdi, Víctor M Rodríguez, Jonatan Miranda, M Teresa Macarulla, Itziar Churruca, María P Portillo
The effect of resveratrol on thermogenesis in skeletal muscle and interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) was investigated. Rats were fed an obesogenic diet supplemented with resveratrol (30mg/kg/day) or not supplemented for 6weeks. Resveratrol intake led to increased gene expression of mitochondrial-transcription-factor-A (TFAM), mitochondrial-protein-cytochrome-C-oxidase subunit-2 (COX2), sirtuin-1 (SIRT1), peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-β/δ (PPARβ/δ) and proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-coactivator1-α (PGC-1α) in IBAT and increased UCP1protein expression; however, peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-α (PPARα) expression remained unchanged...
November 15, 2013: Food Chemistry
L Trigueros, S Peña, A V Ugidos, E Sayas-Barberá, J A Pérez-Álvarez, E Sendra
Overweight and obesity have a major impact on global health; their prevalence has rapidly increased in all industrialized countries in the past few decades and diabetes and hypertension are their direct consequences. Pharmacotherapy provides reinforcement for obesity treatment, but should be an adjunctive support to diet, exercise, and lifestyle modification. At present, only orlistat and sibutramine have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for long-term use, but sibutramine was withdrawn for sale by the European Medicines Agency...
2013: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
A G Dulloo
The concept of managing obesity through the stimulation of thermogenesis is currently a focus of considerable attention by the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and functional food industries. This paper first reviews the landmark discoveries that have fuelled the search for thermogenic anti-obesity products that range from single-target drugs to multi-target functional foods. It subsequently analyses the thermogenic and fat-oxidizing potentials of a wide array of bioactive food ingredients which are categorized under methylxanthines, polyphenols, capsaicinoids/capsinoids, minerals, proteins/amino acids, carbohydrates/sugars and fats/fatty acids...
October 2011: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Navamayooran Thavanesan
The increase in the prevalence of obesity in recent years has prompted research into alternative methods of modulating body weight and body fat. The last decade has reflected this with a surge in studies investigating the potential of green tea as a natural agent of weight loss, with a view to confirming and elucidating the mechanisms underlying its effect on the body. Currently, it is widely believed that the polyphenolic components present in green tea have an anti-obesogenic effect on fat homeostasis, by increasing thermogenesis or reducing fat absorption among other ways...
November 2011: British Journal of Nutrition
Soyoung Kim, Yoojeong Jin, Youngshim Choi, Taesun Park
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenolic stilbene derivative found in a variety of edible fruits, including nuts, berries, and grape skin. Although resveratrol has been suggested to improve thermogenesis in the brown adipose tissues of obese animals, there have been no reports on the anti-adipogenic and anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol in the white adipose tissues of obese animals. The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether resveratrol attenuates high-fat diet (HFD)-induced adipogenesis and inflammation in the epididymal fat tissues of mice and to explore the underlying mechanisms involved in this attenuation...
June 1, 2011: Biochemical Pharmacology
James H Hollis, Jenny A Houchins, Jeffrey B Blumberg, Richard D Mattes
OBJECTIVE: Concord grape juice (CGJ) is a rich source of phenolic antioxidants, with a range of putative health benefits. However, high beverage energy and fructose intake may lead to weight gain and insulin resistance, respectively. This study assessed the effects of CGJ consumption for 12 weeks on appetite, diet, body weight, lipid profile, and antioxidant status. METHODS: Seventy-six men and women aged 18 to 50 years with a body mass index of 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m(2) consumed either 480 mL CGJ, 480 mL substitute (polyphenol-free) grape-flavored drink (SGD), or no beverage (NTG) daily for 12 weeks...
October 2009: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Q Shixian, B VanCrey, J Shi, Y Kakuda, Y Jiang
Epidemiological studies have shown that intake of tea catechins is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. The antioxidative activity of tea-derived catechins has been extensively studied. Reports have shown that green tea extract intake is associated with increased weight loss due to diet-induced thermogenesis, which is generally attributed to the catechin epigallocatechin gallate. That catechin-polyphenols are known to be capable of inhibiting catechol-O-methyltransferase (the enzyme that degrades norepinephrine) is a possible explanation for why the green tea extract is effective in stimulating thermogenesis by epigallocatechin gallate to augment and prolong sympathetic stimulation of thermogenesis...
2006: Journal of Medicinal Food
Andrew T Roberts, Lilian de Jonge-Levitan, Catherine C Parker, Frank Greenway
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test an herbal supplement containing black tea (the fully oxidized form of Camellia sinensis) and caffeine for stimulation of thermogenesis. METHODS/MATERIALS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study was conducted on 16 healthy, weight-stable, non-smoking subjects, ages 21-55 years, with body mass index (BMI) of 20-30 kg/m2, and on no medications other than oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy...
December 2005: Alternative Medicine Review: a Journal of Clinical Therapeutic
M F McCarty
Hepatothermic therapy (HT) of obesity is rooted in the observation that the liver has substantial capacities for both fatty acid oxidation and for thermogenesis. When hepatic fatty acid oxidation is optimized, the newly available free energy may be able to drive hepatic thermogenesis, such that respiratory quotient declines while basal metabolic rate increases, a circumstance evidently favorable for fat loss. Effective implementation of HT may require activation of carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 (rate-limiting for fatty acid beta-oxidation), an increase in mitochondrial oxaloacetate production (required for optimal Krebs cycle activity), and up-regulation of hepatic thermogenic pathways...
September 2001: Medical Hypotheses
C S Yang, J M Landau
Beneficial health effects of tea have been demonstrated in animal experiments and some human studies. The two most extensively investigated diseases are cancer and heart disease. Although mechanisms of protective activity of tea against these diseases have been proposed, there are inconsistencies in the relationship between tea consumption and the risk of these diseases in humans. The bioavailability of active components is beginning to be understood, but further research is required to determine whether the results from animal studies are applicable to humans...
October 2000: Journal of Nutrition
A G Dulloo, J Seydoux, L Girardier, P Chantre, J Vandermander
The thermogenic effect of tea is generally attributed to its caffeine content. We report here that a green tea extract stimulates brown adipose tissue thermogenesis to an extent which is much greater than can be attributed to its caffeine content per se, and that its thermogenic properties could reside primarily in an interaction between its high content in catechin-polyphenols and caffeine with sympathetically released noradrenaline (NA). Since catechin-polyphenols are known to be capable of inhibiting catechol-O-methyl-transferase (the enzyme that degrades NA), and caffeine to inhibit trancellular phosphodiesterases (enzymes that break down NA-induced cAMP), it is proposed that the green tea extract, via its catechin-polyphenols and caffeine, is effective in stimulating thermogenesis by relieving inhibition at different control points along the NA-cAMP axis...
February 2000: International Journal of Obesity and related Metabolic Disorders
A G Dulloo, C Duret, D Rohrer, L Girardier, N Mensi, M Fathi, P Chantre, J Vandermander
BACKGROUND: Current interest in the role of functional foods in weight control has focused on plant ingredients capable of interfering with the sympathoadrenal system. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether a green tea extract, by virtue of its high content of caffeine and catechin polyphenols, could increase 24-h energy expenditure (EE) and fat oxidation in humans. DESIGN: Twenty-four-hour EE, the respiratory quotient (RQ), and the urinary excretion of nitrogen and catecholamines were measured in a respiratory chamber in 10 healthy men...
December 1999: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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