keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Post synaptic density

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234273/indirubin-derivative-7-bromoindirubin-3-oxime-7bio-attenuates-a%C3%AE-oligomer-induced-cognitive-impairments-in-mice
#1
Liping Chen, Chunhui Huang, Jieyi Shentu, Minjun Wang, Sicheng Yan, Fei Zhou, Zaijun Zhang, Chuang Wang, Yifan Han, Qinwen Wang, Wei Cui
Indirubins are natural occurring alkaloids extracted from indigo dye-containing plants. Indirubins could inhibit various kinases, and might be used to treat chronic myelocytic leukemia, cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. 7-bromoindirubin-3-oxime (7Bio), an indirubin derivative derived from indirubin-3-oxime, possesses inhibitory effects against cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (CDK5) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β), two pharmacological targets of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we have discovered that 2...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215028/effect-of-canola-oil-consumption-on-memory-synapse-and-neuropathology-in-the-triple-transgenic%C3%A2-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Elisabetta Lauretti, Domenico Praticò
In recent years consumption of canola oil has increased due to lower cost compared with olive oil and the perception that it shares its health benefits. However, no data are available on the effect of canola oil intake on Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Herein, we investigated the effect of chronic daily consumption of canola oil on the phenotype of a mouse model of AD that develops both plaques and tangles (3xTg). To this end mice received either regular chow or a chow diet supplemented with canola oil for 6 months...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163080/behavioral-and-neurochemical-phenotyping-of-mice-incapable-of-homer1a-induction
#3
Michael C Datko, Jia-Hua Hu, Melanie Williams, Cindy M Reyes, Kevin D Lominac, Georg von Jonquieres, Matthias Klugmann, Paul F Worley, Karen K Szumlinski
Immediate early and constitutively expressed products of the Homer1 gene regulate the functional assembly of post-synaptic density proteins at glutamatergic synapses to influence excitatory neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity. Earlier studies of Homer1 gene knock-out (KO) mice indicated active, but distinct, roles for IEG and constitutively expressed Homer1 gene products in regulating cognitive, emotional, motivational and sensorimotor processing, as well as behavioral and neurochemical sensitivity to cocaine...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155979/epigenetic-editing-of-the-dlg4-psd95-gene-improves-cognition-in-aged-and-alzheimer-s-disease-mice
#4
Fernando J Bustos, Estibaliz Ampuero, Nur Jury, Rodrigo Aguilar, Fahimeh Falahi, Jorge Toledo, Juan Ahumada, Jaclyn Lata, Paula Cubillos, Berta Henríquez, Miguel V Guerra, Jimmy Stehberg, Rachael L Neve, Nibaldo C Inestrosa, Ursula Wyneken, Marco Fuenzalida, Steffen Härtel, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Lorena Varela-Nallar, Marianne G Rots, Martin Montecino, Brigitte van Zundert
The Dlg4 gene encodes for post-synaptic density protein 95 (PSD95), a major synaptic protein that clusters glutamate receptors and is critical for plasticity. PSD95 levels are diminished in ageing and neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease. The epigenetic mechanisms that (dys)regulate transcription of Dlg4/PSD95, or other plasticity genes, are largely unknown, limiting the development of targeted epigenome therapy. We analysed the Dlg4/PSD95 epigenetic landscape in hippocampal tissue and designed a Dlg4/PSD95 gene-targeting strategy: a Dlg4/PSD95 zinc finger DNA-binding domain was engineered and fused to effector domains to either repress (G9a, Suvdel76, SKD) or activate (VP64) transcription, generating artificial transcription factors or epigenetic editors (methylating H3K9)...
November 16, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128314/early-changes-in-m2-muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptors-machrs-induced-by-sarin-intoxication-may-be-linked-to-long-lasting-neurological-effects
#5
Zipora Pittel, Shlomi Lazar, Rellie Gez, Shira Chapman
The effect of sarin on the binding parameters (KD & Bmax) of M2 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) was studied 24h and 1 week post exposure. Male & female Sprague-Daweley rats were poisoned with 1XLD50 sarin (80μg/kg, im) followed by treatment of trimedoxime bromide and atropine (7.5:5mg/kg, im) 1min later. Brains were removed and analyzed for M2 mAChR binding, using [(3)H]AFDX384, an M2 selective antagonist. A significant increase in KD of M2 mAChR was found in the cortex 24h post poisoning, displaying elevation from 4...
November 8, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125959/proximity-labeling-spatially-resolved-proteomic-mapping-for-neurobiology
#6
REVIEW
Shuo Han, Jiefu Li, Alice Y Ting
Understanding signaling pathways in neuroscience requires high-resolution maps of the underlying protein networks. Proximity-dependent biotinylation with engineered enzymes, in combination with mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics, has emerged as a powerful method to dissect molecular interactions and the localizations of endogenous proteins. Recent applications to neuroscience have provided insights into the composition of sub-synaptic structures, including the synaptic cleft and inhibitory post-synaptic density...
November 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115990/dhcr24-exerts-neuroprotection-upon-inflammation-induced-neuronal-death
#7
Henna Martiskainen, Kaisa M A Paldanius, Teemu Natunen, Mari Takalo, Mikael Marttinen, Stina Leskelä, Nadine Huber, Petra Mäkinen, Enni Bertling, Hiramani Dhungana, Mikko Huuskonen, Paavo Honkakoski, Pirta Hotulainen, Kirsi Rilla, Jari Koistinaho, Hilkka Soininen, Tarja Malm, Annakaisa Haapasalo, Mikko Hiltunen
BACKGROUND: DHCR24, involved in the de novo synthesis of cholesterol and protection of neuronal cells against different stress conditions, has been shown to be selectively downregulated in neurons of the affected brain areas in Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Here, we investigated whether the overexpression of DHCR24 protects neurons against inflammation-induced neuronal death using co-cultures of mouse embryonic primary cortical neurons and BV2 microglial cells upon acute neuroinflammation...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112734/memantine-prevents-acute-radiation-induced-toxicities-at-hippocampal-excitatory-synapses
#8
Joseph G Duman, Jeffrey Dinh, Wei Zhou, Henry Cham, Vasilis C Mavratsas, Matea Paveškovic, Shalaka Mulherkar, Susan L McGovern, Kimberley F Tolias, David R Grosshans
Background: Memantine has shown clinical utility in preventing radiation-induced cognitive impairment, but the mechanisms underlying its protective effects remain unknown. We hypothesized that abnormal glutamate signaling causes radiation-induced abnormalities in neuronal structure and that memantine prevents synaptic toxicity. Methods: Hippocampal cultures expressing eGFP were irradiated or sham-treated and their dendritic spine morphology assessed at acute (minutes) and later (days) times using high-resolution confocal microscopy...
November 2, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092774/trkb-is-necessary-for-male-copulatory-behavior-in-the-syrian-hamster-mesocricetus-auratus
#9
Joe C Brague, Clifford Zinn, Dean Granot, Cameron T Feathers, Jennifer M Swann
The magnocellular medial preoptic nucleus (MPN mag), a subdivision of the medial preoptic area (MPOA), plays a critical role in the regulation of copulation in the Syrian hamster; in part by mediating the effects of gonadal steroids. For example, ablation of the MPN mag eliminates mating and testosterone placed in the MPN mag restores mating in castrated males. Testosterone treatment enhances synaptic density and dendritic spines in the MPN mag. Thus, copulatory behaviors are correlated with increases in synaptic morphology in the MPN mag...
October 29, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082919/decreased-post-synaptic-density-95-protein-expression-on-dendrites-of-newborn-neurons-following-cx3cr1-modulation-in-the-epileptogenic-adult-rodent-brain
#10
Idrish Ali, Una Avdic, Deepti Chugh, Christine T Ekdahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074576/a-pre-synaptic-function-of-shank-protein-in-drosophila
#11
Song Wu, Guangming Gan, Zhiping Zhang, Jie Sun, Qifu Wang, Zhongbao Gao, Meixiang Li, Shan Jin, Juan Huang, Ulrich Thomas, Yong-Hui Jiang, Yan Li, Rui Tian, Yong Q Zhang
Human genetic studies support that loss of function mutations in the [highlight]SH[/highlight]3 domain and [highlight]ank[/highlight]yrin repeat containing family proteins (SHANK1-3), the large synaptic scaffolding proteins enriched at the postsynaptic density of excitatory synapses, are causative for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other neuropsychiatric disorders in humans. To better understand the in vivo functions of Shank and facilitate dissection of neuropathology associated with SHANK mutations in human, we generated multiple mutations in the Shank gene, the only member of the SHANK family in Drosophila melanogaster Both male and female Shank null mutants were fully viable and fertile with no apparent morphological or developmental defects...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069619/breakdown-of-excitability-by-attenuated-prv-152-infection-in-auditory-brainstem-neurons-of-mongolian-gerbils
#12
Christian P Porres, Benedikt Grothe, Felix Felmy
Pseudorabies virus (PRV), a neurovirulent α-herpesvirus, spreads between neurons at synaptic connections. PRV-infected neurons have been shown to exhibit functional deficits with the attenuated PRV152 Bartha strain negatively influencing neuronal functioning in in vitro model systems. However, the impact of this attenuated PRV152 Bartha strain on the native central nervous system has not been fully explored. Using a combination of in vivo stereotactic injections and post-hoc in vitro whole-cell recordings, we investigated the functional impact of PRV152 Bartha in the auditory system of juvenile Mongolian gerbils...
October 22, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042992/timosaponin-b-iii-exhibits-antidepressive-activity-in-a-mouse-model-of-postpartum-depression-by-the-regulation-of-inflammatory-cytokines-bndf-signaling-and-synaptic-plasticity
#13
Xiao-Li Zhang, Lin Wang, Li Xiong, Feng-Hua Huang, Han Xue
The aim of this study was to investigate the antidepressive effects of timosaponin B-III (TB-III) and the underlying mechanism. A postpartum depression (PPD) mouse model was established by the administration of dexamethasone sodium phosphate during pregnancy. Mice with PPD were assigned to the following groups: Model, fluoxetine and high, medium and low doses of TB-III. Post-parturient mice without PPD served as a normal control group. To examine the effect of TB-III, mice were treated with TB-III, then forced swimming tests (FSTs) and tail suspension tests (TSTs) were performed to evaluate depression...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042314/differential-distribution-and-function-of-gababrs-in-somato-dendritic-and-axonal-compartments-of-principal-cells-and-interneurons-in-cortical-circuits
#14
REVIEW
Ákos Kulik, Sam A Booker, Imre Vida
GABABRs are highly expressed in cortical circuits, controlling neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission in both principal cells and inhibitory interneurons. Light and electron microscopic studies confirmed the wide distribution of receptors and revealed cell type-specific quantitative differences in their cellular and subcellular distributions. At the subcellular level, GABABRs are abundant at the peri- and extrasynaptic membrane of somato-dendritic compartments and to lower levels in the axon terminals of both cortical excitatory principal cells and inhibitory interneurons...
October 14, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017814/pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide-induces-long-term-transcription-dependent-plasticity-and-remodeling-at-autonomic-synapses
#15
Eric R Starr, Joseph F Margiotta
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a multifunctional neuropeptide, widely expressed in the nervous system (Vaudry et al., 2009; Starr and Margiotta, 2016). At neuronal synapses where transmission is mediated by nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) transient PACAP exposure increases the frequency and amplitude (FS and AS) of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) within minutes. This short-term (ST) plasticity requires high-affinity PACAP receptor (PAC1R) signaling via adenylate cyclase (AC), cyclic AMP (cAMP), Protein kinase A (PKA) and obligatory nAChR-dependent stimulation of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis to retrogradely increase presynaptic ACh release (Pugh et al...
October 7, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981195/nhe5-deficiency-enhances-learning-and-memory-via-upregulating-bdnf-trkb-signaling-in-mice
#16
Xuejiao Chen, Xiyi Wang, Lingyun Tang, Jinjin Wang, Chunling Shen, Jianbing Liu, Shunyuan Lu, Hongxin Zhang, Ying Kuang, Jian Fei, Zhugang Wang
Nhe5, a Na(+) /H(+) exchanger, is predominantly expressed in brain tissue and is proposed to act as a negative regulator of dendritic spine growth. Up to now, its physiological function in vivo remains unclear. Here we show that Nhe5-deficient mice exhibit markedly enhanced learning and memory in Morris water maze, novel object recognition, and passive avoidance task. Meanwhile, the pre- and post-synaptic components, synaptophysin (Syn) and post-synaptic density 95 (PSD95) expression levels were found increased in hippocampal regions lacking of Nhe5, suggesting a possible alterations in neuronal synaptic structure and function in Nhe5(-/-) mice...
December 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962170/electro-acupuncture-ameliorates-cognitive-impairment-via-improvement-of-brain-derived-neurotropic-factor-mediated-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity-in-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injured-rats
#17
Ruhui Lin, Xiaojie Li, Weilin Liu, Wenlie Chen, Kunqiang Yu, Congkuai Zhao, Jia Huang, Shanli Yang, Hongwei Peng, Jing Tao, Lidian Chen
A previous study by our group found that electro-acupuncture (EA) at the Shenting (DU24) and Baihui (DU20) acupoints ameliorates cognitive impairment in rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the precise mechanism of action has remained largely unknown. The present study investigated whether brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) mediates hippocampal synaptic plasticity as the underlying mechanism. Rats were randomly divided into three groups: The sham operation control (Sham) group, the focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) group, and the I/R with EA treatment (I/R+EA) group...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924363/thrombospondin-1-gene-deficiency-worsens-the-neurological-outcomes-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-mice
#18
Chongjie Cheng, Zhanyang Yu, Song Zhao, Zhengbu Liao, Changhong Xing, Yinghua Jiang, Yong-Guang Yang, Michael J Whalen, Eng H Lo, Xiaochuan Sun, Xiaoying Wang
Background: Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is an extracellular matrix protein that plays multiple physiological and pathophysiological roles in the brain. Experimental reports suggest that TSP-1 may have an adverse role in neuronal function recovery under certain injury conditions. However, the roles of TSP-1 in traumatic brain injury (TBI) have not been elucidated. In this study we for the first time investigated the roles of TSP-1 in a controlled cortical impact (CCI) model of TBI in TSP-1 knockout (TSP-1 KO) and wild type (WT) mice...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890050/modulation-of-hippocampal-synapse-maturation-by-activity-regulated-e3-ligase-via-non-canonical-pathway
#19
Pushpa Kumari, Balakumar Srinivasan, Sourav Banerjee
Development of functional synapses is crucial for the transmission and storage of information in the brain. Post establishment of the initial synaptic contact, synapses are stabilized through neuronal activity-induced signals. Emerging studies have implicated ubiquitination; a reversible posttranslational modification, as a key regulatory switch that modulates synapse development through proteasomal degradation. Ubiquitination of proteins is precisely regulated by E3 ligases, a set of enzymes that bind to specific substrates to facilitate the conjugation of monomeric or polymeric ubiquitin...
November 19, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887487/trkb-enhancer-facilitates-functional-recovery-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
John Marshall, Joanna Szmydynger-Chodobska, Mengia S Rioult-Pedotti, Kara Lau, Andrea T Chin, Siva K Reddy Kotla, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari, Keykavous Parang, Steven W Threlkeld, Adam Chodobski
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a key player in regulating synaptic strength and learning, is dysregulated following traumatic brain injury (TBI), suggesting that stimulation of BDNF signaling pathways may facilitate functional recovery. This study investigates whether CN2097, a peptidomimetic ligand which targets the synaptic scaffold protein, postsynaptic density protein 95, to enhance downstream signaling of tropomyosin-related kinase B, a receptor for BDNF, can improve neurological function after TBI...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
11716
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"