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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229828/successful-treatment-of-a-refractory-dysbiotic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-in-a-patient-with-systemic-sclerosis-polymyositis-overlap-syndrome-by-intravenous-immunoglobulin-administration-possibly-related-to-gut-flora-normalisation
#1
Risa Kamei, Toshifumi Yamaoka, Kuniko Ikinaga, Hiroyuki Murota, Kentaro Shimizu, Ichiro Katayama
****************************************************************************.
January 31, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228208/ogilvie-s-syndrome-or-colonic-pseudo-obstruction
#2
Christine C Toevs, Kyle Mazellan, Roland Kohr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227921/directionally-sensitive-peripheral-nerve-recording-bipolar-nerve-cuff-design
#3
Parisa Sabetian, Milos R Popovic, Paul B Yoo, Parisa Sabetian, Milos R Popovic, Paul B Yoo
Although bipolar nerve cuff electrodes (NCEs) are used in clinical neurostimulation therapies (e.g., epilepsy, obstructive sleep apnea), the use of this electrode as part of a closed-up controlled system is very limited. The literature points to high noise content (i.e., poor signal-to-noise ratio, SNR) as the primary reason for not using bipolar NCEs to record neural activity. In fact, over the past several decades, the pseudo-tripolar NCEs, the symmetric configuration of this electrode array (i.e., electrically-shorted side contacts) makes it very difficult to obtain directional information from the recorded neural activity (efferent vs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133916/computed-tomographic-features-of-incisor-pseudo-odontomas-in-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#4
Igor Pelizzone, Francesco Di Ianni, Antonella Volta, Giacomo Gnudi, Sabrina Manfredi, Mara Bertocchi, Enrico Parmigiani
Maxillary incisor pseudo-odontomas are common in pet prairie dogs and can cause progressive respiratory obstruction, while mandibular pseudo-odontomas are rarely clinically significant. The aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to describe CT features of maxillary and mandibular incisor pseudo-odontomas vs. normal incisors in a group of pet prairie dogs. All pet prairie dogs with head CT scans acquired during the period of 2013-2015 were included. A veterinary radiologist who was aware of final diagnosis reviewed CT scans and recorded qualitative features of affected and normal incisors...
January 29, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104121/liver-failure-from-ultra-short-bowel-syndrome-on-the-intestinal-transplant-waiting-list-a-retrospective-study
#5
Y Noguchi, T Ueno, R Matsuura, T Kodama, K Deguchi, S Umeda, T Yamamichi, K Nakahata, M Zenitani, Y Takama, H Yamanaka, Y Tazuke, H Okuyama
BACKGROUND: Patients with intestinal failure (IF) are candidates for intestinal transplantation (ITx). In Japan, these patients have few opportunities to undergo cadaveric ITx because of low rates of organ donation. The donor criteria and recipient priority for ITx are still unknown. We reviewed our cases of IF to investigate which patients should be prioritized for ITx. METHODS: Patients with IF who were registered as candidates for cadaveric ITx between January 2010 and November 2015 in our institute were included in this retrospective study...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069781/acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-associated-with-abdominal-paracentesis
#6
Michael Patrick Turner, Sophie Arndtz, George MacFaul
A 61-year-old man presented with accumulation of ascites secondary to alcoholic liver disease. He had an ascitic drain sited and 24 hours later he developed acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO). This is a rare condition previously associated with major surgery and severe sepsis. The patient did well with conservative management, and avoided the need for endoscopic decompression or surgical intervention. We believe that this is the first report of ACPO secondary to abdominal paracentesis.
January 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043906/heterotrimeric-g-stimulatory-protein-alpha-subunit-is-required-for-intestinal-smooth-muscle-contraction-in-mice
#7
Xiaoteng Qin, Shangming Liu, Qiulun Lu, Meng Zhang, Xiuxin Jiang, Sanyuan Hu, Jingxin Li, Cheng Zhang, Jiangang Gao, Min-Sheng Zhu, Yun Zhang, Wencheng Zhang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The alpha subunit of the heterotrimeric G stimulatory protein (Gsa), encoded by the guanine nucleotide binding protein, alpha stimulating gene (Gnas, in mice), is expressed ubiquitously and mediates receptor-stimulated production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and activation of the protein kinase A signaling pathway. We investigated the roles of Gsa in vivo in smooth muscle cells of mice. METHODS: We performed studies of mice with Cre recombinase-mediated disruption of Gnas in smooth muscle cells (Gsa(SMKO) and SM22-CreER(T2), induced in adult mice by tamoxifen)...
December 30, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043313/ogilvie-s-syndrome
#8
Muhammad Waqas Khan, Sanniya Khan Ghauri, Sara Shamim
Ogilvie's syndrome, also known as 'paralytic ileus of the colon', is characterised by pseudo-obstruction of the large intestine in the absence of any mechanical obstructing component; and presents as a massively distended abdomen. If left untreated, it may lead to bowel perforation or ischemia. Ogilvie's syndrome usually presents as a postsurgical complication, mainly due to the lack and/or restriction of movement coupled with a possible electrolyte imbalance. Here, we present a case of a pre-surgical 63-year lady, having a right hip fracture, who came with complaints of severe abdominal pain and distension for 4 days...
December 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025959/hypokalemia-associated-with-acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-in-an-esrd-patient
#9
Khaled Boobés, Robert M Rosa, Daniel Batlle
Ogilvie's syndrome, or acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, is characterized by massive dilation of the colon without mechanical obstruction. Water and electrolytes often can be sequestered in the dilated intestinal loops resulting in profuse and watery diarrhea as well as hypokalemia. We report an anuric, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patient undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) who developed acute colonic pseudo-obstruction causing a prolonged hospitalization. He also developed severe hypokalemia with a serum potassium (K+) as low as 2...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862707/pharmacotherapy-in-patients-with-pediatric-cipo-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#10
Naoki Hashizume, Minoru Yagi, Kosuke Ushijima, Yoshitaka Seki, Suguru Fukahori, Mitsuru Muto, Hiroshi Matsufuji, Tomoaki Taguchi
PURPOSE: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare disabling and life-threatening disorder characterized by a severe impairment of gastrointestinal peristalsis. With respect to pharmacotherapy, while a number of agents have been developed, only a few trials have attempted to improve the pathological condition of patients with CIPO. This report presents the actual findings of pharmacotherapy in the patients with pediatric CIPO from the view point of a nationwide survey on the actual situation in Japan...
November 12, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765806/perforated-jejunal-diverticulum-a-rare-case-of-acute-abdomen
#11
Rishabh Sehgal, Cherry X Cheung, Tristram Hills, Aqueel Waris, Donagh Healy, Tahir Khan
Jejunal pseudo-diverticulosis is a rare acquired herniation of the mucosa and submucosa through weakened areas of the muscularis mucosa of the mesenteric aspect of the bowel. They are asymptomatic in the majority of cases; however, they can present with a wide spectrum of non-specific symptoms such as chronic abdominal discomfort, postprandial flatulence, diarrhoea, malabsorption and steattorhoea. In up to 15% of cases, more serious acute complications may arise such as the development of intestinal obstruction, haemorrhage or as in our case, localized peritonitis secondary to perforation...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753983/sy-09-1-lowering-salt-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-what-is-the-evidence
#12
Francesco Cappuccio
The evidence. Salt (i.e. sodium chloride) is causally related to blood pressure (BP). The higher the salt intake, the higher the BP, an effect seen since birth. A small and sustained reduction in salt intake causes a fall in BP. The evidence from controlled studies, small and large, short and long, all agree on the following: (1) salt intake is one of the major determinants of BP in populations and individuals; (2) a reduction in salt intake causes a dose-dependent reduction in BP - the lower the salt the lower the BP; (3) the effect is seen in both sexes, in people of all ages and ethnic groups, and with all starting BPs...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729404/laboratory-monitoring-of-children-on-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-prospective-study
#13
Amber Smith, Mary Beth Feuling, Catherine Larson-Nath, Catherine Karls, Megan Van Hoorn, Cassandra L S Walia, Carly Leon, Elaine Danner, Pam Opichka, Lori Duesing, Alfonso Martinez, Praveen S Goday
BACKGROUND: The primary hypothesis of this article is that a team approach in creating a protocolized laboratory monitoring schedule for home parenteral nutrition (PN) patients improves patient safety by decreasing the occurrence of nutrition deficiencies and is cost-effective. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study of home PN patients, each patient followed an established protocol of laboratory monitoring and weekly review by an interdisciplinary team of dietitians, nurses, and physicians...
October 11, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720179/two-new-mutations-of-the-clmp-gene-identified-in-a-newborn-presenting-congenital-short-bowel-syndrome
#14
Lucile Gonnaud, Maria M Alves, Clara Cremillieux, Kareen Billiemaz, Sylvie Destombe, François Varlet, Manuel Lopez, Laurène Trapes, Renaud Touraine, Robert M W Hofstra, Hugues Patural
Congenital short-bowel syndrome (CSBS) is a rare neonatal pathology associated with poor prognosis and high mortality rate. We describe a newborn presenting CSBS intestinal malrotation and chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction syndrome (CIPS), compound heterozygous for two previously unreported heterozygous mutations in Coxsackie and adenovirus receptor-like membrane protein (CLMP) gene, one in intron 1 (c.28+1G>C), the other on exon 4 (c502C>T, p.R168X). Both mutations are predicted to be pathogenic, leading to impaired splicing and the appearance of a premature stop codon, respectively...
December 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708513/percutaneous-endoscopic-colostomy-a-useful-technique-when-surgery-is-not-an-option
#15
Gloria Tun, Dominic Bullas, Ayman Bannaga, Elmuhtady M Said
Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy (PEC) is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure that offers an alternative treatment for high-risk patients with sigmoid volvulus or intestinal pseudo-obstruction who have tried conventional treatment options without success or those who are unfit for surgery. The procedure acts as an irrigation or decompressing channel and provides colonic 'fixation' to the anterior abdominal wall. The risk of complications highlights the importance of informed consent for patients and relatives...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694873/smooth-muscle-myopathy-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-presenting-with-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction
#16
Chen Yang, Simon Chen, Joseph P Gaut, Louis P Dehner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683196/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-in-children-and-adults-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-options
#17
REVIEW
G Di Nardo, C Di Lorenzo, A Lauro, V Stanghellini, N Thapar, T B Karunaratne, U Volta, R De Giorgio
BACKGROUND: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) represents the most severe form of gastrointestinal dysmotility with debilitating and potentially lethal consequences. Symptoms can be non-specific, and result in this condition being diagnosed incorrectly or too late with consequences for morbidity and even mortality. PURPOSE: The present article aims to provide pediatric and adult gastroenterologists with an up to date review about clinical features, diagnosis and therapeutic options for CIPO...
January 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669829/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-clinical-and-manometric-characteristics-in-the-chilean-population
#18
Edith Pérez de Arce, Glauben Landskron, Sandra Hirsch, Carlos Defilippi, Ana María Madrid
Background/Aims: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare syndrome characterized by a failure of the propulsion of intraluminal content and recurrent symptoms of partial bowel obstruction in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Regional variations of the intestinal compromise have been described. Intestinal manometry can indicate the pathophysiology and prognosis. Our objective is to establish the demographic and clinical characteristics of group Chilean patients and analyze the motility of the small intestine and its prognostic value...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662199/amyloid-pseudo-dacryolith-and-nasolacrimal-obstruction-in-a-67-year-old-male
#19
Mark R Levine, Shane B Seipel, Thomas P Plesec, Bryan R Costin
A 67-year-old male with a 35-year history of left-sided epiphora presented with a nonpainful, noninflamed, left medial canthal mass and complete left nasolacrimal obstruction. During routine dacryocystorhinostomy, a lesion was present within the lacrimal sac that mimicked a lacrimal stone in appearance but with a consistency concerning for malignancy. Histologically, the lesion displayed apple-green birefringence on polarized light microscopy and Congo red staining. The patient was referred to the hematology service for evaluation, which failed to reveal systemic disease...
September 21, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642894/sy-09-1-lowering-salt-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-what-is-the-evidence
#20
Francesco Cappuccio
The evidence. Salt (i.e. sodium chloride) is causally related to blood pressure (BP). The higher the salt intake, the higher the BP, an effect seen since birth. A small and sustained reduction in salt intake causes a fall in BP. The evidence from controlled studies, small and large, short and long, all agree on the following: (1) salt intake is one of the major determinants of BP in populations and individuals; (2) a reduction in salt intake causes a dose-dependent reduction in BP - the lower the salt the lower the BP; (3) the effect is seen in both sexes, in people of all ages and ethnic groups, and with all starting BPs...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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