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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340482/the-effect-of-interprofessional-team-based-learning-among-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Arkers Kwan Ching Wong, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Lap Ki Chan, Namkiu Chan, Fraide A Ganotice, Jacqueline Ho
BACKGROUND: Although interprofessional education has received attention in recent years as a means of providing opportunities for health-care professionals to learn with, from and about other disciplines and enhance the quality of patient care, evidence of its effectiveness is limited. Interprofessional team-based learning was introduced to make it possible for students in different healthcare disciplines to interact with each other, and to prepare them to function effectively within a team in their future career...
March 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340143/protecting-pain-patients-the-evaluation-of-a-chronic-pain-educational-intervention
#2
Simon Holliday, Chris Hayes, Adrian Dunlop, Simon Morgan, Amanda Tapley, Kim Henderson, Briony Larance, Parker Magin
Introduction. : Advocacy and commercially funded education successfully reduced barriers to the provision of long-term opioid analgesia. The subsequent escalation of opioid prescribing for chronic noncancer pain has seen increasing harms without improved pain outcomes. Methods. : This was a one-group pretest-posttest design study. A multidisciplinary team developed a chronic pain educational package for general practitioner trainees emphasizing limitations, risk-mitigation, and deprescribing of opioids with transition to active self-care...
March 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337094/prevalence-and-correlates-of-job-stress-among-junior-doctors-in-the-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#3
J O Adeolu, O B Yussuf, O A Popoola
BACKGROUND: Doctors respond differently to their complex work environment, some find it stimulating while others find it stressful. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of stress among junior doctors in a teaching hospital in Southwest Nigeria. METHOD: A descriptive cross sectional survey of all junior doctors employed at the University College Hospital, Ibadan was carried out. Information was collected with a structured pretested questionnaire from 253 doctors...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335446/knowledge-self-confidence-and-attitudes-towards-suicidal-patients-at-emergency-and-psychiatric-departments-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-an-educational-poster-campaign
#4
Renate van Landschoot, Gwendolyn Portzky, Kees van Heeringen
Educational posters are used to enhance knowledge, attitudes and self-confidence of patients. Little is known on their effectiveness for educating health care professionals. As these professionals may play an important role in suicide prevention, the effects of a poster and accompanying evaluation and triage guide on knowledge, self-confidence and attitudes regarding suicidal thoughts and behaviours, were studied in a multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial, involving staff from 39 emergency and 38 psychiatric departments throughout Flanders (n = 1171)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334505/effectiveness-of-an-evidence-based-practice-nurse-mentor-training-program
#5
LeeAnna Spiva, Patricia L Hart, Sara Patrick, Jessica Waggoner, Charon Jackson, Jamie L Threatt
BACKGROUND: Multiple reasons are cited for why nurses do not incorporate evidence into clinical practice, including lack of knowledge and skills, training, time, and organizational support. AIMS: To investigate the effectiveness of a mentor training program on mentors' perceptions of knowledge, attitude, skill, and confidence levels, and organizational readiness related to evidence-based practice (EBP) and research utilization; and to investigate the effectiveness of creating a formalized structure to enculturate EBP in order to prepare nurses to incorporate EBP into clinical practice on nurses' perceptions of knowledge, attitude, skill levels, barriers, nursing leadership, and organizational support related to EBP and research utilization...
March 23, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333821/committee-opinion-no-693-counseling-about-genetic-testing-and-communication-of-genetic-test-results
#6
(no author information available yet)
Given the increasing availability and complexity of genetic testing, it is imperative that the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist or other health care provider has a firm comprehension of the benefits, limitations, and risks of offering a specific genetic test, as well as the importance of appropriate pretest and posttest counseling. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to provide an outline of how obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care providers can best incorporate these tests into their current practices and provide appropriate pretest and posttest counseling to patients...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333813/committee-opinion-no-693-summary-counseling-about-genetic-testing-and-communication-of-genetic-test-results
#7
(no author information available yet)
Given the increasing availability and complexity of genetic testing, it is imperative that the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist or other health care provider has a firm comprehension of the benefits, limitations, and risks of offering a specific genetic test, as well as the importance of appropriate pretest and posttest counseling. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to provide an outline of how obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care providers can best incorporate these tests into their current practices and provide appropriate pretest and posttest counseling to patients...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333793/six-month-follow-up-of-a-regional-evidence-based-practice-fellowship-program
#8
Son Chae Kim, Jaynelle F Stichler, Laurie Ecoff, Ana-Maria Gallo, Judy E Davidson
OBJECTIVE: This study examined a 6-month follow-up of a regional evidence-based practice (EBP) fellowship program and the predictors of EBP adoption at hospital units. BACKGROUND: The immediate beneficial effects of a regional EBP program are known, but the medium-term effects are not certain. METHODS: A matched pretest/posttest study was conducted using a mailed questionnaire 6 months after the completion of a 9-month regional EBP fellowship program among 3 annual cohorts of participants...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333705/inhaled-remimazolam-potentiates-inhaled-remifentanil-in-rodents
#9
Tatjana Bevans, Cassandra Deering-Rice, Chris Stockmann, Joseph Rower, Derek Sakata, Christopher Reilly
BACKGROUND: Remimazolam is an ester-based short-acting benzodiazepine currently in clinical trials for IV administration. This study explored the feasibility of delivering remimazolam alone and as an adjunct to remifentanil via inhalation in rodent models. METHODS: Mice were exposed to remimazolam via inhalation; sedation was assessed using time to movement outside a set perimeter. Rats were also exposed to remimazolam aerosol alone and in combination with inhaled remifentanil, and analgesia was quantified by using a tail flick meter...
March 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333567/aboriginal-cultural-competency-in-dietetics-a-national-survey-of-canadian-registered-dietitians
#10
Paige Huycke, Jillian Ingribelli, Lee Rysdale
Little has been published on cultural competency curriculum and dietetics considering the impact of food-related beliefs and behaviours on health. A 14-item online survey was administered in January 2016 to 145 participants (125 members of Dietitians of Canada Aboriginal Nutrition Network and 20 dietitians with an interest in Aboriginal nutrition). Questions included multiple choice and ranking responses and were pretested by 4 preceptors with the Northern Ontario Dietetic Internship Program (NODIP). Quantitative data analysis included frequencies, pivot tables, and averaging/grouping of ranking scores...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333510/comparing-treatments-for-children-with-adhd-and-word-reading-difficulties-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Leanne Tamm, Carolyn A Denton, Jeffery N Epstein, Christopher Schatschneider, Heather Taylor, L Eugene Arnold, Oscar Bukstein, Julia Anixt, Anson Koshy, Nicholas C Newman, Jan Maltinsky, Patricia Brinson, Richard E A Loren, Mary R Prasad, Linda Ewing-Cobbs, Aaron Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: This trial compared attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment alone, intensive reading intervention alone, and their combination for children with ADHD and word reading difficulties and disabilities (RD). METHOD: Children (n = 216; predominantly African American males) in Grades 2-5 with ADHD and word reading/decoding deficits were randomized to ADHD treatment (medication + parent training), reading treatment (reading instruction), or combined ADHD + reading treatment...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332294/farm-level-risk-factors-associated-with-bovine-tuberculosis-in-the-dairy-sector-in-eritrea
#12
M K Ghebremariam, A L Michel, M Nielen, J C M Vernooij, V P M G Rutten
The aim of our study was to determine the association of selected potential risk factors with the presence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in dairy herds in Eritrea. A case-control study was conducted in the three major milk-producing regions of the country by stratified random sampling of 61 case and 65 control herds combined with completion of a standardized pretested questionnaire pertaining 36 relevant risk factors (variables). The variables were divided into two clusters, based on potential association with either "introduction" or "establishment" of BTB on the farms to elucidate association with incident or prevalent cases separately...
March 22, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331348/molecular-detection-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-among-smear-positive-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-in-jigjiga-town-ethiopia
#13
Mussie Brhane, Ameha Kebede, Yohannes Petros
BACKGROUND: Molecular methods that target drug resistance mutations are suitable approaches for rapid drug susceptibility testing to detect multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The aim of the study was to determine MDR-TB cases and to analyze the frequency of gene mutations associated with rifampicin (RIF) and/or isoniazid (INH) resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis among smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients. METHODS: Institution-based cross-sectional study design was employed...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326560/sex-chromosome-aneuploidy-detection-by-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-helpful-or-hazardous
#14
Rosemary E Reiss, Marie Discenza, Judith Foster, Lori Dobson, Louise Wilkins-Haug
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) predicted by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), assess test performance, and compare it with nuchal translucency (NT) screening among patients seen in our prenatal diagnosis center. METHODS: We identified suspected cases of SCA by reviewing results from all NIPT samples sent from our center to commercial laboratories offering analysis by cell-free DNA between December 1, 2012 to July 31, 2015...
March 21, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325111/test-of-mindfulness-based-psychosocial-skills-training-to-%C3%A4-mprove-insight-and-functional-recovery-in-schizophrenia
#15
Emine Yılmaz, Ayşe Okanlı
This study was conducted with two groups (training and control) using a pretest/posttest design to determine the effect of mindfulness-based psychosocial skills training for improving insight and functional recovery levels in patients with schizophrenia. The study sample included 45 patients with schizophrenia (21 were in the training group/mindfulness-based psychosocial skills training and 24 were in the control group/standard drug medication). The data were collected using a Personal Information Form, Functional Remission of General Schizophrenia (FROGS) scale, and Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS)...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321906/development-and-feasibility-of-a-community-partnered-nutrition-intervention-targeting-rural-migrant-communities-in-the-dominican-republic
#16
Genevieve Maliszewski, Maithe Enriquez, An-Lin Cheng, Pamela Logan, Jennifer Watts
OBJECTIVE: Research on health initiatives for rural batey communities in the Dominican Republic is needed. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This study utilized a pretest-posttest design to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a nutritional intervention targeting rural migrant sugarcane families. Participants (N = 310) were primarily female (61%) and ranged in age from 13 to 64 years (M = 25.9; SD = 10.4). A convenience sample was recruited from six rural bateyes in the southern region of the Dominican Republic...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319696/behavioral-activation-versus-physical-activity-via-the-internet-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Markus B T Nyström, Andreas Stenling, Emma Sjöström, Gregory Neely, Philip Lindner, Peter Hassmén, Gerhard Andersson, Christopher Martell, Per Carlbring
BACKGROUND: A major problem today is that only about fifty percent of those affected by depression seeks help. One way to reach more sufferers would be by offering easily accessible internet based treatments. The purpose of this study was to compare/evaluate four therapist supported internet administered treatments. METHOD/RESULTS: Two hundred eighty six participants were included. The treatment period lasted twelve weeks, consisting of the following treatments: 1) physical activity without treatment rational, 2) physical activity with treatment rational, 3) behavioral activation without treatment rational and 4) behavioral activation with treatment rational...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315145/educational-intervention-on-undergraduate-cancer-awareness-and-self-directed-learning
#18
Lih-Lian Hwang
Traditional lecture-based learning (LBL) can increase cancer awareness in undergraduates. However, because of the rapidly changing knowledge base in medicine, undergraduates must develop skills required for lifelong self-directed learning (SDL). Problem-based learning (PBL) has been suggested as an SDL approach. This study used a nonequivalent control group with a pretest-posttest design for comparing PBL and LBL for their effectiveness in increasing cancer awareness and SDL among nonmedicine or nonnursing major undergraduates in a health-related general education course...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315036/diagnosing-chronic-pancreatitis
#19
REVIEW
Ahmad Anaizi, Phil A Hart, Darwin L Conwell
Diagnosing CP can range from routine in those with severe disease and obvious calcifications on CT imaging to elusive in those patients with early changes in CP. The workup of suspected CP should follow a progressively noninvasive to more invasive STEP-wise approach in a patient with a suspicious clinical presentation and risk factors that raise their pretest probability of disease. After a thorough history and physical examination, basic laboratories should be obtained such as lipase, amylase, metabolic panel, and indirect PFTs (fecal elastase-1, serum trypsin)...
March 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314060/-these-power-lines-make-me-ill-a-typology-of-residents-health-responses-to-a-new-high-voltage-power-line
#20
Jarry T Porsius, Liesbeth Claassen, Fred Woudenberg, Tjabe Smid, Danielle R M Timmermans
Little attention has been devoted to the potential diversity in residents' health responses when exposed to an uncertain environmental health risk. The present study explores whether subgroups of residents respond differently to a new high-voltage power line (HVPL) being put into operation. We used a quasi-experimental prospective field study design with two pretests during the construction of a new HVPL, and two posttests after it was put into operation. Residents living nearby (0-300 m, n = 229) filled out questionnaires about their health and their perception of the environment...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
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