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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351500/differential-learning-as-a-key-training-approach-to-improve-creative-and-tactical-behavior-in-soccer
#1
Sara Santos, Diogo Coutinho, Bruno Gonçalves, Wolfgang Schöllhorn, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a differential-learning program, embedded in small-sided games, on the creative and tactical behavior of youth soccer players. Forty players from under-13 (U13) and under-15 (U15) were allocated into control and experimental groups and were tested using a randomized pretest to posttest design using small-sided games situations. METHOD: The experimental group participated in a 5-month differential-learning program embodied in small-sided games situations, while the control group participated in a typical small-sided games training program...
January 19, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347931/attitudes-towards-tooth-fillings-in-tanzanian-adults-and-its-association-with-previous-filling-experience
#2
Kasusu K Nyamuryekung'e, Satu M Lahti, Risto J Tuominen
BACKGROUND: Tooth filling treatment is utilized at low levels in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs), further, little is known about the prevailing attitudes towards such treatment. This study aimed to assess attitudes towards tooth filling among Tanzanian adults and how previous tooth filling experience is associated with these attitudes. METHODS: A pretested structured questionnaire was distributed among 1522 out-patients in four regional hospitals in Tanzania in 2015-16...
January 18, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344335/glycemic-control-among-primary-care-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#3
Mahmoud Radwan, Aymen Elsous, Hasnaa Al-Sharif, Ayman Abu Mustafa
Aim: In this study, we aimed to assess the level of good glycemic control, to determine association between adherence to antidiabetic medications and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and to examine factors influencing good glycemic control. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional design was employed among 369 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from four Ministry of Health health centers in 2016. A sample of 3 ml blood was taken to measure the HbA1c, and patients were asked to fill out a pretested questionnaire...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343219/the-preliminary-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-intervention-on-improving-the-skeletal-muscle-mass-index-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-life-among-older-people-with-sarcopenia
#4
Shu-Fang Chang, Pei-Chen Lin, Rong-Sen Yang, Rea-Jeng Yang
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that sarcopenia easily leads to difficulty moving, disability, and poor quality of life. However, researches on the use of whole-body vibration for older adults with sarcopenia living in institutions have been lacking. Therefore, the main objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration intervention on improving the skeletal muscle mass index, physical fitness, and quality of life of older adults with sarcopenia living in institutions...
January 17, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341815/development-and-validation-of-simulated-virtual-patients-to-impart-early-clinical-exposure-in-endocrine-physiology
#5
Akriti Gupta, Satendra Singh, Farah Khaliq, Upreet Dhaliwal, S V Madhu
In the country presently, preclinical medical students are not routinely exposed to real patients. Thus, when they start clinical postings, they are found to have poor clinical reasoning skills. Simulated virtual patients (SVPs) can improve clinical skills without endangering real patients. This pilot study describes the development of two SVPs in endocrine physiology and their validation in terms of acquisition of clinical knowledge and student engagement. Two SVPs, Nandini Sharma (unintentional weight gain) and Sunil Yadav (polyuria), were created and published on the i-Human Patients platform through an iterative, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary collaborative process using the conceptual framework of Kim et al...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340869/intervention-effect-of-repetitive-tms-on-behavioral-adjustment-after-error-commission-in-long-term-methamphetamine-addicts-evidence-from-a-two-choice-oddball-task
#6
Qiongdan Liang, Jia Lin, Jiemin Yang, Xiang Li, Yijiang Chen, Xianxin Meng, Jiajin Yuan
Behavioral adjustment plays an important role in the treatment and relapse of drug addiction. Nonetheless, few studies have examined behavioral adjustment and its plasticity following error commission in methamphetamine (METH) dependence, which is detrimental to human health. Thus, we investigated the behavioral adjustment performance following error commission in long-term METH addicts and how it varied with the application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
January 16, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340276/clinical-value-of-ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-embolism-in-critically-ill-patients
#7
Ran Zhu, Xiao-Chun Ma
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a clinical emergency that will increase the mortality if complicated with unstable hemodynamics. Because of its nonspecific clinical symptoms, it's a great challenge to make a PE diagnosis. The golden standard to diagnose PE is computed tomography of pulmonary artery (CTPA), but a diagnosis of PE also composed of evaluation of PE risk factors, possibilities, and risk stratification. Ultrasonography may detect right ventricle strain related to hemodynamic change, intravascular thrombosis, thrombosis in right heart or pulmonary arteries, pulmonary infarction, and local pleural effusion...
December 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340158/follicular-thyroid-cancer-avid-on-c-11-methionine-pet-ct
#8
Mads Ryø Jochumsen, Peter Iversen, Anne Kirstine Arveschoug
A case of follicular thyroid cancer with intense focal Methionine uptake on 11C-Methionine PET/CT is reported here. The use of 11C-Methionine PET in differentiated thyroid cancer is currently being investigated as a surrogate tracer compared to the more widely used 18F-FDG PET. This case illustrates the potential incremental value of this modality, not only in the localizing of parathyroid adenoma, but also indicating that 11C-Methionine PET might have a potential of increasing the pretest likelihood of thyroid malignancy in a cold nodule with highly increased Sestamibi uptake...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338877/german-travelers-preferences-for-travel-vaccines-assessed-by-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#9
Christine Poulos, Desmond Curran, Anastassia Anastassopoulou, Laurence De Moerlooze
BACKGROUND: Many travelers to regions with endemic infectious diseases do not follow health authorities' recommendations regarding vaccination against vaccine-preventable infectious diseases, before traveling. The determinants of individual travelers' decisions to vaccinate before traveling are largely unknown. This study aimed to provide this information using a discrete choice experiment (DCE) administered to four types of German travelers: (1) business travelers; (2) travelers visiting friends and relatives (VFR); (3) leisure travelers; and (4) backpackers...
January 12, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338585/the-effects-of-a-nutrition-media-literacy-intervention-on-parents-and-youths-communication-about-food
#10
Erica Weintraub Austin, Bruce W Austin, Brian F French, Marilyn A Cohen
Interventions addressing links between media exposure and obesity risk for school-age youth have not explicitly addressed the role of family communication about media. Youths' influence attempts on parents to purchase advertised foods can create conflict and negatively affect parental food choices. This study tested whether a family-based media literacy curriculum improves parents' media management skills and decreases youths' susceptibility to appealing but unrealistic food marketing. A matched-group pretest/posttest field experiment of parent-youth dyads with control group (N = 100 dyads, youth M = 11 years of age) tested the six-session curriculum...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337091/a-clinically-meaningful-interpretation-of-the-prospective-investigation-of-pulmonary-embolism-diagnosis-pioped-ii-and-iii-data
#11
Paul Cronin, Ben A Dwamena
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to calculate the multiple-level likelihood ratios (LRs) and posttest probabilities for a positive, indeterminate, or negative test result for multidetector computed tomography pulmonary angiography (MDCTPA) ± computed tomography venography (CTV) and magnetic resonance pulmonary angiography (MRPA) ± magnetic resonance venography (MRV) for each clinical probability level (two-, three-, and four-level) for the nine most commonly used clinical prediction rules (CPRs) (Wells, Geneva, Miniati, and Charlotte)...
January 11, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335003/antihypertensive-medication-adherence-and-associated-factors-among-adult-hypertensive-patients-at-jimma-university-specialized-hospital-southwest-ethiopia
#12
Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom, Tesfay Mehari Atey, Tigestu Alemu Desse
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antihypertensive medications is a key component to control blood pressure levels. Poor adherence to these medications leads to the development of hypertensive complications and increase risk of cardiovascular events which in turn reduces the ultimate clinical outcome. The purpose of this study was to assess antihypertensive medication adherence and associated factors among adult hypertensive patients. A hospital-based cross-sectional study among adult hypertensive patients was conducted at hypertensive follow-up clinic of Jimma University Specialized Hospital from March 4, 2015 to April 3, 2015...
January 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334790/cognitive-work-hardening-for-return-to-work-following-depression-an-intervention-study-le-r%C3%A3-entra%C3%A3-nement-cognitif-au-travail-pour-favoriser-le-retour-au-travail-%C3%A3-la-suite-d-une-d%C3%A3-pression-%C3%A3-tude-d-intervention
#13
Adeena Wisenthal, Terry Krupa, Bonnie H Kirsh, Rosemary Lysaght
BACKGROUND: Work absences due to depression are prevalent; however, few interventions exist to address the return-to-work challenges following a depressive episode. PURPOSE: This mixed-methods study aimed to (a) evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive work hardening in preparing people with depression to return to work and (b) identify key elements of the intervention. METHOD: A single group ( n = 21) pretest-posttest study design was used incorporating self-report measures (Work Ability Index, Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue, Beck Depression Inventory II) with interviews at intervention completion and at 3-month follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334581/gender-and-muscle-specific-responses-during-fatiguing-exercise
#14
Ethan C Hill, Terry J Housh, Cory M Smith, Richard J Schmidt, Glen O Johnson
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine potential gender-related differences in electromyographic (EMG) and mechanomyographic (MMG) responses during submaximal, concentric, isokinetic, forearm flexion muscle contractions. Twelve men and twelve women performed concentric peak torque trials prior to (pretest) and following (posttest) a fatiguing exercise bout that consisted of 50 submaximal (65% of concentric peak torque), concentric, isokinetic (60°·s), forearm flexion muscle contractions. Surface EMG and MMG signals were simultaneously recorded from the biceps brachii and brachioradialis muscles...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332544/the-possible-use-of-preoperative-natriuretic-peptides-for-discriminating-low-versus-moderate-high-surgical-risk-patient
#15
Luigi Vetrugno, Daniele Orso, Carola Matellon, Marilù Giaccalone, Tiziana Bove, Elena Bignami
Perioperative risk scores for patients undergoing noncardiac surgery are generally considered inaccurate, poor, or, at best, modest. We propose estimating a patient's pretest and posttest probability of cardiac morbidity and death using the preoperative scoring system plus the negative likelihood ratio from brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) or N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) plasma levels. Our clinical challenge scenario showed a pretest probability of postoperative major cardiac complications with the patient risk factor as 6...
January 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332021/the-effects-of-reflexology-on-fatigue-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Afitap Ozdelikara, Seval Agcadiken Alkan
Context • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. In addition to the progressive nature of the disease, devastating symptoms adversely affect the patient's daily life and future expectations. This situation leads patients to seek complementary and alternative treatments. Objectives • This study was conducted to determine the effects of reflexology on fatigue severity and anxiety in patients with MS. Design • The research was a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332011/examining-the-utility-of-cystatin-c-as-a-confirmatory-test-of-chronic-kidney-disease-across-the-age-range-in-middle-aged-and-older-community-dwelling-adults
#17
Mark Canney, Donal J Sexton, Neil O'Leary, Martin Healy, Rose Anne Kenny, Mark A Little, Conall M O'Seaghdha
BACKGROUND: Cystatin C has been proposed as a confirmatory test of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is most applicable to older individuals with CKD, the majority of whom have a creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 45-59 mL/min/1.73 m2 (CKD stage 3a). We sought to examine the utility of cystatin C as a confirmatory test of CKD across the age range in the general population of older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 5386 participants from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, a cluster-sampled national cohort of community-dwelling adults aged ≥50 years...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330992/client-satisfaction-and-decision-making-amongst-females-visiting-family-planning-clinics-in-hyderabad-pakistan
#18
Arbia Memon, Saima Hamid, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Family Planning is the basic right of the human being. It involves decision regarding the number of children and desired space between children by the couple themselves. Quality services involving multiple dimensions build the confidence of the clients and lack of quality is one of the constraints behind incomplete coverage of family planning. Objectives of the current study were to determine the client satisfaction, decision-making process and various influences on clients in adopting family planning methods...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329890/pain-motion-and-function-comparison-of-two-exercise-protocols-for-the-rotator-cuff-and-scapular-stabilizers-in-patients-with-subacromial-syndrome
#19
Eva Vallés-Carrascosa, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, José Jesús Jiménez-Rejano, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Alexander Achalandabaso Ochoa
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. INTRODUCTION: Eccentric exercise (EE) was shown to be an effective treatment in tendinopathies. However, the evidence of its effectiveness in subacromial syndrome (SS) is scarce. Moreover, consensus has not been reached on whether best results for SS are obtained by means of EE with or without pain. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this is to compare the effect on pain, active range of motion (AROM), and shoulder function of an exercise protocol performed with pain <40 mm Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and without pain, in patients with SS...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328358/team-development-measure-in-interprofessional-graduate-education-a-pilot-study
#20
Lora Humphrey Beebe, Marian Roman, Gary Skolits, Hollie Raynor, Dixie Thompson, Andrea Franks
A faculty team developed the 4-week Recovery-Based Interprofessional Distance Education (RIDE) rotation for graduate students in their disciplines. The evaluation team identified the Team Development Measure (TDM) as a potential alternative to reflect team development during the RIDE rotation. The TDM, completed anonymously online, was piloted on the second student cohort (N = 18) to complete the RIDE rotation. The overall pretest mean was 60.73 points (SD = 11.85) of a possible 100 points, indicating that students anticipated their RIDE team would function at a moderately high level during the 4-week rotation...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
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