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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431305/cognitive-behavioral-high-parental-involvement-treatments-for-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Marina Iniesta-Sepúlveda, Ana I Rosa-Alcázar, Julio Sánchez-Meca, José L Parada-Navas, Ángel Rosa-Alcázar
A meta-analysis on the efficacy of cognitive-behavior-family treatment (CBFT) on children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was accomplished. The purposes of the study were: (a) to estimate the effect magnitude of CBFT in ameliorating obsessive-compulsive symptoms and reducing family accommodation on pediatric OCD and (b) to identify potential moderator variables of the effect sizes. A literature search enabled us to identify 27 studies that fulfilled our selection criteria. The effect size index was the standardized pretest-postest mean change index...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422367/microtensile-bond-strength-of-a-resin-cement-to-silica-based-and-y-tzp-ceramics-using-different-surface-treatments
#2
Alireza Keshvad, Seyed Mohammad Reza Hakimaneh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of different surface treatments on the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of bonding between resin cement and lithia or zirconia-based ceramics using an in vitro study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three zirconia ceramic blocks (IPS e.max ZirCAD) and three lithium disilicate ceramic blocks (IPS e.max CAD) were sintered and duplicated in resin composite. The zirconia specimens underwent various treatments (n = 1): (i) Sandblast + primer (ZiSa); (ii) sandblast + laser irradiation + primer (ZiSaLa); or (iii) laser irradiation + primer (ZiLa)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421118/pattern-of-traditional-medicine-utilization-among-hiv-aids-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy-at-a-university-hospital-in-northwestern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Abyot Endale Gurmu, Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Wondmagegn Tamiru Tadesse
The objective of this study was to assess traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) utilization pattern among HIV/AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy at University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. Materials and Methods. Data on sociodemographic profile and clinical and TCAM utilization were collected using a structured, pretested questionnaire from April 01 to May 28, 2014, through interviews with patients. Data on CD4 count, HIV stage, and ART regimen were collected from patient records...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420573/low-levels-of-physical-activity-in-sudanese-individuals-with-some-features-of-metabolic-syndrome-population-based-study
#4
Samah Khalil, Ahmed O Almobarak, Heitham Awadalla, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sufian K Noor, Amel A Sulaiman, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of physical activity among Sudanese population. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study composed of 323 participants from Khartoum state, Sudan. Data collected using pretested designed questionnaire based on previously validated Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. The demographic and physical measurement including blood glucose, anthropometric and blood pressure. RESULTS: The Mean age of participants was 35...
April 7, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418685/does-a-physical-activity-program-in-the-nursing-home-impact-on-depressive-symptoms-a-generalized-linear-mixed-model-approach
#5
Mona Diegelmann, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Hans-Werner Wahl, Oliver K Schilling, Eva-Luisa Schnabel, Klaus Hauer
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) may counteract depressive symptoms in nursing home (NH) residents considering biological, psychological, and person-environment transactional pathways. Empirical results, however, have remained inconsistent. Addressing potential shortcomings of previous research, we examined the effect of a whole-ecology PA intervention program on NH residents' depressive symptoms using generalized linear mixed-models (GLMMs). METHOD: We used longitudinal data from residents of two German NHs who were included without any pre-selection regarding physical and mental functioning (n = 163, Mage = 83...
April 18, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415065/acute-effect-of-biomechanical-muscle-stimulation-on-the-counter-movement-vertical-jump-power-and-velocity-in-division-i-football-players
#6
Bert H Jacobson, Taylor P Monaghan, John H Sellers, Eric C Conchola, Zach K Pope, Rob G Glass
Jacobson, BH, Monaghan, TP, Sellers, JH, Conchola, EC, Pope, ZK, and Glass, RG. Acute effect of biomechanical muscle stimulation on the counter-movement vertical jump power and velocity in division I football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(5): 1259-1264, 2017-Research regarding whole body vibration (WBV) largely supports such training augmentation in attempts to increase muscle strength and power. However, localized biomechanical vibration has not received the same attention. The purpose of this study was to assess peak and average power before and after acute vibration of selected lower-body sites in division I athletes...
May 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412932/isolation-of-enterococci-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-and-associated-factors-among-patients-attending-at-the-university-of-gondar-teaching-hospital
#7
Amelework Yilema, Feleke Moges, Sisay Tadele, Mengistu Endris, Afework Kassu, Wondwossen Abebe, Getnet Ayalew
BACKGROUND: Enterococci become clinically important especially in immune compromised patients and important causes of nosocomial infections. Data on the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and associated factors of enterococci are scarce in Ethiopia. METHODS: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital from February 28, 2014 to May 1, 2014. Pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data and possible associated factors of enterococci infections...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412598/effect-of-two-isolated-vocal-facilitating-techniques-glottal-fry-and-yawn-sigh-on-the-phonation-of-female-speech-language-pathology-students-a-pilot-study
#8
I Meerschman, E D'haeseleer, T Catry, B Ruigrok, S Claeys, K Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two isolated vocal facilitating techniques, glottal fry and yawn-sigh, on the phonation of vocally healthy female speech-language pathology (SLP) students. STUDY DESIGN: A multigroup pretest-posttest design was used. METHODS: A group of thirty-six healthy female SLP students with a mean age of 18.1 years were assigned into three groups: a glottal fry group (practicing the facilitating technique glottal fry across 18 weeks, n=12), a yawn-sigh group (practicing the facilitating technique yawn-sigh across 18 weeks, n=12) and a control group (receiving no facilitating techniques, n=12)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409168/a-comparative-study-of-mindfulness-efficiency-based-on-islamic-spiritual-schemes-and-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-reduction-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-pregnant-women
#9
Elahe Aslami, Ahmad Alipour, Fatemeh Sadat Najib, Alireza Aghayosefi
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression during the pregnancy period are among the factors affecting the pregnancy undesirable outcomes and delivery. One way of controlling anxiety and depression is mindfulness and cognitive behavioral therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficiency of mindfulness based on the Islamic-spiritual schemas and group cognitive behavioral therapy on reduction of anxiety and depression in pregnant women. METHODS: The research design was semi-experimental in the form of pretest-posttest using a control group...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408468/avoidance-of-voiding-cystourethrography-in-infants-younger-than-3-months-with-escherichia-coli-urinary-tract-infection-and-normal-renal-ultrasound
#10
Jean-Yves Pauchard, Hassib Chehade, Chafika Zohra Kies, Eric Girardin, Francois Cachat, Mario Gehri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) represents the most common bacterial infection in infants, and its prevalence increases with the presence of high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). However, voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is invasive, and its indication in infants <3 months is not yet defined. This study aims to investigate, in infants aged 0-3 months, if the presence of Escherichia coli versus non-E. coli bacteria and/or normal or abnormal renal ultrasound (US) could avoid the use of VCUG...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408407/using-next-generation-sequencing-to-explore-genetics-and-race-in-the-high-school-classroom
#11
Xinmiao Yang, Mark R Hartman, Kristin T Harrington, Candice M Etson, Matthew B Fierman, Donna K Slonim, David R Walt
With the development of new sequencing and bioinformatics technologies, concepts relating to personal genomics play an increasingly important role in our society. To promote interest and understanding of sequencing and bioinformatics in the high school classroom, we developed and implemented a laboratory-based teaching module called "The Genetics of Race." This module uses the topic of race to engage students with sequencing and genetics. In the experimental portion of this module, students isolate their own mitochondrial DNA using standard biotechnology techniques and collect next-generation sequencing data to determine which of their classmates are most and least genetically similar to themselves...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407443/the-effect-of-training-on-noise-reduction-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#12
Mujde Calikusu Incekar, Serap Balci
PURPOSE: Noise, an environmental stimulus, is especially important in the neurobehavioral development of newborns and brain development of infants at high risk. Conditions in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may cause certain sensory stimuli that are not appropriate for the development of newborns, especially preterm infants. This study was conducted in order to determine noise levels in the NICU and to evaluate the effect of training provided for noise control. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a pretest-posttest quasiexperimental design between September and November 2014 in a 30-bed NICU of a tertiary hospital in Istanbul...
April 13, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407264/microvascular-anastomosis-simulation-using-a-chicken-thigh-model-interval-versus-massed-training
#13
Stephen Schoeff, Brian Hernandez, Derek J Robinson, Mark J Jameson, David C Shonka
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare the effectiveness of massed versus interval training when teaching otolaryngology residents microvascular suturing on a validated microsurgical model. STUDY DESIGN: Otolaryngology residents were placed into interval (n = 7) or massed (n = 7) training groups. The interval group performed three separate 30-minute practice sessions separated by at least 1 week, and the massed group performed a single 90-minute practice session. Both groups viewed a video demonstration and recorded a pretest prior to the first training session...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406545/diagnosing-nocturnal-paroxysmal-hemoglobinuria-a-single-center-4-year-experience
#14
T Mercier, T Devos, M Mukovnikova, N Boeckx
INTRODUCTION: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare disease and can present as a wide range of signs and symptoms. As such, the indication for diagnostic testing for PNH is not always straightforward. Therefore, we analyzed all first-time samples tested over a 56-month period to determine the clinical settings with a high probability of detecting a PNH clone. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 323 first-time PNH flow cytometry tests, including LDH, cytopenias, direct antiglobulin test (DAT), and clinical indication for testing as available at the time of testing...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406109/assessment-of-community-based-training-of-medical-undergraduates-development-and-validation-of-a-competency-based-questionnaire
#15
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
BACKGROUND: The global shift toward competency-based education and assessment is also applicable to community-based training (CBT) of undergraduate medical students. There is a need for a tool to assess competencies related to CBT. This study aimed to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach to evaluate CBT of medical undergraduates. METHODS: A preliminary draft of the questionnaire was prepared by the investigators based on a conceptual framework. Using the Delphi technique, this draft was further developed by a specialist panel (n = 8) into a self-administered questionnaire...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406105/patients-feelings-about-the-presence-of-medical-students-in-a-new-teaching-hospital-in-southwestern-nigeria
#16
Philip Babatunde Adebayo, Stephen Olabode Asaolu, Adeolu Oladayo Akinboro, Adeseye Abiodun Akintunde, Olawale Adebayo Olakulehin, Olugbenga Edward Ayodele
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate how patients feel about the introduction of medical students into a former general hospital transformed to a teaching hospital in southwestern Nigeria and to also assess the extent to which they are willing to involve medical students in the management of their conditions. METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, a sample of 251 randomly selected patients were interviewed using a pretested questionnaire that assessed patients' demography, patients' acceptance of and reaction to the involvement of medical students in their clinical care including the specific procedures the patients would allow medical students to perform...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404607/interpreting-incidentally-identified-variants-in-genes-associated-with-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-in-a-large-cohort-of-clinical-whole-exome-genetic-test-referrals
#17
Andrew P Landstrom, Andrew L Dailey-Schwartz, Jill A Rosenfeld, Yaping Yang, Margaret J McLean, Christina Y Miyake, Santiago O Valdes, Yuxin Fan, Hugh D Allen, Daniel J Penny, Jeffrey J Kim
BACKGROUND: The rapid expansion of genetic testing has led to increased utilization of clinical whole-exome sequencing (WES). Clinicians and genetic researchers are being faced with assessing risk of disease vulnerability from incidentally identified genetic variants which is typified by variants found in genes associated with sudden death-predisposing catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). We sought to determine whether incidentally identified variants in genes associated with CPVT from WES clinical testing represent disease-associated biomarkers...
April 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403005/impact-of-patient-affect-on-physician-estimate-of-probability-of-serious-illness-and-test-ordering
#18
Jeffrey A Kline, Dawn Neumann, Samih Raad, David L Schriger, Cassandra L Hall, Jake Capito, David Kammer
PURPOSE: The authors hypothesize patient facial affect may influence clinician pretest probability (PTP) estimate of cardiopulmonary emergency (CPE) and desire to order a computerized tomographic pulmonary angiogram (CTPA). METHOD: This prospective study was conducted at three Indiana University-affiliated hospitals in two parts: collecting videos of patients undergoing CTPA for suspected acute pulmonary embolism watching a humorous video (August 2014-April 2015) and presenting the medical histories and videos to clinicians to determine the impact of patient facial affect on physicians' PTP estimate of CPE and desire to order a CTPA (June-November 2015)...
April 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402748/gaps-in-incorporating-germline-genetic-testing-into-treatment-decision-making-for-early-stage-breast-cancer
#19
Allison W Kurian, Yun Li, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Sarah T Hawley, Monica Morrow, M Chandler McLeod, Reshma Jagsi, Steven J Katz
Purpose Genetic testing for breast cancer risk is evolving rapidly, with growing use of multiple-gene panels that can yield uncertain results. However, little is known about the context of such testing or its impact on treatment. Methods A population-based sample of patients with breast cancer diagnosed in 2014 to 2015 and identified by two SEER registries (Georgia and Los Angeles) were surveyed about genetic testing experiences (N = 3,672; response rate, 68%). Responses were merged with SEER data. A patient subgroup at higher pretest risk of pathogenic mutation carriage was defined according to genetic testing guidelines...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401140/the-canadian-minimum-dataset-for-chronic-low-back-pain-research-a-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-national-institutes-of-health-task-force-research-standards
#20
Anaïs Lacasse, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Alexandre J Parent, Nioushah Noushi, Chúk Odenigbo, Gabrielle Pagé, Nicolas Beaudet, Manon Choinière, Laura S Stone, Mark A Ware
BACKGROUND: To better standardize clinical and epidemiological studies about the prevalence, risk factors, prognosis, impact and treatment of chronic low back pain, a minimum data set was developed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Task Force on Research Standards for Chronic Low Back Pain. The aim of the present study was to develop a culturally adapted questionnaire that could be used for chronic low back pain research among French-speaking populations in Canada. METHODS: The adaptation of the French Canadian version of the minimum data set was achieved according to guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation of self-reported measures (double forward-backward translation, expert committee, pretest among 35 patients with pain in the low back region)...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
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