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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146665/the-relative-effect-of-team-based-learning-on-motivation-and-learning-a-self-determination-theory-perspective
#1
Lucas M Jeno, Arild Raaheim, Sara Madeleine Kristensen, Kjell Daniel Kristensen, Torstein Nielsen Hole, Mildrid J Haugland, Silje Mæland
We investigate the effects of team-based learning (TBL) on motivation and learning in a quasi-experimental study. The study employs a self-determination theory perspective to investigate the motivational effects of implementing TBL in a physiotherapy course in higher education. We adopted a one-group pretest-posttest design. The results show that the students' intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, perceived competence, and perceived autonomy support significantly increased going from lectures to TBL...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145895/comparative-analysis-of-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-i-and-t-for-their-association-with-coronary-computed-tomography-assessed-calcium-scoring-represented-by-the-agatston-score
#2
Jonas Rusnak, Michael Behnes, Thomas Henzler, Nadine Reckord, Nils Vogler, Mathias Meyer, Ursula Hoffmann, Michele Natale, Julia Hoffmann, Sonja Hamed, Kathrin Weidner, Siegfried Lang, Agnibh Mukherji, Holger Haubenreisser, Stefan O Schoenberg, Martin Borggrefe, Thomas Bertsch, Ibrahim Akin
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the association between high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) and T (hs-cTnT) and coronary calcium concentration (CAC) detected by coronary computed tomography (CCT) and evaluated with the Agatston score in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Patients undergoing CCT during routine clinical care were enrolled prospectively. CCT was indicated for patients with a low to intermediate pretest probability for CAD...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145513/determinants-for-cardiovascular-disease-health-check-questionnaire-a-validation-study
#3
Ai Theng Cheong, Karuthan Chinna, Ee Ming Khoo, Su May Liew
BACKGROUND: To improve individuals' participation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) screening, it is necessary to understand factors that influence their intention to undergo health checks. This study aimed to develop and validate an instrument that assess determinants that influence individuals' intention to undergo CVD health checks. METHODS: The concepts and items were developed based on findings from our prior exploratory qualitative study on factors influencing individuals' intention to undergo CVD health checks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143153/statewide-mental-health-training-for-probation-officers-improving-knowledge-and-decreasing-stigma
#4
Nikhil Tomar, Marilyn A Ghezzi, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Amy Blank Wilson, Tonya B Van Deinse, Stacey Burgin, Gary S Cuddeback
BACKGROUND: The large and growing number of probationers with mental illnesses pose significant challenges to the probationer officers who supervise them. Stigma towards mental illnesses among probation officers is largely unstudied and the effectiveness of training initiatives designed to educate probation officers about mental illness is unknown. To address these gaps in the literature, we report findings from a statewide mental health training initiative designed to improve probation officers' knowledge of mental illnesses...
November 15, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142745/determinants-of-prenatal-anemia-in-ethiopia
#5
Abera Abay, Haile Woldie Yalew, Amare Tariku, Ejigu Gebeye
Background: Anemia is responsible for 20% of maternal mortality worldwide, and it is associated with premature birth, low birth weight, and infant mortality. In Ethiopia, about 22% of pregnant women are anemic. However, literatures are limited, therefore, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) in Asossa Zone Public Health Institutions, northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from February to March 2016...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140914/sequencing-effects-of-neuromuscular-training-on-physical-fitness-in-youth-elite-tennis-players
#6
Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, Urs Granacher, David Sanz-Rivas, Jose Manuel Sarabia Marín, Jose Luis Hernandez-Davo, Manuel Moya
Fernandez-Fernandez, J, Granacher, U, Sanz-Rivas, D, Sarabia Marín, JM, Hernandez-Davo, JL, and Moya, M. Sequencing effects of neuromuscular training on physical fitness in youth elite tennis players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a 5-week neuromuscular training (NMT) implemented before or after a tennis session in prepubertal players on selected components of physical fitness. Sixteen elite and well-trained tennis players with a mean age of 12...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138657/community-health-worker-interventions-are-key-to-optimal-infant-immunization-coverage-evidence-from-a-pretest-posttest-experiment-in-mwingi-kenya
#7
Japheth Mativo Nzioki, James Ouma, James Hebert Ombaka, Rosebella Ongutu Onyango
Introduction: Immunization is a powerful and cost-effective health intervention which averts an estimated 2 to 3 million deaths every year. Kenya has a high infant and under five mortality and morbidity rates. Increasing routine child immunization coverage is one way of reducing child morbidity and mortality rates in Kenya. Community Health Workers (CHWs) have emerged as critical human resources for health in developing countries. The Community Strategy (CS) is one of the CHW led interventions promoting Maternal and Child Health (MCH) in Kenya...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136449/does-this-patient-have-acute-mountain-sickness-the-rational-clinical-examination-systematic-review
#8
David Meier, Tinh-Hai Collet, Isabella Locatelli, Jacques Cornuz, Bengt Kayser, David L Simel, Claudio Sartori
Importance: Acute mountain sickness (AMS) affects more than 25% of individuals ascending to 3500 m (11 500 ft) and more than 50% of those above 6000 m (19 700 ft). AMS may progress from nonspecific symptoms to life-threatening high-altitude cerebral edema in less than 1% of patients. It is not clear how to best diagnose AMS. Objective: To systematically review studies assessing the accuracy of AMS diagnostic instruments, including the visual analog scale (VAS) score, which quantifies the overall feeling of sickness at altitude (VAS[O]; various thresholds), Acute Mountain Sickness-Cerebral score (AMS-C; ≥0...
November 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135622/troponin-limit-of-detection-plus-cardiac-risk-stratification-scores-to-rule-out-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-30-day-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-ed-patients
#9
Mitchell D Datlow, Kelly M Gray, Adriel Watts, Deborah B Diercks, Bryn E Mumma
When screening for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), troponin levels below the 99th percentile, including those below the limit of detection (LOD), are considered normal. We hypothesized that a low-risk HEART score (0-3) or ACS Pretest Probability Assessment <2% plus a single troponin below the LOD would rule out both AMI and 30-day major adverse cardiac events (MACE). We studied all patients who presented to a single academic emergency department and received a troponin I (Siemens Ultra Troponin I) from September 1, 2013, to November 13, 2013 (n=888)...
December 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135430/impact-of-a-fieldwork-experience-on-attitudes-toward-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#10
Allison Sullivan, Rochelle Mendonca
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the effects of curriculum activities on changing attitudes of health professional students toward people with intellectual disabilities (IDs). METHOD: A nonrandomized, pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were college students assigned to one of three groups: two groups of students from different years in the occupational therapy program and one group of public health students. Each group completed the Attitudes Toward Intellectual Disabilities Questionnaire before and after each intervention...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133141/abdominal-fat-pad-excisional-biopsy-for-the-diagnosis-and-typing-of-systemic-amyloidosis
#11
Yessica Garcia, A Bernard Collins, James R Stone
In the past, the diagnosis and typing of amyloidosis often required an invasive biopsy of an internal organ, such as the heart or kidneys. Abdominal fat pad excisional biopsy (FPEB) offers a less invasive approach, but the sensitivity of this technique has been unclear. To determine the sensitivity of FPEB for immunoglobulin light chain (AL) and transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis, we performed a retrospective clinicopathologic analysis of 97 patients who had undergone FPEB, of which 16 were positive for amyloid...
November 10, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133114/neurocognitive-performance-profile-postparathyroidectomy-a-pilot-study-of-computerized-assessment
#12
Caitlin F Bell, Mathew M Warrick, Kathleen C Gallagher, Naira Baregamian
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive symptoms attributable to primary hyperparathyroidism are important diagnostic criteria, yet the basic characterization and assessment of neurocognitive deficits in primary hyperparathyroidism are not defined fully. METHODS: In this prospective pilot study, patients with unequivocal biochemical diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism were evaluated for neurocognitive performance preoperatively and postparathyroidectomy (2 weeks, 6 months) using a battery of computerized modular tests designed by LUMOSITY...
November 10, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132329/determinants-of-patterns-of-maternal-and-child-health-service-utilization-in-a-rural-community-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#13
C C Agunwa, I E Obi, A C Ndu, I B Omotowo, C A Idoko, A K Umeobieri, E C Aniwada
BACKGROUND: Women and children constitute a large proportion of any population. They are the most vulnerable to morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. In many situations the problem of poor maternal and child health stems from the poor use of available services even when they are not of optimum quality. This study seeks to describe the patterns of utilization of Maternal and Child health (MCH) services in a rural area of Enugu State, and identify factors that are associated with and responsible for determining them...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132067/limited-generalization-with-varied-as-compared-to-specific-practice-in-short-term-motor-learning
#14
Chéla R Willey, Zili Liu
The schema theory of learning predicts that varied training in motor learning should give rise to better transfer than specific training. For example, throwing beanbags during practice to targets 5 and 9ft away should better generalize to targets 7 and 11ft away, as compared to only throwing to a target 7ft away. In this study, we tested this prediction in a throwing task, when the pretest, practice, and posttest were all completed within an hour. Participants in the varied group practiced throwing at 5 and 9ft targets, while participants in the specific group practiced throwing at 7ft only...
November 10, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131708/processes-in-increasing-participation-of-african-american-women-in-cancer-prevention-trials-development-and-pretesting-of-an-audio-card
#15
Donna Kenerson, Saudat Fadeyi, Jianguo Liu, Mirabel Kleriwoh, Katina Beard, Margaret K Hargreaves
The enrollment of African American women into cancer prevention trials (CPTs) continues to be low despite their higher cancer mortality rates. Clinical trials are vital to the discovery of new prevention, diagnostic, and treatment methods that improve cancer outcomes. This study addressed attitudes and beliefs associated with the sub optimal participation of African American women in CPTs through the development and pretesting of an educational tool. The use of community-engaged research (CER) in the formative phase of this study was the basis for developing an audio-card...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129984/intercultural-competency-development-of-health-professions-students-during-study-abroad-in-india
#16
Claire A Richards, Ardith Z Doorenbos
Objective: Short-term international health-related study abroad seminars for health-professions students are increasingly popular because of a focus in higher education on global awareness and intercultural competency. This study describes a study abroad strategy to teach students intercultural communication skills and knowledge, and evaluated the effectiveness of a 3-week health-related study abroad program and intercultural competency curriculum in increasing skills and knowledge of health-profession students...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129307/changes-in-asthma-self-management-knowledge-in-inner-city-adolescents-following-developmentally-sensitive-self-management-training
#17
Jennifer R Mammen, Hyekyun Rhee, Shannska Atis, Annette Grape
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of a developmentally sensitive curriculum for improving asthma self-management knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy in adolescents. METHODS: Fourty-two inner-city adolescents (ages 16-20) participated in a 12hour asthma self-management training program. Self-management knowledge, attitude toward asthma, and asthma-related self-efficacy were measured using short-answer tests before and after training. T-Tests were used to evaluate impact and effect sizes were calculated...
November 9, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128031/development-of-a-menu-board-literacy-and-self-efficacy-scale-for-children
#18
Olajide Williams, Ellyn Leighton-Herrmann Quinn, Mildred Ramirez, Vanessa Sawyer, Joseph P Eimicke, Jeanne A Teresi
OBJECTIVE: An instrument to measure menu board literacy (MBL) was developed to capture children's understanding of menu board nutrition information, including abbreviations, serving sizes and calorie ranges, and self-efficacy for using this information. METHODS: A list of 55 potential items (47 MBL and 8 self-efficacy) was generated. Content validity was established by 29 registered dietitians. Cognitive interviews were conducted with 24 black and Hispanic fourth- and fifth-grade students to assess comprehension and readability...
November 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127596/international-development-of-four-eortc-disease-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaires-for-patients-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-high-and-low-grade-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia
#19
Lonneke van de Poll-Franse, Simone Oerlemans, Anne Bredart, Charalampia Kyriakou, Monika Sztankay, Stephan Pallua, Laurien Daniëls, Carien L Creutzberg, Kim Cocks, Sandra Malak, Giovanni Caocci, Stefano Molica, Weichu Chie, Fabio Efficace
PURPOSE: This paper describes the international, cross-cultural development of four disease-specific EORTC QoL questionnaires, to supplement the EORTC QLQ-C30, for patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), high- or low-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma (HG/LG-NHL), and CLL. METHODS: Questionnaire development was conducted according to guidelines from the EORTC Quality of Life Group. Phase I comprised generation of QoL issues relevant to patients. Phase II included operationalization and assessment of item relevance...
November 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125323/examining-the-effects-of-mtv-s-16-and-pregnant-on-adolescent-girls-sexual-health-the-implications-of-character-affinity-pregnancy-risk-factors-and-health-literacy-on-message-effectiveness
#20
Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, Hillary Pennell, Kyung Bo Kim
Health communication strategies to decrease teen pregnancies include the employment of entertainment-education (E-E), which involves embedding health messages in an entertainment media vehicle that is relatable and attractive to the intended audience. MTV's 16 and Pregnant is an example of such an effort as an E-E documentary-style reality show that aimed to reduce the U.S. teen pregnancy rate. A pretest-posttest experiment was conducted with 147 adolescent girls (ages 14-18) to investigate the effectiveness of 16 and Pregnant on beliefs, attitudes, and intentions to avoid teen pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Health Communication
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