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hsp70 cancer

Hyun-Jung Moon, Hak-Bong Kim, Su-Hoon Lee, So-Eun Jeun, Chi-Dug Kang, Sun-Hee Kim
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) have potential use as anticancer agents, either alone or in combination with other cancer therapies. We found that NSAIDs including celecoxib (CCB) and ibuprofen (IBU) significantly potentiated the cytotoxicity of Hsp90 inhibitors in human multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells expressing high levels of mutant p53 (mutp53) protein and P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and reversed Hsp90 inhibitor resistance caused by activation of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) and by up-regulation of heat shock proteins (Hsps) and P-gp...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Xiang Cao, Yi Zhou, Hongfang Sun, Miao Xu, Xiaowen Bi, Zhihui Zhao, Binghui Shen, Fengyi Wan, Zhuan Hong, Lei Lan, Lan Luo, Zhigang Guo, Zhimin Yin
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring EGFR-activating mutations initially respond to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) and have shown favorable outcomes. However, acquired drug resistance to EGFR-TKIs develops in almost all patients mainly due to the EGFR T790 M mutation. Here, we show that treatment with low-dose EGFR-TKI results in the emergence of the EGFR T790 M mutation and in the reduction of HSP70 protein levels in HCC827 cells. Erlotinib treatment inhibits HSP70 phosphorylation at tyrosine 41 and increases HSP70 ubiquitination, resulting in HSP70 degradation...
March 7, 2018: Cancer Letters
Yunhee Cho, Hyeok Gu Kang, Seok-Jun Kim, Seul Lee, Sujin Jee, Sung Gwe Ahn, Min Jueng Kang, Joon Seon Song, Joon-Yong Chung, Eugene C Yi, Kyung-Hee Chun
Recurrence and drug resistance of breast cancer are still the main reasons for breast cancer-associated deaths. Cancer stem cell (CSC) model has been proposed as a hypothesis for the lethality of breast cancer. Molecular mechanisms underlying CSC maintenance are still unclear. In this study, we generated mammospheres derived from breast cancer MDA-MB231 cells and MCF7 cells to enrich CSCs and performed DNA microarray analysis. We found that the expression of carboxy terminus of HSP70-interacting protein (CHIP) E3 ubiquitin ligase was significantly downregulated in breast CSCs...
March 6, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
F Teng, Z Y Xu, H Lyu, Y P Wang, L J Wang, T Huang, J C Sun, H T Zhu, Y X Ni, X D Cheng
Objective: To investigate the effect of triptolide, a specific inhibitor of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), on apatinib resistance in gastric cancer cells line MKN45. Methods: The apatinib-resistant cells (MKN45/AR) and MKN45 parental cells were treated with apatinib, triptolide and apatinib combined with triptolide, respectively. CCK-8 assay was performed to determine the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of MKN45/AR and MKN45 cells in the presence of different treatment. The mRNA expression of heat shock protein gene (HSPA1A and HSPA1B) was detected by RT-PCR, while the protein expression of heat shock protein 70 was analyzed using Western blot in MKN45/AR and MKN45 cells...
February 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Ting Kang, Yukun Huang, Qianqian Zhu, Hao Cheng, Yuanyuan Pei, Jingxian Feng, Minjun Xu, Gan Jiang, Qingxiang Song, Tianze Jiang, Hongzhuan Chen, Xiaoling Gao, Jun Chen
Recent breakthroughs in cancer immunotherapy offer new paradigm-shifting therapeutic options for combating cancer. Personalized therapeutic anti-cancer vaccines training T cells to directly fight against tumor cells endogenously offer tremendous benefits in working synergistically with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Biomimetic nanotechnology offers a versatile platform to boost anticancer immunity by efficiently co-delivering optimized immunogenic antigen materials and adjuvants to antigen presenting cells (APC)...
February 23, 2018: Biomaterials
Dionysios Th Dimas, Christina D Perlepe, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Ioannis Misitzis, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Efstratios Patsouris, Gregory Kouraklis, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Afroditi Nonni
BACKGROUND/AIM: Studies have focused on heat shock protein (Hsp) inhibitors as potential treatment agents in breast cancer, with controversial results. Adopting a pathophysiological perspective, this systematic review aims to synthesize the evidence examining the association between Hsp70/Hsp90 expression and breast cancer prognosis, as well as prognosis-related clinicopathological indices. Secondarily, changes in Hsp70/Hsp90 expression in the continuum of breast neoplasia were assessed...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Paul Günther Baptist Heymann, Katharina Sabine Elisabeth Henkenius, Thomas Ziebart, Andreas Braun, Klara Hirthammer, Frank Halling, Andreas Neff, Robert Mandic
BACKGROUND/AIM: Laser photochemotherapy is a new approach in cancer treatment using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to enhance the effect of chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to evaluate the effect of LLLT on tumor cells, HeLa cells were treated with cisplatin or zoledronic acid (ZA) followed by LLLT. Cell viability was evaluated with 2,3-bis-(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide assay. Oxidative phosphorylation and glycolysis were measured using extracellular flux analysis...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Nicole Janssen, Lisa Speigl, Graham Pawelec, Heike Niessner, Christopher Shipp
Metastatic melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer, with an ever-increasing incidence worldwide. Despite encouraging results with immunotherapeutic approaches, long-term survival is still poor. This is likely partly due to tumour-induced immune suppression mediated by myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), which were shown to be associated with response to therapy and survival. Thus, identifying pathways responsible for MDSC differentiation may provide new therapeutic targets and improve efficacy of existing immunotherapies...
February 21, 2018: Cellular Immunology
Chandan Kanta Das, Benedikt Linder, Florian Bonn, Florian Rothweiler, Ivan Dikic, Martin Michaelis, Jindrich Cinatl, Mahitosh Mandal, Donat Kögel
Target-specific treatment modalities are currently not available for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and acquired chemotherapy resistance is a primary obstacle for the treatment of these tumors. Here we employed derivatives of BT-549 and MDA-MB-468 TNBC cell lines that were adapted to grow in the presence of either 5-Fluorouracil, Doxorubicin or Docetaxel in an aim to identify molecular pathways involved in the adaptation to drug-induced cell killing. All six drug-adapted BT-549 and MDA-MB-468 cell lines displayed cross resistance to chemotherapy and decreased apoptosis sensitivity...
February 17, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Katherine M Byrd, Brian S J Blagg
Both Hsp70 and Hsp90 chaperones are overexpressed in cancer, making them relevant targets for the development of cancer chemotherapeutics, but a lack of biomolecular readouts for Hsp70 inhibition has limited the pursuit of specific inhibitors for this enzyme. A new study from Cesa et al. identifies two inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) as specific client substrates of Hsp70. These results establish biomarkers that can be utilized to monitor Hsp70 inhibition and provide a framework for future efforts to deconvolute chaperone networks...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Julia A Yaglom, Yongmei Wang, Amy Li, Zhenghu Li, Stephano Monti, Ilya Alexandrov, Xiongbin Lu, Michael Y Sherman
Hsp70 is a promising anti-cancer target. Our JG-98 series of Hsp70 inhibitors show anti-cancer activities affecting both cancer cells and tumor-associated macrophages. They disrupt Hsp70 interaction with a co-chaperone Bag3 and affect signaling pathways important for cancer development. Due to a prior report that depletion of Hsp70 causes similar responses as depletion of Hsp90, interest to Hsp70 inhibitors as drug prototypes is hampered by potential similarity of their effects to effects of Hsp90 inhibitors...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Regina Adão, Letícia M Zanphorlin, Tatiani B Lima, Dev Sriranganadane, Käthe M Dahlström, Glaucia M S Pinheiro, Fabio C Gozzo, Leandro R S Barbosa, Carlos H I Ramos
Proteostasis is dependent on the Hsp70/Hsp90 system (the two chaperones and their co-chaperones). Of these, Hop (Hsp70/Hsp90 organizing protein), also known as Sti1, forms an important scaffold to simultaneously binding to both Hsp70 and Hsp90. Hop/Sti1 has been implicated in several disease states, for instance cancer and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Therefore, human and yeast homologous have been better studied and information on plant homologous is still limited, even though plants are continuously exposed to environmental stress...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Constanze Lamprecht, Mathias Gehrmann, Josef Madl, Winfried Römer, Gabriele Multhoff, Andreas Ebner
Hsp70-1A-the major stress-inducible member of the HSP70 chaperone family-is being implicated in cancer diseases with the development of resistances to standard therapies. In normal cells, the protein is purely cytosolic, but in a growing number of tumor cells, a significant fraction can be identified on to the cell surface. The anchoring mechanism is still under debate, as Hsp70-1A lacks conventional signaling sequences for translocation from the cytosol to exoplasmic leaflet of the plasma membrane and common membrane binding domains...
February 5, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Qingyu Shen, Suk Woo Nam
An accurate diagnostic marker for detecting early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (eHCC) is clinically important, since early detection of HCC remarkably improves patient survival. From the integrative analysis of the transcriptome and clinicopathologic data of human multi-stage HCC tissues, we were able to identify barrier-to-autointegration factor 1 (BANF1), procollagen-lysine, 2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 3 (PLOD3) and splicing factor 3b subunit 4 (SF3B4) as early HCC biomarkers which could be detected in precancerous lesions of HCC, with superior capabilities to diagnose eHCC compared to the currently popular HCC diagnostic biomarkers: GPC3, GS, and HSP70...
February 5, 2018: BMB Reports
Lang Yoo, A-Rum Yoon, Chae-Ok Yun, Kwang Chul Chung
The carboxyl terminus of Hsp70-interacting protein (CHIP) acts as a ubiquitin E3 ligase and a link between the chaperones Hsp70/90 and the proteasome system, playing a vital role in maintaining protein homeostasis. CHIP regulates a number of proteins involved in a myriad of physiological and pathological processes, but the underlying mechanism of action via posttranslational modification has not been extensively explored. In this study, we investigated a novel modulatory mode of CHIP and its effect on CHIP enzymatic activity...
January 24, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Vladimir F Lazarev, Dmitry V Sverchinsky, Elena R Mikhaylova, Pavel I Semenyuk, Elena Y Komarova, Sergey A Niskanen, Alina D Nikotina, Anton V Burakov, Viktor G Kartsev, Irina V Guzhova, Boris A Margulis
Hsp70 chaperone controls proteostasis and anti-stress responses in rapidly renewing cancer cells, making it an important target for therapeutic compounds. To date several Hsp70 inhibitors are presented with remarkable anticancer activity, however their clinical application is limited by the high toxicity towards normal cells. This study aimed to develop assays to search for the substances that reduce the chaperone activity of Hsp70 and diminish its protective function in cancer cells. On our mind the resulting compounds alone should be safe and function in combination with drugs widely employed in oncology...
January 18, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Tamas Vancsik, Csaba Kovago, Eva Kiss, Edina Papp, Gertrud Forika, Zoltan Benyo, Nora Meggyeshazi, Tibor Krenacs
Background: Modulated electro-hyperthermia (mEHT), a non-invasive intervention using 13.56 MHz radiofrequency, can selectively target cancers due to their elevated glycolysis (Warburg-effect), extracellular ion concentration and conductivity compared to normal tissues. We showed earlier that mEHT alone can provoke apoptosis and damage associated molecular pattern (DAMP) signals in human HT29 colorectal cancer xenografts of immunocompromised mice. Materials: Here we tested the mEHT induced stress and immune responses in C26 colorectal cancer allografts of immunocompetent (BALB/c) mice between 12-72 h post-treatment...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Yingji Jin, Seung Cheol Kim, Hyoung Jin Kim, Woong Ju, Yun Hwan Kim, Hong-Jin Kim
Serum autoantibodies against tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) have received much attention as potential biomarkers for early detection of cancers, since they can be detected in the early stages of cancers. Autoantibodies against Cancer Antigen 15-3 (CA15-3), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), Cancer Antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), c-Myc, p53, heat shock protein (Hsp)27 and Hsp70 have been suggested as potential markers for detecting several types of cancer. In the present study, the seven types of antibody listed above were evaluated for detecting cervical lesions...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
Byeol Choi, Seul-Ki Choi, You Na Park, Soo-Yeon Kwak, Hwa Jeong Lee, Youngjoo Kwon, Younghwa Na, Yun-Sil Lee
Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27, HSPB1) induces resistance to anticancer drugs in various cancer types, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, pharmacological inhibition of HSP27 in NSCLC may be a good strategy for anticancer therapy. Unlike other HSPs such as HSP90 and HSP70, small molecule approaches for neutralization of HSP27 are not well established because of the absence of an ATP binding domain. Previously, small molecules with altered cross linking activity of HSP27, were identified to inhibit building a large oligomer led to sensitization in combination with radiation and chemotherapeutic drugs...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
V Cardile, R Avola, A C E Graziano, M Piovano, A Russo
Diterpenes are compounds with complex structure and due to their unique carbon skeleton and interesting biological activities, have been the focus of continuous studies for the development of new anticancer agents. The plants of the genus Calceolaria (Scrophulariaceae family), native of South America have also yielded several new diterpenes with the scopadulane skeleton, such as thyrsiflorin A. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of the semisynthetic compound, demalonyl thyrsiflorin A on human melanoma cells...
December 17, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
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