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Ying Peng, Li-Li Lou, Si-Fan Liu, Le Zhou, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Shao-Jiang Song
Seven new neolignans (1-2, 7-11) and five known compounds (3-6, 12) were isolated from the 70% EtOH extract of hawthorn seeds. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of all the isolates were investigated. Most of the isolates showed moderate radical scavenging activity in the DPPH assay and significant activities in the ABTS and FRAP assays. Furthermore, compounds 7-12 exhibited marked nitric oxide (NO) inhibition and compounds 1-4 had a potent necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitory effect...
October 7, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Cheng-Yong Feng, Wei-Wei Wang, Jian-Fei Ye, Shan-Shan Li, Qian Wu, Dan-Dan Yin, Bing Li, Yan-Jun Xu, Liang-Sheng Wang
Vaccinium glaucoalbum, a perennial evergreen shrub, is naturally distributed in high-altitude areas. In this study, the composition and content of polyphenolic compounds in the fruit and leaf of V. glaucoalbum were characterized. In total, 24 chemical compounds were detected and identified by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-ESI-MS(2). Among all the compounds determined, 15 were anthocyanins and detected in fruit, 5 were flavonols and monitored in leaf, and 4 were chlorogenic acids and found in both fruit and leaf. The total anthocyanin content (TAC) of fruit (682mg/100gFW) was the highest among wild Vaccinium berries in China which have been investigated for now, and the total flavonol content of leaf was 2764mg/100gFW...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Daniel Bedoya-Ramírez, Antonio Cilla, José Contreras-Calderón, Amparo Alegría-Torán
Antioxidant capacity (AC), total phenolics (TPs), furan compounds (HMF and furfural F) and cytoprotective/cytotoxic effects upon Caco-2 cells (MTT, cell cycle and reactive oxygen species (ROS)) were evaluated in Colombian coffee (2 ground and 4 soluble samples). The AC (ABTS and FRAP), TPs and HMF ranged between 124-722, 95-802μmoles Trolox/g, 21-100mg gallic acid/g and 69-2900mg/kg, respectively. Pretreatment of cells for 24h with lyophilized coffee infusions at the highest dose without cytotoxic effects (500μg/mL) significantly prevented the decrease in cell viability compared to control stress with H2O2 (5mM/2h), recovering viability to values between 34% and 45% and restoring the control values without stress induction in the G1 phase of cell cycle...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Liping Sun, Weidan Chang, Qingyu Ma, Yongliang Zhuang
In this study, the stable collagen hydrolysate was prepared by alcalase hydrolysis and twice simulated gastrointestinal digestion from Alaska pollock skin. The characteristics of hydrolysates and antioxidant activities in vitro, including 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical (ABTS(•+)) scavenging activity, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and hydroxyl radical (OH·) scavenging activity, were determined. After twice simulated gastrointestinal digestion of skin collagen (SGI-2), the degree of hydrolysis (DH) reached 26...
October 17, 2016: Marine Drugs
Iraj Salimikia, Hamid Reza Monsef-Esfahani, Ahmad Reza Gohari, Mehrnoosh Salek
BACKGROUND: Salvia, known as Maryam Goli in the Persian language, is an important genus that includes approximately 900 species in the Lamiaceae family. There are 58 Salvia species growing naturally in Iran, including Salvia chloroleuca Rech. f. and Allen., which grows wild in the northeastern and central parts of the country. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant activity, and total phenol content of various extracts of S...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Jun-Chi Wang, Guang-Zhi Li, Na Lv, Lian-Gang Shen, Lei-Ling Shi, Jian-Yong Si
A new drimane-type sesquiterpene with an isocitric acid moiety, cryptoporic acid S (1), together with six known compounds, cryptoporic acid D (2), β-sitosterol (3), β-daucosterol (4), stigmast-4-en-3-one (5), ergosterol (6), and (22E,24R)-ergosta-7,22-diene-3β,5α,6β-triol (7), was isolated from the fruiting bodies of Cryptoporus volvatus. The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of UV, IR, MS, 1D and 2D NMR analysis. In the meanwhile, compounds 1 and 2 were evaluated for antioxidant activity using the methods of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl free radical scavenging activity (DPPH-RSA) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay, and they exhibited moderate antioxidant activities...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Zahra Boghrati, Maryam Naseri, Mitra Rezaie, Ngoc Pham, Ronald J Quinn, Zahra Tayarani-Najaran, Mehrdad Iranshahi
OBJECTIVES: In food industry, the inhibition of tyrosinase is very important, because this enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of phenolic compounds found in fruits and vegetables into quinones, which contribute in undesirable color and taste of fruits and vegetables. Teucrium polium L. var. gnaphalodes (Lamiaceae), a wild-growing flowering plant that has many applications in food preparations and traditional medicine. In Persian language, this medicinal herb is called Kalpoureh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments were used to determine the chemical structures of the isolated compounds...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Adesina O Odewabi, Martins Ekor
Recent studies have indicated an increased incidence of toxic neuropathies among waste management workers (WMW) possibly linked to increased detection of heavy metals in municipal solid wastes. The present study evaluated serum levels of some heavy and essential trace metals in relation to oxidant/antioxidant status of WMW. One hundred and twenty-six WMW and 84 non-WMW (control) were recruited. Metal/element concentration was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and oxidant/antioxidant markers were determined using standard procedures...
October 13, 2016: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Wen-Liang Gong, Jie Yan, Ling-Xi Zhao, Chong Li, Zhen-Li Huang, Ben Zhong Tang, Ming-Qiang Zhu
Photoswitchable fluorophores are promising in single-molecule optical devices and super-resolution fluorescence imaging, especially in single-molecule photo-activated localization microscopy (PALM) or stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM). However, the scarcity of current photoswitchable fluorophores stimulates researchers to develop complicated optical systems and processing software, in accordance with the limited photoswitchable fluorescent proteins and organic fluorophores. Previous efforts to develop synthetic photoswitchable fluorophores have exhibited their promising potential in super-resolution fluorescence imaging...
October 14, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Efrat Gottlieb-Abraham, Orit Gutman, Govind M Pai, Ignacio Rubio, Yoav I Henis
The interactions of Src family kinases (SFKs) with the plasma membrane are crucial for their activity. They depend on their fatty-acylated N-termini, containing N-myristate and either a polybasic cluster (in Src) or palmitoylation sites (e.g., Fyn). To investigate the roles of these moieties in SFK membrane association, we employed FRAP beam-size analysis to study the membrane interactions of c-Src-GFP or Fyn-GFP fatty-acylation mutants. Our studies showed for the first time that the membrane association of Fyn is more stable than that of Src, an effect lost in a Fyn mutant lacking the palmitoylation sites...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Danize Aparecida Rizzetti, Caroline Dalla Colletta Altermann, Caroline Silveira Martinez, Franck Maciel Peçanha, Dalton Valentim Vassallo, José Antonio Uranga-Ocio, Marta Miguel Castro, Giulia Alessandra Wiggers, Pâmela Billig Mello-Carpes
The study aimed to investigate whether the Egg White Hydrolysate (EWH) is able to prevent the recognition memory disorders associated with long-term Hg exposure in rats. For this, male Wistar rats were treated for 60 days with: a) Untreated: saline solution (i.m.); b) Hydrolysate: EWH (1 g/kg/day, gavage); c) Mercury: HgCl2 (1st dose 4.6 μg/kg, subsequent doses 0.07 μg/kg/day, i.m.); d) Hydrolysate-Mercury. Object recognition memory test was performed to verify Short (STM) and Long-Term Memory (LTM) and Open Field, Plus Maze and Tail Flick tests were performed as control for behavioural experiments...
October 11, 2016: Neurochemistry International
Varinder Singh, Aditi Kahol, Inder Pal Singh, Isha Saraf, Richa Shri
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ocimum species are traditionally used for the treatment of anxiety, nerve pain, convulsions and a variety of neurodegenerative disorders. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-amnesic effect of O. basilicum L., O. sanctum L. and O. gratissimum L. extracts using in-vitro and in-vivo models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In-vitro acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory and antioxidant activities of hydro-methanol extracts of plants were evaluated using Ellman and DPPH and FRAP assays, respectively...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Lixia Fan, Shaopeng Pei, X Lucas Lu, Liyun Wang
The transport of fluid, nutrients, and signaling molecules in the bone lacunar-canalicular system (LCS) is critical for osteocyte survival and function. We have applied the fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) approach to quantify load-induced fluid and solute transport in the LCS in situ, but the measurements were limited to cortical regions 30-50 μm underneath the periosteum due to the constrains of laser penetration. With this work, we aimed to expand our understanding of load-induced fluid and solute transport in both trabecular and cortical bone using a multiscaled image-based finite element analysis (FEA) approach...
2016: Bone Research
Bahaderjeet Singh, Prince Sharma, Arun Kumar, Pooja Chadha, Ramandeep Kaur, Amarjeet Kaur
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tinospora cordifolia (Willd. Hook. f. & Thomson; family: Menispermaceae), has a long history of use in various traditional medicinal systems including "Ayurveda". It is reported to possess anticancer, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, and antiinflammatory activities. T. cordifolia has also been well documented for production of various bioactive metabolites and their antioxidant activity, but the microorganisms associated with it have been least explored for the same properties...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Hamdi Bendif, Messaoud Boudjeniba, Mohamed Djamel Miara, Loreta Biqiku, Massimo Bramucci, Giovanni Caprioli, Giulio Lupidi, Luana Quassinti, Gianni Sagratini, Luca A Vitali, Sauro Vittori, Filippo Maggi
Rosmarinus eriocalyx is an aromatic evergreen bush endemic to Algeria where it is used as a condiment to flavour soups and meat and as a traditional remedy. In the present work we have analyzed for the first time the phenolic composition of polar extracts obtained from stems, leaves and flowers of R. eriocalyx by HPLC, and determined the antioxidant and antimicrobial effects by DPPH, ABTS, FRAP, ORAC and agar disc diffusion methods, respectively. Results showed that ethanolic extracts of leaves and flowers are a rich source of phenolic compounds, mainly rosmarinic acid, carnosic acid and carnosol that are the main responsible for the noteworthy antioxidant activity observed in the assays...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Yongqiang Wang, Yujie Gao, Hui Ding, Shejiang Liu, Xu Han, Jianzhou Gui, Dan Liu
A large-scale process to extract flavonoids from Moringa oleifera leaf by subcritical ethanol was developed and HPLC-MS analysis was conducted to qualitatively identify the compounds in the extracts. To optimize the effects of process parameters on the yield of flavonoids, a Box-Behnken design combined with response surface methodology was conducted in the present work. The results indicated that the highest extraction yield of flavonoids by subcritical ethanol extraction could reach 2.60% using 70% ethanol at 126...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Igor Jerković, Zvonimir Marijanović, Marina Zekić, Carlo I G Tuberoso
Rare Moltkia petraea (Tratt.) Griseb. honey from Croatia was first time characterised. The spectrophotometric assays on CIE L*a*b*Cab *hab ° colour coordinates, total phenol content and antioxidant capacity (FRAP, CUPRAC, DPPH(●) and ABTS(●+) assays) determined higher honey values generally close to dark honeys ranges. Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) on two fibres after GC-FID and GC-MS revealed the major compounds 2-phenylacetaldehyde (12.8%; 15.6%), benzaldehyde (11.1%; 10.0%), octane (9...
October 8, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Celia Carrillo, Ángela Barrio, María Del Mar Cavia, Sara Alonso-Torre
BACKGROUND: The global antioxidant response (GAR) method uses an enzymatic digestion to release antioxidants from foods. Due to the importance of digestion for protein break down and subsequent release of bioactive compounds, the aim of the present study was to compare the GAR method for meat with the existing methodologies: the extraction-based method, and QUENCHER. Seven fresh meats were analysed using ABTS and FRAP assays. RESULTS: Our results indicated that the GAR of meat was higher than the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) assessed with the traditional extraction-based method...
September 22, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Soroush Rahimi Khoigani, Ahmad Rajaei, Sayed Amir Hossein Goli
The aim of this study was to evaluate phenolics profile and antioxidant activity of Stachys lavandulifolia. Total phenolics (TP), total flavonoids (TF), DPPH• assay (IC50), ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of the methanolic extract were measured. The content of TP, TF, IC50, FRAP and TAC, were obtained as 16.59 gallic acid equiv./g dry matter (DM), 4.48 mg quercetin equiv./g DM, 2.07 (μg/mL), 0.014 (absorbance/mg phenolic) and 14.61 (mg BHT equiv./g DM), respectively...
October 6, 2016: Natural Product Research
L F Nonato, E Rocha-Vieira, R Tossige-Gomes, A A Soares, B A Soares, D A Freitas, M X Oliveira, V A Mendonça, A C Lacerda, A R Massensini, H R Leite
Although it is well known that physical training ameliorates brain oxidative function after injuries by enhancing the levels of neurotrophic factors and oxidative status, there is little evidence addressing the influence of exercise training itself on brain oxidative damage and data is conflicting. This study investigated the effect of well-established swimming training protocol on lipid peroxidation and components of antioxidant system in the rat brain. Male Wistar rats were randomized into trained (5 days/week, 8 weeks, 30 min; n=8) and non-trained (n=7) groups...
September 29, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
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