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Bing Wang, Ling Ma, Lei Yin, Jing Chen, Yuanbin Zhang, Lin Dong, Xinhui Zhang, Xueyan Fu
Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrubby herb that is native to the Mediterranean region. This herb is now widely cultivated in many regions of the world. Rosemary is widely used in traditional Chinese medicines, foods, nutraceuticals and cosmetics. Hydro distilled essential oils, obtained from rosemary in China and the Mediterranean region, were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty-seven compounds accounting for 94.97%-99.72% of the oils were identified. The majority of the compounds in the essential oils exhibited no significant differences (table 1 and fig...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Tooba Naz Shamsi, Romana Parveen, Sumbul Afreen, Mudasser Azam, Priyankar Sen, Yamini Sharma, Qazi Mohd Rizwanul Haque, Tasneem Fatma, Nikhat Manzoor, Sadaf Fatima
Protease inhibitors are one of the most promising and investigated subjects for their role in pharmacognostic and pharmacological studies. This study aimed to investigate antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities of trypsin inhibitors (TIs) from two plant sources (Cajanus cajan and Phaseolus limensis). TI was purified from C. cajan (PUSA-992) by ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ion exchange chromatography. TI from Phaseolus limensis (lima bean trypsin inhibitor; LBTI) was procured from Sigma-Aldrich, St...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Saeed Hajihashemi, Tahereh Jafarian, Mahboubeh Ahmadi, Ali Rahbari, Fatemeh Ghanbari
BACKGROUND: Nephrotoxicity is the major side effects of aminoglycoside antibiotics such as gentamicin. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of Z.multiflora (ZM) hydroalcoholic extract on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. METHODS: Twenty-eight male Wistar rats categorized into four groups: 1) the control group without injection, 2) the gentamicin treated group (100 mg/kg, i.p) 3) the gentamicin and Z. Multiflora treated group; Z. Multiflora extract(0...
January 16, 2018: Drug Research
Chun-Yung Huang, Chia-Hung Kuo, Chia-Hsin Lee
In this study, we extracted fucoidan from compressional-puffing-pretreated Sargassum crassifolium by hot water. The crude extract of fucoidan (SC) was degraded by various degradation reagents and four low-molecular-weight (LMW) fucoidans, namely SCO (degradation by hydrogen peroxide), SCA (degradation by ascorbic acid), SCOA (degradation by hydrogen peroxide + ascorbic acid), and SCH (degradation by hydrogen chloride) were obtained. The degradation reagents studied could effectively degrade fucoidan into LMW fucoidans, as revealed by intrinsic viscosity, agarose gel electrophoresis, and molecular weight analyses...
January 11, 2018: Marine Drugs
Kemal Koç, Dilek Pandir
Substances added to food are considerable for survival and are the oldest technologies used in preservation, sweetening and coloring. This work was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of the food additives sunset yellow (SY) and brilliant blue (BB) on Allium cepa root meristematic cells. Control and treatment groups were created from germinated roots. Group 1 (control group) did not receive chemicals. Group 2 (SY or BB-treatment group), received increasing doses of SY (25, 50, 100 and 500 ppm) and BB (100, 200, 400 and 500 ppm) with time periods of 24, 48 and 72 h...
January 10, 2018: Cytotechnology
Aya N Khanji, Florentin Michaux, Jeremy Petit, Dominique Salameh, Toufic Rizk, Jordane Jasniewski, Sylvie Banon
The encapsulation of curcumin in micellar caseins (MCs) and the production of powder were performed by spray-drying. Nearly 97% of the curcumin was retained and the yellow powder showed a typical high casein powder morphology. The hygroscopic properties were determined, slight differences reflected less available hydrophobic sites when curcumin was bound to casein, favoring interactions with water in curcumin-enriched MC powders. No difference was detected on the internal MC structure via SAXS. The antioxidant activity of doped-curcumin powder presented 88% of active curcumin...
January 11, 2018: Food & Function
Vikas Kumar, Nitin Sharma, Anuradha Sourirajan, Prem Kumar Khosla, Kamal Dev
The present study was aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial and antioxidant potential of ethanolic extract and its different solvent fractions (chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and aqueous fraction) of bark and leaves of Terminalia arjuna. The antimicrobial activity was determined by disc diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) methods against six bacterial stains. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by using DPPH, FRAP and Nitric oxide (NO) scavenging assay. The total phenolics and flavonoid content were found to be higher in n-butanolic fraction of bark (294...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Vashundhra Sharma, Pradeep K Jaiswal, Dharmendra K Yadav, Mukesh Saran, Jaroslav Prikhodko, Manas Mathur, Ajit K Swami, Irina V Mashevskaya, Sandeep Chaudhary
A microwave-assisted, environmentally benign green protocol for the synthesis of functionalized (Z)-3-(2-oxo-2-phenylethylidene)-3, 4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1,4]oxazin-2-ones (11a-n) in excellent yields (upto 97%) and (Z)-3-(2-oxo-2-phenylethylidene)-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2(1H)-ones (14a-h) (upto 96% yield) are reported. The practical applicability of developed methodology were also confirmed by the gram scale synthesis of 11a, 14c and 14e; synthesis of anticancer alkaloid Cephalandole A 16 (89% yield). All the synthesized compounds 11a-n, 14a-h and 16 were assessed for their in vitro antioxidant activities in DPPH radical scavenging and FRAP assay...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Markus M Knodel, Arne Nägel, Sebastian Reiter, Andreas Vogel, Paul Targett-Adams, John McLauchlan, Eva Herrmann, Gabriel Wittum
Exploring biophysical properties of virus-encoded components and their requirement for virus replication is an exciting new area of interdisciplinary virological research. To date, spatial resolution has only rarely been analyzed in computational/biophysical descriptions of virus replication dynamics. However, it is widely acknowledged that intracellular spatial dependence is a crucial component of virus life cycles. The hepatitis C virus-encoded NS5A protein is an endoplasmatic reticulum (ER)-anchored viral protein and an essential component of the virus replication machinery...
January 8, 2018: Viruses
Charoonsri Chusak, Thavaree Thilavech, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry, Sirichai Adisakwattana
BACKGROUND: Clitoria ternatea L., a natural food-colorant containing anthocyanin, demonstrated antioxidant and antihyperglycemic activity. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of Clitoria ternatea flower extract (CTE) on postprandial plasma glycemia response and antioxidant status in healthy men. METHODS: In a randomized, crossover study, 15 healthy men (ages 22.53 ± 0.30 years; with body mass index of 21.57 ± 0.54 kg/m2) consumed five beverages: (1) 50 g sucrose in 400 mL water; (2) 1 g CTE in 400 mL of water; (3) 2 g CTE in 400 mL of water; (4) 50 g sucrose and 1 g CTE in 400 mL of water; and (5) 50 g sucrose and 2 g CTE in 400 mL of water...
January 8, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Sushil Anand, Edwin Pang, George Livanos, Nitin Mantri
The antioxidant and antimicrobial components of honey vary based on sourced of nectar. Medicinal plants with the therapeutic value have potential to produce honey with greater bioactivity. The aim of the present study was to characterize the physico-chemical and antioxidant capacities of Agastache honey produced from Agastache rugosa and compare them with other popular commercial honeys sold in Australia. The total phenolics, total flavonoids, moisture content, colour, pH, protein content and antioxidant capacity were evaluated for Agastache, Manuka, Jelly bush, Tea tree, Super manuka and Jarrah honeys...
January 5, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiuhang Chai, Zong Meng, Peirang Cao, Jiang Jiang, Yuanfa Liu
Oil migration and fat recrystallization in fat-structured food materials can result in significant deterioration in food quality. Consequently, it is important to monitor and quantify the diffusivities of the migrants in fat crystal network. The diffusion coefficients of Nile red dye in liquid oils through fully hydrogenated palm kernel oil (FHPKO) / triolein (OOO) and fully hydrogenated soybean oil (FHSO) / triolein (OOO) systems were evaluated by the fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) method...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Vilasinee Hirunpanich Sato, Bunleu Sungthong, Prasob-Orn Rinthong, Narawat Nuamnaichati, Supachoke Mangmool, Savita Chewchida, Hitoshi Sato
CONTEXT: Chatuphalatika (CTPT), is a Thai herbal formulation mixture of Phyllanthus emblica Linn. (Euphorbiaceae), Terminalia belerica Linn. (Combretaceae), T. chebula and the fruit of T. arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. CTPT is considered to exert anti-inflammatory and antihyperuricemic effects, but there have been no reports to demonstrate these pharmacological effects in a quantitative manner. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and antihyperuricemic effects of CTPT...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
Subhendu Kumar Das, Arijit Ghosh, Srijita Paul Chowdhuri, Nyancy Halder, Ishita Rehman, Souvik Sengupta, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, Harapriya Rath, Benu Brata DAS
Camptothecin (CPT) selectively traps topoisomerase 1-DNA cleavable complexes (Top1cc) to promote anticancer activity. Here, we report the design, synthesis of a new class of neutral porphyrin derivative 5,10-bis(4-carboxyphenyl)-15, 20-bis(4-dimethylaminophenyl)-porphyrin (compound 8), as a potent catalytic inhibitor of human Top1. In contrast to CPT, compound 8 reversibly binds with the free enzyme and inhibits the formation of Top1cc and promotes reversal of the preformed Top1cc with CPT. Compound 8 induced inhibition of Top1cc formation in live cells was substantiated by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) assays...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
A E Ross, R R Pompano
Communication and drug efficacy in the immune system rely heavily on diffusion of proteins such as cytokines through the tissue matrix. Available methods to analyze diffusion in tissue require microinjection or saturating the tissue in protein, which may alter local transport properties due to damage or rapid cellular responses. Here, we developed a novel, user-friendly method - Microfluidic Integrated Optical Imaging (micro-IOI) - to quantify the effective diffusion coefficient of bioactive proteins in live tissue samples ex vivo...
February 13, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Bojana Vasilijević, Jelena Knežević-Vukčević, Dragana Mitić-Ćulafić, Dejan Orčić, Marina Francišković, Tatjana Srdic-Rajic, Marina Jovanović, Biljana Nikolić
Chemical composition and antioxidative, genotoxic and cytotoxic potential of essential oil (EO) and post-distillation waste (PDW) of Serbian Juniperus communis L. var. saxatilis Pall. was studied in human lung carcinoma (A549) and normal lung fibroblast (MRC-5) cells. GC-MS analysis identified 93.95% of total EO content and determined α-pinen as a dominant component (23.61%). LC-MS/MS analysis of PDW pointed at rutin (12.2 mg g-1) and quinic acid (11.1 mg g-1) as the most abundant. Antioxidativity of PDW was strong in DPPH (IC50 was 5...
December 26, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Musa Özil, Cansu Parlak, Nimet Baltaş
A novel 2-(aryl)-6-morpholin-4-yl(or 4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-1H-benzimidazole derivatives were designed and expeditiously synthesized starting from 5-morpholin-4-yl(or 4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-2-nitroaniline with various aldehydes which were preliminarily screened for in vitro antioxidant activities and glucosidase inhibitors. The benzimidazoles were effectively synthesized by a rapid 'onepot' nitro reductive cyclization reaction using sodium hydrosulfite as a reagent. All reactions were conducted using both the microwave and conventional methods to compare yields and reaction times...
December 16, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Asghar Zarban, Sediqe Ebrahimipour, Gholam-Reza Sharifzadeh, Anousheh Rashed-Mohassel, Mina Barkooi
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of children with primary molar abscesses before and two weeks after extraction of the infected tooth. Materials and methods: Forty one children aged between 3-6 years participatesd in this cross sectional study. The antioxidant activity of saliva was investigated in 20 patients with tooth abscesses affecting one of the first primary molars before and after tooth extraction in the case group and once in 21 children with no caries or dental problems in the control group...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Noushin Afsharmoghadam, Zahra Haghighatian, Hamid Mazdak, Nooshin Mirkheshti, Razieh Mehrabi Koushki, Sayyed Ali Alavi
Purpose: Curcumin (Cur), a herbal ingredient with anticancer properties, has been shown to inhibit growth of malignant cells in vivo and in vitro. However, studies on combination therapy of Cur with chemotherapeutic drugs have been limited. Here, effects of Cur on the cytotoxicity of 5-Fluorouracil (FU) were investigated with epithelial bladder cancer cells (EJ138) in vitro. Methods: EJ138 cells were treated with 5 and 15 μM of Cur and/ or 100 μM of FU. Cell viability was measured by sulforhodamine B colorimetric assay...
December 28, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Victor Manuel Zamora-Gasga, Alicia Paulina Cárdenas-Castro, Efigenia Montalvo-González, María Guadalupe Flavia Loarca-Piña, Vázquez-Landaverde Pedro Alberto, Juscelino Tovar, Sonia Guadalupe Sáyago-Ayerdi
The indigestible fraction (IF) isolated from three lunch menus: Modified Mexican Lunch (MM-L), Traditional Mexican Lunch (TM-L) and Alternative Mexican Lunch (AM-L), was studied in terms of antioxidant capacity (AOX) and metabolites produced through fermentation by human intestinal microbiota. IFs were isolated after withstanding in vitro gastrointestinal digestion and total soluble polyphenols (TSP), condensed tannins (CT), hydrolysable polyphenols (HP) and AOX (DPPH, FRAP) were evaluated. AOX, pH and bacterial metabolites profile changes were also monitored during in vitro colonic fermentation...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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