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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715409/zika-virus-inhibits-eif2%C3%AE-dependent-stress-granule-assembly
#1
Raquel Amorim, Abdelkrim Temzi, Bryan D Griffin, Andrew J Mouland
Zika virus (ZIKV), a member of the Flaviviridae family, is the most recent emerging arbovirus with pandemic potential. During infection, viruses trigger the host cell stress response, leading to changes in RNA translation and the assembly of large aggregates of stalled translation preinitiation complexes, termed stress granules (SGs). Several reports demonstrate that flaviviruses modulate the assembly of stress granules (SG). As an emerging pathogen, little is known however about how ZIKV modulates the host cell stress response...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705958/first-genome-sequences-of-dengue-virus-denv-strains-isolated-during-the-first-denv-4-outbreak-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#2
Ayda Susana Ortiz-Baez, Danielle Ferreira Silva, Daniel Ferreira, Paolo M Zanotto
Dengue virus (DENV) is an arbovirus belonging to the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae In Brazil, the reemergence and spread of DENV type 4 (DENV-4) across the country were responsible for a significant outbreak in Guarujá, São Paulo, Brazil. Here, we report the first genomic sequences of DENV strains circulating in Guarujá during the 2013 outbreak.
July 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705681/mosquito-borne-and-sexual-transmission-of-zika-virus-recent-developments-and-future-directions
#3
REVIEW
Tereza Magalhaes, Brian D Foy, Ernesto T A Marques, Gregory D Ebel, James Weger-Lucarelli
Zika virus (ZIKV; Genus Flavivirus, Family Flaviviridae) has recently emerged in Asia and the Americas to cause large outbreaks of human disease. The outbreak has been characterized by high attack rates, birth defects in infants and severe neurological complications in adults. ZIKV is transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes, but recent evidence implicates sexual transmission as playing an important role as well. This review highlights the transmission of ZIKV in humans, with a focus on both mosquito and sexually-transmitted routes and their outcomes...
July 10, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705183/generic-amplification-and-next-generation-sequencing-reveal-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-ap92-like-strain-and-distinct-tick-phleboviruses-in-anatolia-turkey
#4
Ender Dinçer, Annika Brinkmann, Olcay Hekimoğlu, Sabri Hacıoğlu, Katalin Földes, Zeynep Karapınar, Pelin Fatoş Polat, Bekir Oğuz, Özlem Orunç Kılınç, Peter Hagedorn, Nurdan Özer, Aykut Özkul, Andreas Nitsche, Koray Ergünay
BACKGROUND: Ticks are involved with the transmission of several viruses with significant health impact. As incidences of tick-borne viral infections are rising, several novel and divergent tick- associated viruses have recently been documented to exist and circulate worldwide. This study was performed as a cross-sectional screening for all major tick-borne viruses in several regions in Turkey. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was employed for virus genome characterization. Ticks were collected at 43 locations in 14 provinces across the Aegean, Thrace, Mediterranean, Black Sea, central, southern and eastern regions of Anatolia during 2014-2016...
July 14, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687362/the-unexpected-function-of-a-highly-conserved-yxx%C3%AE-motif-in-hcv-core-protein
#5
Eirini Karamichali, Elisavet Serti, Aikaterini Gianneli, Aikaterini Papaefthymiou, Athanassios Kakkanas, Pelagia Foka, Alexandros Seremetakis, Konstantina Katsarou, Ioannis P Trougakos, Urania Georgopoulou
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an RNA positive strand virus, member of the Flaviviridae family. The HCV viral particle is composed of a capsid containing the genome, surrounded by an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived lipid bilayer where E1 and E2 are assembled as heterodimers. However, different forms of viral particles have been identified in the serum of HCV-infected patients, including non-enveloped particles. Previous reports have demonstrated that HCV non-enveloped capsid-like particles (HCVne) can be generated by HCV core protein sequence...
July 4, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670306/complement-evasion-strategies-of-viruses-an-overview
#6
REVIEW
Palak Agrawal, Renuka Nawadkar, Hina Ojha, Jitendra Kumar, Arvind Sahu
Being a major first line of immune defense, the complement system keeps a constant vigil against viruses. Its ability to recognize large panoply of viruses and virus-infected cells, and trigger the effector pathways, results in neutralization of viruses and killing of the infected cells. This selection pressure exerted by complement on viruses has made them evolve a multitude of countermeasures. These include targeting the recognition molecules for the avoidance of detection, targeting key enzymes and complexes of the complement pathways like C3 convertases and C5b-9 formation - either by encoding complement regulators or by recruiting membrane-bound and soluble host complement regulators, cleaving complement proteins by encoding protease, and inhibiting the synthesis of complement proteins...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669036/genomic-and-antigenic-relationships-between-two-hobi-like-strains-and-other-members-of-the-pestivirus-genus
#7
Ana Cristina S Mósena, Samuel P Cibulski, Matheus N Weber, Simone Silveira, Mariana S Silva, Fabiana Q Mayer, Paulo M Roehe, Cláudio W Canal
'HoBi'-like viruses comprise a putative new species within the genus Pestivirus of the family Flaviviridae. 'HoBi'-like viruses have been detected worldwide in batches of fetal calf serum, in surveillance programs for bovine pestiviruses and from animals presenting clinical signs resembling bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV)-associated diseases. To date, few complete genome sequences of 'HoBi'-like viruses are available in public databases. Moreover, detailed analyses of such genomes are still scarce. In an attempt to expand data on the genetic diversity and biology of pestiviruses, two genomes of 'HoBi'-like viruses recovered from Brazilian cattle were described and characterized in this study...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656018/zika-virus-and-sexual-transmission-a-new-route-of-transmission-for-mosquito-borne-flaviviruses%C3%A2
#8
REVIEW
Andrew K Hastings, Erol Fikrig
Beginning in 2015, concern over a new global epidemic has spread in the media, governmental agencies, legislative bodies and the public at large. This newly emerging threat has been reported to cause symptoms ranging from mild fever, rash, and body aches, to severe birth defects and acute onset paralysis. The causative agent of this disease, Zika virus, is closely related to two other important human pathogens, dengue and West Nile Virus (WNV), but has some distinguishing features that has raised alarms from the scientific community...
June 2017: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653459/collaborative-study-to-establish-world-health-organization-international-reference-reagents-for-dengue-virus-types-1-to-4-rna-for-use-in-nucleic-acid-testing
#9
Germán Añez, Evgeniya Volkova, Zhen Jiang, Daniel A R Heisey, Caren Chancey, Rafaelle C G Fares, Maria Rios
BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most important reemerging mosquito-borne viral disease worldwide. Caused by dengue virus (DENV), a member of the genus Flavivirus in the Flaviviridae family, dengue can be asymptomatic (approx. 80% of cases) or symptomatic, ranging from a flu-like illness known as dengue fever, to a life-threatening form called severe dengue. DENV is primarily transmitted from human to human through the bite of mosquitoes of the genus Aedes; however, it is also transmissible by transfusion of blood and blood components and by solid organ transplant...
June 26, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644867/host-derived-apolipoproteins-play-comparable-roles-with-viral-secretory-proteins-erns-and-ns1-in-the-infectious-particle-formation-of-flaviviridae
#10
Takasuke Fukuhara, Tomokazu Tamura, Chikako Ono, Mai Shiokawa, Hiroyuki Mori, Kentaro Uemura, Satomi Yamamoto, Takeshi Kurihara, Toru Okamoto, Ryosuke Suzuki, Kentaro Yoshii, Takeshi Kurosu, Manabu Igarashi, Hiroshi Aoki, Yoshihiro Sakoda, Yoshiharu Matsuura
Amphipathic α-helices of exchangeable apolipoproteins have shown to play crucial roles in the formation of infectious hepatitis C virus (HCV) particles through the interaction with viral particles. Among the Flaviviridae members, pestivirus and flavivirus possess a viral structural protein Erns or a non-structural protein 1 (NS1) as secretory glycoproteins, respectively, while Hepacivirus including HCV has no secretory glycoprotein. In case of pestivirus replication, the C-terminal long amphipathic α-helices of Erns are important for anchoring to viral membrane...
June 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632511/zika-virus-a-cause-of-concern-in-transplantation
#11
Marilyn E Levi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Worldwide, the number of countries reporting Zika virus (ZKV) infection continues to increase. Although 80% of cases are asymptomatic, ZKV has been identified as a neurotropic virus associated with congenital microcephaly, Guillain-Barre' syndrome, and meningoencephalitis. Until recently, infection in transplant recipients has not been identified. This study will review the existing literature on ZKV infection, laboratory testing, and management in transplant recipients...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625589/acute-disseminated-encephalomyelitis-in-dengue-viral-infection
#12
REVIEW
Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman, Liyana Najwa Inche Mat, Hasnur Zaman Hashim, Fan Kee Hoo, Siew Mooi Ching, Ramachandran Vasudevan, Mohd Hazmi Mohamed, Hamidon Basri
Dengue is the most common arboviral disease affecting many countries worldwide. An RNA virus from the flaviviridae family, dengue has four antigenically distinct serotypes (DEN-1-DEN-4). Neurological involvement in dengue can be classified into dengue encephalopathy immune-mediated syndromes, encephalitis, neuromuscular or dengue muscle dysfunction and neuro-ophthalmic involvement. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an immune mediated acute demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system following recent infection or vaccination...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612239/dengue-hemorrhagic-fever-a-state-of-the-art-review-focused-in-pulmonary-involvement
#13
REVIEW
Renata Rocha de Almeida, Bernardo Paim, Solange Artimos de Oliveira, Arthur Soares Souza, Antônio Carlos Portugal Gomes, Dante Luiz Escuissato, Gláucia Zanetti, Edson Marchiori
Dengue fever is an arboviral disease transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female Aedes mosquitoes. Dengue virus is a member of the Flaviviridae family, and human infection can be caused by any of the four antigenically distinct serotypes (DENV 1-4). The infection has become recognized as the most important and prevalent arboviral disease in humans, endemic in almost 100 countries worldwide. Nearly 3 billion people live in areas with transmission risk. Autochthonous transmission of the virus in previously disease-free areas, increased incidence in endemic areas, and epidemic resurgence in controlled regions could increase the risk of contracting more severe forms of the disease, such as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)/dengue shock syndrome (DSS)...
June 13, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607841/ficus-septica-plant-extracts-for-treating-dengue-virus-in-vitro
#14
Nan-Chieh Huang, Wan-Ting Hung, Wei-Lun Tsai, Feng-Yi Lai, You-Sheng Lin, Mei-Shu Huang, Jih-Jung Chen, Wei-Yu Lin, Jing-Ru Weng, Tsung-Hsien Chang
Dengue virus types 1-4 (DENV-1-4) are positive-strand RNA viruses with an envelope that belongs to the Flaviviridae. DENV infection threatens human health worldwide. However, other than supportive treatments, no specific therapy is available for the infection. In order to discover novel medicine against DENV, we tested 59 crude extracts, without cytotoxicity, from 23 plants in vitro; immunofluorescence assay revealed that the methanol extracts of fruit, heartwood, leaves and stem from Ficus septica Burm. f...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601976/zika-virus-as-an-emerging-neuropathogen-mechanisms-of-neurovirulence-and-neuro-immune-interactions
#15
REVIEW
Gerwyn Morris, Tatiana Barichello, Brendon Stubbs, Cristiano A Köhler, André F Carvalho, Michael Maes
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging arbovirus of the genus Flaviviridae, which causes a febrile illness and has spread from across the Pacific to the Americas in a short timeframe. Convincing evidence has implicated the ZIKV to incident cases of neonatal microcephaly and a set of neurodevelopmental abnormalities referred to as the congenital Zika virus syndrome. In addition, emerging data points to an association with the ZIKV and the development of the so-called Guillain-Barre syndrome, an acute autoimmune polyneuropathy...
June 11, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600536/imipramine-inhibits-chikungunya-virus-replication-in-human-skin-fibroblasts-through-interference-with-intracellular-cholesterol-trafficking
#16
Sineewanlaya Wichit, Rodolphe Hamel, Eric Bernard, Loïc Talignani, Fodé Diop, Pauline Ferraris, Florian Liegeois, Peeraya Ekchariyawat, Natthanej Luplertlop, Pornapat Surasombatpattana, Frédéric Thomas, Andres Merits, Valérie Choumet, Pierre Roques, Hans Yssel, Laurence Briant, Dorothée Missé
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging arbovirus of the Togaviridae family that poses a present worldwide threat to human in the absence of any licensed vaccine or antiviral treatment to control viral infection. Here, we show that compounds interfering with intracellular cholesterol transport have the capacity to inhibit CHIKV replication in human skin fibroblasts, a major viral entry site in the human host. Pretreatment of these cells with the class II cationic amphiphilic compound U18666A, or treatment with the FDA-approved antidepressant drug imipramine resulted in a near total inhibition of viral replication and production at the highest concentration used without any cytotoxic effects...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592527/zika-virus-hijacks-stress-granule-proteins-and-modulates-the-host-stress-response
#17
Shangmei Hou, Anil Kumar, Zaikun Xu, Adriana M Airo, Iryna Stryapunina, Cheung Pang Wong, William Branton, Egor Tchesnokov, Matthias Götte, Christopher Power, Tom C Hobman
Zika virus (ZIKV), a member of the Flaviviridae family, has recently emerged as an important human pathogen with increasing economic and health impact worldwide. Because of its teratogenic nature and association with the serious neurological condition Guillain-Barré syndrome, a tremendous amount of effort has focused on understanding ZIKV pathogenesis. To gain further insights into ZIKV interaction with host cells, we investigated how this pathogen affects stress response pathways. While ZIKV infection induces stress signaling that leads to phosphorylation of eIF2α and cellular translational arrest, stress granule (SG) formation was inhibited...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587150/variability-and-global-distribution-of-subgenotypes-of-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus
#18
REVIEW
Kadir Yeşilbağ, Gizem Alpay, Paul Becher
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a globally-distributed agent responsible for numerous clinical syndromes that lead to major economic losses. Two species, BVDV-1 and BVDV-2, discriminated on the basis of genetic and antigenic differences, are classified in the genus Pestivirus within the Flaviviridae family and distributed on all of the continents. BVDV-1 can be segregated into at least twenty-one subgenotypes (1a-1u), while four subgenotypes have been described for BVDV-2 (2a-2d). With respect to published sequences, the number of virus isolates described for BVDV-1 (88...
May 26, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579764/is-zika-virus-an-emerging-torch-agent-an-invited-commentary
#19
Mohammad Zare Mehrjardi
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne arbovirus from the family Flaviviridae, which had caused some epidemics since its discovery in 1947 without any significant impacts on public health. In 2015, however, a 20-fold increase in congenital microcephaly cases in northeastern Brazil was attributed to prenatally acquired ZIKV infection. Traditionally, TORCH agents have 4 common characteristics including causing a mild illness in infected mother, vertical transmission to fetus, developing several anomalies in the affected fetus, and in some instances, maternal therapy may not ameliorate fetal prognosis...
2017: Virology: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560571/molecular-studies-with-aedes-stegomyia-aegypti-linnaeus-1762-mosquito-transmitting-the-dengue-virus
#20
REVIEW
Luciana Patrícia Lima Alves Pereira, Maria Cristiane Aranha Brito, Felipe Bastos Araruna, Marcelo Souza de Andrade, Denise Fernandes Coutinho Moraes, Antônio Carlos Romão Borges, Emygdia Rosa do Rêgo Barros Pires Leal
Dengue is an infectious viral disease, which can present a wide clinical picture, ranging from oligo or asymptomatic forms, to bleeding and shock, and can progress to death. The disease problem has increased in recent years, especially in urban and suburban areas of tropical and subtropical regions. There are five dengue viruses, called serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, DEN-4, and DEN-5), which belong to the Flaviviridae family and are transmitted to humans through infected mosquito bites, with the main vector the Aedes aegypti mosquito (Linnaeus, 1762)...
May 30, 2017: Parasitology Research
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