keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IDU

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023431/hiv-care-outcomes-among-hispanics-or-latinos-with-diagnosed-hiv-infection-united-states-2015
#1
Zanetta Gant, Andre Dailey, Xiaohong Hu, Anna Satcher Johnson
Data from CDC's National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS)* are used to monitor progress toward achieving national goals set forth in the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention's Strategic Plan (1) and other federal directives(†) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, care, and treatment outcomes and HIV-related disparities in the United States. Recent data indicate that Hispanics or Latinos(§) are disproportionately affected by HIV infection. Hispanics or Latinos living with diagnosed HIV infection have lower levels of care and viral suppression than do non-Hispanic whites but higher levels than those reported among blacks or African Americans (2)...
October 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981535/predictors-of-transitions-in-frailty-severity-and-mortality-among-people-aging-with-hiv
#2
Thomas D Brothers, Susan Kirkland, Olga Theou, Stefano Zona, Andrea Malagoli, Lindsay M K Wallace, Chiara Stentarelli, Cristina Mussini, Julian Falutz, Giovanni Guaraldi, Kenneth Rockwood
BACKGROUND: People aging with HIV show variable health trajectories. Our objective was to identify longitudinal predictors of frailty severity and mortality among a group aging with HIV. METHODS: Exploratory analyses employing a multistate transition model, with data from the prospective Modena HIV Metabolic Clinic Cohort Study, based in Northern Italy, begun in 2004. Participants were followed over four years from their first available visit. We included all 963 participants (mean age 46...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981193/organ-utilization-from-increased-infectious-risk-donors-an-observational-study
#3
Arnaud G L'Huillier, Atul Humar, Clare Payne, Deepali Kumar
BACKGROUND: Donors with an increased risk of transmitting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) (increased risk donors [IRDs]) are a potential source of organs for transplant. Organs from IRDs can be utilized with appropriate recipient consent and post-transplant follow-up. We reviewed the characteristics and utilization of IRDs in our Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) over a 2-year period. METHODS: Donor information from April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2015 was obtained through the OPO database...
October 5, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975631/global-epidemiology-of-human-herpesvirus-8-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Zhenqiu Liu, Qiwen Fang, Jialu Zuo, Yue Chen, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Tiejun Zhang
Men who have sex with men (MSM) were highly vulnerable to HIV/AIDS and Human herpes virus 8 (HHV8), while the epidemiologic features of HHV8 among MSM remain obscure. We therefore performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the burden of HHV8 in MSM. Electronic databases were searched for publications on HHV8 epidemiologic characteristics among MSM. Random-effect meta-analysis was applied to combine the HHV8 seroprevalence in MSM and odds ratios (ORs) for associated risk factors. Meta-regression and stratified analyses were performed to detect the potential sources of heterogeneity...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931062/factors-associated-with-hepatitis-c-prevalence-differ-by-the-stage-of-liver-fibrosis-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-general-population-in-poland-2012-2016
#5
Magdalena Rosińska, Natalia Parda, Agnieszka Kołakowska, Paulina Godzik, Karolina Zakrzewska, Kazimierz Madaliński, Andrzej Zieliński, Anna Boguradzka, Rafał Gierczyński, Małgorzata Stępień
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is a considerable burden of hepatitis C in Europe related to the lack of prompt diagnosis. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and related risk factors of HCV infections by the stages of liver fibrosis, using non-invasive methods, to understand testing needs in Poland. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012-2016 adopting a stratified random sampling of primary health care units followed by systematic sampling of patients within each unit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899995/hiv-seroconversion-among-baltimore-city-residents-tested-at-a-mobile-van-programme
#6
Sarah Puryear, Phyllis Burnett, Kathleen R Page, Ravikiran Muvva, Patrick Chaulk, Khalil G Ghanem, Anne Monroe
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with HIV in the USA are unaware of their diagnosis, and therefore cannot be engaged in treatment services, have worse clinical outcomes and are more likely to transmit HIV to others. Mobile van testing may increase HIV testing and diagnosis. Our objective was to characterise risk factors for HIV seroconversion among individuals using mobile van testing. METHODS: A case cohort study (n=543) was conducted within an HIV surveillance dataset of mobile van testing users with at least two HIV tests between September 2004 and August 2009 in Baltimore, Maryland...
September 12, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890504/an-alarmingly-high-proportion-of-anti-retroviral-drugs-resistant-hiv-1-infection-among-high-risk-groups-in-central-vietnam-a-sub-study-of-the-national-sentinel-survey
#7
Hung Thai Do, Dong Thanh Nguyen, Lan Anh Thi Nguyen, Duong Huy Do, Huy Xuan Le, Xuan Mai Thi Trinh, Hong Vy Nu Ton, Ikumi Sawada, Noriko Kitamura, Nhat Minh Le, Keisuke Yoshihara, Thu Huong Thi Phan, Chien Trong Bui, Koya Ariyoshi, Lay Myint Yoshida
We investigated the prevalence of HIV drug resistance among high risk groups such as injecting drug user (IDU), female sex worker (FSW) and men having sex with men (MSM) in central Vietnam. We used HIV positive samples from 2012-2013 sentinel surveillance surveys. Study subjects were screened for HIV infection by standardized screening assays and the positive samples were further tested for HIV viral load and drug resistant mutations by in-house assays. Drug resistant mutations (DRMs) were determined using the Stanford University online sequence analysis tool...
September 11, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864869/charlson-comorbidity-index-inappropriate-medication-use-and-cognitive-impairment-bermuda-triangle
#8
Kamile Silay, Ahmet Yalcin, Sema Akinci, Fatma Gul Gursoy, Didem Sener Dede
BACKGROUND: The aim is to evaluate the association between the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), polypharmacy, inappropriate medication use and cognitive impairment in long-term care facility patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 105 long-term care facility residents was performed. The Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was used. Inappropriate drug use (IDU) was defined according to the STOPP (Screening Tool of Older People's Prescriptions) criteria...
September 1, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829824/a-syndemic-approach-to-assess-the-effect-of-substance-use-and-social-disparities-on-the-evolution-of-hiv-hcv-infections-in-british-columbia
#9
Zahid Ahmad Butt, Nabin Shrestha, Stanley Wong, Margot Kuo, Dionne Gesink, Mark Gilbert, Jason Wong, Amanda Yu, Maria Alvarez, Hasina Samji, Jane A Buxton, James C Johnston, Victoria J Cook, David Roth, Theodora Consolacion, Michelle Murti, Travis S Hottes, Gina Ogilvie, Robert Balshaw, Mark W Tyndall, Mel Krajden, Naveed Z Janjua
BACKGROUND: Co-occurrence of social conditions and infections may affect HIV/HCV disease risk and progression. We examined the changes in relationship of these social conditions and infections on HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections over time in British Columbia during 1990-2013. METHODS: The BC Hepatitis Testers Cohort (BC-HTC) includes ~1.5 million individuals tested for HIV or HCV, or reported as a case of HCV, HIV, HBV, or tuberculosis linked to administrative healthcare databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807658/self-reported-participation-in-voluntary-nonprescription-syringe-sales-in-california-s-central-valley
#10
Robin A Pollini
OBJECTIVES: California Senate Bill 41 (SB41), effective January 2012, is a human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus prevention measure designed to expand syringe access among injection drug users (IDUs) by allowing pharmacies to sell syringes without a prescription. This study assesses self-reported implementation of SB41 and characterizes barriers amenable to intervention. DESIGN: Interviewer-administered survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Fresno and Kern Counties, CA...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797690/stem-cells-distribution-cellular-proliferation-and-migration-in-the-adult-austrolebias-charrua-brain
#11
Maximiliano Torres-Pérez, Juan Carlos Rosillo, Ines Berrosteguieta, Silvia Olivera-Bravo, Gabriela Casanova, José Manuel García-Verdugo, Anabel Sonia Fernández
Our previous studies demonstrated that Austrolebias charrua annual fish is an excellent model to study adult brain cell proliferation and neurogenesis due to the presence of active and fast neurogenesis in several regions during its short lifespan. Our main goal was to identify and localize the cells that compose the neurogenic areas throughout the Austrolebias brain. To do this, we used two thymidine halogenated analogs to detect cell proliferation at different survival times: 5-chloro-2́-deoxyuridine (CldU) at 1 day and 5-iodo-2́-deoxyuridine (IdU) at 30 days...
August 7, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796293/il7ra-polymorphisms-are-not-associated-with-aids-progression
#12
Luz María Medrano, José Luis Jiménez, María A Jiménez-Sousa, Amanda Fernández-Rodíguez, Mónica Gutiérrez-Rivas, José María Bellón, José Ramón Blanco, Alexy Inciarte, Mª Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Salvador Resino
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine whether α-chain of the IL-7 receptor (IL7RA) polymorphisms (rs10491434, rs6897932 and rs987106) are associated with the clinical pattern of AIDS progression in ART-naïve HIV-infected patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study in 673 HIV-infected patients who were classified into three groups according to the clinical pattern of AIDS progression (188 long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs), 334 moderate progressors (MPs) and 151 rapid progressors (RPs))...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792071/high-prevalence-of-hbv-infection-detection-of-subgenotypes-f1b-a2-and-d4-and-differential-risk-factors-among-mexican-risk-populations-with-low-socioeconomic-status
#13
Alexis Jose-Abrego, Arturo Panduro, Nora A Fierro, Sonia Roman
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may be underestimated among high-risk individuals in regions of low HBs antigenemia. This study aimed to assess HBV serological markers, genotypes, and risk factors in Mexican patients with risk of HBV infection and low socioeconomic status. Demographics, clinical, and risk factor data were collected in patients with HIV (n = 289), HCV (n = 243), deferred blood donors (D-BD) (n = 83), and two native populations, Mixtecos (n = 57) and Purepechas (n = 44)...
December 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765078/evolution-of-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-distribution-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients-in-italy-between-1997-and-2015
#14
B Rossetti, F Bai, A Tavelli, M Galli, A Antinori, F Castelli, G Pellizzer, A Cozzi-Lepri, S Bonora, A d'Arminio Monforte, M Puoti, A De Luca
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the variation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence and genotype distribution and their determinants in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who entered care between 1997 and 2015. METHODS: HIV-infected patients enrolled in ICONA who were tested for HCV antibodies (HCV-Ab) were included. RESULTS: Overall 3407 of 12 135 (28.1%) were HCV-Ab+; and 735 of 12 135 (6.1%) were HBsAg+. Among patients whose HCV genotype was known, the most represented were genotypes 1 and 3...
July 29, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753601/a-hierarchical-bayesian-model-for-understanding-the-spatiotemporal-dynamics-of-the-intestinal-epithelium
#15
Oliver J Maclaren, Aimée Parker, Carmen Pin, Simon R Carding, Alastair J M Watson, Alexander G Fletcher, Helen M Byrne, Philip K Maini
Our work addresses two key challenges, one biological and one methodological. First, we aim to understand how proliferation and cell migration rates in the intestinal epithelium are related under healthy, damaged (Ara-C treated) and recovering conditions, and how these relations can be used to identify mechanisms of repair and regeneration. We analyse new data, presented in more detail in a companion paper, in which BrdU/IdU cell-labelling experiments were performed under these respective conditions. Second, in considering how to more rigorously process these data and interpret them using mathematical models, we use a probabilistic, hierarchical approach...
July 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739101/examining-the-effects-of-illicit-drug-use-on-tobacco-cessation-outcomes-in-the-helping-hand-2-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Joanna M Streck, Susan Regan, Yuchiao Chang, Jennifer H K Kelley, Daniel E Singer, Nancy A Rigotti
BACKGROUND: Individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) smoke at higher rates and have higher tobacco-related mortality than the general population. Despite having an interest in smoking cessation, smokers with SUDs may have greater difficulty quitting. METHODS: Analysis of data from a RCT testing a post-discharge smoking cessation intervention for hospitalized cigarette smokers interested in quitting. Past 7day tobacco abstinence was self-reported at 1, 3, and 6 months and biochemically confirmed at 6 months post-discharge...
September 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733798/silence-surrounding-hepatitis-c-status-in-risk-relationships-among-rural-people-who-use-drugs
#17
Megan G Hofmeister, Jennifer R Havens, April M Young
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has reached epidemic proportions in rural Central Appalachia in recent years. We sought to identify demographic, behavioral, and interpersonal characteristics associated with HCV serostatus disclosure among high risk people who use drugs (PWUD) in Appalachian Kentucky. HCV antibody-positive participants (n = 243), drawn from the fifth follow-up assessment of a longitudinal study of rural PWUD, completed interviewer-administered questionnaires eliciting demographic and interpersonal characteristics, risk behaviors, and information about HCV disclosure...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726043/injection-drug-use-unemployment-and-severe-food-insecurity-among-hiv-hcv-co-infected-individuals-a-mediation-analysis
#18
Taylor McLinden, Erica E M Moodie, Anne-Marie Hamelin, Sam Harper, Sharon L Walmsley, Gilles Paradis, Wusiman Aibibula, Marina B Klein, Joseph Cox
Severe food insecurity (FI), which indicates reduced food intake, is common among HIV-hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected individuals. Given the importance of unemployment as a proximal risk factor for FI, this mediation analysis examines a potential mechanism through which injection drug use (IDU) is associated with severe FI. We used biannual data from the Canadian Co-infection Cohort (N = 429 with 3 study visits, 2012-2015). IDU in the past 6 months (exposure) and current unemployment (mediator) were self-reported...
July 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710214/trends-and-factors-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-or-hepatitis-c-virus-testing-and-infection-among-injection-drug-users-newly-entering-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-guangdong-province-china-2006-2013-a-consecutive-cross-sectional-study
#19
Yin Liu, Yu Liu, Xia Zou, Wen Chen, Li Ling
OBJECTIVES: To assess trends and related factors in HIV and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody testing and infection among injection drug users (IDUs) newly entering methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Guangdong Province, China. METHOD: Consecutive cross sectional surveys were conducted in 14 MMT clinics from July 2006 to December 2013 in Guangdong Province, China. IDUs were excluded if they were re-enrolled or referred from other MMT clinics. Trend tests were used to examine HIV and/or HCV testing and infection, sociodemographic characteristics, drug use related behaviours and the past 3 month sexual behaviours on enrolment...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705440/inhibition-of-trkb-at-the-nucleus-accumbens-using-ana-12-regulates-basal-and-stress-induced-orexin-a-expression-within-the-mesolimbic-system-and-affects-anxiety-sociability-and-motivation
#20
Idu Azogu, Helene Plamondon
Repeated stress exposure can lead to the development of anxiety and mood disorders. An emerging biological substrate of depression and associated pathology is the nucleus accumbens (NAc), which through interactions with limbic, cognitive and motor circuits can regulate a variety of stress responses. Within these circuits, orexin neurons are involved in arousal and stress adaptability, effects proposed mediated via brain-derived neurotrophic factor signaling. This study tested the hypotheses that 1) repeated exposure to heterotypic stress alters social ability and preference and passive avoidant behaviors, 2) TrkB receptors at the NAc shell regulates stress-induced behavioral responses and orexin expression within the mesocorticolimbic system...
July 11, 2017: Neuropharmacology
keyword
keyword
117113
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"