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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906469/corrective-osteotomy-of-a-metacarpal-deviation-caused-by-fracture-in-a-9-month-old-german-fleckvieh-heifer
#1
Theresa S Tschoner, Roberto G Köstlin, Melanie Feist
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical treatment of a metacarpal deviation caused by an untreated Salter-Harris type I fracture in a heifer. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMAL: 9-month-old German Fleckvieh heifer. METHODS: A closing wedge osteotomy was performed to correct deviation of fused metacarpal III and IV. A triangular bone wedge was removed and the proximal and distal fragments of the bone were brought into apposition and stabilized with an 11-hole T-plate...
December 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906426/continuous-monitoring-of-intracranial-pressure-for-prediction-of-postoperative-complications-of-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#2
S-X Yu, Q-S Zhang, Y Yin, Z Liu, J-M Wu, M-X Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the value of continuous dynamic monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage to predict early postoperative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 80 patients treated in our hospital from February 2014 to February 2015 were analyzed. The patients all underwent decompressive craniectomies, and their ICP changes were monitored invasively and continuously for 1 to 7 days after surgery...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906169/automated-identification-of-mouse-visual-areas-with-intrinsic-signal-imaging
#3
Ashley L Juavinett, Ian Nauhaus, Marina E Garrett, Jun Zhuang, Edward M Callaway
Intrinsic signal optical imaging (ISI) is a rapid and noninvasive method for observing brain activity in vivo over a large area of the cortex. Here we describe our protocol for mapping retinotopy to identify mouse visual cortical areas using ISI. First, surgery is performed to attach a head frame to the mouse skull (∼1 h). The next day, intrinsic activity across the visual cortex is recorded during the presentation of a full-field drifting bar in the horizontal and vertical directions (∼2 h). Horizontal and vertical retinotopic maps are generated by analyzing the response of each pixel during the period of the stimulus...
January 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906164/early-sigmoidoscopy-or-colonoscopy-is-associated-with-improved-hospital-outcomes-in-ulcerative-colitis-related-hospitalization
#4
Kenneth Obi, Alice Hinton, Lindsay Sobotka, Razvan Arsenescu, Somashekar G Krishna, Edward J Levine, Cheng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Performing a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy is recommended for assessment of disease activity, excluding infection, and guiding medical treatment during ulcerative colitis (UC)-related hospitalizations. However, it is unknown whether the timing of endoscopy impacts clinical outcomes. The objective of our study was to determine the impact of timing of endoscopy on hospital outcomes in patients with UC-related hospitalizations. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2006-2013)...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906091/impact-of-prophylactic-administration-of-levosimendan-on-short-term-and-long-term-outcome-in-high-risk-patients-with-severely-reduced-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
Philippe Grieshaber, Stella Lipp, Andreas Arnold, Gerold Görlach, Matthias Wollbrück, Peter Roth, Bernd Niemann, Jochen Wilhelm, Andreas Böning
BACKGROUND: Patients with severely reduced left-ventricular ejection fraction carry a high risk of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Levosimendan can be used prophylactically in these patients having shown positive effects on short-term outcome. However, effects on long-term outcome and patient subgroups benefiting the most are unknown. We aim to address these topics with real-life data from our clinical practice. METHODS: Two hundred eigthy eight patients with preoperative LVEF ≤ 35% underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass between 2009 and 2013...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906089/esophageal-perforation-after-perioperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-a-case-report
#6
Hyun-Chang Kim, Jung-Hyou Oh, Yong-Cheol Lee
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography is widely used in cardiac surgery. Transesophageal echocardiography probe insertion and manipulation can injure the esophagus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old Asian man was admitted to our hospital for coronary artery bypass graft revascularization surgery. A right carotid endarterectomy was successfully performed 2 days before coronary artery bypass graft revascularization surgery. After the coronary artery bypass graft revascularization surgery was done successfully, postoperative computed tomography and esophagography revealed perforation of the middle esophagus...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906070/subretinal-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-implantation-in-advanced-stage-retinitis-pigmentosa-a-phase-i-clinical-safety-study
#7
Ayse Oner, Z Burcin Gonen, Neslihan Sinim, Mustafa Cetin, Yusuf Ozkul
BACKGROUND: This prospective clinical case series aimed to investigate the safety of subretinal adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC) implantation in advanced stage retinitis pigmentosa (RP). METHODS: This study included 11 patients with end-stage RP who received subretinal implantation of ADMSCs. All patients had a total visual field defect and five of them only had light perception. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the study was 20/2000...
December 1, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906066/a-giant-infiltrating-angiolipoma-of-the-mediastinum-a-case-report
#8
Peng Liu, Wen-Cheng Che, Huai-Jun Ji, Zhong-Min Jiang
BACKGROUND: Angiolipoma is a rare benign neoplasm composed of mature fatty tissue and multiple small abnormal blood vessels. Infiltrating mediastinal angiolipoma is an extremely rare tumor associated with delayed diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old woman was presented with 3-month history of mild chest tightness. Imaging of the chest showed a large mass with fat densities in the middle superior mediastinum. A presumptive diagnosis was a tumor of liposarcoma...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905830/isolated-cardiac-peripheral-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-a-case-report
#9
Chengming Fan, Demiao Kong, Changming Tan, Jinfu Yang
BACKGROUND: Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor isolated in the heart, presenting as a primary cardiac tumor is considered as extremely rare. METHODS: We present a 53-year-old Chinese female with a cardiac tumour which was discovered by computed tomography. RESULTS: A hypo-intense tumorous mass was shown extending from the left ventricle by Cardiac CT, and fused FDG positron emission tomography demonstrated no other abnormal FDG active lesions in the body...
December 1, 2016: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905692/remote-pre-procedural-ischemic-stroke-was-the-strongest-risk-for-stroke-and-death-associated-with-carotid-stenting-a-single-center-experience
#10
Mária Rašiová, Ľubomír Špak, Ľudmila Farkašová, Štefan Pataky, Martin Koščo, Marek Hudák, Matej Moščovič, Norbert Leško
BACKGROUND: The goal of carotid artery stenting (CAS) is to decrease the stroke risk in patients with carotid stenosis. This procedure carries an immediate risk of stroke and death and many patients do not benefit from it, especially asymptomatic patients. Patient selection for carotid procedure who benefit from procedure and who is the procedure hazardous for is important. Remote ischemic stroke is known risk factor for stroke reccurence during surgery. The aim of our study was to determine the periprocedural complication risk (within 30 days after CAS) associated with carotid stenting (stroke, death) between patients with remote pre- procedural ischemic stroke and without it; to analyse periprocedural risk in other specific patient subgroups treated with CAS and to determine the impact of observed variables on all- cause mortality during long-term follow-up...
December 1, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905650/-aseptic-techniques-for-minor-surgical-procedures
#11
Marcela Concha-Rogazy, Catalina Andrighetti-Ferrada, Maximiliano Curi-Tuma
Aseptic techniques are those practices designed to reduce the risk of surgical site infection (SSI), defined as such, all those that occur within the first 30 days of the procedure. While the patient’s risk of developing an SSI in dermatologic surgery is low since many of the procedures are considered sterile, there are different factors associated with an increased or decreased risk of developing SSI. The characteristics of the surgical wound (such as involving infected or inflamed tissue or when breaks in the aseptic technique occur), patient characteristics (such as age, comorbidities, medication use and smoking) and procedure factors (such as setting, surgical technique, type of procedure, duration and body region involved)...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905625/-epidemiological-description-of-human-and-animal-hydatidosis-in-los-r%C3%A3-os-region-1999-2009
#12
Gerardo Acosta-Jamett, Reinaldo Vargas, Santiago Ernst
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hydatidosis in humans and livestock in the Los Ríos region during the years 1999-2009. METHODS: A retrospective survey of all discharge records of patients undergoing removal of cysts produced by Echinococcus granulosus during the period 1999-2009 in the Hospital Clinico Regional of Valdivia was conducted. With the information provided incidence rate, mortality rate and fatality rate were calculated. Additionally, with the aim of determining prevalence of hydatidosis in livestock (i...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905374/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-inflammatory-diseases-of-the-mammary-ducts
#13
G A Belonenko, A G Grintsov, A G Osipov, G G Pilyugin, Yu G Lutsenko, E G Aksenova, A A Aksenov
AIM: The analysis and popularization of the own experience of ultrasonic diagnostics and minimal invasive interventions for inflammatory diseases of the mammary ducts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 249 women were observed: 182 (73.1%) cases of periductal mastitis and 67 (26.9%) cases of purulent galactophoritis. Patients with purulent galactophoritis were divided into 2 groups (main and control). The main group consisted of 50 patients after minimal invasive interventions, control - 17 women after traditional surgery...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905306/introduction-of-day-care-thyroid-surgery-in-a-dutch-non-academic-hospital
#14
R R Dulfer, K S de Valk, F Gilissen, T M van Ginhoven, P C Smit
OBJECTIVE: Hemithyroidectomy is the most common endocrine surgical procedure and is performed with low complication rates. Multiple international reports indicate that thyroid surgery in the day care setting is feasible and safe. Despite these results, day care thyroid surgery has not yet been implemented in the Netherlands. The objective of this study is to assess the safety of thyroid surgery in our institution and, when deemed safe, implement day care thyroid surgery. METHODS: All patients who underwent hemithyroidectomy in our institution between January 2010 and December 2014 were included in the retrospective analysis...
November 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905299/lack-of-an-apparent-role-for-endothelin-1-in-the-prolonged-reduction-in-renal-perfusion-following-severe-unilateral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-the-mouse
#15
Erika I Boesen
Therapeutic approaches to block the progression from acute kidney injury to chronic kidney disease are currently lacking. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a powerful vasoconstrictor, induced by hypoxia, and previously implicated in renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. This study tested the hypothesis that blunting the vascular influence of ET-1, either through endothelin ETA receptor blockade (ABT-627) or vascular endothelial cell deletion of ET-1 (VEET KO), would improve recovery of renal perfusion and repair of injury following a severe ischemic insult in mice (45 min unilateral renal ischemia)...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905219/early-24-hour-blood-pressure-response-to-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-obese-patients
#16
Julie S Pedersen, Christian Borup, Morten Damgaard, Vindhya D Yatawara, Andrea K Floyd, Niels Gadsbøll, Peter K Bonfils
Recently, it has been proposed, that the blood pressure (BP) lowering effect of gastric bypass surgery not only is explained by the obtained weight loss, but that the anatomical rearrangement of the gut after 'malabsorptive' surgical techniques, such as the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), may affect BP through a change in a putative 'entero-renal' axis. If so one could anticipate a reduction in BP even before a noticeable weight loss was obtained. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the very early BP response to LRYGB surgery...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905208/effects-of-cisplatin-on-the-auditory-function-of-ovariectomized-rats-with-estrogen-deficiency
#17
Xu-Jun Hu, Fang-Fang Li, Ying Wang, Chi-Chuen Lau
CONCLUSION: The ovariectomy in rats does not change their auditory function. However, combining ovariectomy with Cisplatin treatment increases the risk of damaging the auditory function relative to the ototoxic effect caused by Cisplatin alone or ovariectomy alone. OBJECTIVES: The auditory benefit from estrogen depends on a number of factors that make findings among studies controversial. The present study was to examine the impact of Cisplatin, a chemotherapy drug, on the auditory function of ovariectomized rats...
December 1, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905181/effectiveness-of-collagen-oxidised-regenerated-cellulose-silver-containing-composite-wound-dressing-for-the-treatment-of-medium-depth-split-thickness-skin-graft-donor-site-wounds-in-multi-morbid-patients-a-prospective-non-comparative-single-centre-study
#18
Alexander Konstantinow, Tatjana V Fischer, Johannes Ring
Split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) is a widely used method in reconstructive surgery, but donor site wounds (DSWs) are often slow healing and painful. This prospective study evaluated the performance of a composite wound dressing containing collagen/oxidised regenerated cellulose in the treatment of medium-depth (0·4 mm) DSWs in 25 multi-morbid patients with chronic leg ulcers requiring STSG. The range of patients' ages was 44-84 years (mean 71·6 years) with DSW sizes ranging between 12 and 162 cm(2) (mean 78 cm(2) )...
December 1, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905180/frequency-and-cost-of-acute-surgical-admissions-in-over-anticoagulated-patients-over-anticoagulation-in-the-community
#19
Moea Nimmo, Delwyn Armstrong, Jonathan B Koea
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation treatment in the community is common. This investigation was undertaken to determine the frequency of patient surgical admission with conditions associated with over-anticoagulation in the community and the surgical resource required to effectively and safely manage these patients acutely. METHODS: Hospital discharge data on individual patients admitted to Waitemata District Health Board hospitals between December 2014 and November 2015 inclusive were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905060/perioperative-risk-adjustment-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-are-simple-clinically-driven-models-sufficient
#20
David N Bernstein, Aakash Keswani, David Ring
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in value-based health care in the United States. Statistical analysis of large databases can inform us of the factors associated with and the probability of adverse events and unplanned readmissions that diminish quality and add expense. For example, increased operating time and high blood urea nitrogen (BUN) are associated with adverse events, whereas patients on antihypertensive medications were more likely to have an unplanned readmission. Many surgeons rely on their knowledge and intuition when assessing the risk of a procedure...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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