keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Irritable

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922580/accuracy-of-the-defining-characteristics-of-the-nursing-diagnosis-hypothermia-in-newborns
#1
Wislla Ketlly Menezes de Aquino, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Viviane Martins da Silva, Nathaly Bianka Moraes Fróes, Angélica Paixão de Menezes, Aline de Aquino Peres Almeida, Bianca Alves Sobreira
PURPOSE: To analyze the accuracy of the defining characteristics of hypothermia in newborns and to verify associations between defining characteristics and clinical variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional accuracy study with statistical analysis. FINDINGS: Slow capillary refill, decrease in ventilation, peripheral vasoconstriction, and insufficient weight gain were the defining characteristics with the highest specificity values, while slow gastric emptying, skin cool to touch, irritability, and bradycardia were the defining characteristics with the highest values for both sensitivity and specificity...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921770/does-an-observer-s-empathy-influence-my-pain-effect-of-perceived-empathetic-or-unempathetic-support-in-a-pain-test
#2
C Fauchon, I Faillenot, A M Perrin, C Borg, V Pichot, F Chouchou, L Garcia-Larrea, R Peyron
The physiological and behavioural effects of empathy for other's pain have been widely investigated, while the opposite situation, i.e. the influence on one's pain of empathetic feedback from others, remains largely unexplored. Here, we assessed whether and how empathetic and unempathetic comments from observers modulate pain and associated vegetative reactions. In Study 1, conversations between observers of a pain study were recorded by professional actors. Comments were prepared to be perceived as empathetic, unempathetic, or neutral, and were validated in 40 subjects...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920714/expansible-thermal-gelling-foam-aerosol-for-vaginal-drug-delivery
#3
Liling Mei, Jintian Chen, Siqin Yu, Ying Huang, Yecheng Xie, Hui Wang, Xin Pan, Chuanbin Wu
Vaginal delivery of antimicrobial drugs is the most effective method for the local treatment of the vaginal infections. However, current vaginal drug delivery systems (VDDS), including gel, lotion, aerosol and cream, are suffering from low penetration in the deep vaginal rugae and easy elimination by self-cleaning of vaginal canal. To address these issues, a foam aerosol based on the thermal transformation was designed to improve penetration efficiency and achieve the extended retention. The expansible thermal gelling foam aerosol (ETGFA) consisting of thermal sensitive matrix, silver nanoparticle, adhesive agent and propellant, was optimized by evaluations of precursor viscosity, foam expansion, thermal gelation, gel adhesiveness, antimicrobial effects and tissue irritation...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919826/forehead-galeal-pericranial-flap-for-single-staged-total-upper-eyelid-reconstruction-in-sebaceous-gland-carcinoma-excision
#4
Hui-Hsiu Chang, Edward Suh, Blake H Fortes, Franklin Zheng, Anny Ms Cheng
PURPOSE: To present a successful case of single-staged total upper eyelid reconstruction after sebaceous gland carcinoma excision by using forehead galeal pericranial flap. OBSERVATIONS: An 80-year-old female with a progressively enlarged left upper eyelid mass presented with ocular irritation, blurred vision, and gritty sensation despite topical antibiotics treatment. This multinodular mass involved the left total upper eyelid, compromised corneal surface integrity, and caused complete ptosis...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919392/oral-mucosal-irritation-study-in-hamster-to-evaluate-a-therapeutic-apparatus-using-hydrogen-peroxide-photolysis-for-periodontitis-treatment
#5
Yoshimi Niwano, Kazunori Konno, Takeshi Matayoshi, Keisuke Nakamura, Taro Kanno, Keiichi Sasaki
We conducted an oral mucosal irritation study in hamsters to evaluate a therapeutic apparatus using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) photolysis for periodontitis treatment (ISO 10993-Part 10, Annex B.3). The cheek pouches in 15 male hamsters were allocated to one of six groups. Group 1 received pure water treatment (control group). Group 2 received laser irradiation at 80 mW. Group 3 received 3% H2O2. Groups 4-6 received laser irradiation of 3% H2O2 at 80, 40, and 20 mW, respectively. The total treatment time was set at 7 min and treatment was repeated three times at approximately 1-h intervals...
September 14, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918440/interpersonal-sensitivity-and-persistent-attenuated-psychotic-symptoms-in-adolescence
#6
Alice Masillo, M Brandizzi, L R Valmaggia, R Saba, N Lo Cascio, J F Lindau, L Telesforo, P Venturini, D Montanaro, D Di Pietro, M D'Alema, P Girardi, P Fiori Nastro
Interpersonal sensitivity defines feelings of inner-fragility in the presence of others due to the expectation of criticism or rejection. Interpersonal sensitivity was found to be related to attenuated positive psychotic symptom during the prodromal phase of psychosis. The aims of this study were to examine if high level of interpersonal sensitivity at baseline are associated with the persistence of attenuated positive psychotic symptoms and general psychopathology at 18-month follow-up. A sample of 85 help-seeking individuals (mean age = 16...
September 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918194/cleaning-and-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-approach-for-effective-safety-assessment
#7
Melissa J Vincent, Ann Parker, Andrew Maier
Research indicates a correlative relationship between asthma and use of consumer cleaning products. We conduct a systematic review of epidemiological literature on persons who use or are exposed to cleaning products, both in occupational and domestic settings, and risk of asthma or asthma-like symptoms to improve understanding of the causal relationship between exposure and asthma. A scoring method for assessing study reliability is presented. Although research indicates an association between asthma and the use of cleaning products, no study robustly investigates exposure to cleaning products or ingredients along with asthma risk...
September 13, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918103/rasch-analysis-dimensionality-and-scoring-of-the-neuropsychiatric-inventory-npi-irritability-and-aggression-subscales-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
James F Malec, Timothy E Stump, Patrick O Monahan, Jacob Kean, Dawn Neumann, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To develop, for versions completed by individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and an observer, a more precise metric for the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) Irritability and Aggression scales using all behavioral item ratings for use with individuals with TBI and address the dimensionality of the represented behavioral domains. DESIGN: Rasch and confirmatory factor analyses of retrospective baseline NPI data from three treatment studies. SETTING: Postacute rehabilitation clinic...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918102/the-minimal-clinically-important-difference-for-the-rasch-neuropsychiatric-inventory-irritability-and-aggression-scale-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
James F Malec, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To determine the Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) for a Rasch measure derived from the Irritability/Lability and Agitation/Aggression subscales of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI-TBI-IA). DESIGN: Distribution-based statistical methods were applied to retrospective data to determine candidates for the MCID. These candidates were evaluated by anchoring the NPI-TBI-IA to Global Impression of Change (GIC) ratings by participants, significant others, and a supervising physician...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917061/use-of-lipid-emulsion-therapy-in-local-anesthetic-overdose
#10
Ozgur Karcioglu
The use of intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) therapy as antidote in systemic toxicity of certain agents has gained widespread support. There are increasing data suggesting use of ILE in reversing from local anesthetic-induced systemic toxicity severe, life-threatening cardiotoxicity, although findings are contradictory. Efficiency of ILE was demonstrated in animal studies in the treatment of severe impairment of cardiac functions, via a mechanism for trapping lipophilic drugs in an expanded plasma lipid compartment ("lipid sink")...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916024/contact-stomatitis
#11
Mirtha Cifuentes, Parastoo Davari, Roy S Rogers
Contact stomatitis occurs in up to 10% of the population. Mechanical or chemical irritation, ill-fitting dentures, and dental fillings can induce irritant contact stomatitis. Type I hypersensitivity and type IV hypersensitivity to dental products and foods are frequently responsible for the allergic types of contact stomatitis. We review the causal agents of contact stomatitis, the differential diagnoses, diagnostic testing, and potential treatment.
September 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915953/syntrophic-imbalance-and-the-etiology-of-bacterial-endoparasitism-diseases
#12
James F White
This article outlines the proposed 'syntrophic imbalance hypothesis' for etiology of bacterial endoparasitism diseases. This hypothesis involves microbes (archaea and bacteria) that exist in human body biofilms in syntrophic associations, where bacteria ferment nutrients to produce short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) that are used by methanogenic archaeons to produce methane. Overgrowth of archaea on human tissues (e.g., in association with intestines, teeth or lungs) results in excessive removal of SCFAs from the biofilms and this triggers bacteria in the free-living biofilm state to convert to the endoparasitic state and become intracellular in host cells where they incite inflammation and disease...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915283/clinical-evaluation-of-a-multi-modal-facial-serum-that-addresses-hyaluronic-acid-levels-in-skin
#13
Susana Raab, Margarita Yatskayer, Stephen Lynch, Megan Manco, Christian Oresajo
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid (HA), the major glycosaminoglycan present in the human skin, is a key contributor to water retention and mechanical support in skin. The level, size, and functionality of cutaneous HA are known to diminish with age. Topical treatments designed to increase the HA content of skin have been met with limited success. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tolerance and efficacy of a multi-modal facial serum containing HA, Proxylane (C-Xyloside), purple rice extract, and dipotassium glycyrrhizate in addressing HA levels in skin...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914723/inducing-somatic-symptoms-in-functional-syndrome-patients-effects-of-manipulating-state-negative-affect
#14
Maaike Van Den Houte, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Philippe Persoons, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Induction of negative affective states can enhance bodily symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters among healthy persons, and in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The aim of this study was to replicate this effect in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome and to investigate the role of moderators, focusing on alexithymia, negative affectivity (NA) and absorption. METHODS: Patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (N=81) and healthy controls (HC, N=41) viewed series of neutral, positive and negative affective pictures...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914211/-a-toddler-with-a-vaginal-mass-and-blood-loss-the-rhabdomyosarcoma
#15
N Pleunis, W B Breunis, J H M Merks, A E Bouwma, J W van der Steeg
BACKGROUND: The differential diagnosis of vaginal blood loss in childhood is broad, and includes irritation of the mucous membranes, trauma, tumours, foreign bodies and sexual abuse. Physical and additional examination is often initially difficult; however, prompt detection of a rhabdomyosarcoma, a soft-tissue tumour principally diagnosed in childhood, is vitally important. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 3-year-old girl with a history of vaginal blood loss and an introital mass was referred to the gynaecologist...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914144/impaired-disengagement-of-attention-and-its-relationship-to-emotional-distress-in-infants-at-high-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Susan Bryson, Nancy Garon, Tracey McMullen, Jessica Brian, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Vickie Armstrong, Wendy Roberts, Isabel Smith, Peter Szatmari
INTRODUCTION: We provide data on visual orienting and emotional distress in infants at high and low risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: Participants included 83 high-risk (HR) infants with an older sibling with ASD and 53 low-risk (LR) control infants with no family history of ASD. Infants were assessed on the gap-overlap task and a parent-completed temperament questionnaire at 6 and 12 months of age. At 36 months of age, an independent, gold standard diagnostic assessment for ASD was conducted...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914003/visual-fatigue-induced-by-viewing-a-tablet-computer-with-a-high-resolution-display
#17
Dong Ju Kim, Chi Yeon Lim, Namyi Gu, Choul Yong Park
PURPOSE: In the present study, the visual discomfort induced by smart mobile devices was assessed in normal and healthy adults. METHODS: Fifty-nine volunteers (age, 38.16 ± 10.23 years; male : female = 19 : 40) were exposed to tablet computer screen stimuli (iPad Air, Apple Inc.) for 1 hour. Participants watched a movie or played a computer game on the tablet computer. Visual fatigue and discomfort were assessed using an asthenopia questionnaire, tear film break-up time, and total ocular wavefront aberration before and after viewing smart mobile devices...
July 18, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913320/pediatric-orbital-medial-wall-trapdoor-fracture-with-normal-computed-tomography-findings
#18
Hyun Rok Lee, Gyu Yong Jung, Dong Lark Lee, Hea Kyeong Shin
With advances in diagnostic technology, radiologic diagnostic methods have been used more frequently, and physical examination may be neglected. The authors report a case of pediatric medial orbital trapdoor fracture in which the surgery was delayed because computed tomography (CT) findings did not indicate bone displacement, incarceration of rectus muscle, or soft tissue herniation. A healthy 6-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency room for right eyebrow laceration. We could not check eyeball movement or diplopia, because the patient was irritable...
June 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913288/rare-giant-upper-lip-epidermal-cyst-in-a-patient-wearing-a-denture
#19
Jong Chan Kim, In Pyo Hong
Epidermal cysts are intradermal or subcutaneous cystic tumors that frequently occur in the face, scalp, neck, and body trunk. Acquired cases of epidermal cyst commonly occur as a result of various surgical operations, chronic irritation, or trauma, all of which may trigger the occurrence of the invagination of squamous epithelium. A 57-year-old man presented with a palpable mass 7 cm×2 cm in size in the upper lip. The patient had a 3-year history of wearing a denture to restore missing bilateral maxillary central and lateral incisors, accompanied by inflammatory findings on the buccal mucosa due to chronic lip irritation...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912953/psychological-effects-of-a-disastrous-hydrogen-fluoride-spillage-on-the-local-community
#20
Seung-Hyun Yoo, Seong-Yong Yoon, Kuck-Hyun Woo, Jin-Seok Kim, Seong-Yong Cho, Sung-Soo Lee, Hyun-Sul Lim, Yeon-Soon Ahn, Won-Ho Yang
BACKGROUND: On September 27, 2012, at 3:43 pm, a hydrogen fluoride spill occurred in a manufacturing plant located at the 4th complex of the Gumi National Industrial Complex in Gumi City, South Korea. The present study aimed to evaluate the psychological effects of the hydrogen fluoride spill on the members of the community and to investigate their relationships with physical symptoms and changes in psychological effects occurring as time passed after the accident. METHODS: The 1st phase involved a survey of 1359 individuals that was conducted 1 month after the spill, and the 2nd phase involved a survey of 711 individuals that was conducted 7 months after the accident...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
keyword
keyword
117101
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"