keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Español

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346891/discrete-to-continuum-modeling-of-weakly-interacting-incommensurate-chains
#1
Malena I Español, Dmitry Golovaty, J Patrick Wilber
In this paper we use a formal discrete-to-continuum procedure to derive a continuum variational model for two chains of atoms with slightly incommensurate lattices. The chains represent a cross section of a three-dimensional system consisting of a graphene sheet suspended over a substrate. The continuum model recovers both qualitatively and quantitatively the behavior observed in the corresponding discrete model. The numerical solutions for both models demonstrate the presence of large commensurate regions separated by localized incommensurate domain walls...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327055/comparing-neoadjuvant-nab-paclitaxel-vs-paclitaxel-both-followed-by-anthracycline-regimens-in-women-with-erbb2-her2-negative-breast-cancer-the-evaluating-treatment-with-neoadjuvant-abraxane-etna-trial-a-randomized-phase-3-clinical-trial
#2
Luca Gianni, Mauro Mansutti, Antonio Anton, Lourdes Calvo, Giancarlo Bisagni, Begoña Bermejo, Vladimir Semiglazov, Marc Thill, Jose Ignacio Chacon, Arlene Chan, Serafin Morales, Isabel Alvarez, Arrate Plazaola, Milvia Zambetti, Andrew D Redfern, Christian Dittrich, Rebecca Alexandra Dent, Domenico Magazzù, Raffaella De Fato, Pinuccia Valagussa, Ignacio Tusquets
Importance: Studies of neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens using anthracyclines followed by taxanes have reported a doubling of pathological complete remission (pCR) rates compared with anthracycline-based regimens alone. A reverse sequence did not reduce activity. Nab-paclitaxel is an albumin-bound nanoparticle of paclitaxel that allows for safe infusion without premedication, and its use led to a significantly higher rate of pCR in the GeparSepto trial. Objective: To determine whether nab-paclitaxel improves the outcomes of early and locally advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ERBB2/HER2)-negative breast cancer compared with paclitaxel when delivered in a neoadjuvant setting...
January 11, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318558/cancer-susceptibility-models-in-protease-deficient-mice
#3
Alicia R Folgueras, Sandra Freitas-Rodríguez, Yaiza Español, Gloria Velasco
For decades, proteases have been associated with cancer progression due to the ability of some members of this large group of enzymes to degrade tumor cell surroundings, thereby facilitating cancer invasion and dissemination. However, the generation of mouse models deficient in proteases has revealed the existence of a great variety of functions among proteolytic enzymes in cancer biology, including important tumor-suppressive roles. Therefore, in this chapter, we describe methods to chemically induce different types of cancer (lung adenocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, oral and esophageal carcinoma, colorectal carcinoma, skin cancer, and fibrosarcoma) in genetically modified mouse models to efficiently evaluate the specific pro- or antitumoral function of proteases in cancer...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318555/3d-image-analysis-of-the%C3%A2-microvasculature-in-healthy-and-diseased-tissues
#4
Álvaro Sahún-Español, Cristina Clemente, Alicia G Arroyo
The vasculature ensures optimal delivery of nutrients and oxygen throughout the body. The ability to respond to changing tissue demands requires constant reshaping of the vascular network through modulation of its density, diameter, or patterning. These processes are especially prominent after tissue damage or in tumors. The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family of endopeptidases are key contributors to vascular remodeling, able to cleave all extracellular matrix components and also soluble factors and membrane receptors...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296747/single-umbilical-cord-blood-with-or-without-cd34-cells-from-a-third-party-donor-in-adults-with-leukemia
#5
Jaime Sanz, Mi Kwon, Guiomar Bautista, Miguel A Sanz, Pascual Balsalobre, José Luis Piñana, Carlos Solano, Rafael Duarte, Christelle Ferrá, Ignacio Lorenzo, Carmen Martín, Pere Barba, María Jesús Pascual, Rodrigo Martino, Jorge Gayoso, Ismael Buño, Carmen Regidor, Almudena de la Iglesia, Juan Montoro, José Luis Díez-Martín, Guillermo F Sanz, Rafael Cabrera
We retrospectively compared the clinical outcomes of adults with acute leukemia who received single-unit umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation (sUCBT) (n = 135) or stem cell transplant using coinfusion of a UCB graft with CD34+ cells from a third-party donor (Haplo-Cord) (n = 72) at different institutions within the Grupo Español de Trasplante Hematopoyético. In multivariable analysis, patients in the Haplo-Cord group showed more rapid neutrophil (hazard ratio [HR], 2.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1...
June 27, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295749/safety-and-efficacy-of-various-strains-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-in-the-treatment-of-bladder-tumours-in-standard-clinical-practice
#6
M Unda-Urzaiz, J M Cozar-Olmos, B Miñana-Lopez, J Camarero-Jimenez, X Brugarolas-Rossello, C Zubiaur-Libano, M J Ribal-Caparros, A J Suarez-Charneco, V Rodriguez-Tesedo, V Chantada-Abal, C Ruiz-de-Leon, C Carrillo-George, J Carballido-Rodriguez, F Villacampa-Auba
BACKGROUND: The natural progression of bladder tumours (nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer [NMIBC]) is recurrence with a high rate of progression. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has been shown effective in reducing these rates, but there are few comparative studies between strains. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, prospective and multicentre registry studied 433 patients with a 12-month follow-up visit from 961 registered patients, assessing disease-free survival (DFS), progression-free survival (PFS) cancer-specific survival (CSS) and adverse effects...
December 30, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281325/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260904/ulipristal-acetate-for-the-management-of-acute-heavy-menstrual-bleeding-without-fibroids
#8
Josep Estadella, Pia Español, Fiorella Ascencio, Josep Perelló, Joaquim Calaf
Heavy menstrual bleeding is a common condition among women of childbearing age. Although hysterectomy was the usual approach in acute cases in the past, other minimally invasive therapies or pharmacological alternatives, such as the levonorgestrel intrauterine device have shown to be highly effective. This case report presents the case of a pluripathological patient with acute heavy menstrual bleeding and severe anemia, who was successfully managed with ulipristal acetate, a selective progesterone receptor modulator...
December 20, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249559/surgical-burn-secondary-to-the-use-of-alcoholic-chlorhexidine
#9
Sistema Español de Notificación En Seguridad En Anestesia Y Reanimación Sensar
Surgical wound infection is one of the main sources of postoperative morbidity/mortality. Skin preparation with an antiseptic agent such as chlorhexidine alcohol solution is an effective method to reduce the incidence of surgical wound infections. Nevertheless, the use of alcohol solutions is associated with some risk as they are inflammable products. We report a case of a 51-year-old male who suffered an extensive burn associated with concurrent use of electrocautery and clorhexidine alcohol solution.
December 14, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248052/spanish-clinical-guidelines-on-vascular-access-for-haemodialysis
#10
José Ibeas, Ramon Roca-Tey, Joaquín Vallespín, Teresa Moreno, Guillermo Moñux, Anna Martí-Monrós, José Luis Del Pozo, Enrique Gruss, Manel Ramírez de Arellano, Néstor Fontseré, María Dolores Arenas, José Luis Merino, José García-Revillo, Pilar Caro, Cristina López-Espada, Antonio Giménez-Gaibar, Milagros Fernández-Lucas, Pablo Valdés, Fidel Fernández-Quesada, Natalia de la Fuente, David Hernán, Patricia Arribas, María Dolores Sánchez de la Nieta, María Teresa Martínez, Ángel Barba
Vascular access for haemodialysis is key in renal patients both due to its associated morbidity and mortality and due to its impact on quality of life. The process, from the creation and maintenance of vascular access to the treatment of its complications, represents a challenge when it comes to decision-making, due to the complexity of the existing disease and the diversity of the specialities involved. With a view to finding a common approach, the Spanish Multidisciplinary Group on Vascular Access (GEMAV), which includes experts from the five scientific societies involved (nephrology [S...
November 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247553/prediction-models-for-progression-of-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Yasuhisa Fujii
An accurate prediction of progression is critically important in the management of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. At present, three risk models are widely known for prediction of the risk of tumor recurrence and progression of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer: the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Club Urológico Español de Tratamiento Oncológico, and new European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer models. Bladder neck involvement has been shown to be one of the significant predictors for progression in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, and a new scoring model (Tokyo Medical and Dental University model) consisting of bladder neck involvement, tumor grade, and stage has been developed and externally validated...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242924/teaching-low-income-spanish-speaking-caregivers-to-implement-emt-en-espa%C3%A3-ol-with-their-young-children-with-language-impairment-a-pilot-study
#12
Tatiana Nogueira Peredo, Maria Isabel Zelaya, Ann P Kaiser
Purpose: This study examined the effectiveness of teaching low-income Spanish-speaking caregivers of young children with language impairment a naturalistic language intervention, EMT en Español. Method: A single-case, multiple-baseline, across-behaviors design replicated across 3 caregiver-child dyads was used to examine the effects of teaching core EMT en Español strategies. The training program utilized the Teach-Model-Coach-Review instructional approach to teach strategies to support children's language development in Spanish...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194027/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190906/improved-prognostic-stratification-using-nccn-and-geltamo-international-prognostic-index-in-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#14
Junshik Hong, Seok Jin Kim, Myung Hee Chang, Jeong-A Kim, Jae-Yong Kwak, Jin Seok Kim, Dok Hyun Yoon, Won Sik Lee, Young Rok Do, Hye Jin Kang, Hyeon-Seok Eom, Yong Park, Jong-Ho Won, Yeung-Chul Mun, Hyo Jung Kim, Jung Hye Kwon, Jee Hyun Kong, Sung Yong Oh, Sunah Lee, Sung Hwa Bae, Deok-Hwan Yang, Hyun Jung Jun, Ho Sup Lee, Hwan Jung Yun, Soon Il Lee, Min Kyoung Kim, Jun Ho Yi, Jae Hoon Lee, Won Seog Kim, Cheolwon Suh
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)-International Prognostic Index (IPI) and GELTAMO (Grupo Español de Linfomas/Trasplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea)-IPI were developed to enable better risk prediction of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The present study compared the effectiveness of risk prediction between IPI, NCCN-IPI, and GELTAMO-IPI in patients with DLBCL particularly in terms of determining high-risk patients. Among 439 patients who were enrolled to a prospective DLBCL cohort treated with R-CHOP immunochemotherapy, risk groups were classified according to the three IPIs and the prognostic significance of individual IPI factors and IPI models were analyzed and compared...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190809/molecular-diagnosis-of-patients-with-epilepsy-and-developmental-delay-using-a-customized-panel-of-epilepsy-genes
#15
Laura Ortega-Moreno, Beatriz G Giráldez, Victor Soto-Insuga, Rebeca Losada-Del Pozo, María Rodrigo-Moreno, Cristina Alarcón-Morcillo, Gema Sánchez-Martín, Esther Díaz-Gómez, Rosa Guerrero-López, José M Serratosa
Pediatric epilepsies are a group of disorders with a broad phenotypic spectrum that are associated with great genetic heterogeneity, thus making sequential single-gene testing an impractical basis for diagnostic strategy. The advent of next-generation sequencing has increased the success rate of epilepsy diagnosis, and targeted resequencing using genetic panels is the a most cost-effective choice. We report the results found in a group of 87 patients with epilepsy and developmental delay using targeted next generation sequencing (custom-designed Haloplex panel)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178884/a-new-panel-of-snps-to-assess-thyroid-carcinoma-risk-a-pilot-study-in-a-brazilian-admixture-population
#16
Isabelle C C Dos Santos, Julieta Genre, Diego Marques, Ananília M G da Silva, Jéssica C Dos Santos, Jéssica N G de Araújo, Victor H R Duarte, Angel Carracedo, Maria Torres-Español, Gisele Bastos, Carlos C de Oliveira Ramos, André D Luchessi, Vivian N Silbiger
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer is a common malignant disease of the endocrine system with increasing incidence rates over the last few decades. In this study, we sought to analyze the possible association of 45 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with thyroid cancer in a population from Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. METHODS: Based on histological analysis by a pathologist, 80 normal thyroid specimens of tissue adjacent to thyroid tumors were obtained from the biobank at the Laboratory of Pathology of Liga Norte Riograndense Contra o Câncer, Natal, RN...
November 25, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166055/the-entropy-of-a-complex-molecule
#17
Gérôme Faure, Rafael Delgado-Buscalioni, Pep Español
Entropy is a central concept in the theory of coarse-graining. Through Einstein's formula, it provides the equilibrium probability distribution of the coarse-grained variables used to describe the system of interest. We study with molecular dynamics simulations the equilibrium probability distribution of thermal blobs representing at a coarse-grained level star polymer molecules in melt. Thermal blobs are characterized by the positions and momenta of the centers of mass, and internal energies of the molecules...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157839/lifestyles-guide-and-glaucoma-i-sports-and-activities
#18
J Moreno-Montañés, A Antón-López, S Duch-Tuesta, P Corsino Fernández-Vila, J García-Feijoó, E Millá-Griñó, F J Muñoz-Negrete, L Pablo-Júlvez, I Rodríguez-Agirretxe, J L Urcelay-Segura, F Ussa-Herrera, M P Villegas-Pérez
PURPOSES: The increase in quality and life expectancy, often leads to many patients asking the glaucoma specialist whether some sports, activities or hobbies would affect their illness. The aim of this article is to establish guidelines for patients, based on the scientific evidence of published papers. METHODS: Review of all published articles on glaucoma and sports or other activities. The papers were classified according to the level of scientific evidence based on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine classification...
November 17, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150215/lifestyles-guide-and-glaucoma-ii-diet-supplements-drugs-sleep-pregnancy-and-systemic-hypertension
#19
A Antón-López, J Moreno-Montañés, S Duch-Tuesta, P Corsino Fernández-Vila, J García-Feijoo, E Millá-Griñó, F J Muñoz-Negrete, L Pablo-Júlvez, I Rodríguez-Agirretxe, J L Urcelay-Segura, F Ussa-Herrera, M P Villegas-Pérez
PURPOSE: To establish evidence based guidelines to advise patients on the relationship between habits, diet, certain circumstances, diseases and glaucoma. METHODS: Review of all published articles on glaucoma and sports or other activities. The papers were classified according to the level of scientific evidence based on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine classification. RESULTS: The evidence on the relationship between diet or supplements and the incidence or progression of glaucoma is insufficient to make a general recommendation for glaucoma patients...
November 14, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149307/tumour-tif1-mutations-and-loss-of-heterozygosity-related-to-cancer-associated-myositis
#20
Iago Pinal-Fernandez, Berta Ferrer-Fabregas, Ernesto Trallero-Araguas, Eva Balada, Maria Angeles Martínez, Jose César Milisenda, Gloria Aparicio-Español, Moises Labrador-Horrillo, Vicente Garcia-Patos, Josep M Grau-Junyent, Albert Selva-O'Callaghan
Objectives: To analyse the influence of genetic alterations and differential expression of transcription intermediary factor 1 ( TIF1 ) genes in the pathophysiology of cancer-associated myositis (CAM). Methods: Paired blood and tumour DNA samples from patients with anti-TIF1γ-positive CAM and from controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing for the presence of somatic mutations and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in their TIF1 genes. The genesis and maintenance of the autoimmune process were investigated immunohistochemically by studying TIF1γ expression in the different tissues involved in CAM (skin, muscle and tumour) based on the immunohistochemical H-score...
November 14, 2017: Rheumatology
keyword
keyword
1171
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"