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Wearable recording devices

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768372/technologies-for-participatory-medicine-and-health-promotion-in-the-elderly-population
#1
Laura Nieto-Riveiro, Betania Groba, M Carmen Miranda, Patricia Concheiro, Alejandro Pazos, Thais Pousada, Javier Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The progressive aging of the population is a socio-demographic phenomenon experienced by most countries in the world in recent decades, especially in Japan and in many European Union countries. During this process, so-called "geriatric syndromes" frequently occur. The focus of this study is the quality of life of the elderly in relation to these 3 factors: risk of falls, urinary incontinence, and insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose is to determine the impact of a multifactorial intervention program implemented with institutionalized elderly people...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766170/design-of-a-wearable-device-for-real-time-screening-of-urinary-tract-infection-and-kidney-disease-based-on-smartphone
#2
Jianyu Zhou, Tao Dong
In this study, we developed a novel wearable and low-cost device for qualitative screening of glucose (GLU), leukocytes (LEU), and nitrite (NIT) and for semi-quantitative analysis of blood (BLD) and proteins (PRO) in the urine samples. The device can be attached to a diaper, and the results can be read by an app. The main functions of the device can be divided into sample collection, valve closing, and pad saturation; the recorded times for valve closing and pad saturation at four corners and pad saturation at the central parts are pseudo-medians (Hodges-Lehmann estimator) of 3...
May 16, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764915/remote-physiological-monitoring-in-an-austere-environment-a-future-for-battlefield-care-provision
#3
Matthew J Smyth, J A Round, A J Mellor
Wearable technologies are making considerable advances into the mainstream as they become smaller and more user friendly. The global market for such devices is forecasted to be worth over US$5 billion in 2018, with one in six people owning a device. Many professional sporting teams use self-monitoring to assess physiological parameters and work rate on the pitch, highlighting the potential utility for military command chains. As size of device reduces and sensitivity improves, coupled with remote connectivity technology, integration into the military environment could be relatively seamless...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750580/how-well-does-a-commercially-available-wearable-device-measure-sleep-in-young-athletes
#4
Charli Sargent, Michele Lastella, Georgia Romyn, Nathan Versey, Dean J Miller, Gregory D Roach
The validity of a commercially available wearable device for measuring total sleep time was examined in a sample of well-trained young athletes during night-time sleep periods and daytime naps. Participants wore a FitBit HR Charge on their non-dominant wrist and had electrodes attached to their face and scalp to enable polysomnographic recordings of sleep in the laboratory. The FitBit automatically detected 24/30 night-time sleep periods but only 6/20 daytime naps. Compared with polysomnography, the FitBit overestimated total sleep time by an average of 52 ± 152 min for night-time sleep periods, and by 4 ± 8 min for daytime naps...
May 11, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748915/clinical-benefits-over-time-associated-with-use-of-v-go-wearable-insulin-delivery-device-in-adult-patients-with-diabetes-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
David Sutton, Charissa D Higdon, Carla Nikkel, Karrie A Hilsinger
INTRODUCTION: Advances in insulin delivery have improved outcomes in patients with diabetes. This study evaluated the impact of V-Go® Wearable Insulin Delivery device on glycated hemoglobin (A1C) and insulin total daily dose (TDD) in patients with diabetes not achieving glycemic targets. METHODS: Electronic medical record data was obtained for adult patients with A1C > 7% treated at a multicenter endocrine practice who initiated V-Go between August 2012 and August 2015...
May 10, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748505/textile-based-interdigital-capacitive-soft-strain-sensor-for-wearable-applications
#6
Ozgur Atalay
The electronic textile area has gained considerable attention due to its implementation of wearable devices, and soft sensors are the main components of these systems. In this paper, a new sensor design is presented to create stretchable, capacitance-based strain sensors for human motion tracking. This involves the use of stretchable, conductive-knit fabric within the silicone elastomer matrix, as interdigitated electrodes. While conductive fabric creates a secure conductive network for electrodes, a silicone-based matrix provides encapsulation and dimensional-stability to the structure...
May 10, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736737/a-novel-device-for-continuous-monitoring-of-tremor-and-other-motor-symptoms
#7
Luigi Battista, Antonietta Romaniello
The clinical assessment of Parkinson's disease (PD) symptoms is typically performed with neurological examinations and simple motor tests. However, this only takes into account the severity of motor symptoms during the length of the recording and fails to capture variations in a patient's motor state, which change continuously during the day. Most of the current methods for long-term monitoring of extrapyramidal symptoms are based on the use of a wearable magneto-inertial device that evaluates the frequential content of signals in the range of movement disorders...
May 7, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729611/accuracy-of-wearable-physical-activity-trackers-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Robyn M Lamont, Hannah L Daniel, Caitlyn L Payne, Sandra G Brauer
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of the Fitbit Charge HR™ and Garmin vívosmart® HR in measuring steps and reflecting intensity of activity in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Thirty-three people with mild-moderate PD performed six, two-minute indoor walks at their self-selected walking pace, and at target cadences of 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140 beats/min. A 500 m outdoor walk with terrain challenges was also performed...
April 24, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724227/mobile-gpu-based-implementation-of-automatic-analysis-method-for-long-term-ecg
#9
Xiaomao Fan, Qihang Yao, Ye Li, Runge Chen, Yunpeng Cai
BACKGROUND: Long-term electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the important diagnostic assistant approaches in capturing intermittent cardiac arrhythmias. Combination of miniaturized wearable holters and healthcare platforms enable people to have their cardiac condition monitored at home. The high computational burden created by concurrent processing of numerous holter data poses a serious challenge to the healthcare platform. An alternative solution is to shift the analysis tasks from healthcare platforms to the mobile computing devices...
May 3, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718452/accuracy-of-activity-trackers-in-parkinson-disease-should-we-prescribe-them
#10
Nicholas Wendel, Chelsea E Macpherson, Karoline Webber, Kathryn Hendron, DeAngelis Tamara, Colon-Semenza Cristina, Terry Ellis
Background: Wearable, consumer-grade activity trackers have become widely available as a means of monitoring physical activity in the form of step counts. However, step counts may not be accurate in persons with Parkinson disease (PD) due to atypical gait characteristics. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the accuracy of 4 consumer-grade activity trackers in individuals with PD while ambulating during continuous and discontinuous walking tasks. Design: This study used a cross-sectional design...
April 30, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709718/commonly-available-activity-tracker-apps-and-wearables-as-a-mental-health-outcome-indicator-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-among-young-adults-with-psychological-distress
#11
Alissa Knight, Niranjan Bidargaddi
BACKGROUND: Monitoring is integral to adequately recognise and track mental health indicators of symptoms and functioning. Early identification of warning signs from digital footprints could facilitate adaptive and dynamic just in-time monitoring and care for individuals with common mental disorders. METHODS: Self-report data on mental health and lifestyle behaviour from 120 male and female Australian young adults experiencing psychological distress were collected online...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707164/outcomes-after-asystole-events-occurring-during-wearable-defibrillator-cardioverter-use
#12
Jackson J Liang, Nicole R Bianco, Daniele Muser, Andres Enriquez, Pasquale Santangeli, Benjamin A D'Souza
AIM: To examine whether wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) alarms for asystole improve patient outcomes and survival. METHODS: All asystole episodes recorded by the WCD in 2013 were retrospectively analyzed from a database of device and medical record documentation and customer call reports. Events were classified as asystole episodes if initial presenting arrhythmia was asystole (< 10 beats/minor ≥ 5 s pause). Survival was defined as recovery at the scene or arrival to a medical facility alive, or not requiring immediate medical attention...
April 26, 2018: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701154/technological-solutions-for-older-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-review
#13
Petra Maresova, Signe Tomsone, Petre Lameski, Joana Madureira, Ana Mendes, Eftim Zdravevski, Ivan Chorbev, Vladimir Trajkovik, Moriah Ellen, Kasper Rodile
In the nineties, numerous studies began to highlight the problem of the increasing number of people with Alzheimer's disease in developed countries, especially in the context of demographic progress. At the same time, the 21st century is typical of the development of advanced technologies that penetrate all areas of human life. Digital devices, sensors, and intelligent applications are tools that can help seniors and allow better communication and control of their caregivers. The aim of the paper is to provide an up-to-date summary of the use of technological solutions for improving health and safety for people with Alzheimer's disease...
April 27, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695280/shaping-neuroplasticity-by-using-powered-exoskeletons-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Margherita Russo, Placido Bramanti, Luigi Carioti, Tina Balletta, Antonio Buda, Alfredo Manuli, Serena Filoni, Alessia Bramanti
BACKGROUND: The use of neurorobotic devices may improve gait recovery by entraining specific brain plasticity mechanisms, which may be a key issue for successful rehabilitation using such approach. We assessed whether the wearable exoskeleton, Ekso™, could get higher gait performance than conventional overground gait training (OGT) in patients with hemiparesis due to stroke in a chronic phase, and foster the recovery of specific brain plasticity mechanisms. METHODS: We enrolled forty patients in a prospective, pre-post, randomized clinical study...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690729/-clinical-study-of-a-new-wearable-device-for-rehabilitation-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#15
K Kang, Q Geng, H T Xu, X Z Zheng, J T Dong, T Li, Z G Zhao, S J Gao
Objective: To evaluate the effect of promoting knee joint rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a rehabilitation training instrument NEO-GAIT. Methods: Sixty patients who received TKA from January 2017 to July 2017 in the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University were randomly assigned to receive rehabilitation training with continuous passive motion (CPM) or NEO-GAIT with random number (30 cases in CPM group, included 8 males and 22 females; 30 cases in NEO-GAIT group, included 6 males and 24 females)...
April 17, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686644/technological-approaches-for-neurorehabilitation-from-robotic-devices-to-brain-stimulation-and-beyond
#16
Marianna Semprini, Matteo Laffranchi, Vittorio Sanguineti, Laura Avanzino, Roberto De Icco, Lorenzo De Michieli, Michela Chiappalone
Neurological diseases causing motor/cognitive impairments are among the most common causes of adult-onset disability. More than one billion of people are affected worldwide, and this number is expected to increase in upcoming years, because of the rapidly aging population. The frequent lack of complete recovery makes it desirable to develop novel neurorehabilitative treatments, suited to the patients, and better targeting the specific disability. To date, rehabilitation therapy can be aided by the technological support of robotic-based therapy, non-invasive brain stimulation, and neural interfaces...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666045/general-practitioners-perspective-on-ehealth-and-lifestyle-change-qualitative-interview-study
#17
Carl Joakim Brandt, Gabrielle Isidora Søgaard, Jane Clemensen, Jens Sndergaard, Jesper Bo Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Wearables, fitness apps, and patient home monitoring devices are used increasingly by patients and other individuals with lifestyle challenges. All Danish general practitioners (GPs) use digital health records and electronic health (eHealth) consultations on a daily basis, but how they perceive the increasing demand for lifestyle advice and whether they see eHealth as part of their lifestyle support should be explored further. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore GPs' perspectives on eHealth devices and apps and the use of eHealth in supporting healthy lifestyle behavior for their patients and themselves...
April 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657721/past-present-and-future-of-emergency-general-surgery-in-the-usa
#18
REVIEW
Heather G Lyu, Peter Najjar, Joaquim M Havens
Emergency General Surgery (EGS) patients represent a unique group of acutely ill surgical patients at high risk for death and complications. Since the inception of EGS as a surgical subspecialty in the early 2000s, there have been significant developments to further define the scope of EGS as well as to advance data collection, performance measurement, and quality improvement. This includes defining the EGS cohort by diagnosis and procedure and by overall burden, benchmarking of EGS outcomes, and creation of quality improvement programs aimed at reducing the excess morbidity and mortality associated with EGS...
April 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657588/portable-out-of-hospital-electrocardiography-a-review-of-current-technologies
#19
REVIEW
Agam Bansal, Rajnish Joshi
Background: Availability of portable and home-based electrocardiography (ECG) is an important medical innovation, which has a potential to transform medical care. We performed this review to understand the current state of out-of-hospital portable ECG technologies with respect to their scope, ease of use, data transmission capabilities, and diagnostic accuracy. Methods: We conducted PubMed and Internet searches for "handheld" or "wearable" or "patch" electrocardiography devices to enlist available technologies...
April 2018: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643700/evaluation-of-the-accuracy-of-ecg-captured-by-cardiochip-through-comparison-of-lead-i-recording-to-a-standard-12-lead-ecg-recording-device
#20
Chi-In Lo, Sheng-Shiung Chang, Jui-Peng Tsai, Jen-Yuan Kuo, Ying-Ju Chen, Ming-Yuan Huang, Chao-Hsiung Lee, Kuo-Tzu Sung, Chung-Lieh Hung, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Edward Lai, Hung-I Yeh, Wen-Ling Chang, Wen-Han Chang
Background: Remote cardiac rhythm monitoring and recording, using hand-carried electrocardiogram (ECG) device had been widely used in telemedicine. The feasibility and accuracy analysis on the data recorded by a new miniature ECG system-on-chip (SoC) system has not been explored before. Methods: This study evaluated the accuracy of the ECG recordings captured by CardioChip - a single-channeled, low-powered, miniature ECG SoC designed for mobile applications; comparing against Philips Pagewriter Trim III - a Food and Drug Administration certified, widely-used standard 12-lead ECG recording device, within Mackay Memorial Hospital in Taiwan...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
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