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exercise training in heart failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782479/basic-training-a-pilot-study-of-balance-strengthening-exercises-in-heart-failure
#1
Rita McGuire, Julie Honaker, Bunny Pozehl, Melody Hertzog
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of a multicomponent balance and resistance training intervention on physical function, balance, and falls in older (≥65 years) community-dwelling heart failure (HF) patients. DESIGN: Randomized, two-group repeated-measures experimental design. METHODS: The intervention involved once weekly supervised group sessions with home sessions encouraged twice weekly. Focus groups held pre/post intervention...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782279/-response-predictors-for-physical-training-hfref-patients
#2
V L Galenko, T A Lelyavina, M Y Sitnikova
PURPOSE: To identify different types and possible predictors of physical rehabilitation (PR) response in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) patients, selected on the basis of achievement the lactate threshold during cardiopulmonary exercising test (CPET). METHODS: 64 patients, chronic heart failure (CHF) NYHA II-III functional class were included in our study. Mean age 54±12,5 years, body mass index (BMI) 26,5±6,4 kg/m2, ejection fraction (EF) 26,4±1,4 %, NYHA II: III (67 %: 33 % patients)...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767544/the-aerobic-resistance-inspiratory-muscle-training-hypothesis-in-heart-failure
#3
Ioannis D Laoutaris
Evidence from large multicentre exercise intervention trials in heart failure patients, investigating both moderate continuous aerobic training and high intensity interval training, indicates that the 'crème de la crème' exercise programme for this population remains to be found. The 'aerobic/resistance/inspiratory (ARIS) muscle training hypothesis in heart failure' is introduced, suggesting that combined ARIS muscle training may result in maximal exercise pathophysiological and functional benefits in heart failure patients...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754673/prevalent-digoxin-use-and-subsequent-risk-of-death-or-hospitalization-in-ambulatory-heart-failure-patients-with-a-reduced-ejection-fraction-findings-from-the-heart-failure-a-controlled-trial-investigating-outcomes-of-exercise-training-hf-action-randomized-controlled
#4
Andrew P Ambrosy, Ankeet S Bhatt, Amanda L Stebbins, Lisa M Wruck, Marat Fudim, Stephen J Greene, William E Kraus, Christopher M O'Connor, Ileana L Piña, David J Whellan, Robert J Mentz
BACKGROUND: Despite more than 200 years of clinical experience and a pivotal trial, recently published research has called into question the safety and efficacy of digoxin therapy in heart failure (HF). METHODS: HF-ACTION (ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT00047437) enrolled 2331 outpatients with HF and an EF ≤35% between April 2003 and February 2007 and randomized them to aerobic exercise training versus usual care. Patients were grouped according to prevalent digoxin status at baseline...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754457/cardioprotective-role-of-igf-1-in-the-hypertrophied-myocardium-of-the-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-a-key-effect-on-nhe-1-activity
#5
Alejandra M Yeves, Juan I Burgos, Andrés J Medina, M Celeste Villa-Abrille, Irene L Ennis
AIM: Myocardial Na+ /H+ exchanger-1 (NHE-1) hyperactivity and oxidative stress are interrelated phenomena playing pivotal roles in the development of pathological cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Exercise training is effective to convert pathological into physiological hypertrophy in the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and IGF-1 -key humoral mediator of exercise training- inhibits myocardial NHE-1, at least in normotensive rats. Therefore, we hypothesize that IGF-1 by hampering NHE-1 hyperactivity and oxidative stress should exert a cardioprotective effect in the SHR...
May 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729860/is-ventilatory-therapy-combined-with-exercise-training-effective-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-results-of-a-randomized-trial-during-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-satelit-hf
#6
Marie-Christine Iliou, Sonia Corone, Barnabas Gellen, Thierry Denolle, Frederic Roche, Anaïs Charles Nelson, Christian Darné
BACKGROUND: Sleep-related disordered breathing is common in patients with chronic heart failure. AIM: To assess the efficacy of short-term nocturnal ventilatory therapy combined with exercise training (V+ET) compared with exercise training alone (ET) in patients with chronic heart failure with sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: Patients in New York Heart Association functional class II-IIIb, with an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI)>15/h, and enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, were centrally randomized to V+ET or ET...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728451/exercise-training-in-heart-failure
#7
REVIEW
Mark Abela
Exercise training (ET) in heart failure (HF) has long been established as an important part of HF care. ET is known to improve quality of life and functional capacity in a number of ways. Despite its proposed benefits, evidence supporting its routine inclusion in standard rehabilitation programme is at times conflicting, partly because of the significant heterogeneity present in available randomised controlled trials. There is lack of evidence with regard to the duration of the overall benefit, the optimal exercise regimen and whether certain types of HF aetiologies benefit more than others...
May 4, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707966/the-effect-of-exercise-training-in-symptomatic-patients-with-grown-up-congenital-heart-disease-a-review
#8
Jean-Luc Q Hooglugt, Alexandra C van Dissel, Ilja M Blok, Ferdinand H de Haan, Harald T Jørstad, Berto J Bouma, Barbara J M Mulder, Michiel M Winter
The number of grown-up congenital heart disease (GUCH) patients is steadily increasing. Unfortunately, the majority of these patients suffer from late sequelae, with heart failure being the most common cause of death. Exercise training is beneficial and safe in patients with acquired heart failure, as well as in asymptomatic GUCH patients. However, its effect remains unknown in symptomatic GUCH patients. This could cause reticence on positive sports advice, with possible counterproductive effects. Areas covered: A review of current literature was performed to evaluate the effect of exercise training in symptomatic (NYHA≥2) GUCH patients...
May 4, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698639/chronic-heart-failure-and-exercise-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Katie Palmer, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Michelle Paton, Megan Jepsen, Rebecca Lane
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify the effect of specific exercise parameters on function and quality of life in people with Chronic Heart Failure, living in the community. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases were searched for relevant studies published after 1994. STUDY SELECTION: Two independent researchers completed the screening process, with a third independent reviewer for conflict resolution. Studies were selected if they included only Chronic Heart Failure participants, and the sole intervention was a structured exercise training program in an outpatient or community setting...
April 23, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657038/effect-of-exercise-training-on-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#10
EDITORIAL
Jong-Shyan Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623546/exercise-rehabilitation-in-ventricular-assist-device-recipients-a-meta-analysis-of-effects-on-physiological-and-clinical-outcomes
#11
REVIEW
Liza Grosman-Rimon, Spencer D Lalonde, Nina Sieh, Maureen Pakosh, Vivek Rao, Paul Oh, Sherry L Grace
Exercise rehabilitation in heart failure patients has been shown to improve quality of life (QoL) and survival. It is also recommended in clinical practice guidelines for ventricular assist device (VAD) recipients. However, there have only been two meta-analyses on the effects of exercise rehabilitation in VAD patients, on only two outcomes. The objective of the review was to quantitatively evaluate the effect of exercise rehabilitation in VAD recipients on functional capacity, exercise physiology parameters, chronotropic responses, inflammatory biomarkers and neurohormones, heart structure and function, and clinical outcomes...
April 6, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619838/relationship-between-exercise-intervention-and-no-pathway-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#12
Flavia Baldassarri, Edzard Schwedhelm, Dorothee Atzler, Rainer H Böger, Kathrin Cordts, Bernhard Haller, Axel Pressler, Stephan Müller, Christiane Suchy, Rolf Wachter, Hans-Dirk Düngen, Gerd Hasenfuss, Burkert Pieske, Martin Halle, Frank Edelmann, André Duvinage
OBJECTIVE: Elevated levels of arginine derivatives in the NO pathway, such as asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), are related to disease severity and reduced exercise capacity in heart failure. We investigated the influence of exercise intervention on these parameters and on L-arginine (L-Arg) and L-homoarginine (L-hArg) in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients (65 ± 6 years) were included in this analysis and randomised to supervised endurance/resistance training (ET) or to usual care (UC)...
April 5, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600086/exercise-training-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#13
REVIEW
Laura Adelaide Dalla Vecchia, Maurizio Bussotti
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by a continuous increase in pre-capillary pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) with a progressive reduction of cardiac output (CO). Similar to what occurs in left heart failure (HF), this represents the initial phase of a syndrome characterized by the progressive development of dyspnea and fatigue with increasing deterioration of exercise tolerance. Although the therapies introduced in the last two decades have determined a significant improvement of the clinical conditions of PAH patients, they have a little impact on exercise capacity and prognosis...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599993/a-mixed-methods-study-of-tai-chi-exercise-for-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-aged-70-years-and-older
#14
Lena Hägglund, Kurt Boman, Margareta Brännström
Aims and objectives: This study aimed to evaluate Tai Chi group training among patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) aged 70 years and older. Background: Physical activity is recommended for CHF treatment. Tai Chi is found to be beneficial to different patient groups, although few studies focus on older patients with CHF. Design: A mixed methods study. Participants were randomly assigned to Tai Chi training twice a week for 16 weeks ( N  =   25) or control ( N  =   20)...
April 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596016/chronic-interval-exercise-training-prevents-bk-ca-channel-mediated-coronary-vascular-dysfunction-in-aortic-banded-mini-swine
#15
T Dylan Olver, Jenna C Edwards, Brian S Ferguson, Jessica A Hiemstra, Pamela K Thorne, Michael A Hill, Maurice Harold Laughlin, Craig A Emter
Conventional treatments have failed to improve the prognosis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) patients. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of chronic interval exercise training (IT) on BKCa channel-mediated coronary vascular function in heart failure. We hypothesized chronic interval exercise training would attenuate pressure overload-induced impairments to coronary BKCa channel-mediated function. A translational large animal model with cardiac features of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction was used to test this hypothesis...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575708/the-impact-of-aerobic-exercise-training-with-vascular-occlusion-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#16
Yasushi Tanaka, Yudai Takarada
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of aerobic exercise training with vascular occlusion in patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty patients with post-infarction heart failure were randomized to an interventional exercise group (IG; n = 15) or a control exercise group (CG; n = 15). Exercise was performed at an intensity of 40-70% of the peak VO2 /W for 6 months. Patients in the IG remained seated on the saddle of the cycle ergometer with their feet on the pedals...
March 25, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572084/high-intensity-interval-training-versus-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-on-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Mansueto Gomes Neto, André Rodrigues Durães, Lino Sergio Rocha Conceição, Micheli Bernardone Saquetto, Øyvind Ellingsen, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). BACKGROUND: Despite the well-known positive effects of exercise in heart failure patients, the best mode of exercise is still under discussion. METHODS: We searched Pubmed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PEDro data base, and SciELO (from the earliest date available to October 2017) for randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of HIIT versus MICT in HFrEF patients...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557494/-chronic-heart-failure-and-depression
#18
REVIEW
C Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: Depression is a frequent comorbidity in chronic heart failure. It can be triggered by the experience of suffering from heart disease, but it can also play a causal role in accelerated development and poor prognosis of heart failure. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the interrelationships between heart failure and depression and the psychophysiological and behavioral mechanisms involved in this association. The effects of comorbid depression on quality of life in patients with heart failure were also examined and therapeutic options reviewed...
May 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551699/inspiratory-muscle-training-and-functional-electrical-stimulation-for-treatment-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-the-training-hf-trial
#19
Patricia Palau, Eloy Domínguez, Laura López, José María Ramón, Raquel Heredia, Jessika González, Enrique Santas, Vicent Bodí, Gema Miñana, Ernesto Valero, Anna Mollar, Vicente Bertomeu González, Francisco J Chorro, Juan Sanchis, Josep Lupón, Antoni Bayés-Genís, Julio Núñez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), there is currently no evidence-based effective therapy for this disease. This study sought to evaluate whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT), functional electrical stimulation (FES), or a combination of both (IMT + FES) improves 12- and 24-week exercise capacity as well as left ventricular diastolic function, biomarker profile, and quality of life in HFpEF. METHODS: A total of 61 stable symptomatic patients (New York Heart Association II-III) with HFpEF were randomized (1:1:1:1) to receive a 12-week program of IMT, FES, or IMT + FES vs usual care...
March 16, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538506/safety-and-efficacy-of-aerobic-exercise-training-associated-to-non-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#20
Mayron F Oliveira, Rita C Santos, Suellen A Artz, Vanessa M F Mendez, Denise M L Lobo, Edileide B Correia, Almir S Ferraz, Iracema I K Umeda, Priscila A Sperandio
BACKGROUND: Exercise training (ET) improves functional capacity in chronic heart failure (HF). However, ET effects in acute HF are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ET alone or combined with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) compared with standard medical treatment during hospitalization in acute HF patients. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (systolic HF) were randomized into three groups: control (Control - only standard medical treatment); ET with placebo NIV (ET+Sham) and ET+NIV (NIV with 14 and 8 cmH2O of inspiratory and expiratory pressure, respectively)...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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