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exercise training in heart failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793058/inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-heart-failure-effects-of-exercise-intensity-and-duration
#1
G A Ribeiro-Samora, L A Rabelo, A C C Ferreira, M Favero, G S Guedes, L S M Pereira, V F Parreira, R R Britto
Although acute exercise is apparently pro-inflammatory and increases oxidative stress, it can promote the necessary stress stimulus to train chronic adaptations in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study aimed to compare the effects of exercise intensity and duration on the inflammatory markers soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor (sTNFR1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and on oxidative stress [malondialdehyde (MDA) and antioxidant enzymes: catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)] in individuals with CHF...
August 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782380/interval-training-early-after-heart-failure-decompensation-is-safe-and-improves-exercise-tolerance-and-quality-of-life-in-selected-patients
#2
Artem Doletsky, Denis Andreev, Ilya Giverts, Alexey Svet, Anna Brand, Maria Kuklina, Vsevolod Sedov, Oxana Dikur, Abram Syrkin, Hugo Saner
Aims To evaluate safety and efficacy of moderate intensity interval exercise training early after heart failure decompensation on exercise tolerance and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods and results This is a prospective randomized controlled study. We screened 234 consecutive patients admitted with decompensated heart failure; 46 patients (42 men/4 women; 61 ± 12 years of age) were randomized to a moderate intensity aerobic interval training ( n = 24) or to a control group ( n = 22)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772048/the-effect-of-exercise-training-on-biventricular-myocardial-strain-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#3
Siddhartha S Angadi, Catherine L Jarrett, Moustafa Sherif, Glenn A Gaesser, Farouk Mookadam
AIMS: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves peak oxygen uptake and left ventricular diastology in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, its effects on myocardial strain in HFpEF remain unknown. We explored the effects of HIIT and moderate-intensity aerobic continuous training (MI-ACT) on left and right ventricular strain parameters in patients with HFpEF. Furthermore, we explored their relationship with peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak )...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767502/is-swimming-safe-in-heart-failure-a-systematic-review
#4
Parin Shah, Pierpaolo Pellicori, Alexandra Macnamara, Alessia Urbinati, Andrew L Clark
It is not clear whether swimming is safe in patients with chronic heart failure. Ten studies examining the hemodynamic effects of acute water immersion (WI) (155 patients; average age 60 years; 86% male; mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 29%) and 6 randomized controlled trials of rehabilitation comparing swimming with either medical treatment only (n=3) or cycling (n=1) or aerobic exercise (n=2), (136 patients, average age 59 years; 84% male, mean LVEF 31%) were considered. In 7 studies of warm WI (30 -35 ºC): heart rate (HR) fell (2-15%), and both cardiac output (CO) (7-37%) and stroke volume (SV) increased (13-41%)...
June 22, 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757291/protein-aggregation-cardiovascular-diseases-and-exercise-training-where-do-we-stand
#5
Marisol Gouveia, Ke Xia, Wilfredo Colón, Sandra I Vieira, Fernando Ribeiro
Cells ensure their protein quality control through the proteostasis network. Aging and age-related diseases, such as neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases, have been associated to the reduction of proteostasis network efficiency and, consequently, to the accumulation of protein misfolded aggregates. The decline in protein homeostasis has been associated with the development and progression of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, cardiac hypertrophy, cardiomyopathies, and heart failure. Exercise training is a key component of the management of patients with cardiovascular disease, consistently improving quality of life and prognosis...
July 28, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733092/exercise-training-to-reduce-sympathetic-nerve-activity-in-heart-failure-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
María Javiera Saavedra, Fernando Romero, Jorge Roa, Iván Rodríguez-Núñez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of exercise training on sympathetic nerve activity in heart failure patients. METHODS: A systematic review was performed. An electronic search of MEDLINE, ProQuest, SciELO, SPORTDiscus, Rehabilitation and Sport Medicine Source, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Tripdatabase, Science Direct and PEDrO was performed from their inception to February 2017. Clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies were considered for primary article selection...
July 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720592/exercise-training-improves-but-does-not-normalize-left-ventricular-systolic-and-diastolic-function-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#7
Silmara Gusso, Teresa Pinto, James C Baldi, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Tim Hornung, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of 20 weeks of exercise training in aerobic capacity on left ventricular function and glycemic control in adolescents with and without type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty-three adolescents with type 1 diabetes (aged 15.6 years) were divided into two groups: exercise training (n = 38) and nontraining (n = 15). Twenty-two healthy adolescents without diabetes (aged 16.7 years) were included and, with the 38 participants with type 1 diabetes, participated in a 20-week exercise-training intervention...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706575/targeting-endothelial-function-to-treat-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-the-promise-of-exercise-training
#8
REVIEW
Andreas B Gevaert, Katrien Lemmens, Christiaan J Vrints, Emeline M Van Craenenbroeck
Although the burden of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is increasing, there is no therapy available that improves prognosis. Clinical trials using beta blockers and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, cardiac-targeting drugs that reduce mortality in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), have had disappointing results in HFpEF patients. A new "whole-systems" approach has been proposed for designing future HFpEF therapies, moving focus from the cardiomyocyte to the endothelium...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700063/reassessment-of-quality-of-life-domains-in-patients-with-compensated-chagas-heart-failure-after-participating-in-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#9
Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Fernanda de Souza Nogueira Sardinha Mendes, Vivian Liane Mattos Pinto, Paula Simplício da Silva, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Andrea Silvestre de Sousa
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the effects of a cardiac rehabilitation program on quality of life. METHODS: This secondary analysis of a single-arm study included 12 patients with Chagas heart failure. The cardiac rehabilitation program comprised exercise training and nutritional and pharmaceutical counseling. Quality of life was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. RESULTS: The program promoted improved physical functioning (β= +5.7; p=0...
May 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695558/rehabilitation-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#10
Stephan Keusch, Alexander Turk, Stéphanie Saxer, Nicola Ehlken, Ekkehard Grunig, Silvia Ulrich, On Behalf Of The Swiss Society Of Pulmonary Hypertension
Exertional dyspnoea is a leading symptom in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Patients suffering from PAH report poor quality of life, have skeletal muscle dysfunction and in the absence of advanced medical therapy deteriorate progressively due to right heart failure which can lead to death. For decades, patients with PAH were advised to avoid exercise in fear of exacerbated right heart failure. Recently, it has been shown that a highly supervised rehabilitation programme in expert centres leads to significant improvements in symptoms, quality of life, exercise capacity and may even enhance haemodynamics in selected stable patients treated with advanced regimens of PAH-targeted drugs...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695463/effects-of-exercise-training-on-anabolic-and-catabolic-markers-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Chien-Tzu Lee, Ling-Wei Chen, Meng-Yueh Chien
Decreased anabolism because of alterations in the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)/growth hormone (GH) axis and increased catabolism induced by proinflammatory cytokines like tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) have been reported to contribute to muscle wasting in chronic heart failure (CHF). However, it is unclear whether exercise training could modulate anabolic and catabolic markers in CHF patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise intervention on anabolic and catabolic markers for patients with CHF...
July 11, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684221/exercise-training-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-heart-failure
#12
REVIEW
Nitin Kondamudi, Mark Haykowsky, Daniel E Forman, Jarett D Berry, Ambarish Pandey
Heart failure (HF) results in high healthcare costs and burdens for the United States in respects to hospitalizations, therapies, and associated disability. The relative proportion of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) compared with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is on the rise; HFpEF has already become the dominant form of HF and it continues to increase. The serious implications of these trends are compounded by a dearth of effective HFpEF therapies. While low physical activity, low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and obesity, are risk factors for HF in general, they particularly predispose to HFpEF...
June 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671938/cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-rates-and-outcomes-for-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
Jason L Rengo, Patrick D Savage, Trace Barrett, Philip A Ades
PURPOSE: Exercise training has been shown to reduce combined cardiovascular mortality and hospitalizations in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Whereas there are extensive data on exercise training for individuals with HFrEF in a research setting, the experience of delivering cardiac rehabilitation (CR) services in the clinical setting has not been well described. With little knowledge regarding the number of qualifying patients with HFrEF in the United States, we described our 18-month experience recruiting hospitalized inpatients and stable outpatients into phase 2 CR...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656776/is-it-beneficial-to-add-electromyostimulation-to-conventional-exercise-training-in-heart-failure
#14
Volker Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647809/left-ventricles-of-aging-athletes-better-untwisters-but-not-more-relaxed-during-exercise
#15
Claire Maufrais, G Doucende, T Rupp, M Dauzat, P Obert, S Nottin, I Schuster
OBJECTIVE: With an aging population and the increasing prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, developing strategies to prevent diastolic dysfunction is crucial. Regular endurance training has been suggested to be one such strategy. However, the underlying mechanisms of training, including the effect on left ventricular (LV) untwist, which promotes LV filling, are unclear and studies exploring the heart during exercise in the aging heart are lacking. METHODS: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing with speckle tracking echocardiography was realized in male subjects: 16 young athletes (YA), 19 young controls (YC), 22 middle-aged athletes (MA) with a lifelong history of endurance training, and 20 middle-aged controls (MC)...
June 24, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640772/the-effect-of-a-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-upper-body-muscular-strength-and-endurance
#16
James E Dunkin, Shaun M Phillips
Dunkin, JE and Phillips, SM. The effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1948-1953, 2017-Carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinsing rapidly increases corticomotor output and maximal muscle force production, which could enhance muscular strength and endurance during resistance exercise. However, previous research has found no effect of CHO rinsing on muscular strength or endurance. The current study altered the CHO rinse composition and frequency and the muscular endurance test to further investigate the effects of a CHO mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635190/characteristics-of-structured-physical-training-currently-provided-in-cardiac-patients-insights-from-the-exercise-training-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-etcr-italian-survey
#17
Marco Ambrosetti, Patrick Doherty, Pompilio Faggiano, Ugo Corrà, Carlo Vigorito, Dominique Hansen, Patrizio Sarto, Ana Abreu, Roberto F E Pedretti
BACKGROUND:   Uncertainty exists about current delivery levels of exercise training (ET) during Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) programmes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate ET modalities in the real world of CR facilities in Italy. METHODS: This was an observational survey of aggregate data, collected from CR facilities on a voluntary basis. Snapshots of a single working day at a local site were made, in terms of characteristics of patients and ET programmes delivered...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633534/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-improves-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-on-continuous-intravenous-inotropic-support-use-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Patrícia Forestieri, Douglas W Bolzan, Vinícius B Santos, Rita Simone Lopes Moreira, Dirceu Rodrigues de Almeida, Renata Trimer, Flávio de Souza Brito, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Antonio Carlos de Camargo Carvalho, Ross Arena, Walter J Gomes, Solange Guizilini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a short-term neuromuscular electrical stimulation program on exercise tolerance in hospitalized patients with advanced heart failure who have suffered an acute decompensation and are under continuous intravenous inotropic support. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SUBJECTS: Initially, 195 patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure were recruited, but 70 were randomized. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized into two groups: control group subject to the usual care ( n = 35); neuromuscular electrical stimulation group ( n = 35) received daily training sessions to both lower extremities for around two weeks...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622359/aerobic-exercise-protects-against-pressure-overload-induced-cardiac-dysfunction-and-hypertrophy-via-%C3%AE-3-ar-nnos-no-activation
#19
Bin Wang, Ming Xu, Wenju Li, Xiaoli Li, Qiangsun Zheng, Xiaolin Niu
Aerobic exercise confers sustainable protection against cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure (HF). Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and nitric oxide (NO) are known to play an important role in exercise-mediated cardioprotection, but the mechanism of NOS/NO stimulation during exercise remains unclear. The aim of this study is to determine the role of β3-adrenergic receptors (β3-ARs), NOS activation, and NO metabolites (nitrite and nitrosothiols) in the sustained cardioprotective effects of aerobic exercise. An HF model was constructed by transverse aortic constriction (TAC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620053/exercise-training-improve-cardiac-autonomic-control-cardiac-function-and-arrhythmogenesis-in-rats-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-heart-failure
#20
David C Andrade, Alexis Arce-Alvarez, Camilo Toledo, Hugo S Diaz, Claudia Lucero, Harold D Schultz, Noah J Marcus, Rodrigo Del Rio
Chronic heart failure is characterized by autonomic imbalance, cardiac dysfunction and arrhythmogenesis. It has been shown that exercise training (ExT) improves central nervous system oxidative stress, autonomic control and cardiac function in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), however to date no comprehensive studies have addressed the effects of ExT, if any, on oxidative stress in brainstem cardiovascular areas, cardiac autonomic balance, arrhythmogenesis and cardiac function in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
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