keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

exercise training in heart failure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346572/effectiveness-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
H Harada, H Kai, H Niiyama, Y Nishiyama, A Katoh, N Yoshida, Y Fukumoto, H Ikeda
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, with the risk of frailty and poor quality of life. This study aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics of sarcopenia and to investigate the effects of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR), including nutrition, physical exercise and medication, in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 322 inpatients with CVD (age 72±12 years)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344738/adherence-to-exercise-prescription-and-improvements-in-the-clinical-and-vascular-health-of-african-americans
#2
Dianne M Babbitt, Amanda M Perkins, Keith M Diaz, Deborah L Feairheller, Kathleen M Sturgeon, Praveen Veerabhadrappa, Sheara T Williamson, Jan Kretzschmar, Chenyi Ling, Hojun Lee, Heather Grim, Michael D Brown
Improvements in indices of vascular health and endothelial function have been inversely associated with hypertension, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (e.g., myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure), renal failure, and mortality. Aerobic exercise training (AEXT) has been positively associated with improvements in clinical health values, as well as vascular health biomarkers, and endothelial function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether measures of exercise adherence were related to clinical outcome measures and indices of vascular health subsequent to a 6-month AEXT intervention in a middle-to-older aged African American cohort...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338229/response-to-endurance-exercise-training-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-or-reduced-ejection-fraction
#3
Ambarish Pandey, Dalane W Kitzman, Peter Brubaker, Mark J Haykowsky, Timothy Morgan, J Thomas Becton, Jarett D Berry
OBJECTIVES: To systematically examine the relative magnitude and predictors of responses to exercise training in older adult with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), and preserved EF (HFpEF). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with HF (24 HFrEF, 24 HFpEF) who underwent supervised exercise training...
March 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285121/a-novel-rehabilitation-intervention-for%C3%A2-older-patients-with-acute-decompensated%C3%A2-heart-failure-the-rehab-hf-pilot-study
#4
Gordon R Reeves, David J Whellan, Christopher M O'Connor, Pamela Duncan, Joel D Eggebeen, Timothy M Morgan, Leigh Ann Hewston, Amy Pastva, Mahesh J Patel, Dalane W Kitzman
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess a novel physical rehabilitation intervention in older patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). BACKGROUND: After ADHF, older patients, who are frequently frail with multiple comorbidities, have prolonged and incomplete recovery of physical function and remain at high risk for poor outcomes. METHODS: The REHAB-HF (Rehabilitation Therapy in Older Acute Heart Failure Patients) pilot study was a 3-site, randomized, attention-controlled pilot study of a tailored, progressive, multidomain physical rehabilitation intervention beginning in the hospital and continuing for 12 weeks post-discharge in patients ≥60 years hospitalized with ADHF...
March 5, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283496/physical-activity-guided-by-pulse-pressure-in-patients-with-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-devices-a-pilot-study
#5
Sven Haufe, Christoph Bara, Julian Eigendorf, Kristine Chobanyan-Jürgens, Sebastian V Rojas, Jan D Schmitto, Uwe Tegtbur, Jens Jordan, Jens Tank
Continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (cfLVADs) are increasingly used as bridge to cardiac transplantation or destination therapy in patients with end-stage heart failure.(1) Patients implanted with cfLVADs exhibit marked arterial pulse pressure (PP) reductions which could adversely affect cardiovascular health. Indeed, a pulsatile blood pressure provides stimuli for vascular smooth muscle cell growth and arterial baroreceptor functions.(2, 3) LVAD designs attempting to simulate PP have been developed recently with the hope to improve clinical outcomes...
March 10, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270895/significance-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-visit-to-visit-variability-of-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-12-month-follow-up
#6
Toshihisa Ishida, Shin-Ichiro Miura, Kanta Fujimi, Makito Futami, Yoko Ueda, Takashi Ueda, Tadaaki Arimura, Rie Koyoshi, Yuhei Shiga, Ken Kitajima, Keijiro Saku
BACKGROUND: Visit-to-visit variability (VVV) in blood pressure (BP) has been shown to be a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the long-term effect of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CR) with exercise training on VVV in BP has not yet been established. Therefore, we evaluated the long-term effects of CR on VVV in BP in patients with CVD. METHODS: Twenty-two CVD patients in a 12-month CR program who had at least six clinic visits per month to measure BP were enrolled...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267466/rehabilitation-therapy-in-older-acute-heart-failure-patients-rehab-hf-trial-design-and-rationale
#7
Gordon R Reeves, David J Whellan, Pamela Duncan, Christopher M O'Connor, Amy M Pastva, Joel D Eggebeen, Leigh Ann Hewston, Timothy M Morgan, Shelby D Reed, W Jack Rejeski, Robert J Mentz, Paul B Rosenberg, Dalane W Kitzman
BACKGROUND: Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a leading cause of hospitalization in older persons in the United States. Reduced physical function and frailty are major determinants of adverse outcomes in older patients with hospitalized ADHF. However, these are not addressed by current heart failure (HF) management strategies and there has been little study of exercise training in older, frail HF patients with recent ADHF. HYPOTHESIS: Targeting physical frailty with a multi-domain structured physical rehabilitation intervention will improve physical function and reduce adverse outcomes among older patients experiencing a HF hospitalization...
March 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259552/the-patient-education-learning-and-coping-strategies-improves-adherence-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-lc-rehab-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Vibeke Lynggaard, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Rod S Taylor, Ole May
BACKGROUND: Despite proven benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), adherence to CR remains suboptimal. This trial aimed to assess the impact of the patient education 'Learning and Coping Strategies' (LC) on patient adherence to an eight-week CR program. METHODS: 825 patients with ischaemic heart disease or heart failure were open label randomised to either the LC arm (LC plus CR) or the control arm (CR alone) across three hospital units in Denmark. Both arms received same amount of training and education hours...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255812/is-there-any-benefit-using-low-intensity-inspiratory-and-peripheral-muscle-training-in-heart-failure-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Tatiana Satie Kawauchi, Iracema Ioco Kikuchi Umeda, Lays Magalhães Braga, Antonio de Pádua Mansur, João Manoel Rossi-Neto, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego Sousa, Mário Hiroyuki Hirata, Lawrence P Cahalin, Naomi Kondo Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: Inspiratory and peripheral muscle training improves muscle strength, exercise tolerance, and quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). However, studies investigating different workloads for these exercise modalities are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of low and moderate intensities on muscle strength, functional capacity, and quality of life. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with stable HF (aged >18 years, NYHA II/III, LVEF <40%) were randomized to: non-exercise control group (n = 9), low-intensity training group (LIPRT, n = 13, 15% maximal inspiratory workload, and 0...
March 2, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229273/effect-of-exercise-on-diastolic-function-in-heart-failure-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
M J Pearson, S F Mungovan, N A Smart
Diastolic dysfunction contributes to the development and progression of heart failure. Conventional echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging are widely utilised in clinical research providing a number of indices of diastolic function valuable in the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure patients. The aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the effect of exercise training on diastolic function in patients with heart failure. Exercise training studies that investigate different indices of diastolic function in patients with heart failure have reported that exercise training improves diastolic function in these patients...
February 23, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225475/stretching-exercises-improve-vascular-endothelial-dysfunction-through-attenuation-of-oxidative-stress-in-chronic-heart-failure-patients-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#11
Michitaka Kato, Takashi Masuda, Michio Ogano, Kazuki Hotta, Hisato Takagi, Shinya Tanaka, Yumi Kamada, Ayako Akiyama, Daisuke Kamekawa, Ryosuke Shimizu, Minoru Tabata, Jun Tanabe, Takuya Umemoto
PURPOSE: Endurance training improves oxidative stress and vascular endothelial dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, patients with CHF and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator (CRT-D) often avoid endurance training for fear of ICD shock. Recent studies have reported that stretching exercises enhance antioxidant activity and improve vascular responses. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effects of 4 weeks of stretching exercises on oxidative stress and vascular endothelial function in patients with CHF with an ICD or CRT-D...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217313/ghrelin-and-hormonal-markers-under-exercise-training-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-results-from-the-ex-dhf-pilot-study
#12
Tobias Daniel Trippel, Volker Holzendorf, Martin Halle, Götz Gelbrich, Kathleen Nolte, Andre Duvinage, Silja Schwarz, Tinka Rutscher, Julian Wiora, Rolf Wachter, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Hans-Dirk Duengen, Gerd Hasenfuß, Burkert Pieske, Frank Edelmann
BACKGROUND: Over 50% of patients with symptomatic heart failure (HF) experience HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Exercise training (ET) is effective in improving cardiorespiratory fitness and dimensions of quality of life in patients with HFpEF. A systemic pro-inflammatory state induced by comorbidities as the cause of myocardial structural and functional alterations has been proposed in HFpEF. ET modifies myocardial structure and has been related to inflammatory state. We investigated Ghrelin, related adipokines, markers of inflammation, and neuro-hormonal activation in patients undergoing a structured ET vs...
February 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134562/inflammatory-biomarkers-and-effect-of-exercise-on-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-heart-failure-insights-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Miguel M Fernandes-Silva, Guilherme V Guimarães, Vagner Oc Rigaud, Marco S Lofrano-Alves, Rafael E Castro, Lais G de Barros Cruz, Edimar A Bocchi, Fernando Bacal
Background In patients with heart failure, inflammation has been associated with worse functional capacity, but it is uncertain whether it could affect their response to exercise training. We evaluated whether inflammatory biomarkers are related to differential effect of exercise on the peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2) among patients with heart failure. Design Open, parallel group, randomized controlled trial. Methods Patients with heart failure and ejection fraction ≤0.4 were randomized into exercise training or control for 12 weeks...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133530/endurance-training-induces-fiber-type-specific-revascularization-in-hindlimb-skeletal-muscles-of-rats-with-chronic-heart-failure
#14
Kamal Ranjbar, Malihe Ardakanizade, Farzad Nazem
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies showed that skeletal muscle microcirculation was reduced in chronic heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of endurance training on capillary and arteriolar density of fast and slow twitch muscles in rats with chronic heart failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four weeks after surgeries (left anterior descending (LAD) artery occlusion), chronic heart failure rats were divided into 3 groups: Sham (Sham, n=10); Sedentary (Sed, n=10); Exercise training (Ex, n=10)...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132741/respiratory-muscle-training-improves-chemoreflex-response-heart-rate-variability-and-respiratory-mechanics-in-rats-with-heart-failure
#15
Rodrigo B Jaenisch, Edson Quagliotto, Chalyne Chechi, Leonardo Calegari, Fernando Dos Santos, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Pedro Dal Lago
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present report was to evaluate respiratory muscle training (RMT) effects on hemodynamic function, chemoreflex response, heart rate variability, and respiratory mechanics in rats with heart failure (HF rats). METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: sedentary-sham (Sed-Sham, n = 8), respiratory muscle trained-sham (RMT-Sham, n = 8), sedentary-HF (Sed-HF, n = 8) and respiratory muscle trained-HF (RMT-HF, n = 8). Animals were submitted to an RMT protocol performed 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week for 6 weeks, whereas the sedentary animals did not exercise...
November 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131566/functional-outcome-in-chronic-heart-failure-after-exercise-training-possible-predictive-value-of-heart-rate-variability
#16
Roberto Ricca-Mallada, Edurado R Migliaro, Gabriela Silvera, Lilian Chiappella, Rossana Frattini, Federico Ferrando-Castagnetto
BACKGROUND: Controlled exercise training (ET) is a valuable therapeutic addition to pharmacological treatment in most patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), reducing long-term mortality, preventing cardiac remodelling and improving functional capacity. Despite the fact that the mechanism underlying its benefits might be multifactorial, a sustained improvement in autonomic balance is usually attributed as a major effect. Nevertheless, not all eligible subjects show the same response to ET, probably due to several differences in the subpopulations enrolled...
January 25, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128646/effects-of-yoga-versus-hydrotherapy-training-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-exercise-capacity-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Ewa Hägglund, Inger Hagerman, Kerstin Dencker, Anna Strömberg
AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine whether yoga and hydrotherapy training had an equal effect on the health-related quality of life in patients with heart failure and to compare the effects on exercise capacity, clinical outcomes, and symptoms of anxiety and depression between and within the two groups. METHODS: The design was a randomized controlled non-inferiority study. A total of 40 patients, 30% women (mean±SD age 64.9±8.9 years) with heart failure were randomized to an intervention of 12 weeks, either performing yoga or training with hydrotherapy for 45-60 minutes twice a week...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121172/cost-utility-analysis-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-conventional-heart-valve-surgery-versus-usual-care
#18
Tina Birgitte Hansen, Ann Dorthe Zwisler, Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Kirstine Lærum Sibilitz, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Jakob Kjellberg, Patrick Doherty, Neil Oldridge, Rikke Søgaard
Background While cardiac rehabilitation in patients with ischaemic heart disease and heart failure is considered cost-effective, this evidence may not be transferable to heart valve surgery patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation following heart valve surgery. Design We conducted a cost-utility analysis based on a randomised controlled trial of 147 patients who had undergone heart valve surgery and were followed for 6 months. Methods Patients were randomised to cardiac rehabilitation consisting of 12 weeks of physical exercise training and monthly psycho-educational consultations or to usual care...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109619/obesity-and-heart-failure-focus-on-the-obesity-paradox
#19
REVIEW
Salvatore Carbone, Carl J Lavie, Ross Arena
The escalating prevalence of obesity has been linked to substantial increases in both metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, the direct effects of obesity on cardiovascular health and function require further exploration. In particular, the relationship between obesity and cardiac function has received intense scrutiny. Although obesity increases the risk for development of heart failure (HF), it appears to exert a protective effect in patients in whom HF has already been diagnosed (the "obesity paradox")...
February 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105791/the-future-of-pleiotropic-therapy-in-heart-failure-lessons-from-the-benefits-of-exercise-training-on-endothelial-function
#20
REVIEW
Gilles W De Keulenaer, Vincent F M Segers, Faiez Zannad, Dirk L Brutsaert
A novel generation of drugs is introduced in the treatment of heart failure (HF). These drugs, including phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, guanylate cyclase stimulators and activators, share the feature that their action is either endothelial-mediated or substitutes for endothelial pathways, in particular the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate pathway, thereby influencing homeostatic balances in virtually each organ system in a pleiotropic fashion. Unfortunately, recent clinical trials with some of these drugs have shown disappointing results, at least in the setting of HF with a preserved ejection fraction...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
keyword
keyword
117092
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"