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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893010/prevalence-of-thyroid-dysfunction-in-a-large-southern-european-population-analysis-of-modulatory-factors-the-apna-study
#1
Silvia Santos Palacios, María Llavero Valero, Antonio Brugos-Larumbe, Juan José Díez, Francisco Guillén-Grima, Juan C Galofré
CONTEXT: To study the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in a very large unselected population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of abnormal thyroid function and evaluate potential modulatory factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: The Estudio de Atención Primaria de Navarra, The APNA Study, is a cross-sectional study conducted in northern Spain. It involved 303,883 people, of 20 years of age and older, who live in the Navarra region. Participants are covered by the public healthcare system and medical records are digitalized...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882503/a-novel-homozygous-selenocysteine-insertion-sequence-binding-protein-2-secisbp2-sbp2-gene-mutation-in-a-turkish-boy
#2
Gönül Çatli, Haruki Fujisawa, Özgür Kırbıyık, Mizuho S Mimoto, Pinar Gencpinar, Taha Reşid Özdemir, Bumin Nuri Dündar, Alexandra M Dumitrescu
SECISBP2 is an essential factor in selenoprotein synthesis and its mutations result in a multiorgan syndrome including abnormal thyroid hormone metabolism. A ten-year-old obese Turkish boy born to consanguineous parents presented with high T4, low T3, high rT3 and normal or slightly elevated TSH. He also had attention deficit disorder and muscle weakness but no delay in growth or bone age. Sequencing of genomic DNA revealed a novel c.800_801insA, p.K267Kfs*2 mutation, homozygous in the proband and heterozygous in both parents and his brother...
June 8, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876020/thyroid-function-in-the-etiology-of-fatigue-in-breast-cancer
#3
Nagi B Kumar, Angelina Fink, Silvina Levis, Ping Xu, Roy Tamura, Jeffrey Krischer
Background: Cancer related fatigue (CRF), reported in about 90% of breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, and has a profound impact on physical function, psychological distress and quality of life. Although several etiological factors such as anemia, depression, chronic inflammation, neurological pathology and alterations in metabolism have been proposed, the mechanisms of CRF are largely unknown. Methods: We conducted a pilot, prospective, case-control study to estimate the magnitude of change in thyroid function in breast cancer patients from baseline to 24 months, compared to cancer-free, age-matched controls...
May 22, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850817/risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-thyroid-cancer-survivors-findings-from-the-utah-cancer-survivors-study
#4
Jihye Park, Brenna E Blackburn, Patricia A Ganz, Kerry Rowe, John Snyder, Yuan Wan, Vikrant Deshmukh, Michael Newman, Alison Fraser, Ken Smith, Kim Herget, Anne C Kirchhoff, Dev Abraham, Jaewhan Kim, Marcus Monroe, Mia Hashibe
Context: Thyroid cancer survivors are at high risk to develop multiple cardiac and vascular conditions as consequence of cancer diagnosis and treatment; however, it is still unclear how baseline and prognostic factors, as well as cancer treatments, play a role in increasing cardiac and vascular disease risk among thyroid cancer survivors. Objective: To investigate the association between potential risk factors, treatment effects, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes in thyroid cancer survivors...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806686/-pseudohypoparathyroidism-report-of-two-cases-of-late-presentation
#5
Carolina Peña, Constanza Pinochet, Pablo Florenzano, Carolina Mendoza, Carolina Garfias, Marcela Aracena, Cecilia Mellado, Gilberto González
Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is a group of rare genetic disorders that share organ targeted resistance to the action of parathyroid hormone (PTH) as a common feature. Biochemically, they may present with hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia and elevated PTH. Some forms present with a specific phenotype: short stature, round facies, short neck, obesity, brachydactyly and subcutaneous calcifications, called Albrigth's Hereditary Osteodystrophy (AHO). This spectrum of disorders are caused by several alterations in the gene coding for the alpha subunit of the G protein (GNAS): an ubiquitous signaling protein that mediates the action of numerous hormones such as PTH, TSH, gonadotropins, and ACTH, among others...
January 2018: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785760/thyroid-function-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-from-denmark
#6
I M Miller, G Vinding, H A Sørensen, H Rytgaard, U B Mogensen, C Ellervik, G B Jemec
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease. Numerous studies have associated HS with obesity, and recently with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Both obesity and MetS are linked with metabolic changes. Thyroid hormones play a central role in metabolism and exert pleiotropic effects on adipogenesis and the basal metabolism of lipids and glucose. We hypothesized that patients with HS have an altered or dysfunctional metabolism expressed as thyroid function. AIM: To investigate thyroid function in individuals with HS compared with healthy controls (HCs)...
May 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778669/thyroid-status-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-a-biochemical-study-on-insulin-resistance-in-non-obese-overweight-and-obese-type-2-diabetics
#7
Rajendran Jayanthi, Abu Raghavan Srinivasan, Gopal Niranjan
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance with altered thyroid status in women is observed in type 2 diabetics and varies with advancing age and estrogen profile. We compared thyroid status between premenopausal and postmenopausal women in obese, non obese and overweight type 2 diabetes. METHODOLOGY: We included 301type 2 diabetics who were segregated into premenopausal (n = 100) 33.2% and postmenopausal (n = 201) 66.8% among three sub groups (Non obese, overweight and Obese)...
May 10, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769703/preoperative-thyroid-function-and-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery
#8
João Sérgio Neves, Pedro Souteiro, Sofia Castro Oliveira, Jorge Pedro, Daniela Magalhães, Vanessa Guerreiro, Maria Manuel Costa, Rita Bettencourt-Silva, Ana Cristina Santos, Joana Queirós, Ana Varela, Paula Freitas, Davide Carvalho
Thyroid function has an important role on body weight regulation. However, the impact of thyroid function on weight loss after bariatric surgery is still largely unknown. We evaluated the association between preoperative thyroid function and the excess weight loss 1 year after surgery, in 641 patients with morbid obesity who underwent bariatric surgery. Patients with a history of thyroid disease, treatment with thyroid hormone or antithyroid drugs and those with preoperative evaluation consistent with overt hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism were excluded...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769486/low-free-t%C3%A2-was-associated-with-poor-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-in-a-hospital-based-study-in-bangladesh
#9
M Kamrul-Hasan, N I Siddiqui, R A Shubha, M Abu-Bakar, P K Chanda, F I Haque
Clinical significance of low free T₃ (FT₃) has not been well explained in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); FT₃ level may be associated with diabetes control and also with diabetic complications. This cross-sectional study was carried out among 153 (mean age 46.8±12 years; female 68%, mean duration of diabetes 5.5±0.53 years, 63.4% either overweight or obese) non-pregnant adults with T2DM who had no acute illness and were unaware about their thyroid function status from July 2016 to December 2016...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768692/prevalence-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-obese-children-or-adolescents-and-association-between-thyroid-hormone-and-the-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Hye Young Jin
AIM: Subclinical hypothyroidism is defined as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels with the normal concentrations of thyroxine (T4) or free thyroxine (fT4), and its clinical significance is unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in children and adolescents and determine the relationship between lipid profiles, insulin resistance and thyroid hormones. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed using data from a subset of the KNHANES VI...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763838/the-overweight-increases-circulating-inflammatory-mediators-commonly-associated-with-obesity-in-young-individuals
#11
Laís Roquete Lopes, Silvana Mara Luz Turbino Ribeiro, Vivian Paulino Figueiredo, Ana Luísa Junqueira Leite, Roney Luiz de Carvalho Nicolato, Juliana Assis Estanislau Gomes, Fernando Luiz Pereira de Oliveira, Andre Talvani
Obesity is a serious and growing world healthy problem affecting developed and developing countries. The new conception of obesity as a basal inflammatory condition has opened a new window of possibilities to identify inflammatory biomarkers to be used in the diagnosis or prognosis of obesity-associated comorbidities. This present work aims the identification of the adipokines (leptin and resistin), chemokines (CCL2, CCL5, CXCL16) and the BMP-2 and their association with the clinical, biochemical (fasting glucose, hemogram, cholesterol, T3, T4 and TSH) and anthropometric (weight, height, body circumferences, skinfold thickness and percentage of body fat) parameters in young adults (18-30 years old) presenting obesity and overweight...
May 11, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721016/the-association-of-thyroid-nodules-with-metabolic-status-a-cross-sectional-spect-china-study
#12
Yi Chen, Chunfang Zhu, Yingchao Chen, Ningjian Wang, Qin Li, Bing Han, Li Zhao, Chi Chen, Hualing Zhai, Yingli Lu
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of thyroid nodules (TNs) and their ultrasound (US) characteristics related to malignancy with metabolic status. Methods: The data were obtained from a cross-sectional study (SPECT-China, 2014-2015). The study included 9898 participants older than 18 years. Participants underwent several checkups, which included the measurement of anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, TSH levels, glucose, and lipid profiles...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674996/association-between-thyroid-hormones-thyroid-antibodies-and-cardiometabolic-factors-in-non-obese-individuals-with-normal-thyroid-function
#13
Jia Liu, Yan Duan, Jing Fu, Guang Wang
Background: Hypothyroidism is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) is the leading cause of hypothyroidism. Recent studies showed that even AIT patients with euthyroidism still had an increased number of early atherosclerotic lesions. However, the precise mechanism is not yet known. This study aimed to investigate the association of thyroid function, thyroid autoimmunity, and cardiometabolic risk factors in non-obese AIT patients with euthyroidism...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623823/low-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-are-independently-associated-with-autoimmune-thyroiditis-in-a-cohort-of-apparently-healthy-overweight-and-obese-subjects
#14
Giovanni De Pergola, Vincenzo Triggiani, Nicola Bartolomeo, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Michele Anelli, Michele Masiello, Vittoria Candita, Dario De Bellis, Franco Silvestris
BACKGROUND: Low vitamin D levels have been associated with autoimmune disorders and, then, with the Hashimoto's autoimmune thyroiditis (AT), the most common autoimmune disease. Obesity is characterized by lower vitamin D levels and higher risk to develop autoimmune diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the possibility of an association between AT and decreased 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in a cohort of otherwise healthy overweight and obese subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred sixty one overweight subjects (mean age: 40...
April 6, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589549/effect-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-thyroid-hormones-in-euthyroid-obese-patients
#15
Zeki Ozsoy, Faruk Kutluturk
INTRODUCTION: In obese patients, the incidences of several thyroid disorders have increased in comparison to the general population. This study aimed to investigate the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on thyroid function tests in obese patients. METHODS: The patient files of 186 individuals who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery were examined retrospectively. Forty-nine females and 29 males comprising a total of 78 patients were included in the study...
March 26, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506313/impact-of-autoimmune-thyroiditis-on-reproductive-and-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#16
Jan Ulrich, Julia Goerges, Christoph Keck, Dirk Müller-Wieland, Sven Diederich, Onno Eilard Janssen
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) has been found to be associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of this retrospective cohort study using data from a fertility clinic, with patients recruited from 2009 to 2010, was to confirm the higher prevalence of AIT in PCOS and to evaluate the impact of AIT on reproductive and metabolic parameters of PCOS patients. METHODS: Patients comprised 827 PCOS subjects seen for reproductive or metabolic complaints...
April 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495350/the-role-of-insulin-resistance-hyperinsulinism-on-the-rising-trend-of-thyroid-and-adrenal-nodular-disease-in-the-current-environment
#17
REVIEW
Agathocles Tsatsoulis
Thyroid follicular cells, as well as adrenocortical cells, are endowed by an intrinsic heterogeneity regarding their growth potential, in response to various stimuli. This heterogeneity appears to constitute the underlying cause for the focal cell hyperplasia and eventually the formation of thyroid and adrenal nodules, under the influence of growth stimulatory factors. Among the main stimulatory factors are the pituitary tropic hormones, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) or thyrotropin and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which regulate the growth and function of their respective target cells, and the insulin/insulin-like growth factor system, that, through its mitogenic effects, can stimulate the proliferation of these cells...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452573/the-effect-of-metformin-treatment-in-obese-insulin-resistant-patients-with-euthyroid-goiter
#18
Nicoleta Răcătăianu, Sorana Daniela Bolboacă, Adela-Viviana Sitar-Tăut, Smaranda Mârza, Daniela Moga, Ana Valea, Cristina Ghervan
Objective The study's objective was to evaluate the thyroid parameters in obese insulin-resistant patients with euthyroid diffuse or nodular goiter, following Metformin treatment. Patients and methods The study was experimental, open, and prospective. Fifty-three patients aged 18-68 were enrolled for two years. Obese insulin-resistant patients (cut-off Homeostasis-Model-Assessment of Insulin Resistance-HOMA-IR ≥ 2.5) with euthyroid nodular/diffuse goiter were included. Subjects with diabetes, hypo-/hyper-thyroidism, autoimmune thyroiditis, psychiatric disorders, liver or heart failure were excluded...
February 16, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412382/thyroid-disorders-in-obese-patients-does-insulin-resistance-make-a-difference
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nicoleta Răcătăianu, Nicoleta Leach, Cosmina Ioana Bondor, Smaranda Mârza, Daniela Moga, Ana Valea, Cristina Ghervan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between insulin resistance and thyroid pathology in obese patients, and compare the results between insulin-resistant and noninsulin-resistant patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Obese/nondiabetic patients, aged 18-70 years, attending the outpatient endocrinology service for 2 years were consecutively included. We evaluated the patients' fasting plasma glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), antithyroperoxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab), antithyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab), and thyroid ultrasound...
December 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388360/beneficial-effects-of-thyroid-hormone-on-adipose-inflammation-and-insulin-sensitivity-of-obese-wistar-rats
#20
Ana C Panveloski-Costa, Caroline Serrano-Nascimento, Paula Bargi-Souza, Leonice L Poyares, Gabriela de S Viana, Maria T Nunes
Thyroid hormones play an important role in glucose metabolism and there is evidence of increased prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in obese and diabetic patients. This study aimed at evaluating the thyroid function and the effects of the triiodothyronine (T3) treatment on glycemia control, insulin sensitivity and subclinical inflammation in cafeteria-diet-induced obesity in rats. Obesity was induced in male Wistar rats by offering a cafeteria diet and a subset of the obese rats was treated with T3 (1.5 μg per 100 g of body weight) for a 28-day period...
February 2018: Physiological Reports
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