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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537332/comparison-of-intermittent-fasting-versus-caloric-restriction-in-obese-subjects-a-two-year-follow-up
#1
F B Aksungar, M Sarıkaya, A Coskun, M Serteser, I Unsal
OBJECTIVE: Caloric restriction (CR) is proven to be effective in increasing life span and it is well known that, nutritional habits, sleeping pattern and meal frequency have profound effects on human health. In Ramadan some Muslims fast during the day-light hours for a month, providing us a unique model of intermittent fasting (IF) in humans. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of IF versus CR on the same non-diabetic obese subjects who were followed for two years according to the growth hormone (GH)/Insulin like growth factor (IGF)-1 axis and insulin resistance...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533579/relationship-between-body-mass-index-waist-to-hip-ratio-and-serum-lipid-concentrations-and-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-in-the-euthyroid-adult-population
#2
Ali Reza Rahbar, Mohamadreza Kalantarhormozi, Fatemeh Izadi, Elham Arkia, Marzie Rashidi, Fatemeh Pourbehi, Farzaneh Daneshifard, Amin Rahbar
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, and lipid parameters and serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in healthy euthyroid individuals. This cross-sectional study was conducted between June 1(st) and July 20(th), 2013, at Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. One hundred forty euthyroid individuals were divided into 2 groups: a high-TSH group (TSH between 2.0 and 5.5 mIU/L, n=67) and a low-TSH group (TSH between 0...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527122/effects-of-cigarette-smoke-exposure-during-suckling-on-food-intake-fat-mass-hormones-and-biochemical-profile-of-young-and-adult-female-rats
#3
Patricia Cristina Lisboa, Patricia Novaes Soares, Thamara Cherem Peixoto, Janaine Cavalcanti Carvalho, Camila Calvino, Vanessa Silva Tavares Rodrigues, Dayse Nascimento Bernardino, Viviane Younes-Rapozo, Alex Christian Manhães, Elaine de Oliveira, Egberto Gaspar de Moura
PURPOSE: Children from smoking mothers have a higher risk of developing obesity and associated comorbidities later in life. Different experimental models have been used to assess the mechanisms involved with this increased risk. Using a rat model of neonatal nicotine exposure via implantation of osmotic minipumps in lactating dams, we have previously shown marked sexual dimorphisms regarding metabolic and endocrine outcomes in the adult progeny. Considering that more than four thousand substances are found in tobacco smoke besides nicotine, we then studied a rat model of neonatal tobacco smoke exposure: adult male offspring had hyperphagia, obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, secondary hyperthyroidism and lower adrenal hormones...
May 19, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486021/variations-in-serum-free-thyroxin-concentration-within-normal-ranges-predict-the-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-non-obese-adults-a-cohort-study
#4
Ladan Mehran, Atieh Amouzegar, Mahmood Bakhtiyari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Parnian Kheirkhah Rahimabad, Maryam Tohidi, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: The association of changes in thyroid hormone values overtime with the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not yet been evaluated. This study, for the first time, assessed the effect of thyroid hormone variations in the subclinical and euthyroid range on the incidence of MetS and its components over a 10 year follow-up in an adult population. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the prospective population-based Tehran Thyroid Study. Of 5786 randomly selected subjects, aged ≥20 years, after excluding subjects with MetS (1403), TSH>10 or <0...
May 9, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480767/evaluation-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-serum-level-in-obese-and-lean-women-with-clomiphene-citrate-resistant-polycystic-ovary-disease
#5
Emaduldin Seyam, Momen Hasan, Eissa M Khalifa, Ahmad Ramadan, Enas Hefzy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to investigate the level of the serum level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) as an inflammatory biomarker in lean and obese women with polycystic ovary disease (PCOD), who are resistant to clomiphene citrate (CCR-PCOD). PATIENTS AND DESIGN: It is a case-controlled study, where 150 (n = 150) PCOD women (study group), who are resistant to clomiphene citrate (CCR-PCOD) had been recruited, in addition to 100 (n = 100) women with PCOD, who are not resistant to clomiphene citrate (NCCR-PCOD) as the first control group, and another 100 women (n = 100) fertile women with normal reproductive health, as the second control group...
May 8, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470490/effect-of-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-on-thyroid-hormone-levels-in-chinese-patients-could-it-be-a-risk-for-thyroid-nodules
#6
Hongwei Zhang, Weijie Liu, Xiaodong Han, Haoyong Yu, Pin Zhang, Weiping Jia
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate the changes in thyroid function and the risk of thyroid tumors after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 117 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity who underwent laparoscopic RYGB (LRYGB) and were followed up for 36 months. Thyroids were examined with ultrasonography. Binary logistic regression analysis was used for predictors of thyroid tumors, and receiver operating characteristic curve determined cutoff points...
May 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458701/is-herbal-therapy-safe-in-obesity-a-case-of-apium-graveolens-celery-induced-hyperthyroidism
#7
Hojjat Rouhi-Boroujeni, Masih Hosseini, Mojgan Gharipour, Hamid Rouhi-Boroujeni
BACKGROUND: Apium graveolens is one of the well-known herbs used for the treatment of different; however, allergic reactions have been reported after its use. This report aimed to demonstrate the A. graveolens induced hyperthyroidism after its oral consumption for weight loss. CASE REPORT: Mr. A, 48-year-old, with no history of any thyroid diseases, was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism due to daily consumption of 4 g of dried celery leaves for 45 days. After cessation of consumption and treatment with methimazole, the symptoms remitted...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391273/inverse-correlation-of-venous-brain-natriuretic-peptide-levels-with-body-mass-index-is-due-to-decreased-production
#8
Zubair Shah, Mark Wiley, Arun Mahankali Sridhar, Reza Masoomi, Mazda Biria, Dhananjay Lakkireddy, Buddhadeb Dawn, Kamal Gupta
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to study the association between body mass index (BMI) and coronary sinus (CS) brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients with heart failure and reduced systolic function (HFrEF). BACKGROUND: There is an inverse relationship between systemic venous BNP (V-BNP) levels and BMI in patients with HFrEF. It is unclear whether this finding is due to decreased production or due to an increased metabolism of BNP. Since CS-BNP levels reflect BNP production, we hypothesized that assessing the correlation of CS-BNP levels with BMI would provide insight into the mechanism of this inverse relationship of V-BNP and BMI...
April 8, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379580/association-of-tsh-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-overweight-and-obese-children-during-lifestyle-intervention
#9
J M Rijks, J Plat, E Dorenbos, B Penders, Wjm Gerver, Ace Vreugdenhil
Context: Overweight and obese children have an increased risk to develop cardiovascular diseases(CVD) in which thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH) has been suggested as an intermediary factor. However, results of cross-sectional studies are inconclusive and intervention studies investigating changes in TSH concentrations in association with changes in cardiovascular risk parameters in overweight and obese children are scarce. Objective: To gain insight in associations of circulating TSH concentrations and cardiovascular risk parameters in overweight and obese children...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376799/new-association-of-bone-morphogenetic-protein-4-concentrations-with-fat-distribution-in-obesity-and-exenatide-intervention-on-it
#10
Xingchun Wang, Jiaqi Chen, Liang Li, Cui Ling Zhu, Jingyang Gao, Sharvan Rampersad, Le Bu, Shen Qu
BACKGROUND: Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP-4) has been proven to regulate white adipogensis. We aimed to demonstrate the correlation of BMP-4 with fat distribution and Exenatide treatment on it. METHODS: We enrolled 69 obese patients. Anthropometric and metabolic indexes were collected. Fat distribution was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. BPM-4 levels were assessed using enzyme-link immunosorbent assay kit. 30 obese patients were treated with Exenatide twice a day...
April 4, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351085/thyroid-function-and-metabolic-syndrome-a-population-based-thyroid-study
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ladan Mehran, Atieh Amouzegar, Parnian Kheirkhah Rahimabad, Maryam Tohidi, Zhale Tahmasebinejad, Fereidoun Azizi
The impact of thyroid dysfunction in subclinical ranges on metabolic syndrome (MetS) is not well known. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the association of thyroid dysfunction with MetS and its components. In the cross-sectional population-based Tehran Thyroid Study, out of 5 786 randomly selected participants, aged≥20 years, subjects with thyroid nodules and cancer or any severe systemic disease, those who were pregnant and those using thyroid medication were excluded, leaving 5 422 subjects to be investigated...
March 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333968/a-genome-wide-association-study-of-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-and-free-thyroxine-in-danish-children-and-adolescents
#12
Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Emil Vincent Rosenbaum Appel, Mathilde Svendstrup, Johanne Dam Ohrt, Maria Dahl, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Mette Hollensted, Christian Theil Have, Haja N Kadarmideen, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm, Niels Grarup
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroidism is associated with obesity, and thyroid hormones are involved in the regulation of body composition, including fat mass. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in adults have identified 19 and 6 loci associated with plasma concentrations of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (fT4), respectively. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify and characterize genetic variants associated with circulating TSH and fT4 in Danish children and adolescents and to examine whether these variants associate with obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325623/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-survival-outcome-in-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#13
Yousif Al-Ammar, Bader Al-Mansour, Omar Al-Rashood, Mutahir A Tunio, Tahera Islam, Mushabbab Al-Asiri, Khalid Hussain Al-Qahtani
INTRODUCTION: Increased body mass index (BMI) is known to be associated with the high prevalence of Differentiated Thyroid Cancers (DTC); however data on its impact on survival outcome after thyroidectomy and adjuvant therapy is scanty. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the impact of BMI on overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) rates in patients with DTC. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2011, 209 patients with DTC (papillary, follicular, hurthle cell) were treated with thyroidectomy followed by adjuvant radioactive iodine-131 (RAI) therapy and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression...
February 28, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318814/integrated-yoga-and-naturopathy-module-in-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Swathi Gowda, Sriloy Mohanty, Apar Saoji, Raghuram Nagarathna
A 50-year-old male participant with sedentary lifestyle, diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) [obesity, Type-2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension] and hypothyroidism since 2013, was administered integrated Yoga and Naturopathy (IYN) for 6 weeks as a tailor made individualized protocol at the residential integrative medical facility in Bangalore between October and November 2015. The results showed reduction in weight (97.9 kg to 74.6 kg), Body Mass Index (BMI) (35.1 kg/m(2) to 27.86 kg/m(2)), total cholesterol (192 mg% to 145 mg%), triglycerides (153 mg% to 90 mg%), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) (124 mg% to 81 mg%), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) (40 mg% to 46 mg%), fasting blood glucose (110 mg/dl to 75 mg/dl), postprandial glucose (267 mg/dl to 100 mg/dl), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (7...
January 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277129/daytime-decrease-of-prolactin-levels-is-associated-with-pcos-regardless-to-nutritional-status-and-other-hormones-levels
#15
Grzegorz Franik, Paweł Madej, Magdalena Guz-Lem, Aleksander Owczarek, Jerzy Chudek, Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to analyze daytime changes of prolactin level depending on nutritional status and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and fifteen (69 normal weight, 21 overweight and 25 obese) diagnosed with PCOS and 77 (37 normal weight, 18 overweight and 22 obese) women - Non-PCOS without concomitant diseases were enrolled. Body mass and height were measured and BMI was calculated. Serum concentrations of FSH, LH, E2, testosterone, TSH and PRL were determined morning 6...
February 21, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276648/reference-values-for-tsh-may-be-inadequate-to-define-hypothyroidism-in-persons-with-morbid-obesity-di-bet-es-study
#16
Sergio Valdés, Cristina Maldonado-Araque, Ana Lago-Sampedro, Juan Antonio Lillo-Muñoz, Eduardo Garcia-Fuentes, Vidal Perez-Valero, Carolina Gutiérrez-Repiso, Eva Garcia-Escobar, Albert Goday, Inés Urrutia, Laura Peláez, Alfonso Calle-Pascual, Elena Bordiú, Luis Castaño, Conxa Castell, Elias Delgado, Edelmiro Menéndez, Josep Franch-Nadal, Sonia Gaztambide, Joan Girbés, Emilio Ortega, Joan Vendrell, Matilde R Chacón, F Javier Chaves, Federico Soriguer, Gemma Rojo-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reference range of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in different BMI categories and its impact on the classification of hypothyroidism. METHODS: The study included 3,928 individuals free of thyroid disease (without previous thyroid disease, no interfering medications, TSH <10 µUI/mL and thyroid peroxidase antibodies [TPO Abs] <50 IU/mL) who participated in a national, cross-sectional, population-based study and were representative of the adult population of Spain...
March 9, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255980/thyroid-dysfunction-in-obese-and-overweight-children
#17
REVIEW
Ewelina Witkowska-Sędek, Anna Kucharska, Małgorzata Rumińska, Beata Pyrżak
Obesity and thyroid function are closely related. Thyroid hormones are involved in the regulation of metabolism, thermogenesis, food intake, and fat oxidation. In obese children the most frequent hormonal abnormalities are slight hyperthyrotropinaemia and moderate increases in total T3 and/or fT3 concentrations. Those abnormalities are usually considered a cause of obesity, but according to recent studies, they should actually be considered an adaptation process aimed at increasing resting energy expenditure and total energy expenditure...
2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255851/the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-thyroid-function-and-medication-use-in-patients-with-hypothyroidism
#18
Alex Zendel, Yasmin Abu-Ghanem, Joseph Dux, Eyal Mor, Douglas Zippel, David Goitein
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery (BS) is effective in treating obesity and its associated comorbidities. However, there is a paucity of data on the effect of BS on thyroid function in hypothyroid patients, specifically in those treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy (THR). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of BS on thyroid function and on THR dosage in patients with hypothyroidism. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of all hypothyroid patients who underwent BS between 2010 and 2014 was performed...
March 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246105/insulin-resistance-and-normal-thyroid-hormone-levels-prospective-study-and-metabolomic-analysis
#19
Ele Ferrannini, Giorgio Iervasi, Jeff Cobb, Rudina Ndreu, Monica Nannipieri
While hyper/hypothyroidism causes dysglycemia, the relationship between thyroid hormone levels within the normal range and insulin resistance (IR) is unclear. In 940 participants with strictly normal serum concentrations of free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)) followed up for 3 years, we measured insulin sensitivity (by the insulin clamp technique) and a panel of 35 circulating metabolites. At baseline, across quartiles of increasing fT3 levels (or fT3/fT4 ratio) there emerged most features of IR (male sex, higher BMI, waist circumference, heart rate, blood pressure, fatty liver index, free fatty acids, and triglycerides levels, reduced insulin-mediated glucose disposal and ß-cell glucose sensitivity)...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224472/effects-of-weight-reduction-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-metabolic-variables-in-saudi-obese-subjects-in-aseer-province-of-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#20
Mohammed A Bawahab, Abdullah S Assiri, Walid Abdel Maksoud, Ayyub Patel, Osama Kadoumi, Gaffar Sarwar Zaman, Riyad Mohammed Khalil Alessih, Syed Saleem Haider
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate the occurrence of oxidative stress, status of protective antioxidants enzymes, inflammatory biomarkers, and some metabolic health variables in the blood and to compare the results between those of the normal controls and obese patients submitted to sleeve gastrectomy-induced weight loss over a 1-year follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in Aseer Central Hospital and Abha Private Hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 2012 to January 2013 on 50 normal (BMI = 22-25 kg/m(2)) control subjects and 50 obese (BMI = 45-50 kg/m(2)) patients...
February 21, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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