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Zhiying Ji, Matthew J LeBaron
The Pig-a assay, a recently developed in vivo somatic gene mutation assay, is based on the identification of mutant erythrocytes that have an altered repertoire of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored cell surface markers. We hypothesized that the erythrocyte Pig-a assay concept could be applied to rat cauda epididymal spermatozoa (sperm) for germ cell mutagenicity evaluation. We used GPI-anchored CD59 as the Pig-a mutation marker and examined the frequency of CD59-negative sperm using flow cytometry...
August 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
Jessica C Brooks, Katarena I Ford, Dylan H Holder, Mark D Holtan, Christopher J Easley
Employing 3D-printed templates for macro-to-micro interfacing, a passively operated polydimethysiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic device was designed for time-resolved secretion sampling from primary murine islets and epidiymal white adipose tissue explants. Interfacing in similar devices is typically accomplished through manually punched or drilled fluidic reservoirs. We previously introduced the concept of using hand fabricated polymer inserts to template cell culture and sampling reservoirs into PDMS devices, allowing rapid stimulation and sampling of endocrine tissue...
October 21, 2016: Analyst
Ahmet Ateşşahin, Gaffari Türk, Seval Yilmaz, Mustafa Sönmez, Fatih Sakin, Ali Osman Ceribasi
The present study was conducted to investigate the possible protective effects of lycopene (LP) and ellagic acid (EA) on aroclor (AR) 1254-induced testicular and spermatozoal toxicity associated with the oxidative stress and apoptosis in male rats. The control group was treated with placebo. LP (10 mg/kg/every other day), EA (2 mg/kg/every other day) and AR (2 mg/kg/day) groups were given alone LP, EA and AR respectively. One of the last two groups received AR + LP, and the other treated with AR + EA. Body and reproductive organ weights, epididymal sperm characteristics, testicular tissue lipid peroxidation levels, antioxidant enzyme activities, histopathological changes and apoptosis via Bax and Bcl-2 genes were investigated...
June 2010: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
G Anthony Gray, John J Dascanio, Ramanathan Kasimanickam, D Phillip Sponenberg
A 4-year-old alpaca stud was presented for examination of his reproductive tract. Ultrasonographic examination of the gonads revealed 2 cystic structures associated with the head of each epididymis. Biopsies of each testicle evidenced mild testicular degeneration. Histopathologic examination of the gonads revealed cystic efferent ductules in the head of each epididymis.
July 2007: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Vishali Gupta, Amod Gupta, Sunil Arora, Naresh Sachdeva, Pardeep Bambery
PURPOSE: To report positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the vitreous and epididymal fluid in a patient of choroidal tuberculoma and epididymitis. DESIGN: Interventional case report. METHODS: HASH(0x4d6c060) SETTING: Institutional setting. intervention: Vitreous and epididymal fluid tap subjected to PCR for primer IS 6110 sequence specific for M. tuberculosis. Purification of DNA product and sequencing on an automated DNA sequencer...
August 2005: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Raymond Poon, Marc Rigden, Ih Chu, Victor E Valli
Pentyl ether (PE) and two newly synthesized polyoxy ethers, 1,4-diethoxybutane (DEB) and 1,6-dimethoxyhexane (DMH), have been proposed as candidate diesel fuel additives. To characterize and compare their toxicity and to provide information for risk assessment, a 4-week oral study was conducted on these compounds. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (288 +/- 20 g) were divided into groups of seven animals each, and were administered by gavage low (2 mg/kg body weight), medium (20 mg/kg body weight), or high (200 mg/kg body weight) doses of PE, DEB, or DMH, respectively, 5 days/week for 4 weeks...
January 2004: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
P A Lewandowski, D Cameron-Smith, C J Jackson, E R Kultys, G R Collier
Obesity and diabetes in Israeli sand rats, Psammomys obesus, occur with the sequential transition of animals from normal insulin sensitivity to impaired insulin sensitivity, accompanied by increased adiposity, prior to insulin resistance and obesity, in a manner similar to susceptible human populations. The current study was designed to examine the role of de novo lipid synthesis in the development of excessive weight gain in P. obesus. Sand rats were classified at 12 wk of age into three groups: A, normoglycemic normoinsulinemic; B, normoglycemic hyperinsulinemic; C, hyperglycemic hyperinsulinemic, based on glucose and insulin responses in fed sand rats...
November 1998: Journal of Nutrition
L Hamberger, K Lundin, A Sjögren, B Söderlund
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is the latest of several microfertilization techniques that have been utilized predominantly to overcome severe male subfertility, giving fertilization and term pregnancy rates similar to conventional in-vitro fertilization (IVF) (but for other indications). Even though available data on children born after ICSI are very encouraging, the procedure must still be considered as novel and the safety aspect to a great extent unexplored. In our opinion, therefore, ICSI should only be used for specific indications, and in this communication the non-existent, relative and absolute indications for performing ICSI are outlined and discussed...
April 1998: Human Reproduction
A Brauers, E Striepecke, A Mersdorf, M Sohn, L Füzesi
We report the case of a 73-year-old patient who presented clinically with a palpable left scrotal mass after a 3-month history of therapy-resistant epidiymitis. He underwent epidiymectomy, and the following histopathologic and immunohistochemical evaluation revealed an inflammatory pseudotumor. We present the second case of an inflammatory pseudotumor of the epididymis being reported in the literature and give a brief review of the literature concerning this very rare neoplastic entity.
1997: European Urology
S J Silber, Z Nagy, J Liu, H Tournaye, W Lissens, C Ferec, I Liebaers, P Devroey, A C Van Steirteghem
The results and rationale of using testicular and epididymal spermatozoa with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for severe cases of male infertility are reviewed. A total of 72 consecutive microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA) cases were performed for congenital absence of the vas (CAV) and for irreparable obstructive azoospermia. ICSI was used to obtain normal embryos for transfer and fertilization in 90% of the cases. The overall fertilization rate was 46% with a normal cleavage rate of 68%...
August 1995: Human Reproduction
Z S Al-Rawi, K E Sharquie, S J Khalifa, F M Al-Hadithi, J J Munir
The clinical features of 60 patients (45 male, 15 female) with Behçet's disease (BD) are reported in this prospective study. Ninety seven per cent had mouth ulceration, 83% genital ulceration, 75% skin lesions, 48% ocular involvement, 48% synovitis, 17% thrombophlebitis, and 22% of the male patients had epidiymitis, while constitutional symptoms were reported by 63%. The arthritis was intermittent, self limiting, and non-destructive, involving large joints, mainly the knees and ankles. The pathergy test was positive in 37 of 52 patients with BD, and negative in all 120 healthy controls and in 20 healthy volunteers who possessed the HLA-B51 antigen...
December 1986: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
J R Vasselli, T Flory, S K Fried
The intestinal glucosidase inhibitor acarbose was administered as a dietary admix (30 mg/100 g chow diet) to male Zucker obese and lean rats. After 15 weeks, epidiymal fat pads were removed and adipocytes isolated by collagenase digestion. Equilibrium binding of A-14 tyrosine 125I-insulin, and transport of U-14C-glucose was determined was adipocytes incubated for 50 min at 37 degrees C in 0-16000 pM insulin. Insulin binding/cell was enhanced two-fold in lean (P less than 0.01) and obese (n.s.) drug groups. In drug-treated leans, increased sensitivity of glucose transport to submaximally stimulating concentrations of insulin was observed (P less than 0...
1987: International Journal of Obesity
G DiCarlantonio, P Talbot
Experiments were conducted to determine if acrosomal enzymes are released simultaneously or in sequence during the normal acrosome reaction. Epididymal guinea pig sperm were incubated in a chemically defined, calcium-containing medium which supports normal acrosome reactions within 4-5 hours at 37 degrees C. The sperm suspensions were monitored for motility, normal acrosome reactions, and false acrosome reactions during in vitro incubation. At specified time intervals, the sperm were separated from the incubation medium by centrifugation, and the distribution of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP II) and acrosin activity was determined by biochemically assaying the hydrolysis of trialanine and N-benzoyl-L-arginine ethyl ester (BAEE), respectively...
December 1988: Gamete Research
A R Brito, I A Medeiros, R P Markus
1. The pharmacological reactivity of the epididymal and prostatic portions of the rat vas deferens to BaCl2, phenylephrine and carbachol were recorded by isometric and isotonic technique. 2. The maximum response induced by the three agonists were similar at the epidiymal end, while at the prostatic portion phenylephrine produced a response 80% lower than that of barium and carbachol. 3. The pD2 value to agonists and the sensitivity to calcium channel blockers were lower at the prostatic end. 4. The data suggest that not only the pharmacological reactivity of the prostatic and epididymal portions differs, but also that the activity of the prostatic portion is much more reduced to alpha 1-agonists...
1989: General Pharmacology
H Okuda
Experiments were carried out to elucidate the mechanism of triglyceride accumulation in epidiymal adipose tissue of obese mice made by goldthioglucose injection. Specifically, fat mobilization and its deposition were investigated. In goldthioglucose-treated mice, the weight of the epididymal adipose tissue was 1,200 percent of that of control mice, while adrenaline-induced lipolysis and lipase activity of the tissue were 272 and 450 percent of control respectively. These results suggest that deposition of fat far exceeds fat mobilizing activity in the adipose tissue of the obese mice...
1975: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
T Braun, R F Dods
A distinctive Mn-2+-sensitive adenylate cyclase [ATP pyrophosphate-lyase(cyclizing), EC] system insensitive to fluoride has been found in rat seminiferous tubules and epididymal sperm. The development of this distinctive adenylate cyclase in testis was studied during spermatogenesis. It was first detectable in seminiferous tubules in immature rats at about the time of the first reductive divisions and the appearance of spermatid cells. The specific activity of the enzyme increased substantially during the period of spermatogenesis when spermatids develop into mature spermatozoa, and reached maximal values in the testis of adult rats...
March 1975: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
N A Iudaev, Iu A Pankov, Iu M Keda, Iu P Shvachkin, M N Riabtsev
The lipid-mobilizing activity of a synthetic peptide, NH2-Phe-Glu-Glu-Ala-Tyr-Ile-Pro-Lys-Glu-Gln-Lys-Tyr-Ser-Phe-COOH, corresponding to the 31-44 amino-acid sequence of human growth hormone, was studied. The peptide stimulated lypolysis upon administration to fasted rats and during incubation with isolated epidiymal adiposed tissue of rat and perirenal adiposed tissue of rabbit. The lipid-mobilizing effect of the peptide,unlike the corresponding effect of the native growth hormone, developed fast and was markedly pronounced 15-30 min after the incubation was started...
May 1976: Biokhimii︠a︡
G L Nicolson, N Usui, R Yanagimachi, H Yanagimachi, J R Smith
MODIFICATIONS IN RABBIT SPERM PLASMA MEMBRANES DURING EPIDIDYMAL PASSAGE AND AFTER EJACULATION WERE INVESTIGATED BY USED OF THREE LECTINS: concanavalin A (Con A); Ricinus communis I (RCA(I)); and wheat germ agglutinin (WGA). During sperm passage from caput to cauda epididymis, agglutination by WGA drastically decreased, and agglutination by RCA(I) slightly decreased, although agglutination by Con A remained approximately unchanged. After ejaculation, spermatozoa were agglutinated to a similar degree or slightly less by Con A, WGA, and RCA(I), compared to cauda epididymal spermatozoa...
September 1977: Journal of Cell Biology
J A García-Sáinz, E Piña, V Chagoya de Sánchez
The action of cycloheximide on some parameters of glucose and lipid metabolism was studied in vitro in epidiymal fat pads from fasted rats. Incubation of fat pads with cycloheximide (1 mug/ml) for 2 hours resulted in a two-fold increase in glucose uptake, glucose oxidation, incorporation of glucose into lipids, and reesterification of free fatty acid. The increase in glucose oxidation was evident in experiments in which [U-14C], [1-14C], or [6-14C]glucose was added to the media, but it was absent when the media were supplemented with pyruvate...
January 1977: Journal of Lipid Research
S J Smith, E D Saggerson
1. Dose-dependent effects of adrenaline on PDHa activity were investigated with both incubated rat epidiymal fat-pads and isolated adipocytes. 2. Adrenaline (10nM- 5 micrometer) decreased PDHa activity in fat-pads incubated with 5 mM-[U-14C]glucose + insulin (20 munits/ml). Changes in [U-14C]glucose incorporation into fatty acids in these tissues correlated only loosely with changes in PDHa activity. There was a good inverse relationship between adrenaline-induced changes in PDHa activity and increases in lipolysis (glycerol release)...
July 15, 1978: Biochemical Journal
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